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uo ^ i^r/.o(^.^ 

^arbarb College Itiirarp 



Oae half the lacomc firom thb Legacy, which was re- 
cdred la iSSo nnder the will of 

of Waltham, MaMachoMttt, b to be expended for boolu 
for the CoU^ Library. The other half of the income 
b devoted to tcholanhiM in Harvard Uaivereity for the 
beaeit of deeceadaatt of 

who died at Watertown. MaeeachoMttt, in 1686. In the 
abteace of each deeceadaatt, other pertoat are eligible 
to the eeholanhipe. The will reqniree that thb aanonace- 
ment ehall be made ia every book added to the Library 
nader itt providoat. 

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FA M I L I E S/ 










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This family is said to be of Welsh 
DAY origin, and the name is said to be a 

place name, from the river Dee in 
Wales. In 1592 arms were confirmed to Wil- 
liam Day, B. D., provost of Eton College and 
the dean of Windsor. He was said to be de- 
scended from the Dees of Wales, viz., being 
younger son of Richard Day, who was the 
son of Nicholas Day, the son 0I John Dee 
called by the English Daye). He was the son 
of Morgan Dee, younger brother to Richard 
Dee, Welshman. There were at least eight 
immigrants of the name to New England ; Rob- 
ert, of Cambridge, mentioned below; Robert, 
of Ipswich; Nathaniel, of Ipswich; Stephen, 
of Cambridge; Wentworth, of Boston; Ralph, 
of Dedham; Matthew, of Cambridge; An- 
thony, of Gloucester. 

(I) Robert Day, immigrant ancestor of this 
branch of the family, was born in England and 
came to New England on the ship "Hopewell" 
in April, 1634. He settled first at Cambridge 
and was admitted a freeman. May 6, 1635. He 
went to Hartford, Connecticut, no doubt with 
Rev. Mr. Hooker's company, and was a resi- 
dent there in 1639. His name is on the monu- 
ment erected to the memory of the founders 
of that city. His will was dated May 20, 1648, 
and inventory of the estate was filed October 
14, 1648. He married Editha Stebbins, sister 
of Deacon Edward Stebbins, of Hartford. She 
married (second) Deacon John Maynard, and 
(third) in 1658, EHzur Holyoke, of Spring- 
field, where she died October 24, 1688. Chil- 
dren : Thomas, of Springfield ; John, mentioned 
below; Sarah, killed with her son Joseph by 
the Indians, September 19, 1677; Mary. 

(II) John, son of Robert Day, married 
Sarah Maynard, of Hartford. His will was 
dated November 16, 1725, when he was "ad- 
vanced in years,** and proved May 6, 1730. 
He owned a share in a grist or saw mill, which 
be bequeathed to his son William. Children : 
Joseph, died 1696; John, mentioned below; 
Thomas; Mary; Maynard; Sarah, baptized 
September 19, 1686; William, baptized April 
24, 1692; Joseph, baptized June 14, 1699. 

(III) John (2), son of John (i) Day, was 
born in 1677, died November 4, 1752, aged 
seventy-five. He removed to Colchester, Con- 
necticut, about 1701-02. He married (first) 
January 21, 1696, Grace Spencer, of Hartford, 
who died May 12, 1714, in Colchester. He 

married (second) Mary 

-, who died No- 

vember 2, 1749, aged seventy- four. Children, 
all by first wife, the first three born in Hart- 
ford: Lydia, born April 11, 1698; Mary, Au- 
giist 14, 1699; John, June 6, 1701. Born in 
Colchester: Joseph, September 27, 1702; Ben- 
jamin, February 7, 1704; Editha, September 
ID, 1705; Daniel, March 9, 1709, died 1712; 
David, July 18, 1710; Abraham, mentioned 
below; Isaac, May 17, 1713; Daniel. 

(IV) Abraham, son of John (2) Day, was 
born in Colchester, Connecticut, March 17, 
1712, died March 18, 1792, aged eighty. He 
married, November 20, 1740, Irene Foot, who 
died August 7, 1809. He lived in Colchester. 
Children : Ephraim, born July 10, 1741 ; Ezra, 
April 22, 1743; Nehemiah, March 5, 1745; 
Abraham, September 20, 1747; Elisha, Janu- 
ary 30, 1749; Lucy, May 14, 1752; Elijah, De- 
cember I, 1754; Irene, March 7, 1757; Sarah, 
March 26, 1759; Oliver, September 12, 1761. 

Captain Richard Walker, the 
WALKER immigrant ancestor, was born 
in England in 1590. He came 
to New England in 1630, and settled at Lynn, 
Massachusetts. He was admitted a freeman, 
March 5, 1633-34, and was ensign in the Lynn 
militia company in 1630, later lieutenant and 
captain. In 1638 he was a member of the 
Artillery Company of Boston. He was deputy 
to the general court ; was surety for Howes of 
Mattacheeset in 1638. He removed to Read- 
ing, Massachusetts, where he was a proprietor 
in 1644 and later a town officer. He lent money 
on mortgages to Sir William Temple in 1660 
and cancelled the bond in 1670. His son Rich- 
ard who came over in 1638 in the ship "Eliza- 
beth** deposed in 1676 that he was aged about 
sixty-five years. In 1630, while Walker was 
on guard duty, he was attacked by Indians who 
were frightened away without any deaths, 
however. Pope says: "He joined in 1639 
with William, Robert, and Thomas Talmage, 
brothers of his wife Jane, in a letter of attor- 
ney for the collection of moneys from the 
overseers of the will of John Talmage of New- 
ton Stacey, in the county of Southampton, hus- 
bandman, the brother of their father Thomas 
Talmage, and from the executors of the will 
of their brother, Symon Talmage.** 

Captain Walker married (first) Jane, daugh- 
ter of Thomas Talmage, of Newton Stacey; 

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(second) Sarah 

He died May, 1687, 

and was buried May 16, aged ninety-five years. 
Administration was granted June 19, 1687, to 
his widow Sarah, who died December i, 1695. 
He had a long, useful and active career. Chil- 
dren: Captain Richard, bom 161 1, in Eng- 
land; Samuel, mentioned below; Tibitha, mar- 
ried, March 11, 1662, Daniel King; Elizabeth, 
married, March 2, 1665, Ralph King; Shubael; 
John ; Obadiah. 

(H) Samuel, son of Captain Richard 
Walker, was born in England. His age is 
given as sixty-nine years when he died, No- 
vember 6, 1684; he deposed April 2, 1666, that 
he was forty-four years old. He moved from 
Lynn to Reading, then to Woburn. He was 
a proprietor of Reading in 1643 ^^^^ ^^^ father 
and brother Richard. He was admitted to the 
church at Woburn about 1650 with his wife. 
He was highway surveyor there in 1662. He 
was a maltster by trade, and was the third man 
to keep a tavern at Woburn, being licensed 
for that purpose, April, 1662. His sons, Sam- 
uel and Joseph, were administrators of his 
estate. Children : - Samuel, mentioned below ; 
Joseph, born March 10, 1645 » Hannah, April 

11, 1647, died April 28, 1648; Israel, June 28, 
1648; Hannah, twin of Israel; John, February 

14, 1650; Benjamin, June 4, 1652, died April 
26, 1653; Isaac; Ezekiel. 

(III) Deacon Samuel (2) Walker, son of 
Samuel (i) Walker, was born September 23, 
1643, at Reading, died at Woburn, January 18, 
1704, aged sixty-one years. He was a prom- 
inent citizen of Woburn and deacon of the 
church. He married, September 10, 1662, 
Sarah Reed, of Woburn. She died November 
I, 1681. Children, bom at Woburn: Edward, 
October 12, 1663 ; John, July 2, 1665 J Samuel, 
mentioned below ; Sarah, March 6, 1670; Tim- 
othy, June 16, 1672; Isaac, November i, 1677; 
Ezekiel, March 5, 1679. 

(IV) Deacon Samuel (3) Walker, son of 
Deacon Samuel (2) Walker, was born in Wo- 
burn, January 25, 1667. He married (first) at 
Woburn, June i, 1688, Judith Howard, who 
died there November 14, 1724, aged fifty-seven 

years. He married (second) Mary , 

who died at Charlestown, Massachusetts, Octo- 
ber 23, 1748, aged eighty years. Children by 
first wife, born at Woburn ; Sarah, October 

15, 1689; Judith, March 16, 1691 ; Abigail, Oc- 
tober 30, 1692; Samuel, mentioned below; 
Hannah, July 24, 1698; John, January 11, 
1700; John, August I, 1701 ; Mary, October 

12, 1702 ; Timothy, July 27, 1705 ; Phebe, Sep- 
tember 7, 1707. 

(V) Captain Samuel (4) Walker, son of 
Deacon Samuel (3) Walker, was born at Wo- 
burn, September 3, 1694. He settled in Wil- 

mington, formerly piart of Woburn. He mar- 
ried Hannah , who died May 13, 1788. 

Children, born at Woburn and Wilmington: 
Hannah, September 22, 1718; Samuel, May 3, 
1720, died May 16, 1738; James, April 17, 
1722, died May 31, 1738; Abigail, August 31, 
1724, died June 27, 1738; Jonathan, April 15, 
1726, died May 17, 1738; Nathan, March 17, 
1728, died May 18, 1738. Born at Wilming- 
ton: Richard, July i, 1730, died June 21, 1738; 
Timothy, mentioned below; Judith, Febmary 
22, 1734, died May 16, 1738; Edward, Sep- 
tember 14, 1737, died June 10, 1738; Abigail, 
May 27, 1741. Of nine children Timothy alone 
survived the pestilence which swept away eight 
children in fhis one family within six weeks. 

(VI) Major Timothy Walker, son of Cap- 
tain Samuel (4) Walker, was born at Wil- 
mington, Massachusetts, July 25, 1732, died 
there May 8, 1800. He was a soldier in the 
revolution, a captain in Colonel Greene's regi- 
ment of militia on the Lexington Alarm, April 
19, 1775; major in the regiment of Colonel 
Jonathan Fox commissioned February 12, 
1776; member of committee to raise men for 
the army; served as major in the Rhode Island 
campaign, May 5 to July i, 1779. He married 

Eunice , who died at Wilmington, June 

2, 1815, aged eighty-four years. Children, 
born at Wilmington; Samuel, November 29, 
1760; Elizabeth, February 15, 1763; Timothy, 
June 18, 1765, died September 7, 1767; Benja- 
min, mentioned below ; James, January 3, 1772. 

(VII) Benjamin, son of Major Timothy 
Walker, was born at Wilmington, Massachu- 
setts, July 3, 1767, died June 26, 181 1. He 
married Susanna Cook. Children, born at Wil- 
mington: Benjamin, June 23, 1801 ; Timothy, 
mentioned below; Sears Cook, March 23, 
1805; Horatio, February 24, 1807; Joseph 
Brewster, May 28, 1809; Susan, February 11, 
181 1. Susanna (Cook) Walker, after the 
death of her first husband, married Ezra Ken- 
dall and had three more children ; Judith Ken- 
dall, born May 17, 1816; Ezra Otis Kendall, 
May 17, 1818; Abigail Maria Kendall, Octo- 
ber 31, 1820. The mother of these children 
was a lineal descendant of Elder William 
Brewster, who came in the ^'Mayflower" to 
Plymouth in 1620. 

(VIII) Timothy (2), son of Benjamin 
Walker, was born in Wilmington, Massachu- 
setts, December i, 1802. He attended the pub- 
lic schools of his native town and entered Har- 
vard College in August, 1822, graduating in 
the class of 1826 with the degree of Bachelor 
of Arts. He was a teacher for three years in 
the Round Hill School, Northampton, Massa- 
chusetts, an instructor in mathematics. He 
entered the Harvard Law School in October, 

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1 107 

1829, but before completing his course decided 
to go westward and arrived in Cincinnati, 
Ohio, August 6, 1830. He was admitted to 
the bar and became a prominent lawyer and 
jurist. From 1842 to 1843 he was presiding 
judge of the court of common pleas of Hamil- 
ton county, Ohio. He was elected upon grad- 
uation from college to the scholars' society, the 
Phi Beta Kappa, and in 1850 delivered the 
annual Phi Beta Kappa oration at Harvard 

He married (first) in 1832, Anna Lawler 
Bryant, who died within two years afterward. 
He married (second) March 11, 1840, Eleanor 
Page Wood, bom in Philadelphia, Pennsyl- 
vania, June 27, 181 1, daughter of James and 
Annie (Bryan) Wood. Her parents had two 
sons and six daughters. Her father was born 
in England and was an India merchant. Chil- 
dren of Hon. Timothy Walker by his first 
wife: Two sons died in infancy. Children by 
second wife: i. Edward Wood, mentioned be- 
low. 2. James Bryant, died in 1874. 3. Tim- 
othy Brewster, lived at Franklin Springs, New 
York. 4. Anna, never married. 5. Susan, 
married Nicholas Longworth, who was judge 
of the court of common pleas of Hamilton 
county from 1876 to 1881, when he was elected 
judge of the supreme court of Ohio, and 
served two years; graduated from Harvard 
College in 1866 with high honors; a man of 
brilliant achievements and accomplishments; 
his translation of "Electra" is a permanent 
record of his poetical ability and fine classical 
scholarship ; a cultivated musician and a skill- 
ful mechanic, and in social life a charming 
companion; died in 1890 at the age of forty- 
six years; left three children of whom Nich- 
olas Longworth Jr., graduate of Harvard, mar- 
ried Alice Roosevelt, daughter of President 
Theodore Roosevelt, and is now a member of 
congress from Ohio. 8. Clara, married the 
Count de Chambrun, of France. 9. Anna, 
married Buckner Wallingford and has three 
children: Buckner Jr., Landon and Nicholas 

(IX) Dr. Edward Wood Walker, son of 
Timothy (2) Walker, was bom September 3, 
1853, at Cincinnati, Ohio. He attended the 
public schools of his native city and entered 
Harvard College, from which he was grad- 
uated with the d^ree of Bachelor of Arts in 
the class of 1874. He b^an to study his pro- 
fession in the Cincinnati Medical College and 
was graduated with the degree of Doctor of 
Medicine in 1877. He then spent two years 
abroad, attending lectures at Heidelberg Uni- 
versity and at Berlin and Vienna. Upon bis 
return home he began to practice his profes- 
sion in Cincinnati, making a specialty of sur- 

gery in which he attained great skill and 
prominence. In 1886 he was demonstrator of 
pathology at the Medical College of Ohio, and 
in the same year was elected to the chair of 
surgery and pathology in Miami Medical Col- 
lege. He is also a professor on the staff of the 
Cincinnati City Hospital and in the Episcopal 
Hospital and on the staff of the German Dea- 
coness' Hospital and the Betts Street Hospital. 
He is a member of the Ohio State Academy of 
Medicine and of the American Medical Asso- 
ciation. Since 1910 he has been a member of 
the Cincinnati Board of Health. He was for- 
merly examiner of the pension department of 
the United States. He has taken all the thirty- 
two degrees in Scottish Rite Masonry and is a 
member of Harmony Lodge, No. 5, the chap- 
ter, council, commandery and other Masonic 
bodies; also member of the Blain Club, the 
Press Club of Cincinnati and the Queen City 
Club. He is a communicant of the Protestant 
Episcopal church. In politics he is a Repub- 
lican. He married, June 7, 1893, Inez Hat- 
field, born in 1872, daughter of John Hatfield, 
of Lebanon, Ohio. They have no children. 

Cheney is derived from the 
CHEN E Y French wordchene, meaning oak, 
and it came into use originally 
in Normandy or England to signify the resi- 
dence, probably, of the progenitor. It belongs 
to the same class of surnames as Wood, Lake, 
etc. It is certain that Cheney, Chine, Cheyney 
or Cheyne, as it was variously spelled, was one 
of the earliest surnames used in England. Sir 
Nicholas Cheyney acquired the manor of Up- 
Ottery in Devonshire in the reign of Henry 
III. (1207-72). Thomas Cheyney, mercer, 
died in London in 1361, a man of wealth and 
varied interests. Henry Cheyney, of London, 
made his will, August 18, 1361. John Cheyney 
was arch-deacon of Exeter, July 10, 1379, one 
of the clergy of the Litchfield cathedral in . 
June, 1382, and prebend of Huntingdon, March 
3, 1387-88. 

In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, 
records of the Cheney family are found in 
Northampton, Wiltshire, Sussex, Oxfordshire, 
Bedfordshire, Berkshire, Suffolk, Norfolk, 
Yorkshire, Lincolnshire, Hertfordshire, Essex 
and Devonshire, pretty generally diffused 
throughout the country. The original coat-of- 
arms, according to Burke's Armory, was : Er- 
mine, on a bend sable three martlets or. Crest : 
A bull's scalp argent. There are other coats-of- 
arms of greater or less antiquity borne by vari- 
ous branches of the family. A patient and 
costly search of the English records has not 
conclusively proved the ancestry of two Amer- 
ican immigrants from whom the American 

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Cheneys are descended. Both William and 
John« Cheney came to Roxbury, Massachusetts, 
and we find Cheney a rather numerous name 
in county Essex, England, whence many of 
the Roxbury settlers came. We find the will 
of Robert Cheney, of Waltham Abbey, dated 
October i, 1667, mentioning wife Johan, and 
sons John, Raufe, William and Robert, and 
daughter Agnes. His son John had a son Wil- 
liam, born in 1584 and baptized February 21, 

Boston, Massachusetts, of which Roxbury 
is now a part, was settled in part by immi- 
grants from Boston, Lincolnshire, England. 
It is reasonable to suppose that the Essex and 
Lincolnshire Cheneys were closely related. 
Their homes were not far apart and their chil- 
dren bore almost identical names. John 
Cheney, of Bennington in Lincolnshire, made 
his will. May 24, 162 1, bequeathing to the 
poor of the parish, to wife Alice, to children 
and others. He names two sons John, one 
distinguished from the other by the terms 
"John the elder" and "John the younger." 
John Cheney was buried March 21, 1633. Chil- 
dren, mentioned in the will and recorded in 
the baptismal register of the parish: Frances, 
baptized December 20, 1596; William, bap- 
tized February 5, 1597; Jane, baptized Febru- 
ary 28, 1600; John, baptized June 30, 1605; 
Edward, baptized July 20, 1606 ; Thomas, born 
July 25, 1607; Agnes, baptized October 16, 
1608 ; John, baptized November 9, 1609 ; Rich- 
ard, baptized September 29, 161 1; Elizabeth, 
baptized June 2, 1614. Edward was buried 
December 8, 1613; the wife Elizabeth was 
buried June 12; 1614. A Thomas Cheney was 
an alderman of Boston, England, in 1585, and 
the family has been prominent there for sev- 
eral centuries. 

William Cheney, the immigrant, owned land 
adjoining Rev. John Wilson's land in Boston, 
Massachusetts. We know no reason for think- 
ing that John and William Cheney, the immi- 
grants, were not the sons of John Cheney, of 
Bennington, a list of whose children has just 
been given. But if it were proved that the 
Cheneys were of this old Lincolnshire family, 
the English pedigree appears to be impossible 
to trace. But few English pedigrees have 
been conclusively proved and established. 

(I) John Cheney, the immigrant ancestor, 
was born in England. "John Cheney," wrote 
John Eliot, the famous Indian Apostle, min- 
ister of Roxbury, "he came into the land in the 
years 1636. He brought 4 children Mary, Mar- 
tha, John, Daniel. Sarah his 5th child was 
borne in the last month of the same year 1636 
called February. He removed from our church 
to Newbury the end of the nect su*er 1636. 

Martha Chany the wife of John Cheny." At 
Newbury John Cheney prospered. His allot- 
ment of land was large. He had a good stand 
in the "old town" and on shore and elsewhere. 
He had three acres granted, June 19, 1638, at 
the westerly end of the great swamp behind 
the great hill ; on August 25, six acres of salt 
marsh ; then a parcel of marsh with little island 
of upland on it, about twenty acres, little river 
of the northwest, formerly a part of the calf- 
common, assigned to him July 5, 1639. Lot 
No. 50 in the "new town" on Field street was 
granted him January 10, 1643. He was a 
member of the grand jury, April 27, 1648; 
selectman often; member of a committee to 
lay out the way to the neck and through the 
neck to the marshes on the east side of the 
old town, November 29, 1654. He was inter- 
ested in public affairs and was one of the 
famous ten men of Newbury who took such 
interest in the campaign of Governor Win- 
throp against Sir Harry Vane that they made 
a journey of forty miles from Newbury to 
Cambridge to take the freeman's oath. They 
were admitted May 17, 1637. He died July 
28, 1666, leaving a will dated June 5, 1666, 
written in his own hand. He provided lib- 
erally for his wife and family. The will was 
proved September 25, 1666. Children : Mary, 
born in England about 1627; Martha, about 
1629; John, about 1631 ; Daniel, mentioned be- 
low; Sarah, born in Roxbury, Massachusetts, 
February, 1635-36; Peter, 1638; Lydia, born 
at Newbury; Hannah, November 16, 1642; 
Nathaniel, born at Newbury, January 12, 
1644; Elizabeth, January 12, 1647. 

(II) Daniel, son of John Cheney, was born 
in England about 1633. He was a farmer and 
a man of great industry and wisdom. He and 
his wife joined the church before 1675, and in 
1688 he was a constable. The rate list men- 
tions him, his brother Peter and Peter's son 
Peter ; at that time he owned about forty-five 
acres of land. He was made freeman. May 7, 
1663. He was one of those who petitioned for 
the pardon or restoration of John Pike, who 
had been lieutenant of the militia in Newbury 
and who had fallen under the displeasure of 
the general court for some reason. On Octo- 
ber 19, 1654, the court ordered those who 
petitioned to give bonds in the sum of ten 
pounds for daring to petition, to appear for 
trial. The three men, however, received no 
punishment for asking for fair play for their 
officer. He died September 10, 1694. Joshua 
Bayley was appointed guardian for the four 
minor children. Eleanor, a daughter, had mar- 
ried, become a widow, and married again before 
she was of age. On December 22, 1694, Daniel's 
widow, Sarah, wrote her refusal to administer 

Digitized by 



1 109 

on her husband's estate, requesting that the 
son Daniel be appointed. The inventory was 
dated September 20, 1694. Daniel Cheney 
married, in Newbury, October 8, 1665, Sarah, 
born August 17, 1644, died October 26, 17 14, 
daughter of John Jr. and Eleanor (Emery) 
Bayley. Children, bom in Newbury: Sarah, 
September 11, 1666; Judith, September 6, 
1668 ; Daniel, mentioned below ; Hannah, Sep- 
tember 3, 1673 ; John, July 10, 1676 ; Eleanor, 
March 29, 1679; Joseph, baptized April 9, 
1682; James, born April 16, 1685. 

(III) Daniel (2), son of Daniel (i) Cheney, 
was born in Newbury, Massachusetts, Decem- 
ber 31, 1670. His home was situated near the 
bank of the river in what is now West New- 
bury. He was a farmer. He gave service at 
the block house twice in 1704, in defence 
against expected Indian attacks. He was a 
member of "The Second Foot Company of 
Newbury," January 15, 171011, under Hugh 
March. He and his wife were admitted to 
full communion in the West Newbury church, 
October 29, 1727. He died in the autumn of 
1755, and in his will, dated March 2, 1754, he 
disposed of his large estate to his children and 
some grandchildren, and to his wife. He mar- 
ried Hannah, born August 22, 1678, daughter 
of Thomas and Hannah (Emerson) Duston 
(see Duston II). Children, born at Newbury: 
Daniel, July 16, 1699; John, March 10, 1701- 
02; Thomas, mentioned below; Hannah, Sep- 
tember 25, 1706; Sarah, January 25, 1708; Na- 
thaniel, November 25, 1711; Mary, August 9, 
1714; Abigail, November i, 1719. . 

(IV) Thomas, son of Daniel (2) Cheney, 
was bom in Newbury, Massachusetts, Febru- 
ary 25, 1703. On March 24, 1741, he bought 
twenty acres of land in Haverhill, Massachu- 
setts, in the part which now is in Plaistow, New 
Hampshire. His will was dated March 4, 
1767, and proved June 24, 1767. He married. 
May 17, 1726, Hannah Stevens, bom in Haver- 
hill, March. 16, 1704-05, probably daughter of 
John Jr. and Mary (Bartlett) Stevens. Chil- 
dren: Hannah, born in Newbury, March 20, 
1727. Born in Haverhill: Daniel, January 10, 
1728-29; Duston, mentioned below; Thomas, 
July 31, 1733; Mary, January 20, 1735-36; 
Nathaniel, March 16, 1737-38, died young. 
Born in Plaistow: John, June 2, 1740; James, 
August I, 1742; Abigail, December 18, 1744; 
Sarah, November 2, 1746; Ruth, April 29, 
1749; Susanna, December 29, 1753. 

(V) Duston, son of Thomas Cheney, was 
born in Haverhill, Massachusetts, May 3, 17JI, 
died at the age of ninety-six years, after a 
prosperous and useful life. He lived at Plais- 
tow. He married Sarah Mount. Children, 
bom at Plaistow; Rachel, Febmary 17, 1755; 

Eliphalet, December 5, 1756; Caleb, December 
18, 1758; Hannah, May 31, 1761 ; Thomas, 
April I, 1763; John, February 19, 1765; Mary, 
March 18, 1767; Duston, March 2, 1769; Giles, 
mentioned below; Moses, January 3, 1774. 

(VI) Giles, son of Duston Cheney, was 
born at Plaistow, New Hampshire, Septem- 
ber 4, 1771. He was a farmer at Washington, 
Vermont. He married (first) Hannah Peas- 
ley, and (second) Hannah Kimball. Children 
by first wife: Daniel, bom October 24, 1792; 
Jesse, March 17, 1794; Zadoc, November 9, 
1800; H^ry; Rhoda; Reuben Peasley, men- 
tioned below ; Betsey, August 10, 1808 ; Smilax, 
May 6, 181 1 ; Harrison. By second wife : Wil- 
liam, James, Lorenzo, Giles, Jeanette, Quincy, 
"Aulanie," Cynthia. 

(VII) Reuben Peasley, son of Giles Cheney, 
was born in Washington, Vermont, May 10, 
1803. He carried on the trade of hatter in 
Barton, Vermont, for about six years, but his 
failing health compelled him to live out of 
doors. He cleared up a farm in West Glover, 
Vermont, where he lived the remainder of his 
life. "He was an energetic man, the kindest 
of fathers, and much attached to his family." 
He married, October 2, 1827, at Barre, Ver- 
mont, Sophronia Ufford, born in Greensboro, 
Vermont, in 1799, died in Glover, Vermont, 
December 21, 1882. Children: Frederick Por- 
ter, mentioned below; Nelson, born April 17, 
1830; Celestia, married Thomas B. Stevens. 

(VIII) Frederick Porter, son of Reuben 
Peasley Cheney, was born July 11, 1828, died 
December 25, 1896. The Mason Post, Grand 
Army of the Republic, attended his funeral in 
a body. He lived in Areola, Minnesota, for 
about eight years after marriage, and then re- 
turned to Glover, Vermont. He served in the 
civil war, enlisting in the Eleventh Vermont 
Infantry (Company K) until he was wounded, 
being shot through the body at Cold Harbor, 
Virginia. Although he never fully recovered 
from the wound, he accomplished a great deal. 
He was superintendent of schools and repre- 
sentative twice to the state legislature. For a 
time he published The Greefi Mountain 
Kicker, and was a writer of ability. He was 
a strong patriot and kind-hearted, a good 
friend and citizen. He married, October 5, 
185 1, Louisa, born June 16, 1829, daughter of 
Captain John H. Hill, of Glover. John Hill, 
born July 6, 1804, was son of David Hill, of 
Waterford, Vermont ; he married at St. Johns- 
bury, Vermont, October 14, 1827, Philinda, 
daughter of Daniel Fuller, a revolutionary 
soldier ; they lived in Areola, Minnesota. Chil- 
dren of Frederick Porter Cheney: Marion, 
born May 10, 1854, deceased ; Reuben Howard, 
Eebruary 14, 1856; Fred Nelson, mentioned 

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below; Sophronia Louise, at Glover, June 4, 
1866; Philinda, died in infancy. 

(IX) Fred Nelson, son of Frederick Porter 
Cheney, was born in Areola, Minnesota, July 
9, 1858. His boyhood was spent on a farm, 
and he received his education in the public 
schools of Glover, Vermont, and in the high 
school of that town. When he was fifteen 
years old he entered the employ of O. D. 
Owen, general merchant, at Barton, Vermont, 
and was a clerk in his store until 1883. He 
rose rapidly in the esteem and confidence of 
bis employer and was entrusted witlj the buy- 
ing of goods and keeping of books as well as 
other details of the management of the busi- 
ness. For five years he was manager of a 
branch store of Mr. Owen. He entered part- 
nership with his brother, Reuben Howard 
Cheney, in the insurance business at Man- 
chester, New Hampshire, in 1883, represent- 
ing the Mutual Life Insurance Company of 
New York, under the firm name of Cheney & 
Cheney. The firm had offices in Manchester, 
New Hampshire, and had charge of the busi- 
ness of this company in Vermont and New 
Hampshire. The firm achieved a substantial 
success and built up a large business. In 1902 
the firm was dissolved and Mr. Fred Nelson 
Cheney was afterward employed in special 
work for the same company, and for the past 
ten years he has been manager of the general 
agency of the Mutual Life Insurance Com- 
pany at St. Louis with headquarters in the 
Chemical Building, 721 Olive street, St. Louis. 
His home is at 3515 Longfellow Boulevard in 
that city. 

Mr. Cheney is a member of Orleans Lodge, 
No. 55, Free and Accepted Masons; Council 
No. 3, Royal and Select Masters ; Royal Arch 
Masons ; Trinity Commandery, Knights Temp- 
lar. He has taken thirty-two degrees in Scot- 
tish Rite Masonry and is well known and popu- 
lar in the Masonic fraternity of the state. He 
is a member of Aleppo Temple, Nobles of the 
Mystic Shrine, of Boston. He retains mem- 
bership also in the Amoskeag Veterans' Asso- 
ciation of Manchester, a military company 
established' in colonial days and similar irt 
character to the Ancient and Honorable Ar- 
tillery Company of Boston and the Conti- 
nentals of Worcester, Massachusetts. In poli- 
tics Mr. Cheney is a Republican. He is a 
member of the Mercantile Club of St. Louis, 
also the Business Men's League, the Derry- 
field Club and the Calumet Club of New 

He married, December 24, 1882, Lulu Irene 
Davis, born in Glover, Vermont, April 20, 
1858, daughter of Henry and Zaphira (French) 
Davis. Children : Ruth Irene, born November 

4, 1884; Dorothy Zaphira, May 7, 1897; John 
Willowby, September 25, 1898; Margaret 
Louise, December 10, 1899. 

(The Duston Line). 

(I) Thomas Duston, the immigrant ances- 
tor, was born in England and as early as 1640 
was in Dover, New Hampshire. He owned 
land in Charlestown, Massachusetts, in 1648. 
He was admitted a freeman at Kittery, Maine, 
in 1652. His name is variously spelled Duns- 
ton, Dustin, Dastin and Duston. Only one 
child seems to be known, Thomas, mentioned 

(II) Thomas (2), son of Thomas (i) 
Duston, was born about 1650. He married, 
December 3, 1677, Hannah, daughter of Mich- 
ad and Hannah (Webster) Emerson. Han- 
nah Duston is one of the most famous women 
of American history. On March 15, 1697, the 
Indians attacked Thomas Duston's home. He 
managed to save his life with seven of the 
children by mounting his horse and covering 
their retreat with his gun. They all reached 
safety unharmed, though the Indians fired at 
them many times. Mrs. Duston was in bed 
attended by a midwife, named Mary NefF, 
with her infant daughter, Martha, one week 
old. She was ordered to accompany her cap- 
tors, and but partly dressed, started on the 
dreadful journey northward. The savages 
dashed out the brains of her child against a 
tree in order to spare themselves the trouble 
of an infant in the party. After two weeks 
the Indians^ camped on an island at Pennacock, 
now Concord, New Hampshire, and while 
there, March 30, 1697, Mrs. Duston, with the 
aid of Samuel Leonardson, a seventeen year 
old boy, who had been captured in Worcester, 
she and Mary NefF each armed with a hatchet 
tomahawked ten of the twelve Indians while 
they were asleep. A squaw and one young 
Indian escaped. The three returned to Haver- 
hill and later received rewards . for their 
bravery. Children: Hannah, born August 22, 
1678, married Daniel Cheney (see Cheney 
III) ; Elizabeth, Mary, Thomas, Nathaniel, 
John, Sarah, Abigail, Jonathan, Timothy, Me- 
hitable, Martha, Lydia. 

James Humphrey, progeni- 
HUMPHREY tor of this family, was born 
at or near Providence, 
Rhode Island, about 1750. His parentage is 
not known and therefore the genealogists of 
the family are unable to give his lineage. The 
Humphrey genealogy states that he was doubt- 
less of the Humphrey family of Hingham or 
Weymouth. The immigrant ancestor of this 
line, Jonas Humphrey, is described elsewhere 

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in this work and other of his Rhode Island 
descendants given. James Humphrey was a 
soldier in the revolution. He enlisted at the 
banning of the war and served until its close, 
having been at Valley Forge under General 
Washmgton and taken part in many battles 
and skirmishes, undergoing much hardship. 
At the close of the war he returned to his 
home in Rhode Island. 

He married Amy Hardy (also given as 
Harden and Harding. Harding and Harden 
were different spellings of the same family 
name and were common in the towns near 
Weymouth and Rhode Island in Massachu- 
setts. Hardy was not a common name in this 
section. They resided at Warren, Rhode 
Island, until after the birth of the two eldest 
children, when they removed to Alstead, New 
Hampshire, and not long afterward to Brook- 
field, Vermont, where other children were 
born to them. Children: i. Amy, married 
William Messinger, of Jericho, Vermont, a 
soldier in the war of 1812, taken prisoner by 
the British and died in a Halifax prison ; had 
five children. 2. James, born March 9, 1780; 
married (first) Cynthia Messinger, (second) 
Orpha Dow. 3. Nancy, born at Brookfield, 
Vermont; married Jesse Thompson, of 
Jericho. 4. William, born April 14, 1783; 
married Betsey Qawson. 5. Betsey (or Eliza- 
beth), born at Brookfield, August 31, 1789; 
married, March 3, 1817, Silas Benham, and 
had seven children born at Jericho. 6. 
Elishaba, died at Jericho, unmarried, at an 
advanced age. 7. Relief, born at Brookfield, 
December 15, 1792; married Philander Ben- 
ham, of Jericho; lived at Stark, Michigan; 
had several children. 8. John, died unmarried. 
9. Ede, mentioned below. 10. Truman, died 
aged about nineteen years, unmarried. 11. Dr. 
Harry, born at Brookfield; married Clarissa 
Lee, of Jericho, and practiced medicine in 
Boston and at East Bridgewater, Massachu- 
setts, where he died. 

(II) Ede, son of James Humphrey, was 
born at Brookfield, Vermont, about 1795- 1800. 
He married Phebe Lee, of Jericho, Vermont. 
They resided at Jericho and had several chil- 
dren, among whom was James Lee, mentioned 

(III) James Lee, son of Ede Humphrey, 
was born at Jericho, Vermont, September 14, 
1 82 1, died September 15, 1910, at New Bed- 
ford, Massachusetts. He attended the com- 
mon schools of his native town, after which 
he prepared himself for teaching, and for sev- 
eral years was engaged as a school teacher. 
Finally locating at New Bedford, Massachu- 
setts, he there engaged in business as a dealer 
in butter, eggs and poultry products, and con- 


tinued successfully engaged in business in that 
city until his death. In political faith Mr. 
Humphrey was in early life an old line Whig, 
later becoming identified with the Republican 
party, but being of a quiet and retiring nature 
he never sought public office. In religious be- 
lief he was a Unitarian. Mr. Humphrey mar- 
ried Maria Snell, daughter of Valentine Brad- 
ford, and a direct descendant of Governor Wil- 
liam Bradford, of Plymouth. Colony (see 
Bradford IX). To James L. and Maria S. 
(Bradford) Humphrey were born children as 
follows: I. Charles Blackmer, mentioned be- 
low. 2. James Lee Jr., born in 1859 ; engaged 
in business at No. 95 Front street. New Bed- 
ford, Massachusetts ; married Josephine Allen. 
3. Maria Bradford, born in 1869, died in April, 
1912; married Dr. Augustus Mandell, of New 
Bedford, Massachusetts. 

(IV) Charles Blackmer, eldest son of the 
late James Lee and Maria S. (Bradford) 
Humphrey, was born December 22, 1849, ^^ 
Fairhaven, Massachusetts. He received his 
educational training in the public schools of 
his native city. After leaving school he be- 
came engaged in business with his father in 
New Bedford, where he continued until 1877, 
in which year he removed to Providence, 
Rhode Island, and in the latter city entered the 
employ of the wholesale grocery firm of Dan- 
iels & Cornell. A few years later he became a 
member of the firm, and upon the death of 
Mr. Daniels, in 1889, Mr. Humphrey became 
senior member of the firm, which then became 
Humphrey & Cornell. Mr. Humphrey con- 
tinued actively identified with this well known 
wholesale grocery firm until his retirement 
from active business cares in 1907, during 
which time he had become one of the best 
known wholesale grocers in the New England 
States. He was a successful and enterprising 
business man of Providence, and an active and 
useful citizen. He was also a prominent factor 
in the financial affairs of the city, and for sev- 
eral years was president of the Weybosset Na- 
tional Bank, in which office he continued until 
that bank was absorbed by the Union Trust 
Company of Providence. Upon the consoli- 
dation of these banks Mr. Humphrey became 
a director of the Union Trust Company, a po- 
sition he continued to hold until his death. He 
was also identified with other well-known 
financial and industrial institutions of Provi- 
dence, having been a director of the National 
Exchange Bank, of the American Screw Com- 
pany, and of the Rhode Island Insurance Com- 
pany, having been also a member of the execu- 
tive committee of the latter company. Mr. 
Humphrey was also a member of the Provi- 
dence Board of Trade, the Commercial Club, 

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the Squantum Association, the Hope Club, and 
the Providence Art Club, in all of which he 
was a valued and honored member. 

In religious belief Mr. Humphrey was an 
Episcopalian, and was a regular attendant of 
St. Stephen's Church, of which his wife is an 
active member. In political views he was a 
staunch supporter of the principles of the Re- 
publican party, but preferring to give his un- 
divided attention to his large business inter- 
ests, never cared for public office. Mr. Hum- 
phrey passed away at his home. No. ^2 Or- 
chard avenue. Providence, January 7, 1912, 
after a short illness, an honored and respected 
citizen of the city in which he had been suc- 
cessfully engaged in business for a number of 

On October 29, 1874, Mr. Humphrey mar- 
ried Eva J., daughter of the late Marius Sid- 
ney and Almira J. (York) Daniels, and grand- 
daughter of Moses and Lorinda Bates (Bal- 
lon) Daniels. To Mr. and Mrs. Humphrey 
were born two sons, as follows : Sidney Dan- 
iels, born October 2(5, 1875 ; Karl H., August 
28, 1888. 

Marius Sidney Daniels, the father of Mrs. 
Charles B. Humphrey, was born in Mendon, 
Massachusetts, in 1826, and acquired an acad- 
emic education. About 1857 he located in 
Providence, Rhode Island, where he started in 
the wholesale grocery business on Canal 
street, in partnership with Sylvester G. Martin, 
and shortly thereafter James Cornell was ad- 
mitted to partnership, the firm name becoming 
M. S. Daniels & Company. About 1862 this 
firm bought out the business of Phetteplace & 
Seagrave, on Exchange place, to which loca- 
tion the business was removed. From there, 
in 1873, the next move was to the new Daniels 
building, on Custom House street, which build- 
ing was built and owned by Mr. Daniels. At 
this time the firm name was changed to Daniels 
& Cornell, and during the great fire of 1877 
the business suffered with many others, but 
was soon re-established on Continental Wharf, 
where they continued in business for about a 
year, or until the new building had been 
erected on the old site, to which they at once 
removed, at which time the style of co-part- 
nership was again changed to Daniels, Cornell 
& Company. Mr. Daniels continued the senior 
member of this firm until his demise, which 
occurred February 25, 1889, at the age of six- 
ty-three years, at South Pasadena, California, 
whither he had gone on account of ill health, 
and taken up his residence in a handsome new 
house which was built for his occupancy. Mr. 
Daniels married Almira J., daughter of Gideon 
and Delia Ann (Rawson) York, the York 
family having been early settlers of the state 

of Maine. To Mr. and Mrs. Daniels were 
born four children, as follows: Eva J., widow 
of Charles B. Humphrey; Ida A., wife of 
William C. Fuller, of. San Francisco, Califor- 
nia; Henry Marius, died in 1887, unmarried; 
Emma Rozelia, died in 1894, unmarried. 

(The Bradford Line). 

The surname Bradford is derived from the 
name of a place, Bradford or Bradenford. 
There are two ancient towns of this name in 
England, one in Wiltshire, near Bath, the other 
in Yorkshire, near Leeds. Near the latter 
was the home of the ancestors of the American 
family. In England the Bradford surname 
doubtless dates to the time when surnames 
were first adopted in the eleventh and twelfth 
centuries. One of the first martyrs burned at 
the stake during the reign. of Bloody Mary 
was John Bradford, Prend of St. Paul, and a 
celebrated preacher. He was bom in Man- 
chester, Lancashire, in 1510, and was executed 
July I, 1555. He was a friend of Rogers, 
Hooper, Saunders, Latimer, Cranmer and Rid- 
ley, who also died at the stake about the same 
time. The Bradford coat-of-arms is de- 
scribed: Argent on a fesse sable, three stags' 
heads erased or. The ancestry of Governor 
William Bradford of Plymouth colony has not 
been traced beyond his grandfather, though 
it is known that the family is ancient. 

(I) William Bradford, grandfather of Gov- 
ernor William Bradford, lived at Austerfidd 
(Osterfeldt) county Nottingham, England, 
and in 1575 he and John Hanson were the 
only subsidiaries located there. Bradford was 
taxed twenty shillings on land; Hanson the 
same amount on goods. Governor William 
Bradford, when a boy, lived with his grand- 
father, after his father died. The grandfather 
died at Austerfield, January 10, 1595-96. Chil- 
dren : William, mentioned below ; Thomas ; 
Robert, baptized June 25, 1561, married Alice 
Waingate, and Governor William, lived with 
him after his grandfather died and in 1598 
Robert was the only subsidiary at Austerfield ; 
his will was dated April 15, 1609, and he was 
buried April 23 following; Elizabeth, baptized 
July 16, 1570. 

(II) William (2), son of William (i) Brad- 
ford, was born at Austerfield, about 1565, died 
July 15, 1591, before his father. He married 
Alice Hanson. Children, born at Austerfield : 
Margaret, baptized March 8, 1585, died young; 
Alice, baptized October 30, 1587; Governor 
William, mentioned below. 

(III) Governor William (3) Bradford, son 
of William (2) Bradford, was baptized at 
Austerfield, March 19, 1590. After his father 
died he lived for a time with his grandfather 

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and then with his uncle, Robert Bradford, who 
lived at Scrooby, five miles from Austerfield 
near the estate of the Brewsters in county 
Nottingham. He joined the church where 
Rev. Richard Clifton and Rev. John Robinson 
preached and soon became one of the leading 
Separatists. His early educational advantages 
were limited, but by diligent study he became 
very proficient in Latin, Greek, French, Dutch, 
and in Hebrew, which he learned in order to 
read the Scriptures in the original. He went 
with the Pilgrims to Holland. When he came 
of age he received considerable property from 
his father's estate, but did not succeed him in 
his commercial undertakings. He learned the 
art of "fustian or frieze weaving." He mar- 
ried, in Amsterdam, Holland, December 9, 
16 1 3, Dorothea May. He gave his age at that 
time as twenty-three and hers as sixteen. They 
embarked for England, July 22, 1620, and 
after many trials sailed from Plymouth, Eng- 
land, September 6, 1620, on the ship "May- 
flower," reaching Cape Cod in November. 
While they were at anchor and Bradford was 
absent from the ship, his wife fell overboard 
and was drowned, December 9, 1620. Soon 
afterward Governor Carver died and Brad- 
ford was elected governor of the Plymouth 
colony, an office he held by annual re-election 
until he died, except during the years 1633-34- 
36-38-44. He took a prominent part in all the 
cj)uncils, which were held in his house, and all 
civil and military affairs of the colony. From 
his house at the foot of Burial Hill, each Sun- 
day morning, the people marched to the fort 
at the top to hold religious services. The his- 
tory of the plantation in his handwriting is 
now in the State Library, Boston. In it he 
gave a correct and valuable picture of the 
events of the colony and it is justly cherished 
as one of the greatest of American histories as 
well as the first. 

He married (second) Alice (Carpenter) 
Southworth, widow of Edward Southworth, 
and daughter of Alexander Carpenter, of 
Wrentham, England. She died March 26, 
1670, and he died May 9, 1657. Child by first 
wife: John, of Duxbury, married Martha 
Bourne, died at Norwich, Connecticut. Chil- 
dren by second wife: William, mentioned be- 
low ; Mercy, married Benjamin or Joseph Ver- 
mages; Joseph, bom in 1630, married Jael 

(IV) Major William (4) Bradford, son of 
Governor William (3) Bradford, was born 
June 16, 1624, at Plymouth, Massachusetts, 
died February 20, 1703. He removed to King- 
ston, Massachusetts. He was an assistant, 
deputy-governor and a member of the council 
of Governor Andros in 1687. He was the 

chief military officer of the colony. His will 
is dated January 29, 1703. He married (first) 
Alice Richards, who died at Plymouth, Decem- 
ber 12, 1671, daughter of Thomas and 
Wealthyan Richards, of Weymouth, Massa- 
chusetts. He married (second) the Widow 
Wiswell. He married (third) Mary Holmes, 
who died June 6, 1714-15, widow of Rev. John 
Holmes, of Duxbury, and daughter of John 
Atwood, of Plymouth. Children by first wife : 
John, mentioned below ; Thomas, of Norwich ; 
William, born March 11, 1655, died 1687; 
Samuel, born 1658, died April 11, 1714; Alice, 
married Major James Fitch; Hannah, mar- 
ried, November 28, 1683, Joshua Ripley; 
Mercy, married Steel ; Melatiah, mar- 
ried John Steel; Mary; Sarah, married 
Kenelm Baker. Child by second wife : Joseph, 
of Norwich. Children by third wife: Israel, 
married Sarah Bartlett ; David, married Eliza- 
beth Penney ; Ephraim, Hezekiah. 

(V) Major John Bradford, son of Major 
William (4) Bradford, was bom February 20, 
1653, died December 8, 1736. He resided at 
Kingston a few rods from the landing. He 
was the first deputy to the general court of 
Massachusetts from Plymouth, going in 1689 
and 1691. He married Mercy Warren, who 
died in March, 1747, aged ninety- four, daugh- 
ter of Joseph and Priscilla (Faunce) Warren, 
and granddaughter of Richard Warren, who 
came also in the "Mayflower." They lived 
together for sixty-two years. Children : John, 
born December 25, 1675; Alice, January 28, 
1677 ; Abigail, December 10, 1679 ; Mercy, De- 
cember 20, 1681 ; Lieutenant Samuel, men- 
tioned below ; Priscilla, March 10, 1686 ; Wil- 
liam, April IS, 1688. 

(VI) Lieutenant Samuel Bradford, son of 
Major John Bradford, was born December 23, 
1683, died March 26, 1740. He lived in Ply- 
mouth. He married, October 21, 1714, Sarah, 
daughter of Edward Gray, granddaughter of 
Edward Gray, of Plymouth. She married 
(second) William Hunt, of Martha's Vine* 
yard, and died there in October, 1770. Chil- 
dren: John, mentioned below; Gideon, born 
October 27, 1718; William, December 16, 
1720; Mary, October 16, 1722; Sarah, April 
4, 1725; Dr. William, November 4, 1728; 
Mercy, April 12, 1731 ; Abigail, June 12, 1732; 
Phebe, March 30, 1735; Samuel, April 13, 

(VII) John (2), son of Lieutenant Samuel 
Bradford, was born April 8, 1717. He mar- 
ried Elizabeth H(Hnes. They resided at 
Plympton. Children: Elizabeth, married 
James Magoon; Molly, married John Church- 
ill; John, married Eunice Loring; Priscilla, 
married Nathaniel Rider; Perez, married 

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1 1 14 


Sarah Prince and Lydia Cushman; Lydia, 
married Levi Bryant; Oliver, mentioned be- 
low; William, married Polly Soule; Mercy, 
married Holmes Sears ; Sarah, married Jabez 

(VIII) Oliver, son of John (2) Bradford, 
was born in 1759 at Plympton. He was a 
soldier in the revolution for six months in 
1780. On enlisting he gave his age as twenty- 
one; his complexion was described as ruddy 
and his height, five feet, eight inches, his resi- 
dence Plympton. He served for a time under 
Captain Daniel Shays, afterward famous as 
the leader of the Shays Rebellion, and was 
discharged January 9, 1781, after serving six 
months and seventeen days. (See "Mass. Sol- 
diers and Sailors in the Revolution," vol. II, 
p. 405). He married Sarah Qiipman. He 
had a son Valentine, mentioned below. 

(IX) Valentine, son of Oliver Bradford, 
was horn in Plympton in 1792. He married 
Jane Packard and settled in North Rochester, 
Massachusetts. Their daughter, Maria Snell, 
bom August 28, 1828, married James Lee 
Humphrey (see Humphrey III). 

Richard Kimball, the immi- 
KIMBALL grant ancestor, was from the 
parish of Rattlesden, county 
Suffolk, England, where his son Henry was 
baptized August 12, 161 5. He married Ursula, 
daughter of Henry Scott, of Rattlesden. The 
will of Henry Scott, dated September 24, 1624, 
was proved in the arch-deaconry of Sudbury, 
January 10, following, and he was buried in 
Rattlesden, December 24, 1624. The will 
mentions Abigail, Henry, Elizabeth and Rich- 
ard Kimball, his grandchildren, who were the 
children of Henry and Ursula (Scott) Kim- 
ball; also his wife Martha and sons Roger 
and Thomas Scott, the latter of whom came 
to America in the same ship with Richard 
Kimball and Martha Scott, the widow, aged 
sixty years. The family came in the ship 
"Elizabeth" of Ipswich, sailing April 30, 1634. 
The ages of the family as then given were: 
Richard, thirty-nine, with wife Ursula and 
children — Henry, fifteen; Elizabeth, thirteen; 
Richard, eleven; Mary, nine; Martha, five; 
John, three; Thomas, one. They settled at 
Watertown, where Henry Kimball, aged for- 
ty-two, and family, also settled. This Henry 
is thought to have been a brother ; he came in 
the same ship. 

The home lot of Richard Kimball was six 
acres on the Cambridge line, now in the city 
of Cambridge, near the comer of Huron ave- 
nue and Appleton street. He was admitted 
a freeman, May 6, 1635, and was a proprietor 
of the town in 1636-37. Soon afterward he 

moved to Ipswich, where the settlers required 
the services of a wheelwright, and he followed* 
bis trade here, and also carried on a farm. 
The town granted him a house lot, February 
23, 1637, next adjoining that of Goodwin Si- 
monds at the west end of the town. He was 
granted at the same time forty acres beyond 
the North river, near land of Robert Scott. 
In 1641 he was mentioned as one of the com- 
moners of Ipswich, and elected a selectman, 
March i, 1645. He had various other grants 
of land and served on various town commit- 
tees. He was one of the executors of the 
estate of his brother-in-law, Thomas Scott, 
who died in February, 1653-54. He was one 
of the proprietors of Plum Island. 

He married (second) October 23, 1661, 
Margaret Dow, widow of Henry Dow, of 
Hampton, New Hampshire. She died March 
I, 1675-76. His will was dated March 5, 1674, 
and proved September 28, 1675. He died 
June 22, 1675, aged eighty years. Children: 
Abigail, born at Rattlesden, died in Salisbury, 
June 17, 1675; Henry, bom 1615; Elizabeth, 
1621; Richard, 1623; Mary, 1625; Martha, 
1629; John, mentioned below > Thomas, 1633; 
Sarah, 1635 ; Benjamin, born at Ipswich, 1637 ; 
Caleb, 1639. 

(II) John, son of Richard Kimball, was 
born at Rattlesden, county Suffolk, England, 
in 1631. He came to America with his father, 
in 1634, and he settled in Ipswich, Massachu- 
setts, where he died May 6, 1698. He said 
that he was thirty-five years old, in a deposi- 
tion in 1666, and in a deposition of 1684, when 
he was fifty-three years old, he and his 
nephew, Philip Fowler, declared "that Mary, 
wife of Thomas Patch, Abigail Bosworth, 
(probably wife of Haniniel Bosworth, who 
Richard Sr., calls cousin in his will), and 
Elizabeth Spofford were daughters of Thomas 
Scott Sr." He was appointed attorney for 
Thomas Scott, of Stamford, Connecticut, in 
1656; Thomas was son of Thomas Scott Sr., 
Ipswich, and brother-in-law of his father, 
Richard Kimball. John Kimball, like his 
father, was a wheelwright, but also carried 
on farming on a large scale, and bought and 
sold land frequently. On October 16, 1665, 
he was appointed executor of Bridget Brad- 
street's will. He took the covenant in the 
church, March 8, 1673. His will was dated 
March 18, 1697-98, and in it he mentioned his 
sons Richard, John and Moses, and six daugh- 
ters, sons Benjamin and Joseph. He disposed 
of his real estate before his death. 

He married, about 1655, Mary Bradstreet, 
bom in England in 1633. Her father and 
mother also came in Governor Winthrop's 
ship. Some authorities state that John mar- 

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ried (second) Mary Jordan, but this is an 
error (see Kimball Genealogy). Children, 
born in Ipswich: John, November 8, 1657, 
died February 24, 1658; Mary, December 10, 
1658; Sarah, July 20, 1661; Hannah, died 
young; Rebecca, born February, 1663-64; 
Richard, September 22, 1665 ; Elizabeth, Sep- 
tember 22, 1665; Abigail, March 22, 1667; 
John, March 16, 1668; Benjamin, July 22, 
1670; Moses, September, 1672; Aaron, Janu- 
ary, 1674, died probably before his father, as 
he is not mentioned in the will ; Joseph, men- 
tioned below. 

(III) Joseph, son of John Kimball, was 
bom in Ipswich, Massachusetts, January 24, 
1675, died in 1761. He received from his 
father by deed, April 29, 1696, the southern 
end of his farm, bounding on the common in 
Ipswich, where he lived. His will was proved 
December 14, 1761, and his son Daniel was 
executor; he mentioned his granddaughter 
Mary, daughter of Stephen Kimball, late of 
Dracut, deceased, and also his daughters, 
Mercy and Eunice Skillon. He married Sarah 

. Children, born in Ipswich: Sarah, 

July 19, 1700, died December 4, 1700; Joseph, 
April 12, 1702; Philemon, about 1704; Eunice, 
about 1706; Mercy, about 1708; Daniel, No- 
vember II, 1710; Stephen, December 27, 1713; 
Joshua, December 18, 171 5; Dean, mentioned 

(IV) Dean, son of Joseph Kimball, was 
born in Ipswich, September, 1717, died in 1771. 
He lived in Ipswich and in Gloucester, Rhode 
Island. His will was dated May 22, 1771, 
and his wife Abigail was executrix. He mar- 
ried Abigail . Children: Benjamin, 

bom November 14, 1742; Amos, married, June 
29, 1769, Mary Battey; Sarah, married, Janu- 
ary 31, 1768, Benjamin Burgess; Elizabeth; 
Rhoda; Joshua, died 181 7; Dean, mentioned 

(V) Dean (2), son of Dean (i) Kimball, 
was born in Johnston, Rhode Island, Septem- 
ber 26, 1744, died January 10, 1814. He mar- 
ried Thankful Williams (see Williams IV), 
born May 6, 1743, died September 7, 1821. 
She was a descendant of Roger Williams, men- 
tioned elsewhere in this work. Children, born 
in Scituate, Rhode Island: Jarvis, mentioned 
below; Abigail, born January 15, 1772. 

(VI) Jarvis, son of Dean (2) Kimball, was 
bom in Scituate, Rhode Island, January 21, 
1770, died July 18, 1837. He married, in 1788, 
Phebe Irons, born October 5, 1770, died at 
Gloucester, Rhode Island, September 8, 1830. 
Children, born in Scituate: Thankful, born 
September 19, 1789; Stephen, February 3, 
1791, died October 14, 1795; Sally Ann, May 
14, 1792; Dean, mentioned below. 

(VII) Dean (3), son of Jarvis Kimball, 
was bom* at Scituate, Rhode Island, January 
24, 1795. He was brought up by his grand- 
father. Dean Kimball, after the death of his 
mother. He was a farmer. He moved to 
Warwick, Rhode Island, in 1842, and lived 
there until 1854. He then moved to Provi- 
dence, where he lived the remainder of his 
life, and died May i, 1875. He was buried in 
the family burying-ground in Scituate. In 
politics he was a Whig, later a Republican, 
and he served as a member of the Dorr legis- 
lature. He married. May 19, 1816, Lydia 
Luther, bom in 1792, daughter of Benja- 
min and Wait (Sheldon) Luther, of Johns- 
ton, Rhode Island. Benjamin Luther, who 
was son of Consider Luther, and his brother 
Stephen fought at Bunker Hill. Children: 
I. Phebe Alvira, bom January 9, 1817; 
married Isaac Johnson Kelton ; died April 
9, 1892. 2. Amy Dexter, born August i, 
1818, died Febmary 26, 1820. 3. Maria, 
born July 8, 1820; married, 1840, Joseph 
Clark Potter, of Providence; died in St. 
Louis, Missouri, March 27, 1896. 4. Fen- 
ner, bom October 6, 1822; was a member of 
the Wisconsin legislature, president of the 
Bower City Bank; died March 6, 1899, at 
Janesville, Wisconsin. 5. Emeline, bom Sep- 
tember 2, 1824; married Job Johnson, of Scit- 
uate; died September 10, 1864. 6. Louise, 
born May 11, 1826, died October 4, 1843, i^ 
Warwick, Rhode Island. 7. Emery Sheldon, 
mentioned below. 8. Sarah Frances, born 
June 6, 1832; married. May 19, 1853, John 
Harvey Higgins, of Woonsocket, Rhode 
Island, where she died April 6, 1906. 

(VIII) Emery Sheldon, son of Dean (3) 
Kimball, was born in Scituate, Rhode Island, 
March 21, 1830. Two years before he was 
twelve years old he worked in the mills, "piec- 
ing backside of mules" for William Roberts. 
In the fall of 1842 he went to Providence, 
where he lived with his brother-in-law, J. C. 
Potter, and attended school. Later he joined 
his parents in Warwick. When he was six- 
teen years of age, in 1846, he went to East 
Greenwich, Rhode Island, where he learned 
the painting business, under his brother, Fen- 
ner Kimball. He shipped for New Orleans 
when he was eighteen years old, working there 
on towboats, but was taken ill and had to re- 
turn home. He was a house painter in Boston 
from J 852 to 1854, and then became engaged 
to work for D. D. Sweet & Company, in the 
sash, blind and glazing business on Canal street 
in Providence. Here he remained until 1866, 
and with the money which he had saved, 
$1,700, he began a grocery business at the 
comer of Marshall and Westminster streets. 

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where he remained for three years. Then he 
moved the business to the comer 'of Almy 
and Westminster streets, and took Joshua Col- 
well as a partner. The firm of Kimball & Col- 
well, in 1873, bought out Baggs & Williams, 
pork packers on Washington street, and Mr. 
Kimball remained in this business until 1891. 
He was then compelled to retire from active 
business because of ill health. He is a mem- 
ber of the Odd Fellows, Canonicus Lodge and 
Narragansett Encampment. He married, No- 
vember 22, 1854, Mary Charlotte Briggs, born 
November 12, 1832, daughter of Gideon Carr 
and Mercy (Greene) Briggs (see Greene IX). 
Child, Charles Dean, mentioned below. 

(IX) Hon. Charles Dean Kimball, only son 
of Emery Sheldon Kimball, was born Septem- 
ber 13, 1859, in Providence, Rhode Island, on 
Christian Hill, High street, now Westminster. 
His early education was received in the public 
schools of his native city. After working six 
months for the firm of Rice, Draper & Com- 
pany, wholesale dealers in paints and oils, he 
entered the employ of his father's firm, Kim- 
ball & Col well, and in 1892 he succeeded to 
his father's interests in the business. He had 
been admitted to the firm in 1888. In 1899 
Mr. Colwell died and was succeeded by his 
son, Louis N. Colwell, who had also been a 
partner. The firm name remained the same 
until 1900, when the business was incorporated 
under the laws of Rhode Island as the Kim- 
ball & Colwell Company, of which Mr. Kim- 
ball became the treasurer. The business of 
the house has grown to large proportions, ex- 
tending from Boston to Jacksonville, Florida. 
Mr. Kimball ranks among the foremost busi- 
ness men of the city of Providence. He is 
also treasurer of What Cheer Beef Company 
of Providence, and president of the Fall River 
Provision Company of Fall River, both of 
which were founded by the Kimball & Colwell 

His public career began in 1894 when he 
was elected to the Rhode Island house of rep- 
resentatives from the city of Providence. 
From year to year he was re-elected to the 
general assembly until 1900 when he was 
chosen lieutenant-governor of the state. He 
was an able and efficient legislator, serving on 
important committees and exerting a wide in- 
fluence. He was a leader of the Republican 
party in city and state. Owing to the death of 
Governor Gregory, December 16, 1901^ Mr. 
Kimball became acting governor. As he had 
just then been re-elected lieutenant-governor, 
he was duly inaugurated as governor of the 
state of Rhode Island and Providence Planta- 
tions, January 7, 1902, and served one year. 
He was the first governor inaugurated in the 

new capitol. While in the legislature Mr. 
Kimball was chairman of the committee on 
special legislation. He was at the head of an im- 
portant special committee which investigated 
the cotton industry and of the special com- 
mittee that investigated the State College of 
Agriculture and Mechanic Arts at Kingston. 
He served on the special committee to revise 
the state constitution and of the committee 
which revised the rules and orders of the 
house of representatives and framed the new 
rules that have since been in force. As lieu- 
tenant-governor he was elected a member of 
the senate committee to investigate the trans- 
fer system of street railways- in the state. As 
governor Mr. Kimball recommended the re- 
vision of the personal property tax laws, the 
giving of the veto power to the governor, and 
advocated biennial elections. 

Mr. Kimball is president of the board of 
managers of the Rhode Island College of 
Agriculture and Mechanic Arts at Kingston. 
He is a member of the Sons of the American 
Revolution, the Descendants of Roger Wil- 
liams, the Rhode Island Society of Colonial 
Wars, the Rhode Island Historical Society, the 
Rhode Island Business Men's Association, the 
First Light Infantry Veterans' Association, the 
Board of Trade, Pomham, Unitarian, Provi- 
dence Central and Commercial clubs. He at- 
tends the Unitarian church. He is a Royal 
Arch Mason and a member of St. John's Com- 
mandery. Knights Templar. 

He married, November 24, 1885, Gertrude 
C. Greenhalgh, of Providence, daughter of 
John B. and Lavinia (Reynolds) Greenhalgh. 
They have one child, Marian Dean, born Jan- 
uary 30, 1887; married, October 18, 191 1, 
Ralph V. Hadley, of Providence, who is a 
graduate of Brown University and the Har- 
vard Law School, and is engaged in the prac- 
tice of law, associated with the firm of Green- 
ough, Easton & Cross, of Providence. 

(The Wmiams Line). 

(II) Daniel Williams, son of Roger Wil- 
liams (q. v.), was born in February, 1642, died 
May 14, 1712. He lived in Providence, Rhode 
Island. On February 24, 1661, he and his 
brother Joseph were each granted a full pur- 
chase right on the same terms as the original 
purchasers, because of "some courtesies" re- 
ceived by the proprietors of Providence from 
their father. None others were given this 
privilege. On February 19, 1665, Daniel Wil- 
liams had lot II in a division of lands. He 
took the oath of allegiance, February 19, 1665, 
and was juryman in 1675-79-85-1709. On 
July I, 1679, he was taxed and was in that 
year on a committee to levy a rate. He was 

Digitized by 




surveyor of highways, June 7, 1680 ; hay war- 
den, 1695-98. He purchased a house and lot 
of Valentine Whitman, March 6, 1685. On 
December 24, 1700, arbitrators decided that 
he should have charge of a fulling mill which 
he and William Hawkins had built on Hawk- 
ins' land, for thirty years, paying Hawkins 
eight pounds; if the mill was idle two years 
or was not kept suitable for service, it was to 
go to Hawkins; otherwise it was to revert to 
Hawkins or his heirs at the end of the thirty 
years. In the year 1710 he wrote of his 
father: "If a covetous man had that oppor- 
tunity as he had most of this town would 
have been his tenants I believe." On May 9, 
1712, he deeded land to his sons, Providence, 
Roger, and Joseph, and to daughter Patience. 
On June 23, 171 2, his widow was made ad- 
ministratrix of his estate. He owned three 
negroes whom he bequeathed to his children, 
who were to free them after a time if they 
proved good and profitable. He married, De- 
cember 7, 1676, Rebecca Power, widow of 
Nicholas Power. She died in 1727, daughter 
of Zachariah and Joan (Arnold) Rhodes. 
Children, born in Providence: Mary, married 
Epenetus Olney; Peleg, mentioned below; 
Roger, born May, 1680; Daniel, died after 
1738; Patience, married William Ashton; 
Providence, born 1690; Joseph, died March 

4, 1739- 

(III) Peleg, son of Daniel Williams, was 
bom in Providence, died in February, 1766. 
He lived in Providence and Johnston, Rhode 
Island. Between the years 1740 and 1751 he 
deeded away a large amount of land to his 
five sons; in 1740 to Peleg one hundred and 
eighteen acres, and to Silas one hundred and 
fifty acres in Gloucester and Scituate; in 1741 
to Robert two hundred and forty-eight acres ; 
in 1744 to Timothy one hundred and ninety- 
two acres in Scituate; and in 175 1 to Daniel 
two hundred and sixty acres, Robert also re- 
ceiving that amount at the same time. The 
inventory of his estate was dated June 12, 
1779, and amounted to six hundred and 
eighty-four pounds, his son Robert being ad- 
ministrator. He married Elizabeth, daughter 
of Timothy and Hannah (Burton) Carpenter. 
Children : Daniel, Robert, Silas, mentioned be- 
low ; Peleg, Timothy, Freelove, Elizabeth. 

(IV) Silas, son of Peleg Williams, was 
born in Providence or Johnston in 171 2, died 
December 13, 1802. He lived in Gloucester, 

Rhode Island. He married Hannah , 

born 1720, died May, 1791. Children: Reu- 
ben, married, April 27, 1774, Mary Barnes; 
Hannah; Thankful, married Dean Kimball 
(see Kimball). 

(The Greene Line). 

(I) Robert Greene, the English ancestor, 
was of Gillingham. In 1545 his name is on 
the Rolls of Exchequer. Children : Peter, heir 
to Gillingham; Richard, mentioned below; 
John ; Alice, married Small. 

(II) Richard, son of Robert Greene, made 
a will dated May 10, 1606, proved May 3, 
1608, and in it he mentioned his children and 
grandchildren. Children: Richard, mentioned 
below ; Katherine, married Turner. 

(III) Richard (2), son of Richard (i) 

Greene, married Mary . Children: 

Peter; Richard, died 1616, of Canon's close, 
Salisbury, Wiltshire; Robert, of Cucklington, 
Somerset; John, mentioned below; Rebecca; 
Mary; Rachel; Anne, baptized August 31, 
1595; Thomas, baptized May 13, 1599, died 
August, 1599; daughter. 

(IV) John, son of Richard (2) Greene, was 
the immigrant ancestor. He was born in 1597, 
probably at Bowridge Hall, Gillingham, county 
Dorset, where his father and grandfather re- 
sided. He was a surgeon at Salisbury, Wilt- 
shire, England, where he married (first) in 
1619. He sailed for this country from South- 
ampton, England, in the ship "J^m^s," April 
6, 1635, arriving in Boston June 3 the same 
year. He lived in Salem, Massachusetts, a 
short time, and in 1637 was of New Provi- 
dence, where he was brought before court for 
speaking contemptuously of the magistrates, 
and fined twenty pounds and ordered to re- 
main out of the jurisdiction of Massachusetts. 
In 1638 he sent a letter to the court charging 
it with usurping the power of Christ and men's 
consciences, and again was ordered not to 
come within the jurisdiction under penalty of 
imprisonment. On October 8, 1638, he was 
one of the twelve to whom Roger Williams 
deeded land purchased of Canonicus and Mian- 
tonomi. In 1639 he was one of the twelve 
original members of the Baptist church. In 

1642 and 1643 he made purchases of land. In 

1643 h^ ^^^ others were summoned to Massa- 
chusetts court to hear the complaint of Pom- 
ham and Socconocco as to "some unjust and 
injurious dealing toward them by yourselves." 
The Warwick men refused to appear, declar- 
ing they were subjects of England and not 
under Massachusetts authority, and soldiers 
were, sent to take them. They were besieged 
and all but Greene were taken to Boston, he 
fortunately escaping the imprisonment. In 

1644 he and two others went to England to 
obtain redress for their wrongs and were suc- 
cessful in their purpose. He served as com- 
missioner in 1654-55-56-57; was made free- 
man in 1655. His will was dated December 

Digitized by 




28, 1658, and proved January 7, 1659. In 
1668 his widow deeded the house and estate 
to her step-son, John Greene. John Greene 
married (first) in Salisbury, England, No- 
vember 4, 1619, Joan Tattersall; (second) 

Alice Daniels, widow, died 1643; (third) , 

bom 1601, died March 10, 1688. Children: 
John, born 1620; Peter, 1622; Richard, 1623, 
died young ; James, mentioned below ; Thomas, 
1628; Joan, 1630; Mary, 1633. 

(V) James, son of John Greene, was bom 
in 1626, died April 2T, 1698. He lived in 
Warwick. He was made freeman in 1655; 
commissioner in 1660-61-62-63,^ deputy to the 
general court in 1664-65-66-67-68-69-70-72-73- 
74-75-85-86-90; assistant in 1670-71. In 1697 
he deeded land to his son James. He was 
great-grandfather of Major-General Nathaniel 
Greene. His will was dated March 22, 1698, 
and proved May 2, 1698. He married (first) 
Deliverance Potter, born 1637, died about 
1664, daughter of Robert and Isabel Potter. 
He married (second) August 3, 1665, Eliza- 
beth Anthony, who died after 1698, daughter 
of John and Susanna Anthony. Children, born 
in Warwick: James, born June i, 1658; Mary, 
September 28, 1660; Elisha, March 17, 1663; 
Sarah, March 27, 1664. By second wife: 
Peter, August 25, 1666; Elizabeth, October 17, 
1668; John, February i, 1671 ; Jabez, men- 
tioned below ; David, June 24, 1677 1 Thomas, 
November 11, 1682; John, September 30, 
1685 ; Susanna, May 24, 1688. 

(VI) Jabez, son of James Greene, was born 
in Warwick, May 17, 1673. His wife Mary 
died March 6, 1712-13. Children: Susanna, 
born January 30, 1699; James, April 24, 1701, 
married Elizabeth Gould, 1727; Benjamin, 
Febmary 16, 1703-04, married Ann Hoxsie, 
November 27, 1735, at Warwick; Jabez, July 
26, 1705 ; Nathaniel, November 4, 1707, mar- 
ried Phebe Greene; John, mentioned below; 
Rufus, June 2, 1712. These six brothers 
formed a copartnership for the manufacture 
and smelting of iron at Potownmet and Cov- 
entry. John, next mentioned, was said to be 
the leader. One of these sons was the father 
of Major-General Nathaniel Greene. 

(VII) John, son of Jabez Greene, was born 
in Warwick, February 14, 1709-10. He mar- 
ried, February 10 or 16, 1744, Ann Greene, 
widow of Benjamin Greene, daughter of 

(VIII) Gideon, son of John (2) Greene, 
was born 1749-50. He married Mercy, daughter 
of Daniel Howland, of East Greenwich, Febru- 
ary 23, 1769. He died November 26, 1824. 
Daniel Howland was son of Daniel, grandson 
of Daniel, great-grandson of Zoeth, son of the 

immigrant, Henry Howland. John Howland, 
brother of Henry, came in the "Mayflower." 
Zoeth was a Quaker and one of those perse- 
cuted at Plymouth. Mary Sampson, wife of 
the first Daniel Howland, was of Mayflower 
stock. Children of Gideon, bom at Coventry : 
Hannah, born April 25, 1770; Howland, No- 
vember 20, 1771 ; Judith, July 24, 1773; Lloyd, 
mentioned below; John, Febmary 15, 1777; 
Philadelphia, March 17, 1778; Lucianna, April 
17, 1780; John, January 27, 1782; Gideon, 
February 24, 1784; Daniel, September 9, 1788. 
(IX) Lloyd, son of Gideon Greene, was 
born at Coventry, Rhode Island, May 3, 1775. 
His daughter Mercy, married Gideon Can* 
Briggs. Their daughter, Mary C. Briggs, 
married Emery Sheldon Kimball (see Kimball 


John Sheldon, the immigrant 
SHELDON ancestor, was born in Eng- 
land in 1630, died in 1708. 
He settled at Providence, Rhode Island, as 
early as 1675. and was a tanner by trade. He 
testified, Febmary 23, 1675, in relation to the 
corn mill at Pawtuxet, Rhode Island, that he 
was forty-five years old. He deeded land. 
May 18, 1685, to his eldest son Timothy, and 
on the same day sixty acres to John and Nicho- 
las, his sons. He was taxed in 1687; deputy 
to the general assembly in 1702. He deeded 
the homestead to his son Nehemiah, March 
20, 1708, on condition that he maintain his 
father the remainder of his life. He married, 

in 1660, Joan, daughter of and Fridge- 

with (Carpenter) Vincent. The intentions of 
marriage were dated March 6, and March 24, 
1659. Children: Timothy, born March 29, 
1661 ; John; Mary, married Stephen Amold; 
Nicholas, mentioned below; Nehemiah, born 

(II) Nicholas, son of John Sheldon, lived 
in Providence, Rhode Island, and died there 
November 23, 1747. He married Abigail, born 
in March, 1674, died in 1744, daughter of 
Pardon and Lydia (Tabor) Tillinghast. Chil- 
dren, born in Providence: Sarah; Nicholas, 
born 1696 ; Joseph, 1698 ; Pardon, 1701 ; Lydia, 
married Elisha Arnold ; Abigail, married Rich- 
ard Fenner; Hannah, married Edward 
Arnold: Mercy, married Thomas Fenner; 
Jeremiah, mentioned below. 

(III) Jeremiah, son of Nicholas Sheldon, 
was born in Providence, Rhode Island. He 
was executor of his father*s estate. His will 
was proved December 20, 1784, and in it he 
bequeathed to his wife, Hannah, several daugh- 
ters of his son Pardon, deceased, daughters 
Mercy Mathewson, Wait Luther and Amey 

Digitized by 



1 1 19 

Smith, and to sons John and Jeremiah; Jere- 
miah, mentioned below, was executor of the 
estate. He lived in Johnston, Rhode Island. 

(IV) Jeremiah (2), son of Jeremiah (i) 
Sheldon, received by his father's will the 
homestead in Johnston, Rhode Island. His 
will was proved May 28, 1812, and in it he 
mentioned his sons Angell and Charles, his 
daughter Sarah, sons Jeremiah, Nicholas, 
William, Tillinghast, Israel and Job. He mar- 
ried Avis, daughter of Abraham and Anna 
(Smith) Angell. They -were descended from 
Thomas Angell, who came from England in 
the ship "Lion" with Roger Williams in 163 1 ; 
Thomas's son John married Ruth Field; he 
was father of Daniel who married Hannah 
Winsor; their son Joshua married Elizabeth 
Taylor, and Joshua was father of Abraham, 
father of Avis Angell. Abraham Angell was 
a farmer in Scituate, Rhode Island, and ac- 
cording to the family tradition served in the 
revolution as an officer. Children of Jeremiah 
and Avis (Angell) Sheldon, bom in Johnston: 
Angell, hved in Johnston; Charles, born 1791, 
lived in Providence: Jeremiah, lived in War- 
ren, Ohio; William; Sarah, married William 
Sweet: Nicholas, mentioned below; Tilling- 
hast, bom 1803, lived in Scituate; Joseph, 
born 1805; lived at Scituate; Israel, went 
west; Job, Hved in New Haven, Connecticut. 

(V) Nicholas (2), son of Jeremiah (2) 
Sheldon, was born at Johnston, Rhode Island, 
in 1800. He lived in Providence. He mar- 
ried Harriet Sweetser. Children: Elizabeth, 
born in 1823, died in 1824; Helen Maria, bom 
in 1825, married Samuel Jacobs ; Sarah Sweet- 
ser, born in 1827, married J. Sackett; Nicho- 
las, mentioned below ; Harriet Elizabeth, mar- 
ried Jenckes; Rebecca Olney, never 


(VI) Nicholas (3), son of Nicholas (2) 
Sheldon, was born in Providence, Rhode 
Island, March i, 1830, died there August 15, 
191 1. He received his early education in the 
public schools of his native city and was for 
two years a student in the Providence high 
school. After a rather brief service in the 
cotton yard business in the employ of a con- 
cern at 64 North Main street, he went to the 
New England Screw Company, the factory of 
which was located on Eddy street, and he was 
associated in business with Henry L. Kendall 
as long as Mr. Kendall lived. When the 
Sloane machine patent for making gimlet 
pointed screws was secured by Mr. Angell of 
the Eagle Screw Company, the New England 
Screw Company and the Eagle Screw Com- 
pany were merged into one concern under the 
name of the American Screw Company, but 
Mr. Kendall declined to be a party to the 

merger and sold his stock in the company and 
established the Kendall Manufacturing Com- 
pany at its present location in Providence. 
Mr. Sheldon remained with Mr. Kendall and 
entered the new enterprise as a partner, con- 
tinuing an active and influential factor in the 
business as long as he lived. He was for fifty- 
one years active in the firm and corporation 
and after the business was incorporated as 
the Kendall Manufacturing Company. Even 
after he was eighty years old he was at his 
desk almost every day until about three months 
before he died, when ill health compelled him 
to lessen his activities. During the last months 
of his life he sought by rest and recreation to 
regain his health and made only occasional 
visits to his place of business. His last sick- 
ness was brief. He died at his home, 219 
Hope street. At the time of death he was 
one of the oldest residents in the city, and for 
a number of years had been one of the oldest 
men in active business. 

Mr. Sheldon was an able, astute and suc- 
cessful man of business. His position as 
treasurer of the great industrial concern which 
he helped so much to maintain and develop 
brought him into intimate personal acquaint- 
ance with the leading banking men and 
financiers of the city, among whom he took 
high rank for ability and integrity and com- 
manded their utmost respect and confidence. 
He was a director of the National Exchange 
Bank, and from 1883, when he succeeded 
Henry L. Kendall, to 1903, was president; 
trustee of the Providence Public Library and 
chairman of its finance and building commit- 
tee. Mr. Sheldon was self-made and his path 
to success and wealth was not easy. To his 
mother he owed much for her noble example 
of courage, industry and good management. 
His early life of thrift and hard work was 
doubtless the foundation of his character and 
the secret of his long life and substantial suc- 
cess. He was energetic, resourceful, persever- 
ing and steered his business craft wisely and 
safely in good weather and bad. He knew 
his business in the minutest detail and was 
thorough and painstaking. In politics he was 
a Republican, in religion he was a member of 
the Unitarian church, and was very active in 
the work of the same. He was a member of 
the Squantum Association, the Hope and 
Rhode Island Country clubs. 

He married Mary Jane, daughter of Wil- 
liam H. and Susan (Pettis) Dart, of Provi- 
dence. Children: William Dart, who died in 
Providence, married Mary Bullard; Helen, 
who is the wife of B. Thomas Potter, of Provi- 

Digitized by 


1 120 


The Shapleigh family is of 

SHAPLEIGH ancient English origin. 
Their coat-of-arms : Vert, 
a chevron between three escallops argent. 
Crest: an arm vested gules turned up argent 
holding in the hand, proper, a chaplet vert, 
garnished with roses of the first. 

(I) Alexander Shapleigh, the immigrant an- 
cestor, was born in Totnes, England, and sailed 
to America from Kingsweare, near Dart- 
mouth, Devonshire, Elngland, in his own ship, 
"Benediction," and in 1639, according to a 
deposition made by his servant, Thomas Jones, 
he was living near Sturgeon Creek, Maine. 
He was the first man to build a house on Kit- 
tery Point, Maine, as well as a warehouse on 
Piscataqua river, 1635. The records of the 
York court of 1650 say : "For as much as the 
house at river's mouth, where Mr. Shapleigh 
first bylt, and Hilton now dwelleth, in regard 
it was the first house bylt." Members of the 
family held offices of trust under the British 
Crown for successive generations, and they 
were rewarded by landed possessions which 
are still owned by members of the family, 
having been in the family for nearly three 
hundred years. Alexander Shapleigh prob- 
ably died at Kittery about 1650. He was a 
merchant and ship-owner, and representative 
for Sir Ferdinando Gorges. Children: i. 
Alexander, mentioned below. 2. Catharine, 
married (first) Ensign James Treworgy ; (sec- 
ond) Edward Hilton of Exeter, New Hamp- 
shire. 3. Major Nicholas, born about 1610, 
married Alice, daughter of Widow Ann Me- 
sant; he was a very prominent man in the 
Province of Maine: served from 1644 to 1652 
as a member of the council, and as treasurer 
of the province from 1649 ^ ^653 ; comman- 
der of the militia, 1653 ^^ 1663 ; made a treaty 
with the Sagamore Indians April 12, 1^8, 
and was attorney for the lord proprietor, Rob- 
ert Mason ; selectman, deputy and representa- 
tive to the Massachusetts general court until 
his death. 

(H) Alexander (2), son of Alexander (i) 
Shapleigh, was born about 1606 and died in 
England in 1642. He had an only son, John, 
mentioned below. 

(HI) Ensign John Shapleigh, son of Alex- 
ander (2) Shapleigh, was born about 1640. 
He lived in Kittery, Maine, where he was a 
prominent man. He served as selectman, 
representative, ensign, and served in Queen 
Anne's war. In 1^0 his house was one of 
the ten garrisons. He was killed by the In- 
dians, April 29, 1706. Because of the Indian 
ravages at the time of the first year of Queen 
Anne's war, a petition was sent from Kittery 
to the general court, that the taxes for 1704 

be lessened, the petition being dated Decem- 
ber 28, 1704, and signed by the selectmen, 
among them John Shapleigh. On September 
26, 1699, he was on a committee to decide 
about the minister's salary. In 1673 he mar- 
ried Sarah, daughter of Thomas Withers. 
Children: Alexander, born about 1674; AHce, 
born about 1676; Nicholas, mentioned below; 
Mary, about 1684; Sarah, about 1687; John, 
about 1689. 

(IV) Major Nicholas Shapleigh, son of En- 
sign John Shapleigh; was born about 1680, 
lived and died in 1752 at Sandy Hill, Eliot, 
Maine. He was major of the colonial troops 
for a long time, and justice of the peace. At 
the time his father was killed by the Indians, 
1706, he was captured and carried to Canada, 
being later ransomed for three hundred 
pounds. Penhallow says that "in their march 
they were so inhumanly cruel that they bit off 
the tops of his fingers and to stagnate the blood 
seared them with hot tobacco pipes." He mar- 
ried, July 7, 1715, Martha, daughter of Cap- 
tain Tobias and Elizabeth (Sherburne) Lang- 
don of Portsmouth, New Hampshire. She 
was born March 7, 1693, and died several years 
after his death in 1752. Children; John, bom 
April 14, 1716; Sarah, November 13, 1717; 
Nicholas, mentioned below; Susannah, April 
30, 1722; Alexander, June 18, 1724; Samuel 
May 20, 1726; Ibbias, May 20, 1728; William, 
September 16, 1730. 

(V) Nicholas (2), son of Major Nicholas 
(i) Shapleigh, was born August 3, 1720, and 
was killed accidentally, in 1756, by a log fall- 
ing on him. He served in the colonial wars 
with the "Blue Trupe of York," in Sir Wil- 
liam Pepperiirs r^ment. He married, April 
7, 1748, Elizabeth, daughter of Captain Elisha 
and Hannah (Wheelwright) Plaisted. She 
married (second) Rev. Samuel Hill, (third) 
Richard Waldron of Dover; (fourth) Decem- 
ber 10, 1772, a Mr. Atkinson, and (fifth) June 
15, 1788, John Heard Bartlett of Eliot. She 
died about 1798. Children: Elisha, mentioned 
below; Nicholas, baptized February 24, 1751, 
died 1771. 

(VI) Captain Elisha Shapleigh, of York 
county, Maine, son of Nicholas (2) Shapleigh, 
was born March 10, 1749, and died March 11, 
1822, while visiting at Shapleigh, Maine. He 
married, April 3, 1770, Elizabeth, daughter of 
Colonel Richard Waldron of Dover, New 
Hampshire. He served in the revolution, in 
the First Company of Second York County 
Regiment, which he raised and equipped at 
his own expense for the Continental army, 
and commanded as captain. His wife died 
June 9, 1829, aged seventy-seven years. Chil- 
dren : Nicholas, bom May 23, 1771 : Betsey, 

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September 15, 1773; Richard Waldron, men- 
tioned below; Elisha, November 25, 1778; 
Hannah, March 9, 1781, died February 2, 
1785; Mary, March 9, 1782, died February 5, 
1785; Samuel, November 23, 1783; John, No- 
vember 23, 1786, died October 5, 1790; John, 
September 17, 1791 ; James Waldron, Febru- 
ary 2j, 1797. 

(VII) Richard Waldron Shapleigh, of 
Portsmouth, New Hampshire, son of Captain 
Elisha Shapleigh, was born February 25, 1776. 
He was master and owner of the ship "Gran- 
ville," which was wrecked off Rye Beach, New 
Hampshire, April 14, 1813, when he lost his 
life. He married, 1799, Dorothy, daughter of 
Sergeant Abner Blaisdell of Portsmouth, New 
Hampshire. She was born March 17, 1778, 
and died February 13, 1863. Sergeant Blais- 
dell served in the revolution in Captain Titus 
Salter's company of artillery at Fort Wash- 
ington, and later with Captain John Langdon's 
Light Horse Volunteers. Children : Elizabeth 
Waldron, born September 15, 1803, married, 
November 11, 1822, William Clark of Ports- 
mouth, and died August 30, 1884 ; Mary Cur- 
rier, bom March 4, 1805, died January 25, 
1888, married (first) August 21, 1824, Jona- 
than Brown, (second) August 20, 1837, Henry 
H. Smith of Philadelphia; Richard, bom Oc- 
tober 19, 1807, died October 30, 1826; Au- 
gustus Frederick, mentioned below. 

(VIII) Augustus Frederick, son of Richard 
Waldron Shapleigh, was born at Portsmouth, 
New Hampshire, January 9, 1810, and died 
at St. Louis, Missouri, February 2^, 1902. 
Owing to the untimely death of his father and 
the fact that it left the' family in straitened 
circumstances, he was compelled to leave 
school at an early age, beginning the battle of 
life at a time when more fortunate youths 
were still equipping themselves for the strug- 
gle. His first position was as clerk in a hard- 
ware store at Portsmouth, New Hampshire, 
wher^ in return for a year's services he re- 
ceived fifty dollars and boarded himself. He 
then tried three years of life at sea, but at his 
mother's request he gave this up and later se- 
cured employment with the hardware house 
of Rogers Brothers & Company, of Philadel- 
phia, beginning with them in 1829. This con- 
nection gave evidence of the man and the op- 
portunity meeting, and he quickly demon- 
strated his ability in this line of work. At the 
end of thirteen years with this firm, he had 
through successive promotions in recognition 
of his efficiency, reached the relation of junior 
partner. When in 1843 the company widened 
its field of operations and opened a branch in 
St. Louis, Missouri, it was but a natural se- 
quence that Mr. Shapleigh should be chosen 

to establish and organize this house, which he 
did under the firm name of Rogers, Shapleigh 
& Company, the name continuing until the 
death of the senior partner. For sixteen years 
thereafter the firm operated under the style of 
Shapleigh, Day & Company, Thomas D. Day 
having been admitted to the partnership. On 
the retirement of Mr. Day the firm became A. 
F. Shapleigh & Company, and thus continued 
in business until 1880. That year occurred 
the incorporation of the company under the 
name of the A. F. Shapleigh & Cantwell Hard- 
ware Company, which in 1888 became the A. 
F. Shapleigh Hardware Company, this name 
being retained until 1901 when Mr. Shapleigh 
retired ; the business was then reorganized as 
the Norvell-Shapleigh Hardware Company. 

Thus it will be seen that Mr. Shapleigh was 
head of this well known establishment from 
1843, and from its incorporation until his re- 
tirement, he acted as president. It is to his 
excellent business qualifications, resulting in 
careful systematization and execution of well 
defined plans and purposes, that the house to- 
day owes its reputation, there being none su- 
perior in the entire Mississippi Valley. Mr. 
Shapleigh had other and varied interests dur- 
ing his long and active business career, among 
them being the State Bank of St. Louis ; Mer- 
chants' National Bank; Phoenix Insurance 
Company, of which he was president; 
Covenant Mutual Life Insurance Company, of 
which he was vice-president ; the Hope Mining 
Company, and the Granite Mountain Mining 

He married, January 6, 1838, Elizabeth 
Ann Umstead, who was born March 25, 1818. 
Children: i. Frank, born September 18, 1838; 
married, June 6, i8(56, Mary Daggett, -and died 
January i, 1901. 2. George Marshall, born 
March i, 1844, died January 4, 1876; unmar- 
ried. 3. Lizzie Clark, January 15, 1847; iTiar- 
ried, June 2, 1869, John W. Boyd. 4. Emily 
Pierce, October 20, 1852, died January 14, 
1858. 5. Augustus F., September 12, 1854, 
now retired from business, but was formerly 
connected with a hardware company ; married, 
June 16, 1878, Mary Cunningham, had chil- 
dren: Fred W., born March 23, 1879, and 
Florine, June 11, 1886. 6. John Blaisdell, 
October 31, 1857, entered the hardware busi- 
ness at sixteen years of age, passed through 
successive departments, and is now president 
of the company. He has taken a prominent 
part in civic affairs, having served on the 
municipal, bridge and termmal commissions 
and is a member of various organizations, and 
of the St. Louis, the Noonday and the Country 
clubs. He is also connected with Christ Epis- 
copal Church; married, October 22, 1886, 

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Anna Merritt, and had children: Blaisdell, 
bom January 19, 1888, and Margaret, October 
4, 1890. 7. Dr. Richard Waldron Shapleigh, 
born September 28, 1859, graduated from 
Washington University, then attended lectures 
in Vienna, Austria ; a prominent physician, for- 
merly dean of Washington University Medical 
College, and now a member of the faculty and 
a well known speciaHst in Otology; married, 
September 22, 1886, Helen, daughter of Mar- 
shall Spring Shapleigh, and had one child, 
Dorothy, born August 5, 1887. 8. Alfred Lee, 
mentioned below. 

(IX) Alfred Lee, son of Augustus Fred- 
erick and Elizabeth Ann (Umstead) Shap- 
leigh, was born February 16, 1862, in St. Louis. 
He supplemented his early educational advan- 
tages by study in Washington University and 
began his business career as an employe of the 
Merchants' National Bank of St. Louis. One 
year later he entered the office of Thomson & 
Taylor, a coffee and spice house. This was a 
clerical position and he filled the same until 
November of that year, severing this connec- 
tion to enter upon one with the Mound City 
Paint & Color Company. Here he took up the 
duties of a cashier, remaining with this firm 
four years. As Mr. Shapleigh's changes were 
aJways in the nature of advancements, it was 
not surprising that in 1885 he became asso- 
ciated, as secretary, with the A. F. Shapleigh 
Hardware Company, which was founded by 
his father, and later, on July i, 1901, the Nor- 
vell-Shapleigh Hardware Company chose him 
for its treasurer, and in January, 191 2, he was 
also chairman of the board of directors. In 
these, as in all his business relations, he has 
put forth his best efforts to utilize every op- 
portunity presented, and to further the inter- 
ests both of himself and the companies with 
which he has been associated. 

The hardware trade, however, does not com- 
prise the extent of Mr. Shapleigh's business 
interests, for he is a man of resourceful ability 
and has done much to further the interests of 
other important concerns in financial lines. He 
is now president of the Shapleigh Investment 
Company, vice-president of the American 
Credit Indemnity Company of New York, and 
of the Merchants' Laclede National Bank of 
St. Louis. He is ex-president of St. Louis 
Mercantile Library, and was a director of the 
Louisiana Purchase Exposition Company, 
serving on the committees of the executive, 
concessions, education and international con- 
gresses. He is a director of the Washington 
University and vice-president of the Hospital, 
Saturday and Sunday Associations, and presi- 
dent of the Business Men's League. Among 
the other organizations to which Mr. Shap- 

leigh belongs may be mentioned: the Noon- 
day, the Commercial, the St. Louis, and the 
St. Louis Country clubs, the New Hampshire 
Society of the Cincinnati, the Society of Colo- 
nial Wars, and the Missouri Society of the 
Sons of the Revolution. Mr. Shapleigh has 
also his patriotic side and was for eleven years 
a member of the Missouri State Militia and 
served as captain and adjutant of the First 
Regiment and saw active service during his en- 
listment, being several times called out to sub- 
due strike riots. He has acted in the capacity of 
director and president of the Mercantile Qub, 
his terms of office extending from 1889 to 
1895. Mr. Shapleigh is a man of energy and 
remarkably quick perceptions and has accom- 
plished much in the business world on account 
of the possession of these faculties. His native 
city recognizes his worth and capabilities, as 
indeed she has reason to, in return for the aid 
and cooperation he has extended in furthering 
matters of public progress. He may be said 
to have justly earned the high degree of pros- 
perity which today he enjoys. 

Mr. Shapleigh married, November 21, 1888, 
Mina Wessel, a daughter of Augustus Wessel, 
of Cincinnati, Ohio. They have two children, 
Alexander Wessel, born August 22, 1890, and 
Jane Shapleigh, born May 29, 1895. 

This surname is derived, 
NICKERSON as are the names Nichol- 
son, Nickson, Nixon, etc., 
from the Christian name Nicholas. The fam- 
ily is very numerous on Cape Cod, and nearly 
all, if not all, persons of the name of Nicker- 
son are descended frbm the immigrant ances- 
tor mentioned below. 

(I) William Nickerson, the immigrant an- 
cestor, a weaver by trade, was born in Eng- 
land, in 1604, and came from Norwich, Eng- 
land, in April, 1637, with his wife Ann and 
four children, sailing in the ship "John and 
Dorothy," April 5, and landing in Boston, 
June 20. He went to Watertown, Massachu- 
setts, where he was admitted a freeman. May 
2, 1638. Removing to Yarmouth about 1646, 
he was representative from that town to the 
general court of Plymouth Colony in 1655. He 
bought land of the Indians at Manamoiet 
(Chatham) before December i, 1663, settled 
there soon after, and passed the remainder of 
his life there, dying about 1690. His sons-in- 
law, Robert Eldred (Eldridge). Tristram 
Hedges and Nathaniel Covell, were in court 
with him, October 31, 1666, on account of a 
letter he had written alleged to be defaming 
Governor Hinckley. As his lands were pur- 
chased without the permission of the author- 
ities of Plymouth Colony, he was engaged in 

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1 123 

long litigation, but finally was allowed the 
lands. He married Ann, eldest daughter of 
Nicholas and Bridget Busby, of Norwich, who 
came over in the same ship as the Nickersons. 
Ann was born about 1609; she received a 
legacy from her father in 1660. Children: 
Nicholas, mentioned below; Robert; Eliza- 
beth, married Robert Eldred; Ann, married 
Tristram Hedges; Samuel; John; William; 
Sarah, married Nathaniel Covell; Joseph. 

(H) Nicholas, son of WiHiam Nickerson, 
was bom in England, about 1630. He settled 
permanently in Yarmouth, dying there March 
26, 1681-82. He married Mary, probably 
daughter of John Derbe (Derby), one of the 
earliest settlers of Cape Cod. Children: 
Hester, born October, 1656, married Jonathan, 
son of Peregrine White, of Marshfield; Wil- 
liam, January 12, 1658; Elizabeth, December, 
1662; John, mentioned below; Mary, July 6, 
1668; Sarah, May i, 1674; Patience, April 3, 

(HI) John, son of Nicholas Nickerson, 
was bom at Yarmouth, Massachusetts, Sep- 
tember 10, 1664, died July 23, 1745. He mar- 
ried, August 19, 1696, Elizabeth Baker, of 
Yarmouth, who died after July 2, 1712. 
Among their children was Israel, mentioned 
below; Tabitha, June 15, 1714-15; Mercy, No- 
vember 22, 1715-16. 

(IV) Captain Israel Nickerson, son of John 
Nickerson, was born March 31, 1709, at Yar- 
mouth, Massachusetts, died at South Dennis, 
Massachusetts, January 31, 1772 (gravestone). 
He married, March 5, 1735-36, at Harwich, 
Hannah Small, of that town. She was bom 
August 20, 1 71 5, died at Dennis, March 2, 
1799 (gravestone at South Dennis). Children, 
born at Yarmouth: Israel, mentioned below; 
James, February 17, 1744; Patience, February 
16, 1749. 

(V) Lieutenant Israel (2) Nickerson, son 
of Captain Israel ( i ) Nickerson, was born at 
Yarmouth, Massachusetts, September 2, 1741, 
died there September 30, 1791. His grave- 
stone is in the South Dennis cemetery beside 
that of his father and mother. He was a sol- 
dier in the revolution, first lieutenant of Cap- 
tain Jonathan Crowell's company on the Lex- 
ington Alarm, April 19, 1775 (vol. xi, p. 437, 
"Mass. Sailors and Soldiers in the Revolu- 
tion"). He married, at Chatham, January 7, 
1768, Elizabeth Doane, born at Chatham, April 
18, 1744, died June 10, 1833, at Dennis. Among 
their children was Mulford, mentioned below. 

(VI) Mulford, son of Lieutenant Israel (2) 
Nickerson, was bom at Yarmouth, now Dennis, 
Massachusetts, July 28, 1782, died at Paw- 
tucket, Rhode Island, August 15, 1841. He 
lived at South Dennis and at Pawtucket. He 

married, at Dennis, August 31, 181 1, Esther 
Howes, bom at Yarmouth, January 11, 1791, 
died May 30, 1845, at Pawtucket. Among 
their children was Sparrow Howes, mentioned 

(VII) Sparrow Howes, son of Mulford 
Nickerson, was born at South Dennis, Massa- 
chusetts, April 5, 1821, died November 17, 
1881, at Providence, Rhode Island. He mar- 
ried (first) May 21, 1844, at Mendon (south 
parish, now the town of Blackstone), Eliza- 
beth Clarke Darling, born in Mendon, Massa- 
chusetts, December 11, 1825, died April 26, 
1879, at Providence. He married (second) 
June 8, 1880, at Providence, Julia Congdon 
Bourn. Children by first wife: Edward Irving, 
mentioned below ; daughter, died young. 

(VIII) Edward Irving, son of Sparrow 
Howes Nickerson, was born September 13, 
1845, 2it Pawtucket, Rhode Island. He was 
educated in the public schools of Pawtucket 
and Providence, and studied architecture in 
the office of Clifton A. Hall. He engaged in 
business in Providence and for forty years 
followed his profession there, achieving dis- 
tinction and success. Among the buildings 
that he designed and erected were : The chapel 
of the Beneficent Congregational Church, 
Chestnut street. Providence; the Dr. Carr 
house, corner of Beneiftt and Waterman streets; 
the Dickenson house, formerly the Maynard 
property, corner of Taber and • Angell streets ; 
WiHiam .H. Thurber's residence. Waterman 
and Wayland avenues-; Walter Richmond's 
residence, Governor and Waterman streets; 
the Grace Memorial Home in Olfteyville, and 
many other residences and buildings of high 
order oi architecture. 

He was a Fellow of the American Institute 
of Architecture and for many years secretary 
of the Rhode Island Chapter of that organiza- 
tion. He traveled extensively not only in this 
country, but abroad, visiting all parts of the 
globe, except the Orient, making no less than 
ten foreign trips. While in foreign countries 
he gathered rare articles of vertu, and filled 
his beautiful home with these treasures of art. 
He had one of the finest architectural libraries 
extant. After he died it was given by his 
daughter to the Providence Public Library. In 
religion he was an Episcopalian, a member of 
Grace Church of Providence. In politics he 
was a Republican. He was also a member of 
the Hope Club of Providence, the University 
Club of that city, the Agawam Hunt Club, the 
Providence Art Club and the Squantum Asso- 
ciation. He was also secretary of the board 
of trustees of the Providence Public Library 
for a number of years.. 

He married, January 30, 1873, at Provi- 

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1 124 


dence, Lyra Frances Brown, born the same 
day as her husband, daughter of Joseph Rogers 
Brown, the senior partner of the famous firm 
of Brown & Sharpe (see Brown V). She died 
July 13, 1907, at Providence. Their only child 
was Lyra Brown, born December 7, 1885, at 
Providence, Rhode Island, in which city she 
resides at No. 71 Angell street, in the same 
house in which she was born. Miss Nickerson 
is a member of Gaspee Chapter, Daughters of 
the American Revolution, of Providence; a 
member of the Society of Colonial Dames: a 
member of the Society of Colonial Governors ; 
and a member of the Society of Mayflower 

(The Brown Line). 

According to tradition the immigrant ances- 
tor of this family, Peter Brown, came from 
Northamptonshire, England, landed at or near 
Salem, Massachusetts, about 1690, and had 
fifteen children. 

(II) William, son of Peter Brown, accord- 
ing to family tradition, was born January 19, 
1716, died February 13, 1762. He settled in 
Newport, Rhode Island.. He married, October 
1, 1744, Sarah Lifford;, of Newport, born April, 
1722, died January 'Z'jy 1784, in her sixty-sec- 
ond year. The foregoing dates are taken from 
an ancient family Bible. The vital records of 
Newport do not contaia these records. Sarah 
Lifford was the adopted daughter of James 
Franklin, a brother of Benjamin Franklin. 

(III) David, son of William Brown, was 
born at Newport, Rhode Island, September 5, 
1757. He was a soldier in the revolution from 
Rhode Island. He resided in Providence, 
Rhode Island, and at Attleborough, Massachu- 
setts, where he died October 18, 1849. He 
married, December 2, 1779, Chloe Carpenter, 
born January 24, 1761, died January 25, 1848, 
aged eighty-seven years. Among their children 
was David, mentioned below. 

(IV) David (2), son of David (i) Brown, 
was born at Attleborough, Massachusetts, 
April 9, 1781, died September 8, 1868, at North 
Providence, Rhode Island. He resided at 
Attleborough, Massachusetts, and at Warren, 
Providence and North Providence, Rhode 
Island. He began to manufacture jewelry and 
silverware at Warren, in 1804. At first his 
business did not prosper and he traveled 
through the valley of the Connecticut river, 
making a livelihood by grinding razors and 
other cutlery on a machine that he trundled on 
wheels. He also peddled the silverware that 
he had made. In three years of this labor he 
cleared himself of debt and made substantial 
savings. In 1828 he came from Warren to 
Paw tucket. In 1833 he formed a partnership 
with his son, Joseph Rogers Brown. This firm 

started the manufacturing business afterward 
conducted by the firm of Brown & Sharpe, 
finally becoming the Brown & Sharpe Manu- 
facturing Company. Mr. Brown was a skill- 
ful mechanic, a man of strong will and stead- 
fast purposes. He was upright, independent 
and industrious throughout his long life. In 
political faith he was an old line Whig. He 
married, April, 1809, at Middletown, Rhode 
Island, Patience Rogers, born at Middletown, 
February 4, 1791, died March 24, 1877, at 
North Providence, daughter of Joseph Rogers, 
of Newport: Children, born at Warren: Jo- 
seph Rogers, mentioned below; Sarah Ann, 
March 16, 181 1 ; David Easterbrooks, June 20, 
1812; Jane, January 7, 1814; Peleg Rogers, 
December i, 1815; Mary, May 22, 1822. 

(V) Joseph Rogers, son of David (2) 
Brown, was bom at Warren, Rhode Island, 
January 26, 1810, died July 23, 1876, at the 
Isle of Shoals, New Hampshire. He attended 
the public schools, but spent much of his spare 
time during his boyhood in his father's work- 
shop, and early in life developed skill with 
all kinds of tools and a high order of inventive 
and mechanical ability. He left school at the 
age of seventeen 5ind entered the employ of 
Wolcott & Harris, in their machine shop at 
Valley Falls. He advanced rapidly and ac- 
quired valuable experience in the manufacture 
of cotton machinery. In the following spring 
he returned to Pawtucket to assist his father 
in the construction of clocks for which he had 
contracted in the towns of Pawtucket, Taun- 
ton and New Bedford. When he came of age 
in 1831 he started in business as a machinist 
in his own shop, and began to manufacture 
tools and lathes. Two years later, father and 
son, again joined forces and established a busi- 
ness at 60 South Main street. Providence. In 
the fall of 1837 the shop and contents were 
destroyed by fire. The firm received two thou- 
sand dollars in insurance and with that sum 
as capital the firm rebuilt the factory and re- 
sumed business. The business was soon after- 
ward removed to 69 South Main street, where 
it was located until 1848. In 1841 the father 
and senior partner retired and went west, the 
business then reverting to the sole care and 
management of the son. The business was 
again removed in 1848 to 115 South Main 
street, and in the same year Lucian Sharpe be- 
came an apprentice in Mr. Brown's shop. 
After completing an apprenticeship of five 
years, Mr. Sharpe was admitted to partnership 
in the business and the name of the firm be- 
came Brown & Sharpe. At this time a flourish- 
ing business had been developed in repairing 
clocks and watches, making various measuring 
devices, in which Mr. Brown was an adept. 

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1 125 

Much of the work of the firm, however, was 
at that time what is known as jobbing, all kinds 
of mechanical work. The total floor space 
then used amounted to i,8oo square feet and 
fourteen hands were regularly employed. 
From the time Mr. Sharpe entered the firm, 
however, its business showed rapid and con- 
stant development, widening in scope and in- 
creasing in volume. In 1858 the firm made a 
contract with the Wilcox & Gibbs Sewing 
Machine Company to manufacture all its goods 
and the character of the work demanded in 
making these sewing machines naturally stimu- 
lated the manufacture of other fine tools and 
machinery. The plant was enlarged from time to 
time and the factory extended through a 
greater part of the block on South Main street. 
In 1872 the firm was employing three hun- 
dred hands and it was found necessary to pro- 
vide a new plant. The buildings erected on 
the present location of the concern at that 
time have been enlarged, improved. and aug- 
mented by other buildings and the payroll now 
provides for 4,000 regular hands. In every 
respect the Brown & Sharpe concern has kept 
to the very front in the manufacturing world 
and its plant is a model, if not the largest and 
best in the world. The growth of the business 
may be indicated by the floor space used in 
its factory. In 1853, 1,800 square feet; in 
1873, 6,600 feet; in 1883, 115,200 feet; in 
1890, 167,000 feet; in 1899, 293,760 feet; and 
the growth has continued in proportion as 
rapidly in later years. In 1857 twenty men 
were employed; in 1872, three hundred; in 
1884, 450; in 1893, a thousand; in 1900, over 
two thousand; and in 191 3, 4,000 employes. 
In 1867 Mr. Brown and Mr. Sharpe went to 
Paris together to attend the first International 
Exposition and the concern has been a promi- 
nent and successful exhibitor from that time 
to the present in the great fairs and exhibitions 
of the world. 

From the beginning, Mr. Sharpe shared Mr. 
Brown*s determination to produce nothing but 
perfect goods. The partners were congenial 
and harmonious, naturally gifted each for his 
part in the great business that they built up 
in Providence. Each respected and loved the 
other and in many ways the partnership was 
ideal. Mr. Brown's inventions demonstrated 
his talents and furnished the foundation of 
the business, while Mr. Sharpens energy, abil- 
ity and sagacity were needed in the financial 
and administrative affairs of the firm. 

Early in life Mr. Brown became interested 
in making scales of measurement, and in 1852 
he devised a linear dividing engine, the first 
automatic machine of the kind in this country. 
In the following year he perfected the vernier 

caliper, the first practical tool for exact measur- 
ing within the means of the ordinary mechanic. 
Its importance in the production of fine me- 
chanical work can hardly be over-rated. Per- 
haps his best known invention was the uni- 
versal milling njachine, patented in 1865, com- 
ing soon into universal use in the machine 
shops of every country, rfe invented cutters 
that can be sharpened without changing their 
form, patented in 1864; a revolving head screw 
machine, patented in 1865 ; the universal grind- 
ing machine, patented in 1877 ; also screw-slot- 
ting machines, tapping machines, gear-cutting 
attachment for milling machines; friction- 
clutch pulley, patented in 1864, and a large 
number of gauges and exact measuring instru- 
ments that have been in common use for many 

Mr. Brown was an inventor by gift; he 
loved difficult mechanical and mathematical 
problems arid was a genius at solving them. 
That a vast business should result from his 
mechanical skiW was not his original purpose; 
it followed naturally as the demand for the 
inst^'uments and machines came to his factory. 
Even today the inestimable importance of his 
inventions are not realized. Many of them are 
accepted as necessities and the machinist of 
today never realizes what the genius of Mr. 
Brown has done for his trade. The principles 
of many of his inventions were novel. Through- 
out the civilized world the name of Brown & 
Sharpe is known and honored. Its standards 
of measurement are in universal use. 

Mr. Brown married (first) September 18, 
1837, Caroline Bowers Niles, bom October 6, 
181 7, at Warwick, Rhode Island, died January 
7, 1 85 1, at Providence, Rhode Island, daugh- 
ter of Jonathan and Susan Niles, of Provi- 
dence. He married (second) May 3, 1852, 
Jane F. Mowry, of Pawtucket. Children by 
first marriage: Walter, died in infancy; Lyra 
Frances, born September 13, 1845, died July 
13, 1907, in Providence, married, January 30, 
1873, Edward Irving Nickerson (see Nicker- 
son VIII). 

James Skiff, ancestor of all the 
SKIFF colonial families of this surname, 

is said to have come from London, 
England, and settled at Plymouth, Massachu- 
setts, before 1636. He received there five acres 
of land for services done to Isaac Allerton, 
and bought five more acres of Peter Talbot, 
August 22, 1636. He sold his house and land 
at Plymouth, January i, 1637, and moved to 
Lynn, where he was a proprietor in 1637. In 
that same year he moved to Sandwich, Massa- 
chusetts, where he lived the rest of his life. 
He had lands granted there in 1641, and was 

Digitized by 


1 126 


admitted a freeman, June 5, 1644. He was 
a town officer and deputy to the general court 
from Sandwich, and died some time after 
1688. His wife, Mary (Reeves?), died Sep- 
tember 21, 1673, ^t Sandwich. Children, born 
at Sandwich: James, born September 12, 1638; 
Stephen, April 14, 1641 ; Nathaniel, March 20, 
1645; Sarah, Ocfober 12, 1646; Bathsheba, 
April 26, 1648; Mary, March 25, 1650; 
Miriam, or Marienne, March 25, 1652; Pa- 
tience, March 25, 1653; Benjamin, November 

14, 1655; Nathan, mentioned below; Eliza- 

(H) Nathan, son of James Skiff, was born 
in Sandwich, Massachusetts, May 16, 1658, 
died February 12, 1725-6. He married (first) 
July 10, 1680, Hepsibah, daughter of Robert 
Codman. He married (second) December 13, 
1699, Mercy, daughter of John Chipman, of 
Barnstable, Massachusetts. Her mother was 
Hope Howland, of Mayflower ancestry, who 
died June 12, 1724. Children of the first 
wife; Hepsibah, married — Norton; Pa- 
tience, born at Tisbury, Martha's Vineyard; 
James (2), mentioned below; Elizabeth, bom 
September, 1690; Benjamin, April 29, 1692; 
Stephen, May 26, 1693; Mary, May 26, 1695; 
Sarah, February, 1698. Children of the sec- 
ond wife: Mercy, July 5, 1701 ; Samuel, De- 
cember 24, 1703; John, August 22, 1705, died 
March 6, 1728; Joseph, November 18, 1707. 

(HI) James (2), son of Nathan Skiff, was 
born March 10, 1689, died June 6, 1724. He 
settled in Chilmark, Martha's Vineyard. He 
married Lydia Smith. Children, born at Chil- 
mark : Stephen, mentioned below ; James, July 

15, 1722. 

(IV) Stephen, son of James (2) Skiff, was 
born at Chilmark, Massachusetts, May 8, 1718. 
He was a school teacher. He married, August 
26, 1742, at Chilmark, Bathsheba Tilton, who 

. died November 3, 1767. Children, born at 
Chilmark: Lydia, November 17, 1744; Na- 
thaniel, June 16, 1747; Stephen, June 11, 1750, 
died December 6, 1821, in his seventy-second 
year; Rebecca, July 13, 1752; Martha, Feb- 
ruary I, 1755; Vinal, mentioned below. 

(V) Vinal, son of Stephen (i) Skiff, was 
born at Chilmark, February 11, 1759, died 
there April 19, 1829, aged seventy years, two 
months and nine days. He married (first) 
at Chilmark, November 11, 1779, Catherine 
Tilton, (second) intention^ dated May 23, 1820, 
Joanna Clifford. Children by first wife, bom 
at Chilmark: Martha, February 19, 1781 ; Ste- 
phen (2), mentioned below; Catherine, Au- 
gust 8, 1794; perhaps others not recorded. 

(VI) Stephen (2), son of Vinal Skiff, was 
born at Chilmark, September 23, 1787. He 
married at Tisbury, Martha's Vineyard, Janu- 

ary II, 181 1, Bathsheba Qifford, who died 
January 5, 1842, in her fiftieth year. He mar- 
ried (second) intention dated at Edgartown, 
August 13, 1842, Mrs. Sarah M. Luce. He 
had a son, Stephen D., mentioned below. 

(VII) Stephen Decatur, son of Stephen 
(2) Skiff, was born in 181 5, at Chilmark, 
Martha's Vineyard, died in March, 1883. ^^ 
was a farmer, boat-builder- and carpenter in 
his native town. He married (first) at Chil- 
mark, February 3, 1842, Polly C. Tilton. He 
married (second) January 26, 1845, Eleanor 
S. (Davis) Feltor, widow, daughter of Daniel 
Davis, deceased. The marriage record states 
that he was a widower, aged thirty years at 
the time of his second marriage. His wife's 
mother was Bertha (Smith) Davis. Eleanor 
was also aged thirty years in 1845, ^^d in the 
same record her occupation is given as seam- 
stress and her birthplace as Cincinnati, Ohio. 
The spelling Skiffe is frequently used by the 
family in nearly every generation. Children: 
I. Henry Gorham, mentioned below. 2. Alma 
Tremper, bom in Martha's Vineyard ; married 
William P. Patterson, and lived for many 
years in Kansas, now of Cincinnati, Ohio ; had 
one child: Alma S. Patterson, a graduate of 
the University of Kansas, now a public school 
teacher in that state. 

(VIII) Henry Gorham, son of Stephen De- 
catur Skiff, was born at Chilmark, Martha's 
Vineyard, Massachusetts, July 2, 1846, died 
August 19, 191 2. He attended the public 
schools of his native place. In 1865 he came 
to Cincinnati, Ohio, where he attended Bart- 
lett's Commercial College, and from which he 
graduated. He began his career in a furniture 
factory, and afterward was bookkeeper in sev- 
eral mercantile houses in Cincinnati. He en- 
gaged in business as a grocer in Cincinnati, 
and after a short time returned to his profes- 
sion of bookkeeping. He was appointed a 
clerk in the office of the city comptroller of 
Cincinnati, and at the end of his first year he 
was promoted to the office of chief deputy 
comptroller. At the end of nine years in this 
office, a Democratic administration came into 
power; but notwithstanding political opposi- 
tion to his retention, he was retained in office 
for two years more. During the next six years 
the city had a Republican government, and he 
continued in office and for the following three 
years was retained by the Fusionist govern- 
ment, making an aggregate of twenty years of 
uninterrupted service in the office of deputy 
comptroller. He was also assistant city au- 
ditor for nineteen years. He' was a prominent 
Free Mason ; a member of Vattier Lodge, No. 
386, of Cincinnati, of which he was past wor- 
shipful master, and for eight years secretary; 

Digitized by 



1 127 

member of Willis Chapter, No. 131, Royal 
Arch Masons, of which he was captain in 
1878, principal sojourner in 1879, and secretary 
from 1880 to his death, thirty-two years; 
member of Trinity Commandery, No. 44, 
Knights Templar, of Cincinnati, of which he 
was past eminent commander. He had taken 
all the thirty-two degrees of Scottish Rite 
Masonry, and held various offices in Ohio 
Consistory, of which he was a member for 
twenty-six years. He was the recorder of 
Cincinnati Council, No. 2, Royal and Select 
Masters, of Cincinnati ; a member of the Wal- 
nut Hill Chapter, No. 213, Order of the East- 
ern Star, of which his wife was the first, 
matron; member and past chancellor of Co- 
lumbia Lodge, Knights of Pythias, and for 
many years its financial recorder; member of 
the Lodge of Odd Fellows, and of the New 
England Society of Cincinnati. His politics 
were Republican. In religion he was a Bap- 
tist, and for many years he was a member of 
the Columbia Baptist Church. For the last 
twelve years he was engaged in the insurance 
business, with an office at 1005 Commercial 
Tribune Building. 

He married, July 15, 1871, Florence Stew- 
art, born in Cincinnati, daughter of William 
and Emeline (Green) Stewart, of that place. 
Children: i. Stephen Clifford, born in Cincin- 
nati, April 4, 1872, died.Marcfi 7, 1894; mar- 
ried, August 2, 1893, Olga M. Schuster; they 
had one child, Stephen C. Jr., born August 16, 
1894, now living with his mother in Brookl)m, 
New York. 2. Frederick Bolton, November 

5, 1874; married Ivy Stevens; has two chil- 
dren: Roland and Verra. 3. Charles James, 
June 23, 1875 ; married Mayme Stewart ; they 
have one child, Charles. 4. Henry Gorham 
Jr., December 2, 1876; married, December 31, 
1903, May B. Jennings. 5. Abner Davis, July 
26, 1878; married May Gleason; children: 
Raymond, Davis Ellsworth and Harry Merton. 

6. William Albert, March 31, 1884, died July 
I, 1884. 

(Ill) Nathaniel (2) Rey- 
REYNOLDS nolds, son of Captain Na- 
thaniel (i) Re)mold or 
Reynolds (q. v.), was bom in Boston, Massa- 
chusetts, March 3, 1662-63, died October 29, 
1719. He resided in Bristol, Rhode Island. 

He married Ruth . They had seven 

children, among whom were the following: 
Nathaniel, mentioned below ; John, born March 
29, 1696. 

(IV) Nathaniel (3), son of Nathaniel (2) 
Reynolds, was born in Bristol, Rhode Island, 
September 11, 1689, died in 1740. He re- 
moved from Bristol to Boston in 1735, and 


was a merchant there and the owner of a 
store. He married Mary D., daughter of 
Thomas Snell. She resided, a widow, in North 
Bridgewater. Among his children were: Na- 
thaniel, born 171 7, removed to Vassalborough, 
Massachusetts; Thomas, mentioned below. 

(V) Thomas, son of Nathaniel (3) Rey- 
nolds, was born in Bristol, Rhode Island, 
March 9, 1718, died in 1795. He served in 
the revolution, enlisting from Bristol, Novem- 
ber 30, 1779, under Colonel Henry Jackson, 
and is described as aged forty-two, height six 
feet one inch, complexion dark, hair dark. His 
age was much understated, a practice common 
upon enlistment. He served in Colonel Jack- 
son's company from January i, to December 
31, 1780, being absent in May of that year on 
account of illness. He was at "Hutt's," Jan- 
uary 28, 1781. On December 5, 1777, when 
he was engaged in the war, his family was 
reported as living in Wrentham. In the revo- 
lutionary rolls he was called of Bristol and 
Rehoboth, but he may not have lived at the 
latter place. A Thomas Reynolds, of Deer- 
field, perhaps this same Thomas, served in 
Captain Lemuel Trescott's company. Colonel 
Trescott's regiment, in 1775. The only Thomas 
Reynolds in the state in 1790 was Thomas, of 
North Bridgewater, and his son Thomas, of 
that place, who are included in the census of 
that year. Thomas Reynolds was a carpenter 
by trade. He married, at North Bridgewater, 
November 3, 1748, Elizabeth Turner. He has 
descendants living at Winslow, Maine. Chil- 
dren: Amy, born October 29, 1749, died May 
9, 1752; Joseph, mentioned below; Amy, born 
June 22, 1753, married, July 2, 1772, Silas 
Dunbar; Elizabeth, June 22, 1755; Susanna, 
April 24, 1757; Martha (Patty), March 23, 
1759; Thomas, January 27, 1762; Josiah, July 
I, 1766. 

(VI) Joseph, son of Thomas Reynolds, was 
born in Bridgewater or North Bridgewater, 
Massachusetts, June 22, 1751. He was a sol- 
dier in the revolution, a private in Captain 
Josiah Hayden's company. Colonel Bailey's 
regiment of minute-men on the Lexington 
Alarm; also in Captain Nathan Packard's 
company. Colonel Edward Mitchell's regiment 
in 1776; also in Captain Henry Prentiss's com- 
pany. Colonel Thomas Marshall's regiment in 
1776; corporal in Captain Nathan Packard's 
company. Colonel Thomas Carpenter's regi- 
ment, in 1778; and private in Captain David 
Packard's company, Colonel Eliphalet Cary's 
regiment in 1780. He settled at Canton, 
Maine, died in that town and is buried there. 
He married, September 17, 1772, Jemima, 
daughter of Luke Perkins. Children: Icha- 
bod, married, in 1796, Polly Brett and settled 

Digitized by 


1 128 


in Minot, Maine; Joseph, born at North 
Bridgewater, April i8, 1775; Thomas, bom 
January 19, 1776, married Nancy Patch; Dan- 
iel, settled in Canton, Maine ; Simeon, married 
Mary Snell ; Azel, married Susanna Nash ; 
Jemima, never married ; Olive, married Joseph 
Macomber ; Amy, married E. Howard ; Susan- 
nah, married Captain Silas Dunbar; Vesta, 
married Isaac Clapp ; Luke, mentioned below. 

(VII) Luke, son of Joseph Reynolds, born 
about 1780, died in 1810. He settled in Can- 
ton, and married there Alice Austin, of that 
town; she died January 5, 1848. They had 
two children : Luther Cullender, mentioned be- 
low ; Louisa, married William Alden, of Win- 
throp, Maine, who was born October 11, 1807, 
died September 24, 1866. After her husband's 
death, Mrs. Luke Reynolds married a Warner, 
and they had five children, probably not in or- 
der of birth: i. Rutillus, married Eleanor E. 
Kimball; children: Mary Ellen, born July 20, 
1869; Everett W., January 2, 1872, married 
Lottie Woodbury, now dead, and they had 
two children: Ruth W. and Alma Rita, both 
residing in Winthrop, Maine; Mabel E. 
(Black), May 5, 1874. 2. Ellen, married Al- 
bert F. Bancroft, and resides in Massachusetts. 

3. Harriet, married Perley. 4. Elmma 

Louise, married Millard F. Richardson, and 
lived at Monmouth, Maine. 5. Clarence A., 
married Augusta Norton, of Mt. Vernon, 

(VIII) Luther Cullender, son of Luke Rey- 
nolds, was born in Canton, Maine, April 7, 
1807, died March 20, 1867. He was a tanner 
and shoemaker by trade. He and three 
brothers voted for Fremont for president, he 
and fivQ brothers voted for Abraham Lincoln 
in i860, and he and six brothers voted for Lin- 
coln for president in 1864. He married Char- 
lotte Rhoda, daughter of Samuel and Comfort 
(Houghton) Jackson (see Jackson VI). Lu- 
ther C. Reynolds with nine children, his sister 
and her family, migrated from New England 
to Aurora, Indiana, in 1848. In about six 
months Mr. Reynolds returned with his fam- 
ily to Massachusetts and located at Randolph, 
but in 1 85 1 he went to Jay, Maine, to live. 
After four years he removed to East Wilton, 
Maine. Children of Mr. and Mrs. Reynolds: 
Austin, William Franklin, George Augustus, 
Belista, Eliza, Orrin A., mentioned below ; 
Rhoda, Henry, Lauriston. 

(IX) Orrin A., son of Luther Cullender 
Reynolds, was born in Jay, Maine, April 10, 
1838, died August 20, 1912, buried in Highland 
cemetery, Covington, Kentucky. He attended 
the public schools in Aurora, Indiana, and 
Randolph, Massachusetts, afterward in Jay, 
Maine, and East Wilton, where the family 

lived. In 1857 he began to teach school and 
for about two years was a public school teacher 
in Maine district schools. In 1859, in part- 
nership with a brother, he established the firm 
of Reynolds Brothers, manufacturers of boots, 
at Randolph, and continued in this business 
until 1867. In 1862 he left his business to 
respond to the call to arms and served in the 
Fourth Massachusetts Regiment Volunteer In- 
fantry. He was at Port Hudson, Louisiana, 
under General Nathaniel P. Banks, and while 
on guard duty there over $3,000,000 worth of 
army supplies and provisions he was taken 
prisoner, but was shortly exchanged. He was 
among the last to be exchanged before the 
cessation of exchange of prisoners between 
the Federal and Confederate armies. After 
he returned from the service he resumed the 
manufacture of boots. On account of ill 
health due to disease contracted in the service 
and in rebel prisons, he was obliged to go 
west,, on the advice of his physicians, and in 
1867 he came to Cincinnati, where he estab- 
lished an agency for the American Button Hole 
and Sewing Machine Company for the states 
of Ohio, Indiana and Kentucky. For five 
years he followed this business successfully. 
In 1870 he entered the employ of the Singer 
Sewing Machine Company in Cincinnati, 
where he continued until he was transferred 
to Covington, Kentucky, in 1875. There he 
had the agency for forty counties and a hun- 
dred local agents and his district became the 
banner district for business for his company. 
He continued with the Singer Company for a 
period of twenty-five years. In December, 
1897, he was appointed by President McKin- 
ley postmaster of Covington. He was re-ap- 
pointed by President McKinley and later by 
President Roosevelt and continued in office for 
a period of thirteen years. The total business 
of this post office the year before Mr. Rey- 
nolds took office amounted to a total of $27,- 
000 and in the last year of his postmastership 
the total was $134,000, the money order busi- 
ness increasing in the meantime from less than 
$100,000 to more than $1,000,000. The cost 
of administration of this office prior to Mr. 
Reynolds' time had been seventy-three per 
cent of the receipts, and during his adminis- 
tration that percentage was reduced to thirty- 
three per cent. 

Mr. Reynolds was a member of James A. 
Garfield Post, No. 2, Grand Army of the Re- 
public, of Covington, Kentucky, of which he 
was a past commander and in which he held 
in succession all the other offices. He was 
vice-commander and department commander, 
chaplain, judge advocate, department delegate 
to the National Encampment and historian of 

Digitized by 




the department. He never missed a meeting 
of the department. He was active in estab- 
lishing new posts and read many interesting 
papers at post meetings. He attended no less 
than twenty National Encampments of the 
Grand Army. One of the reasons for the pop- 
ularity and usefulness of Comrade Reynolds 
was his happy faculty in knowing by heart the 
ritual used at mustering service. In public 
life Mr. Reynolds was an exceedingly faithful 
and useful citizen. For thirty years he was 
virtually the head of the Republican party in 
Covington, and during that time was member 
of the Republican county committee. He had 
the satisfaction of seeing his party strength 
grow from an insignificant minority into a 
successful majority. For two years he was 
member of the school board of Covington. He 
was a member of the First Presbyterian 
Church of Covington, and an elder and trustee. 
He was also a member of the Reidlin Republi- 
can Club of Covington; of Covington Lodge, 
No. 109, Free and Accepted Masons ; of Cov- 
ington Chapter, No. 35, Royal Arch Masons; 
of Kenton Council. No. 13, Royal and Select 
Masters ; of Adar Council, Royal Arcanum ; of 
Covington Commandery, No. 7, Knights Tem- 
plar ; of the Knights of Honor, of which he 
was treasurer for twenty-five years; of the 
Building Association of Covington for twenty- 
five years, of which he was a director ; and of 
the National Union. 

He married, November 17, 1869, Mary 
Barry Lyle, born in Antrim county, Ireland, 
May 14, 1847, died March 29, 1912, buried in 
Highland cemetery, Covington, Kentucky, 
daughter of James and Mary (Barry) Lyle. 
Her parents were born in Scotland and settled 
in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, when she was 
four years old. Children: i. Charles Waugh, 
mentioned below. 2. Orrin Lyle, mentioned 

(X) Dr. Charles Waugh Reynolds, son of 
Orrin A. Reynolds, was born in Cincinnati, 
Ohio, November 10, 1871. He attended the 
public and high schools of Covington, Kentucky, 
graduating as salutatorian of his class. He 
studied for his profession at the Ohio Medical 
College, from which he was graduated with the 
degree of Doctor of Medicine in 1894. He 
then became an interne in the Cincinnati City 
Hospital, continuing for one year, and took 
a post-graduate course at New York Post 
Graduate College, New York City. He be- 
gan to practice in Covington, Kentucky, and 
has made a specialty of diseases of the eye, 
ear and nose. He is a member of the Acad- 
emy of Medicine of Cincinnati; the Kenton 
County Medical Society ; the Kentucky Medi- 
cal Society; the Covington High School 

Alumni Association; of Colonel Clay Lodge, 
No. 159, Free and Accepted Masons of Cov- 
ington; Covington Chapter, No. 35, Royal 
Arch Masons; Kenton County Council, No. 
13, Royal and Select Masters. Dr. Reynolds 
was a pioneer in the use of anti-toxin in diph- 
theria, in 1894, when the remedy was new and 
almost untried. There were two cases of 
diphtheria in the Cincinnati Hospital at the 
time and to one of them Dr. Reynolds admin- 
istered some of the anti-toxin brought to the 
hospital by Dr. James L. Whittaker. This 
was the first use made of the remedy in the 
hospital and the patient recovered, while the 
other patient treated by the old methods died. 

Dr. Reynolds married, April 7, 1904, Sarah 
Graham Graves, of Louisville, Kentucky, 
daughter of Otho and Anna (Cummins) 
Graves. Children: i. Maryanna, born at Cov- 
ington, Kentucky, December 18, 1904. 2. 
Robert Graham, bom at Dayton, Kentucky, 
September 20, 1907. 3. Sarah Elizabeth, born 
at Covington, Kentucky, March 18, 191 1. 

(X) Dr. Orrin Lyle Reynolds, son of Orrin 
A. Reynolds, was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, 
July 21, 1874. He attended the public schools 
of Covington, Kentucky, and was graduated 
from its high school. He was graduated from 
the Ohio Medical College with the degree of 
Doctor of Medicine in 1897. After taking a 
post-graduate course at Bellevue Hospital, 
New York City, he returned to Covington and 
engaged in the general practice of medicine 
in association with his brother. Dr. Charles W. 
Reynolds. The firm has gained high standing 
in the profession and ample and substantial 
success from a business point of view in their 
profession. He is a member of the Academy 
of Medicine of Cincinnati, the Campbell 
County Medical Society of Kentucky, the Ken- 
ton County Medical Society of Kentucky, the 
Kentucky Medical Society, the Industrial Club 
of Covington; Colonel Clay Lodge, No. 159, 
Free and Accepted Masons ; Covington Chap- 
ter, No. 35, Royal Arch Masons. In politics 
Dr. Reynolds is a Progressive. He married, 
June I. 1912, Alice Russell. 

(The Jackson Line). 

(I) Edward Jackson, the immigrant an- 
cestor, was born in England in 1602. He was 
son of Christopher Jackson, and came to Bos- 
ton in 1640. He settled in Newtown, Massa- 
chusetts, where he died in 1681. 

(II) Sebas, son of Edward Jackson, mar- 
ried Sarah, daughter of Thomas Baker, of 
Roxbury, Massachusetts. They had nine chil- 

(III) Edward (2), son of Sebas Jackson, 
married Mary . 

Digitized by 




(IV) Edward (3), son of Edward (2) 
Jackson, married Abby . 

(V) Samuel, son of Edward (3) Jackson, 
married in 1763, Lois Woodward. Tliey had 
nine children. He died in July, 1801. Chil- 
dren: Samuel, mentioned below; Lois, born 
August 17, 1765; Rhoda, February 21, 1767; 
Ann, March 30, 1769; Mary, May 30, 1771 ; 
Antipas, November 20, 1772; Esther, Novem- 
ber 24, 1774; Ephraim, February 3, 1780; 
Sarah, July 28, 1781. 

(VI) Samuel (2), son of Samuel (i) Jack- 
son, was born February 16, 1764, and died 
April 12, 1834. He was a soldier in the revo- 
lution, a private in Captain Chambers' Com- 
pany, Sixth Massachusetts Regiment of In- 
fantry, under Colonel Thomas Nixon. He en- 
listed July 7, 1780, for six months, and his 
name appears on the rolls from July to Octo- 
ber, 1780. He was also a private in Captain 
William Story's Company, Eighth Massachu- 
setts Regiment, under Colonel Michael Jack- 
son.' He married Comfort Houghton, who 
died April 9, 18 16, and they had eleven chil- 
dren: I. Benjamin, born July 5, 1784. 2. 
Henry, December 31, 1789, died March 9, 
1813. 3. Nancy, December 21, 1791 ; mar- 
ried Dyke, and they had two children : 

Nancy, who married Captain -— - Darling, 

of Cincinnati; and 

-. 4. Elijah, born 
January 29, 1795, died July 26, 1857. 5. Sam- 
uel, February 16, 1797. 6. Abigail, May 7, 
1799. 7. Polly, August 25, 1801. 8. Charlotte 
Rhoda, March 6, 1804; married Luther C. Rey- 
nolds (see Reynolds VIII). 9. Sarah, August 
6, 1806, died March 27, 1843. 10. Eliza, born 

October 25, 1809; married Jones. 11. 

Ephraim, born December 26, 18 12, died Jan- 
uary 20, 181 3. 

John Wilkinson Punshon was 
PUNSHON born in Chester, Pennsylva- 
nia, October 8, 1819, ^i^d 
June 3, 1857. His mother was of the Wilkin- 
son family. He was for many years in the 
postal service of the United States. He mar- 
ried, November 21, 1844, Ruth, daughter of 
Oliver Langdon, (see Langdon IV). Children, 
all born in Cincinnati, Ohio: i. Lizzie, bom 
February 20, 1846; married Dr. William H. 
Hopkins, of Cincinnati, March 5, 1872; their 
child is Langdon Punshon Hopkins. 2. Rob- 
ert Langdon, March 3, 1849; married Helen 
Perkins. 3. Annie, July 15, 1851 ; married 
John T. Thompson, of Cincinnati, February 
25, 1874, and has one child, Morley Punshon 
Thompson. 4. John Wilkinson, June 12, 1853, 
died March 16, 1899, unmarried. 5. Thomas 
Brown, mentioned below. 

(II) Thomas Brown, son of John Wilkinson 

Punshon, was born in Cincinnati, Ohio^ Sep- 
tember 6, 1855. He attended the public and 
high schools of his native place, and then en- 
tered the office of Joseph Earnshaw, civil en- 
gineer and surveyor, as an apprentice. He 
was afterward admitted to partnership under 
the firm name of Earnshaw & Punshon. After 
an association in business lasting twenty-five 
years the firm was dissolved by the death of 
the senior partner in 1906, and since that time 
Mr. Punshon has continued in business alone. 
He was appointed city engineer of the city of 
Cincinnati in 1898, and served in that office 
for two years. He is a member of the Civil 
Engineers' Club, the Architects* Club, the Ohio 
Society, Sons of the Revolution, and of the 
Cincinnati Chamber of Commerce. In poli- 
tics he is independent. He is a member and 
tnistee of the Unitarian Church of Cincin- 

He married (first) in 1889, Grace Hickok, 
born in Bellair, Ohio, July 13, 1866, daughter 
of Hugh M. Hickok, who came to Cincinnati 
from Virginia. She died April 21, 1889. He 
married (second) August 7, 1895, Louise, 
daughter of the late E. H. W. Schulte, of Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio. By the second wife he had one 
child, Ruth, born in Cincinnati, October 20, 
1898, now a student in the Walnut Hills high 

(The Langdon Line). 

Philip Langdon, immigrant ancestor, came 
with his brothers Edward and John, about 
1675, to Boston. They may have been related 
to John Langdon, who came earlier to Boston, 
where he was living in 1646, a sail-maker by 
trade. Edward died in 1704, and his estate 
was settled by his brother John. Philip was 
also a mariner. His oak chest has been pre- 
served. He died in Boston, December 11, 
1697, and his wife Mary died there, February 
14, 1716. Children: Philip, an inn-keeper; 
and the following born in Boston: Susanna, 
October 23, 1677; John, August 27, 1682; 
James, August 15, 1685; Samuel, December 
22, 1687; Mary, March 24, 1689; Paul, men- 
tioned below. 

(II) Lieutenant Paul Langdon, son of 
Philip Langdon, was born in Boston, Septem- 
ber 12, 1693. He lived at Salem and Wilbra- 
ham, where he died December 3, 1761. He 
married, August 18, 1718, Mary Stacy. He 
was a carpenter and millwright, and also fol- 
lowed farming. Tradition tells us that he was 
a man of great energy. Children, born in Wil- 
braham: Mary, August 20, 1719; Lewis, May 
16, 1721; Hannah, February 22, 1723; Paul, 
December 16, 1725; John, mentioned below; 
Elizabeth, July i, 1730; Anna, September 21, 

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(III) Captain John Langdon, son of Lieu- 
tenant Paul Langdon, was born in Wilbraham, 
Massachusetts, June i, 1728, died there Octo- 
ber 10, 1822. He served in the French and 
Indian wars. In 1774 he was one of the sign- 
ers of the non-consumption pledge. He was 
a soldier in the revolution, a sergeant in Cap- 
tain Paul's company of minute-men, on the 
Lexington Alarm, April 19, 1775, and in the 
same company in Colonel Timothy Danielson's 
regiment to the end of the year 1775. He was 
also captain in Jackson's continental regiment. 
He married (first) February, 1755, Sarah Steb- 
bins, and (second) December 29, 1757, Eunice 
Torrey, of Mansfield, Connecticut. Children, 
born at Wilbraham, by first wife : Sarah, July 
12, 1756, married Ebenezer Crocker. Chil- 
dren by second wife: Rev. John Wilson, born 
March 11, 1759; Artemas, May 25, 1760, died 
October 2, 1760; James, March 27, 1762, an 
exhorter, married Esther Stebbins; Josiah, 
January 12, 1765; Joanna, June 21, 1767; Oli- 
ver, mentioned below; Eunice, March 7, 1772; 
Rev. Solomon, July 19, 1777. Three of the 
sons were Methodist preachers. 

(IV) Rev. Oliver Langdon, son of Captain 
John Langdon, was born at Wilbraham, Oc- 
tober 9, 1769. He was a preacher in the Meth- 
odist Episcopal denomination. He came to 
Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1806. He married (first) 
Nancy, daughter of William Brown, of Stam- 
ford, Connecticut (see Brown V). Her father 
was born in 1761, died in 1808; was in Cap- 
tain Comstock's company. Eighth Continental 
Line, of Connecticut, made corporal May 8, 
1779, sergeant August i, 1780; was standard 
bearer of the Forlorn Hope at Stony Point, 
New York, and was one of a small number 
decorated by Martha Washington with a white 
silk rosette for special bravery in battle (see 
"Connecticut in the Revolution,'' pages 2 and 
32). William Brown's other children were: 
Isabella (Brown) Matthews, mother of Caleb 
Bentley Matthews (see Matthews IV) ; Sally 
(Brown) Ropes, of Salem, Massachusetts, of 
the old Essex county family of Ropes; Ruth 
(Brown) Miller-Outcalt ; and William Brown, 
of Madison, Indiana. Oliver Langdon mar- 
ried (second) Catherine W. Bassett, of Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio. Children by first wife: i. 
Nancy, born December 28, 1809, died Febru- 
ary 13, 18 — ; married Edwin Mattoon. 2. 
Nancy B., October 27, 1810. 3. Solomon, 
April 27, 1812; married Martha Ferine. 4. 
Mary, August 11, 1814; married Robert W. 
Rayne. 5. Dr. Oliver M., February 2, 1817, 
died June 15, 1878. 6. Caroline, September 6, 
1818; married John Stanley. 7. Ruth, Febru- 
ary 2, 1822, died March 17, 1901 ; married 
John Wilkinson Punshon (see Pimshon I). 

Children by second wife: 8. Eunice M., born 
November 23, 1825, died September 12, 1901. 
9. Major-General Elisha Bassett, born Febru- 
ary 24, 1827, died May 30, 1867, who served 
in the civil war, 1861-5. 10. Catherine E., 
November 13, 1828, died April 18, 1900. 
Oliver M. and the three youngest children 
never married. 

The surname Kinney is identi- 
KINNEY cal with Kenney, Kenny, Ke- 
ney, Kinnee, Kene and Keny, 
and a still larger variety in spelling is to be 
found in the early records. Henry Kinney, 
the immigrant ancestor, was bom in 1624, in 
Holland, of English ancestry. According to 
some accounts, however, he was a native of 
Norfolk, England, but came from Holland to 
America. He was first of Roxbury, Massa- 
chusetts, where he was apprenticed to Wil- 
liam Park, of Roxbury, by Vincent Potter, 
presumably a relative. Kinney removed thence 
to Salem, Massachusetts, about 1653. His 
wife Ann was admitted to the Salem church 
August 24, 1654. Children: John, born in 
January, 1651 ; Thomas, mentioned below; 
Hannah, January 2, 1658; Mary, in May, 
1659; Sarah, June 20, 1661 ; Elizabeth, in De- 
cember, 1662; Lydia, in April, 1666; Henry 
May, 1669. 

(H) Thomas, son of Henry Kinney, was 
born January i, 1655-56, at Salem, in what 
is now Danvers, Massachusetts. He resided 
at Salem Village, now Danvers. He married, 
May 23, 1677, Elizabeth Knight, who died in 
1694. Children, born at Salem Village: 
Thomas, July 2^, 1678; Joseph, mentioned be- 
low ; Daniel, July 23, 1682 ; Jonathan, May 27, 

(HI) Joseph, son of Thomas Kinney, was 
born at Salem, Massachusetts, September 7, 
1680, and died in 1745. He came to Preston, 
Connecticut, in 1706, and followed farming 
there. He was captain of colonial troops in 
the early Indian wars. His farm adjoined 
that of his brother Thomas. He married, in 
1704, at Salem, Keziah Peabody, who was born 
in 1686 at Topsfield, and died at Preston, 
daughter of Jacob and Abigail (Towne) Pea- 
body, of Topsfield, and granddaughter of 
Francis Peabody or Pabodie, the immigrant. 
Children, born and baptized at Preston : Abi- 
gail, born August 16, 1705, baptized Septem- 
ber 15, 1706; Jacob, born June 2, 1707, bap- 
tized July 2, 1707; Zipporah, born March 23, 
1709, baptized May 8, 1709; Daniel, born April 
15, 1711, baptized July 8, 1711; Keziah, born 
July 23, 1713; Eunice, born January 20, 1716, 
baptized April i, 1716; Joseph, mentioned be- 
low; Mary, bom June 28, 1721; Asa, Sep- 

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tember 26, i723;.Annah, July 31, 1725; Ezra, 
September 20, 1727, baptized September 20, 

(IV) Joseph (2), son of Joseph (i) Kin- 
ney, was born at Preston, Connecticut, Febru- 
ary 17, 1 7 18, and was baptized there May 4 
following. He removed to Vermont and died 
there. He married (first) at Preston, now 
Griswold, Connecticut, June 10, 1742, Sarah 
Blunt, who died December 23, 1754. He mar- 
ried (second) June 12, 1755, Jemima (New- 
comb) Lamb, who was born in 1730, at Leba- 
non, Connecticut, and died in Vermont, daugh- 
ter of Hezekiah and Jerusha (Bradford) New- 
comb and widow of Jonathan Lamb (see New- 
comb IV). She was a descendant of Gover- 
nor William Bradford, who came to Plymouth 
in the first voyage of the "Mayflower." She 
was admitted to the church at Preston with 
her husband, May 30, 1756, and they were dis- 
missed from the East Norwich church when 
they removed to Vermont. Children by first 
wife, born and baptized at Preston: Lucy, 
born July 12, 1743; Sarah, March 28, 1745; 
Elizabeth, January 28, 1748; Experience, July 
30, 1750; Keziah, July 13, 1752. Children by 
second wife: Joseph, born March 23, 1756, 
baptized May 30, 1756; Jonathan, baptized 
September 25, 1757, probably died young; 
Daniel, October 16, 1759, baptized October 28, 
1759; Newcomb, born January 18, 1761 ; 
David and Jonathan, twins, bom January 18, 
1762, baptized June 13, 1762; Bradford, born 
December 2, 1764; Jemima, born May, 1766; 
Perley, April 6, 1768; Sanford, August 14, 
1769; George Whitfield, April 14, 1771 ; 
Wealthy, April 11, 1773. 

(V) Rev. and Captain Jonathan Kinney, 
son of Joseph (2) Kinney, was born January 
18, 1762, and baptized at Preston, Connecti- 
cut, June 13, 1762. He removed to Vermont 
with his parents and lived for ten years at 
Bethel. In 1793 he came to Plainfield, Ver- 
mont, and began to clear a farm on Lot No. 
4, working there through the week and spend- 
ing his Sundays at the home of Seth Freeman. 
He built a frame house in 1794 nearly oppo- 
site the H. C. Perry house and his was the 
first frame house in the town of Plainfield. In 
February, 1798, his family occupied the new 
house. He was the first minister of the Con- 
gregational church. He died at Berlin, Ver- 
mont, in 1838. Deacon Justus Kinney after- 
ward lived on this farm; Justus, a child of 
Jonathan, died March 6, 1796, and was the 
first person buried in Plainfield. Jonathan 
Kinney was a captain of militia. He married 
at Royalton, January 20, 178 — , Lydia Ken- 
drick, born March 6, 1763, died at Bethel, 
Vermont, July 14, 1833. Children: Wealthy, 

April 13, 1786; David, October 29, 1787 ; Jona- 
than, mentioned below ; Amory, born April 15, 
1792; Justus, May 21, 1794; Lucy, October 
7, 1796; Justus, September 7, 1798; George, 
December 31, 1800; daughter, February 4, 
1803, died in infancy; Abigail, July 23, 1807. 

(VI) Deacon Jonathan (2) Kinney, son of 
Rev. and Captain Jonathan (i) Kinney, was 
born at Royalton, March 27, 1790, died No- 
vember 20, 1851. He was educated in the pub- 
lic schools of his native town and settled there. 
He was an upright, honorable and prominent 
citizen, of decided convictions and firmness of 
character. He was one of the first supporters 
of the temperance movement and among the 
first to circulate petitions against the liquoi 
business. He was a deacon of the First Con- 
gregational Church from 1833 until he died. 
He held most of the town offices in succession. 

He married, December 3, 1813, Tempe, 
daughter of Luther and Temperance Kilburn 
(Dewey) Skinner. She was born January 2, 
1790, at Royalton, died April 22, 1864. Chil- 
dren : Julia Ann, born February 10, 1815, mar- 
ried Lewis Skinner; Jonathan Kendrick, Jan- 
uary 10, 1817, died August 16, 1849, unmar- 
ried, a lawyer; Joseph Newcomb, mentioned 
below; Luther Skinner, October 23, 1820, died 
May 25, 1 88 1, married, December 2, 1841, 
Edna Walker; Lucy Skinner, born April 15, 
1823, died November 28, 1895, married Dr. 
John H. Wintrode of Huntington, PennsyK 
vania, and had Dr. John H. Wintrode of Win- 
terset, Iowa, and two other children ; Jemima 
Dewey, born March 6, 1826, died September 9, 
1827; Rodolphus Dewey, born August 30, 
1828, married. May 31, 1852, Sarah Parmalee, 
daughter of Amasa and Tamasin Dutton; 
Happy Temperance, born February 6, 1831, 
died February 3, 1872, married, May 11, 1854, 
Rev. L. Chaney of Heuvelton, New York. 

(VII) Joseph Newcomb, son of Deacon 
Jonathan (2) Kinney, was born at Royalton, 
Vermont, May 30, 1819, died January 9, 1905, 
at Cincinnati, Ohio. He was educated in the 
public schools of his native town. When a 
young man he removed to Cincinnati, Ohio, 
where he engaged in business. He was for a 
time in the pork packing industry but became 
interested financially in various traction com- 
panies and banking institutions. He was an 
officer of the Cincinnati Transfer Company, 
the electric railway and other street railways 
in Ohio. In politics he was a Republican and 
in religion a Presbyterian. 

Joseph N. Kinney married (first) Septem- 
ber 10, 1844, Althea Louisa Dutton, born Janu- 
ary 5, 1819, at Royalton, died in 1852, a daugh- 
ter of Amasa Jr. and Tamasin (Ashcroft) 
Dutton; (second) October 13, 1853, Mrs. Ann 

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1 133 

(Wilson) Morrison; (third) Laura Demnead, 
who died a few weeks after marriage; 
(fourth) Mrs. Louise (Woodruff) Tilden, 
who died in 1904, at Washington, D, C. Chil- 
dren by first wife: Joseph Newcomb, born 
August 2, 1849, 2it Cincinnati; Clark Dutton, 
May 2, 1852, at Cincinnati. Children of Jo- 
seph N. and Ann (Wilson-Morrison) Kinney: 
George Kilburn, bom March 25, 1855 ; Harry 
Wintrode, mentioned below; Kirk, May 25, 
i860; Dwight, May 11, 1862; Paul, June 21, 

(VIII) Harry Wintrode, son of Joseph 
Newcomb Kinney, was born at Cincinnati, 
Ohio, August 9, 1858. He attended the pub- 
lic schools of his native city and was graduated 
from the Woodward High School. He enter- 
ed Brown University, from which he was 
graduated with the degree of Bachelor of Arts 
in the class of 1880. He began his business 
career as a clerk in the State Bank at Fair- 
haven, state of Washington. He was pro- 
moted step by step and became cashier of the 
institution. After ten years in the banking 
business in the west, he returned to Cincin- 
nati. Since then he has been in the banking 
business in that city. His office is at 610 Trac- 
tion Building, Cincinnati, Ohio. He is a Pres- 
byterian in religion, though some of his family 
are Episcopalians. In politics he is a Repub- 
lican. He is a director of the Cincinnati Stock- 
yards Company ; also a member of the Queen 
City Club, the Cincinnati Country Club and 
the Cuvier Press Club. 

He married, at Qifton, Cincinnati, Ohio, 
April 21, 1891, Elizabeth Phelps Jordan, who 
was born February 21, 1867, daughter of Isaac 
M. and Hannah Elizabeth Phelps. Her father 
was a lawyer and was at one time a member 
of congress. Mr. and Mrs. Kinney have one 
child, Elizabeth, born June 24, 1892, in Wash- 

(The Newcomb Line). 

(IV) Hezekiah Newcomb, son of Simon 
Newcomb (q. v.), was born in E^gartown, 
Martha's Vineyard, in 1693-94, and removed 
at the age of ten with his parents to Lebanon, 
Connecticut. He learned the trade of carpen- 
ter and joiner, probably at New London, where 
he joined the church and was baptized Decem- 
ber 25, 1 716. At the time of his marriage he 
settled in Lebanon, and was admitted to the 
chureh, March 22, 1719, his wife, November 
20. 1720. He was made a freeman and held 
various town offices. He made no less than 
twelve purchases of land in Lebanon, and also 
became a proprietor of the town of Falltown, 
now Bernardston, Massachusetts, which he 
deeded to his grandson, Hezekiah Newcomb, 
of Lebanon, for good-will and affection. He 

never lived there, though his sons, Silas and 
Peter, were there four or five years. Later 
some of his grandsons settled there. He was 
a very pious man, and said to have been a 
deacon of the church. It is related that Sub- 
mit (Downer) Newcomb, wife of his son 
James, said that "during the whole time of 
her having ten children in his (Hezekiah's) 
House, she never heard him speak an angry 
word. The whole day long he would most 
always have his Bible in his hands.'* He died 
suddenly August 15, 1772. His will was dated 
August 30, 1770, and proved September i, 
1772. The inventory included "a pare of Sil- 
ver Shue Buckles, one pare of Gould Buttons, 
one firelock, one Sword, etc." The gold but- 
tons mentioned were doubtless those worn at 
his first marriage, later owned by his grandson 
John, son of Silas, who transformed them a 
hundred years afterward into a Masonic 
emblem now or lately owned by Daniel R. 
Strong, of LeRoy, New York. He married 
(first) November 14, 1716, Jerusha Bradford, 
baptized in Norwich, May 28, 1693, died No- 
vember 5, 1739, daughter of Thomas and Anne 
(Smith) Bradford, granddaughter of Major 
William and Alice (Richards) Bradford, and 
great-granddaughter of Governor William and 
Alice (Carpenter-South worth) Bradford. All 
the descendants of Hezekiah and Jerusha 
Newcomb are eligible to membership in the 
Mayflower Society. He married (second) in 

1741, Hannah , who, after his death, 

lived several years with her step-son, Peter 
Newcomb, and died in 1794 in what is now 
Columbia, Connecticut. Children, all by first 
wife: Silas, born September 2, 1717; Peter, 
November 28, 1718; Anne, March 4, 1720; 
Hezekiah, December 27, 1722, died young; 
Thomas, September 3, 1724; Jerusha, March 
24, 1726; Elizabeth, December 19, 1727; Sam- 
uel, September 2, 1729; Jemima, December 
14, 1730, married (first) Jonathan Lamb, and 
(second) June 12, 1755, Joseph Kinney (see 
Kinney IV) ; James, February 7, 1732-33. 

(Ill) Thomas (3) Olney, son of 
OLNEY Thomas (2) Olney (q. v.), was 
born May 7, 1661, died March i, 
1718. He married, July 13, 1687, Lydia 
Barnes, of Swansea, Massachusetts, daughter 
of Thomas and Prudence Barnes. He lived in 
North Providence, Rhode Island. Children, 
born in North Providence: Lydia, April 30, 
1688, in Swansea; Phebe, October 29, 1689; 
Sarah, August 26, 1693; Thomas, mentioned 
below; Elizabeth, January 29, 1698; Anne, 
March 26, 1700; Mary, February 25, 1702; 
Obadiah, February 14, 17 10. 

(IV) Thomas (4), son of Thomas (3) 

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1 134 


Olney, was bom in North Providence, Rhode 
Island, January i8, 1696, died December 7, 
1758. His grandfather bequeathed to him 
the north part of the Wenscott farm, includ- 
ing the mansion house and other buildings, 
in North Providence. His descendants still 
possess a part of this farm. He was buried 
in the family burying place on the farm. He 
married, August 8, 1723, Sarah, daughter of 
Joseph Smith. Children, bom in North Provi- 
dence: Joseph, December 12, 1724; Thomas, 
mentioned below; Isaac, 1728; Ezra, Novem- 
ber 22, 1729; Ithamar. 

(V) Thomas (5), son of Thomas (4) 
Olney, was bom in North Providence, Rhode 
Island, July 29, 1726, died April 13, 1793. 
He lived in North Providence. He served as 
representative from North Providence in the 
general assembly of Rhode Island, May, 1776. 
His descendants are entitled to membership in 
revolutionary societies (Page 222, Arnold, vol. 
xii, and page 46, CowelFs "Spirit of '76"). 
He married Siboleth Whipple. Son, Thomas, 
mentioned below. 

(VI) Thomas (6), only son of Thomas (5) 
Olney, sold his farm in North Providence to 
his cousin, Captain Stephen Olney, and be- 
tween 1790 and 1795 moved with most of his 
family to New York state, where he resided 
the remainder of his life. He married, 1771, 
Olive, daughter of Charles and Phebe (Shel- 
don) Olney, of North Providence. Charles 
was son of Epenetus and Mary (Williams) 
Olney. Mary Williams was a descendant of 
Roger Williams. Epenetus was son of Epene- 
tus and Mary (Whipple) Olney. Epenetus 
was son of Thomas (i) Olney. Children: 
Elizabeth, born November 12, 1771 ; Stephen, 
mentioned below; Olive, October 13, 1775; 
Thomas; Whipple, 1783; Nancy; Lavina; 
Charles; Elisha. 

(VII) Stephen, son of Thomas (6) Olney, 
was born November 23, 1773, died March 20, 
181 5, while on board the privateer brig "Mac- 
donough," in Bristol, Rhode Island. He mar- 
ried, January 21, 1800, Polly Thayer. Chil- 
dren: I. Elam, mentioned below; Stephen T., 
bom February 15, 1812, died July 2T, 1878, 
unmarried; was engaged in manufacturing and 
became a very wealthy man; bequeathed to 
Brown University $35,000 for the endowment 
of a professorship in botany. 

(VIII) Elam, son of Stephen Olney, was 
bom October 2, 1802, in Providence, Rhode 
Island, died there April 7, 1862. He married, 
1842, Helen Fuller. Children, born at Provi- 
dence: Mary H., November 9, 1843; Clara T., 
March 9, 1845, married, 1866, J. T. Vemes; 
Abby S., April 17, 1846, married, 1864, E. S. 
Stout; Stephen T., October 15, 1847, died No- 

vember 7, 1849 ; Elam W., February 16, 1849, 
died November 7, 1849; Frank F., mentioned 
below; Eliza S., May 2, 1852, married, 1881, 
W. S. Bartlett; Sarah, 1853, died September 
19, 1853; Stephen T., August i, 1859, died 
June 4, 1877. 

(IX) Colonel Frank Fuller Olney, son of 
Elam Olney, was born March 12, 185 1, at Eliz- 
abeth, New Jersey, in the schools of which 
city his education was begun. He was about 
nine years old when he came to Providence, 
Rhode Island, where his father died in 1862, 
and young Olney then made his home with his 
uncle, Stephen T. Olney. There he attended 
the public schools, and the University Gram- 
mar School, graduating in 1867. His training 
for business began in the office of the Wan- 
skuck Company, of which his uncle was one of 
the founders. There he became clerk at the 
age of seventeen years, and his principal busi- 
ness relation was his connection with this firm, 
he having succeeded to his uncle's large inter- 
est in the company upon the latter's death. 
During his early manhood he had a decided 
leaning toward a legal career, and took up the 
study of law in the office of W. W. & S. T. 
Douglas, but the pressure of extensive private 
interests prevented him from entering upon 
the practice of his profession. Perhaps it was 
one of those accidents which in time prove to 
be productive of more good results than could 
possibly attend the carrying out of the original 
intention. None but a trained business man 
could have carried out the multiplicity of inter- 
ests which filled the years of his prime and 
middle age to overflowing. 

It has been said that the strength of mind 
developed by his ancestors in years of strug- 
gle was a leading trait of his disposition. It 
is certain none of the virtues he inherited suf- 
fered deterioration in his life. Such qualities, 
indeed, in him took on new beauty in the light 
of the gracious social atmosphere which he 
created wherever he went. This, perhaps, was 
the most remarkable phase of a remarkable 
character. He turned from the demands of 
business life to the exactions of public service, 
the pleasures of social life, the voluntary duties 
of benevolence and charity, with a readiness 
and ease, and a facility for enthusiasm in all, 
which would lead one unacquainted with his 
responsibilities to believe they were centered 
in one subject. He grasped details intuitively, 
else he could never have mastered the intri- 
cacies of problems so diverse that his experi- 
ence in one line was of little use to him in 

With the instinct of the thorough man of 
affairs, Mr. Olney recognized the fact that 
none are fitted better than business men to 

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1 135 

manage public interests. In the conduct of 
his large private interests he came to know 
jnost clearly the needs of the municipality and 
state, and he was not afraid to make personal 
sacrifice of energy and time to attain worthy 
€nds in civil administration, or to secure the 
adoption of measures of whose wisdom he 
was assured by his own experience. Taking 
the measure of the man by his other achieve- 
Tnents, it is no wonder that he became a power 
in this field as in every other that he entered. 
He was a Republican, and in the year 1889 
was honored with the chairmanship of the city 
committee of his party, continuing in this office 
for a number of years, until he became identi- 
fied with the police commission. In the same 
year, 1889, he was elected to a seat in the com- 
mon council from the first ward, serving in 
1890-91-92, in the latter year being elected 
alderman from the same ward. He rounded 
out seven years of continuous service by three 
years as the executive head of the municipal 
government, having been elected mayor in the 
fall of 1893, reelected in 1894-95. True to his 
reputation and principles he honored the office 
in every act, and made the period of his serv- 
ice a credit to the city as well as to himself, 
a compliment to the judgment of those whose 
votes had placed him in the chair. He also 
held many other offices, the variety of the 
interests involved indicating equally the versa- 
tility of his abilities. From April 30, 1893, 
until 1898, he served as chairman of the state 
board of charities and corrections, a position 
requiring much tact as well as executive force, 
and in January, 1901, he was again appointed 
on that board by the general assembly to serve 
for six years. The same year Governor Kim- 
ball appointed him chairman of the new board 
of police commissioners, and to his excellent 
judgment and unprejudiced interest was due 
much of the improvement noticed in that de- 
partment. Although at the time he accepted 
the appointment the condition of his health 
scarcely warranted any new strain upon his 
energies, he gave himself to the work with the 
vigor and application of one whose resources 
could be given unreservedly to the task in 
land. Mr. Olney was also a member of the 
board of park commissioners from January, 
1895, until his death, October 24, 1903, and for 
two years previous to his death was chairman 
of that board. No higher recognition of faith- 
ful and efficient work could be given than the 
resolutions adopted by his associates in the 
public service. 

Military matters always formed an impor- 
tant interest in the life of Mr. Olney. Per- 
haps the quickening influences of the civil war 
period, coming in his youth and early man- 

hood, awakened in him the spirit which made 
him so useful and popular a member of the 
military organizations famous throughout the 
country. As the scion of an old and honorable 
family noted for their interest in military 
affairs, it was but natural that he should be- 
long to the Ancient and Honorable Artillery 
Company of Massachusetts, the National Lan- 
cers, of Boston, the Boston Light Infantry 
Corps, in which he was captain, and the Con- 
tinental Guards of New Orleans; But to none 
of these did he attach himself with the same 
devotion which marked his connection with the 
First Light Infantry Regiment of Providence, 
with which he was identified for over twenty 
years before his death. On January 2, 1882, 
he joined Company D. On August 6, 1884, he 
became a member of the Veteran Association 
of the Regiment, in which he was elected to 
the position of commissary, May 3, 1886, con- 
tinuing in that position until he was chosen 
colonel. May 13, 1889. He served in the last 
office for four years. In 1897, when the pro- 
visional Company E was organized to fill the 
vacancy made by the deflection of Company 
D, Mr. Olney was one of the first to join the 
new company, his connection dating from 
March 12. He did everything in his power to 
make a success of the new company, and so it 
goes without saying that it was a success. At 
the first election of officers, held on April 19, 
he was chosen second lieutenant, and on June 
14, when Captain Thornton died, he was elect- 
ed first lieutenant. Captain Kendrick died in 
the following year, and on April 18, 1898, 
Lieutenant Olney was unanimously elected to 
the command of the company. In this position 
he was of great service in many ways, and 
maintained a high standard of excellence. 

Except for his membership in Corinthian 
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, Mr. Olney 
had no connection with secret orders. But 
with organizations formed for social pleasures 
he was in ready sympathy and exchanged 
social courtesies with his fellow members in 
all the leading clubs and societies of the city., 
and others of more local note. On July 29, 
1890, he joined the Pomham Club; in 1892 
the Squantum Association; on September 3, 
1898, the Providence Central Club; he also be- 
longed to the Hope Club of Providence, the 
Athletic Club, the West Side Club, the Provi- 
dence Art Club, the Providence Whist Club, 
the Rhode Island Philatelic Society, the Rhode 
Island Temperance League, the Rhode Island 
Veteran Citizens' Historical Association, the 
Rhode Island School of Design, the Home 
Market Qub of Boston, and the Rhode Island 
Yacht Club. He was active in all these soci- 
eties, but was especially interested in the 

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1 136 


yachting circles. He belonged to the Rhode 
Island, New York and Bristol Yacht clubs, 
joining the first in 1892, being elected vice- 
commodore in 1898, and commodore, Febru- 
ary 19, 1902. He continued as such until his 
death, and the Rhode Island Yacht Club never 
had a better man at its head. He made a name 
for himself and his club among Rhode Island 
yachtsmen and, indeed, all along the coast. 
Liberal in this as in all things, he gave many 
handsome cups and other trophies, and his 
strict sense of honor forbade anything that 
had even the semblance of unfairness or dis- 
honesty. He entertained lavishly, and had no 
greater delight than seeing his guests happy. 
The first boat he owned was the steam yacht, 
"L ini Cita," followed by the sloop "Amy," a 
fast racer and crusier, which he purchased in 
1894, and with which he won several prizes. 
In 1898 he came into possession of the schooner 
yacht "Rusalka,** a powerful boat in her class. 
Later he had the "Ingomar,'* a magnificently 
fitted schooner yacht ; her name he changed to 
"Esperanza." His captain, Lewis H. Tilling- 
hast, of Pawtuxet, is one of the best known 
racing yachtsmen on this coast. 

Mr. Olney attended the First Congregational 
Church, Unitarian. Christianity was to him 
the embodiment of the highest principles of 
man's duty to man, and he endeavored to ex- 
emplify his faith in his daily walk. His home 
life was in keeping with the rest of his char- 
acter, even and beautiful, his devotion to his 
loved ones vying with their devotion to him. 
When he was taken away in the very prime 
of his life, many sincere and beautiful tributes 
were made to his memory. He was buried in 
Swan Point cemetery, with the same lack of 
pomp and display which ' characterized him 
through life, but the hearts in Providence who 
knew him need the recollections of no elab- 
orate funeral services to fix his name in their 

We append herewith some of the many ex- 
pressions of sympathy which poured in from 
all sides at the announcement of Mr. Olney's 
taking away, in the very prime of his man- 
hood and usefulness. The Providence Journal 
said in part : 

It is almost, if not entirely, possible to say of Col. 
Olney, that he did not possess an enemy in the 
world. If he had enemies, they were men who did 
not now him personally, for all animosity would 
disappear upon contact with the man. He was of 
an unusually lovable disposition, kind-hearted and 
generous to a fault and with the exuberant and 
happy spirit of a boy only half concealed behind 
the manner of a man of the world. It seemed his 
delight to afford happiness to others; he was a 
charming companion, and as a host his bountiful 
hospitality, dispensed with the manner of sincere 

enjoyment, was not a matter easily to be forgotten. 
His philanthropic disposition found continuous ex- 
ercise; his gifts to various charities were not small; 
and never ending little acts of kindness to poor 
people won for him a host of humble friends who 
sincerely mourn him. 

Among the resolutions of regret passed by 
his fellow workers in the public service, we 
give those received from the Republican City 
Committee, the Police Commission and the 
Board of Park Commissioners: 

Resolved, That we, members of the Republican 
City Committee of the City of Providence, moved 
with deep sorrow by the sudden death of our fel- 
low citizen, Frank Fuller Olney, desire to record 
our profound affection, admiration and respect for 
him as a man, a public official and co-worker in 
the ranks of the Republican party. 

His life affords an inspiring example of the citi- 
zen of independent means, unsparingly devoting 
his time and energies to the public service, ani-' 
mated by no selfish purpose, but by a high sense 
of civic duty. The positions of honor and respon- 
sibility to which he was from time to time called, 
he accepted without a thought of the personal sac- 
rifices they involved, and discharged his public 
duties with courage, justice and wisdom. Full of 
love and loyalty for the State to which he was 
bound by ties of birth and family history, he was 
ever alert to advance its glory and guard its honor. 
Second only to his patriotism was his devotion to 
the principles of the Republican party, to which he 
gave a lifelong fidelity, and the Republicans of 
Providence will ever remember with gratitude the 
successful services he rendered during the fourteen 
years as Chairman of this committee. Generous, 
broad-minded and warm-hearted, he was beloved 
by all who knew him, and his memory will long 
be cherished by the people of this city and State, 
for whose interests he ever labored. 

Whereas, The Board of Police Commissioners 
for the City of Providence has learned with feel- 
ings of deepest sorrow and regret of the removal 
by death of one of its members, and 

Whereas, By the death of Frank Fuller Olney 
this Board has lost a stanch friend and earnest 
worker and the city of Providence a public servant 
who has labored zealously for the improvement of 
the several city and State departments with which 
he was connected, therefore be it 

Resolved, That we, the members of the Board of 
Police Commissioners for the city of Providence, 
do hereby express our profound sorrow and regret 
at the death of our beloved associate. During the 
two years of service as Chairman of the Board, he 
gave the closest attention to every detail of work at 
great personal sacrifice, that he might counsel 
wisely when the time for action arrived. He was 
always courteous *to people who had occasion to 
call upon him and his kind words and ready re- 
sponse to those in need of material assistance will 
cause him to be remembered with love and rever- 
ence by hundreds of beneficiaries. 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be 
sent to the family of Mr. Olney. 

Whereas, The Board of Park Commissioners 
learn with feelings of the deepest sorrow of the 
death of Frank Fuller Olney, a member of the 
Board since January 7, 1895, and its President since 
January 10, 1903, and whereas by the death of 
Frank Fuller Olney this Board has lost a valued 

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1 137 

member and the city of Providence an earnest 
worker, who faithfully labored for the improvement 
of the Parks of this city, as well as for its highest 
interests in all other departments, therefore be it 

Resolved, That we, the members of the Board of 
Park Commissioners of the city of Providence, do 
hereby express our heartfelt sorrow and regret at 
the death of our beloved associate. 

Resolved, That on the minutes of this meeting be 
entered the sincere regrets of his associates, with 
their appreciation of his ability and courtesy as 
presiding officer of this Board, and his devotion 
to the work of the commission, and also that a 
copy of these resolutions be sent to the family of 
the deceased President. 

The First Light Infantry Regiment gave ap- 
propriate expression to their feelings in the 
memorial service held in the Captain's honor 
at the Church of Our Savior on Monday, De- 
cember 14, 1903. The entire regiment was 
present in full dress uniform, Chaplain Whitte- 
more preached the sermon, and the simple 
services were such as the one whose memory 
they honored would himself have chosen. 
What he was to his comrades in that organiza- 
tion is indicated in the resolutions they adopted : 

We, the members of the First Light Infantry 
Regiment of Providence, Rhode Island, in appre- 
ciation of our great loss in the death of our com- 

Frank Fuller Olney, 
in meeting assembled have 

Resolved, That we can not adequately express 
our grief that there should be taken from us one 
who, for more than twenty consecutive years, gave 
his constant thought and energy for the success of 
this Regiment, which as private and officer he 
served loyally and faithfully. 

Resolved, That we dwell with loving memory 
upon those genial traits of his character which 
endeared him to all, and with pride upon those 
abilities by which our comrade merited and attained 
the highest civic honors. 

Resolved, That we will endeavor to maintain the 
enthusiasm which he inspired by striving earnestly 
for the welfare of the regiment he so dearly loved 
For the Regiment, 
Walter J. Comstock, John A. S. Gammons, 

Walter J. Lewis, John E. Pickup, 

Samuel A. Rowland, Frederick Hayes, 

Herbert A. Daniels, John C. Pegram, Jr., 

J. Henry Davenport, F. Lee Whittemore. 

The Rhode Island Yacht Clyb sent the fol- 
lowing : 

Whereas, Frank Fuller Olney, Commodore of 
the Rhode Island Yacht Club, since February 24, 

1902, died at his home in Providence, October 24, 

1903, and whereas the Rhode Island Yacht Club 
has sustained a most severe loss in the removal of 
one so esteemed and beloved by all, and one who 
took such an active personal interest in the affairs 
of this club and gave to it his generous - support, 
therefore be it 

Resolved, That we, the members of the Rhode 
Island Yacht Club, place on record this expression 
of profound sorrow for our loss, and be it further 
resolved that we hereby express sincerest sympa- 

thy to the family of our late Commodore, and that 
a copy of these resolutions be engrossed and for- 
warded to them. 

Mr. Olney married, in Providence, Lizzie 
F., daughter of George Smith and Abigail 
(Livermore) Dow (see Dow XI). Children, 
born in Providence: i. Lizzie Florence, bom 
January 4, 1873; married Robert Blakely 
Crawford, M. D., of Houston, Texas, and 
Keswick, Virginia ; twins — Robert Blakely, Jr., 
August 18, 1910, and Thomas Olney, August 
18, 1910. 2. Elam Ward, born June 30, 1874, 
died August 31, 1874. 3. Elam Ward, born 
November 28, 1875 ; was a member of the firm 
of Congdon & Olney, Providence, and is now 
engaged in business in New York City ; mar- 
ried Ada Blackford, and they have children: 
Elam W., died in infancy, and Elam W., born 
February 23, 1907. 

(The Dow Line). 

The surname Dow is of ancient English 
origin, dating back to the very beginning of the 
use of family names. 

(I) John Dow, the English ancestor to 
whom the American family traces its ancestry, 
died at Tylner, Norfolk county, England, in 
July, 1581, and was buried July 7, 1581. His 
will mentions two brothers, William and 
Thomas Dow, and children: Thomas, men- 
tioned below ; John, Edith. 

(II) Thomas, son of John Dow, was born 
in Tylner, England, and lived afterward in 
Runham, Norfolk. He married Margaret 
. Children: i. Henry, mentioned be- 
low. 2. Christopher, had nine children. 3. 
Daughter, married Stephen Farrar. 4. Daugh- 
ter, married March. 

(III) Henry, son of Thomas Dow, was 
born in county Norfolk, England, and resided 
at Runham ift that county. He married Eliz- 
abeth . Children: i. Thomas, men- 
tioned below. 2. Henry, born about 1608; set- 
tled in Hampton, New Hampshire. 3. Ed- 
ward. 4. Mary. 5. Francis. 6. William. 

(IV) Thomas (2), son of Henry Dow, was 
the immigrant ancestor of this branch. He 
was an early settler of Newbury, Massachu- 
setts, and was admitted a freeman June 22, 
1642. He bought a house and land there in 
1648. Later he removed to Haverhill, where 
he died May 31, 1654. His nuncupative will 
was dated May 29, 1654, and proved February 
2, 1656. He married Phebe , who mar- 
ried (second) John Eaton, of Haverhill, No- 
vember 20, 1661. Children: i. John. 2. 
Thomas, died June 21, 1676. 3. Stephen, men- 
tioned below. 4. Mary, born April 26, 1644. 
5. Martha, June i, 1648. 

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1 138 


(V) Stephen, son of Thomas (2) Dow, was 
born March 22, 1642, died July 13, 1717. He 
married (first) Anna Storie, and (second) 
Joanna Hutchins. 

(VI) John, son of Stephen Dow, was bom 
July 13, 1675 ; married Sarah Brown. 

(VII) Joseph, son of John Dow, was bom 
April 21, 1699; married Judith Bootman. 

(VIII) Henry, son of Joseph Dow, whose 
birth date is unknown, married Mary Emery. 

(IX) Joseph, son of Henry Dow, was born 
August 21, 1785, married Charlotte Smith.* 

(X) George Smith, son of Joseph Dow, 
married Abigail Livermore (see Livermore 

(XI) Lizzie P., daughter of George Smith 
Dow, married Colonel Frank Fuller Olney 
(see Olney IX). 

(The Livermore Line). 

(I) John Livermore, the immigrant ances- 
tor, was born in England, and sailed from the 
port of Ipswich in April, 1634, at the age of 
twenty-eight years in the ship "Francis." He 
married Grace Sherman, daughter of Edmund 
and Grace (Makin) Sherman, of Dedham and 
Colchester, county Essex, England. Her 
father also came in 1634 and he died at New 
Haven, Connecticut, in 1641. Livermore was 
admitted a freeman. May 6, 1635. In the same 
year he went to Wethersfield, Connecticut, and 
in 1638-39 he was one of the original settlers 
of New Haven, Connecticut, and signed the 
fundamental agreement. His home lot was on 
the west side of Fleet street, next but one to 
the harbor. He was a potter by trade. He 
became a prominent citizen and held the office 
of selectman and other offices ; and was admit- 
ted a freeman, October 29, 1640, and took the 
oath of fidelity, July i, 1644. In 1646 he was 
corporal of the New Haven Conjpany, resign- 
ing in 1647. He removed to Watertown, Mas- 
sachusetts, where he was on jury duty in July, 
1653 ; and he owned two acres on the east side 
of Fresh Pond and other lands in Watertown ; 
he was constable there in 1654 and for several 
years afterward, selectman in 1665-66-67-68- 
69 and on the prudential committee in 1668. 
John Livermore died April 14, 1684, aged 
seventy-eight, and his will was proved June 
16, 1684. His wife Grace died at Chelmsford, 
January 14, 1690, and her will was dated De- 
cember 19, 1690 and proved in June, 1691. 
Children: Hannah, born 1633; Elizabeth; 
Sarah; John; Nathaniel; Samuel, born May 
II, 1640, at New Haven; Daniel, baptized at 
New Haven, October 7, 1643 ; Mary, baptized 
September 12, 1647; Edmund, born at Water- 
town, March 8, 1659; Martha. 

(II) Samuel, son of John Livermore, was 
born in 1640; married Anna Bridge. 

(III) Thomas, son of Samuel Livermore, 
born January 5, 1675; married Mary Bright. 

(IV) Elisha, son of Thomas Livermore, 
was born January 9, 1720; married Sarah 

(V) Abijah, son of Elisha Livermore, was 
bom December, 1745 ; married Mary Dix. 

(VI) Elisha (2), son of Abijah Livermore, 
married (first) Elizabeth Cove, and (second) 
Sarah Hubbard. 

(VII) Abigail, daughter of Elisha Liver- 
more, married George Smith Dow (see Dow 

The immigrant ancestor of this 
WEEKES branch of the family is said to 
have been of "an ancient and 
honorable Devonshire family'* whose original 
name was Wrey. This family had its seat at 
North Wyke, in Tawton Hundred, about 
twenty miles west of the city of Exeter, dur- 
ing the latter part of the fourteenth century. 
Also there is a tradition that George Weekes 
was of Huguenot origin, while still another 
says he was descended from the Dutch re- 
fugees from the persecutions of the Duke of 
Alva. The name has been spelled in various 
ways — Wyke, Wykes, Wikes, Week, Weeks, 
and Weekes. It is a very ancient surname in 

(I) George Weekes, the immigrant ances- 
tor, came to Dorchester, Massachusetts, in the 
ship *with Rev. Richard Mather, in 1635. Ac- 
cording to tradition there were four brothers 
who came together, and one was drowned 
in landing, one settled near Boston, one went 
east and one southwest. Thomas of Hunt- 
ington, Long Island, and Francis of Oyster 
Bay, Long Island, and Edwin, of Maine, arc 
thought to have been brothers of George, 
while the one who was drowned may have 
been Joseph, aged twenty-six, mentioned as 
an emigrant in 1635, of whom no further 
trace has been found. One historian says that 
George was about forty years old when he 
came to America, and that he had two or three 
children then. He is spoken of as "a man in 
high estimation, of a religious family," and 
he was prominent in the colony, having a fine 
education for the times. He and his wife 
were admitted to the church December 21, 
1639, and he was made freeman May 13, 1640. 
He held various town offices; was selectman 
in 1645-47-48, and perhaps other years; he 
also served as surveyor, and was often on com- 
missions to lay out roads and to make boun- 
daries. He was interested in public schools, 

Digitized by 




and his name is recorded several times in con- 
nection with the subject of free public schools. 
He was one of the signers of a conveyance in 
1641 of Thompson's Island to the town for 
school purposes, in Dorchester. He owned 
several tracts of land. He died December 28, 
1650, and his widow married as second wife 
Jonas Humphrey; he died March 19, 1662, 
and she died August 2, 1668, leaving a will. 
The descendants of George spell the name both 
Weeks and Weekes. George Weekes married 
Jane Clapp, sister of Captain Roger Clapp, 
who came in the "Mary and John" from Sal- 
combe Regis, Devonshire, England. Chil- 
dren: William, Jane and Ammiel, born in 
England; Joseph, born in Dorchester. 

(H) Ammiel, son of George Weekes, was 
born in England, in 1633. He and his wife 
were admitted to the Dorchester church May 
18, 1656, and he was made freeman May 6, 
1657. He is first mentioned in 1657, when he 
owned land in the town. He served as con- 
stable in 1673, and the same year was on a 
commission to run a town line, again in 1674 
and 1678 ; he also held various other positions 
of trust. From the inventory of his estate 
he also was a surveyor, as was his father. He 
died April 20, 1679, aged forty-six years, and 
his wife was administratrix on his estate. On 
January 13, 1718-9, she testified in regard to 
the identification of John Glover's property, 
and signed her mark, because of her age or 
sickness, as she knew how to write. She died 
April 10, 1723, aged eighty-nine years, and 
was buried beside her husband in the south- 
west part of the old graveyard in Stoughton 
street, near Upham's corner. Ammiel Weekes 

married Elizabeth . One writer says 

that her surname was Gore, and that she was 
the first child born in Boston, but this is not 
correct, as there was no family by that name 
in Boston then, and John Gore, the first settler 
by that name, lived in Roxbury and had no 
daughter Elizabeth. The first child named 
Elizabeth, recorded as born in Boston, al- 
though not the first child born there, who 
could have been in the ninetieth year of her 
age in 1723, was the daughter of William and 
Elizabeth Aspinwall, born September 30, 1633. 
William Aspinwall was deacon of the Charles- 
town church in 1629, before he moved to Bos- 
ton ; he was active in the controversy concern- 
ing Mrs. Anne Hutchinson, and for his part in 
it he was disfranchised, disarmed and ban- 
ished ; he went to Rhode Island, where he was 
first secretary of the colony, and later re- 
turned to England. Peter Aspinwall, prob- 
ably a relative of William, was one of the 
sureties on the bond of Elizabeth Weekes, and 
this helps the theory that she was daughter of 

William Aspinwall. Children of Ammiel and 
Elizabeth : William, baptized August 26, 1655 ; 
Elizabeth, baptized September 14, 1656, died 
young; EHzabeth, baptized October 17, 1657; 
Thankful, born April 24, 1660; Ammiel, men- 
tioned below; Ebenezer, bom May 15, 1665; 
Joseph, September 3, 1667; Supply, August 
26, 1671 ; Thomas, November 20, 1673; Han- 
nah, May 14, 1676, died August 3, 1683. 

(III) Ammiel (2), son of Ammiel (i) 
Weekes, was born in Dorchester, September 
15, and baptized September 21, 1662. He 
served in the expedition to Canada, enlisting 
October 3, 1690, under Captain John Withing- 
ton, with his brothers Joseph and Thomas. 
He married, March 2, 1682-3, Abigail Tres- 
cott, who was born September 9, 1656. In 
1736 their son George was the only child liv- 
ing, as shown by a deed registered in Worces- 
ter county to Timothy Green of lands which 
Ammiel the father had received for his serv- 
ices in Canada. Children, bom in Dorchester : 
Ammiel, February 26, 1683-4; Abigail, April 
29, 1687; George, mentioned below; Mehitabel, 
twin of George. 

(IV) George, son of Ammiel (2) Weekes, 
was born in Dorchester, March 20, 1688-9. He 
lived in Boston for a time, and in 17 14 moved 
to Harwich, Massachusetts, Barnstable county. 
He was dismissed from the Old South church 
in Boston, March 27, 1720, to join the Har- 
wich church, "North Side," now in Brewster. 
He moved to the south part of the town, where 
he carried on a farm, and many of his 
descendants still live there. Although he did 
not have what is called a liberal education, he 
read many theological works of the day and 
knew the Scriptures well. In 1730 he began 
preaching to the Indians, although not or- 
dained as a minister, and at his own expense 
built a church for them. Also occasionally he 
preached at his house for his neighbors, as the 
distance to the church was far for some, in a 
parish of twenty-three square miles. Mr. 
Stone, the pastor, objected, however, and sent 
him a letter of remonstrance. Later Mr. 
Stone complained to the church, saying that 
"the commission in Matt. 28: 19 cannot be 
given to people in common, but to some dis- 
tinguished qualified persons"; that Mr. 
Weekes had "no more if so much as early 
common education" ; that "the making of the 
ministers of the lowest of the people is in 
scriptures disallowed" ; that he had "preached 
to a people of whom I have the pastoral 
charge, without my leave, and against my de- 
clared mind" ; that if any one was allowed to 
preach, "what then becomes of the pastoral 
office?" A few years later Mr. Weekes took 
pity on an unfortunate woman and sheltered 

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her and her child in his house, giving her em- 
ployment. Others, disapproving of this act, 
refused to remain at communion with him, and 
he consequently stayed away. When asked 
for an account for his absence he made ex- 
planations which were accepted, but he was 
advised to dismiss the woman from his service, 
and to **avoid her conversation as much as is 
convenient, or at least inform us of your rea- 
sons which prevent you from doing this if 
you think proper." He evidently was far 
ahead of his times in his ideas of the duties 
of Christianity. The troubles with the min- 
isters and others at this time doubtless were 
the cause of the cloudings of his mind which 
came upon him in the latter part of his 
life. He spent a good part of the time in aim- 
less wanderings about the country, and died 
of exposure to cold in the low ground south 
of Harwich Academy, known now as 
Weekes's Hollow, being at that time over 
eighty years of age. In 1726 he preached a 
sermon on occasion of the remarkable preser- 
vation of Ebenezer Taylor, who was buried in 
a deep well for ten hours, and this has been 
reprinted with an essay entitled "A Parent's 
Advice to his Children," and a sketch of his 
life by Sidney Brooks, a descendant. This is 
the only family to keep the spelling Weekes. 
He married, October 15, 1714, Deborah, 
daughter of Ananias Wing. She was born in 
May, 1687, and died February 9, 1725-6. Chil- 
dren: Abigail, born August 29, 1715; Mehita- 
bel, April 21, 1717; Deborah, born July 26, 
1718; Ammiel, mentioned below; Hannah, 
September 21, 1721 ; Elizabeth, September 16, 
1724; son, January 24, 1725-6, died soon. 

(V) Deacon Ammiel Weekes (3), son of 
George Weekes, was born in Harwich, April 
10, 1720, and died February 12, 1804. He 
was a farmer, and also made salt of sea water. 
He was a deacon of the church and very con- 
scientious in his religion. He resigned his 
office as constable rather than collect taxes 
for the support of the gospel, and he was very 
strict in his regard for the Sabbath. As the 
observance of Sunday began Saturday even- 
ing, in order to commence, "every Saturday 
afternoon, while the sun was yet high, he 
would come in from his work, wash, shave, 
take his frugal supper of bread and milk, and 
sit down to the reading of his Bible." He 
married, March 2, 1742-3, Phebe, daughter 
of Jonathan Smalley, whose son Jonathan 
married Hannah, sister of Ammiel. She was 
born in 171 7, and died April 21, 1793. Chil- 
dren, born in Harwich: Isaac, mentioned be- 
low; Phebe, born June 6, 1749; Deborah, Jan- 
uary II, 1751; Ammiel, January 11, 1754; 

Ebenezer, born September 11, 1755; Mehita- 
bel, August 9, 1758. 

(VI) Isaac, son of Ammiel (3) Weekes, 
was born in Harwich, April 11, 1747, and died 
July 12, 1792. He married, July, 1775, Thank- 
ful Nickerson. Children, born in Harwich: 
Reuben, mentioned below ; Jemima, born 1778 ; 
Isaac, May 19, 1780; Deborah, married Isaiah 

(VII) Reuben, son of Isaac Weekes, was 
born in Harwich October 15, 1776, and was 
drowned May 19, 1800. He was a sea cap- 
tain, and lived at Pocasset, Massachusetts. 
He married, September 21, 1797, Anna Bur- 
gess, born June 16, 1770, died February 21, 
1843. She married (second) Seth Cobb. 
Children: Thankful, born March 12, 1799; 
Reuben, mentioned below. 

(VIII) Reuben (2), son of Reuben (i) 
Weekes, was born August 12, 1800, and died 
August 30, 1856. He was a mason at Po- 
casset, and at Providence, Rhode Island. He 
married Anne Perry Bliss, who was born No- 
vember 3, 1798, and died December 9, 1880. 
Children: Ardelia Perry, born at Pocasset, 
January 17, 1820; Jemima Nickerson, at Pb- 
casset, November 3, 1821 ; Silas Bliss, men- 
tioned below ; George Reed, Providence, May 

18, 1836; Emily Anne Frances, November 25, 
1835; Edwin Elliott, May 30, 1841. 

(IX) Silas Bliss, son of Reuben (2) 
Weekes, was born at Pocasset, Massachusetts, 
July 10, 1824. When he was three years old 
he came with his parents to Providence, Rhode 
Island, where he received his early education 
in the public schools. Afterward he learned 
the trade of carpenter, and became a promi- 
nent builder and contractor in Providence. 
He was active in public affairs, a Jacksonian 
Democrat in politics, and represented the 
ward in the city council. He was a member 
of the Temple of Honor. In religion he was 
a Methodist. He was of attractive personality, 
an able, upright man of business, a good citi- 
zen and popular among all classes of men. 

He married (first) December 25, 1843, Abby 
B. Rhodes, of Providence, and (second) May 

19, 185 1, Susan Tennant Wilmarth, who was 
born December 23, 183 1. Children of second 
marriage: Ida Bliss, born March 4, 1854; 
Reuben De Motte, mentioned below; Anna 
Cora Mort, born February 26, i860. 

(X) Reuben De Motte, son of Silas Bliss 
Weekes, was born in Providence, March 5, 
1859, and received his early education there 
in the public schools. He began to work for 
the Rhode Island Tool Company, and while 
employed by this concern he assisted in the 
manufacture of guns for the Turkish govern- 

Digitized by 




ment. During three years and a half he was 
engaged in the hay and grain business with 
Munroe & Osier, on Canal street. In 1880 
he had joined the fire department as a call 
man, and in 1882. he became a hoseman on 
regular duty. For seven years he was driver 
of the chemical engine. Subsequently he was 
appointed lieutenant of Hose Company No. 4, 
and in 1896 he became its captain. In Decem- 
ber, 1905, he was made district chief of the 
fire department, and since July 5, 1909, he has 
been chief of the Providence Fire Department. 
He is a member of What Cheer Lodge, Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, and attends 
the Hope Street Congregational Church. He 
is a member of the Central Club, of Provi- 
dence. In politics he is a Republican. Mr. 
Weekes is personally popular not only among 
his subordinates in the fire department and 
his associates in the city government, but • 
among all classes of men. He has adminis- 
tered the affairs of his department with con- 
spicuous ability and kept the reputation of the 
department as one of the best in the country 
for cities of this class. 

He married, February 17, 1891, Lizzie May 
Weeks, who was born September 25, 1872, 
daughter of Edwin and Lucy (Wittum) 
Weeks. Lucy Wittum was daughter of Daniel 
and Abigail (McLaughlin) Wittum, of St. 
Stephen, New Brunswick. The Weeks family 
was prominent for generations among the old 
families of Nantucket. Child: John Milton, 
born April 30, 1894. 

The surname Chapman is 
CHAPMAN derived from the Anglo- 
Saxon, Ceapman, meaning 
trader or merchant. The German Kaufmann 
has the same definition. Most of the immi- 
grants of the name who came to New England 
were from the northeast part of England, 
Yorkshire, Lincolnshire, etc. 

(I) Edward Chapman, the immigrant an- 
cestor, came from Yorkshire, England, not far 
from Hull, and is thought to have landed in 
Boston about 1639. He evidently settled in 
Rowley, Massachusetts, and bought land in 
what is now Linebrook parish, some miles 
from Ipswich. He was a miller and a farmer. 
He is supposed to have been of the colony 
of Rev. Nathaniel Rogers, of Ipswich, or to 
have joined it soon after its settlement in 
Rowley. In 1644 he was a grantee of Ipswich. 
He purchased various lots of land in Ipswich, 
investing not only his own money, but the 
money left his children by their grandfather, 
Mark Symonds, in order to have property 
ready for them when they should need it. 
His son Nathaniel sued him for his share, 

when he married, and a committee divided the 
land into five parts for each of the children, 
though Nathaniel seems to have been the only 
one to take his share, the others leaving the 
land in their father's care. "He was an in- 
dustrious, energetic Christian, cautious, firm, 
and decided in his opinions, who preferred to 
keep his property in his own hands till his 
children learned to earn their living and take 
care of their own earnings.*' His will was 
dated April 9, 1678, and proved April 30, 1678. 
He died April 18, 1678. 

He married (first) in Rowley, March, 1642, 
Mary, daughter of Mark Symonds, of 
Ipswich ; Mark Symonds was born in England 
in 1584, died April 23, 1659; his wife Joanna 
died April 25, 1660. Mary (Symonds) Chap- 
man died June 10, 1658. He married (sec- 
ond) Dorothy, daughter of Richard Swan, 
and widow of Thomas Abbot, of Rowley. She 
married (third) November 13, 1678, Arche- 
laus Woodman, of Newbury. Children by 
first wife: Simon (or Symonds), born at Row- 
ley, 1643; Mary, born September 22, 1648; 
Nathaniel, married Mary Wilborn; Samuel, 
mentioned below; John, married Rebecca 

(II) Samuel, son of Edward Chapman, wab 
born in 1655, died January 26, 1722, aged six- 
ty-seven years. He was a wheelwright and 
farmer. He joined the church in 1673, at 
Ipswich. He moved to Hampton, soon after 
1700, on Brumble Hill, now in North Hamp- 
ton. According to tradition he was persuaded 
to leave home because of the danger from 
witchcraft prosecution at the time. His widow 
declined to administer his estate, so his sons 
Joseph and Samuel were appointed adminis- 
trators, and they made a return of the in- 
ventory, June I, 1724. He was an influential 
man in the community. In May, 17 19, he 
presented to the council of New Hampshire a 
petition for a meeting house to be erected in 
the town of North Hill. Although the peti- 
tion was granted, unforeseen difficulties de- 
layed the building of the church until sixteen 
years after his death. He married (first) 
at Ipswich, May 20, 1678, Ruth, daughter of 
Samuel Ingalls, and she died June 22, 1700, 
at -Ipswich. He married (second) Phebe 

. Children by first wife, born in 

Ipswich: Samuel, mentioned below; John, 
married Dorothy Chase; Joseph, born April 
6, 1685 J Ruth, born January 10, 1686-87 J Ed- 
ward, died at Ipswich, October 17, 1688; 
Mary, born January 2, 1690-91 ; Job, born 
about 1693 ; Edmund, born about 1697. 

(III) Samuel (2), son of Samuel (i) Chap- 
man, was born in Ipswich, February 12, 1679, 
died April 21, 1742, in Greenland, Massachu- 

Digitized by 


1 142 


setts, where he was a farmer. He left prop- 
erty to many heirs. He settled first in Hamp- 
ton, Massachusetts, living there about twelve 
years before moving to Greenland. He was 
a cordwainer in Hampton. He married, 
March ii, 1702, Phebe Balch, widow, daugh- 
ter of Pennel. She was from Man- 
chester, Massachusetts, and died in Greenland, 
April II, 1738. On May 25, 1696, she signed 
a deed as Phebe Pennel, showing that within 
six years she married, was made a widow and 
married again. Children, born in Hampton: 
Phebe, December 29, 1702; Paul, November 
4, 1704; Samuel, mentioned below; Martha, 
September 9, 1708; Pennel, May 23, 1711 ; 
Joseph, June 10, 1713; Benjamin, baptized 
17 17; Jonathan, baptized 17 19; Ruth, baptized 
1 7 19; Abigail, borri 1721. 

(IV) Samuel (3), son of Samuel (2) Chap- 
man, was born in Hampton, Massachusetts, 
December 7, 1706, died when aged about 
ninety years, in Danville, Vermont. He settled 
in Newmarket, Massachusetts, about 1730, 
where he was a farmer, and seems to have 
been successful and influential. After his sec- 
ond marriage he moved to Stratham, Massa- 
chusetts, where for years he was prominent 
and active in town affairs. Through his trust 
in others he lost his property late in life, and 
then moved to northern Vermont, in Danville, 
with his daughter Hannah's husband, and 
there lived the remainder of his life in the 
cold climate, aided by his children in New- 
market. The settlers in Danville had to en- 
dure many privations and much suffering dur- 
ing the first years. He married (first) 

York, and he married (second) about 1760, a 
widow with children. Children by first wife, 
born in Newmarket : John, July 5, 1730; Mary, 
March 8, 1732; Samuel, March 9, 1734; Ben- 
jamin, mentioned below; Phebe, June 10, 
1739, died May 14, 1750; Edmund, February 
18, 1 741 ; Noah, March 24, 1743, killed in the 
house by lightning, August 8, 1759; Elizabeth, 
January 14, 1745, died May 30, 1760; Rev. 
Eliphaz, March 7, 1747; Martha, August 11, 
1749; David, December 7, 1752. By second 
wife, born in Stratham: Hannah, married 

(V) Benjamin, son of Samud (3) Chap- 
man, was born in Newmarket, January 4, 1737. 
He was a farmer in Newmarket. He married 
Mary Brackett. Children, born in Newmar- 
ket: Paul, November 9, 1761; Lydia; Noah; 
John ; Joseph, mentioned below. 

(VI) Joseph, son of Benjamin ChapnKin, 
was bom in Newmarket, settled in Meredith. 
He died July 24, 1822. He married (first) 
about 1792, Polly Ray, who died about 1810. 
He married (second) Olive Dustin, and she 

married (second) October 2, 1823, Asa Eager, 
of Meredith Bridge, and had other children. 
Children by first wife, born in Meredith: 
Polly, 1794; Eben, mentioned below; Sally, 
1798; Betsey, 1800; Joseph, 1802; John, 1804; 
Christopher C, 1806; Nancy, 1808. By second 
wife: Benjamin F., 1813. 

(VH) Eben, son of Joseph Chapman, was 
born in 1796 at Meredith, New Hampshire. 
He married Adelaine, daughter of Joseph 
Neal, who owned large stock farms in Mere- 
dith. He was a farmer in Meredith. Children 

* of Eben Chapman : i. Joseph G., born in Mere- 
dith, New Hampshire, 1822, died October 21, 
1887; married (first) 1845, Lydia L. Perkins; 
she died 1848 ; one child, Mary A., died at one 
year of age; he married (second) 1849, Mary 
F. Bean and had six children : Addie M., bom 
1850, drowned at two years of age; Jennie D., 

• born 1852 (Mrs. H. A. Avery, of Belmont, 
New Hampshire) ; Charles L. N., born 1854; 
George E., born 1855 1 J- Judson, born 1857 ; 
Harry M. 2. Mary A., born 1826; married 
Joel Tebbeth in 1852; he died in 1861, and 
had two children, Abbie and John H., who are 
living in the west. 3. John Neal, mentioned 
below. 4. A. L. Josephine, born 1843; mar- 
ried George Bryant, 1863, in Meredith, New 
Hampshire, and had three children: George 
E., born 1864; Mary D. M., born 1868; Wini- 
fred, born in Chicago. 

(Vni) John Neal, son of Eben Chapman, 
was born in Meredith, New Hampshire, in 
1829, died May 11, 1896. He attended the 
public schools of his native town, and at the 
age of fifteen left home to enter the employ 
of Jones, Ball & Poor, jewelers, in Boston, 
Massachusetts. Afterward he entered the em- 
ploy of Bigelow & Kennard, jewelers, Boston. 
In 1855 he organized the firm of Bailey, Kettle 
& Chapman, jewelers, and the firm established 
a store at the comer of Bromfield and Wash- 
ington streets, Boston. The firm was dis- 
solved in 1857 and during the next three years 
Mr. Chapman was with the firm of Jarvis & 
Cormerais, dealers in glassware. He then en- 
gaged in the glassware business on his own 
account and continued for many years. He 
was a member of Columbia Lodge, Free and 
Accepted Masons; St. Paul's Chapter, Royal 
Arch Masons ; Council, Royal and Select Mas- 
ters ; Boston Commandery, Knights Templar ; 
and of the Park Street Congregational Church, 

He married, May 23, 1855, Hannah Holmes 
Dana, born September 19, 1832, in Boston, 
daughter of Luther Dana (see Dana). Chil- 
dren: I. Helen Dana, born September 16, 
1856; married Henry Cormerais, nephew of 
the junior partner of Jarvis & Cormerais; 

Digitized by 



1 143 

children : Henry D. Cormerais, member of the 
Fifth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer 
Militia, married Grace Walker; Elizabeth Cor- 
merais. 2. Luther Dana, born at Boston, 
March i, 1858; married Georgianna Libby; 
children: Lawrence D. and Marion Standish 
Chapman. 3, Hannah Laura, born February 
2T, i860; married Colonel Charles E. Hap- 
good, superintendent of the Soldiers Home, 
Chelsea, Massachusetts, where he died ; a vet- 
eran of the civil war, colonel of the Fifth 
New Hampshire Regiment; child, Charles 
Louis. . 4. John Francis, born December 12, 
1861, died January, 1908, at Louisville, Ken- 
tucky. 5. Sarah Alice, born January 30, 1868 ; 
married John Sumner Miles, who died in 

(The Dana Ldne). 

(I) Richard Pana, the immigrant ancestor, 
is thought to be the ancestor of all the Dana 
families in this country. He came to Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts, in 1640, from England, 
according to tradition, which also says his 
father was a native of France who went to 
England because of religious persecutions. In 
some records the date of Richard Dana^s birth 
is given as 1620. In 1652, in the division of 
Shawsheen, he received twenty acres, and in 
November, 1661, he was constable. In 1665 
he was surveyor of highways, and the same 
years he was allotted ten acres. In April, 1668, 
he was tythingman; he also was selectman 
and grand juror. In Decehiber, 1683, he had 
fifteen acres for services to the town. Most 
of his land was south of the Charles river, if 
not all of it, in the part now called Brighton. 
On April 20, 1656, he deeded fifty-eight acres 
of land to Edward Jackson. He died April 2, 
1690, of injuries received from falling from 
a scaffold in his barn, and an inquest was 
called by Lieutenant Governor Thomas Dan- 
f orth. The inventory of his estate was dated 
August 2, 1690, and the estate settled April 
16, 1691. He married, probably in 1648, Anne 
Bullard, of Cambridge, and she died July 15, 
171 1. He and his wife were members in full 
communion of the church. Children, bom in 
Cambridge: John, December 15, 1649, died 
August 12, 1650; Hannah, May 8, 1651 ; 
Samuel, August 13, 1653, died 1653; Jacob, 
mentioned below; Joseph, March 21, 1656; 
Abiah, March 21, 1656, died October 10, 1668; 
Benjamin, February 20, 1660 ; Elizabeth, Feb- 
ruary 20, 1662; Daniel, March 20, 1663; De- 
liverance, May 8, 1667; Sarah, January i, 
1669, died January 11, 1669. 

(II) Jacob, son of Richard Dana, was born 
in Cambridge, December 2, 1654, died Decem- 
ber, 1698. In the division of his father's 
estate, he received "the dwelling house and 


half the barn, with all the appurtenances, as 
one single share, or half his double portion"; 
"one-third of all the land near the house," 
consisting of about five acres; "4 acres on the 
south pitch of the hill bounded by John Mc- 
Keen north and we§t, Thomas Chaney south, 
and Daniel Dana east, and the remainder of 
his third part of the upland lying by the road- 
way, etc., subject to rights of his mother and 
the payment of three pounds annually to her." 
He married, probably in 1678, Patience 

, who was buried June 3, 17 12. He 

died in 1698, and his widow was appointed 
administratrix, January 23, 1698-99, the in- 
ventory being dated December, 1698^. Chil- 
dren: Jacob, born October 12, 1679, died 
young ; Elizabeth ; Hannah, October 25, 1685 ; 
Experience, November i, 1687; Patience, 
Samuel, mentioned below; Abigail; Jacob, 

(III) Samuel, son of Jacob Dana, was born 
in Cambridge, September 7, 1694, died August 
22, 1770. In 1716 he received his father's real 
estate, under condition that he pay the other 
children certain sums of money. It consisted 
of a house and twenty-seven acres in Cam- 
bridge and some of th^Mashamoquet purchase 
in Pom fret, Connecticut. He married (first) 
April 10, 1 7 16, Abigail Gay, who died June i, 
1718. He married (second) January 6, 1719, 
Susanna Star, who died April 10, 1731. He 
married (third) December 30, 1731, Mary 
Sumner, who died April 28, 1770. Child by 
first wife : Nathaniel, mentioned below. Chil- 
dren by second wife: Susanna, born October 
10, 1720; Abigail, July 23, 1722; Elizabeth, 
April 7, 1725; Eunice, April 16, 1727; Samuel, 
December 23, 1728; Penelope, March 30, 1731. 
Children by third wife: Mary, March 24, 
1733-34; Hannah, May 28, 1736; Amariah, 
May 20, 1738; Elijah, September 4, 1740; 
Josiah, August 22, 1742; Sarah, August 30, 


(IV) Nathaniel, son of Samuel Dana, was 
born in Cambridge, February i, 1717, and is 
said to have died of small-pox. He married 
Abigail Dean, born June, 1722. Children: 
Nathaniel, born July 24, 1739, died December 
9, 1739; Nathaniel, November 14, 1740; Mary, 
October 22, 1742, died June 6, 1749; Ephraim, 
September 26, 1744; Abigail, June 6, 1746; 
David, September 12, 1748, died December 
30, 1754; Calvin, October 27, 1751, died 1776; 
Joanna, December 13, 1753; Rebecca, Novem- 
ber 5, 1755; Samuel, July 5, 1757, died Octo- 
ber 17, 1758; Sarah, August 25, 1759; Ex- 
perience, May 24, 1761-; Luther, mentioned be- 

(V) Luther, son of Nathaniel Dana, was 
born in 1766, died November i, 1809. He 

Digitized by 


1 144 


married Lydia Blodgett, who died August 3 
or 4, 1809. Children: Calvin, bom July 31, 
1800; Luther, mentioned below. 

(VI) Luther (2), son of Luther (i) Dana, 
was born February 22, 1806. He married, 
November 3, 1831, Sarah Flagg Dana, daugh- 
ter of Ephraim Dana (see below). He was a 
member of the firm of Dana, Farrar & Hyde, 
importers of West India goods, Boston. Chil- 
dren: I. Hannah Holmes, born September 19, 
1832, at Harwood place, Boston; married. 
May 23, 1855, John N. Chapman (see Chap- 
man VIII). 2. Sarah Elizabeth, born August 

2, 1836; married, February 3, 1863, Francis L. 
Skinner, of Boston; children: Sarah Frances, 
born May 31, 1864, died March, 1908, mar- 
ried (first) John Vanderpool, of New York, 
(second) Richard VanNamen, of New York; 
Luther Dana, July 30, 1868, died aged twenty- 
eight. 3. Luther Herbert, born September 28, 
1851, died May 10, 1884; married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Mayor Fowle, of Newton; chil- 
dren: Bessie Herbert, married Lane, 

and Mary Ann, married Fred Baird, of Baird 
Stone Company, Boston. 

(V) Lieutenant Epl^raim Dana, son of Na- 
thaniel Dana (IV), wSfe born September 26, 
1744, died at Natick, Massachusetts, Novem- 
ber 19, 1792. He was a revolutionary soldier, 
and a"^ selectman. He married (first) Septem^ 
ber 24, 1772, Rebecca, daughter of Caleb Le- 
land, of Sherborn, and she died in 1777. He 
married (second) February 3, or April 20, 
1780, Tabitha Jones, of Dedham. She was 
born September 13, 1755, died February 15, 
1827. Children of first wife, born at Natick: 
Dexter, born November 13 or 30, 1773 ; David, 
October 8, 1775; Ephraim, July 9, 1777, died 
November, 1777. By second wife: Rebecca, 
February 10, 1781 ; Ephraim, mentioned be- 
low; Tabitha, twin of Ephraim; Nq^thaniel, 
May 2, 1787; Luther, April 20, 1792. 

(VI) Ephraim (2), son of Lieutenant 
Ephraim (i) Dana, was born February 5, 
1783, in Natick, died June 2, 1854. He mar- 
ried, June 16, 1807, Hannah Holmes, of Taun- 
ton, Massachusetts. He was a senior member 
of the firm of Dana, Farrar & Hyde, Importers 
of West India goods, Boston. Children : Dex- 
ter, born April 19, 1808; Hannah Holmes, No- 
vember 27, 1809, died November 2, 1826; Otis 
Holmes, July 19, 1811; Sarah Flagg, January 

3, 1814, married Luther Dana (see above) ; 
Josiah Holmes, December 22, 1817. 

One of the most highly 
WILKINSON esteemed and respected 

families of Providence 
bears the Wilkinson name, a name that is 
ancient and honored in the Commonwealth's 

history, and one that is allied by marriage with 
many of the first families of not only Rhode 
Island, but of the old Bay State and the neigh- 
boring state of Connecticut ; one among which 
is Reed, one of the earliest to settle in the 
old town of Weymouth, Massachusetts, and 
later generations of which appeared in ancient 
Windsor, Connecticut. Reference is especially 
made here to the family and lineage of the late 
Henry Washington Wilkinson, himself long 
identified with the manufacturing interests of 
the state, the aflfairs of Providence, and espe- 
cially active and prominent in its religious 
work, and whose two sons are now active in 
the business life of this section of New Eng- 

Respecting the lineage of Lieutenant Law- 
rance Wilkinson, the emigrant New England 
settler and the progenitor of the Rhode Island 
Wilkinsons, it is the expressed opinion of in- 
vestigators of American lineage, descendants 
of Mr. Wilkinson, among whom was the 
learned William T. Harris, Ph.D., LL.D., for- 
mer United States commissioner of education, 
that his compares favorably with any in this 
country. There follows in chronological order 
the paternal lineage of the late Henry W. 
Wilkinson, of Providence. 

(I) Lawrance Wilkinson, the progenitor of 
the Rhode Island Wilkinsons, was born some 
time in the earlier half of the seventeenth cen- 
tury at Lanchester, county of Durham, Eng- 
land, being a son of William and Mary (Con- 
yers) Wilkinson and grandson of Lawrance 
Wilkinson, of Harperly House, Lanchester, 
county of Durham, England. A photograph 
of this ancient home, located in Harperly 
Park, was brought to this country a few years 
ago by Mr. Alfred Wilkinson, of Syracuse, 
New York, showing a substantial stone build- 
ing in good preservation. A unique feature is 
the dovecote upon one end, an interesting relic 
of ancient times and customs and "enjoyed 
in England only by the Lords of the manor, 
which law was vigorously enforced." The 
family is said to have been noted for its con- 
sistent adherence to the throne. 

Lieutenant Lawrance Wilkinson early took 
service as a lieutenant in the royal army, fight- 
ing on the side of his King against Cromwell. 
At the fall of Newcastle, in October, 1644, he 
was taken prisoner and his estates were se- 
questered. He then, sometime probably be- 
tween 1645 and 1652, embarked for New Eng- 
land, accompanied by his wife and child, locat- 
ing in Providence, where in 1657 he received 
a grant of land. It is stated in the Memoirs 
of the Wilkinson family that Mr. Wilkinson 
was one of the signers of the civil compact 
bearing the date 19th of nth month, 1645, Y^^ 

Digitized by 



1 145 

all did not sign oh this date, which is the first 
record of him here. Thrift and energy soon 
won for him a large estate, and the marked 
qualities of his character in due time brought 
him into prominence. In 1659 he was chosen 
commissioner and filled that office again in 1667. 
He was deputy in 1667 and in 1673. He 
heartily sympathized with his friend, Roger 
Williams, in his doctrines of "Soul Liberty." 
He is represented as having been a man of 
great firmness and decision of character. In 
the Indian war he is said to have been a fear- 
less soldier. After a long and useful life he 
died August 9, .1692. 

Mr. Wilkinson married Susanna, daughter 
of Christopher and Alice Smith, and their chil- 
dren were: i. Samuel, married Plain Wicken- 
den. 2. Susanna, bom March 9, 1652. 3. 
John, of whom further. 4. Joanna, bom 
March 2, 1657. 5. Josias, died August 10, 
1692 ; married Hannah Tyler, of Taunton, who 
married (second) Joseph Tucker; his daugh- 
ter Hannah married 1716-17, James Dexter, 
grandson of Gregory Dexter and son of 
Colonel John Dexter. 6. Susanna (2), bom 
February, 1662 ; married Edward Boss. 

(II) John, son of Lawrance Wilkinson, 
born March 2, 1654, died April 10, 1708. He 
married, April 16, 1689, Deborah Whipple, 
bom in Dorchester, Massachusetts, August i, 
1670, died June 24, 1748, daughter of Eleazer 
and Alice (Angell) Whipple and granddaugh- 
ter of John Whipple. Mr. Wilkinson located 
on land some seven miles up the Blackstone on 
the west side of the river, in a very pleasant 
locality near "Martin's Wade," in the town of 
Providence, which later became Smithfield and 
more recently the "Town of Lincoln." To 
this romantic and beautiful spot John brought 
his bride of nineteen to the home provided for 
her, between 1689-90. A portion of this very 
ancient house, shaded by five old elms, situated 
at the foot of the hills, still occupies the orig- 
inal site. The near proximity of the Black- 
stone canal, however, for which the Wilkin- 
sons gave land at a later period, has materially 
changed the attractive surroundings of those 
€arly days. His great-grandson John lived 
and died in this house one hundred and eigh- 
teen years later. The Wilkinson estate ex- 
tended about one mile on the Blackstone river, 
mnning back over the hills, and tuming again 
toward the river near the Dexter quarries. 
Mr. Wilkinson's early neighbors were his 
father-in-law's family, Eleazer ^Whipple, and 
the Dexter family, the latter the sons of Rev. 
Gregory Dexter. Mr. Wilkinson is said to 
have grown up a hardy and fearless man, al- 
ways ready for any emergency. He was noted 
for his physical prowess and no man in the 

colony was an overmatch for him. He was 
an aggressive spirit, never satisfied with pres- 
ent attainments, but constantly reaching out 
for greater acquisitions, and he was generally 
successful in obtaining the object of his desire. 
Perfectly honorable and upright, he used only 
fair means to accomplish his purpose. He was 
in King Philip's war and is said to have been 
noted for bravery and rashness. In a fight 
with the Indians which occurred some half 
dozen years after the war, at a point not far 
from the old Quaker meeting-house, in the 
south part of the town of Smithfield, and a 
little northwest of Scotts Pond, in which par- 
ticipated Lawrance Wilkinson and his three 
sons, Samuel, John and Josias, John was se- 
verely wounded. He was frequently honored 
by his fellow citizens with offices of trust. He 
was deputy from Providence to the general 
court in 1699-1700-06. 

The children born to John and Deborah 
(Whipple) Wilkinson were: John, of whom 
further ; Marcy, June 30, 1694, married, March 
12, 1717-18, John Scott; Sarah, June 22, 1696, 
m^arried David Hogg; Freelove, June or July 
25, 1701, married Michael Phillips; Daniel, 
June 8, 1703, married, September 22, 1740, 
Abigail Inman; Jeremiah, June 4, 1707, mar- 
ried Amy Whipple, and their daughter Jemima 
was the celebrated prophetess. 

(III) John (2), son of John (i) Wilkinson, 
was born March 16, 1690, in the town of 
Providence, later named Smithfield. He mar- 
ried, March 20, 1717-18, Rebecca, daughter 
of Sylvanus and Joanna (Jenckes) Scott, and 
was a resident of the town of Smithfield, 
Rhode Island. He died September 25, 1756. 
He was a farmer and cooper. His property 
inventoried nearly two thousand pounds. The 
children of John and Rebecca were: Amey, 
born January 23, 1719; Anne, May 19, 1721; 
John, March 20, 1724, died June 23, 1804, 
married Ruth Angell; Sarah, June 27, 1727; 
Susanna, September 20, 1729; Ruth, March 5, 
1731 J Joanna, September 12, 1732; Ahab, of 
whom further. 

(IV) Ahab, son of John (2) Wilkinson, 
was born December 16, 1734, in Smithfield, 
Rhode Island. Mr. Wilkinson resided in the 
town of Smithfield, Rhode Island, in which he 
was made a freeman in 1758. In his father's 
will he was left all the buildings and lands in 
the town of Smithfield. He married June i, 
1755, Abigail Scott, of Bellingham, Massa- 
chusetts, born October 5, 1735, granddaughter 
of Sylvanus Scott, and daughter of Joseph 
and Elizabeth (Jenckes) Scott (whose inten- 
tions of marriage were filed in Lynn July 14, 
1721), the latter a daughter of Samuel (2), 
of Lynn, and Elizabeth (Darling) Jenckes. 

Digitized by 


1 146 


The children of Mr. and Mrs. Ahab Wilkin- 
son were: i. Simeon, of whom further. 2. 
John, born June 15, 1757, resided in old home- 
stead where he died June 23, 1826; married 
Martha Jenckes (a sister of Elizabeth), who 
died August 12, 1851, aged seventy-five years. 
Her death occurred at the old homestead, 
which soon passed into other hands. A por- 
tion of this first home was located on land 
included formerly in the one thousand acres 
owned by Lawrance Wilkinson, is still occu- 
pied and known in 1912 as the "Lincoln Town 
Farm," situated on the edge of the present 
Blackstone can&l, shaded by venerable elm 
trees. 3. Joseph, born October 7, 1759, died 
September 25, 1812; married Martha Jenckes, 
who died July 30, 1823, aged fifty-six years; 
she was the daughter of Captain John and 
Freelove (Crawford) Jenckes, and great- 
granddaughter of Rev. Ebenezer Jenckes, a 
brother of Governor Joseph Jenckes, and 
granddaughter of Hon. Daniel Jenckes, the 
early friend of Brown University, whose 
daughter Rhoda married Nicholas Brown in 
1762 ; their only grandchild is Professor Ahab 
George Wilkinson, for many years dean of the 
patent office in Washington, D. C, who has a 
son George Lawrance, and two daughters, 
Lucile and Marie, the latter the wife of Pro- 
fessor Hodgkins, of Columbia University, 
Washington, D. C. 4. Sarah, born March 19, 
1765- 5- George, born January 9, 1767, both 
probably died young. 

(V) Simeon, son of Ahab Wilkinson, was 
born March 10, 1756, died November 27, 1816. 
On June 10, 1791, Simeon married Elizabeth 
Jenckes, born February 3, 1771, died August 
20, 1834, and resided at the Wilkinson home- 
stead in Smithfield, now called Lincoln, where 
he was engaged in farming. Simeon and his 
brother Joseph built and occupied the large 
white house, a few rods distant from- the orig- 
inal homestead, at foot of the hill. For this it 
required eight months to make the nails, 
hinges, etc., necessary in its construction. The 
halls were open from the front doors of each 
home extending to attic in third story. Here 
was the loom room and various wheels for 
spinning and weaving and the inevitable 
**smoke room*' so necessary to every country 
mansion of that period. Large families filled 
both homes. Joseph's part fronted on the 
River road where stood, for many years, until 
191 1, one of the largest elms in Rhode Island. 
Simeon's half of house faced the Blackstone 
river; later the canal for which land was 
granted by the Wilkinsons. The Providence 
& Worcester railroad soon followed. In 191 2 
in addition to these are the modern mills and 
village of Berkeley. Here both brothers lived 

and died ; Joseph just one hundred years ago, 
and Simeon four years later (1816). Joseph's 
family remained many years, finally selling 
their interest to the Mr. Nathaniel Spaulding, 
who was first agent of the Blackstone canal. 
Simeon's heirs sold land to Lonsdale Company, 
and Mr. Spaulding retaining and occupying 
their half of the house and barn, an orchard 
and a small portion of land adjoining the 
house. "The Homestead" in 1912 is desig- 
nated as "569 River road" with rural delivery. 
Children of Simeon Wilkinson: i. Mira, born 
August 21, 1792, died November 24, 1857. 2. 
Sarah, born August 3, 1794; married Philip 
Thomas, and resided on Cumberland Hill,, 
where he died. 3. Ahab W., born July 3, 1796. 
4. Lydia, born December 24, 1798, died un- 
married November 12, 1881. 5. Rebecca Scott,, 
born September 25, 1800, died March 16, 1876,. 
unmarried. 6. Washington A. J., of whom 
further. 7. EHzabeth, born March 30, 1808; 
married Edward A. Hale, and died April 6^ 
1886. 8. John J., born March 3, 181 1 ; married 
Lydia J. Bentley, and was engaged in a manu- 
facturing business at Bristol, Rhode Island,, 
where he died, leaving children: Charles B., 
of New York, Henry, of' Bristol, Mrs. A. H. 
Flint and Mrs. Gramont, of Bristol Neck. 

(VI) Washington Adams JeflFerson, son of 
Simeon Wilkinson, was born at the second 
homestead on the River road, in Smithfield,. 
now Lincoln, nearly opposite the Berkeley 
Mills, his early years being spent upon the 
farm, but at the age of twenty-one he became 
engaged in manufacturing. In 1844 he re- 
moved with his family to Southbridge, Massa- 
chusetts, and in company with his brother-in- 
law, S. P. Erwin, purchased the cotton mill at 
Ashland. This was destroyed by fire a few 
years afterward, and in 1856 he returned to 
Rhode Island, later becoming superintendent 
of the Ashton Mill. Subsequently he held the 
same position with the Lonsdale Mill, and in 
1871 retired from active business. Until 1880 
he resided with his son, Henry W., in Provi- 
dence, but in the latter part of this year re- 
turned to the homestead in Lincoln, and there 
continued to reside until his death, August 
22, 1887. His remains were buried m the 
family burial ground, but were removed by 
Mrs. Henry W. Wilkinson in 1899 to Swan 
Point. In this old family burial ground among 
the other graves are nineteen that are marked 
with field stones. Mr. Wilkinson by nature 
was a very retiring man, of few words, and 
conscientiously strict in the performance of 
his duty. His character from' early boyhood 
was exceptional. During a long and active 
business life he experienced various misfor- 
tunes, yet ever manifested the finest traits of 

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1 147 

true Christian manhood. Both he and his wife 
were lifelong members of the Episcopal 
church, and during his residence in Manville, 
in 1835, he was active in the organization and 
support of the church of that denomination. 

On January 24, 1833, he married Mary 
Tower Remington, born September 8, 1808, 
at Pawtuxet, Rhode Island, granddaughter of 
Captain Peleg and Waite (Rhodes) Reming- 
ton, and daughter of Captain Peleg Jr., and 
Mary (Tower) Remington, of Cumberland, 
the latter of whom died April 25, 1872, in her 
ninety-seventh year, at the home of her son, 
Captain Samuel Remington, of Pawtuxet, 
Rhode Island. The Rhode Island Remingtons 
descend from Lieutenant John Remington, a 
settler in Newbury, 1637, Rowley, 1639. His 
son John, with wife Abigail (Acy) Reming- 
ton, and several children, removed from 
Haverhill, Massachusetts, in 1697 "to the 
Island of Qusonagutt in the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations." He 
finally became a resident of Warwick and pos- 
sibly died in Coweset — 1709. His numerous 
grandsons are a puzzle to many genealogists. 
Mrs. Mary (Remington) Wilkinson traced her 
line from Lieutenant John Remington through 
his son John Jr., the latter*s son Thomas, and 
his son Daniel, who married Ann Gorton, 
great-granddaughter of Samuel Gorton, the 
ancestor of the Gorton family. 

Mrs. Mary (Remington) Wilkinson sur- 
vived her husband some three years and died 
at the home of her daughter, Mrs. William 
H. H. Whiting, in Chelsea, Massachusetts, 
May 31, 1890. Their children were: i. Henry 
Washington, of whom further. 2. John Ed- 
win, born September 25, 1837, died November 
I3« 1837. 3. Elizabeth Jenckes, born August 
25, 1839, died December 4, 1840. 4. George 
Edwin, bom October 22, 1841 ; married, Sep- 
tember 20, 1866, Helen Sturgis, niece of Mrs. 
Howard Okie, of Providence, and they sailed 
in a few days from New York for Buenos 
Ayres. Mr. Wilkinson took with them a steam 
engine which was an important factof for sev- 
eral years. Later on he was connected with a 
commission house in Buenos Ayres, making 
occasional visits to Rhode Island. He was a 
young man of rare personal attractions and 
business capability. During his varied ex- 
periences he exhibited the same cheerful hope- 
fulness which was a marked family character- 
istic. After a lengthy visit at the Wilkinson 
homestead with his parents he returned to 
Buenos Ayres early in 1887 to be followed 
later by his family, which his death in July of 
the same year prevented; he left children, 
Howard S., and Marie R., Mrs. Harry Rich- 
ardson, who has two children : Mary Ruth and 

Sturgis. 5. Mary Tower, born April 11, 1845, 
died September 5, 1848. 6. Mary Elizabeth, 
born December 2, 1849, married, October 6, 
1869, William H. H. Whiting, and resided at 
Chelsea and Beachmont, Massachusetts, she 
dying in the latter city April 24, 1908. They 
had four children, two of whom died very 
young; the other two, Mary Remington and 
George Kilburne, died within a few days of 
each other, the former aged eight years and 
the latter when six years old, in December, 
1887. For many years Mrs. Whiting was a 
helpless invalid. Beautiful in person, her 
wonderful patience and unfailing sweetness 
and unselfishness showed great strength of 
character and Christian faith. Mr. Whiting 
died January 12, 1912. 

(VII) Henry Washington, son of Washing- 
ton Adams Jefferson Wilkinson, was born at 
Manville in the town of Smithfield, in what 
is now the town of Lincoln, Rhode Island, 
August 20, 1835, died May 6, 1898. His boy- 
hood days were spent in Providence and 
Southbridge, Massachusetts. He attended the 
old **Sky Hiir* school and a private school at 
Webster, Massachusetts. After leaving school 
he became 'a clerk in the counting room of a 
cousin, Mr. John Edwards, who had a large 
store at Southbridge, Massachusetts. He was 
employed there until 1857, when he came to 
Providence and became a clerk in the store of 
G. & C. P. Hutchins, who conducted a large 
crockery establishment at the corner of W-^.y- 
bosset and Dorrance streets. He was there 
employed until he entered the counting room 
of the Woonsocket Company, composed of Mr. 
Crawford Allen, Mr. (jeorge C. Nightingale, 
and Mr. Sullivan Dorr, subsequently becoming 
a confidential clerk to Mr. Crawford Allen, 
and in January, 1870, a member of the firm. 
After the death of Mr. Allen the Woonsocket 
Company was dissolved, and after a time Mr. 
Wilkinson became connected with the Corliss 
Safe Company, later becoming secretary and* 
treasurer of the concern. Mr. Wilkinson con- 
tinued as treasurer of the company until the 
Corliss Manufacturing Company was absorbed 
by the Mosler Safe Company, and removed 
to New York, where he became vice-president 
of the latter concern, continuing in office until 
his death, in 1898. He was also interested in 
the Abbott Run Cotton Mill, holding the office 
of treasurer for a number of years. 

Mr. Wilkinson in his political views was a 
Republican, but he never cared for public life. 
It was in religious work that he was most 
active, and entered into it whh the enthusiasm 
and earnestness so characteristic of the man. 
He was a member of the Richmond Street 
Congregational Church in 1859, during the 

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1 148 


pastorate of Rev. Joshua Leavitt, D.D., and 
was at this time active in the Pine Street Mis- 
sion. In 1862 he transferred his membership 
to the Beneficent Congregational Church, dur- 
ing the pastorate of the Rev. Alexander H. 
Clapp, D.D., who was a short time later suc- 
ceeded by Rev. J. G. Vose, D.D. Mr. Wilkin- 
son during his membership here was, for 
eleven years, in charge of the infant Sunday 
school. Later he transferred his membership 
to the Central Congregational Church, it being 
more convenient to his home, and remained a 
member of that church for the remainder of 
his life. He served as clerk of the church for 
twelve years, when he resigned because of 
pressure of business duties. He was a charter 
member and active in the organization of the 
Congregational Club, and served as secretary 
of the same for ten years. He took a deep 
interest in the Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation, and contributed freely of his time and 
money to its support. He was a member of 
the Rhode Island Historical Society. In pater- 
nal lines he was connected with the Angells, 
Scotts, Whipples, Jenckes, Browns (the Chad 
Brown family), and in maternal lines was a 
descendant of Samuel Gorton and connected 
with the Holmes (the Obediah family), 
Holdens, Almys, Smiths, Greenes, Watermans. 
Williams, Arnolds and Rhodes. 

Mr. Wilkinson was an untiring worker, and 
anything which he undertook he did with all 
his might. He was of an analytical turn of 
mind, and was quick to see the result of a 
problem or proposition, his judgment being 
rarely at fault. He was a self made man. 
Affectionate and kind as a husband and father, 
his family were devoted to himi Mr. Wilkin- 
son died very suddenly. May 6, 1898, while 
visiting at the home of his daughter, Mrs. 
Edward, Harris Rathbun, in Franklin, Massa- 
chusetts, and was buried at Swan Point, May 
9, 1898. 

On December 16, 1861, Mr. Wilkinson was 
married at Grinnell, Iowa, to Anna Reed, born 
in Warsaw, Illinois, August 30, 1836, daugh- 
ter of Rev. Julius A. Reed, D.D., a native of 
East Windsor, Connecticut, and Caroline 
(Blood) Reed, a native of Concord, Massa- 
chusetts, both of whom are descended from 
fine old New England families. To Mr. and 
Mrs. Wilkinson were born children as fol- 
lows: I. Henry Lawrance, of record as Henry 
Reed, born August 10, 1865; attended the 
public school, Providence high school and the 
Berkeley School, presided over by Rev. George 
H. Patterson, an Episcopal clergyman, and 
then entered Amherst College, from which he 
was graduated in 1888; during vacations and 
after graduation he was connected with vari- 

ous banks in Providence, and later became 
assistant bank examiner for Connecticut and 
Rhode Island; for a number of years he was 
connected with Harvey Fisk & Sons, but is 
now a member of the firm of Richter & Com- 
pany, investment brokers, of Hartford, Con- 
necticut ; on June 4, 1896, he married Bertha 
Sanford, of Bridgeport, Connecticut, daughter 
of Homer B. and Jane (French) Sanford, a 
prominent family of that city; Mr. Sanford 
and three brothers were sons of Mr. Glover 
Sanford, all successful manufacturers in 
Bridgeport and Bridgewater, Connecticut. 2. 
Alfred Hall, born May 29, 1868; attended the 
Providence public school, the Berkeley School 
and the noted St. John's Military School at 
Manlius, New York; after several ocean vo)r- 
ages, and three years as officer for a Japanese 
steamship company, he returned to Provi- 
dence in 1893, and from then until 1896 was 
connected with the Corliss Safe Company, as 
secretary, being eastern agent for the Mosler 
Safe Company; since the latter date he has 
been identified with Chase & Sanborn, coffee 
and spice importers of Boston, his residence 
being at Salem, Massachusetts; he married, 
November 19, 1895, Elizabeth Burrows, 
daughter of James Stanton and Susan (Bur- 
rows) Kenyon, of Providence and of King 
Tom Farm, Charlestown, Rhode Island, a 
place of much historic interest to all New 
Englanders. 3. Anna Reed, born January 10, 
1870; graduated from "Miss Abbott's School," 
Providence, and from Wellesley College in 
1892; she also studied art in Paris for one 
year ; on October 9, 1895, she married Edward 
Harris Rathbun (B. U., 1889), son of Oscar 
Jencks and Rachel (Harris) Rathbun, one of 
the leading citizens of Woonsocket, Rhode 
Island, and closely identified with many of its 
manufacturing interests; they have four chil- 
dren : Rachel Harris, bom September 13, 1897, 
at "Birch Knoll," Franklin, Massachusetts; 
Lawrance Wilkinson, born July 18, 1900, at 
"Birch Knoll," Franklin, Massachusetts ; Anna 
Reed, born September 25, 1902, at No. 59 
Prospect street, Woonsocket; Mabel, August 
29, 1910, at "Annerslea," Harris avenue, 
Woonsocket, Rhode Island. 

Mrs. Wilkinson has occupied the family 
homestead at No. 168 Bowen street. Provi- 
dence, since 1873. She is a member of the 
Central Congregational Church, and since 1869 
has been a member of the Rhode Island 
Branch of the Woman's Board of Missions, 
during which time she has served as secre- 
tary for twenty-five years and seventeen years 
as president. She is an active member of sev- 
eral organizations, of a religious and chari- 
table nature, and is deeply interested in 

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1 149 

genealogical research, having a great deal of 
data pertaining to her ancestors as well as 
those of Mr. Wilkinson. She is a descendant 
of six Colonial governors, one of them being 
Governor William Bradford; is a member of 
the Society of Colonial Dames, the Mayflower 
Society and the Rhode Island 'Historical So- 
ciety. She was a student at Denmark (Iowa) 
Academy, Knox College, Illinois, Mt. Holyoke 
Seminary, and Lasell Seminary, Auburndale, 
Massachusetts, graduating from the last 
named institution in 1858. 

Rev. Julius Alexander Reed, D.D., born 
January 16, 1809, ^t East Windsor, Connecti- 
cut, son of Dr. Elijah Fitch and Hannah 
(MacLean) Reed, descended from William 
Reade, of Batcombe, county Somerset, Eng- 
land. He married (first) at Gillingham, Dor- 
set, England, October 12, 1629, Susanna 
Haynes, who died in Boston in 1653. He was 
one of Rev. Joseph Hull's company recorded 
at Weymouth, England, March 20, 1635, as 
"bound for New England" and settled at Wey- 
mouth, Massachusetts, the same year. He 
brought with him his wife, two young children, 
and his servant, Richard Adams, and his 
family. He served as deputy for Weymouth 
in 1636 and 1638, and as constable in 1644. 
Soon after this date Mr. Reade removed with 
his family to Boston, where he resided ''up- 
wards of thirty years." The line of descent 
is through his son Josiah, probably born in 
Weymouth in 1644, a founder of the town of 
Norwich, Connecticut, Josiah (2), David and 
Ebenezer Reed, of Windsor, Connecticut. 

Rev. Julius Alexander Reed was a student 
for two years at what was then Washington 
(now Trinity) College. Hartford, Connecticut, 
then entered Yale College, where he was grad- 
uated in 1829. For one year he served as 
tutor in the family of Hon. William Jay, of 
Bedford, New York (1830-31); was then a 
teacher in a large private school for boys con- 
ducted by his brother-in-law, Hon. John Hall, 
at Ellington, Connecticut; the next two years 
served as a private tutor at Natchez, Missis- 
sippi. In 1833 Mr. Reed returned to New 
England by way of Jacksonville, Illinois, from 
which point his journey was made on horse- 
back, six weeks being spent on the way. After 
completing his theological course at Yale 
Divinity School he was licensed to preach in 
August, 1835, and in the autumn returned to 
Illinois. It was while at Jacksonville that he 
first met the woman who was to be his future 
wife, she having gone to the west from Boston 
as a teacher in the Academy in 1833. 

A pioneer to the west in its earliest days, 
few men have done more towards its advance- 
ment in religion and education than Mr. Reed, 

his interest in both being manifested even to 
the last weeks of his life. He joined the Illi- 
nois band from Yale, which preceded him by 
a few years, and in 1836 he was ordained at 
Quincy, Illinois. Four years were spent in 
Illinois, when he returned to the east owing 
to the delicate health of his wife, and from 
1839 to 1840 he served as chaplain in the 
Insane Asylum at Worcester, Massachusetts. 
During this year a daughter, Rosanna White 
Reed, was born in East Windsor, Connecticut, 
and died as a result of a runaway accident, 
being buried in the Worcester cemetery. The 
pioneer spirit of his Pilgrim ancestors would 
not allow him to forget the Christian needs 
of the "Far West," and again in 1840 he 
turned his face to the setting sun, Iowa being 
his choice of location. 

Dr. Reed was one of the first Congrega- 
tional ministers in the state of Iowa, preced- 
ing the famous "Iowa Band" by three years. 
He assisted in the organization of sixty of its 
prominent churches, also in the first Congre- 
gational Association, and preached the first 
sermon by a Congregationalist, in 1837, in 
Keokuk. He resided for a time in Fairfield, 
Iowa, some twenty miles from the "Indian 
Agency," (often the headquarters of the 
famous Blackhawk and his Indian chiefs), 
then in charge of General Joseph Street and 
his sons-in-law. Captain George Wilson and 
Captain Beach. In October, 18^5, he removed 
with his family to Davenport, Iowa, situated a 
few miles west of the Sac Village on Rock 
river, one of the largest Indian villages in 
North America. Davenport was then a diarm- 
ing village of seven hundred inhabitants on 
the west bank of the Mississippi river. Mr. 
Reed's appointment by the American Home 
Missionary Society as its superintendent made 
this change of residence necessary. This posi- 
tion he held from 1845 to 1869, with the ex- 
ception of six years, performing during this 
time most faithfully and acceptably the labors 
of the important office. Nothing was too diffi- 
cult for him to undertake, nothing too arduous 
for him to accomplish, when in the line of 

Dr. Reed was one of the first committee 
appointed to select a site for Iowa College, 
located first at Davenport, and removed to 
Grinnell, Iowa, in i860; was one of its 
founders and charter trustees and was officially 
connected with this institution for nearly 
twenty years, in which he always felt the 
deepest interest. A cherished desire of his 
was to attend the fortieth commencement, but 
this was denied him. The account of this 
commencement was read to him during his 
last illness, and gave him great pleasure. In 

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1855 he received from his college the degree 
of D.D. In 1881 Rev. Mr. Reed, accompanied 
by his daughter, Mrs. Wilkinson, made an 
extended trip through Europe, visiting many 
important points of interest, including Athens 
and Constantinople. Always intellectually 
active, he had much literary work under way 
which no one without his mine of facts and 
recollections could ever complete. His last 
work was the preparation of a paper giving 
the history of Congregationalism in Iowa for 
its first fifty years. He died August 28, 1890, 
in Davenport, Iowa. 

On December i, 1835, Mr. Reed married 
Caroline, daughter of Reuben Foster and Re- 
lief (Whiting) Blood, born December 4, 1805, 
at Concord, Massachusetts, of which place her 
father's family were among the early settlers, 
as was also her ancestor. Major Simon Wil- 
lard. On her mother's side her ancestry em- 
braced a goodly number who are said to have 
"shone as lights in the Christian community 
throughout New England." These included 
Rev. John Cotton, of Boston, and Rev. Samuel 
Whiting, first pastor of Lynn, Massachusetts. 
Her great-great-grandfather was for twenty- 
six years pastor of the church in Concord. Her 
father died when she was very young, leaving 
her the eldest of six children. Early in life 
she evinced great strength of character in her 
personal eflForts to secure an education. Two 
of her brothers became clergymen, one in Illi- 
nois, Rev. Charles Emerson Blood, the other, 
Rev. Lorenzo W. Blood, a prominent divine of 
the Methodist Episcopal church in Connecti- 
cut. After completing her course at Ipswich 
Seminary she became a - successful teacher. 
She organized and for several years had 
charge of the first infant school in Boston, a 
movement which resulted in similar organiza- 
tions in other cities and an innovation which 
was soon adopted in the Sabbath schools. Dur- 
ing her residence in Boston she was a member 
of Lowell Mason's choir, and the old tunes 
sung from the original scores were a delight 
and comfort to her latest days, ever awaken- 
ing pleasant memories. Imbibing the western 
enthusiasm of her friend, Rev. Edward 
Beecher, then settled in Boston, she with her 
brother Charles went to Jacksonville, Illinois, 
where she engaged in teaching until her mar- 
riage. Mrs. Reed was a person of marked re- 
finement and engaging manner, and was much 
given to hospitality. She was loyal to her con- 
victions of duty and a worthy descendant of 
her many Puritan ancestors. So long as 
strength permitted she was active in church 
and in society, and especially interested in 
young women seeking to obtain an education. 
She did not long survive her husband, his 

death taking place August 28, 1890, at Daven- 
port, Iowa, while she passed away October ist 
of the same year, — both at "Oaklawn," the 
residence of their daughter and son-in-law, 
Mr. and Mrs. S. F. Smith Jr., whose delight- 
ful and hospitable home they had enjoyed as 
their own for some ten years, shared also by 
their granddaughter, Anna Reed Smith. This 
home was often graced by the presence of 
Rev. S. F. Smith, D.D., whose famous hymn, 
'^America," sung in many lands, touching most 
keenly the heart of every native-born Ameri- 
can, soon finds itself lovingly attuned to the 
hearts and voices of thousands once strangers 
in our land, and also by that of his wife. 

The East Providence Wilsons, 
WILSON with which this article deals, 
rank as one of the early and 
historic families of New England. One Roger 
Willson, of Scrooby, England, was one of 
those persons who in 1608 fled with the Puri- 
tans from religious persecution and settled in 
Leyden, Holland. From this connection with 
the "Mayflower" expedition his descendants 
are really entitled to be classed among those 
of the Pilgrim Fathers, although he never 
realized his intention of coming to the New 
World. His youngest son, Lieutenant John, 
and the only one to come to America, was the 
founder of a branch of the Wilsons of the old 
Rehoboth and Seekonk region of Massachu- 
setts. The following sketch of Roger Willson 
and much of the data pertaining to the earlier 
generations are taken from an authentic 
sketch and genealogical chart prepared in Oc- 
tober, 1862, by Mr. S. C. Newman, member 
of the Rhode Island Historical Society, under 
the patronage of Mr. George F. Wilson. 

Roger Willson was born in the village of Scrooby, 
County of Nottingham, England, about 1588. He 
was of Rev. John Robinson's Church, whose mem- 
bers fled from persecution in 1608 and finally settled 
in Leyden. He was a prominent member of the 
church and of the secular organization of that Pil- 
grim body of Puritans. Although most of that 
little society were poor, being stripped of much of 
their substance before leaving England, he was 
more fortunate than most of his associates, and in 
Leyden was a woolen and silk draper. He was one 
of the joint stock company which fitted out the 
"Mayflower" for the first band of Pilgrims. He did 
not come with them, but from allusions to him in 
the Leyden records it is inferred that he intended 
to join them at some later period, as was the case 
with Rev. Mr. Robinson. 

Mr. Robinson died March i. 1624, and that event 
about broke up their organization. They were like 
sheep without a shepherd and hearing of the great 
suffering of their friends, the Pilgrims, they contin- 
ued to drag out a few more years at Leyden, and 
as the persecution had died away in England a 
portion of them returned thither, and the remainder 
became absorbed in the Dutch population, and were 

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no more known as a distinct people. Whether Mr. 
Willson returned to England is not certainly 
known, but from the fact that his youngest child, 
Lieut. John, at the age of twenty emigrated to 
America in 1651, it is conjectured that his father 
had returned to England and died there, as there is 
no record of his death at Leyden. 

There have been a great number of families, and 
individuals giving rise to families here, by the name 
of Willson, which have, at various periods of our 
Colonial and State history, emigrated from Eng- 
land, Ireland and Scotland to America; but the 
family here sketched, and which came so near be- 
coming extinct, so far as America is concerned, is 
the only portion of the race whose ancestry held 
any connections with the Puritans at Leyden, and 
assisted in fitting out that immortal band with the 
first Pilgrim ship in 1620, which has laid the foun- 
dation for a great western Empire. 

The light now thrown upon the origin of this 
race cannot fail to excite a deep and permanent 
interest in the present and coming generations, 
inasmuch as the descendants of the venerated 
Roger Willson are as indissolubly connected with 
the origin and success of the first Pilgrim ship that 
reached our shores as any descendants of the actual 
T>assengers of the ''Mayflower" now living in our 

The wife of Roger Willson was sister of Dr. 
Samuel Fuller, the surgeon and physician who came 
in the "Mayflower." Mr. Willson was a deacon in 
the Rev. Mr. Robinson's church at Leyden, before 
tne Pilgrim ship sailed for America. Dr. Fuller 
died at Plymouth in 1633, and his will is the first 
on record in America, and is the oldest will made 
on this side of the Atlantic ocean. 

From all that can now be gathered and known 
concerning Roger Willson, the ancestor of the race 
here sketched, and the connections of his wife, it is 
fairly and historically inferable that he occupied a 
first class position among the ever memorable 
band of Pilgrims, at Leyden, and that without his 
energetic co-operation the first shio of the Pilgrims 
might never have sailed and landed on our shores. 
He was bondsman for the only three men who ever 
obtained the freedom of the city of Leyden — Wil- 
liam Bradford, the first governor of Plymouth Col- 
ony, Isaac Allerton, and Deggory Priest — men 
whose names will be remembered and honored as 
long as there shall be any remembrance of the Pil- 
grim Fathers, and their settlement at Plymouth. 

In this article especial reference is made to 
the posterity of the late Benjamin Wilson, who 
lived at Uxbridge and East Douglass, Massa- 
chusetts, and whose sons, the late Hon. George 
Francis Wilson and the late Hon. Benjamin 
Wilson, both long identified with one of the 
large and important industries of East "Provi- 
dence, who were substantial men and promi- 
nent citizens of the town, and as well their 
sons, several of whom are carrying forward 
to still greater success the work established 
and fostered by their fathers, and are worthily 
perpetuating the family name. 

(I) Lieutenant John Wilson, the first of the 
Hne in America, born in 1631, was the young- 
est 'son of Roger Willson and his wife Mary 
(Fuller), and the only one who came to Amer^ 
ica. He made the journey in 165 1, fought as 

a lieutenant in the Indian wars, and proved 
himself a most worthy man. He died in 1691. 
He was twice married, and his second wife 
was buried in the old Seekonk cemetery. His 
children were bom in W^obum, Massachusetts, 
as follows: Samuel, December 29, 1658; Abi- 
gail, August 8, 1666; EHzabeth, August 6, 
1668; Benjamin, October 15, 1670; Hannah, 
May 31, 1672, died young; John, January 3, 
1674 ; Hannah, December 28, 1674, died young ; 
Hannah, March 11, 1677; Susannah, March 
12, 1679. 

(II) Benjamin, born October 15, 1670, son 
of Lieutenant John Wilson, moved to Reho- 
both after the death of his father in 1691, be- 
came a man of property, and is often alluded 
to in the records of Rehoboth. He was twice 
married there, and had eighteen children, all 
born in Rehoboth, namely: By first wife: 
Jonathan, born November 8, 1698, died young; 
Rebecca, January 20, 1701 ; Hannah, October 
7, 1702; Frances, September 7, 1704; Eliza- 
beth, July 8, 1706; Samuel, January 5. 1708; 
Ruth, April 7, 1710; Bethiah, December 4, 
1711 ; Abigail, August 30, 1713; Mary, Octo- 
ber 17, 1714; Sarah, February 23, 1729; by 
second wife: John, October 29, 1733; Lucas, 
August 10, 1735; Ammi, April 26, 1737; Ben- 
jamin, April II, 1739; Jonathan, April 7, 1741 ; 
Ezekiel, May 11, 1744; Chloe, June 23, 1746. 

(III) John (2), son of Benjamin Wilson, 
was born October 29, 1733, and lived to be 
ninety-three years old. All his days were 
passed at Rehoboth except for the period he 
served in the French and Revolutionary wars. 
He was a soldier in the old French war under 
General Putnam, and also served in the revo- 
lutionary war, enlisting in a company of in- 
fantry raised in Rehotnoth. He was a large, 
powerful man, and many anecdotes of his 
daring deeds while in the army are inter- 
spersed through the annals of Rehoboth, and 
tradition still tells of his great strength and 
activity in the athletic trials of the days in 
which he lived. In these he never met his 
equal. His children were all born at Rehoboth, 
as follows : Molly, December 2, 1764, married 
Abel French; Sarah, September 15, 1766, died 
young; Joseph, June 25, 1768; Sarah, October 
I5» ^77^^ married Job Knapp, of Douglass; 
John, February 15, 1773; Miles, January 2y, 
1775; Abigail, April 6, 1777, married Richard 
Olney; Betsey, September 23, 1779, married 
Abraham Ormsbee: Benjamin, March 23, 
1783: Lucretia, April 24, 1785, never married. 

(IV) Benjamin (2), son of John (2) Wilson, 
born March 23, 1783, was three times married, 

his first wife being Perry; his second, 

Mercy Cragin ; and the third, Elona Carpenter, 
daughter of Nathaniel Carpenter, of Rehoboth, 

Digitized by 




Massachusetts. To the second marriage were 
born three children : George Francis, of whom 
further; Laura Maria, who married George 
Penny, of Chicago, and Mary Ann, who mar- 
ried John Drake, of Chicago. To the third 
marriage : John, who died in Worcester, Mas- 
sachusetts ; Joseph, Hving in Oshkosh, Wiscon- 
sin; Benjamin, mentioned below, and Harriet 
Elona, who married James Simmons, of 
Douglass, Massachusetts. 

(V) George Francis, eldest son of Benja- 
min (2) and Mercy Wilson, born December 
7, 1818, in Uxbridge, Massachusetts, died in 
East Providence, Rhode Island, January 19, 
1883. ^^' Wilson married, in 1844, Clarissa 
Bartlett, daughter of Prescott and Narcissa 
Bartlett, of Conway, Massachusetts, a lady of 
fine culture and intelligence and of lovely 

Mr. Wilson lived upon a farm, attending dis- 
trict schools, winters, until at the age of sev- 
enteen he injured his hip while at the plow, 
so as to affect his gait for life, and was ap- 
prenticed to Welcome and Darius Famum, of 
Waterford, Massachusetts, to learn the trade 
of wool sorting. The reason he gave for se- 
lecting this trade was characteristic of the 
man. "That kind of work cannot be done in 
the night, and I shall have all my evenings for 
study." At the end of three years he had 
mastered his trade and also had made draw- 
ings of every machine in the mill, and fully 
understood the entire business. Frederick M. 
Ballou, Esquire, and John W. Wheelock were 
apprentices with Mr. Wilson, and they fitted 
up a room, where they passed their evenings 
together in study. Of the three, his lifelong 
friend, Mr. Ballou, alone survived Mr. Wilson. 

Mr. Wilson received recommendations from 
his employers and a valuable testimonial, but 
he wished for a better education before com- 
mencing in earnest the work of his life, and 
having added to previous savings by a year 
of bookkeeping for Squire Bezeleel Taft, of 
Uxbridge, he entered the academy at Shel- 
burne Falls, Massachusetts, as a pupil, and 
afterward became a teacher there. In 1844 
Mr. Wilson went with his newly married wife 
to Chicago, traveling by canal to Buffalo and 
by schooner through the lakes. Here they 
opened the Chicago Academy, in the Metho- 
dist Episcopal church, at the corner of Clark 
and Washington streets, commencing with 
three scholars, and ending in 1848, when they 
decided to return east, with two hundred and 
twenty-five pupils, including many who have 
largely contributed to the progress of the 
wonderful city, among these John B. and 
Charles Farwell. From 1848 to 1854 Mr. Wil- 
son was successively in the employ of the late 

Governor Jackson, the elder Sprague, at Quid- 
nick, and the Atlantic Delaine Company, at 
Olneyville. In January, 1855, he entered into 
a partnership with Professor E. N. Horsford, 
of Cambridge, Massachusetts, who then held 
the Rumford Professorship at Harvard, for 
a purpose which is best expressed perhaps in 
one clause of their agreement made at that 
time, somewhat quaint for these modern days, 
and well worthy of record. This clause de- 
clares their purpose to be that of "building 
up a chemical manufacturing establishment of 
respectability and permanency, such as shall 
be an honor to ourselves and our children, and 
a credit to the community in which it is lo- 
cated, and which shall afford us a reasonable 
means of support." How well their intentions 
were realized all know who are familiar with 
the manufacturing interests of this vicinity. 
In 1856-57 the business was moved from 
Providence to what was then Seekonk, but 
which by change of the state line has since 
become East Provid-ence, and the firm of 
George F. Wilson & Company became and has 
since continued to be the Rumford Chemical 
Works, and the' names of its productions are 
now household words in this country from one 
ocean to the other. 

The business of the Rumford Chemical 
Works, as stated, was established by George 
F. Wilson and Professor E. N. Horsford in 
1854-55. In 1858 or 1859 tl^^ concern was 
incorporated as the Rumford Chemical Works, 
the name being given to the works and village 
where one of its plants is located, in honor of 
Coiint Rumford, the eminent authority on the 
means of supplying nutritious food, who had 
founded' at Harvard University a professor- 
ship for the purpose of teaching the utility of 
science, a chair which was occupied by Pro- 
fessor Horsford from 1847 to 1863. At these 
works are manufactured culinary and medical 
preparations of the phosphates, including 
Rumford Baking Powder, Horsford's Bread 
Preparation, Rumford Yeast Powder, Hors- 
ford's Acid Phosphates, etc. At the time of 
the beginning of the manufacture of these 
phosphatic products, under the patent of Pro- 
fessor Horsford, the only virtue of any baking 
powder, yeast or other preparation for the 
raising of bread was its power to make the 
dough light, none of them contributing any- 
thing of nutritious value. Professor Hors- 
ford's object was to produce a powder that 
would not only raise the dough, but also supply 
the nutritious elements so essential to the 
healthy condition of the human body which 
are removed from fine white flour during -the 
process of bolting, and how well he succeeded 
in accomplishing his object may be judged by 

Digitized by 




the statement of the late Baron Liebig, of Ger- 
many, one of the leading chemists of his time, 
who in commenting upon this preparation 
said, "I consider this invention as one of the 
most useful gifts which science has made to 
mankind. It is certain that the nutritive value 
of flour will be increased ten per cent by this 
phosphatic preparation." Of Professor Hors- 
ford's profound knowledge and research as a 
chemist were born the preparations which bear 
his name, while to Mr. Wilson's genuine and 
indomitable energy are due the credit of in« 
venting the unique apparatus and machinery 
for their practical production, the creation of 
a demand for articles hitherto unknown, and 
the building up of a successful business in their 

Mr. Wilson resided in Providence from 
1852 to 1861, during which time he was for 
many years a very prominent member of the 
school committee, and for two terms served 
the city in the house of representatives, in 
i860 and 1861. In 1861 he removed to East 
Providence, where he ever afterward resided. 
He was four times elected a member of the 
school conunittee, and was also one of the 
town council of 1873, the other members being 
Hon. William Whitcomb and Hon. E. D. 
Pearce, all of whom died within a year of each 
other, the latter gentleman dying within a few 
hours of Mr. Wilson. Their long controversy 
over the red bridge question is well known, 
and the characteristic energy which each threw 
into the contest; but perhaps only those who 
were intimate with them know that during the 
whole of it they were frequent visitors at each 
others' houses, and always met and greeted 
one another as "George" and "Ned," and their 
friendship afterward seemed to be rather 
strengthened than impaired. 

Mr. Wilson's thorough knowledge of me- 
chanical principles and appliances was well 
known and was practically exemplified in his 
own business. His opinion was constantly 
sought upon new inventions and his advice by 
inventors struggling with mechanical difficulties 
in their road to success, many of whom left 
with substantial assistance in addition to ad- 
vice. His own inventions, both of process and 
appliances, were numerous, as the files of the 
Patent Office will show. Outside of the busi- 
ness of the works, some of the most important 
are an improvement in the manufacture of 
steel, a revolving boiler for paper manufacture, 
and important discoveries in illuminating ap- 
paratus for lighthouse use. In 1872 the honor- 
ary d^ree of Master of Arts was conferred 
on Mr. Wilson by Brown University. He was 
a member of the Franklin Lyceum, the Frank- 
lin Society, and the Rhode Island Society for 

the Encouragement of Domestic Industry, and 
for many years actively participated in the 
proceedings of all of them. His- interest in 
agricultural matters was always great and the 
contributions of the works under his direction 
to the affairs of the latter society, both of 
stock and farm products, were remarkable for 
excellence and quantity. He was an extensive 
reader, a deep thinker, possessed of a mind 
and memory of no common order, and his 
universal and thorough acquaintance with all 
current and scientific subjects, and with litera- 
ture, astonished all who knew what a busy 
life he led. 

It has been stated that the wife of Mr. Wil- 
son was a woman of fine culture and intelli- 
gence and of lovely character. To her is at- 
tributed a large measure of the success of the 
Academy at Chicago, in which they were both 
teachers, and she was, indeed, a helpmate to 
him in the days of his early struggle as a man- 
ufacturer. Her memory is held in loving rev- 
erence by many of the employes of her hus- 
band, among whom she went with open hand, 
and to whose necessities in sickness and 
trouble she so often ministered. Her death 
occurred in 1880. Five children, two sons and 
three daughters, survived Mr. Wilson. The 
six children of George. F. and Clarissa (Bart- 
lett) Wilson were born as follows: Clara 
Frances, March 13, 1847, married Arthur 
Penny, of Chicago ; Ellery Holbrook, Septem- 
ber 20, 1848, now deceased; George Francis, 
October 10, 1856, now deceased; Mary Au- 
gusta, July 25, 1852, unmarried ; Ella Narcissa, 
August 23, 1855, died young; Alice Louise, 
September 2, 1859, married Wallington L. 
Mathews, and they reside at Conway, Massa- 

Mr. Wilson died at his home in East Provi- 
dence ( formerly a part of the ancient Seekonk, 
Massachusetts). In his will he bequeathed to 
Dartmouth College the sum of $50,000 for the 
erection of a library building, and to Brown 
University the sum of $100,000 for the erec- 
tion and equipment of the Physical Laboratory 
known as Wilson Hall. 

The Providence Journal, at the time of his 
death, prefaced its remarks with these lines: 

"The death* of George F. Wilson will recall 
many reminiscences of a man not more dis- 
tinguished as a successful manufacturer than 
for general culture and energetic discharge of 
duty in business and official life," and closed 
them with the following: "Thus ends a life 
full of lessons to the young, a practical exem- 
plification of the great truth that in this 
country a man's life may be what the boy 
resolves it shall be." 

(V) Benjamin (3), son of Benjamin (2) and 

Digitized by 


1 154 


Elona (Carpenter) Wilson, and a half-brother 
of George Francis Wilson, was born March 
15, 1832, in East Douglass, Massachusetts. 
He was educated in the common schools and 
high school at East Douglass, Massachusetts, 
but left school when about seventeen years of 
age. By careful reading of standard works 
he overcame his earlier deficiency, and was a 
thoroughly educated and cultured man, and he 
took great pride in his fine private library. 
When about twenty years of age he was em- 
ployed as bookkeeper at Northbridge, Massa- 
chusetts, for Deacon Joel Batchelder, a boot 
and shoe manufacturer. He then came to 
Rhode Island and entered the employ of the 
Atlantic Delaine Mill, Olneyville, where his 
brother George F. was employed, and in 1854 
or 1855, when the business of George F. Wil- 
son, was established, began as an employe of 
the concern. Two years later, in 1856, he 
went to Chicago, Illinois, and engaged in the 
business of brick making. Owing to impaired 
health he returned East in 1864, and again 
identified himself with the Rumford Chemical 
Works, being made superintendent of the 
plant, a position he held for over forty years, 
during which time he contributed his portion 
to the success of this great industry by his 
careful attention and management of its 

Mr. Wilson for many years had taken an 
active part in the public affairs of East Provi- 
dence. He was a Republican and had been 
active in his party, was for more than twenty- 
one years a member of the town council and 
its president for eighteen years, and was eleven 
years judge of probate just prior to his death. 
He was well known in the Business Men's 
Association, having served the association as 
first vice-president and was its second presi- 
dent. He was a member of both the Athletic 
and Pomham clubs, and fraternally of the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and at 
one time took an active part in the latter order. 
Like his brother Mr. Wilson was a man of 
excellent mental equipment. Largely self- 
educated, he was well read and a- most enter- 
taining conversationalist. He was a close stu- 
dent of human nature, and met men in all the 
various relations of life with rare good judg- 

Benjamin (3) Wilson married, November 
26, 1857, Julia Eveline Dickinson, born No- 
vember 20, 1834, and died March 3, 1909, 
daughter of Elijah K. Dickinson, of Barre, 
Massachusetts. Children: i. Fred W., who 
died aged seventeen years, of scarlet fever. 
2. Clarence E., of whom further. 3. Benjamin, 
who died aged eleven years, of scarlet fever. 
4. Jessie, of whom further. 

(VI) Ctarence E., son of Benjamin (3) 
and Julia E. (Dickinson) Wilson, was born 
February 19, i860, in Chicago, died April 7, 
191 1, aged fifty-one years. He was educated 
at the public schools and Mowry & Goff's 
academy. When seventeen years of age, w4iile 
a sophomore at Brown University, he hurt his 
arm, and on account of his bad health he gave 
up study for a time ; finally renewing it, how- 
ever, under Professor Appleton, at Brown 
University, where he was graduated in 1884. 
He then went to Columbia University, attend- 
ing the School of Mines, and graduating with 
the class of 1887. His business career began 
in Boston, at a die-cutting works, after which 
he took up a new course of instruction as first 
assistant to Professor Appleton in the line 
of chemistry. He then went into the employ 
of the Gold Refining Company, of Pawtucket ; 
later entering that of the American Smelting 
& Refining Company, at Perth Amboy, New 
Jersey, where he was at the time of his death. 
He belonged to the Chemists* Club, of New 
York. He attended the Congregational church, 
and in politics was a Republican. He mar- 
ried Sarah Dugay, and their children were: 
I. Julia M., born February 25, 1894. 2. Lorine 
E., born July 16, 1895. 

(VI) Jessie, daughter of Benjamin (3) and 
Julia E. (Dickinson) Wilson, was born in 
Chicago. She went to Brown University, and 
graduated with the class of 1898, specializing 
in history. She then received the degree of 
Bachelor of Philosophy, and in 1899 that of 
Master of Arts. After this she had three 
years of history study with Professors Mc- 
Donald and Munro. Her residence in Rum- 
ford is the house which was built by her father 
thirty years ago. Miss Wilson has a delightful 
personality, is a charming conversationalist, 
showing evidence of her high culture, and is a 
woman whose acquaintance is both of pleasure 
and value. 

Robert Daniels, the immigrant 
DANIELS ancestor, was born in England 

about 1590, and died in 1655. 
He was settled at Watertown, Massachusetts, 
as early as 1636, and one of the proprietors 
of that town. He was a yeoman or husband- 
man and took the freeman's oath March 14, 
1638-9. He sold his land at Watertown and 
located in Cambridge, where he became a 
prominent citizen and town officer. His wife 
Elizabeth died October 2, 1643, ^ind he married 
(second) May 2, 1654, Rena, widow of Wil- 
liam Andrews, to whom he bequeathed in his 
will dated July 3, 1655, the estate she brought 
to him by marriage and other property. His 
widow Rena married Edmund Frost. Chil- 

Digitized by 




dren of Robert and Elizabeth Daniels : Eliza- 
beth, born 1630, married, May 17, 1655, 
Thomas Fanning ; Samuel, 1633, married, May 
.10, 1671, Mercy Grace, of Watertown, and 
settled at. Bohistow, Medfield; Joseph, men- 
tioned below; Sarah, 1640, married William 
Cheney; Mary, September 2, 1642, married, 
June 14, 1660, Sampson Frary, who was slain 
at Deerfield by the Indians, 1704; Thomas, 
buried September 6, 1644. 

(II) Joseph, son of Robert Daniels, was 
born about 1640, in Watertown or Cambridge. 
He settled at Medfield, where he had several 
grants on the west side of the Charles river. 
His home was burned by the Indians during 
the raid in King Philip's war. He was select- 
man of the town three years, and in 1700 
taught the school in the west district. He mar- 
ried (first) Mary Adams, born September 10, 
1647, daughter of George and Mary Adams. 
Her father was a pioneer at Watertown and 
Lancaster and finally at Cambridge. Mary 
died June 9, 1682. Joseph Daniels married 
(second) Rachel Sheffield, born March 24, 
1660, at Braintree, daughter of William and 
Mary Sheffield. He married (third) Lydia 
(Adams) Allen, daughter of Edward and 
Lydia Adams and widow of James Allen. His 
widow died December 26, 1731. He died June 
23, 1715. Children by first wife: Joseph, men- 
tioned below; Mary, born July 4, 1669; Sam- 
uel, October 20, 1671 ; Mehitable, July 10, 
1674, died 1686; Ebenezer, April 24, 1677; 
Elizabeth, March 9, 1679; Jeremiah, March 17, 

1680, died June 16, 1680; Eleazer, March 9, 

1 68 1, lived at Mendon. Children by second 
wife: Jeremiah, November 3, 1684; Rachel, 
October 17, 1686; Zachariah, April 9, 1687, 
died May 2, 1689. 

(III) Joseph (2), son of Joseph (i) Dan- 
iels, was born at Medfield, September 23, 1666, 
and died there January 14, 1739. He lived in 
what is now the town of Millis, formerly Med- 
field. He married Rachel Partridge, bom 1669, 
at Medfield, daughter of John and Magdalen 
(Bullard) Partridge; (second) Bethia, daugh- 
ter of Thomas and Mary (Hill) Breck; she 
was born in Sherborn, December 20, 1673, died 
February 3, 1754. Children, born at Medfield : 
Samuel, mentioned below; Joseph, December 
15* 1695; David, February 21, 1698-99; Han- 
nah, September 30, 1701 ; Axra, March 10, 
1704; Sarah, May 17, 1707; Abigail, March 
15, 1715; Tamar, March 17, 1717. 

(IV) Samuel, son of Joseph (2) Daniels, 
was born at Medfield, December 25, 1693, and 
died in 1789. He married, December 6, 17 17, 
Experience Adams, born 1696, at Medfield, 
now Medway, daughter of Deacon Peter and 
Experience (Cook) Adams. She died March 

29, 1 73 1, and he .married (second) February 
20, 1733, Sarah Phipps, born at Wrentham, 
Massachusetts, daughter of John Phipps, 
nephew and adopted son of Sir William 
Phipps, of London, England. Children by first 
wife: Samuel, mentioned below; Timothy, 
born September 6, 1722, of Sherborn; Nathan, 
August 20, 1727; John, August 18, 1728, set- 
tled in Keene, New Hampshire; Simeon, 
March 8, 1730-31, of Wrentham; Reuben, No- 
vember 25, 1733, died 1734; Sarah, January 
10, 1735 ; Mary, April 23, 1736; Japeth, Febru- 
ary 17, 1738; Abijah, July 27, 1740. 

(V) Samuel (2), son of Samuel (i) Dan- 
iels, was born at Medfield, Massachusetts, June 
8, 1720, and died at Keene, New Hampshire, 
November 23, 1809, "aged eighty-nine" (town 
records). The history of Keene says: "Sam- . 
uel and Ebenezer Daniels came to Upper 
Ashuelot (Keene) previous to 1740, and set- 
tled on the hill in the southwest part of the 
town, called Daniels Hill, now West Mountain. 
They and their descendants lived there until 
1850." Ebenezer Daniels was a near relative 
of Samuel. Samuel appears as an inhabitant 
or proprietor in 1736, and there is reason to 
believe that this Samuel was Samuel Daniels 
(IV). Samuel Daniels signed a petition of 
the proprietors in 1750. Samuel Daniels and 
others from Medfield, Dedham, Canton, 
Wrentham, and vicinity, were granted ten acre 
lots in 1742, provided they live on their lots 
two years. The town as first settled was aban- 
doned and not reoccupied until 1750. It was 
incorporated in 1753. Samuel Daniels must be 
reckoned as one of the founders. He was on 
the alarm list in 1773, and signed the associa- 
tion test in 1776. This record entitles his de- 
scendants to membership in the revolutionary 
societies. He married, at Medfield, January 
7, 1743, Hannah Hill. The history of Med- 
field states that he went to Keene. His widow 
Hannah died at Keene, March 19, 1819, aged 
ninety-five years. Among children were: 
Bethia, born February 14, 1762; Aaron, De- 
cember 10, 1765; Samuel, mentioned below. 

(VI) Samuel (3), son of Samuel (2) Dan- 
iels, died at Keene, October 22, 1829, aged 
sixty, according to the town record. He mar- 
ried Hepzibah Munroe, of Lexington, Massa- 
chusetts, sister of Thaddeus Daniels. He was 
a soldier in the war of 1812 and received a 
land warrant for land in Arkansas, signed by 
James Madison, president of the United States. 

(VII) John Porter, son of Samuel (3) 
Daniels, was born in Keene, New Hamp- 
shire, April, 1806. He married, October 18, 
1833, Eleanor Sophia, daughter of William 
and Anna (Cutter) Whittemore ; . she was 
born November 24, 1809, died at Arling- 

Digitized by 




ton, December 25, 1868 (see Whittemore). 
He died December 9, 1852, at Arlington, Mas- 
sachusetts. Children, born at Arlington : Ellen 
S., February 7, 1835; John P., December 7, 
1836; son died aged four weeks ; daughter died 
July 19, 1844; Almira, died May 17, 1843, 
aged three years ; Henry Clay, mentioned be- 

(VHI) Henry Clay, son of John Porter 
Daniels, was born in West Cambridge (Arling- 
ton), May 26, 1842. He attended the public 
schools in Arlington and Newton, whither the 
family removed after his father died. He 
worked on a farm until he came of age. He 
was afterward for a period of eighteen years 
bookkeeper for Hills & Brother in Boston. He 
then engaged in business on his account for a 
short time as a dealer in flour, grain and feed. 
Afterward he had a livery stable and under- 
taking business, in which he continued for 
thirty years. He retired in 191 1. Since 1850 
he has resided in Newton. For many years 
he was one of the leading business men of the 
town. In politics he is a Republican. He is 
a member of the Channing Unitarian Church. 
When a young man he served in the state 
•militia, in the Boston Lancers. He has been 
overseer of the poor and assessor of Newton. 
He is a member of the Middlesex Qub, a Re- 
publican organization, and of the Hunnewell 
Qub of Newton; of the Stablekeepers Asso- 
ciation; of Fraternal Lodge of Free Masons; 
the Retired Firemen's Association ; the Hunne- 
well Improvement Association; the Unitarian 
Club. He married, January 21, 1873, Ada 
Eudora, daughter of Captain Richard and 
Eliza Ann (Holmes) Hopkins, of Belfast, 
Maine. They were married at the home of 
her uncle, William M. Hopkins, at Boston. 
She was a descendant of Stephen Hopkins, a 
**Mayflower" passenger. Children: i. Ada Eu- 
dora, born in Boston, October 21, 1873; g^^^d- 
uate of Newton high school, student of chem- 
istry at the Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 
nology, teacher of domestic science, Boston, 
at the State Normal School, Framingham, 
Massachusetts, and at the Mary Hitchcock 
Hospital, Dartmouth College, where she taught 
the nurses how to prepare food ; now in charge 
of household economics in public schools of 
Hartford, Connecticut. 2. Amy Louise, born 
at Dorchester, July 26, 1875; graduate of 
Newton high school; student of chemistry at 
the Massachusetts Institute of Technology; 
graduate of Teachers' Institute of Columbia 
College, New York City; taught household 
economics in Springfield, Massachusetts, after 
she had been instructor in this subject in the 
Manual Training High School in Denver, Colo- 
rado, and the University of Chicago ; she vol- 

unteered her services in the care of infants 
during the summer months at Baltimore, Mary- 
land ; now professor of physiology in Colum- 
bia University, Columbia, Missouri. 3. George < 
Henry, born at Newton, March 9, 1880; edu- 
cated in grammar and high schools of Newton ; 
member of the Fraternal Lodge of Free Ma- 
sons, Newton; captain of the Claflin Guards, 
Newton; employed by Badger Copper Com- 
pany, Boston; married Marion Stewart, and 
resides in Dorchester, part of Boston. 4. 
Harold Clay, born in Newton, March 14, 1882; 
graduate of Newton high school, 1902 ; second 
lieutenant in United States Marine Corps; 
studied at the Officers' School, Port Royal, 
South Carolina, one year, and at the Brooklyn 
navy yard ; went to San Francisco and served 
three years in the Philippines ; thence to Shang- 
hai, China, Pekin, and Hong Kong, taking 
part in the expeditionary service; afterward 
stationed for four years at Manila, and is now 
at Charlestown navy yard. 5. Milton Whitte- 
more, born at Newton, March 3, 1894, died 
November 7, 1905. 

(The Whittemore Line). 

This family traces its ancestry to Peter de 
Botrel, of Staffordshire, England, and his son, 
Ralph de Botrel, by whose second wife came 
Ralph de Botrel, who had a son John. This 
Sir John bought the titles of the Lord of Whit- 
more, and had a son, John Whitmore, whose 
son Richard married Susannah Dray cote. 
Richard's son, Philip Whitmore, married 
Thomasine, daughter of Richard Okeover, and 
their son Richard, who had a son Nicholas by 
his third wife, daughter of Simon Harcourt 
probably. Nicholas married Anne, daughter 
of Thomas Aston, and their son Anthony mar- 
ried Christina, daughter of Nicholas Vaux. 
William, son of Anthony, had a son John, of 
Caunton, who married (first) Alice Blyton, 
daughter of Robert, of Caunton, county Notts, 
and (second) Catherine, daughter of Robert 
Compton, of Hawton. Robert, son of John 
and heir of Caunton, married Catherine, daugh- 
ter of George Claye (first), and (second) 
Alice Atwoode, the mother of Charles. Charles, 
son of Robert, lived at Tixforth, county Notts ; 
his son Thomas lived at Hitchin, county Hert- 
ford, and was father of the immigrants 
Thomas, of Maiden, and John, of Stamford. 

(I) Thomas (2), son of Thomas (i) 
Whittemore, was born at Hitchin, Hertford- 
shire, England, and came to America before 
1640, when he was in Charlestown, Massachu- 
setts, in the part now Maiden, and signed a 
petition with neighbors for better privileges 
in 1640. He married (second) April 14, 1^3, 
in England, Sarah Deardes, buried November 

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17, 1628. He married (third) Hannah y 

who was born 161 2, according to her deposi- 
tion, and who married (second) June 3, 1663, 
Benjamin Butterfield. Whittemore died at 
Maiden, May 25, 166 1, and his will was proved 
June 25, 1661. Children: Sarah, baptized 
April 14, 1616; Mary, baptized May 12, 1624; 
Thomas, baptized October 6, 1626; Daniel, 
baptized July 13, 1633; John, baptized April 
27, buried 29, 1635; Nathaniel, baptized May 
i» 1636; John, baptized February 11, 1638-39; 
Elizabeth; Benjamin; Thomas, one of the 
cases of two sons of the same name living at 
same time, the elder living in England and 
younger in America in this case ; Samuel, men- 
tioned below ; Peletiah ; Abraham. 

(II) Samuel, son of Thomas (2) Whitte- 
more, married Hannah , and moved to 

Dover, New Hampshire. He died September 
15, 1726. Children: Samuel, married Lydia 
Scott, and died before his brother Samuel's 
birth ; Hannah; Elizabeth; Sarah; Mary; Abi- 
gail; Susannah, died young; Thomas, died 
young; Samuel, mentioned below. 

(III) Samuel (2), son of Samuel (i) 
Whittemore, was bom July 2^, 1696, and died 
February 3, 1793, aged ninety-six. He served 
in the revolution on important committees, and 
when eighty years old, at Lexington, was struck 
by a bullet and left for dead, but recovered in 
about four hours. He married (first) Eliza- 
beth Spring, and (second) Esther Prentice. 
Children: Samuel; Elizabeth; Sarah; Han- 
nah, died young ; Thomas ; Susannah ; William, 
mentioned below; Catharine; Hannah; Mary. 

(IV) William, son of Samuel (2) Whitte- 
more, was born in 1732, and died 1818. He 
was graduated from Harvard College in 1755, 
and married Abigail, daughter of Captain 
Philip Carteret, and descendant of President 
Dunster, of Harvard University. Children: 
Elizabeth Carteret, died young ; Elizabeth Car- 
teret; Philip Carteret; William, died 'young; 
William, mentioned below ; Abigail. 

(V) William Whittemore, son of William, 
was born June 30, 1772, and married, Febru- 
ary 2, 1796, Anna Cutter (see CutFer). 

(The Cutter Line). 

(I) Elizabeth Cutter, widow, the immigrant 
ancestor, was born in England, and lived at 
Newcastle under the ministry of Mr. Rodwell. 
Her husband, probably Samuel Cutter, died be- 
fore she came to America, and she seems to 
have followed her sons, William and Richard. 
She lived in Cambridge with her daughter Bar- 
bara, wife of Elijah Corlet, for a score of 
years, and died there January 10, 1663-64, 
aged about eighty-nine. Children: William; 
Richard, mentioned below; Barbara. 

(II) Richard Cutter, son of Elizabeth, was 
born in England, about 1621, and died June 
16, 1693, aged about seventy-two. He prob- 
ably came before his mother. He was a cooper 
by trade. He was admitted a freeman June 2, 
1641, when he was doubtless over twenty-one. 
He joined the Artillery Company of Boston 
in 1643. He married, about 1644, Elizabeth 

, who died March 5, 1661-62, aged 

forty-two. He married (second) February 

14, 1662-63, Frances (Merriman) Amsden, 
widow of Isaac Amsden, of Cambridge. He 
owned various parcels of land in the vicinity of 
Cambridge. His homestead was m Menotomy, 
then Cambridge. His will, dated April 19, 
1693, was proved July 24, 1693. Children: 
Elizabeth, born July 15, 1645; Samuel^ Janu- 
ary 3, 1646-47, at Cambridge; Thomas, July 
19, 1648 ; William, mentioned below ; Ephraim, 
1651; Gershom, 1653; Mary, 1657; Nathaniel, 
December 11, 1663; Rebecca, September 5, 
1665 ; Hepsibah, November 11, 1667, died Feb- 
ruary 27, 1667-68; Elizabeth, May i, 1668-69; 
Hepsibah, August 15, 1671 ; Ruhamah, 1678. 

(III) William, son of Richard Cutter, was 
born at Cambridge, February 22, 1649-50. He 
and his wife were admitted to the church, July 
28, 1700. He inherited his father's estate, also 
bought much land, and was a housewright as 
well as farmer. He married Rebecca Wolfe, 
daughter of John, and she married (second) 
June 3, 1724, John Whitmore; she died No- 
vember 23, 1 75 1, aged ninety. William Cut- 
ter's will, dated June i, 1722, was proved 
April 29, 1723. Children: Elizabeth, born 
March 5, 1680-81 ; Richard, November 13, 
1682; Mary, January 26, 1684-85, died April 
6, 1685 ; Hannah, May 20, 1688; John, October 

15, 1690; Rebecca, January 18, 1692-93; Wil- 
liam, 1697; Samuel, June 14, 1700, mentioned 
below; Sarah, baptized October 18, 1702; 
Ammi Ruhamah, baptized May 6, 1705. 

(IV) Samuel, son of William Cutter, was 
born June 14, 1700, and died September 2fj, 
1737. He married, November 10, 1720, Anne, 
daughter of John and Hannah (Winter) Har- 
rington, and they owneH the covenant in the 
church September 17, 1721, being admitted 
September 29, 1723. She married (second) 
March 31, 1743, Nathaniel Francis, and died 
December 31, 1777. Children: William, born 
September 10, 1721, died April 27, 1737; 
Esther, February 15, i723'-24; Samuel, bap- 
tized March 31, 1728, died young; Anne, bom 
January 30, 1730-31 ; Rebecca, March 3, 1732- 
33; Hannah, February 27, 1734-35; Samuel, 
January 21, 1736, mentioned below. 

(V) Lieutenant Samuel (2) Cutter, son of 
Samuel (i) Cutter, was born January 21, 1736, 
and died April 7, 1791. He served in the revo- 

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1 158 


lution, at the battle of Bunker Hill, June 17, 
1775; ensign of Captain Isaac Hall's company, 
Colonel Thomas Gardner's regiment, stationed 
near Lechmere's Point, East Cambridge, and 
this company on reaching the Hill, was ordered 
by Putnam to help in throwing up defenses; 
later Cutter was commissioned lieutenant. On 
April 7, 1791, he was accidentally killed by fall- 
ing from a cart. He married, April 28, 1757, 
Susanna Francis, born November 28, 1734, died 
December 19, 18 17, daughter of Ebenezer and 
Rachel (Tufts) Francis. Children: Samuel, 
born January 30, 1758; William, July 15, 1759; 
Susanna, March 12, 1761 ; Francis, April 15, 
1763; Ezekiel, December 24, 1764; Ebenezer, 
December 29, 1765 ; Abigail, January 19, 1769; 
Anna, June 19, 1771, married February 2, 
1796, William Whittemore (see Whittemore) ; 
Adam, April 12, 1774; Edward, June 9, 177S, 
died August 2, 1778; Washington, June 18, 

George Corliss, the immigrant 
CORLISS ancestor, was born in Devon- 
shire, England, about 1617, son 
of Thomas Corliss. He came to New England 
in 1639, and settled in Newbury, Massachu- 
setts. He moved soon to Haverhill, where he 
resided the remainder of his life. He settled 
in 1640 in the west parish of Haverhill, and 
the farm, now known as the Poplar Lawn 
Farm, was owned by a descendant, at last ac- 
counts. He was the first settler in that part 
of the town, and built a log house in 1637. ^^^ 
name was on the list of freemen in 1645. He 
was constable in 1650, selectman in 1648-53- 
57-69-79. His will was dated October 18, 
1686, and he died October 19, 1686. It is a 
remarkable coincidence that George Corliss, 
his son John and his grandson John, all died on 
the same farm, and each one sitting in the same 
chair. He married, October 26, 1645, ^^ 
Haverhill, Joanna, daughter of Thomas Davis. 
Children : Mary, born September 6, 1646, mar- 
ried William Neff and was with Hannah Dus- 
tin when she was captured by the Indians; 
John, mentioned below; Joanna, April 28, 
1650; Martha, June 2, 1652; Deborah, June 6, 
1655; Ann, November 8, 1657; Huldah, No- 
vember 18, 1661 ; Sarah, February 23, 1663. 
(II) John, son of George Corliss, was born 
in Haverhill, Massachusetts, March 4, 1648, 
died February 17, 1698. He inherited the 
homestead from his father, and his name is 
among those who took the oath of allegiance 
at Haverhill, November 28, 1677. He was also 
among those soldiers paid by the town, Au- 
gust 24, 1676, for serving in the Indian wars. 
He died intestate, February 17, 1698, and the 
inventory of his estate was filed August i, 

1698. He married Mary, born November 18, 
1667, daughter of Gilbert Wilford, of Haver- 
hill. She married (second) William Whit- 
taker, of Haverhill. Children: John, mention- 
ed below; Mary, born February 25, 1687; 
Thomas, March 2, 1689 ; Hannah, 1691 ; Tim- 
othy, December 13, 1693; Jonathan, July 16, 
1695; Mehitable, May 15, 1698. 

(III) John (2), son of John (i) Corliss, 
was born at Haverhill, Massachusetts, March 
4, 1686, died in 1766. He resided on the old 
homestead. He willed it to his son, but as he 
lived longer than his son, the estate went to his 
grandsons. In appearance he was more than 
six feet in height and finely proportioned. He 
had a powerful voice, and it is said he could 
be heard and understood a mile away. He had 
remarkable health until he was more than sev- 
enty-five years old. His children all received 
a good education, and were provided for lib- 
erally by him. He married, in 171 1, Ruth 
Haynes, born February 7, 1691, died in 1787. 
Children: Ruth, born October 14, 1712; 
George, March 4, 1714, died April 4, 1714; 
John, mentioned below; Timothy, February 
4, 1717; Sarah, November, 1718; Abigail, No- 
vember 20, 1720; Joseph, November 4, 1722; 
Hannah, August 16, 1724; Infant, died yt)ung; 
Mary, born May 8, 1727; Infant, died young; 
Jonathan, born February 25, 1730; Joshua, 
January 19, 1733. 

(IV) John (3), son of John (2) Corliss, 
was born September 12, 1715, on the Corliss 
farm at Haverhill, Massachusetts, died there 
November 15, 1753. His widow Abiah, and 
Joseph Haynes, of Haverhill, settled his estate 
in June, 1754. The inventory was dated De- 
cember 29, 1753, and in it is mentioned a 
negro girl, valued at forty pounds. Joseph 
Haynes gave a negro child which he took from 
the Corliss estate to his wife, in 1739; she was 
named Selah Jarvis, being baptized Celia in 
1738. She lived in the Haynes family until 
her death, November 6, 1834, aged ninety-five 
years. John Corliss married (first) November 
30, 1737, Abigail, or Mary, born May 22, 1720, 
died January 4, 1753, daughter of James and 
Martha Mitchell, of Haverhill. He married 
(second) September 13, 1753, Abiah Whittier. 
He was a farmer. Children, bom in Haver- 
hill: Sarah, September 21, 1738, died Novem- 
ber 3, 1738; Elizabeth, September i, 1739, died 
September i, 1739; Mehitable, August i, 1741; 
James, July 7, 1743; Martha, June 28, 1745; 
John, mentioned below; Mitchell, March 29, 
1749; Ruth, January 8, 1750, died August 22^ 
1755; Patty; Samuel, December 31, 1754, died 
same day. 

(V) John (4), son of John (3) Corliss, 
was born at Haverhill, Massachusetts, May 8, 

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1747, died at Easton, New York, May 27, 
1822. He lived in Haverhill, Massachusetts, 
and Haverhill, New Hampshire, until about 
1790 or 1793, ^"d then moved to New York 
state, starting for what is now known as Gal- 
way, Saratoga county, New York. When he 
reached the place now known as Schuylerville, 
he found that the Hudson river was frozen 
over, but that the ice was too thin to cross on, 
and so he changed his plans, settling instead at 
Easton, Washington county. New York, where 
his youngest son was born. Before he moved 
to New York state he had been a well-to-do 
farmer, with no need to worry about the 
future, but the depreciation of "Continental 
money" just after he had sold three large 
farms changed his fortunes, and he was forced 
to move in order to support his family. His 
brother James was in New Hampshire, and he 
went there for a time, then going to Easton. 
After some years he gave the care of his farm 
to his sons, Mitchell and John, who during the 
war of 1812 purchased about six hundred acres 
of land on the west side of the town of Sara- 
toga, in addition to the land owned on the east 
side of the river. Part of this land belonged 
to the Van Vechten family, an old Knicker- 
bocker family. The sons were engaged in 
lumbering, in addition to farming, and they 
became quite wealthy ; their money depreciated 
at the close of the war of 1812, but they gained 
it again by their industry and became very 
well-to-do. In appearance Captain John Cor- 
liss was of large stature, heavy and powerful, 
and he possessed much dignity and fine man- 
ners. He was born and bred a gentleman and 
was- marked by his high sense of honor. He 
was an unusually skilled horseman and his 
appearance on horseback was very imposing. 
He- served from July 15 to October 10, 1780, 
from Haverhill, in the revolution. Captain 
Jonathan Ayer's company. Colonel Nathaniel 

He married Lydia Haynes, of Haverhill, 
Massachusetts. She was born January 3, 1750, 
died July 8, 1823. Children: Tristram, born 
December 3, 1769; Mehitable, August 25, 
1771; Lydia, June 2, 1773; John, March 28, 
177s; Elizabeth, rebruary 27, 1777; Mitchell, 
August 9, 1779; Abigail, October 8, 1781; 
Sarah, December 30, 1783, died November 15, 
1784; James, November i, 1785; Joseph 
Haynes, April 8, 1788; Sarah, January 24, 
1791, died February 25, 1792; Hiram, men- 
tioned below; son, December 9, 1795, died 


(VI) Dr. Hiram Corliss, son of John (4) 
Corliss, was born at Easton, New York, Octo- 
ber 21, 1793. He lived in Union Village, 
Washington county, New York, where he was 

a physician. He continued in practice after 
he was eighty years old. He married (first) 
Susan Sheldon, born May 28, 1794, died April 
5, 1843. K^ married (second) Alma H. 
Sampson, born 1804, died June 5, 1858. He 
married (third) Maria Cowan, born August 
12, 181 1. Children: Mary P.. born July 29, 
1815; George Henry, mentioned below; Eliza- 
beth S., July 23, 1819, died May 26, 1820; 
Albert Hiram, May 11, 1823; Charles, Febru- 
ary 26, 1826; Elizabeth S., April 11, 1829; 
Sarah S., September 25, 183 1, died December 
10, 1846; William, November 5, 1834; Susan 
Frances, August 12, 1839, died September 9, 

(VH) Hon. George Henry Corliss, son of 
Dr. Hiram Corliss, was born in Easton, Wash-- 
ington county, New York, June 2, 1817. He 
attended the village schools until he was four- 
teen years old and then started upon his busi- 
ness career, as so many great Americans have 
done, as clerk in a general store. But after 
three years he decided to continue his studies 
and he became a student in the academy at 
Castleton, Vermont. Early in 1838 he engaged 
in business on his own account as a general 
merchant at Greenwich, New York. At the 
age of eighteen his skill as an engineer was 
foreshadowed in planning and building a tem- 
porary bridge across Batten Kill, but at the 
age of twenty-four he had never been in a 
machine shop nor exhibited any talent for in- 
vention or mechanics. In 1840 he began his 
life work and during the next four years was 
engaged in inventing and manufacturing a ma- 
' chine for sewing boots, shoes and heavy 
leather. Although his machine proved to be 
practical and useful, he lacked capital to put 
it on the market and finally abandoned it and 
devoted his attention to steam engines. In 
1844 he made his home in Providence, Rhode 
Island, where he lived the remainder of his 
life. Soon afterward he went into partnership 
with John Barstow and E. J. Nightingale, 
under the firm name of Corliss, Nightingale 
& Company. In 1846 he began to develop his 
inventions for the improvement of the steam 
engine, and in February, 1848, completed and 
put in operation an engine that embodied the 
essential features of what became famous soon 
afterward as the Corliss engine, and in the 
same year the erection of the present works 
of the Corliss Steam Engine Company was be- 
gun. Important patents were granted March 
10, 1849, ^^d f^'O"^ that time to the present 
the Corliss engine has occupied a foremost 
place among the great mechanical appliances 
of this labor-saving era. The Corliss Steam 
Engine Company was incorporated in 1856 
with Mr. Corliss as president and his brother 

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William as treasurer. As the business in- 
creased the works were enlarged and the latest 
machinery was added to the equipment. Many 
of the devices used in manufacturing the. en- 
gines were invented by Mr. Corliss. The plant 
grew until at the time of the founder's death, 
February 21, 1888, its floor space amounted 
to more than five acres and it gave employment 
to more than a thousand hands. The Corliss 
engines were sent to all parts of the world and 
to the present time its standard has been kept 
so high that the very name has become a 
symbol of the best among the multitude of 
steam engines invented and marketed since 
the name of Corliss first became known. 

At the Paris Exposition in 1867 Mr. Corliss 
received the highest competitive prize against 
a hundred competitors, the best from all the 
engine builders in the world. J. Scott Rus- 
sell, a distinguished English engineer and the 
builder of the steamship "Great Eastern," was 
one of the British commissioners at this ex- 
position and in his report to his government he 
said of the valve gear of the Corliss engine: 
"A mechanism as beautiful as the human hand. 
It releases or retains its grasp on the feeding 
valve, and gives a greater or less dose of steam 
in nice proportion to each varying want. The 
American engine of Corliss everywhere tells 
of wise forethought, judicious proportions and 
execution and exquisite contrivance." The 
Rumford medals were awarded to Mr. Corliss, 
January 11, 1870. Upon the occasion of pre- 
senting these medals. Dr. Asa Gray, president 
of the Academy, said that "the founder of the 
trust required that the invention should be 
real, original and important. * * The acad^ 
emy rejoices when, as now, it can signalize 
an invention which unequivocally tends to pro- 
mote that which the founder had most at heart, 
the material good of mankind." Dr. Gray in 
stating the grounds upon which the award had 
been made, said that Mr. Corliss "had shown 
conspicuously his mastery of the resources of 
mechanism," and that "no invention since 
Watt's time has so enhanced the efficiency of 
the steam engine as this for which the Rum- 
ford medal is now presented." It is interest- 
ing to note that just a century before the Rum- 
ford medal was given to Mr. Corliss, Watt 
patented his improvements on the steam engine. 

The award of the Grand Diploma of Honor 
from the Vienna Exhibition in 1873 was an- 
other triumph for the Corliss engine, espe- 
cially as he had neither representative nor 
machinery to represent him. Foreign builders 
had followed his designs and placed his name 
on their engines. Hence the jurors awarded to 
Mr. Corliss "the Diploma of Honor" as a "par- 
ticular distinction for eminent merits in the 

domain of science, its application to the edu- 
cation of the people, and its conducement to 
the advancement of intellectual, moral and ma- 
terial welfare of man." Mr. Corliss was the 
only person to receive a diploma without being 
an exhibitor. 

The Institute of France bestowed on Mr. 
Corliss by public proclamation, March 10, 
1879, the Monty on prize for the year 1878, the 
highest known prize for mechanical achieve- 
ment in the old world. The date of this honor 
by a curious coincidence was the thirtieth anni- 
versary of the first patent of Mr. Corliss. 

In February, 1872, Mr. Corliss was appoint- 
ed a commissioner from the state of Rhode 
Islartd to have charge of the Centennial Ex- 
hibition in Philadelphia and was chosen one 
of the executive committee of seven intrusted 
with the preliminary work. The organization 
of the Centennial Board of Finance, at the sug^ 
gestion of Mr. Corliss, proved to be a most 
important measure for insuring the financial 
success of the undertaking. 

The great Corliss engine was one of the 
chief wonders of the exhibition. After fur- 
nishing plans to provide a steam engine of 
1,400 horse power for the needs of Machinery 
Hall,' he withdrew his proposition and bids 
were requested from manufacturers of steam 
engines. But the combined power of all the 
engines offered was not enough and the com- 
mission turned to Mr. Corliss, requesting him 
to renew his original oflFer. At a cost to Mr. 
Corliss of over $100,000 the engine was built 
and put into successful operation without cost 
to the exhibition. He gave his personal atten- 
tion to every detail of planning and building 
the great motor. Professor Radinger, of the 
Polytechnic School of Vienna, in a work on 
the machinery department of the Centennial 
Exhibition, said of this engine: "Systematical 
in greatness, beautiful in form and without 
fault — in every detail a masterpiece." The 
Centennial engine was afterward used in oper- 
ating the Pullman car works near Chicago. 
In later years Mr. Corliss adapted his engine 
most successfully to the work of pumping 
water for supplying towns and cities, and his 
mechanism made feasible hitherto impracticable 
problems in supplying municipalities with pure 
water. In a competitive test of pumping en- 
gines at Providence, the Corliss engine was 
successful and a gratuity of $21,000 was recom- 
mended on account of the great capacity and 
special adaptability of the machine to the needs 
of the city. During the civil war the Corliss 
works furnished machinery for the govern- 
ment. In 1863 the government ordered the 
work on hand delivered in an unfinished con- 
dition at the Charlestown navy yard and the 

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company bringing suit for contract was award- 
ed $257,688. Mr. Corliss made various im- 
provements on boiler condensing apparatus for 
marine and pumping engines, and a machine 
for cutting cogs on beveled wheels. 

In politics he was a Republican, and in 
1868-69-70 he was a representative from North 
Providence in the general assembly of Rhode 
Island. In 1876 he was elected a presidential 
elector from his state and voted for President 
Hayes. He was a member of the Charles 
Street Congregational Church from the time 
of its formation and a liberal pver to its work 
and to other churches. 

He died February 21, 1888, and in an edi- 
torial the following day, the Providence Jour- 
nal said : 

The community loses one of its master minds and 
a man who has done more for the development of 
the steam engine than anyone who has yet lived in 
this country. His fame was world-wide and his 
years were devoted to the very end to the one pur- 
pose of his life. To say that he has left a void 
which it is impossible to fill is simply to reveal the 
poverty of language in the presence of an irrepa- 
rable loss. 

He married (first) in January, 18^, Phebe 
F. Frost, born in Canterbury, Connecticut, died 
in Providence, Rhode Island, March 5, 1859. 
He married (second) December, 1866, Emily 
A. Shaw, born at Newburjrport, Massachu- 
setts. Children, both bom to the first mar- 
riage, were: Maria Louisa, born December 
13, 1839 ; George Frost, born in October, 1841, 
residing in Nice, France, unmarried. 

Henry Cobb, the immigrant ances- 
COBB tor, was bom in 1596 in the south- 
east part of the county of Kent, 
England. He was brought up in the Church 
of England, and when a young man joined the 
Pilgrims. He is said to have united with a 
Congregational church in London, of which 
the Rev. Mr. Lathrop was then pastor. He 
probably came to America in the ship "Anne" 
in 1629. He settled in Scituate, Massachu- 
setts, in 1633, and removed to Barnstable, 
Massachusetts, in 1639. He was deacon or 
mling elder in the two towns for thirty-four 
years. He also held several civil offices, among 
them that of deputy to the general court for 
several years. He died in Barnstable in 1679, 
aged eighty-three years. He married (first) 
in April, 1631, Patience, daughter of James 
and Catherine Hurst, of Plymouth, Massachu- 
setts. She died May 4, 1648. He married 
(second) December 12, 1649, Sarah, daughter 
of Samuel and Sarah Hinckley, and sister of 
Governor Thomas Hinckley. Of his sixteen 
children three were bom in Plymouth, two in 

Scituate and eleven in Bamstable. Children 
of first wife: John, mentioned below; Edward, 
born 1633; James, January 13, 1634; Mary, 
March 24, 1637; Hannah, October 5, 1639; 
Patience. March 19, 1641 ; Gershom, January 
10, 1645; Eleazer, March 30, 1648. Children 
of second wife: Mehitable, bom September i, 
1652, died March 8, 1653; Samuel, October 
18, 1654; Sarah, January 15, 1658, died Janu- 
ary 25, 1658; Jonathan, April 10, 1660; Sarah, 
March 10, 1663; Mehitable, February 15, 1667, 
died young; Henry, born September 5, 1668; 
Experience, September 11, 1671, died young. 

(II) John, son of Henry Cobb, was bom in 
Plymouth, Massachusetts, June 7, 1632. He 
married (first) April 28, 1658, Martha, daugh- 
ter of William Nelson, of Hymouth. He mar- 
ried (second) June 13, 1676, Jane Woodward, 
of Taunton, Massachusetts. Children of first 
wife: John, born August 24, 1662; Samuel, 
1663; Elizabeth, 1664; Israel, 1666; Patience, 
August 10, 1668; Ebenezer, mentioned below. 
Children of second wife: Elisha, born April 3, 
1679; James, July 20, 1682. 

(III) Ebenezer, son of John Cobb, was born 
August 9, 1671, died at Rocky Neck, Kingston, 
Massachusetts, July 29, 1752. He married 
(first) March 22, 1693, Mercy Holmes, of 
Middleborough, bom in 1673, died March 2, 
1726. He married (second) Mary Thomas, 
of Middleborough. Children, all by first wife : 
Ebenezer, bom April 2, 1694; Mercy, January 
6, 1696, died March 23, 1697 ; Nathaniel, Feb- 
mary 20, 1698; Hannah, February 27, 1699; 
Sarah, April 15, 1702; Mercy, January i, 
1705; Nathan, mentioned below; John, May 
30, 1709; Mary, October 30, 171 1; Elizabeth, 
March 30, 1714; Job, February 28, 1717; Ro- 
land, October 30, 17 19. 

(IV) Nathan, son of Ebenezer Cobb, was 
born at Middleborough, January 14, 1707. He 
married, March 9, 1733, Joanna Bennett or 
Burnett, of Middleborough. Children, born at 
Middleborough: William, 1735, married Mary 
Pynchon ; Elizabeth, 1736, married John Samp- 
son; Deborah, 1738; Timothy, 1742; Nathan, 
1743, married Jemsha Harlow; Joseph, men- 
tioned below; Benjamin, 1750, married Sally 
Ransom ; Nehemiah, married Mehitable Rick- 

(V) Joseph, son of Nathan Cobb, was bom 
about 1745, in Middleborough, Massachusetts. 
He lived in that town and Plympton. He mar- 
ried (first) Rebecca Crocker; (second) Sus- 
anna Dunham. Children by first wife: Joseph, 
born 177s, lived in Carver; Crocker, men- 
tioned below; Heman. Child by second wife: 

(VI) Crocker, son of Joseph Cobb, was 
born at Plympton or Middleborough. He mar- 

Digitized by 




ried Mary, daughter of Nathaniel and Hannah 
Thompson. His wife was a member of the 
Middleborough church, joining November 29, 
1807. Her father was dismissed in 1819 to 
Rehoboth church, and died January 31, 1833, 
aged eighty-two years. Children : Otis Thomp- 
son, mentioned below ; Adeline, married Heman 

(VH) Otis Thompson, son of Crocker 
Cobb, was a member of the Middleborough 
church, and in 1834 was dismissed to the 
church in Amherst, Massachusetts. He was 
a merchant in New York City for many years. 
He married Maria Cady, born July 16, 1808, 
daughter of Squire Cady (see Cady V). Chil- 
dren: I. Frances Maria, married George Case, 
a lawyer of Hartford, and had one child who 
died young. 2. Susan Adeline, married Ed- 
win Burnham Staples, major in the United 
States army in the civil war, Fourth Massa- 
chusetts Cavalry; child, Joseph Cady Staples, 
married Annie Hubbard and had three chil- 
dren: Edwin Hubbard, Mary Blossom and 
Catherine Cady Staples, now residing in Pen- 
lyn, Pennsylvania. 3. William Eddy, men- 
tioned below. 4. Joseph Sherman, died unmar- 
ried at Providence, Rhode Island. 

(Vni) William Eddy, son of Otis Thomp- 
son Cobb, was born in New York City, died 
July 12, 1904, at Newton, Massachusetts. He 
was for thirty years auditor of the Adams 
Express Company in Boston. He married, 
November 23, 1867, Elizabeth Case, bom Feb- 
ruary 27, 1843, daughter of Sylvanus and Jane 
(Tucker) Case, of Hartford, Connecticut. 
Children : Grace Elizabeth, bom December 27, 
1869; Edna Maria, April 19, 1872; Maria 
Jane, December 5, 188 1. 

(The Cady Line). 

The word Cady is derived from Ca-dia, a 
Gaelic word meaning the House of God. Cadie 
is an old Scotch word for messenger. As a 
surname the word has been variously spelled, 
Cade, Caddie, Caddy, Cadye, Kayde, Cadey 
and Cady, and of course in a variety of other 
less common forms. Families of this name 
bearing coats-of-arms of some antiquity are 
found in counties Essex, Kent, Suffolk and 
Gloucester, Kent. The surname is found in 
the ancient Hundred Rolls and was not un- 
common as early as 1450 in county Sussex. 

(I) Nicholas Cady, the immigrant ancestor, 
was born in England, and settled in Water- 
town, Massachusetts. He and John Knapp, 
who appears to be a relative, bought of Wil- 
liam Potter, of Watertown, December 8, 1645, 
a house and land in Watertown. Cady deeded 
his share to John Knapp in August, 1650. He 
took the oath of fidelity in 1652; was of the 

train band in 1653. He removed to Groton, 
Massachusetts, early in 1668, and sold his land 
in Watertown. He was highway surveyor at 
Groton in 167 1. At the time of the abandon- 
ment of the town in King Philip's war, he 
went to Cambridge, where in 1678 he bought 
a farm of John Wincoll. He was a soldier in 
King Philip's war and was in Mr. William's 
garrison. He returned to Groton after the war 
and served as surveyor in 1680-83-85-86. He 
was constable in 1685 and was corporal of the 
military company. He died prior to 1712. 
Cady's Pond, about a mile from the village of 
Groton, takes the name from him. Mr. Cady 
married (first) Judith, daughter of William 
Knapp, about 1648. William Knapp was a car- 
penter; died at Watertown, August 30, 1658, 
aged about eighty years. Mr. Cady married 
(second) Priscilla, widow of Thomas Akers. 
Children, born at Watertown: John, January 
I5» 1650-51 ; Judith, September 2, 1653 ; James, 
mentioned below; Nicholas, August 2, 1657, 
died young; Daniel, November 27, 1659; ^^^' 
kiel, August 14, 1662; Nicholas, February 20, 
1663-64; Joseph, May 28, 1666. 

(II) James, son of Nicholas Cady, was born 
at Watertown, Massachusetts, August 28. 1655, 
c^ed in Groton, Massachusetts, December 2, 
1690. His brothers, John and Joseph, were 
appointed administrators on his estate, June 
16, 1 69 1. He seems to have lived in both 
Watertown and Groton. He married, June 
14, 1678, Hannah Barron, born March 6, 1658, 
daughter of Ellis and Hannah (Hawkins) Bar- 
ron. Ellis was son of Ellis Barron, who was 
a freeman of Watertown in 1641, and served 
as constable and selectman there. Hannah 
was daughter of Timothy Hawkins, of Water- 
town; he died there in 165 1. On E>ecember 
31, 171 1, Ellis Barron made a will, proved 
September 8, 1712, in which he mentioned 
Hannah Cady or her heirs. Children: James, 
bom at Watertown, April i, 1679; John, men- 
tioned below; Daniel, born about 1682; Abi- 
gail, born about 1684; Elizabeth, born at Gro- 
ton, April 10, 1686; Aaron, born at Groton, 
April 7, 1688. 

(III) Sergeant John Cady, son of James 
Cady, was born about 1680, in Watertown, 
Massachusetts, died September 6, 175 1, at 
Windsor, Connecticut. John Cady lived in 
Groton, Massachusetts, 1699-1701 ; in Plain- 
field, Connecticut, in 1704; Canterbury, Con- 
necticut, 1704 to 1721; in Tolland, Connecti- 
cut, 1721-24; in Willington, Connecticut, 1725- 
26-27; in Windsor, Connecticut, 1728-39; in 
Coventry and Tolland, Connecticut, in 1740. 
He married (first) about 1698, Elizabeth 

. He married (second) Mrs. Elizabeth 

Mather, daughter of John and Sarah (Fitch) 

Digitized by 



1 163 

Stoughton. She was born February 19, 1692, 
died February 29, 1760; she married (first) 
Joseph Mather. Children by first wife; John, 
born August 7, 1699 ; Elizabeth, March 5, 1701 ; 
William, August 22, 1704; Eleazer, mentioned 
below; Ebenezer, April ig, 1714. Children by 
second wife: Deliverance, 1722; child, died 
October 10, 1739. 

(IV) Captain Eleazer Cady, son of Ser- 
geant John Cady, was born at Canterbury, 
Connecticut, March 15, 1708. He was taxed 
at Windsor in 1732. His will was dated at 
Plainfield, December 10, 1766, and was proved 
March, 1767, bequeathing to wife Keziah, eld- 
est son John, youngest son Squire, daughter 
Lucy, wife of Obadiah Johnson. He was cap- 
tain of a troop of horse in 1759. He married, 
October 28, 1739, Keziah, born at Plainfield, 
April 15, 1 72 1, daughter of Josiah and Sarah 
(Warren) Spaulding. Children, born at 
Plainfield: Lucy, April 11, 1742; John, May 
16, 1744; Squire, mentioned below. 

(V) Squire, son of Captain Eleazer Cady, 
was born at Plainfield, Connecticut, October 
28, 1754, died June 3, 1841. He was a private 
and afterward sergeant in the revolution. He 
was granted' a pension, September 29, 1832, 
amounting to $7553 per annum. He was one 
of the surviving pensioners of the revolution 
ia 1840, aged eighty-eight years. He was at 
one time constable of Plainfield, and in 1830 
was town clerk. He married (first) April 18, 
1790, Thankful. Cutler, born August 19, 1756, 
died January 23, 1799. He married (second) 
May 29, 1799, Abiah Spaulding, born at Plain- 
field. Children by first wife: Lucy, bom De- 
cember 31, 1790; John, October 30, 1792; 
George, January 24, 1795 ; Susannah, March 
10, 1798. Children by second wife: Maria, 
bom July 16, 1808, married Otis Thompson 
Cobb (see Cobb VH) ; William, born Febru- 
ary 4, 181 1, died in 1814. 

The sumc^me Horton or Orton 
HORTON was originally taken from a 

place name, and is one of the 
oldest in England. Thomas Orton or Horton 
was an early settler at Charlestown, Massa- 
chusetts, a ship carpenter by trade. He was 
appointed by the Charlestown selectmen to 
ring the bell on the meeting house, April 12, 
1650. His home was on Bow street, and he 
sold land in Charlestown in 1678 to B. Mirick. 
He died there May 19, 1687. He married 
Mary Eddy, who was admitted to the Charles- 
town church April 12, 1650, and died Septem- 
ber 13, 1693. Children, bom in Charlestown: 
Mary, August 22, 1648; Sarah, married Ben- 
jamin Mirick; Thomas, January 9, 1654-55, 
died young; John, March 23, 1656-57; Wil- 

liam, January 13, 1658-59, died young; Wil- 
liam, baptized February 5, 1660; Samuel, No- 
vember ID, 1661 ; Ebenezer, January 14, 1663; 
Thomas, May i, 1665; Ann, July 31, 1668. 
(A genealogy has been written of the descend- 
ants of Barnabas Horton, of New York, pro- 
genitor of most of the New York families. The 
Rehoboth family is erroneously placed in this 

(I) Thomas Horton, of Welsh ancestry, 
according to family tradition, was a relative 
of Thomas Horton, of Charlestown, mentioned 
above. He settled in Milton, Massachusetts, 
formerly Dorchester, as early as 1669. His 
first wife Sarah appears to have been a mem- 
ber of the church at Braintree, where her son 
Thomas was baptized in 1677. Thomas Hor- 
ton married (second) at Milton, December 25, 
1693, Susannah Keney. His sons settled at 
Milton and RehcJboth, and he was doubtless 
the progenitor of all the Rhode Island 
Hortons of colonial days. Children, born at 
Milton, by first wife: Rachel, August 6, 1669; 
John, June 6, 1672, settled in Rehoboth; 
Thomas, October 3, 1677; David, mentioned 
below; Solomon, January 11, 1782, lived at 
Milton and Rehoboth ; Esther, married at Re- 
hoboth, April ID, 1701, Benjamin Viall. Per- 
haps other children. 

(H) David, son of Thomas Horton, was 
born at Milton, October 14, 1679. He settled 
in his native town, where his descendants are 
still living. He married, September 10, 1702, 
Mary Babcock. Children: David, born May 
15, 1703, died February 15, 1779, married Dor- 
cas Littlefield ; Mary, born December 22, 1704; 
Rachel, December '2, 1706; Elizabeth, Febru- 
ary 22, 1709; Enoch, mentioned below; Ben- 
jamin, March 2, 1713; Ebenezer, March 3, 
1715; Joseph, June i, 1717; Thankful, Octo- 
ber 18, 1719; Martha, November 28, 1721 ; 
Ruth, December 20, 1723. 

(III) Lieutenant Enoch Horton, son of 
David Horton, was bom in Milton, March 21, 
171 1, and died there July 25, 1769. He mar- 
ried Hepsibah White, who died July 30, 1790, 
at Milton. His house was on Pleasant street, 
an eighth of a mile southwest of Stephen Hor- 
ton's house, and the cellar is still discernible 
there. Children, born at Milton : Enoch, Sep- 
tember I, 1735, died August 16, 1775; Elijah, 
born January 9, 1748; Hepsibah, December 
29, 1749; Stephen, mentioned below; Samuel, 
April II, 1755; Elisha, February 11, 1757; 
William, January 27, 1759; Isaac, August 29, 
1760; Wadsworth, April i, 1762; Ann, April 

7, 1764. 

(IV) Stephen Horton, son of Lieutenant 
Enoch Horton, was born in Milton, May 24, 
1753. He was a soldier in the revolution, from 

Digitized by 




his native town, a private from Milton in Cap- 
tain Oliver Vose's company, Colonel Robin- 
son's regiment on the Lexington alarm, April 
19, 1775, and afterward in that year; also a 
sergeant in Captain Robert Swan's company, 
Colonel Benjamin Gill's regiment, in 1776-77. 
He went to Rhode Island during the alarm in 
1777. Stephen's house was also on Pleasant 
street, near the barn now or lately owned by 
John Craig, and it was notable as the building 
in which the famous vaccination experiments 
were made in October, 1809. Children of 
Stephen and Submit Horton, born at Milton: 
Cynthia, born I>ecember 9, 1774; Betsey, Au- 
gust 17, 1776; Samuel Henshaw, November 
17, 1778; Stephen, mentioned below; Ruth 
Porter, May 4, 1792. 

(V) Stephen (2), son of Stephen (i) Hor- 
ton, was born in Milton, February 12, 1781. 
He married, in 1804, Margaret McCoy, of Bos- 
ton. He also settled in Milton. The McCoy 
family was of Londonderry, New Hampshire, 
of Scotch-Irish ancestry. Children: Stephen 
Henry, Lloyd Gregg. Maria Jane, William 
Henshaw (mentioned below), Mary Elizabeth, 
Charles-, Sarah, Barbara Ann. 

(VI) William Henshaw, son of Stephen 
Horton, was born in 1818, and died at the 
Hotel Vendome, Boston, February 20, 1897. 
He was a prominent merchant. He married 
(first) Mary Templeton. He married (sec- 
ond) December 16, 1858, Augusta Ann Kim- 
ball, born September 27, 1835, died in Brook- 
line, October 30, 1909, daughter of David and 
Augusta (Blanchard) Kimball. Children by 
first wife: William and James. Children by 
second wife: David Kimball, mentioned be- 
low; Mary, died young; Henry, died aged fif- 
teen years ; Walter Gregg, born April 6, 1866, 
married, December 6, 1900, Elizabeth Sumner 
Wood, and has children: Elizabeth Sumner 
and Margaret Horton. 

(VII) David Kimball, son of William Hen- 
shaw Horton, was born September 18, 1859, 
died at National City, California, March 6, 
1898. He married, October 14, 1885, Ger- 
trude Forrester Byam, who was born in 
Charlestown, Massachusetts, September 18, 
1865, daughter of Ezekiel George and Lydia 
Jane (Woodbridge) Byam (see Byam and 
Woodbridge). Children: Marjorie, born May 
13, 1887; Barbara, April 7, 1890. Mrs. Hor- 
ton resides at No. 364 Tappan street. Brook- 
line, Massachusetts. 

(The Woodbrldgre Line). 

Rev. John Woodbridge, progenitor of the 
American family, was rector of Parish Stan- 
ton, in Wiltshire, England. He died December 
9, 1637. "He was so able and faithful,*' wrote 

Cotton Mather in the "Magnalia," "as to ob- 
tain a high esteem among those that at all 
knew the invaluable worth of such a minister." 
He married Sarah, daughter of Rev. Robert 
Parker, a learned English divine. Mather 
said of her that she "did so virtuously that her 
own personal character would have made her 
highly esteemed, if a relation to such a father 
had not farther aided unto the lustre of her 
character." She married (second) Thomas 

(H) Rev. John (2) Woodbridge, son of 
Rev. John (i) Woodbridge, was the distin- 
guished American immigrant ancestor of the 
family. He was born in 1613, and died July 
I, 1691. He was sent to Oxford University, 
but he had to leave the college when he and 
his father both refused to take the oath of 
conformity to the Elstablished Church. In 
1634 he came to America on the ship "Mary 
and John" with his uncle, Rev. Thomas 
Parker, and settled at Newbury, Massachu- 
setts, where he was town clerk, 1634-38; sur- 
veyor of arms in 1637. In 1643 he taught the 
school in Boston. He was one of the founders 
of Andover, Massachusetts, and was ordained 
its minister, October 24, 1645. In 1647 he 
returned to England with his wife and family, 
and was chaplain of the pariiamentary com- 
missioners who treated with the king at tlje 
Isle of Wight ; was minister afterward at An- 
dover, Hants, and at Barford St. Martin, in 
Wiltshire, until he was ejected at the time of 
the Restoration. In 1663 he was driven by the 
Bartholomew Act from a school he had estab- 
lished at Newbury, England, and he came 
again to New England, arriving July 26, 1663. 
He was made assistant to his uncle, Rev. 
Thomas Parker, at Newbury, and remained 
there until November, 1670. He was assistant 
in the colony 1683-84. He married, in 1639, 
Mercy, daughter of Governor Thomas Dud- 
ley, of Massachusetts. He died March 17, 

(Ill) Rev. Benjamin Woodbridge, son of 
Rev. John (2) Woodbridge, was born in 1645, 
and died January 15, 1710. He was invited to 
preach at Windsor, Connecticut, and was or- 
dained there March 18, 1670, as pastor of a 
new society. He was minister in 1681-86 at 
Bristol, Rhode Island; in 1688 at Kittery, 
Maine: in 1691 at Portsmouth, New Hamp- 
shire; in 1694 at Newcastle; in 1698 at Med- 
ford, Massachusetts. He married Mary Ward, 
born June 24, 1649, died October 11, 1685, 
daughter of Rev. John Ward, of Haverhill, 
granddaughter of Nathaniel Ward. He mar- 
ried (second) August 31, 1686, Deborah (Tar- 
leton) Gushing, bom November 18, 165 1, 
daughter of Daniel. 

Digitized by 




(IV) Benjamin (2), son of Rev. Benjamin 
(i) Woodbridge, was born October 12, 1680, 
and died in 1738. He married, September 9, 
171 5, Mary, daughter of Peter Osgood, great- 
granddaughter of John Osgood, of Andover. 

(V) Rev. Benjamin (3) Woodbridge, son 
of Benjamin (2) Woodbridge, was born April 
18, 1 7 18. He resided at Andover and Milford, 
New Hampshire. He married Abia Twombly, 
who was baptized June 23, i'728, daughter of 
Benjamin, of Somersworth. 

(VI) Dudley, son of Rev. Benjamin (3) 
Woodbridge, was born in 1760, and died in 
1846. He was a soldier in the revolution in 
the Massachusetts Line. He married, January 
16, 1785, Sarah Brock, who died at Andover. 

(VII) Samuel, son of Dudley Woodbridge, 
was born June 13, 1788, and died January 28, 
1867. He married (first) December 23, 1812, 
Nancy Russell, who died December 29, 1818, 
aged twenty-eight years. He married (sec- 
ond) August 20, 1821, Dorcas Russell, who 
died November 29, 1879, aged eighty-three. 
Children: Nancy Brock, born April 26, 1814, 
died March 3, 1880, married Sylvester Merrill; 
Phebe R., September 26, 18 16, died September 
9, 1848, married Warren Perkins, of Reading; 
Samuel F., August 13, 1818, married, April 
5, 1843, Hannah M. Locke, who died January 
25, 1873. Children by second wife: Caroline, 
August I, 1822, married John B. Abbott; Abi- 
gail L., November 26, 1824; Lydia Jane, born 
June 15, 1827, married, August 15, 1850, Eze- 
kiel George Byam. of Charlestown (see 
Byam) ; John R., April 15, 1829, died August 
4, 1879; Stephen, November 29, 1831 ; Henry 
W., September 30, 1833, died at Venezuela; 
Alberta, May 9, 1835, died May 9, 1859; 
George B., January 19, 1840, died August 9, 

(The Byam Line). 

The Byam family is of ancient Welsh origin. 
Like most Welsh names that have been angli- 
cized, Byam is very unlike the original Welsh 
form. Evan is a personal name, and Ap Evan 
^ surname formed with the prefix Ap, mean- 
ing son of, equivalent to Evanson in Eng- 
lish. The surname was Ap-yevan, Abyevan, 
Abyan and Abyam, and, finally, dropping the 
prefix we have the name Byam. In fact, we 
find in a single document, the will of William 
Byam, of Bath, in 1570, the three spellings — 
Abyan, Abyam and Byam. The surname 
Abyam is found in the Subsidy Roll for 1545, 
and the spelling Byam came into general use 
in the family about that time. The testator in 
this will spelt his name Byam in 1535 as wit- 
ness to the will of Isabella Chancellor, of 
Bath. ' The armorial bearings of the family 
are ancient and interesting. The Byams of 

Selworthy, Somersetshire, bear this coat-of- 
arms: Vert two branches of laurel between 
four pheons argent. Crest : A wolf passant or, 
collared and lined ermine. From the size of 
the family and the peculiar derivation of the 
surname, it is fair to presume that all the 
Byams are descended from levan ap Jenkin, 
whose sons were called Ap-Ievan, the descend- 
ants of his sons John and Thomas taking the 
surname Byam. The ancestry of this levan 
is traced to the first century, according to the 
College of Arms, certified in 1841, and is a 
remarkable pedigree, originating with the 
Prince of Wales, i. Llyr Llediath. 2. Bran, 
a hostage at Rome. 3. Caradoc or Caractacus. 
4. Eudaf. 5. Cynan. 6. Cadvan, King of 
North Wales. 7. Stradwell, daughter and 
heir of Cadvan, married Coel Godebog, after- 
ward entitled king of Britain. (Harleian mss. 
1974). 8. Gwal, daughter of Coel, sister of 
Heln, who married Constantine Chlorus, the 
Roman Emperor, married Edeyrn ap Padarn, 
son of Peisrwydd. 9. Cunneda Wledig, King 
of North Wales. 10. Einepn Yrch, of Caere- 
ineon, in Merioneth, married Brauste. 11. 
Llyr, surnamed Molynog, married Gwenllian, 
daughter of Brychan ap Aulach. 12. Caradoc 
Vraich-Vras, Earl of Hereford, Lord of Bad- 
nor, A. D. 520 (founder of a dynasty of 
princes that ruled for some centuries the terri- 
tory between the Wye and Severn and Oover 
Brecknockm till after the Norman Conquest 
and until 1090) ; married TeGau'r Eurvron, 
daughter of Pelinor, King of Gwent. 13. 
Mainarch, Lord of Brecknock, descended 
from Caradoc, Earl of Hereford, and, inherit- 
ing the lands and titles, married Ellen, daugh- 
ter of Eineon, Lord of Cwmwd. 14. Rhys 
Goch, Lord of Ystradwy, married Joan, daugh- 
of Cadwgan ap Athelstan Gledrydd. 15. Cyn- 
willin ap Rhys Goch married Jonnett, daugh- 
ter of Howell, prince of Caerleon. 16. Cyn- 
frin ap Cynwillin married Gladys, daughter of 
Sitsyllt ap Lyflfenwell, Lord of Upper Gquent. 
17. Arthur ap Cynfrin married Ellen, daughter 
of Meuric ap Dradoc. 18. Howell ap Arthur 
married Joan, daughter of Grono, Lord of 
Kybor. 19. Griffith ap Howell married Jon- 
nett, daughter and sole heir of Grono Vychan 
of Penrose. 20. David ap Griffith married 
Maud, daughter of Llewellyn ap Kenfrig. 21. 
Howell Gam ap David, married Joan, daugh- 
ter of Adam ap Rhys ap Eineon. 22. Howell 
Vychan, ap Howell Gam. 23. Meuric ap 
Howell Vychan, married Gwellian, daughter 
of Gwilliam ap Jenkin, of Gwernddu, ances- 
tor of the Herberts, Earls of Pembroke. 24. 
levan ap Meuric, of Penrose, married Joan, 
daughter of Llewellyn ap Vychan ap Llewellyn 
ap Madoc ap Hoel. 25. Jenkin ap levan called 

Digitized by 




but in anticipation of that surname Jenkin 
Byam, of Maerdy, county Monmouth, living 
June 20, 1456, married a daughter of Llew- 
ellyn ap Gwillim ap Rhys ap Adam, of Breck- 
nockshire. 26. levan ap Jenkin (in book intitu- 
lated Descendants of Caradoc Vraich-Cras 
penes Herald's College). Children: Thomas 
ap levan ; John ap levan, of Bath, whose son 
spelled the name Byam as early as 1535. From 
the elder sons descends the present family of 
Byam, in county Pembroke. 

The above pedigree is taken from a Chrono- 
logical Memoir of the Reverends Henry, John 
and Edward Byam, sons of Lawrence Byam, 
rector of Luckham, in Somersetshire, during 
the reigns of Elizabeth and James, 1574-1614, 
by Edward S. Byam, an eminent genealogist 
and Welsh scholar. (Tenby, R. Mason, printer. 
High street, 1862). The motto of the family 
is : Claris dextera factis. The American fam- 
ily of Byam is undoubtedly descended from 
this Welsh family, though the connecting links 
are not known. All the American Byams 
trace their ancestry to George, the immigrant, 
mentioned below. 

(I) George Byam was bom in England or 
Wales, and came to this country before 1640. 
He settled first in Salem, Massachusetts, where 
he was admitted to the church September 27, 
1640. He removed to Wenham, and with wife 
Susanna sold land in 1657, then located in 
Chelmsford, about 1653. He was admitted 
a freeman May 18, 1642. His will was dated 
March 10, 1680, and proved June 15, 1680, 
bequeathing to wife Susanna and son Abram, 
and to kinswoman Deborah Jaques. Children : 
Abigail, born January 7, 1643, probably died 
young ; Abraham, mentioned below ; Mary, an 
adopted daughter, child of Mary Hersey, de- 
ceased, was born September 15, 1680. 

(H) Abraham, son of George Byam, was 
baptized at Salem, April 14, 1644. He mar- 
ried (first) Experience Alford, of Scituate; 
(second) Mary Ony. He died in 1732. Chil- 
dren: Jacob, removed to Vermont; Abraham, 
lived on the homestead; Isaac, mentioned be- 

(HI) Isaac, son of Abraham Byam, was 
born on the homestead at Chelmsford, and set- 
tled later on the farm afterward owned by 
John Byam, a short distance from his father's 
homestead. He had two children: Samuel, 
died young: and John, mentioned below. 

(IV) John, son of Isaac Byam, was born 
in 1730. in Chelmsford, and settled there. He 
was a drummer in the revolution in Captain 
John Minot's company. Colonel Dike's regi- 
ment, from December 13, 1776, to Marph i, 
1777; also in Captain John Moore's company, 
Colonel Jonathan Reed's regiment of guards. 

from April to July, 1778, guarding British 
prisoners at Cambridge. He married Sarah 
Blanchard. Children : John ; Zebediah ; James ; 
Solomon, born 1770, father of Otis, and grand- 
father of Raymond Stratton Byam, of Canton, 
Massachusetts; William, of whom further; 
Simeon, married Thankful Reed, and inherited 
the homestead; Susannah; Mary; Hannah; 
Sally ; Deliverance ; Anna. 

(V) William, son of John Byam, married 
Rebecca Herrick. 

(VI) Ezekiel, son of William Byam, was 
born at Chelmsford. He manufactured the 
first Lucifer matches made in this country, in 

1835, at South Chelmsford. A hundred of 
these matches sold for twenty-five cents. They 
were ignited by drawing them through a piece 
of bent sandpaper. Although clumsy and ex- 
pensive, the lucifer match was the first device 
to do away with the old flint and tinder. The 
friction match was invented by A. D. Phillips, 
of Springfield, Massachusetts, October 24, 

1836, and Mr. Byam purchased first the right 
to manufacture and soon afterward the whole 
patent. In 1837 ^^ began to manufacture the 
matches and laid the foundation of the vast 
industry' with which his name has been asso- 
ciated for the past seventy years. Very soon 
the Byam matches were known all over the 
country. The following verse was printed on 
the wrapper : 

"For quickness and sureness the ptiblic will find, 
These matches will leave all others behind; 

Without further remarks we invite you to try them, 
Remember all goods that are signed by E. BYAM." 

The old match shop, as it was called, stood 
on the old road leading from South Chelms- 
ford to the center of the town, nearly opposite 
the residence of Eli P. Parker. It was a small 
building set into the bank, with one story above 
the basement. The matches were put up at 
the William Byam house, which stood upon 
the site of the residence of the late E. P. 
Byam. After about a year Mr. Byam removed 
his business to Boston, but in 1845 he resumed 
manufacturing in Chelmsford and continued 
there for three years. Then the business was 
1 emoved permanently to Boston. He married, 
February 15, 1818. Charlotte, daughter of John 
and Hannah (Butterick) Bateman. Children: 
William Augustus, Martha, Ezekiel George, 
Charles Favour and Charlotte. 

(VII) Ezekiel George, son of Ezekiel Byam, 
was born at Chelmsford, August 29, 1828. He 
succeeded his father in the manufacture of 
matches, and took an active part in upbuilding 
the industry, which for more than thirty years 
has been known under the name of the Dia- 
mond Match Company. He resided for many 

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1 167 

years in Charlestown, and was a member of 
the Bunker Hill Monument Association. He 
died February 17, 1896, in Boston. He mar- 
ried, August 15, 1850, Lydia Jane Woodbridge, 
bom June 15, 1827, daughter of Samuel and 
Dorcas (Russell) Woodbridge; she died July 
9, 1898, in Boston (see Woodbridge). Chil- 
dren : I. Lottie Jane Byam, born September 19, 
1855 y married Charles Leavitt Beals Whitney, 
son of John Milton and Mary Leavitt (Beals) 
Whitney; he died September 14, 1892; they 
had children, bom in Brookline : Charles Beals 
Whitney, born July 9, 1883, graduate of Har- 
vard College in 1907; Mary Leavitt Whitney, 
born June 13, 1885, married, October 5, 1912, 
Edward Lawrence, son of Edward Lawrence, 
of Brookline, Massachusetts ; and Byam Whit- 
ney, born March 15, 1887. 2. Gertrude For- 
rester Byam, born at Charlestown, September 
18, 1865; married, October 14, 1885, David 
Kimball Horton (see Horton). 

(The Kimban Line). 

(VH) David Kimball, son of David Kim- 
ball (Nathaniel (5), John (4), Caleb (3), 
Caleb (2), Richard (i)), was born at Rock- 
port, Massachusetts, May 9, 1802, and died at 
Boston, Massachusetts,. March 16, 1873. He 
married, December 25, 1832, Augusta Blanch- 
ard, of Medford, born in 181 1, died January 
9, 1854. He married (second) May 20, 1857, 
Caroline Langdon Frost, of Medford. They 
resided at Rockport, Boston, Medford. Chil- 
dren: David Pulsifer, born September 20, 
1833; Augusta Ann, September 27, 1835, mar- 
ried, December 16, 1858, William Henshaw 
Horton (see Horton) ; Lucy Allen, August 28, 
1845, <^icd in 1877; Lemuel Cushing, February 
16, 1853. 

Roger Ailing, as his napie was 
ALLEN generally spelled, or Allen, as his 

descendants in most cases spell 
it, was the immigrant ancestor. He came 
from Bedfordshire, England, and settled in 
1639 in New Haven, Connecticut, among the 
pioneers of that town. He was granted a 
home lot at what is now the comer of Church 
and George streets in 1641, and in the same 
year was admitted a member of the First 
Church. He was prominent in town aflfairs, 
holding various town offices; was a custom 
house officer; sergeant of the first military 
company and the first and only treasurer of 
the colony of New Haven until he became 
ineligible because of his election as deacon of 
the church. He continued in the office of dea- 
con as long as he lived. He died at New 
Haven, September 27, 1674. He married, in 

1642, Mary, eldest daughter of Thomas Nash, 
a gunsmith, who came from Bendley, Eng- 
land, in the company of Rev. Mr. Davenport. 
Thomas Nash was son of Bindley Nash. He 
married Margery, daughter of Nicholas and 
Mary (Hodgetts) Baker, granddaughter of 
John and Margery (Madestard) Baker. 
Nicholas Baker died in 1632. Children of 
Roger Allen: Mary; Samuel, mentioned be- 
low ; John, bom October 2, 1647 J Sarah, Eliza, 
Susan, James. 

(H) Sergeant Samuel Allen, son of Roger 
Ailing, or Allen, was born at New Haven, 
Connecticut, November 4, 1645, died August 
28, 1709. He resided at New Haven. He was 
one of the proprietors in 1685. He was a 
blacksmith by trade. He married (first) Oc- 
tober 24, 1667, Elizabeth Winston, born De- 
cember II, 1649, died December 8, 1682, 
daughter of John Winston. He married (sec- 
ond) October 26, 1683, Sarah, daughter of 
Deacon John Chidsey. Children by first wife, 
bom at New Haven: Samuel, October 16, 
1668, settled in Newark, New Jersey; John, 
March 27, 1671, settled in Elizabeth, New Jer- 
sey ; James, mentioned below ; Roger, Decem*- 
ber 9, 1675, lived in New Haven; Theophilus, 
Febmary 17, 1680, lived at East Haven; 
Daniel, 1682, settled at Orange, Connecticut. 
Children by second wife: Sarah, born Janu- 
ary 17, 1685; Elizabeth, November, 1691, lived 
at New Haven; Caleb, born September 7, 
1694, lived at Hamden, Connecticut; Esther, 
January 10, 1699. 

(HI) James, son of Sergeant Samuel Allen, 
was born at New Haven, Connecticut, July 19, 
1673, died at Wallingford, Connecticut, March 
17, 1752. He settled in Wallingford in 1700 
and was on the tax list in 1701. Many of his 
descendants have lived in this town. He mar- 
ried . Children, born at Wallingford: 

Abigail, June 29, 1701 ; James, Noveml^r 15, 
1702; Stephen, mentioned below; Mary, 
March 5, 1708; Samuel, January 15, 1710; 
Ebenezer, April 8, 171 3. 

(IV) Stephen, son of James Allen, was 
born at Wallingford, Connecticut, October 13, 
1704. He married there, June 23, 1726, Eliza- 
beth Blakesley. They resided at North 
Haven. Children: Ephraim, born September 
23, 1730; Ann, May 10, 1732; Amos, men- 
tioned below; Lydia, June 20, 1736; Moses, 
June 16, 1741 ; Jotham, July 6, 1744; Heze- 
kiah, October 10, 1746. 

(V) Anws, son of Stephen Allen, was bom 
at North Haven, September 16, 1734, died in 
1789. He married (first) Dinah Bishop, born 
about 1735, daughter of James and Elizabeth 
(Perkins) Bishop. James Bishop was born 

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February 17, 1699- 1700, married, February 27, 
1728, Elizabeth Perkins, born November 10, 

John Bishop, father of James Bishop, was 
born in New Haven, May 17, 1662, married 
there, in 1689, Abigail, daughter of Nathaniel 
Willett. Governor James Bishop, father of 
John Bishop, was the immigrant ancestor, 
coming to New Haven in 1647 ^^^ taking the 
freeman's oath in the same year. He was a 
prominent citizen. In 165 1 he was elected 
secretary of the colony, and in 1663 secretary 
of the general court. He was deputy to the 
general court in 1665, assistant in 1668, deputy 
governor from 1683 until he died. His wife 
Mary died November 26, 1664. Amos Allen 
married (second) December 28, 1770, Mabel 
Hilshorn. They resided in Hamden, Connec- 
ticut. His estate was distributed in 1789 to 
his widow Mabel and daughters Lois and 
Mabel. Child of first wife, Bishop, mentioned 
below. Children by second wife: Amos, born 
November 19, 1771 ; Mabel, January 13, 1773; 
Amos, September 17, 1775; Lois, September i, 

(VI) Bishop, son of Amos Allen, was born 
about 1765. He was living in West Spring- 
field in 1790, according to the first federal 
census, and had in his family one male over 
sixteen, one under that age and three females. 
Amos Allen also lived in West Springfield for 
a time. Bishop Allen married Polly Smith. 
Among their children was Lysander Curtis, 
mentioned below. 

(VII) Lysander Curtis, son of Bishop 
Allen, was born about 1780. He married 
Eleanor Hull Ives, of an old Connecticut 
family. Among their children was Hiram 
Bishop, mentioned below. 

(VIII) Hiram Bishop, son of Lysander 
Curtis Allen, was born September 14, 181 5, 
died March 28, 1887. He married, December 
6, 1838, Cynthia Graves Street. Children: 
Howard Bradley, mentioned below; Frank 

(IX) Howard Bradley, son of Hiram 
Bishop Allen, was born at Holyoke, Massa- 
chusetts, October 18, 1849, died March 15, 
1903. He was educated in the public schools 
and followed the banking business all his 
active life. For many years he was with the 
Bank of Redemption and for twenty-seven 
years was receiving teller of the New England 
Trust Company. He was a member of the 
Sons of the American Revolution. He mar- 
ried, October 16, 1872, Juliette Ferry, born 
August 16, 1840, daughter of Ebenezer and 
Lydia (Barker-Baldwin) Ferry. Children: 
I. Horton Sumner, born August 22, 1873; is 
with the New England Telephone Company; 

member of the Masonic order ; married Edith 
Lyman and had four children: Ferry Bald- 
win, bom June 28, 1903; Lucy Lyman and 
Howard Bradley (twins), bom December 3, 
1907; Horton Sumner Jr., October 28, 191 1. 
2. Winthrop Blakesley, born August 16, 1875, 
unmarried, a designer, residing in Newton, 

(The Ferry Line). 

(I) Charles Ferry, the immigrant ancestor, 
was born in England, probably about 1635. He 
came to Springfield, Massachusetts, as early 
as 1661, when he was first mentioned in the 
records. He doubtless had been in the country 
for several years, however, before locating at 
Springfield. He married there, March 24, 
1661, Sarah, daughter of John Harmon. He 
was a substantial citizen. In 1695 he was 
selectman of the town. He died July 3, 1699, 
and his widow Sarah died October 21, 1740. 
Children, born at Springfield : John, November 
6, 1662; Charles, mentioned below; Samuel, 
October 2, 1667; Sarah, December 15, 1668; 
Mary, June 6, 1671 ; Gershom, March 19, 
1674; Solomon, July 19, 1677; Mercy, March 
12, 1680; Elizabeth, February 11, 1682; Solo- 
mon, July 21, 1686. 

(H) Charles (2), son of Charles (i) Ferry, 
was born at Springfield, Massachusetts, April 
4, 1665, died there February 26, 1720. He 
married (first) Rebecca Burt; (second) Abi- 
gail, daughter of Mark Warner, of Hadley, 
May 4, 1693. She married (second) June 3, 
1724, Thomas Hale, and she died October 14, 
1748. Children of Charles and Abigail Ferry: 
Charles, bom April 30, 1694; Mark, March 
II, 1696; Abigail, February 7, 1698; Sarah, 
February 28, 1700; Ebenezer, April 23, 1702, 
died April 25, 1702; Rebecca and Thankful, 
twins, April 3, 1703; Mary, March 13, 1706; 
Nathaniel, October 10, 1708; Ebenezer, men- 
tioned below; Noah, November 4, 1712; 
Martha, January 17, 1715; Jonathan, Fd^ru- 
ary, 1717- 

(HI) Ebenezer, son of Charles (2) Ferry, 
was born at Springfield, Massachusetts, Sep- 
tember 29, 1710. He settled in Easthampton 
in 1730 and bought the farm of Moses Hutch- 
inson, who was killed by the Indians with a 
child, in 1704. Children: Solomon, mentioned 
below; Polly, married Seth Janes; Asa, mar- 
ried Eunice Clark ; Ebenezer, died aged twen- 
ty-five ; Louisa ; Hannah, died young ; Hannah, 
married John Alpress. 

(IV) Lieutenant Solomon Ferry, son of 
Ebenezer Ferry, was born in 1744 and died at 
Easthampton, 1810, aged sixty-six years. He 
was a soldier in the revolution, corporal in 
Captain Jonathan Wales' company. Colonel 

Digitized by 


Digitized by 


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1 169 

Dickinson's Hampshire eounty regiment, 
marching to East Hoosick, August 17, 1777, 
and to Pittsfield to guard Hessian prisoners. 
He was also in Captain Jonathan Wales' com- 
pany. Colonel Ezra May's regiment, Septem- 
ber 22 to October 5, 1777, at Stillwater and 
Saratoga. Later he was commissioned lieu- 
tenant in the militia. He inherited his father's 
farm, the place lately owned by Deacon Alonzo 
Clark. He married (first) Pamel Chapin, 
(second) Sophia L. Hastings. Children by 
first wife: Hiram, publisher of the Oracle and 
Democrat, newspapers of Northampton, died 
in i860; Nelson, resided at Coronna, Michi- 
gan, died in 1846; Ebenezer, mentioned be- 
low ; S. Chapin, lived at Chester, Ohio ; Lewis, 
publisher of newspapers in Ohio and North- 
ampton, died at Easthampton in 1865. Chil- 
dren by second wife: P. Sophia, married Wil- 
liam Strong, of Northampton ; Julia Ann, mar- 
ried Fred A. Spooner, of Westfield. 

(V) Ebenezer (2), son of Lieutenant Solo- 
mon Ferry, was born at Easthampton, about 
1780-90. He was a prominent citizen, a gen- 
eral merchant and postmaster of Easthampton 
more than twenty years, and filled various 
offices of trust and honor in the town, town 
clerk and selectman. He was director of the 
bank. He died at the age of seventy-three 
years. He married Lydia (Barker) Baldwin. 
Children, born at Easthampton: Jed^ediah, 
married Susan Ann Schermerhom; Lydia 
Ann, died young ; Lucretia ; Lydia Ann, never 
married, resides in her native town; Juliette, 
married Howard Bradley Allen (see Allen IX), 
The two youngest alone survive in 1913. 

(V) Ezra Day, son of Abraham Day 
DAY (q. v.), was born April 22, 1743. 
He settled at South Hadley, Massa- 
chusetts. He married, October 3, 1767, Han- 
nah Kendall, who died October 23, 1827. He 
died November 21, 1823, aged eighty years. 
Children, born at South Hadley: Asa, May 
16, 1768; Hannah, May 7, 1769; Sarah, June 
7, 1771 ; Ezra, June 7, 1773; Rhoda, Decem- 
ber 18, 1774; Clarissa, September 14, 1777; 
Justin, March 30, 1779; Alvin, November 18, 
1780; Plin, mentioned below; Roswell, June 
2, 1784; Ashbell, August 6, 1786; Polly, No- 
vember 15, 1789, married Dr. Amos Taylor, 
of Warwick, Massachusetts ; Sophia, April 9, 
1791, married Samuel Alvord. 

(VI) Plin, son of Ezra Day, was bom at 
South Hadley, Massachusetts, May 27, 1782, 
died August 31, 1846. He married. May 15, 
1805, Deborah Butts, of South Hadley. Chil- 
dren, born at West Springfield, Massachusetts : 
Plin B., April 21, 1806; Sherubiah, January 
30, 1808; Samuel, October 12, 1809; Deborah 

Ann, September 9, 1813 ; Alvin, September 3, 
1815; Eliza M^ria, Fd)ruary 18, 1819, now 
living at ninety-three years of age, married 
Abel F. Hildreth, of Derry, New Hampshire; 
Henry, December 25, 1820; Addison, men- 
tioned below; Catherine, June 4, 1825, still 
living, married Richard. W. Swan, of Exeter, 
New Hampshire, principal of a boys' academy 
at Albany and later professor in Purdue Uni- 

(VII) Addison, son of Plin Day, was bom 
at West Springfield, Massachusetts, April 4, 

1823. He was first a clerk in freight office 
and advanced to traffic manager of the Boston 
& Albany railroad. Later he became superin- 
tendent of the Mississippi & Missouri railroad, 
now a part of the Rock Island, west of Daven- 
port, Iowa, then to the Rome, Watertown & 
Ogdensburg railroad, now controlled by the 
New York Central. He then became the first 
superintendent of the Midland railroad. Then 
went to St. Louis as superintendent of the 
Iron Mountain, out of St. Louis, and from 
that to the Utica & Black River railroad. He 
retired some years before his death. He died 
in 1895 3t Rome, New York. He married, 
December, 1847, Margaret Smith, born at 
West Springfield, Massachusetts, March 6, 

1824, died in 1872, daughter of Horace and 
Gralia (Bagg) Smith. She was a pupil of 
Mary Lyon, who founded Mount Holyoke 
Seminary for Women, now Meunt Holyoke 
College. Children : Addison Lyman, mentioned 
below; Robert Addison, born at Utica, died 
there; Harriet Amanda, died aged six years; 
William, died in infancy; Edward Alden, died 
in infancy; Maud C, born at Utica, New 
York, died in 1883 at St. Louis, Missouri. 

(VIII) Addison Lyman, son of Addison 
Day, was born at Springfield, Massachusetts, 
April 29, 1849. He attended the public schools 
there. In 1856 he went with the family to 
Davenport, Iowa, where he also attended the 
public schools, and subsequently he attended 
the schools of Watertown, New York, whither 
his parents removed. He prepared for col- 
lege at the Lowville Academy, Lowville, New 
York, and in 1866 entered Dartmouth, taking 
a scientific course and graduating with the 
degree of Bachelor of Science in the class of 
1870. He practiced the profession of civil 
engrineering at Rome, New York, for a time, 
and in 1872 removed to St. Louis, Missouri, 
and became a clerk in the office of the super- 
intendent of the Iron Mountain Railroad Com- 
pany, continuing for two years. He returned 
to Rome, New York, to become assistant su- 
perintendent of the Utica & Black River rail- 
road, now part of the New York Central sys- 
tem. Two years later he engaged in business 

Digitized by 




as a merchant in Utica, New York, dealing in 
sporting goods, fishing tackle/ guns, ammuni- 
tion and supplies for hunters and fishermen, 
and he continued in this business for a period 
of six years. Returning to the railroad busi- 
ness, he became chief clerk of the freight de- 
partment of the Atchison, Kansas & Pacific 
railroad, continuing about three years in this 
position. In 1882 he became assistant to the 
president of the Hoyt Metal Company of St. 
Louis, and soon afterward New York man- 
ager of the Hoyt Metal Company in New 
York City, a position he held for fifteen years. 
He returned to St. Louis in 1906 to become 
manager of the sheet metal department of the 
Hoyt Metal Company, a position he has since 
filled. The great growth and prosperity of 
this concern have been due in large measure 
to the business sagacity and enterprise of Mr. 

Mr. Day is a prominent Free Mason, a mem- 
ber of Tryon Lodge, No. 159, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, of Arlington, New Jersey; of 
United Chapter, No. 59, Royal Arch Masons, 
of Utica, New York; of Utica Council, Royal 
and Select Masters; of Utica Commandery, 
No. 3, Knights Templar; Jersey City Consis- 
tory, No. 443, of Jersey City; and charter 
member of Salaam Temple, No. 72, Newark, 
New Jersey. He is fond of music and is a 
member of the St. Louis Orchestra Club. He 
is interested keenly in local and family history, 
and is a member of the New England His- 
toric-Genealogical Society, the New England 
Society of St. Louis, and the Sons of the 
American Revolution. He is also a member 
of the Dartmouth College Alumni Association 
and was president in 1913, the Beta Theta Phi 
Club of St. Louis, the City Qub of St. Louis, 
also Missouri Athletic Club. His office is in 
the Merchants Laclede Building in St. Louis. 
In politics he is a Republican, in religion a 

He married, at Des Moines, Iowa, March 
12, 1872, Emma Carrie Dewey, born at Han- 
over, New Hampshire, daughter of Gardner 
W. and Marcia Ann (Clark) Dewey (see 
Dewey VIII). Children: i. Maude, died at 
eight years of age. 2. Robert Addison, died 
young. 3. Margaret Emma, born at Atchi- 
son, Kansas, December 7, 1881 ; married El- 
liott Tucker Merrick, and has two children, 
Margaret and Elliott Tucker Merrick. Mr. 
Merrick is president of the Hoyt Metal Com- 
pany, and they are now living at Montclair, 
New Jersey. 

(The Dewey Line). 

(I) Thomas Dewey, the immigrant ances- 
tor, came from Sandwich, county Kent, Ei^- 
land, and was one of the original grantees of 

Dorchester, Massachusetts, in 1636. He was 
here as early as 1633, however, and was a 
witness in that year to the non-cupative will 
of John Russell, of Dorchester. He was ad- 
mitted a freeman pi the colony. May 14, 1634. 
He sold his lands at Dorchester, August 12, 
1635, and removed with other Dorchester men 
to Windsor, Connecticut, where he was one 
of the earliest settlers. In 1640 he was 
granted land in Dorchester, and his home lot 
there was the first north of the Palisade, and 
extended from the main street eastward to the 
Connecticut river. In 1642-3-4-5 he was jury- 
man. He died intestate and the inventory of 
his estate was filed May 19, 1648, amounting 
to two hundred and thirteen pounds. His 
estate was divided by the court, June 6, 1650. 
He married, March 22, 1639, at Windsor, 
Frances Clark, widow of Joseph Clark. She 
married (third), as his second wife, George 
Phelps, and died September 27, 1690. Chil- 
dren: Thomas, born February 16, 1640; 
Josiah, mentioned below; Anna-, baptized Oc- 
tober 15, 1643; Israel, born September 23, 
1645 ; Jedediah, born December 15, 1647. 

(II) Deacon Josiah Dewey, son of Thomas 
Dewey, was baptized at Windsor, Connecti- 
cut, (October 10, 1641, died at Lebanon, Con- 
necticut, September 7, 1732. About 1660 he 
went to Northampton, Massachusetts, where 
he learned the trade of carpenter. On July 
15, 1666, he was granted a home lot, and made 
freeman the same year. In 1668 he was se- 
lectman, and also some years before that. He 
was a member of the church at Northampton. 
In 1668 he received a grant of land at West- 
field to pay him for building the minister's 
house, and two years later he moved there, 
settling on what is now the east end of Silver 
street. He was one of the seven founders of 
the Westfield church, organized August 27, 
1679, and bringing a letter of introduction 
from the Northampton church. On December 
28, 1692, he was ordained the first deacon, 
and the first baptism recorded in that church 
was that of his son Ebenezer. There has been 
preserved an interesting diary which he kept 
giving his life up to about 1680. There are 
records of several pieces of land in Northamp- 
ton and Westfield either granted or sold to 
him. He was sergeant of the guard at West- 
field during King Philip's war, and on April 
28, 1676, was a signer of the remonstrance 
to the order for the abandonment of Westfield. 
About this time he was juror at the adjourned 
court at Northampton, and in August the 
town voted that he be a committee to confer 
about the town bounds. He was one of three 
appraisers of town land, and also on the com- 
mittee to determine the order of seating the 

Digitized by 




meeting house. In 1679 he was sealer, and 
in 1672-77-79-80-89-90 was selectman of West- 
field. He was juryman, March 29, 1676, at 
the adjourned court in Northampton. He was 
one of the proprietors of Lebanon, Connecti- 
cut, and on April 6, 1696, he sold his land in 
Westfield and settled in Lebanon. Here also 
he was very prominent in town affairs. In 
May, 1698, he was one of three townsmen 
chosen to manage the town affairs until the 
place should be invested with "Town Privi- 
leges." In May, 1705, the court confirmed the 
"Five Mile Purchase" to the proprietors and 
after this the Deweys sold their original land 
and moved to the north end of the town. On 
November 12, 1700, Josiah Dewey was dis- 
missed from the Westfield church to the 
church at Lebanon, where he also was deacon. 
He married, at Northampton, November 
6, 1662, Hepzibah, daughter of Richard and 
Hepzibah (Ford) Lyman; Hepzibah Ford was 
sister of Joanna, who married Elder John 
Strong. Hepzibah Lyman was born at Wind- 
sor, 1644, died June 4, 1732, at Lebanon. She 
joined the Westfield church, January i, 1680, 
and was dismissed with her husband to the 
Lebanon church in November, 1700. Chil- 
es ren, born at Northampton : Hepzibah, Octo- 
ber 9, 1663; Mary, October 16, 1665, died 
January 11, 1666; Josiah, mentioned below; 
John, February 9, 1669; Ebenezer, February 
20, 1673; Nathaniel, February 20, 1673, 
Joseph, August 11, 1674, died June, 1675; 
Elizabeth, July 10, 1677; Joseph, April 9, 1682, 
died July 9, 1682; Experience, April 9, 1682; 
Benjamin, July 8, died July 13, 1685. 

(III) Josiah (2), son of Josiah (i) Dewey, 
was bom at Northampton, December 24, 1666, 
died about 1750 at Lebanon. He was a farmer 
at Westfield, Massachusetts, until he moved to 
Lebanon, about 1696, one of the first settlers 
there. There are several records of land 
bought by him. He married, January 15, 1691, 
Mehitable Miller, of Westfield. She was bom 
at Northampton, July 10, 1666, daughter of 
William and Patience Miller. Children : Wil- 
liam, mentioned below; Josiah, born March i, 
1697, at Westfield ; Joseph, December 24, 1697, 
at Northampton. Born at Lebanon: John, 
December 4, 1700; Mary, October 24, 1704; 
Mehitable, June 29, 1708. 

(IV) William, son of Josiah (2) Dewey, 
was born in January, 1692, at Northampton, 
died at Lebanon, November 10, 1759, of small- 
pox caught at Albany. He married, July 2, 
1713, Mercy Bailey. Children, born at Leba- 
non: Mercy, April i, 1714; William, March 
I, 1716, died September 5, 1717; William, May 
I, 1718, died May 23, 1718; Simeon, men- 
tioned below; Jerusha, December 6, 1720; 

Hannah, May 14, 1723; Zerviah, January 28, 
1726; Elijah, June 26, 1728; Ann, January 
21, 1730. 

(V) Simeon, son of WiUiam Dewey, was 
born at Lebanon, May i, 1718, died there 
March 2, 1751. He was a farmer. He mar- 
ried there March 29, 1739, Anna Phelps, born 
August 6, 1719, died September 25, 1807, at 
Hanover, New Hampshire. She married (sec- 
ond) November 27, 1765, Noah Smith, who 
died February, 1776, after which she went to 
Hanover. Children, born at Lebanon: Theoda, 
born July 28, 1740, died March 8, 1750; Wil- 
liam, May 18, 1742, died April 6, 1744; 
Simeon, mentioned below; William, January 
II, 1746; Amy, January 31, 1748; Benoni, July 
18, 1750. 

(VI) Simeon (2), son of Simeon (i) 
Dewey, was born at Lebanon, Connecticut, 
February 22, 1745, died at Lebanon, New 
Hampshire, September 2, 1830. He was a 
blacksmith and gunsmith at Springfield, Mas- 
sachusetts, where now the United States 
armory, water shops are situated. About 1780 
he moved to Hanover, New Hampshire. He 
married (first) January 22, 1767, Hannah, 
born 1746, died September 7, 1772, aged twen- 
ty-six, at Springfield, daughter of Samuel 
Bliss, of Springfield. He married (second) 
1773, Mrs. Elizabeth Turner, daughter of 
Isaac and Elizabeth (Hatch) Bridgman, born 
October 14, 1744, at Tolland, Connecticut, died 
February 22, 181 1, at Hanover, New Hamp- 
shire. Child by first wife: Seneca, born 1767. 
Children by second wife: Jesse, March 30, 
1774; Luke, January 24, 1776; Betsey, 1778; 
Cynthia, 1780; Sophronia, 1782; Simeon, Oc- 
tober 7, 1784; Paulina, 1786; William Phelps, 
1787; Joseph Langdon, mentioned below. 

(VII) Joseph Langdon, son of Simeon (2) 
Dewey, was born at Hanover, New Hamp- 
shire, August 12, 1789, died there June 30, 
1873. When he was seventeen years old he 
carried the mail on horseback from Hanover 
to Portsmouth, making the trip and return in 
about a week, and afterward for many years 
he owned and managed the old stage route be- 
tween Concord and Hanover. He became 
later a farmer and speculator. His home 
paper said, at the time of his death : 

In the last years of his life his memory was 
remarkably active and he would rehearse the expe- 
riences of his boyhood, giving the minutest details 
of his journeyings with the mail to and fro from 
Portsmouth. He was endowed with remarkable 
persistence, and whatever reverses came he always 
kept up good courage and took a cheerful aspect of 
life and death. How lonely these old hills and vales 
must be without this sturdy son to tread them. 
Thousands have sprung from them only to leave as 
soon as maturity should come, but this noble 

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1 172 


product of the soil has been faithful to his birth- 
place, and now lays down to rest amidst the scenes 
where his energies and life have been spent. 

He married (first) 1815, at Hanover, Mrs. 

Betsey (Walker) , born October 28, 

1787, at Chesterfield, New Hampshire, died 
September 26, 1828, at Hanover. He married 
(second) Mrs. Betsey (Pierce) Greenough, 
daughter of Daniel Pierce, born July 4, 1798, 
at South Royalton, Vermont, died April 7, 
1881, at Hanover. Children, born at Hanover: 
Gardner Walker, mentioned below; Cornelia 
Elizabeth, May i, 1821, died August 16, 1823; 
Joseph B., May 25, 1824, died September 2, 
1825; Catherine Elizabeth, April 5, 1826; 
Sarah Ann, March 27, 1831 ; Joseph Willard, 
January 14, 1833. 

(VIII) Gardner Walker, son of Joseph 
Langdon Dewey, was born at Hanover, New 
Hampshire, January 22, 1816, died there May 
23, 1872. He married, 1840, Marcia Ann 
Clark, of Enfield, New Hampshire, and in 
1898 was living in California, and her death 
occurred there. Children, born at Hanover: 
Walter Watson, born July 24, 1841, now resid- 
ing in New Jersey, married Julia Morehead, 
now deceased, of Bowling Green, Kentucky; 
Emma Carrie, born January 23, 1848, died 
February 6, 1888, at Brooklyn, New York, 
married, March 12, 1872, at Des Moines, Iowa, 
Addison Lyman Day (see Day VIII). 

The name of Higgins, known 
HIGGINS in New England from the 

earliest colonial days, was well 
established in the first generation on Ameri- 
can soil. It was a sturdy stock, and intermar- 
ried with families of similar qualities and 
worth. The early generations were inured to 
hardships in their struggles with nature : were 
perseveringly industrious; well trained to the 
use of tools. They developed splendid phy- 
siques, were of a deeply religious nature, and 
their excellent traits have been transmitted to 
the present day. 

(I) Richard Higgins, the immigrant ances- 
tor, was in Plymouth, Massachusetts, in 1633, 
when his name appears among the taxpayers. 
He was a tailor by trade; was admitted a 
freeman in 1634, and was one of the first 
seven settlers in Eastham, Massachusetts, in 
1644. He served that town as selectman for 
seven years, and was deputy to the general 
court in 1649-61-67. He married (first) at 
Plymouth, November 23, 1634, Lydia, daugh- 
ter of Edmund Chandler, of Scituate. He 
married (second) October 15, 165 1, Mary 
Yates, widow of John Yates, of Duxbury. 
Children : Jonathan, born in July, 1637 ; Ben- 

jamin, mentioned below ; Mary, September 27, 
1652 ; Eliakim, October 20, 1654: William, De- 
cember 15, 1655; Jedediah, March 5, 1657; 
Zerviah, in June, 1658; Thomas, in January, 
1661 ; Lydia, in July, 1664. 

(II) Benjamin, son of Richard Higgins, was 
born at Plymouth, July 6, 1640, died March 
14, 1691. He settled in Eastham Massachu- 
setts, and in 1675 applied to court for land in 
the right of his father. His estate was divided 
by agreement, June 25, 1691, by widow Lydia, 
children, Ichabod, Richard, Joshua, Samuel, 
Lydia and Isaac. He married, December 24, 
1661, Lydia, daughter of Edward Bangs, who 
came from England in the ship "Ann" in 1623. 
Children, bom at Eastham: Ichabod, bom 
November 14, 1662; Richard, mentioned be- 
low ; John, November 20, 1666 ; Joshua, Octo- 
ber I, 1668; Lydia, May, 1670; Isaac, August 
31, 1672; Benjamin, June 14, 1674, died 
young ; Samuel, March 7, 1676-77 ; Benjamin, 
September 15, 1681. 

(III) Richard (2), son of Benjamin Hig- 
gins, was born at Eastham, October 15, 1664, 
died April 27, 1732. He married, in 1694, 
Sarah Freeman. His widow married Lieuten- 
ant Cole. Children, born at Eastham : Joshua, 
December 3, 1695; Eleazer, mentioned below; 
Theophilus, May 6, 1698; Jedediah, February 
8, 1699-1700; Zaccheus, January 11, 1701-02; 
Esther, February 23, 1703-04; David, April 
5, 1706; Reuben, January 6, 1708-09; Moses, 
March 24, 1710-11; Abigail, August 8, 1715. 

(IV) Eleazer, son of Richard (2) Higgins, 
was born at Eastham, February 9, 1696-97. 
He and his wife Sarah joined the church at 
Truro, February 13, 1725-26. Children, bap- 
tized at Truro: Eleazer, baptized June 12, 
1726 ; Joseph, March 24, 1727-28; Enoch, men- 
tioned below; Jedediah, September 16, 1733; 
Richard, November 9, 1735; Eleazer, June 24^ 
1739; Sarah, November 2, 1740; Hannah, 

(V) Enoch, son of Eleazer Higgins, was 
born at Eastham or Truro, baptized at Truro, 
July 5, 1730. He lived at Wellfleet, Bamstable 
county, Massachusetts, died May 10, 1807, 
aged seventy-seven, buried in the old ceme- 
tery at South Wellfleet. He married, Febru- 
ary 21, 1754, Mary Atkins. His wife died 
April 26, 1807, aged seventy-three, and was 
buried by his side. They were members of 
the First Church of Orleans. Children: 
Uriah, Eleazer, born 1759; Ephraim, men- 
tioned below ; Reuben ; Enoch ; Elizabeth, mar- 
ried Rev. Edward Whittle; Sarah, married 
Nathan Harding; Mary, married Jeremiah 

(VI) Ephraim, son of Enoch Higgins, was 

Digitized by 




born July 5, 1769, died March 28, 1846. He 
married, November 21, 1793, Nancy, daughter 
of Josiah and Jerusha (Cole) Rich. Among 
their children was John Knowles, mentioned 

(VII) John Knowles, son of Ephraim Hig- 
gins, was born February 28, 1795, at Wellfleet, 
Massachusetts. He married (first) Thankful 
Snow Newcomb, who died January 17, 1829. 
He married (second) January 2, 1830, Ruth 
Wiley, who died December 16, i860. Chil- 
dren: Reuben, not married; John, married 
Eliza Higgins ; Alfred, married Mary Martin ; 
Minerva, married Josiah Pervear ; Rufus, mar- 
ried Sarah Wiley; Henry Mayo, mentioned 
below ; Charles, unmarried. All are deceased. 

(VIII) Henry Mayo, son of John Knowles 
Higgins, was bom August 25, 1832, in Well- 
fleet, died at Hyde Park, December 9, 1902. 
He was educated in the public schools of his 
native town. At the age of nineteen years 
he came to Boston and after working there 
for a time removed to Providence, Rhode 
Island. In 1853 he entered the employ of 
Edward Clark, a leather manufacturer, in Bos- 
ton. In i860 he engaged in business on his 
own account at 21 Ferry street, Boston, where 
he continued until 1885. From that time until 
the time of his death he was a dealer in boots 
and shoes at Hyde Park, Massachusetts. He 
married, November 20, 1858, Peryntha Davis, 
daughter of Philander Shaw and Tabitha 
(Harding) Witherell (see Witherell VI). Chil- 
dren: I. Olsten Mayo, born June 25, 1866; 
an architect with an oflice in Boston ; a mem- 
ber of the Masonic order ; married, December 
31, 1890, Josephine Bendroth and has children: 
Blanche, born December 24, 1892; Marion, 
June 23, 1894. 2. Henry Davis, bom Febru- 
ary 24, 1873; foreman in the clock repairing 
department of Smith, Patterson Company, 52 
Summer street, Boston; a member of the 
Masonic order; married, October 17, 1906, 
Sarah Kelly, and has one child, Barbara, bom 
July 12, 1908. 

(The Witherell Line). 

(I) Rev. William Witherell, immigrant an- 
cestor of the Wetherells and Witherells of 
Plymouth and Barnstable counties, was a 
graduate of Corpus Christi College, Cam- 
bridge, England, July 3, 1619, a native of 
Yorkshire, England. He took the degrees of 
Bachelor of Arts and Master of Arts and was 
licensed as of Maidstone, England, aged about 
twenty-five, to marry Mary Fisher, March 26, 
1627. Her mother Joan married (second) 
John Martin, yeoman. He came to this 
country in the ship "Hercules" of Sandwich, 
sailing March 14, 1634-35, with wife Mary, 

three children and one servant. He gave his 
occupation as school master. He settled at 
Charlestown, Massachusetts, and taught the 
grammar school. From 1636 to 1638 he was 
at Cambridge, then he removed to Duxbury 
of which he was a proprietor in August, 1640. 
He was called to the pastorate of the Second 
Church of Scituate in September, 1644, and 
filled that position the remainder of his life. 
He was admitted a freeman of the Plymouth 
colony, June i, 1658. He died in Scituate, 
April 9, 1684, aged eighty-four years. His 
will was dated March 29, and proved June 
4, 1684, bequeathing to grandchildren : Samuel, 
Joshua and Hannah, children of his eldest son 
Samuel; to his widow Isabel; to sons John, 
Theophilus and Daniel; to daughter, Mary 
Oldham. Children, three or more born in 
Maidstone, county Kent : Samuel ; John, men- 
tioned below; Mary, married, November 20, 
1656, Thomas Oldham; Elizabeth, married, 
December 22, 1657, John Bryant; Theophilus; 
Daniel ; Sarah, born at Scituate, February 10, 
1644 ; Hannah, born February 20, 1646. 

(II) John, son of Rev. William Witherell, 
was born about 1650. Children, born at Scit- 
uate: John, July 25, 1675; William, May 25, 
1678, had a son William, who died young, and 
daughters, Sarah, Hannah and Mary ; Thomas, 
March 3, 1681, settled in Plymouth; Joshua, 
July 5, 1683. 

(IV) William (2), grandson of John With- 
erell, married Mary , who died at Well- 
fleet, February 16, 1774, aged forty-six. 
Among their children were : John, of Wellfleet, 
who died August 8, 1838, aged eighty-six, and 
whose wife Azubah died at Wellfleet, January 
15, 1820, aged sixty-five; Whitefield, men- 
tioned below. 

(V) Whitefield, son of William (2) With- 
erell, was born in 1769, died at Wellfleet, De- 
cember 7. 1848. He married Jerusha Emery 
Ryder. Among their children were : Phebe D., 
who died November 11, 1850, aged fifteen 
years, seven months; Philander Shaw, men- 
tioned below. 

(VI) Philander Shaw, son of Whitefield 
Witherell, was born at Wellfleet, Massachu- 
setts. He married Tabitha, daughter of 
Elisha Harding, of Chatham, Massachusetts. 
Their daughter, Peryntha Davis, born at Well- 
fleet, February 26, 1838, married Henry Mayo 
Higgins (see Higgins VIII). 

John Vaughan, the immi- 
VAUGHAN grant ancestor, lived in New- 
port, Rhode Island, where 
his name is recorded on the list of inhabitants 
admitted since May 20. 1638. On March 4, 
1634, he and others in Massachusetts were 

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1 174 


fined for misspending their time, drinking 
strong waters and selling to others contrary 
to law, etc. ; his fine was twenty shillings. In 
1639 he was granted a lot in Newport, pro- 
viding he build on it within a year ; he was to 
have forty-two acres at the Hermitage. He 
was admitted a freeman in 1655, and May 22, 
1662, he had seventy-nine and two-thirds 
acres of land laid out to him. On April 16, 
1673, he deeded eight acres of land to his son 
John, and July 23, 1687, he deed^ed to son 
Daniel of Newport, his farm and house, and 
fifty acres of land. He married Gillian 

. Children: John, born April 19, 1644; 

David, July 19, 1646; George, mentioned be- 
low; Daniel, April 2^, 1653; Mary, July 3, 
1658. He died after 1687. 

(H) George, son of John Vaughan, was 
born October 20, 1650, died May 7, 1704. He 
lived in Newport and in East Greenwich, 
Rhode Island. On October 31, 1677, he was 
one of the forty-eight who received the grant 
of five thousand acres for East Greenwich. 
He served as deputy to the general court in 
1684-98-99-1704, and he was on the grand jury 
in 1688. In 1687 he was a member of the 
cavalry company. His will was dated April 
II, 1699, and proved May 25, 1704; his wife 
Margaret and son George were executors. He 
married, July 26, 1680, Margaret Spink, who 
died after 1704, daughter of Robert and Alice 
Spink. Children, born in East Greenwich: 
George, April 19, 1682; David, April 29, 1683; 
Mary, February 28, 1685; Christopher, April 
29, 1686 ; Abigail, February 24, 1689 ; Robert, 
mentioned below. 

(III) Robert, son of George Vaughan, was 
born March 7, 169 1, in East Greenwich, Rhode 
Island, where he lived. He married, Febru- 
ary 18, 1 7 19, Joanna Sweet, born February 13, 
1695, daughter of Henry and Mary Sweet. 
Children, born in East Greenwich: Caleb, 
June 7, 1720; David, April 14, 1722; Daniel, 
April 14, 1722; Susanna, May 24, 1726; Ben- 
jamin, mentioned below; Robert, November 
II, 1732; Margaret, July 13, 1734. 

(IV) Benjamin, son of Robert Vaughan, 
was born November 4, 1730. He married, De- 
cember 4, 1 75 1, Catherine, daughter of John 
Godfrey. Children: Mary, born May 9, 1753; 
Margaret, December 9, 1754; Asa, mentioned 
below; Sarah, February 17, 1761 ; Elizabeth, 
October 9, 1762: Benjamin, July 12, 1766; 
Rodman, October 14, 1769. 

(V) Asa, son of Benjamin Vaughan, was 
born February 9, 1756, in Rhode Island. 

(VI) Whitman, son or nephew of Asa 
Vaughan, was born in Rhode Island, March 
25, 1783. He had brothers, Asa and Samuel 
Vaughan. He removed to New York state 

and settled first at Kingsbury, afterward at 
Welch Hollow, in the town of Fort Ann, and 
died at Fort Ann, Washington county, in 1855. 
He married Betsey Draper, born January 11, 
1785, died 1871, daughter of Jonathan Draper. 
Children: Warren, born July 12, 1805; Allen, 
August I, 1807; Horace, December 25, 1809; 
Leonard, mentioned below ; Harriet, August 4, 
1814, married Walter Woodruff; Washington, 
October 2, 1816; Minerva, February 8, 1819, 
died August 6, 1822; Whitman, August 2, 
1821, died July 20, 1822; Caroline A., August 
19, 1823; Whitman, December 25, 1S25, died 
January 21, 1895; Albert, March 28, 1828, 
died in 1878 ; Freeman, October 16, 1830, lives 
at Fort Ann. 

(VII) Leonard, son of Whitman Vaughan, 
was born February 14, 1812, died November 
9, 1884. He lived in his native town, Fort 
Ann. He married, November i, 1832, Bolina 
Stearns, born June 28, 1812, died March 21, 
1900, daughter of Amos and Polly Steams. 
Children: Julius Clinton, mentioned below; 
Annette, born January 23, 1840, died August 
5, 1841 ; Rebecca A., January 30, 1847, died 
July 23, 1847; Florence, May 21, 1848, mar- 
ried Joseph P. Kinner ; Sarah Elizabeth, Feb- 
ruary 26, 1851, married Harlan P. Cone, of 
Granville, New York. 

(VIII) Julius Clinton, son of Leonard 
Vaughan, was born in Fort Ann, New York, 
January 5, 1834, died January 29, 1863. He 
married Sarah A. Stevens, born February 12, 
1837, at Fort Ann, daughter of William and 
Clarissa (Roberts) Stevens. Children: George 
C, born September 9, 1855, 'ives in Glens 
Falls, New York, and has one child, Sarah; 
Herman William, mentioned below. 

(IX) Herman William, son of Julius Clin- 
ton Vaughan, was born September 17, 1857, 
at Fort Ann, New York. He received his 
early education in the public schools and acad- 
emy in his native town. In 1872 he came to 
Rutland, Vermont, and for four years was a 
clerk in the hardware store of A. C. Bates & 
Son. During the next four years he was em- 
ployed in the office of Hollingsworth & Whit- 
ney, paper manufacturers, in their Boston 
office. In 1881 he went to the New York City 
offices of the same concern, and in 1892 was 
placed in charge of the New York business. 
For more than twenty years he has been the 
New York manager of the Hollingsworth & 
Whitney Company. He has been an active 
member of the Tompkins Avenue Congrega- 
tional Church of Brooklyn for many years, 
and is now one of the trustees He is a mem- 
ber of the Union League Club and the Cres- 
cent Club of Brooklyn. Member also of the 
Congregational Club and Hardware Club of 

Digitized by 




New York ; member of Empire State Society, 
Sons of the American Revolution. In 1912 
he built a beautiful summer residence at Rut- 
land, Vermont. 

He married, November 12^ 1884, Mary E. 
Fox, of Rutland, daughter of Dr. George Her- 
bert and Pamelia (Harris) Fox (see Fox 
Vni). Children: Martha Fox, born March 
15, 1887; Wilmah, February 3, 1889. 

(The Pox Line). 

(I) Thomas Fox, the immigrant ancestor, 
known to genealogists as Thomas of Cam- 
bridge to distinguish him from Thomas Fox, 
of Concord, was bom in England about 1608, 
and admitted a freeman March, 1637-38, when 
he was living in Cambridge, Massachusetts. 
He probably came over in 1634 or 1635, and 
it is said that he was from London and that 
he was the son of Dr. Thomas Fox, a physi- 
cian of that city. A tradition that has more 
than usual claim for belief states that he emi- 
grated in anger and disgust because of in- 
justice done him in a law suit which he be- 
lieved was decided against him because he was 
a grandson of John Fox, the author. This 
suit concerned a lease for three lives, on sev- 
enteen houses in London. As this occurred 
in the reign of Charles L, when the Puritans 
found little favor from men in authority, it is 
quite probable that Fox had good reason to 
think the decision unjust. John Fox was born 
in Lincolnshire, England, in 15 17; was grad- 
uated at Oxford in 1537 with the degree of 
S. A., and took the degree of M. A. in 1543; 
was made a fellow of Magdalen College, July 
25. 1539; in July, 1543, with five others, left 
the college; was a tutor while writing 
Protestant documents. During the reign of 
Catholic Queen Mary he found it prudent to 
leave the country. In 1559 he returned to 
his home, and about that time published his 
most famous work, the "Book of Martyrs," 
a copy of which by royal command was placed 
in the hall of every Episcopal palace in the 
land, and he was granted a coat-of-arms and 
other honors. 

Thomas Fox was one of the original pro- 
prietors of Cambridge, then New Town, and 
dealt extensively in real estate; was executor 
and administrator of many estates, a select- 
man in 1658, and repeatedly afterwards. He 
was an esteemed and enterprising citizen, and 
was referred to in the church records as a 
beloved brother of the church. The house at 
Cambridge where he lived, later called the 
Holmes house, stood on the north side of the 
college grounds. In the early days of the 
colony the place belonged to Mrs. Ellen Green, 
and became by her second marriage the prop- 


erty of her husband, Mr. Fox. Their grand- 
son, Jabez Fox, the merchant tailor, made ex- 
tensive additions and repairs to the house in 
1707, bequeathing it at his death to his son, 
Thomas Fox, of Woodstock, who sold it to 
his uncle. Rev. John Fox, of Woburn, and it 
eventually came to be owned by Harvard Col- 
lege. General Ward made the house his head- 
quarters while in command of the American 
forces that invested Boston, and was there at 
the time of the battle of Bunker Hill. Dr. 
Holmes, while chaplain of the college, resided 
there, and his son, Oliver Wendell Holmes, 
the poet, was born there. The name of the 
first wife of Thomas Fox, the immigrant, is 
not known ; she probably died in England. He 
married (second) Ellen Green, widow of Per- 
cival Green, who came from England to Bos- 
ton in 1635, and died December 25, 1639. By 
her first marriage she had two children: John 
and Elizabeth Green, t)oth baptized in infancy 
at Cambridge. She died May 27, 1682, aged 
eighty-two, her death being caused by a fall 
which broke her ' thigh. Mr. Fox married 
(third) Elizabeth, widow of Charles Chad- 
wick. She died in 1685, aged seventy-one 
years. He married (fourth) December 16, 
1685, Rebecca Wyeth, who survived him. He 
died April 25, 1693, aged eighty-five years. A 
pathetic letter written by Mrs. Rebecca Fox 
appealing for justice and mercy for her daugh- 
ters who suffered imprisonment on a charge of 
witchcraft is to be found in the state archives. 
The daughter was finally tried and acquitted, 
after enduring incredible suffering at the 
hands of her deluded persecutors. 

(II) Rev. Jabez Fox, only child of Thomas 
and Ellen (Green) Fox, was born in Cam- 
bridge or Concord, in 1646, and was baptized 
at Concord. He was educated at Harvard Col- 
lege, being graduated in 1663. On taking his 
second degree of M. A. three years later, his 
public address consisted of a few lines of 
Latin verse. While residing in Cambridge he 
was invited in 1678 to serve for one year as 
an assistant of Rev. Mr. Carter, the minister 
at Woburn. He accepted, and November 5, 
1679, the parish voted to call him as their min- 
ister, and he was ordained soon afterward. 
The town agreed to build him a suitable house. 
It was located on Pleasant street, near the site 
of the public library, and was occupied by 
him and his son and successor for a period of 
seventy-six years. Mr. Fox appears to have 
had the confidence and affection of his parish- 
ioners through life, though they sometimes 
occasioned him disquietude by allowing his 
salary to fall in arrears. At one time about 
lyo were thus due him, some of which was 
not paid at the time of his death. Doubtless 

Digitized by 


1 176 


this seeming neglect was due to the pressure 
of the times. He died of smallpox, February 
26, 1702, at Boston, and was buried at Wo- 
burn. His gravestone bears this inscription: 
"Memento mori. Fugit hora. Here Lyes ye 
Body of ye Reverend Mr. Jabez Fox, Pastour 
of ye Church of Christ in Woburn 23 years, 
and aged 56 years deceased Feb. ye 28th 
1702-3." He married Judith, daughter of Rev. 
John Rayner, minister of Plymouth, Massa- 
chusetts, and Dover, New Hampshire. She 
married (second) Colonel Jonathan Tyng. of 
Boston, formerly a member of the council of 
Governor Andros. Colonel Tyng, died Janu- 
ary 19, 1723, and she died June 3, 1736, in 
her ninety-ninth year. Her epitaph in Alden's 
collection states: "A woman of most exem- 
plary virtue and piety. Rich in Grace. Ripe 
for Glory." Children of Jabez and Judith 
Fox: Rev. John, born at Woburn, May 10, 
1678; Thomas, November 6, 1680; Thomas, 
November 13, 1681 ; Jabez, mentioned below; 
Judith, June 19, 1690, died 1703. 

(HI) Jabez (2), son of Rev. Jabez (i) 
Fox, was born at Woburn, December 2, 1684. 
He was a manufacturer of woolen goods, and 
also a merchant tailor. It is said that he was 
engaged in all parts of the business from the 
purchase of the wool to fitting the cloth into 
garments for his customers. He lived in 
Boston. He married, March 8, 1705, Han- 
nah, daughter of Rev. George Burroughs. 
Children, born in Boston : Thomas, mentioned 
below; Hannah, June 27, 1708; Judith, August 
19, 171 1, " Rebecca, 1714. 

(IV) Thomas (2), son of Jabez (2) Fox, 
was born in Boston, December 7, 1706. He 
settled in Woodstock, Connecticut, then part 
of Massachusetts, among the early settlers, 
and estabHshed himself as a clothier, manufac- 
turing and dressing cloth. He resided in a 
two-story red house not far from the wolf 
cave which owes its fame to General Putnam. 
This house was burned in 1850. He died in 

1796. He married Mercy — . Children: 

Hannah, born April 27, 1731 ; Thomas, Sep- 
tember 7, 1732; Maria, April 23, 1735; John, 
mentioned below; Mary, March 10, 1740; 
Jabez, May 6, 1745; Fanny, November 17, 
1749; Rebecca, July 9, 1753. He is said to 
have had two more daughters, names un- 
known, however. 

(V) John, son of Thomas (2) Fox, was 
born at Woodstock, March 10, 1737, died 
probably in 1761, in Newburg, New York, 
where he lived. He married Eleanor Lovett, 
born 1740, died November 12, 1822. When 
her husband died she made the journey from 
Newburg to Woodstock, one hundred miles 
through wild country, leading her oldest boy 

and carrying William. Her goods were sent 
on a coasting vessel which was wrecked. She 
married (second) September 17, 1764, Na- 
thaniel Child, as his second wife, and about 
1785 she journeyed alone from Connecticut 
to Rutland county, Vermont, to visit her son 
William. She is said to have been tall and 
finely formed, and handsome. Children : John, 
born August 7, 1758; William, mentioned be- 

(VI) William, son of John Fox, was born 
June 28, 1760, probably at Newburg, New 
York. His father died when the son was but 
two years old, and the mother returned with 
her two sons to her home at Woodstock. 
When a little over sixteen years old he en- 
listed in the revolution, in the same company 
with his brother John. William was in the 
service three years and ten months, acting as a 
scout part of the time. Afterward he went to 
Rutland county, Vermont. He married, in 
1780, Philena White, born October, 1762, died 
July 3, 1817, at Wallingford, daughter of one 
of the first settlers who cleared a farm in Tin- 
mouth. A few years later he exchanged his 
farm for one in Wallingford, Vermont, where 
he lived the remainder of his days. He was 
elected town clerk and justice of the peace and 
served thirty years. He died at Wallingford, 
February 17, 1822. Children: John, mentioned 
below; William, born June 10, 1784; Eleanor, 
March 20, 1786; Fanny, January 21, 1788; 
Mary, February 8, 1790; George M., Febru- 
ary 16, 1792; Marvin, December 25, 1794; 
Laura, January 26, 1797, died 1820, unmar- 
ried; Philena, July 7, 1799; Priscilla, May 16, 
1808, died unmarried. 

(VH) Dr. John (2) Fox, son of William 
Fox, was born in Tinmouth, Vermont, August 
4, 1781, died in Wallingford, Jiine 17, 1853. 
He studied medicine under Dr. Z. Hamilton 
for three years, surgery under Dr. Ezekiel 
Porter, of Rutland, and was licensed to prac- 
tice by the first Vermont State Medical So- 
ciety in 1807. He located at Wallingford. He 
received the degree of Doctor of Medicine 
from the Vermont Academy in 1829, at Castle- 
ton. He was a prominent physician and sur- 
geon, and his practice extensive. He was in 
the state legislature in 1822-23-24-38-40-41-42; 
state senator in 1847-48-49. He married, May 
12, 1807, Mary Crary, born July 30, 1788, died 
Augfust 19, 1876, daughter of Elias Crary, of 
Wallingford. Children: Harriet, born Octo- 
ber 13, 1809: William C, July 4, 181 1 ; EHza- 
beth, November 11, 1813; Mary M., May 28, 
1817: John M., April 2, 1825; George H., 
mentioned below. 

(Vni) Eh*. George Herbert Fox, son of 
Dr. John (2) Fox, was born March 22, 1830. 

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1 177 

After attending the public schools he went to 
Troy Conference Academy at Poultney in 
1846 and to the Castleton Academy in 1847. 
In 1848 he began to study medicine under his 
father's instruction. He entered Castleton 
Medical College, from which he was grad- 
uated in 1 85 1 with the degree of Doctor of 
Medicine. After further study in 1852-53 in 
Philadelphia and at the New York Medical 
College, he returned to Wallingford and prac- 
ticed until late in 1863, when he came to Rut- 
land. He was a partner of E. C. Lewis in the 
drug business from 1861 to 1865 and from 1868 
to 1870 . After a long and highly distinguished 
career he died in 191 1. He was a member of 
the Vermont State Medical Society, the Rut- 
land County- Medical and Surgical Society and 
the American Medical Association ; one of the 
founders of the Rutland Medical Club, and for 
two years its president; member of the medi- 
cal board of pension examiners; consulting 
physician of the Rutland Hospital. He mar- 
ried, January 12, 1859, Pamelia Harris, born 
July 12, 1838, daughter of Howard Harris, 
of Wallingford. Children: Mary E., bom 
April 8, i860, at Wallingford, married Her- 
man William Vaughan (see Vaughan IX) ; 
Edwin H., born May 3, 1865, in Rutland; 
Mattie P., August 25, 1870; John C, October 
10, 1875; Hattie R., August 6, 1882. 

There seem to have been two 
STANARD different branches of the 

Stanard family, one in Eng- 
land, confined to the priesthood there and in 
Ireland, and the other of the Irish peerage in 
Ireland. The coat-of-arms of the Irish family 
was: Per pale or and sable, three eagles dis- 
played counterchanged. Crest: On a ducal 
coronet a dolphin naiant ppr. Motto: Aquila 
petit soletn, 

(I) Joseph Stanard, the immigrant ances- 
tor, was an early settler at Hartford, Connec- 
ticut, and perhaps an original settler. Accord- 
ing to the history of Middlesex county, Con- 
necticut, he was one of twenty-eight men from 
Hartford, Windsor and Wethersfield, who 
settled at Haddam. Most of them are thought 
to have been young men. At a town meeting 
in Haddam, February 7, 1667, he was granted 
six acres of common land on the mill river 
southeast of his own swamp. On June 13, 
1 67 1, a decision was made that twenty acres 
of land should be laid out to every iioo valua- 
tion, and in the division the lots were drawn 
as the names were drawn by lot. Joseph Stan- 
ard was eleventh on the list. In October, 1703, 
the name of his son William is on the Say- 
brook records, and as Joseph's name is not 
found on Haddam records after 1671, he 

doubtless moved to Westbrook Parish in Say- 
brook before 1700, being among the first set- 
tlers there. He died in 1721. 

(II) William, son of Joseph Stanard, was 
bom as early as 1675, as shown by the settle- 
ment of his father's estate, and we know from 
the same source that he died in 1727. He re- 
moved from Saybrook to Stratford, Connecti- 
cut. The records of Stratford mention only 
his son William, mentioned below. 

(III) William (2) Stanard or Stannard, son 
of William (i) Stanard, was bom about 1700, 
in Saybrook, and removed to Stratford with 
his father. The records of Stratford give the 
births of his children, calling him "late of Say- 
brook." He married Sarah, daughter of 
Daniel and Ruth Beardsley, of a prominent 
Stratford family, August 11, 1726. Children: 
Sarah, born March 21, 1728; Ruth, Novem- 
ber 4, 1733 ; Diana, January 5, 1735-36; Mercy, 
April 25, 1738; William j and perhaps others. 

Saybrook remained the home of the family 
with few exceptions until after the revolution, 
however. Some lived in Haddam, Westbrook, 
Killingworth and neighboring places in Mid- 
dlesex county. In 1790 the following were 
heads of families in Saybrook: Temperance, 
John, John (2d), Job, Nathan, Ephraim, Josiah, 
Joseph, Abner, Elias, Jasper and Peter. As 
early as 1790, however, a few pioneers had 
left Saybrook to settle in the wilds of New 
Hampshire and Vermont. 

(IV) William (3), son of William (2) 
Stanard, according to the best evidence avail- 
able, was born about 1740. He settled in 
Killingworth, Middlesex county, Connecticut, 
whence he moved early in life to Newport, 
New Hampshire. He was a soldier in the 
revolution from New Hampshire, a corporal 
in Captain Uriah Wilson's company. Colonel 
Benjamin Bellows' regiment, reinforcing the 
American army at Ticonderoga in June 1777. 
William Stanard was a member of the com- 
mittee of safety of Newport. He lived on the 
J. Hall farm, for many years known as the 
Stanard place. He married (first) Mindwell, 
sister of Abraham Buell; (second) April 19, 
1786, Margery, sister of Aaron Buell. She 
was born July 30, 1759. Children by first 
wife: Sally, born October 6, 1771, married 
Moses Goodwin ; William, mentioned below ; 
Mindwell, October 4, 1782, married Jonathan 
Wakefield ; Jeremiah, June 29, 1785. Child by 
second wife: Abigail, July 4, 1791, married 
Adolphus King. 

(V) William (4), son of William (3) Stan- 
ard, was born August 26, 1776. He remained 
for many years on his father's homestead, but 
late in life sold it and went to Iowa, where 
he died. He married Hannah Hagar, of Croy- 

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1 178 


den, and it is related in the history of New- 
port that "the cavalcade of ladies and gentle- 
men on horseback who attended the bridal pair 
to their new home was a most beautiful and 
imposing display." Children, born at New- 
port: Jeremiah, June 2, 1799; Joel, March 9, 
1802; Obed, mentioned below; Vashti, Octo- 
ber 5, 1805, married John P. Capron, of Mor- 
risville, Vermont, and had William, Edwin 
and Amelia; Hannah, married John Hough- 
ton, lived at Phenix, Oregon, and had a son 
Ira; Sarah, married George Bonney, and re- 
moved to Illinois ; Laura, went to Iowa, where 

she married; Electra, married Russ; 

Samuel, settled at Lebanon, Iowa, was justice 
of the peace, deacon, married Priscilla Walls, 
and had Arthur, Fanny, Charles and Cora V. ; 
Orphia, married Josiah Bonney, of Keosauqua, 

(VI) Obed, son of William (4) Stanard, 
was bom at Newport, New Hampshire, Octo- 
ber 2, 1803. He was educated in the public 
schools of his native town and followed farm- 
ing on the homestead there for several years. 
He sold out and went to Iowa in 1835-36, 
traveling by wagon through the wilderness and 
locating in Van Buren county. He followed 
farming throughout his active life. He died 
in October, 1869. He married Elizabeth Ann 
Webster (see Webster VI). Children: i. 
Alphonso, born 1829; settled in Albany, Ore- 
gon, and was at one time mayor of the city; 
children: William O., Charles E., George C., 
Henry, Franklin, Minnie. 2. Edwin O., men- 
tioned below. 3. Melissa M., married J. H. 
Duffield and had children: Mary E., married 
Walter Irish; Ida M.; Charles M.; Elma, 
married Edwin L. Sharon. 

(VII) Edwin Obed, son of Obed Stanard, 
was born in Newport, New Hampshire, Janu- 
ary 5, 1832. When he was three years old he 
went with the family in their long trip by 
wagon to their new home in Iowa. He at- 
tended the country schools and the academy 
at Keosauqua, Iowa, from which he was grad- 
uated in 1852, and then followed the profes- 
sion of teaching for several years, coming 
from Iowa to St. Louis and afterward to 
Madison county, Illinois. He matriculated at 
Jones Commercial College in St. Louis in 1855, 
and in 1856-57 was employed as a bookkeeper 
with a business firm in Alton, Illinois. From 
1857 he was engaged in the grain business at 
St. Louis. He established flouring mills at St. 
Louis and afterward at Alton, Illinois, and 
Dallas, Texas. His milling business grew to 
vast proportions and became one of the lead- 
ing industries of the city of St. Louis. Mr. 
Stanard is counted among the industrial lead- 
ers and among the most substantial and highly 

respected citizens of St. Louis, in fact his 
name is known throughout the middle west. 
From 1865 to 1886 he operated under the name 
of E. O. Stanard & Company; in the latter 
year the style of the firm became the E. O. 
Stanard Milling Company, and in January, 
1906, the final change was made to the Stan- 
ard-Tilton Milling Company, with Mr. Stanard 
at its head. 

Mr. Stanard is a Republican in his political 
views, and has always taken a keen interest in 
public affairs and exerted a wholesome in- 
fluence in politics. While the city itself has 
profited largely by his efforts in business and 
kindred avenues, the leaders of the Republican 
party to which he has given such stalwart sup- 
port, recognized him as a man whose person- 
ality and labors would prove of great benefit 
in party work. Accordingly in 1866, although 
he had never been active in party ranks, the 
Republicans of the state nominated him for 
lieutenant-governor on the McClurg ticket. 
This entirely unsolicited honor came to him 
most unexpectedly, and the leaders of the 
party were obliged to impress upon his mind 
the fact that he owed this duty to the state, of 
serving its interests in office and utilizing his 
ability for the benefit of the commonwealth, 
before he gave his consent. It was subse- 
quently proven that their choice was a wise 
one for the fact that a man of Mr. Stanard's 
well known commercial standing and integrity 
was endorsing certain measures was ample 
proof to many of his fellow citizens that they 
were worthy of support. After his election he 
performed the duties of his position with such 
loyalty, and wielded an influence in molding the 
policy of the state with such wisdom, that he 
established a precedent most difficult to main- 
tain. His committee work was remarkable 
for the fitness of the members chosen and the 
sound judgment displayed in determining the 
various capacities and aptitudes of those with 
whom he placed the work. He was always 
fair and impartial as a presiding officer, and 
the good of the public was ever before him. 
Therefore it was not surprising that on the 
expiration of his term as lieutenant-governor 
the public should demand that he continue to 
serve its interests, and placed him in nomina- 
tion for congress, as representing the radical 
wing of the party. His opponent was Colonel 
Grosvenor, editor of the Democrat, who was 
made the candidate of the liberal party. The 
Democrats put no candidate in the field but 
endorsed Colonel Grosvenor. In spite of this 
strong combination Lieutenant-Governor Stan- 
ard was elected, a mighty tribute to the force 
of his personality, and a glowing testimony to 
the confidence of the people in his ability and 

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(cc/i/^ //I 

^" ^- 

anr7 la 

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1 179 

fidelity to their interests. After taking his seat 
in congress Mr. Stanard's labors were directed 
earnestly and effectively towards promoting 
legislation which he deemed valuable to the 
country at large and especially to the middle 
west. His work in this respect stands as a 
monument, which if it were obliged to stand 
alone of his lifework would keep his memory 
revered in the minds of the residents of the 
Mississippi Valley. It was owing to his efforts 
that congress consented to try the experiment 
of keeping a deep channel between New Or- 
leans and the Gulf of Mexico by means of 
jetties, thereby permitting the loading of ves- 
sels at New Orleans that might successfully 
pass the delta obstructions in the lower Missis- 
sippi, a matter of great importance to St. 
Louis and other river points, as it meant cheap 
transportation to the seaboard. 

After the expiration of his congressional 
term Mr. Stanard took no further active part 
in politics, devoting himself mainly to his 
business interests, but lending his aid and co- 
operation to many movements of benefit to the 
city. He was a conspicuous figure, on the floor 
of the Merchants' Exchange and for many 
years occupied official positions therein; in 
1865 he served as president. He also served 
as vice-president of the National Board of 
Trade, and during the year 1903 was presi- 
dent of the directorate of the St. Louis Ex- 
position, and a leader in the Autumnal Festivi- 
ties Association, now known as the Business 
Men's League. He was also president of the 
Citizens' Fire Insurance Company for four- 
teen years. He was for a great many years 
a director in the Saint Louis Union Trust Com- 
pany, and also in the Boatmen's Bank. He 
was a member of the famous Indianapolis 
Conference in 1897-98. Among his social or- 
ganizations are the St. Louis Qub, the Noon- 
day Club and the New England Society of St. 
Louis, of which he was president in 1897-98. 
He joined the Methodist Episcopal church 
when a young man and he has been an earnest, 
consistent and powerful supporter of that de- 
nomination all his life. 

Mr. Stanard married, at Iowa City, Iowa, 
June 19, 1856, Esther Ann, bom in Dayton, 
Ohio, daughter of Christian and Esther (Witt- 
mer) Kauffman. She died in 1906. They had 
five children: i. Charles Edwin, died in in- 
fancy. 2. Cora Zerviah, born in St. Louis, 
May 24, 1859, died in January, 1909; married 
Edgar D. Tilton, vice-president of the E. O. 
Stanard Milling Company; children: Owen 
Stanard. Esther Cornelia, married Henry M. 
Wheaton, February 14, 1912 ; Edgar, Webster. 
3. William Kauffman, mentioned below. 4. 
Sue Ella, married Dr. J. E. Shoemaker. 5. 

Edwin O. Jr., born January i, 1869, died in 

(VIII) William Kauffman, son of Edwin 
Obed Stanard, was born in St. Louis, Mis- 
souri, October 4, 1861. He attended the pub- 
lic schools of his native city, also Washington 
University of St. Louis, and the Lexington 
Military Institute at Lexington, Virginia, for 
one year. Since 1883 he has been associated 
in business with his father, taking a large 
share of the responsibility and management of 
the great business of the Stanard-Tilton Mill- 
ing Company. In politics he is a Republican. 
In religion he is a member of the Methodist 
church. Member of St. Louis Club, St. Louis 
Country Club, Belle River Country Club, Glen 
Echo Missouri Athletic Club, Apollo Club, and 
director of Boatmen's Bank. 

He married (first) June 24, 1885, Mary, 
bom July 26, 1868, daughter of John Tillay, 
of St. Louis. She died in March, 1893. He 
married (second) November 6, 1895, Anne, 
born February 19, 1876, daughter of Frank 
T. Chew. Children by first wife: i. Edwin, 
born at St. Louis, April 15, 1886. 2. Margaret, 
at St. Louis, March 17, 1887; educated at 
Mary Institute, St. Louis, and at Ogontz, near 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; married Joseph 
R. Brown, of St. Louis, and has two daugh- 
ters: Margaret, born September, 1909, and 
Elizabeth, born September, 1912. Child by 
second wife: Eleanor Frances, born in St. 
Louis, January 5, 1897. 

(The Webster Line). 

(I) John Webster, the immigrant ancestor, 
was born in England and as early as 1634 was 
a proprietor and resident of the town of 
Ipswich, Massachusetts. He seems to be the 
same John Webster, baker by trade, who was 
admitted an inhabitant of Salem in 1637 and 
had a grant of land; who was witness in the 
Essex court in 1639 and applied for land at 
the Creek in 1642. He married Mary Shats- 
well, sister of John Shatswell, who remem- 
bered her in his will. She married (second) 
October 29, 1650, John Emery Sr., of New- 
bury, and removed with him to Haverhill. He 
and his son, John Emery, were appointed 
guardians of Israel Webster, aged eighteen; 
and Nathan Webster, aged sixteen, at their 
request, November 26, 1662. The family re- 
moved to Newbury from Ipswich. Adminis- 
tration was granted to John Webster's widow 
Mary. November 4, 1646, and later at her de- 
sire division was made to the eight mmor 
children ; to the eldest son John, the farm, he 
paying to the youngest son five pounds, or 
quarter of the value of the farm; Mary, 
Stephen and Hannah to have equal shares in 

Digitized by 




the island bought of Widow Andrews; Eliza- 
beth, Abigail and Israel to have twenty nobles 
apiece ; all at twenty-one years of age. Chil- 
dren: John, born 1632; Israel, bom 1634; 
Nathan, mentioned below; Stephen, 1637; 
Hannah, married Michael Emerson, and had 
a daughter Hannah, who married Thomas 
Duston and was taken captive by the Indians ; 
Elizabeth, married Samuel Simmons; Abigail, 
married Abraham Merrill. 

(II) Nathan, son of John Webster, was 
born in 1636, died in 1694. He married Mary 
Haseltine, born 1648, died 1735. Children, 
born in Haverhill-: Nathan, March i, 1678-79; 
Joanna, August 26, 1682; Abigail, March 3, 
1684-85; Samuel, mentioned below; John; 

(III) Samuel, son of Nathan Webster, was 
born at Haverhill, Massachusetts, September 
25, 1688, died in 1769. He was an early 
settler at Chester, New Hampshire. He mar- 
ried, August 13, 1713, Mary Kimball, born 
February 26, 1694, descendant of the immi- 
grant, Richard Kimball. Children, born at 
Haverhill and Chester: John, mentioned be- 
low; Mary, September 9, 17 16; Rev. Samuel, 
August 16, 1718; Jonathan, August 31, 1720; 
Ebenezer, December 2, 1726; Ephraim, May 
13, 1730; Nathan, May i, 1732; Sarah, March 
27, 1734; Asa, May 31, 1736. 

(IV) Colonel John (2) Webster, son of 
Samuel Webster, was born August 9, 17 14, 
died September 16, 1784. He came to Chester 
in 1735 ^"^ settled on Lot 76. He opened the 
first general store in Chester about 1750 in 
his house and later bought land on the site of 
Bachelor's Hotel and built a house and store. 
He is said to have kept a tavern also. He was 
surveyor of highways in 1743, selectman in 
1744 and represented the town for several 
years in the legislature. He was active in sup- 
port of the revolution and was in the service 
as muster master. He often advanced money 
to the government to pay recruits. He mar- 
ried (first) November 29, 1739, Hannah 
Hobbs, who died November 2, 1760. He mar- 
ried (second) November 17, 1762, Sarah 
Smith, of Hampton, New Hampshire, widow. 
Children born at Chester by first wife : Mary, 
June 2, 1 741; Hannah, 1743; Sarah, Novem- 
ber 14, 1745; Anna, February 4, 1749; Eliza- 
beth, 1752; John, March 13, 1754; Samuel, 
mentioned below. By second wife: Toppan, 
July 22, 1765; Mary, May 6, 1768; Elizabeth, 
1771 ; Edmund, 1773, had the homestead. 

(V) Samuel (2), son of Colonel John (2) 
Webster, was born at Chester, New Hamp- 
shire, February 15, 1757. He removed to 
GoflFstown and thence in 1795 to Newport, 
New Hampshire, where he lived in the west 

part of the town on what was later the Samuel 
Crowell place. He was a lieutenant in the 
revolutionary war. He married Anna Roby, 
daughter of John Roby or Robie, of Chester. 
Children: Hannah, born June 23, 1776; 
Thomas, December i, 1778; John, mentioned 
below ; Anna, September 25, 1783 ; Ebenezer, 
March 30, 1786; Jesse, June 26, 1788; 
Thomas, October 31, 1790; Sally, May 12, 
1793; Wingate, July 23, 1796; Asa, March 30, 


(VI) John (3), son of Samuel (2) Webster, 
was born April 14, 1781, in Goffstown, New 
Hampshire. He followed farming in the 
northwest part of Newport, where he died 
October i, 1839. He married, July 26, 1807, 
E>eborah Dow, who died February 25, 1833, 
aged fifty years. Children : i. Elizabeth Ann, 
born May 2, 1808; married, in 1826, Obed 
Stanard, and lived on the J. Hall farm (see 
Stanard VI). . 2. Samuel C, September 11, 
1809, died 1841 ; married Elizabeth Tilton. 3. 
Jesse, June 7, 181 1 ; a tailor in Henniker ; mar- 
ried, July, 1834, Susan C. Newell; his son, 
Newell H., was the third American to locate 
at Helena, Montana. 4. Sally M., December 
13, 1813. 5. Almeda, November 8, 1815. 6. 
Melissa, May 21, 1817. 7. Emeline P., Feb- 
ruary 24, 1819. 8. John R., February 17, 
1822 ; captain in civil war, wounded at Antie- 
tam, died at Fredericksburg. 9. Elutheria D., 
born July 29, 1825 ; married Rufus Underbill, 
of Nashua, and lived at Billerica, Massachu- 
setts. 10. Zerviah K., married Professor I. S. 
Whitney, of Henniker, and lived at Manches- 
ter. II. Mariett, married Sherburne Lake- 
man, of Goshen. 

For several generations the 
BLANDING Blandings have been among 
the leading business men and 
substantial citizens of the city of Providence 
and vicinity, where has resided a branch of the 
old and honored Blanding family of Rehoboth, 
Massachusetts, at which point a son of the 
immigrant settler had located as early as 1674, 
the father coming to Boston from England 
in 1640. This progenitor of the American 
family, William Blanding, himself prominent 
in public affairs of the colony, representing it 
in the general court, left posterity who have 
sustained the family name and reputation. 
Colonel Christopher, William and others of 
the name figured in the revolution; Dr. Wil- 
liam Blanding (Brown University, 1801) be- 
came one of the foremost naturalists of his 
time ; Colonel William Blanding was a promi- 
nent merchant of Providence, as was also his 
son, the late William Bullock Blanding, 
founder of the present drug house of Bland- 

Digitized by 




ing & Blanding, of Weybosset street, at the 
head of which is William O. Blanding, Esq. 
Here in Providence and East Providence, too, 
have lived others of the name and same stock, 
among them the late Shubael and the late 
Wheeler Martin Blanding, and of a later gen- 
eration now active and prominent in business 
life are Charles L. and Edward J. Blanding, 
the former of the C. L. Blanding Manufactur- 
ing Company, manufacturers of woolen and 
merino yarns, etc. ; and among the prominent 
and well known men of the city of a genera- 
tion ago was the late Colonel Christopher 
Blanding, whose ardent patriotism and con- 
spicuity as an officer in the early part of the 
civil war, and later efficiency as secretary and 
agent of the Society for the Prevention of 
Cnielty to Animals, are yet well remembered. 
This article deals with the lives of these 
men, with their lineage and posterity, the 
genealogy following and beginning with the 
progenitor of the family in America, being in 
chronological order. 

( I ) William Blanding came from Upton-on- 
Severn, Worcestershire, England, in 1640, and 
settled in Boston, Massachusetts. He was 
made a freeman, May 10, 1643 i was a member 
of the grand inquest of the colony, 1643-48, 
and was a deputy to the Plymouth court, 165 1. 
He died June 15, 1662, and in his will are 
mentioned his wife Phebe, son William and 
daughters, Phebe and Mary. Mr. Blanding 
owned land in that part of Boston which be- 
came Brookline, and was interested in the iron 
works at Taunton. 

(II) William (2), son of William (i) 
Blanding, settled at Rehoboth, Massachusetts, 
where in May, 1680, it was agreed by the 
authorities of the town that he should have 
one-half acre of land or the common upon 
which to build a house. Mr. Blanding con- 
tributed money to the town to assist the expe- 
dition against the Indians, 1675-76. He mar- 
ried, September 4, 1674, Bethia Wheaton, and 
their children of Rehoboth record were: Wil- 
liam, of whom further; Samuel, April 11, 
1680; Obadiah, April 15, 1683; Daniel, Octo- 
ber 25, 1685; John, June 20, 1687; Ephraim, 
October 30, 1689; Noah, March 7, 1690. 

(HI) William (3), son of William (2) 
Blanding, was born May 2, 1676. He mar- 
rie 1 (first) October 16, 1708, Elizabeth Perry, 

and (seccHid) Mehitabel . One child, 

Elizabeth, born January 12, 1709-10, came to 
the first marriage, and the following children 
to the second: William, of whom further; 
Esther, September 20, 1714; Mehitabel, De- 
cember II, 1 71 7; Bethia, October 26, 17 19; 
Sibell, September 10, 1721 ; Rachel, September 
3, 1723. The first Mrs. Blanding died Janu- 

ary 26, 1709-10. Mr. Blanding was a mem- 
ber of the First Congregational Church in 
Rehoboth, in 1711. 

(IV) William (4), .son of William (3) 
Blanding, was born December 17, 1712. He 
married, December 25, 1740, Sarah ChaflFee, 
of Rehoboth, and their children were: Lucy, 
born March 8, 1745-46; William, of whom 
further; Shubael, September 19, 1750; Ebe- 
nezer, February 26, 1754; Christopher, of 
whom further. (The deaths of two William 
Blandings are of Rehoboth record, prior to 
and including 1750, namely, William, Novem- 
ber 26, 1724; and William of William, June 

19, 1750). 

(V) William (5), son of William (4) 
Blanding, was born February 27, 1747-48. Mr. 
Blanding was a patriot of the revolution. He 
enlisted August 12, 1776, in Captain Hodger's 
company, Colonel Ebenezer Francis's regi- 
ment, and was discharged October ist of that 
year ; he received pay under rank of sergeant 
and served as quartermaster under Colonel 
Thomas Carpenter, of Rehoboth, on an alarm 
from Bristol, December 8, 1778, service twenty 
days. He married, July 5, 1772, Lydia Orms- 
bee. The children of William and Lydia were: 
William, of whom further; Abraham, born 
November 18, 1775 ; Lydia, February 22, 1776; 
James, October 12, 1781 ; Lucy, October 31, 
1783; Reuben, March 17, 1786; Reuben (2), 
February 6, 1789; Susanna, March 8, 1790; 
Lephe, April 12, 1793. The father of these 
children died June 12, 1830, and the mother 
passed away August 31, 1835. 

(VI) Dr. William (6) Blanding, son of 
William (5) Blanding, was born February 7, 


He was a graduate of Brown University, class 
of 1801. He first settled in Attleboro, Massa- 
chusetts, and later removed to Camden, South 
Carolina, where he practiced medicine and be- 
came an eminent scholar in natural history. 
It is said that his cabinet of natural history 
was probably larger than that of any one in- 
dividual in the L^nited States. Dr. Blanding 
was one of the foremost naturalists of his 
day. He presented his collection to Brown 
University. Dr. Blanding subsequently lived 
in Philadelphia. He died at Elm College, Re- 
hoboth, Massachusetts, April 12, 1857. He 
married (first) in May 1805, Susanna, born 
November 30, 1780, daughter of Caleb Car- 
penter, of Rehoboth. She died September 8, 
1809. He married (second) Rachel Willett, 
of Philadelphia. 

(V) Colonel Christopher Blanding, son of 
William (4) Blanding, was born October i, 
1756. He was a patriot of the revolution. He 
was a private in Captain Samuel Bliss's com- 

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pany, which marched on the Lexington Alarm 
of April 19, 177s, serving eight days; his 
name is also on the pay roll of August i, 1775, 
of Captain Bliss's company, Colonel Walker's 
regiment; he enlisted April 28, 1775, served 
one month and twenty-eight days; he is re- 
ported enlisted in the train, June 14, 1775 ; he 
is also on the return dated October 6, 1775; 
he is also of Captain Samuel Gidding's com- 
pany, artillery regiment, receipt for advance 
pay dated Cambridge, August 5, 1775; ord«r 
for coat or its equivalent in money, dated Fort 
No. 2, Cambridge, November 8, 1775; he was 
in Captain Israel Hix's company. Colonel 
Thomas Carpenter's regiment; marched from 
Rehoboth to Bristol, Rhode Island, on the 
alarm of December 8, 1776, service sixteen 
days. The name of Christopher Blanding is 
shown on the roll as a corporal of Joseph 
Wilmarth's company, Colonel Thomas Car- 
penter's regiment ; marched to Tiverton, Rhode 
Island, July 28, 1780, on alarm; discharged 
July 31, 1760, service five days, under General 
Heath. The military title of Mr. Blanding 
appears through the record as Major and 
Colonel. Colonel Blanding died April 13, 
1808. He married. May 26, 1782, Martha 
Martin, of Rehoboth. She died January 28, 
1856, aged ninety-five years. Their children 
were : Sarah, born March 14, 1783 ; Sylvanus, 
July 12, 1784; Hannah, February 12, 1786; 
Martha, March 30, 1787; Christopher, Octo- 
ber 20, 1788; Franklin, September 5, 1790; 
Robert, June 28, 1792; Shubael, March 28, 
1794; Wheeler Martin, February 6, 1796; Wil- 
liam, of whom further; Joseph, February 21, 
1800; Edward Martin, May 18, 1803; Simeon 
Martin, December 6, 1805. 
^ (VI) Colonel William (6) Blanding, son of 
Colonel Christopher Blanding, was bom April 
28, 1798. He was a prominent and success- 
ful business man of Providence, and a highly 
esteemed and respected citizen. He died in 
1845, aged forty-seven years. He married 
Mary R. Bullock, a descendant of an old Eng- 
lish family bearing a coat-of-arms. 

(VII) William Bullock, son of Colonel Wil- 
liam (6) Blanding, was born Au^ist 2, 1826, 
in Providence, Rhode Island. He attended 
both public and private schools, receiving a 
liberal classical education. While yet in his 
teens, in 1844, he became a clerk in the drug 
store of Mr. Edward T. Clark, on North Main 
street. This led to an interest in the business, 
and in 1849 to the proprietorship. Young 
Blanding, well educated, with business tact and 
energy, as the years passed, developed an ex- 
tensive business, so large that in 1873 he pur- 
chased the stock of Dyer Brothers, on Wey- 
bosset street, where from that time on through 

life he did a wholesale drug business and 
manufactured medical preparations. His busi- 
ness career was a successful one, and he was 
recognized as one of the leading merchants of 
Rhode Island. The political affiliations of Mr. 
Blanding were with the Democratic party, but 
while interested in politics and especially active 
for his party just prior to and during the civil 
war, he never held public office. On the or- 
ganization of the State Board of Pharmacy, 
in 1870, Mr. Blanding became a member and 
continued as such. He served as president of 
the Rhode Island Pharmaceutical Association 
for a year or so. He was a member of the 
United Train of Artillery Veteran Association, 
having become a member of the Train of Ar- 
tillery in 1853, 2i"d for a decade held in that 
military organization a lieutenant's commis- 
sion. In 1854 Mr. Blanding joined Mt. Ver- 
non Lodge, No. 4, Ancient Free and Accepted 
Masons, of Providence. Three years later, in 
1857, he organized What Cheer Lodge, No. 
21. and was its first master, a relation he sus- 
tained with the lodge for two years. He also 
held various offices in Providence Royal Arch 
Chapter. He received the order of knighthood 
in 1855 in St. John's Commandery, Provi- 
dence, and was generalissimo of the same dur- 
ing the pilgrimage to Richmond, Virginia, in 
1859. He was one of the founders of Calvary 
Commandery, in i860, and in 1866 its emi- 
nent commander. He served as senior grand 
warden and deputy grand master in the Grand 
Lodge of Masons, and as past grand general- 
issimo of the Grand Commandery of Massa- 
chusetts and Rhode Island. He took all the 
degrees in the Ancient and Scottish Rites, in- 
cluding the thirty-third degree. Mr. Blanding 
died at his home in Providence, Rhode Island, 
May 27, 1892. He was an Episcopalian in 
religious connection, being a member of St. 
Stephen's Church, of Providence. He married, 
November 13, 1851, Mary A., daughter of 
Oliver and Electa A. (Bosworth) Remington, 
of Providence ; one child. William O., of whom 

(VIII) William O., son of William Bullock 
Blanding, was born November 24, 1852. He 
was educated in the grammar and high schools 
of his native city, passing through the high 
school and graduating in 1870. He attended 
Brown University for one term in the fall of 
1870, but on January i. 1871, entered his 
father's store taking a position in the office. 
At this time the business was located on North 
Main street. After some time in the office he 
became an outside salesman, and afterward 
came inside, taking charge of the shipping. 
On July I, 1890, he was taken into the firm, 
the name becoming Blanding & Blanding, un- 

Digitized by 




der which style the business has been con- 
tinued to the present time, though Mr. Bland- 
ing is now and has been for many years its 
sole owner. On the death of his father, in 
1892, the whole responsibility and conduct of 
the business devolved upon William O. Blan4- 
ing, and under his charge it has grown to large 
proportions. He has numerous other interests, 
being a director in the Manufacturers Trust 
Company, and a member of the board of the 
Lying-in Hospital and of St. Andrew's Indus- 
trial School for Boys, of Barrington, Rhode 
Island. He is a Republican in politics, but 
has taken no active part in such matters. Fra- 
ternally he has been a member of Adclphoi 
Lodge, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, 
though not now affiliated. He is much inter- 
ested in the Rhode Island College of Phar- 
macy and Allied Sciences, having been its 
treasurer since its organization, in 1902. His 
church connections are with the Episcopal 
church, he being a vestryman of St. John's 
Church of Barrington, where he formerly re- 
sided. Mr. Bland ing is a typical, whole-souled, 
frank, genial gentleman and business man of 
the present day. Broad in his charity, liberal 
in his views and estimate of men and things, 
he is a most respected and worthy citizen of 
the comnK)nwealth with which he has all his 
life been prominently identified. 

He married, March 17, 1875, Rosella Cor- 
nell, of Providence, Rhode Island, daughter 
of James and Mercy Ann (Potter) Cornell. 
They have had five children: i. Margaret 
Remington, born February 8, 1877, died April 
23, 1902. 2. William Cornell, born April 14, 
1878; married, April 16, 1906, Helen Dickey, 
daughter of William P. Butler, of Syracuse, 
New York, in which city they reside. 3. Rich- 
ard Warren, born January 24, 1880; married, 
April 16, 1904, Mabel, daughter of Ralph S. 
Hamilton, of Providence. 4. Percy Howard, 
bom November 12, 1881 ; like his two elder 
brothers is a graduate of Brown University. 
5. Alan Cornell, born July 27, 1887 J ^^s edu- 
cated in Phillips Academy, Andover, and is 
now with Blanding & Blanding ; married, No- 
vember 6, 1909, Rachel Alice, daughter of 
Frank D. Simmons, of Providence. 

This family was of consider- 
CA SWELL able antiquity in Wales, and 

the neighboring county of 
Hereford. Sir Thomas Caswall, a knight of 
the Holy Wars, was buried at Leominster. 
Long subsequently Sir George Caswall had 
very great estates in that neighborhood and 
represented Leominster in several parliaments. 
He left two sons, John and Timothy. John, 
the elder, left one son, John, father of the 

Rev. Robert Caswell. Timothy, the younger 
son of Sir George, left a son, George Caswall, 
of Secombe Park, Herts. These were the 
common ancestors of all the Caswalls or Cas- 
wells, as the name became subsequently known, 
who settled in Hereford originally and after- 
wards were found in Hertford, Middlesex and 
elsewhere. In their coat-of-arms they used 
the mullet or star of five points, showing their 
descent from a ypunger son; the crest is dis- 
tinctive of knights who fought in the Holy 
Wars. The coat-of-arms here given belonged 
to the Caswells of London and Hampton, being 
recorded by the heralds at their visitation of 
Middlesex in 1663, as follows : Arms : Argent, 
three bars gemelles, and a mullet for differ- 
ence, sable. Crest : A dexter arm embowed in 
mail, proper, holding a cross crosslet fitchee, or. 
Richard Caswell, Esq., of London, married 
Mary, daughter of Richard Slany, Esq., of 
the county of Salop, and among their children 
were Thomas and George, the third and fourth 

(I) Thomas Caswell, who seems to have 
been the Thomas, son of Richard, above men- 
tioned, was one of the first settlers in Taunton, 
Massachusetts, which was incorporated in 
1639. He reached the Colonies in about the 
year 1640, and tradition states that he came 
from Somersetshire, England. His descend- 
ants in this country at the present time are 
very numerous, and in the year 1900 number- 
ed nearly four thousand. He had ten children, 
five sons and five daughters : Stephen, Thomas, 
Peter, John, Samuel, mentioned further ; Mary, 
Hannah, Elizabeth, Abigail, Hester. 

(II) Samuel, fifth son of Thomas Caswell, 
the immigrant ancestor, had children: Samuel, 
Henry, Ebenezer, mentioned further; Nathan- 
iel, Damaris, Mehitable, Ruth, Anne, Johanna, 

(III) Ebenezer, third son of Samuel Cas- 
well, had children: Ebenezer, mentioned fur- 
ther ; Moses. Job, John, Squire, Charity. 

(IV) Ebenezer (2), eldest son of Ebenezer 
(i) Caswell, married Zibiah White, born June 
10, 1736, daughter of Benjamin White by his 
second wife, Anne Beckwell. Zibiah White 
was of direct "Mayflower" descent, as follows : 
William White, who came over in the "May- 
flower," had son. Peregrine, born on board the 
"Mayflower" in Cape Cod harbor, November, 
1620, being the first white child born in the 
New England colonies. Peregrine White mar- 
ried Sarah Bassett, who came over in the "For- 
tuna," November 10, 1621, and had children: 
Sarah, Daniel, Mercy, Jonathan, Peregrine, 
Sylvanus. Daniel White, son of Peregrine and 
Sarah ( Bassett) White, married Hannah Hunt, 
August 19, 1664, and had children: Joseph, 

Digitized by 




John, Thomas, Cornelius, Benjamin, Eleazer, 
Ebenezer. Benjamin White, son of Daniel and 
Hannah (Hunt) White, married (second) 
Anne Beckwell, and had children: Joshua, 
Anne, Hannah, Ruth, Zibiah, married Eben- 
ezer Caswell as aforesaid ; Abigail. Ebenezer 
and Zibiah (White) Caswell had children: 
Samuel, mentioned further; Ebenezer, Cyrus, 
Eunice, Lois, and three daughters who died 

(V) Samuel (2), eldest son of Ebenezer 
(2) and Zibiah (White) Caswell, was born in 
1760. At the outbreak of the revolutionary 
war he was a member of the volunteer regi- 
ment which built the fortification on Dorches- 
ter Heights in the summer and autumn of 
1776, after the evacuation of Boston by the 
British. He belonged to the company of Cap- 
tain Joshua Wilbur, of Taunton, Colonel Fran- 
cis being principal in command; his enlistment 
was for four months, the companies being dis- 
banded December i, 1776. He married Polly 
Seaver, and had nine children: i. Zibiah, born 
July 18, 1790. 2. Wilbur, born November 19. 
1791, died April 21, 1881 ; married, April 21, 
1818, Hannah Lewis, born October 28, 1802, 
died April 14, 1897 ; children : i. William Sea- 
ver, born May 17, 1819, married Susan Pernell 
Rader, who died June 23, 1870; children: a. 
Sarah Jane, born April 2, i860, married, Octo- 
ber 15, 1877, Calvin Whitefield Dickerman; 
children: Charles Scott, born July i, 1878; 
Seaver Caswell and Susan Viola, twins, born 
January 10, 1881, the latter dying in infancy; 
Earl Jasper, April 8, 1883 ; Edward Benonia, 
August 24, 1886; Eunice, January 2, 1899. ^' 
Benjamin Alexis, born March 4, 1862, mar- 
ried, March 2, 1888, May Lewis, ii. Zibiah, 
born June 12, 1821 ; married, April 14, 1839, 
Charles Goodyer Scott, born April 29, 181 3, 
died June 6, 1895; children: a. Louisa, born 
November 25, 1841, died August 17, 1843. b. 
Alvin Gardner, born August 3, 1848, married. 
May 10, 1877, Minnie Lillian Comstock; one 
child, Helen Day, born November 25, 1881, 
died August 17, 1883. iii. Sarah Jane, born 
February 5, 1826; married, September 26, 
1847, Dr. D. B. Allen, born December i, 1823; 
children: a. Wilbur Samuel, born January i, 
1849, married, December 31, 1879, Kate Wa- 
lane ; children : Johnnie Caswell Loretto, born 
March 24, 1882 ; Margaret Agratius, bom No- 
vember 10, 1883. b. Charles Scott, born April 
12, 1858, died March 14, i860, c. Charles W. 
B., born August 22, 1861, died March 5, 1889. 
iv. Benjamin Alexis, born January 11, 1837, 
died December 11, 1854. 3. Samuel, born 
February 3 or 13, 1795, died September 14, 
1875 ; married, March 24, 18 16, Nancy Leon- 
ard, bom August 27, 1793, died December 7, 

1884; children: i. Samuel Bartlett, born Janu- 
ary 23, 1817, died May 13, 1818. ii. Mary 
Frances, born March 14, 1819, died October 
I, 1892; married, October i, 1834, Warren 
Billings; children: a. Louise Bartlett, born 
^oston. May 2yy 1836, married, December 4, 
1855, Enoch Robinson; children: aa. Merton, 
born June 24, 1857, died July 27, 1896, mar- 
ried, October, 1883, Susan Atherton ; children : 
Ethel, born November 4, 1884, Boston; Har- 
old, born February 5, iS!?©, Boston, bb. Flor- 
ence, born November 18, 1864. b. Mary Bow- 
man, bom Wareham, Massachusetts, June 25, 
1839, married, January 15, 1867, Edward Allen 
Gammons, bom January 15, 1842; children: 
aa. Mary Bryant, Wareham, Massachusetts, 
born December 5, 1869, married, October 23, 
1890, Frank Alden Besse; children, all of 
Wareham: Edward Alden, born February 13, 
1891 ; Alden Browne, born April 29, 1894, died 
August 15, 1894; Gerard Curtis, bom June 26, 
i8g^; Harry William, born June 9, 1898. bb. 
William Edward, born April 7, 187 1, died July 
10, 1897. cc. Henry Elliott, born January 17, 
1873, died April 17, 1897. c. Henry Warren, 
South Boston, Massachusetts, born March 8, 
1841. d. James Albert, born April 12, 1843, 
presumably deceased, but when and where not 
known, e. George Herrick, Boston, born Feb- 
ruary 8, 1845, married, April 24, 1879, Hattie 
Ann Goodwin ; children : aa. Edward G., born 
March 22, 1880, died August 10, 1880. bb. 
Kenneth Seyton, Boston, born October 5, 
1889. f. Charles Carroll, Wareham, born 
September i, 1850. g. Katie Clifford, born 
April 6, 1853, died in infancy, h. Edmund 
Willis, born November 4, 1857, died in infancy, 
i. William Sheppard, born September 3, 1859, 
died February 12, 188 1, iii. William Alexis, 
born February 20, 1821, died February 14, 
1890; married, March 25, 1839. Bethiah S. 
Kieth or Keith; children: a. Harriet Eunice, 
born September 25, 1840, died June 4, 1864. 

b. Elizabeth, born October 6, 1842, died Octo- 
ber 5, 1844. iv. Harriet Newell, East Taun- 
ton, Massachusetts, born July 27, 1823 ; mar- 
ried, July 5, 1843, James Martin White; chil- 
dren : a. Sarah Ellen, East Taunton, born Sep- 
tember 12, 1844, married, August 14, 1865, 
Charles Richmond ; children : aa. Charles, East 
Taunton, born December 21, 1867, married. 
May 31, 1898, Maude E. Hawkes; one child, 
Ralph Newell, born January 10, 1901. bb. 
Harry, born August 30, 1872, died June 14, 
1878. b. James Edward, born May 29, 1846, 
married Sybil Williams, September 18, 1879. 

c. Alice, born February 26, 1859, died August 
6, 1866. V. Ann Elizabeth, born December 6, 
1825, died February 15, 1894; married, Octo- 
ber 27, 1845, Samuel Sprague Warren; chil- 

Digitized by 



1 185 

dren: a. Minton, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 
bom January 29, 1850, married, December 29, 
1885, Salome Amelia Machado. b. Annie 
Louise, born April 23, 1853, di^d June 6, 1883 ; 
married, October 14, 1875, Charles Geer. c. 
Emma Loring, Lynn, Massachusetts, born 
April 28, 1857, married, July 28, 1887, William 
H. Hodges ; one child, Theodore Warren, born 
February 18, 1890. vi. Samuel Bradford, born 
January 3, 1828, died February 3, 1892; mar- 
ried, January 3, 1849, Mary B. Gibbs; chil- 
dren: a. Mary Fayette, born September 25, 
1849, died October 6, 1875; married, 1870, 
John Clarke, b. William Mitchell, Los Angeles, 
California, bom July 24, 1857, married, Octo- 
ber 29, 1890, Cora L. Tubbs ; one child^ George 
Bradford, born December 29, 1891. vii. James 
Albert, born April 26, 1833, died December 2, 
1842. viii. Sarah Stetson, Lynn, Massachu- 
setts, born May 2, 1835; married, November 
4, 1858, Benjamin Franklin Spinney; chil- 
dren : a. Frank Caswell, Lynn, born December 
14, 1864, married, February 21, 1889, Joseph- 
ine Cady; one child, Celia M., born April 27, 
1891, died May 7, 1892. b. Louis Seaver, born 
April 15, 1870, died March 21, 1889. 4. Wil- 
liam Seaver, born January 13, 1797, died De- 
cember 7, 1864; married, June 2, 1822, Lydia 
Williams; children: 1. Susan, bom June 5, 
1823, died January 26, 1884; married, Decem- 
ber 24, 1844, Charles Hubbard Grant; chil- 
dren: a. Alfred Smith, born November 27, 
1845, married, April 9, 1872, Marcella Chase 
Dow; children: aa. Freddie, bom October 3, 
1873, died October 25, 1873. bb. Edna Lois, 
bom January 27, 1875, married, July 14, 1896, 
Frank L. Lampson ; one child, Mildred Edna, 
born July 17. 1897. cc. Arthur Dow, born 
October 26, 1877. dd. Harry Carleton, born 
March 30, 1880. ee. George Howison, bom 
October 19, 1883. ff- Alfred Smith, born 
August 10, 1891. b. Charles Hubbard, born 
August 31, 1847, married, January 3, 1869, 
Laura Andrus; children: Constance Andrus, 
born December 31, 1878, died September 4, 
1882; George Gaylord, born July 7, 1881. c. 
Emma Evelyn, born February 15, 1851, died 
May 3, 1865. d. Mary Adele, born April 12, 
1853, died May 19. 1887; married, 1884, David 
Mandizo. e. Henry Lyndon, born May 12, 
1857, died February 27, 1882. f. Lydia Cas- 
well, St. Paul, Minnesota, born March 28, 
i860, married, December 29, 1880, Arthur Eu- 
gene Jay. g. Harriet Tyler, Fairbanks, Minne- 
sota, bom January 28, 1863, married, April 
29, 1881. William Wallace Crawford, ii. Wil- 
liam Seaver, Delavan, Illinois, born July 26, 
1826; married, December 25, 1849, Eliza 
Allen ; children : a. Edgar Allen, bom October 
27, 1850, killed by lightning, June 22, 1886. 

b. Laura, born July 7, 1852, died October 27, 
1861. c. William Francis, Delavan, born Janu- 
ary 7, 1854, married, January i, 1894, Jean- 
nette Stuart ; children : aa. Hazel Louise, born 
October 9, 1894; bb. Helen Marie, born Octo- 
ber 2'j, 1896. cc. Frances Isabel, born April 

3, 1899. d. Clarence Eugene, Delavan, born 
August z}^, 1857, married, May 23, 1889, Mary 
Hill; children: aa. Louis William, born May 
20, 1890. bb. Eugene Dixon, born June 4, 
1892. e. Nathan Oscar, Delavan, born July 

4, 1862, married, October 28, i8i86, Harriet 
Laing ; children : aa. Ethel Claire, born August 

29, 1887. bb. Tina Little, born April 22, 1889. 
cc. Maud, born January 17, 1891. dd. Etta, 
born May 16, 1893, died January 18, 1898. iii. 
Alexis, born and died, dates unknown, iv. 
Lydia Ann, born October 18, 1829, married, 
November 27, 1850, Erastus Marten Briggs; 
one child, Helen Mabel, born February 6, 
1858, married, September 5, 1888, Nathaniel 
Beebe Jenkins; children: aa. George Erastus, 
born August 23, 1889. bb. Lauren Briggs, 
born May 25, 1891. cc. Harold Alexis, born 
October i, 1893. dd. Frank Wicks, born No- 
vember 14, 1895. V. Nathan, born March 7, 
1832, died May 21, 1897; married, December 
27, 1852, Laura Ferris, vi. Maria Louisa, 
born September 28, 1843, died February 9, 
1889. 5. Alexis, born January 29, 1799, twin 
brother of Alvarus; he became professor of 
mathematics and natural philosophy at Brown 
University, Providence, Rhode Island, in Sep- 
tember, 1828; and became president of the uni- 
versity in January, 1868, resigning in June, 
1872. He died January 7, 1877. On May 17, 
1830, he married (first) Esther Lois Thomp- 
son, who died June 25, 1850; married (second) 
in 1855, Lizzie Edmands, who had no children. 
Children by first marriage: i. Sarah Swoope, 
Ann Arbor, Michigan, born July 24, 1831, 
married James B. Angell; children: a. Alexis 
Caswell, Detroit, Michigan, born April 26, 
1857, married Frances Cooley; children, all 
of Detroit: aa. Sarah Caswell, born February 
2, 1883. bb. Thomas Cooley, born January 21, 
1885. cc. Alice, born August, 1887, died in 
extreme infancy, dd. James. B., born March 

30, 1894. ee. Elizabeth N., born December 28, 
1896, died April 28, 1900. ff. Robert Corley 
or Cooley, born April 29, 1899. b. Lois Thomp- 
son, Ann Arbor, Michigan, born February 15, 
1863, married, June 17, 1890, Andrew C. Mc- 
Laughlin; children, all of Ann Arbor: aa. 
James Angell, born August 15, 1891. bb. Row- 
land, born January 4, 1894. • cc. David, born 
October 19, 1895. dd. Constance Winsor, born 
August 21, 1897. ee. Esther Lois, born April 
9, 1900. c. James Rowland, Chicago, Illinois, 
born May 8, 1869, married, December 18, 

Digitized by 




1894, Marian Watrous ; one child, James Wat- 
rous, born May 21, 1898. ii. Edward T., born 
September 11, 1833, died April 17, 1887; ^^^' 
ried Annie Baldwin, who died July 30, 1900; 
children: a. Julia Baldwin, London, England, 
born September 7, 1866, married, January 2, 
1890, Joseph Howard Poett; children: aa. 
Frances Mary Phyllis, born November 18, 
1890. bb. Elizabeth Thompson, born April 
14, 1892. cc. Julia Evelyn, born December 27, 

1895. b. Alexis, Minneapolis, Minnesota, born 
March 29, 1868, married, September 26, 1891, 
Harriette Bell ; children : aa. Alexis, bom Sep- 
tember 6, 1892. bb. Dorothy, born March, 
1894. cc. Edward Thompson, born October 
23, 1896, died May 7, 1898. dd. Austin Bald- 
win, ee. Harriet Bell. c. Edward Thompson, 
born September 24, 1869, died May 7, 1889. 
d. Anne Baldwin, London, England, born Feb- 
ruary 22, 187 1, married, April 27, 1899, James 
Monro Coates. e. Austin Baldwin, Des 
Moines, Iowa, born November 10, 1872, mar- 
ried, February 14, 1901, Mary Bell. f. Esther 
Lois, Dres'^len, Germany, born November 2, 

1877. iii. Thomas T., born January 4, 1840, 
married (first) September 24, 1867, Gertrude 
E. Ford, who died September 11, 1894; mar- 
ried (second) Elizabeth B. Randall, who died 
July 8, 1898; children by first wife: a. Rosalie, 
born September 11, 1869, married Lieutenant 
John Hood, United States navy, January 28, 
1890. b. Gertrude Ford, born February 3, 

1878, died September 8, 1894. 6. Alvarus, twin 
of Alexis, born January 29, 1799, died April 
12, 1892; married, January i, 1827, Ann White 
Sampson, who died March 11, 1880; children: 
i. Serena King, Lawrence, Massachusetts, born 
December 10, 1827. married, September 7, 
1856, Frederic T. Lane; children: a. Anne 
Sampson, born July 12, 1857. ^' Serena Cas- 
well, born June 7, 1858. c. Mary Lois. Law- 
rence, Massachusetts, born October i, 1869, 
married, June 26, 1805, Arthur Ward Scrib- 
ner; children: aa. Lois Caswell, born Decem- 
ber 18, 1898. bb. Charles Standish, born Feb- 
ruary 7, 1901. ii. Mary Ann, born February 
27, 1830, died August 22, 1895 : married, No- 
vember 28, 1849, Henry King. iii. Lois Thomp- 
son, bom August 14, 1838, married, November 
25, 186'^, George Holmes Howison. iv. Alexis, 
bom March 18. 1843, died July 16, 1857. 7. 
Mary, born November 30, 1800. 8. Nathan, 
of whom further. 9. Benjamin, bom October 
20, 1805, died January 18, 1874: married, 
March 26, 185 1, Lydia Taylor Hodges, who 
died January 26, 1895 ; children : i. Mary 
Zibiah, Wellesley, Massachusetts, born March 
20, 1852. ii. Charles Benjamin, Norton, Mas- 
sachusetts, bom October 8, 1853. married Alice 
Halford Rounds, September 26, 1887; chil- 

dren, all of Norton : a. Arthur Benjamin, bom 
September 12, 1888, died January 13, 1890. 
b. Anne Taylor, born December 24, 1889. c. 
Sarah Palmer, born January 28, 1891. d. 
Thomas Hodges, born February 14, 1894. e. 
Edward Renouf , born June 4, 1896. iii. Anna 
Thompson, born December 25, 1854, died Feb- 
ruary 21, 1873. iv. Bertha Lydia, Wellesley, 
Massachusetts, born July 22, 1858. 

(VI) Nathan, son of Samuel (2) and Polly 
(Seaver) Caswell, was born April 16, 1803, 
died January 6, 1865. Married, May 26, 1835, 
Mary Lincoln Bowman, born October 9, 1815, 
died January 5, 1895. Children: i. Mary 
Power, born February 13, 1837, died Novem- 
ber 26, 1877; married, April 7, 1855, Charles 
Carroll, who died February 15, 1889; chil- 
dren : i. Rosalie, West Newton, Massachusetts, 
born October 30, 1864, ii. Anna M., Cathedral 
School, Washington, D. C, born September 
12, 1870. 2. Rosalie H. S., born April 11, 
1842, died June 24, 1868. 3. Edward Alexis, 
of whom further. 

(VH) Edward Alexis, son of Nathan and 
Mary Lincoln (Bowman) Caswell, was born 
November 27, 1844, and is a resident of New 
York City. On August 28, 1872, he married 
Emma Fairbanks, who died June 26, 1883. 
Children: i. Ethel, born August 3, 1873, died 
July 24, 1896. 2. Kenneth Lincoln, born Octo- 
ber 14, 1875 ; a resident of New York City. 

Gamaliel Beaman, the immi- 
BEAMAN grant ancestor, was born in 

England, in 1623, and came to 
America when he was twelve years old, in the 
ship "Elizabeth and Ann." At first he lived 
with relatives in Dorchester, Massachusetts, 
and became a proprietor there in 1649. In 
1658 he was one of the incorporators of Lan- 
caster, Massachusetts, and on May 23, 1659, 
settled there. On May 31, 1659, he signed the 
covenant there as one of the fifty-five original 
proprietors of the town, and he received Lot 
38. He owned more than two hundred and 
sixty-six acres of land there. In 1676 the set- 
tlers at Lancaster were obliged to leave their 
homes because of King Philip's war. The 
Indians burnt the town, including the church, 
and the place was not built up again until 
1680. Gamaliel Beaman returned to Dorches- 
ter, and his losses had been so great that he 
was unable to pay even his taxes. His new 
house in Dorchester was situated on the east 
slope of Bolton Hills, near a place called the 
Cold Spring. He died at Dorchester, March 
23. 1678. 

He married, about 1648, Sarah, daughter of 
William Clark. She was admitted to the Dor- 
chester church, February i, 1656, and was dis- 

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missed to Lancaster, May 24, 1668. Children, 
the first four baptized together, June 14, 1657 : 
John, mentioned below; Gamaliel, born 1653; 
Thomas, 1654; Mary, 1656; Sarah, born at 
Dorchester, January 19, 1658; Noah, April 3, 
1660; Thankful, April 18, 1663; Mehitable, 
May 26, 1667. 

(II) John, son of Gamaliel Beaman, was 
born in 1649-50. After the death of his father, 
he returned to Lancaster, when the town was 
resettled, and took up his father's old farm at 
VVataquadock, now Bolton. About 1682 he 
moved to Taunton, Massachusets, but returned 
to Lancaster after a few years. He was a 
probationer at Dorchester, and in August, 

1681, took out a letter for Taunton; he could 
not have stayed long at Taunton this time, 
as his daughter Sarah was bom in Lancaster 
the following February. The second time, 

1682, he remained longer in Taunton. On his 
return to Lancaster he was received into the 
church as Father Beaman from Taunton; this 
must have been between 1708 and 17 16. In 
1704 he was a member of a garrison in his 
father's house, and there was a garrison in his 
house in 171 1. On January 30, 1729, there 
was a church meeting at his house to elect dea- 
cons. He was buried in the Old Burial Ground 
at Lancaster, and the following inscription is 
on the slate stone marking the grave: "Here 
lies buried ye body of Mr. John Beaman, who 
departed this life Jan. 15, 1739-40, in Ye 90th 
Year of his age." He married, about 1674, 
Priscilla, born in Boston, in 1656, daughter of 
Robert Thornton. Robert Thornton came 
from London in the "Elizabeth" in 1635, aged 
eleven years; he was a carpenter and owned 
much land. Priscilla (Thornton) Beaman, 
died August 6, 1729, aged seventy-two years, 
and was buried in the Old Burial Ground at 
Lancaster. Children: Mary, born about 1675, 
died in Dorchester, May 3, 1676 ; John, Febru- 
ary 21, 1677; Zippora, March 4, 1679; Sarah, 
January 25, 1682; Gamaliel, mentioned below; 
Ebenezer, 1690; Jonathan, 1697; Priscilla; 
Judith; Eunice; Jabez, born 1704. 

(III) Gamaliel (2), son of John Beaman, 
was born at Taunton, Massachusetts, February 
29, 1684. He was in 1721 the first inhabitant 
of what is now the town of Sterling. He was 
called the "irrepressible" for his persistence 
in calling for a church there, which was ob- 
tained in 1742. He married Mary, daughter 
of Jonas and Mary (Berbeane) Houghton, of 
Lancaster, and granddaughter of the first John 
Houghton, who came from England in the 
"Abigail" in 1635, "being then a mere boy." 
John Houghton was an original proprietor in 
Lancaster, and brought with him two hundred 
and fifty pounds in money, he married Beatrix 

After Jonas Houghton's death in 

1723, Gamaliel and Mary sold her share of 
her father's estate to her brother, Stephen 
Houghton. Gamaliel Beaman joined the 
Chocksett church, July 7, 1745. He died 
October 26, 1745, and was the first person 
buried in Sterling Centre. His wife was 
mentioned in his will, dated April 20, 1745, 
and proved November 5, 1745. Children: 
Mary, married Nathaniel Wilder; Eunice, 
married Jonas Wilder; Elizabeth, married 
David Jewett ; Phineas, mentioned below ; Zer- 
viah, baptized at Lancaster, August 10, 1740, 
died unmarried; Lois, baptized at Lancaster, 
August 10, 1740, married Gideon Brockway; 
Dinah, bom September 20, 1728, at Sterling. 

(IV) Phineas, son of Gamaliel (2) Beaman, 
was born in Sterling, Massachusetts, in 1718- 
19. He accepted the covenant in the Lancaster 
church, January 6, 1739-40, and joined the 
church, March 22, 1761. His will was dated 
November 4, 1794, filed March 28, 1803, and 
he died at Sterling, March 16, 1803. He mar- 
ried, 1740, Joanna, daughter of Josiah Jr. and 
Abigail (Whitcomb) White. She was born in 
Lancaster, September 20, 1721. Her great- 
grandfather was John White, an original pro- 
prietor, who came from Salem; his daughter 
Mary married Rev. Joseph Rowlandson, and 
was the one known through being captured by 
the Indians. Captain John White, the Indian 
fighter, was Joanna White's uncle. Josiah's 
father Josiah married Mary Rice, of Marl- 
boro Massachusetts. Abigail Whitcomb was 
daughter of Josiah and Rebecca (Waters) 
Whitcomb, granddaughter of John Whit- 
comb, the immigrant. Rebecca Waters was 
daughter of Lawrence Waters, the immi- 
grant. Joanna (White) Beaman died in Ster- 
ling in 1799. Children, born in Sterling: Jo- 
anna, April 4, 1741; Phineas, April 20, 1742; 
Josiah, July i, 1743; Elizabeth, July i, 1745; 
Lemuel, mentioned below; Silence, August 31, 
1747; Gamaliel, December 4, 1748; Jonas, July 
12, 1750; Josiah, October 2, 1752; Benjamin, 
April 10, 1754; Mary, December 28, 1755; 
Elisha, June 5, 1757; David, baptized Decem- 
ber 10, 1758; Abigail, born July 14, 1760; 
Gideon, July 12, 1763. 

(V) Lemuel, son of Phineas Beaman, was 
born in Sterling, Massachusetts, October 2, 
1746. He settled first in New Salem, Massa- 
chusetts. He served in the revolution on the 
Lexington Alarm, April 19, 1775, in Captain 
Ebenezer Goodale^s company. Colonel Wood- 
bridge's regiment. He settled finally in Wen- 
dall, Franklin county, Massachusetts, and died 
there December 4, 1801. He married, in Lan- 
caster, Massachusetts, May 19, 1773, Prudence 
Monroe, born at Northboro, Massachusetts, in 

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1753, daughter of Philip and Susannah 
(Parker) Monroe, and granddaughter of Wil- 
liam Monroe Jr. According to one authority 
the surname Monroe was frequently spelled 
Roe. She died August 6, 1841. Children, born 
in Wendell: Lemuel, 1776, died young; John, 
mentioned below; Elihu, December 31, 1779; 
David, December 5, 1780; Lemuel, March 25, 
1790, died in 1797. 

(VI) John (2), son of Lemuel Beaman, 
was born in Wendall, Massachusetts, January 
7, 1778, died September 19, 1823, from the 
effects of poison ivy at haying. He married, 
December 22, 1803, Tabitha, born in Mon- 
tague, Franklin county, Massachusetts, August 
2, 1784, died at Fredonia, New York, Febru- 
ary 9, 1858, daughter of Kendall and Susanna 
(Ewers) Bancroft. Kendall was son of 
Joshua, son of Raham, son of Thomas, son of 
Thomas, who was born in England in 1622. 
Children, born at Wendall: i. Elmina, born 
May 8, 1805; married, August, 1829, Nathan 
B. Putnam. 2. Evaline, bom May 12, 1807, 
died at Marlboro. Massachusetts, in 1891, mar- 
ried, September, 1829, David Hunter. 3. Lem- 
uel Warren, born April 10, 1810, died August 
30, 1810. 4. Edmund Addison, mentioned be- 
low. 5. Warren Harrison, born January 7, 
1813; attended Amherst College; was pastor 
of the Congregational church at North Had- 
ley, Massachusetts, from September, 1841, to 
July, 1872; lived in Amherst the remainder of 
his life, dying February 26, 1901 ; married, 
April 27, 1841, Elizabeth Lydia Worcester. 
6. John Emery, born March 31, 1816, died in 
1850, unmarried. 7. Timothy Henry, born 
April 25, 1817, died 1889; married, 1836, 
Wealthy Marie Keith. 8. Tabitha Bancroft, 
born May 5, 1823, died in 1844. 

(VH) Rev. Edmund Addison Beaman, son 
of John (2) Beaman, was born August 8, 
181 1, in Wendell, Massachusetts, died June 6, 
1908. He was a student in Amherst College 
for a time and afterward taught school in 
Boston. He studied for the ministry and was 
ordained in the Swedenborgian denomination. 
He was settled in Boston in 1857 ^^^ while in 
that pastorate also had a private school at 23 
Temple place. He afterward accepted a pas- 
torate in Philadelphia where he preached for 
eight years, removing to Cincinnati at the close 
of the civil war and spending the last years of 
his life in that city. 

Rev. Mr. Beaman married (first) March 
22, 1840, Lusanna Keen, born in Joppa, now 
Elmwood, Plymouth county, Massachusetts, 
daughter of Samuel and Margaret Orr 
(Clift) Keen. She died February 7, 1858, 
in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Margaret Orr 
Clift was born in 1784, died in 1874, daughter 

of Lieutenant Anthony Winslow and Bethiah 
(Orr) Clift. Hugh Orr, father of Bethiah, 
was born in 171 5, died in 1798, son of Robert 
Orr, of Scotch ancestry. Hugh Orr married 
Mary, daughter of Captain Jonathan Bass 
(see Bass IV). Rev. Mr. Beaman married 
(second) November 9, 1859, at Batavia, New 
York, Sarah Parsons, born February 2y, 1833, 
at Lyons, New York. Children by first wife: 

I. Mary, died in infancy. 2. Ellen Lusanna, 
born December 7, 1842; married George 
Neave Merriweather. 3. Anna, born Decem- 
ber 30, 1844. 4. Susan, born January 31, 
1847 f married W. W. Gilchrist, a musical com- 
poser and leader of the Philharmonic Society 
in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 5. Elizabeth, 
a kindergarten teacher in Wilmington, Dela- 
ware. 6. Alice, born April 14, 185 1; married 
Jacob Strader. 7. John, born April 10, 1853 ; a 
farmer of Sidney, Ohio. 8. Carrie, died in in- 
fancy. 9. Edmund Samuel, mentioned below. 
10. Lusanna Keen, born January 16, 1858, in 
Philadelphia ; married William Ferris, now of 
Denver, Colorado. Children by second wife: 

II. Charles P., born October 6, i860, deceased; 
was a surgeon, Cornell University, Ithaca. 12. 
Arthur, born March 2, 1862, deceased. 13. 
Jennie, born January 27, 1864; married Asa 
E. Goddard, of Fall River, Massachusetts, a 
teacher. 14. Elmina, born July 27, 1866; mar- 
ried John Daboll, of Waltham, Massachusetts. 
15. George Burnham, born April i, 1870; prin- 
cipal of the Swedenborgian School at Walt- 
ham, Massachusetts. 16. David Webster, born 
November 2, 1872 ; superintendent of the Gen- 
eral Electric Company of New Bedford, Mas- 
sachusetts; married Jane Stetson. 17. War- 
ren, died in infancy. 

(Vni) Edmund Samuel, son of Rev. Ed- 
mund Addison Beaman, was born in Boston, 
Massachusetts, May 16, 1856. He attended 
the public schools and the high school in Cin- 
cinnati, and began his c^eer as clerk in a tea 
store in that city. Afterward he was clerk in 
the employ of Buchman Brothers, wholesale 
dealers in gents furnishing goods. He was for 
one year bookkeeper in the office of the Cin- 
cinnati Ice Company and afterward for four- 
teen years bookkeeper for Cohn Brothers & 
Company, a wholesale clothing concern in Cin- 
cinnati. In 1896 he was appointed a book- 
keeper in the office of the county auditor of 
Hamilton county, Ohio, was later appointed 
cashier and subsequently deputy auditor, a po- 
sition which he has filled with ability and effi- 
ciency to the present time. He is a member 
of McMillan Lodge, No. 141, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, and has taken the thirty-two 
degrees in Scottish Rite Masonry. He is a 
member of the Gymnasium Club and was for 

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1 189 

eight years its president; vice-president of 
the Blaine Club; vice-president of the Second 
Ward Republican Club; member of the New 
England Society of Cincinnati, the Ohio River 
Launch Club, the Cincinnati Boat Club, of 
which he was treasurer for seven years and 
commodore several years. He belongs to the 
Swedenborgian church. He is unmarried. 

(The Bass Line). 

The surname Bass is from the French 
**Bas,'* meaning low of stature, and derived 
in the same way as the English Short, Stout, 
etc. Le Bas became common in England after 
the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes. The 
surname Bass dated back many centuries, how- 
ever, in England. An ancient coat-of-arms of 
the family is : Sable a bordure argent. Crest : 
Out of a ducal coronet two wings proper. 
Another coat-of-arms borne by the family of 
Bass of Curzon St. Mayfair: Argent on a- 
chevron gules, between three greyhounds 
heads erased sable each ducally gorged and 
chained or, as many cross croslets of the last. 
Crest : Out of a mural crown gules masoned 
argent a demi-greyhound issuant holding in 
the mouth a rose between two leaves all proper. 

(I) Samuel Bass, the immigrant ancestor, 
was bom in England in 1600. He came to 
New England with his wife Ann about 1630, 
and settled first in Boston. He was among 
the earliest members of the Roxbury church, 
which was organized in 1632. He lived near 
Hog Bridge, Roxbury. He moved to Brain- 
tree in 1640 and became one of the leading 
citizens. He was admitted a freeman, May 
14, 1634. He was chosen the first deacon of 
the church at Br^intree and filled that office 
fifty years. He was elected deputy to the gen- 
eral court in 1641, and for twelve years in all 
represented the town in the legislature. He had 
a strong character and a vigorous mind, and was 
for many years one of the foremost men of the 
town. He died December 30, 1694, aged nine- 
ty-four, at Braintree, and the statement is 
made in the town records at the time of his 
death that he was father, grandfather and 
great-grandfather of one hundred and sixty- 
two persons. His wife Ann died September 
5, 1693, ^g^d ninety-three years. Children: 
Samuel, died at Nantasket, August 9, 1690; 
Hannah, married Stephen Payne; Mary, mar- 
ried Captain John Capen ; John, mentioned be- 
low; Thomas, married Sarah Wood; Joseph, 
died January 16, 1714; Sarah, married Deacon 
John Stone and Joseph Penniman. 

(H) John, son of Samuel Bass, was born 
in Roxbury, Massachusetts, in 1632, died at 
Braintree, September 12, 17 16, aged eighty- 
four years. He was a farmer in Braintree. 

He married (first) February 3, 1657-58, Ruth, 
daughter of William and Priscilla (MuUins) 
Alden, of the company of Mayflower Pilgrims. 
All the descendants of John and Ruth Bass 
are eligible to membership in the Mayflower 
Society. She died October •12, 1674. He mar- 
ried (second) September 21, 1675, Anne 
Sturtevant, of Plymouth. Children, born at 
Braintree : John, November 26, 1658 ; Samuel, 
mentioned below; Ruth, January 28, 1662; 
Joseph, December 5, 1665; Hannah, June 22, 
1667; Mary, February 11, 1669-70; Sarah, 
March 29, 1672-73. 

(HI) Samuel (2), son of John Bass, was 
born March 25, 1660. He married Mary 
(Adams) Webb, daughter of Joseph and Abi- 
gail Adams. 

(IV) Captain Jonathan Bass, son of Samuel 
(2) Bass, was born in 1695, died in 1783. He 
married Susanna By ram. Their daughter 
Mary married Hugh Orr, ancestor of Lusanna 
Keen, who married Rev. Edmund Addison 
Beaman (see Beaman VH). 

Robert Kilton, the immigrant 
KILTON ancestor, came from England, 

and settled in Providence, Rhode 
Island. He was a bricklayer by trade. In 
1690 he was among those in Captain Samuel 
Gallup's company in the expedition to Canada. 
On July 23, 169 1, he bought of Richard Smith, 
of Kings Town, four acres of land in Provi- 
dence, with buildings. On October 2, 1693, 
he borrowed thirty-five pounds for seven years 
of Pardon Tillinghast and mortgaged his house 
and land to him, giving him the use for seven 
years for the use of the money; any charges 
to be paid on the house for improvements etc. 
were to be paid by Kilton, and it was agreed 
that he should have the use of the house for 
six months after the seven years were ended, 
and that then Tillinghast should have it. On 
October 30, 1695, Tillinghast declared the 
agreement void and another was drawn up. 
On September 16, 1701, Tillinghast received 
the property, as Kilton had failed to make the 
payment. Robert Kilton married Bethiah, 
daughter of Arthur and Mehitable (Water- 
man) Fenner. Children; Thomas, mentioned 
below ; Samuel. 

(II) Thomas, son of Robett Kilton, was 
born at Providence, Rhode Island, January 17, 
1690, died there May 11, 1749, aged fifty-nine 
years. He was a cordwainer. He was made 
freeman in 1720. On August 24, 1714, he and 
his brother Samuel were deeded a house and 
land by Thomas Fenner. This was the estate 
which Fenner had bought from Tillinghast 
who had received it from Kilton through the 
mortgage. On April 25, 1716, he deeded to his 

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brother Samuel land which had been part of 
his father's land. His will was dated May 8, 
1749, and proved August 5, 1749, his wife 
Phebe being executrix. He left one hundred 
pounds to his daughter Phebe to be paid when 
she was fifteen years of age or when she mar- 
ried. His wife received the rest of his per- 
sonal estate and the use of the house. His 
five sons received the real estate. His wife's 
will was dated September 5, 1766, and proved 
November 24, 1765, her daughter Phebe being 
executrix. Thomas Kilton married, Septem- 
ber 13, 1716, Phebe, born August 4, 1700, died 
in 1766, daughter of John and Alice (Smith) 
Dexter. Children, born at Providence: Free- 
love, September 14, 1717 ; Joseph, June 2, 1723 ; 
Thomas, mentioned below; William, Novem- 
ber 12, 1727; -Stephen, February 16, 1730; 
James ; Phebe. 

(HI) Captain Thomas (2) Kilton, son of 
Thomas (i) Kilton, was bom in Providence, 
Rhode Island, September 17, 1725. He was 
a mariner, and in 1753 a vessel in his com- 
mand was wrecked during a gale on Cape Bre- 
ton. The unfortunate seamen were washed 
ashore and no sooner reached land than they 
were captured by savage Indians and mas- 
sacred. There was but one survivor of this 
wreck, the mate, living to tell the sad story. 
Among those who were killed was Sylvanus 
Hopkins, son of Stephen Hopkins, one of the 
signers of the Declaration of Independence. 
The widow of Captain Thomas Kilton, with 
her only child, taught in a school in Provi- 
dence of which Silas Downer was principal. 
She subsequently married him and had four 
daughters. He was a prominent man in the 
early history of Providence, where he deliv- 
ered a speech at the dedication of the Tree of 
Liberty ; he was of marked literary tastes and 
ability ; he was extravagant in money matters 
and in a short time squandered his wife's 
property, so that her son was compelled at 
an early age to depend on himself for a living. 
Thomas Kilton married Sarah Pearce, sister 
of Samuel Pearce, of Prudence Island; Sam- 
uel was the father of Dutee J. Pearce. Child, 
John Jenckes, mentioned below. 

(IV) John Jenckes, son of Captain Thomas 
(2) Kilton, was born in Providence, Rhode 
Island, March i, 1749, died February 28, 1824, 
aged seventy-five years. He learned the trade 
of a tailor at Providence and worked at it 
for the most of his life. He also carried on 
a farm. He served in the revolution, being 
one of those who disguised themselves as In- 
dians under John Brown, of Providence, in 
June, 1772, and boarded the British revenue 
sloop, "Gaspee,'' and set her on fire. He 
served on several occasions diuring the war. 

In 1778 he was in Sullivan's expedition to 
Rhode Island. In 1772 he moved from Provi- 
dence to Scituate, and later to Coventry, 
where he Uved on a farm a mile north of 
Washington. Here he spent the remainder of 
his life. He married, October 4, 1771, Sarah, 
born March 20, 1751, died December i, 1832, 
aged eighty-one years, daughter of Francis and 
Sarah (Philips) Bray ton. He and his wife 
were buried on a spot selected by him on his 
own farm as the family burying ground, and 
they are now buried in Woodland cemetery. 
Francis Brayton, father of Sarah, went with 
his elder brother, Thomas, when he was a boy, 
from Rhode Island to Washington, where they 
were first settlers. It was first named Bray- 
tontown, from them. He lived there until his 
death. May, 1784, aged sixty-three years; he, 
his wife, children and grandchildren, three in- 
fant sons of his daughter, Sarah (Brayton) 
•Kilton, are buried in the yard of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal church in Washington. Chil- 
dren of John J. Kilton : Sally, born November 
19, 1772; Thomas, February 12, 1774; Betsey 
Charlotte, December 13, 1775; Polly, July 29, 
1777; Thomas, July 20, 1779; Caleb, October 
6, 1781 ; Hannah, August 23, 1784; George 
Tibbits, May 6, 1786; John Jenckes, men- 
tioned below; William, April 21, 1790; Celia, 
May 4, 1792; Henrietta Calphurnia, June 7, 


(V) John Jenckes (2), son of John Jenckes 
(i) Kilton, was born January 24, 1788. He 
spent his childhood on his father's farm, at- 
tending the common schools, of which at one 
time his sister Betsey C. was a teacher. Later 
he went to the academy at Plainfield, Connec- 
ticut, for one or two terms. He worked on 
the farm for a time and then became an ap- 
prentice under his eldest brother, Thomas, 
while learning the trade of a carpenter, board- 
ing meanwhile with his family at Washington. 
Until he was more than forty years of age he 
worked as a carpenter and machinist, living in 
Arkwright, Rhode Island, for a part of the 
time. In April, 1829, he moved to Washing- 
ton where he was a machinist in the Washing- 
ton Manufacturing Company, whose mill was 
on the north side of the river, with four-fifths 
of the water power. After a time Mr. Kilton 
purchased the other fifth of the water power 
on the south side of the river and built a mill 
in 1 83 1. In 1832 he commenced weaving cot- 
ton cloth. His friends. Governor Elisha Har- 
ris and Mr. David Whitman, advised him to 
manufacture a style of goods which was unlike 
any other in the market. He followed their 
advice, using the best kind of cotton, carefully 
selected, and the Kilton sheeting soon acquired 
a wide reputation, so that the mill received 

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1 191 

orders faster than they could fill them. John 
J. Kilton married, in December, 1827, Jane, 
daughter of Alexander and Hannah (Bennet) 
McMurray: Children: John Jenckes, men- 
tioned below; Jane, born September 15, 1833, 
who died February 14, 1889, unmarried. 

(VI) John Jenckes (3), son of John 
Jenckes (2) Kilton, was born in the town 
of Coventry, Rhode Island, July 24, 1829, died 
November 10, 1901. He attended the public 
schools of his native town and the East Green- 
wich Academy. After leaving school he en- 
tered the cotton mill of his father and under 
the latter's instruction learned the business 
thoroughly. In the course of time he suc- 
ceeded his father in the management of the 
mills and thus continued until he retired from 
active business. He was prominent not only 
in business, but in public affairs. He held 
various offices of trust in the town and was 
for some years chairman of the Republican 
town committee. He represented the town in 
the general assembly of the state. In politics 
he was an active, earnest and leading Republi- 
can. Throughout his life he maintained a keen 
interest in both national and municipal politics. 
He was a member of Manchester Lodge, No. 
12, Free and Accepted Masons, of Anthony, 
Rhode Island; of Providence Chapter, No. i. 
Royal Arch Masons. 

He married, October 7, 1851, Emily Lewis, 
daughter of Job and Harriet (Brown) Hark- 
ness, granddaughter of Joseph and Mary 
Brown. Children, born at Coventry: Annie 
H., born May 31, 1853, resides at the old home- 
stead, unmarried; Walter Alexander, men- 
tioned below ; Byron, bom November 24, 1859, 
living in California; Mary Clarke, born May 
5, 1&53, resides at the old homestead in the 
town of Washington, immarried. 

(VII) Walter Alexander, son of John 
Jenckes (3) Kilton, was born at Coventry, 
Rhode Island, April 20, 1856. He received his 
early education in the public schools of his 
native town and at the Highland Military 
Academy of Worcester, Massachusetts, grad*- 
uating in the class of 1877. He taught school 
for three years at Anthony, Rhode Island. He 
was appointed postmaster of Washington, 
Rhode Island, in 1881, by President Chester 
A. Arthur, continuing in that office for two 
years, when he resigned, and subsequently 
came to Providence on March 5, 1883, as a 
clerk in the post office, a position that he filled 
until 1891, when he was promoted to the posi- 
tion of acting superintendent of mails, and 
afterward became superintendent. In 1901 he 
was made assistant postmaster of Providence 
by appointment of Postmaster Clinton D. Sel- 
lew. Mr. Kilton was appointed postmaster at 


Providence, Rhode Island, February 17, 1909, 
by President Roosevelt, and since then he has 
filled that responsible office with ability and 
discretion, to the entire satisfaction of the de- 
partment and the general public. His long 
training in the postal service eminently quali- 
fied him for the position. In politics he is a 
Republican. Mr. Kilton is a member of Man- 
chester Lodge, No. 12, Free and Accepted 
Masons, of Anthony, Rhode Island ; of Provi- 
dence Chapter, No. i, Royal Arch Masons, of 
Providence; of Providence Council, No. i. 
Royal and Select Masters; of Calvary Com- 
mandery. No. 13, Knights Templar; of Pales- 
tine Temple, Mystic Shrine, and of the Pom- 
ham Club oit Providence. 

He married (first) June 20, 1883, Laura R. 
Waldo. He married (second) November 26, 
1898, Mary E. McEUiott. Child by first wife: 
Helen H., born January 27, 1890. Child by 
second wife : Walter A. Jr., bom July 3, 1908. 

The surname Stearns, Sternes, 
STEARNS Sterns, Strans, etc., are un- 
doubtedly corruptions or vari- 
ations of the English family name Sterne, a 
well-known name in the counties of Notting- 
ham, Berks, Norfolk, Suffolk and Cambridge, 
England. Of the Sterne family, the oldest 
coat-of-arms is : Or, a chevron between three 
crosses flory sable. Crest: A cock straling 
ppr. These arms were borne by the Arch- 
bishop of York (1664-83). Other families 
of the name had devices slightly varied from 
this one. 

(I) Isaac Stearns, the immigrant ancestor 
of the family, probably from the parish of 
Nayland, Suffolkshire, embarked for America, 
April 8, 1630, on the ship "Arabella,*' in which 
came also Rev. George Phillips, Sir Richard 
Saltonstall and Governor Winthrop. Four 
ships sailed together from Yarmouth, Eng- 
land; the "Arabella" arrived at Salem, Mas- 
sachusetts, June 12, 1630. The pioneers were 
not satisfied with that place, and they pro- 
ceeded to what is now Charlestown, Massa- 
chusetts, and Watertown, Massachusetts, 
where most of them settled. Isaac Stearns had 
a homestall at Watertown in 1642, bounded on 
the north by land of John Warren, west by 
the highway, south by land of John Biscoe, 
east by Pequssett Meadow, a part of which he 
also owned. In the distribution of the estate 
of his son Samuel in 1724, this homestall 
"where his grandfather had lived" was as- 
signed to his son Nathaniel. He was ad- 
mitted a freeman, May 18, 163 1, and was se- 
lectman for several years. In 1647 he and Mr. 
Biscoe were appointed by the selectmen "to 
consider how the bridge over the river shall 

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1 192 


be built, and to agree with the workmen for 
doing it, according to their best discretion/* 
This is the first mention of a bridge over the 
Charles river at Watertown. He acquired a 
large estate for his day, leaving fourteen par- 
cels of land amounting to four hundred and 
sixty-seven acres. He died June 28, 1671. 
His will, dated five days before his death, 
mentioned his children and others. He mar- 
ried Mary, daughter of John and Margaret 
Barker, of Stoke, Nayland, SuflFolkshire, Eng- 
land. She died April 2, 1677. Children: 
Mary, baptized January 6, 1626, at Nayland; 
Hannah, baptized October 5, 1628, in Eng- 
land ; John mentioned below ; Isaac Jr., born 
January 6, 1633; Sarah, born September 22, 
1636 ; Samuel, born April 24, 1638 ; Elizabeth, 
born 1640; Abigail, married Deacon John 

(II) John, son of Isaac Stearns, born about 
1631, was one of the first settlers of Billerica, 
Massachusetts. He married (first) in 1653, 
Sarah, daughter of Isaac and Sarah Mixer, 
of Watertown, to whom her father bequeathed 
among other things "one-half of my vessel, 
Dilligent." She died June 4, 1656, leaving one 
child. He married (second) December 20, 
1656, Mary Lothrop, of Barnstable. He died 
March 5, 1668, and his widow married (sec- 
ondi) May 6, 1669, Captain William French, 
of Billerica, by whom she had a child. Cap- 
tain French died, and she married (third) 
June 29, 1684, Isaac Mixer, of Watertown, a 
brother of her husband's first wife. She was 
living, very aged, as late as 1735. Child of 
John and Sarah Stearns : John, mentioned be- 
low. Children of John and Mary Stearns: 
Isaac, born April 17, 1658, died October 9, 
1659; Samuel, September 3, 1659; Isaac, De- 
cember 23, 1661 ; Nathaniel, November 30, 
1663 : Thomas, December 6, 1665. 

(III) Lieutenant John (2) Stearns, son of 
John ( I ) Stearns, was born in Billerica, Mas- 
sachusetts, the second child born and recorded 
there, May, the second week, 1654. He mar- 
ried (first) September 6, 1676, Elizabeth Bige- 
low, born June 15, 1657, died April 18, 1^4, 
daughter of John and Mary (Warren) Bige- 
low, of Watertown. He married (second) 
April 22, 1696, in Maiden, Massachusetts, Mrs. 
Joanna (Call) Parker, widow of Jacob Parker, 
and daughter of Thomas Jr. and Joanna 
(Shepherdson) Call. He was much respected 
and had much influence among his townsmen. 
He died October 26, 1728, and his widow died 
December 4, 1737, aged seventy-eight. He 
was lieutenant of the Billerica militia company. 
Children of Lieutenant John and Elizabeth 
Stearns: Elizabeth, born September 23, 1677, 
in Watertown ; John, January 22, 1679-80, in 

Billerica, died April 4, 1679-80; Sarah, March 
21, 1680-82; Mary, July 23, 1684; John, men- 
tioned below; Isaac, May i, 1689, shipwrecked 
and lost in the expedition to Fort Royal in 
171 1 ; Abigail, August 22, 1691 ; Samuel, Jan- 
uary 8, 1693-94. Child by second wife: 
Joanna, born June 24, 1697. 

(IV) John (3), son of Lieutenant John 

(2) Stearns, was born in Billerica, Massachu- 
setts. xVovember 26, 1686, died August 2, 1776. 
He married, in 1715, Esther Johnson, born in 
January, 1691, died April 13, 1786, daughter 
of Captain Edward Johnson, of Woburn, 
granddaughter of William Johnson, and great- 
granddaughter of Captain Edward Johnson, 
of Woburn. Children: Esther, born Novem- 
ber 9, 1716, died February 20, 1717; John, 
May 2J, 1719; Esther, June 6, 1720; Isaac, 
June 16, 1722; Joanna, July 29, 1724; Edward, 
mentioned below; Benjamin, November 21, 
1729; Rev. Josiah, January 20, 1731-32; Wil- 
liam, December 11, 1733, died July, 1734; 
Timothy, August 15, 1737. 

(V) Captain Edward Stearns, son of John 

(3) Stearns, was born at Billerica, Massachu- 
setts, May 9, 1726, died June 11, 1793* He 
lived in Billerica and Bedford, Massachusetts. 
He served in the revolution, and was in the 
fight at Concord, Massachusetts, in 1775. 
When Captain Jonathan Wilson, who mar- 
ried Edward's cousin. Elizabeth Stearns 
Bacon, was killed at Lexington, April 19, 1775, 
Edward Stearns received his command, and 
later it was confirmed, but he declined to con- 
tinue in it. He married. May 9, 1755, Lucy 
Wyman, born August 23, 1733, daughter of 
Thomas and Rachel (Crosby-Stearns) Wy- 
man ; Rachel Crosby was daughter of Joseph 
and Sarah (French) Crosby, married (first) 
Spmuel Stearns, son of John and Elizabeth 
(Bigelow) Stearns, and married (second) 
Thomas Wyman. Lucy (Wyman) Stearns 
died November 28, 1802. Children: Lucy, 
born May 24. 1756, died May 20, 1768; Solo- 
mon, May 12, 1757; Rachel, November 3, 
1758; Edward, January 10, 1761, died May 24, 
1768: Susanna, December 19, 1762; Alice, Au- 
gust 13, 1764; Abner, mentioned below; Lieu- 
tenant Edward, June 25, 1768; Elijah, May 
2, 1770; Simeon, April 17, 1772. 

(VI) Captain Abner Stearns, son of Cap- 
tain Edward Stearns, was born July 9, 17615, 
died December 11, 1838. He lived in West 
Cambridge, and was a machinist by trade. 

Abner Stearns was about nine years of age at the 
beginning of the Revolutionary War and was sleep- 
ing beside his brother, Solomon, when they were 
awakened at an early hour of April 19, 1775, by 
their father, Lieutenant Edward Stearns, who 
announced that the British were coming. Distinctly 

Digitized by 



1 193 

the reports of the musketry were heard, during the 
engagement, as they were wafted on the breezes of 
that April morning. He often entertained his fam- 
ily, in after life, with descriptions of his feelings 
on that day, and, of the activity of each member of 
the family old enough for service, in preparing 
food, running bullets and making cartridges. This 
experience developed his military inclinations and 
he became prominent in the militia of the State. 
His commission as ensign of the Bedford county 
militia, dated October 17, 1793, bears the signature 
of Samuel Adams upon it, and is treasured, with 
many other military papers, by his descendants. 
He was also a mechanical genius and of an inventive 
turn of mind. He planned a machine for splitting 
leather, started a woolen factory, a grist mill and a 
machine for preparing dye-goods, also, ran a fulling- 
mill and a spinning-jenney of seventy-two spindles. 
The impression made upon the business world and 
in the mechanical arts by Captain Abner Stearns, 
and his family, is of national repute. 

Captain Stearns married (first) May i, 
1796, Anna Hill, born May 11, 1777, daughter 
of Jonathan and Sarah (Stevens-Whiting) 
Hill, of Billerica. She died October 22, 1807. 
He married (second) June 30, 1808, Mrs. 
Anne Estabrook, bom January 27, 1780, 
wTdow of John Estabrook, and daughter of 
Thomas Russell, Esq., of West Cambridge. 
She died November 29, 1839, and they were 
buried in Shawshine cemetery. Children : Ab- 
ner Jr., born April i, 1797; Mary Ann Hill, 
May 23, 1809; Edward Harrison, December 
16, 1814; George Sullivan, mentioned below; 
Albert Thomas, April 23, 1821 ; Henry Au- 
gustus, mentioned below. 

(VH) George Sullivan, son of Captain Ab- 
ner Stearns, was born at Billerica, Massachu- 
setts, May 17, 1816. He attended the public 
schools and the Phillips Academy at Andover, 
Massachusetts. When he was eighteen years 
old, he went west to engage in the mill and 
lumber business. In 1840 he was at Cincin- 
nati, Ohio, engaged in printing and stereotyp- 
ing. He stereotyped the first copy of the Mor- 
mon Bible. He also engaged in the manufac- 
ture of printing inks and became the leading 
manufacturer in this industry. In 1849, ^" 
partnership with his brother Henry A., he 
established the cotton wadding business, now 
one of the oldest industries of Cincinnati, the 
present name being The Stearns & Foster 
Company. The Dominion Wadding Company, 
of Montreal, Canada, was later reorganized by 
members of the Stearns-Foster & Union Wad- 
ding Company, each having an equal interest. 
His business prospered and he became one of 
the most substantial citizens of Cincinnati. He 
built a fine residence at Wyoming, Ohio, and 
was one of the founders, elder and trustee of 
the Presbyterian church there. He died at 
Wyoming, November 24, 1889. The Cincin- 
fuUi Commercial'Ga:sette in an obituary notice 

said of him : "He was a rich man, but he has 
left something better than gold to those who 
mourn his death ; he loved honorable labor and 
died in the harness. Multitudes will mourn 
his death and revere the memory of George 
Sullivan Stearns." 

He married. May 30, 1844, Amelia, daugh- 
ter of William and (Seymour) Ste- 
phenson, of Hartford, Connecticut^ the former 
named a native of England. Children: i. 
George Herbert, born March 14, 1845; ^^i^- 
ried, April 15, 1874, Isabella M. Weld, of Bos- 
ton ; children : George Minot, born August 20, 
1876, attended St. John's Military Academy at 
Manlius, New York ; Mabel, born October 18, 
1877; Gordon, bom November 20, 1880. 2. 
Edwin Russell, mentioned below. 3. Alfred 
Monroe, born January 29, 1849; was treasurer 
and manager of the Locke Lumber Company ; 
married, April 18, 1872, Elizabeth Palmer; 
children: Greta, born January 9, 1875, mar- 
ried Boyden Kinsey; Clayton Pahner, born 
June 24, 1879, secretary of the Locke Lumber 

Company, married Metcalf. 4. Anna 

Russell, born April 7, 185 1, died May 13, 1852. 
5. Helen Foster, born January 12, 1853; mar- 
ried, January 19, 1882, Josiah Dwight; chil- 
dren: Charlotte, born July 4, 1883, married 
Frank Wilcox; Russell Stearns, born Septem- 
ber I, 1885, married Martha Hopple, of Cin- 
cinnati; Anna, born May i, 1891 ; Harold, 
born January 4, 1892, now a member of the 
Sheffield Scientific School at Yale College. 6. 
Amelia G., born June 5, 1855 ; married, March 
25, 1879, Rufus Allen Cowing; children: 
George, married Irene Wagner; Ruth Law- 
rence, married George Scott, of Chicago, now 
a professor at Hampton Institute, Virginia; 
Mildred; Amy Louise. 7. William Stephen- 
son, born April 10, 1857; married, June 22, 
1881, Mecia Lena Stout; children: Margaret 
Rose, born May 31, 1882, died October 14, 
1886; Lucy Stephenson, born March i, 1886, 
married Pierson D. Keyes; Kirk, attending 
school; Harriet, born August 19, 1889, mar- 
ried Joseph Green, a professor of Columbia 
College, and died in 1912 on her wedding trip. 
8. Harold English, manager of the Dominion 
Wadding Company, of Montreal, Canada; 
married Eleanor Curtis ; one son, Arthur, who 
died aged eighteen years. 

(VII) Hon. Henry Augustus Stearns, son 
of Captain Abner Stearns, was born at Bil- 
lerica, Massachusetts, October 23, 1825. He 
attended the public schools and for two years 
was a student at Phillips Academy, Andover. 
He engaged in the manufacture of cotton wad- 
ding when the business was in its "infancy. He 
went to California, by way of the Isthmus of 
Panama, with machinery for a steam laundry. 

Digitized by 


1 194 


The vessel in which he sailed proved unsea- 
worthy and floated about on the Pacific Ocean 
for four months. When the vessel reached 
port the passengers and crew were suffering 
from lack of food and water, and Mr. Stearns 
was a physical wreck. After he recovered his 
normal health, he established his laundry, the 
first operated by steam power in California. 
He also conducted the first regular steam ferry 
between San Francisco and Oakland. When 
he returned east he resumed the manufacture 
of cotton wadding. In i860 he became super- 
intendent of the wadding mill of Cranston & 
Brownell, of Pawtucket, of which Mr. Goff 
was a partner, afterward the Union Wadding 
Company, and he remained superintendent of 
this company until his death. Mr. Steams was 
a mechanical genius and received patents on 
cotton gins and the railway safety gate. He 
was the largest stockholder of the Kilby Manu- 
facturing Company of Cleveland, owned a 
cattle ranch in New Mexico, and was finan- 
cially interested in various other concerns. In 
1891 he was elected lieutenant-governor of 
Rhode Island. He was a member and liberal 
supporter of the Central Falls Congregational 

He married, June 26, 1856, Kate Falconer, 
of Hamilton, Ohio. Children: i. Deshler Fal- 
coner, born August 7, 1857, deceased; mar- 
ried and they had one child. 2. George Rus- 
sell, born January 19, i860; married and has 
children. 3. Walter Henry, born January 3, 
1862; married, June 5, 1890, Abby Harris 
Razee. 4. Kate Russell, born July 21, 1864. 
5. Charles Falconer, born July 'zy^ 1866 grad- 
uated at Amherst College, 1888, and later be- 
came attorney-general of Rhode Island. 6. 
Henry Foster, born March 3, 1868. 7. Anna 
Russell, born January 4, 1873, died February 
7, 1874. 8. Caroline Cranston, born January 
18, 1875 ; now of Boston, Massachusetts. 

(VIII) Edwin Russell, son of George Sul- 
livan Stearns, was born at Cincinnati, Ohio, 
January 10, 1847. He attended the public 
schools of his native city, was graduated from 
the Woodward high school, then entered the 
famous Hopkins grammar school at New 
Haven, where he completed his preparation 
. for college, and in 1866 entered Yale College, 
from which he was graduated in the class of 
1870 with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. He 
spent a year in foreign travel, and then be- 
came associated in business with his father at 
Cincinnati in 1872. The business was incor- 
porated in 1882 as the Stearns-Foster Com- 
pany, manufacturers of cotton wadding, bat- 
ting and felt mattresses. The mills and ware- 
houses are at Lockland, Ohio. The officers of 
the company are: Seth C. Foster, president; 

William S. Stearns, vice-president; Edwin R. 
Stearns, treasurer; William R. Foster, secre- 
tary. Mr. Stearns is president of the Lock- 
land Lumber Company of Lockland, Ohio. 
He is a director of the First National JBank of 
Cincinnati; member of the Business Men's 
Club of that city and of the Queen City Club; 
president of the Children's Home, of which 
he was formerly secretary, afterward secretary 
and treasurer until 1890, when he was elected 
president, and he has been active in the work 
of this charity for more than thirty years; 
trustee of Berea College, Berea, Kentucky, and 
chairman of its investment committee. In poli- 
tics he is an Independent. 

He married, June 14, 1883 Luella, bom 
March 10, 1864, daughter of Caleb B. and 
Luella Lusaida (Horton) Evans. Her mother 
came from Long Island, New York. Chil- 
dren: I. Dorothy Amelia, born December 28, 
1885, in Cincinnati ; married A. Lee Thurman, 
of Columbus, Ohio. 2. Evans Foster, born 
October 9, 1889, at Denver. 3. (Jeorge Sulli- 
van, born October 14, 1891, at Denver, died 
July 18, 1907. 4. Exiwin Russell Jr., deceased. 

Through the greater part of the 
DEMING century but recently closed 
there has resided at Providence 
a branch of the old Connecticut family of 
Demings, here made prominent through the 
achievements of the late Hon. Richard H. 
Deming, citizen, soldier, member of both 
branches of the city government, park and 
police commissioner, and to whose conspicuous 
services for a decade in connection with the 
public park system, to his untiring efforts and 
large public spirit the citizens of this and 
future generations are and long wi-11 be indebt- 
ed for superior advantages in the line of public 

A native of the city of Providence, the late 
Commissioner Deming descended from John 
Deming, one of the prominent early settlers of 
Wethersfield, who repeatedly from that town 
was a member of the colonial assembly be- 
tween 1649 and 1667, and was one of the nine- 
teen, including his father-in-law, Richard 
Treat, to whom the charter of Connecticut was 
granted in 1662. In the maternal line he de- 
scends from John Daggett, of Watertown, 
there as early as 1630, later at other points, 
and who became prominent in the early set- 
tling of Rehoboth, representing that town in 
1648 in the colonial assembly. 

(I) John Deming, the emigrant ancestor, 
was early of Wethersfield, probably among the 
first settlers in 1635, where his homestead is 
recorded as a house, a barn and five acres of 
land. He was a deputy to the general court 

Digitized by 



1 195 

in 1657 as John Deming, and in the following 
year as John Dement, his name appearing vari- 
ously spelled. He continued as deputy until 
1667, under various names, Deming prevailing 
at the last. He was one of the nineteen named 
in the famous charter of Connecticut, granted 
by King Charles to them and to those who 
should afterward be associated with them. 
That John Deming was a prominent man in 
the affairs of the Connecticut colony cannot be 
doubted, and his apparent association by kin- 
ship and friendship with those regarded as the 
founders of New England indicate him to have 
been a man of more than ordinary intelligence 
as well as of some education. He married 
Honor, daughter of Richard Treat, and their 
children were : John, of whom further ; Jona- 
than, bom about 1639; Rachel, bom about 
1644; Samuel, born about 1646; Mary, bom 
about 1648; Daniel, born about 1652; Sarah, 
bom about 1654; Ebenezer, born about 1659. 

(H) John (2), son of John (i) and Honor 
(Treat) Deming, was bom September 9, 1638, 
died January 23, 171 2, in Wethersfield, Con- 
necticut. He was known as Sergeant John Dem- 
ing, the title indicating that he may have taken 
part in the Indian wars of that period. From 
1669 to 1672 he was a representative in the 
general court. On December 12, 1657, in 
Northampton, Massachusetts, he married 
Mary, daughter of Joseph and Ann Mygatt. 
Their children were: John, born September 9, 
1658; Joseph, June i, 1661 ; Jonathan, Febru- 
ary 12, 1663; Mary, July, 1666; Samuel, Au- 
gust 25, 1668; Jacob, of whom further; Sarah, 
January 17, 1672; Hezekiah, 1680. 

(HI) Jacob, son of John (2) and Mary 
(Mygatt) Deming, was born in Wethersfield, 
August 26, 1670, died probably in 1712. He 
settled in Hartford, where the birth of his 
first child is recorded. On March 14, 1695, he 
married, in Hartford, Connecticut, Elizabeth, 
born about 1675, daughter of Richard and 
Elizabeth (Tuttle) Edwards. Their children 
of Hartford birth were: Jacob, born March 
24, 1696; Timothy, of whom further; Abigail, 
January 21, 1700; Lemuel, 1702. 

f IV) Timothy, son of Jacob and Elizabeth 
(Edwards) Deming, born March 26, 1698, was 
a resident of East Hartford, in which town he 
first appeared in 1736. He had previously 
lived in Glastonbury, where he last appeared 
in the land records in 1736. His wife. Thank- 
ful (Risley) Deming, died before September, 
1777. Their children were: Lucy, born in 
1733, died in 1814; Lemuel; Israel, baptized 
October 29, 1749; David, of whom further; 
Ruth, married John Riley, of Wethersfield. 
. (V) David, son of Timothy and Thankful 
(Risley) Deming, baptized October 20, 1751, 

in East Hartford, Connecticut, died at sea in 
October, 1795. Like most of the Demings 
of East Hartford he was a seaman, and be- 
came master of a vessel, whence came his title 
of captain. His wife Anne (last name un- 
known) bore him children as follows: Anne, 
baptized October 18, 1778, died April, 1785; 
Mary (Molly), baptized February 6, 1780; 
Elizabeth (Betsey), baptized March 25, 1781; 
David Abby, of whom further; Susan, bap- 
tized November 23, 1783; Wait, baptized May 
14, 1786; Timothy, baptized April 2J, 1788; 
Anne, baptized November i, 1789; Jude, bap- 
tized October 16, 1791 ; Lydia, baptized No- 
vember 23, 1794; Sarah (Sally), baptized April 
17, 1796. 

(VI) David Abby, son of David and Anne 
Deming, was baptized November 17, 1782, in 
East Hartford, died April 23, 1857. He was 
a carriage-maker and wheelwright by trade. 
On September 14, 1808, he married Chloe, 
baptized April 20, 1788, died in East Hartford, 
February 16, 1867, daughter of Ashael and 
Naomi (Loomis) Olmstead. Children: Henry 
Olmstead, of whom further; Junius, born July 
II, 1812; Horace Pitkin, January i, 1815. 

(VII) Henry Olmstead, son of David Abby 
and Chloe (Olmstead) Deming, was born July 
II, 1809, in East Hartford, Connecticut, died 
there November 11, 1874. In May, 1841, he 
married Abby Frances, born in March, 1821, 
died May 21, 1887, daughter of Robert and 
Mary (Bolton) Daggett. To this union was 
born one son, Richard Henry, of whom fur- 

(VIII) Richard Henry, son of Henry Olm- 
stead and Abby Frances (Daggett) Deming, 
was bom August 24, 1842, on Benefit street, 
just opposite the old State House, Providence, 
Rhode Island. He attended the public schools 
of the city, and also a private school in East 
Hartford, Connecticut, the home of his grand- 
father. Returning to Providence in 1861, fired 
by the patriotism of the stirring scenes of the 
breaking out and early stages of the civil war, 
which called out thousands of the youth of our 
land in defense of their country, he enlisted in 
the First Rhode Island Volunteers, under the 
then Colonel Burnside, who made young Dem- 
ing sergeant of a company of sharpshooters. 
He was first sergeant in Company D, First 
Rhode Island Light Artillery, from September 
4, 1861, to December 4, 1861. His military 
experience, however, was but brief, owing to 
an illness contracted after leaving Providence, 
which caused him to return home. He was 
also enlisted in Battery B, Third Artillery. He 
entered the office of a cotton broker, Thomas 
Abbott, on South Water street, as a clerk, and 
here he remained two years, and in 1868 he 

Digitized by 


1 196 


entered into business with George H. Hop- 
pin, the firm becoming George H. Hoppin & 
Deming. Mr. Deming in the course of time 
became the seyior member of the firm, the 
name then being changed to R. H. Deming & 
Company, with J. Herbert Foster as the junior 
partner, and under that name the concern was 
located at No. 10 South Water street as long 
as he was in business. 

It was, however, by his work on the park 
board that Mr. Deming was best known, al- 
though he served in both branches of the city 
council. He represented the seventh ward in 
the common . council from 1889 to 1891, and 
served one year in the board before taking his 
position on the board of park commissioners. 
As an organizer of men Mr. Deming displayed 
marked ability. When the large tract of land 
surrounding CuniflF's Pond was added to 
Roger Williams Park some years before Mr. 
Deming's death, it was Chairman Deming who 
laid out the plans for the improvement of that 
property, and during the term of office of 
Mayor McGuinness he kept several hundred 
laborers employed in a systematic manner, 
when the men could not obtain employment in 
any other way because of business depression. 
When the office of police commissioner was 
provided for the city of Providence, about a 
year prior to the death of Mr. Deming, the 
latter was elected to the second position, his 
work as chairman of the park board from the 
time he was appointed a member of that body 
in 1891 having fitted him well for these new 
duties, and his record as a police commissioner 
showed the wisdom of his selection. He re- 
organized the entire police force on more effi- 
cient lines. 

In the financial life of Providence, Mr. Dem- 
ing was a director of several banks, including 
both the Traders' and the Eagle National 
banks. He was also one of the most promi- 
nent members of the Board of Trade, of which 
he was president for two or three terms, and 
he had been closely identified with it from its 
inception. Among social organizations he was 
a member of Adelphoi Lodge, No. 33, of Ma- 
sons, and of Palestine Temple, Mystic Shrine ; 
of the Hope, Central and West Side clubs, and 
the Squantum Association, and was at one 
time vice-president of the last named asso- 
ciation. As a business man Mr. Deming was 
most highly regarded, in his social relations 
he had the esteem and respect of all, and as a 
citizen he was honored not only by election as 
stated to both branches of the city council, but 
was also of inestimable service to the city of 
Providence as a park commissioner, and as a 
member of the board of police commissioners. 
His services upon the latter board, which were 

terminated only by his untimely death, were all 
too short for him to accomplish all that he had 
set out to do, but as a park commissioner his 
executive ability had borne abundant fruit in 
the development of the park system to the ex- 
cellence that is today displayed. He was a 
staunch Republican, and was twice offered the 
office of mayor at the hands of both the Re- 
publican and Democratic parties, and once was 
urged for governor on the same plan. 

Mr. Deming died at his home in Providence, 
December 14, 1902, when in the sixty-first 
year of his age, and on the event the Provi- 
dence Journal of the following morning said 
editorially : "Mr. Richard H. Deming did much 
to make Providence a good place to live in, 
and his death leaves both the police commis- 
sion and the park commission in a weakened 
condition, for he was responsible for a very 
large share of the excellent service rendered 
by both boards. It will be difficult to fill his 
place with as able a citizen ; perhaps it will be 
impossible." There stands in Roger Williams 
Park a bust in bronze of Mr. Deming, erected 
by the city of Providence. 

Mr. Deming married, in 1868, Sarah, daugh- 
ter of Matthew and Sarah (Potter) Sweet, of 
Providence. They had three children : i. Henry 
Bolton, of whom further. 2. Maud Sweet, 
born November 4, •1871; married Joseph A. 
Fowler; child, Jeanette. 3. Grace Margaret, 
born August 16, 1873 ; married, December 18, 
1895, Howard Greene, born November 23, 
1870; children: Eleanor Greene, born April 
30, 1899 ; Richard Deming, bom November 22, 
1900. Mrs. Sarah (Sweet) Deming, the 
mother, died in December, 1891. 

(IX) Henry Bolton, son of Richard Henry 
and Sarah (Sweet) Deming, was born May 26, 
1869. He attended the Providence high school, 
and then left his native city and went to Selma, 
Alabama, with David Partridge, to learn the 
cotton business, in 1889. He remained south 
until 1891, and then went from Selma to Mem- 
phis, Tennessee. There entering into partner- 
ship with Elias W. Porter, he organized the 
firm of Porter, Deming & Company, who were 
buyers and sellers of cotton. For fifteen years 
he continued in this connection, which proved 
most successful. In 1906 Mr, Deming return- 
ed to Providence, and there started a line of 
business for himself, under the name of H. B. 
Deming & Company, cotton brokers. He is a 
member of the Agawam Hunt Club and the 
Hope Qub. 

Mr. Deming married (first) June 15, 1892, 
Antoinette, born in 1871, died in 1893, daugh- 
ter of the late Charles R. Brayton. He mar- 
ried (second) November 15, 1895, Elizabeth, 
born in 1870, died in 1906, daughter of the 

Digitized by 



1 197 

late Dr. Dudley Dunn Saunders, of Memphis, 
Tennessee. He married (third) November 15, 
1910, Sarah Babcock, daughter of the late 
Robert E. Babcock, of Providence. Child by 
first marriage: Percival Brayton, bom April, 
1893. Child by second marriage: Richard 
Henry (2), born in 1900, died in 1907. 

John Brooks, the immigrant 

BROOKS ancestor of this family in 
America, was born in England 
about 1720, perhaps earlier. He settled in 
New York state before the revolution and 
lived at Skenesboro, now Whitehall, New 
York. He had three sons, of whom Samuel is 
mentioned below. 

( n) Samuel, son of John Brooks, was born 
about 1740-45 in New York state. Early in 
June, 1786, Samuel Stewart and Eden John- 
son began the settlement of the town of Bristol, 
Addison county, Vermont, at wh^t was then 
called Pocock. Johnson came by land, driving 
the cattle while Stewart came by boat up the 
lake, with the household goods and families of 
both. Other settlers came from the same sec- 
tion; among them was Samuel Brooks. Ac- 
cording to the first federal census, Samuel 
Brooks was living at Bristol in 1790, and had 
in his family three males over sixteen, three 
under that age and five females. His son, 
Samuel Jr., had but one female, doubtless his 
wife. Samuel Brooks surveyed a large tract 
of land in Addison county and cleared a large 
farm in Bristol. The original farm is still 
owned by his direct descendants. Besides 
Samuel, he had a son John, mentioned below, 
and doubtless other children. 

(HI) John (2), son of Samuel Brooks, was 
born in Bristol, Vermont, or in New York 

state, 1780-90. He married Hawkins, 

a descendant of Colonel Hawkins, of the revo- 
lutionary war. Children : Cyrus Stearns, men- 
tioned below; Sarah, Lucinda, Eliza, Elvira, 
Martha, Samuel, Henry. 

(IV) Cyrus Stearns, son of John (2) 
Brooks, was born in Bristol, Vermont, in 1812, 
died in i860. He was educated in the district 
schools. In 1848 he removed from Bristol to 
Orleans county. New York. He followed 
farming and shoemaking and established him- 
self in business as a dealer in boots and shoes 
at Shelby, Orleans county, New York, and be- 
came one of the leading merchants and most 
prominent citizens of that town and county, 
but after about two years he removed west- 
ward and settled in Wheelersburg, Scioto 
county, Ohio. Here his stay was brief, how- 
ever, and two years later he returned to Shelby. 
He married Sophia, daughter of Levi arid 
Martha (Eddy) Hasseltine. Children: Wil- 

liam Cullen, born in Bristol, in 1836, married 
Eliza Hutton, now living in Portsmouth, Ohio; 
Edwin Cyrus, born in Bristol, 1838, now living 
in Ironton, Ohio; Levi Hasseltine, mentioned 

(V) Levi Hasseltine, son of Cyrus Stearns 
Brooks, was born in Bristol, Vermont, May 
18, 1840. He removed with his parents in 
1848 to Orleans county, New York, and at- 
tended the public schools there, and graduated 
fiorh the Shelby high school. At the age of 
sixteen he started upon his career in business 
as a clerk in a grocery store. The family at 
that time was in moderate circumstances and 
he saved his earnings for further schooling, 
working hard by day and studying hard at 
night. At the end of the year he entered the 
Albion Academy at Albion, Orleans county, 
New York. After two years of study there, 
he began to teach school at Portsmouth, Ohio, 
and remained there four years. He returned 
to business life as clerk on a steamboat plying 
on the Ohio river, and remained in this posi- 
tion five years, serving his employers in every 
capacity from clerk to captain. During this 
period he was licensed as a pilot by the United 
States government, and this license was one 
of the cherished mementoes of his early life. 
His ambition to advance in business led him 
to leave the pleasant life on the steamboat and 
accept, the position of secretary and treasurer 
of the Planters' Tobacco Warehouse. At the 
end of a year he was admitted to partnership 
in the business and continued in that line until 
1872. At that time he sold his share in the 
concern and formed a partnership with Wil- 
liam Waterfield under the name of the Globe 
Tobacco Warehouse. To this business he 
brought a thorough knowledge of the details 
acquired by his former experience, consum- 
mate business ability, energy and ambition. 
The business prospered and grew rapidly and 
in 1883 the capacity of the warehouse had to 
be increased, and after buying the adjoining 
property the firm erected the largest tobacco 
warehouse in the world. The firm was re- 
organized at this time under the name of The 
Brooks-Waterfield Company, and incorpor- 
ated. From that time Mr. Brooks was presi- 
dent of the company. In 1888 Mr. Waterfield 
died, leaving his share of the business to his 
widow. The business continued to grow, hold- 
ing the foremost place among the tobacco mer- 
chants of the world. 

Mr. Brooks never lost his interest in the 
river transportation business in which he be- 
gan his career and up to the time of his death 
he owned stock in various steamboat com- 
panies. The steamer "Levi H. Brooks,'' named 
for him by a friend, is one of the fastest and 

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1 198 


best steamboats on the Ohio river. Mr. 
Brooks was president of the Coney Island 
Park Company, which developed a strip of one 
hundred and twelve acres of beautiful country, 
ten miles from the city of Cincinnati, into a 
beautiful amusement park, to which five or 
six thousand persons resort daily during the 
season. This company owns two of the finest 
river steamboats afloat, plying between the 
park and the city. He was also vice-president 
of the Interurban Railroad Company of 'Cin- 
cinnati, a corporation operating ninety-seven 
miles of electric street railways. He was a 
director of the Second National Bank of Cin- 
cinnati; president of the Petyibone Brothers 
Manufacturing Company of Cincinnati; presi- 
dent of the Smith Kasson Company, of which 
his son, Charles Grandin Brooks, is secretary, 
and his son-in-law, Henry C. Kasson, is one 
of the managers. Mr. Brooks was also presi- 
dent of the Coney Island Wharf Boat Com- 

Mr. Brooks was an active and prominent 
Free Mason, being raised to the degree of 
master mason in 1864 in Buckeye Lodge, No. 
150, at New Richmond, Ohio, after which he 
took the other degrees, including the thirty- 
second in Scottish Rite Masonry, and held 
active membership in the Chapter, Council and 
Commandery, being also a Shriner. His other 
lodges were the Benevolent and Protective 
Order of Elks and the Knights of Pythias. 
His club was the Cuvier-Press Club. He was 
for several years president of the Cincinnati 
Chamber of Commerce, an honor that comes 
only to the ablest and most influential. 

He had an artistic and beautiful residence 
in Covington, and was devoted to his home and 
family, entertaining generously. He possessed 
a magnificent library and was very fond of 
music. In his career was exemplified the rise 
to wealth and power of the American citizen, 
starting without capital and with no advantage 
but his own ability, good judgment and ambi- 
tion. He was a typical self-made man of the 
finest sort, trained to modern business methods, 
broadened by contact with an alert, enterpris- 
ing, progressive world, a useful citizen, a 
kindly, sympathetic, charitable man. Mr. 
Brooks died, after a short illness, February 21, 
19 1 3, at his apartments in the Clermont, Wal- 
nut Hills. The Cincinnati Enquirer of Febru- 
ary 22, 1913, paid the deceased a glowing 
tribute, and among other eulogistic remarks 

Commodore Brooks was a gentleman of the old 
school; he was a man universally admired by the 
thousands who knew him. His character was one 
happily mingling keen business ability with acumen 
and humor. Ever was he ready with jest and 

humor, but withal he found time to amass a fortune 
estimated at more than $1,000,000. * * ♦ He was 
one of the fifty members of the Commercial Club, 
an organization within the Queen City Club, and 
held active membership in the Masons, Shriners, 
Elks, , Knights of Pythias and Cuvier-Press Club. 
♦ * ♦ Commodore Brooks had lived in Coving- 
ton, Kentucky, and Cincinnati most of his life, and 
was one of the best known men on the Ohio river. 
It was his delight to captain one of several boats 
controlled by him, and it was because of his enthu- 
siasm and ambition that he did not retire from 
active work some years ago. * * ♦ Mr. Brooks 
held the title of Commodore through his ownership 
of Ohio river packets, and also was known as Colo- 
nel through his service on the staff of the Governor 
of Kentucky. 

He married. May 17, 1866, Laura Ann Tone, 
born in Clermont county, Ohio, March 17, 
1844, daughter of Hiram and (Wag- 
ner) Tone. Children: i. Charles Grandon, 
born in Newport, Kentucky, in 1868; married 
and has one son, Charles Grandon Jr. 2. 
George Alburtus, born in Covington, in 1870; 
married Mildred Spencer, and has one daugh- 
ter, Mildred Brooks. 3. Ada Estella, born in 
Covington, in 1872 ; married Henry C. Kasson, 
and has three children: Lee H., bom in 1896, 
now a student in the Ashville Military School ; 
Laura Marie, born in 1898, and Henry C. 
Kasson Jr., born in 1910. 4. Rosella, born in 
Covington, in 1875; married Ray J. Hillen- 
brand, of Cincinnati, and has two children: 
Ruth, born in 1903, and Edith, born in 1906. 

The Tyzzer family traces its 
TYZZER origin to Cornwall, that little 
kingdom in the south of Eng- 
land. As in Wales, the Channel Islands, the 
Isle of Man and other remote portions of Eng- 
land, there are still to be found in Cornwall 
descendants of the original British inhabitants 
driven out of the rest of the island by the con- 
quering Saxon tribes. It is only within the 
present generation that Cornish, an old British 
dialect akin to the Erse and the Cymric, has 
ceased to be a spoken language. 

(II) Geoj-ge Roberts, son of Josiah and Mary 
Ann (Roberts) Tyzzer, was born in St. Agnes, 
Cornwall county, England, in 1832. In 1846, 
when fourteen years of age, he came to Amer- 
ica with his father and settled at Wakefield, 
Massachusetts, where he learned the trade of 
carriage-maker, which he followed and also 
conducted a farm. He married, December, 
1856, Matilda J., born in St. Agnes, Cornwall, 
England, in 1838, came to America in 1847, 
died August 14, 1912, daughter of John and 
Joanna (Main) Edwards. Her father was 
born in England, and came to Wakefield, Mas- 
sachusetts, where he spent the remainder of his 
life. Their children were: i. George Alfred, 

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2>2'^^>^^:^ U^^^f^^ ^^^7- 

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1 199 

born in Newton, Massachusetts, 1858; edu- 
cated at Phillips Andover Academy and Har- 
vard University, and later at Brown Univer- 
sity, where he graduated in the class of 1884; 
since then he has taught at Wakefield and 
Lynn, Massachusetts, and is now head master 
in the Lyman School of Boston; he married 
Mary A. Birge, of Providence, Rhode Island, 
and their children are: David B., Helen E., 
Florence D. 2. Isabelle Matilda, born at New- 
ton, Massachusetts, July 20, i860; married 
(first) William C. Perkins, and her daughter, 
Annie C. Perkins, married Harry Gould, of 
North Weymouth, Massachusetts ; married 
(second) A. F. Oliver; children: Frederick 
M., Stanley P., Rowland B. 3. Dr. Walter 
Granville, of whom further. 4. Jennie Rob- 
erts, born at Wakefield, Massachusetts, in 
1870; married Martin Luther Cunningham; 
they reside at Wakefield. 5. Ernest Edward, 
born at Wakefield, in 1877, graduated at Brown 
University with the degree of A. B., and at 
Harvard with that of M. D. ; now professor 
in the pathological department at the latter 
university ; member and president of the Amer- 
ican Society for Cancer Research ; at a recent 
meeting of the American Medical Association 
held at St. Louis, Missouri, he read an im- 
portant paper on that subject; he married 
Jessie Gowen, and their children are: Jerrold 
E., Franklin G., Roger. 

(HI) Dr. Walter Granville Tyzzer, son of 
(jeorge Roberts and Matilda J. (Edwards) 
Tyzzer, was born at Wakefield, Massachu- 
setts, August 8, 1863. His first education was 
gained in the public schools of his native town. 
Later he matriculated at the Will Mayfield 
Collie, and had conferred upon him in 1898 
the degree of B. S. In 1899 he entered Barnes 
University, St. Louis, Missouri, and graduated 
from that institution with the degree of M. D. 
in 1903. He taught in this college during the 
years 1909 and 191 1, occupying the chair of 
Gynaecology, and was secretary of its board 
of trustees and also secretary of the faculty. 
He is now house physician, surgeon and gen- 
eral manager of the Mayfleld Sanitarium, an 
institution that is doing an important work in 
St. Louis, and is the mother hospital to one in 
India and two in China, that are carrying on 
its work of mercy in those dark lands. 

Dr. Tyzzer is a member of the Third Bap- 
tist Church, of St. Louis, and has always taken 
a prominent part in church work, as well as in 
work of an entirely humanitarian and educa- 
tional character. He is the moderator of the 
St. Louis Baptist Association. In 1888, when 
he was still in Massachusetts, Dr. Tyzzer 
served as general secretary of the CHiarlestown 
branch of the Boston Young Men's Christian 

Association. Subsequently for four years he 
held the same position at Gloucester, Massa- 
chusetts. Dr. Tyzzer has been endowed by 
nature with a remarkably sympathetic and 
musical voice, and has for many years been in 
great demand as a singer. He was at one time 
widely known as an evangelistic singer, having 
been connected with Dwight L. Moody. He 
has also at times taken charge of the singing 
in many of the Baptist conventions. For six 
years he was pastor's assistant of the Third 
Baptist Church, of St. Louis, one of the largest 
Baptist congregations in the country. Subse- 
quently he was connected with the Young 
Men's Christian Association in St. Louis, and 
was on its board of managers in 1912. He is 
also a member of the Masonic fraternity. 

Dr. Tyzzer married, April 6, 1886, Emily 
Eunice, daughter of George A. and Susan W. 
(Bowman) Seaver, of Wakefield, Massachu- 
setts, where she was born October 29, 1867. 
Their children are: i. Marian Roberts, born in 
Wakefield, Massachusetts, December 26, 1886; 
was educated in the St. Louis grammar schools, 
central high school and Forest Park Univer- 
sity, St. Louis. 2. Robert Neal, bom at Wake- 
field, June 29, 1888; received his education in 
the public schools of St. Louis, Eugene Field's 
grammar and central high schools ; also attend- 
ed William Jewell College ; received his med- 
ical training at the American Medical College, 
St. Louis, receiving his degree of M. D. in 
1912; he is assistant superintendent of the 
Mayfield Sanitarium, with which his father is 
connected; he married, June 8, 191 1, Estelle 
Cheek, of St. Louis. 3. Margaret Seaver, born 
in St. Louis, October 25, 1894; she was edu- 
cated at the grammar schools and the central 
high school, and at Forest Park University. 

Mrs. Tyzzer died in 1894, and to her memory 
Dr. Tyzzer built in 1904 in Haka, Burma, the 
Emily Tyzzer Hospital, the money being given 
to the Board of Foreign Missions of the North- 
ern Baptist Convention. Dr. E. H. East, a 
medical missionary, was in charge of its erec- 
tion, and now has the management of the insti- 
tution, which has done splendid and much 
needed work among the savage tribes of that 
region. In connection with Dr. Mayfield, of 
the Mayfield Sanitarium, Dr. Tyzzer has fur- 
nished funds for a hospital in Laichowfu, 
Northern China, called the Mayfield-Tyzzer 
Hospital. The building and management of 
this hospital was put into the hands of the 
Board of Foreign Missions of the Southern 
Baptist Convention, who put their medical 
missionary, Dr. John W. Lowe, at the head of 
the work. This hospital is a handsome brick 
building with a thorough modem equipment, 
and is doing a work whose value, both in the 

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present and for the future, it is hard to esti- 
mate to its full extent. In addition to this 
hospital, Dr. and Mrs. Mayfield and Dr. Tyz- 
zer gave in 1910 five thousand dollars for the 
erection of the **\Vill Mayfield Hospital/ at 
Huchow. in Southern China. Dr. Tyzzer has 
been for seven years a member of the New 
England Society of St. Louis, and served as 
vice-president in 191 2. 

Richard Goodman, the immi- 
GOODMAN grant ancestor, came from 

England, and settled first in 
Cambridge, Massachusetts, where he was pro- 
prietor in 1632. He was admitted a freeman, 
May 14, 1634, and brought a suit in Plymouth 
court, March 4, 1638-39. He removed to 
Hartford, Connecticut, with Rev. Mr. Hooker's 
company, and was one of the first settlers 
there. Later he removed to Hadley, Massa- 
chusetts, and was killed by the Indians in King 
Philip's war, April i, 1676. He married, at 
Hartford, December 8, 1659, Mary, daughter 
of Stephen Terry, of Windsor, Connecticut, 
and administration on his estate was granted 
to her September 26, 1676. Children: John, 
born October 13, 1661 ; Richard (2), mention- 
ed below; Stephen, February 6, 1664; Mary, 
November 5, 1665 ; Thomas, March 20, 1668, 
died young; Elizabeth, February 5, 1671 ; 
Thomas, September 16, 1673 J Samuel, May 5, 


(II) Richard (2), son of Richard (i) 
Goodman, was born March 23, 1663, in Had- 
ley, Massachusetts, died at Hartford, May 14, 
1730. The inventory of his estate was filed 
June II, 1730, showing an estate of one hun- 
dred and thirty-seven pounds, seven shillings 
and eight pence. He married Abigail Pantry, 
born January 11, 1678-79, died January 26, 
1708, daughter of John (2), granddaughter of 
John (i), and great-granddaughter of Wil- 
liam Pantry. Children : Mary, baptized March 
7, 1702, died young; Mary, baptized May 10, 
1703; Richard, born November 4, 1704; Tim- 
othy, mentioned below ; Abigail, married Dan- 
iiel Ensign : Esther, born October 30, 1709. 

(III) Timothy, son of Richard (2) Good- 
man, was born September 22, 1706, died March 
12, 1786. He had land given him by his grand- 
father, John (2) Pantry, March 4, 1729, in 
West Hartford, near Farmington. The Bos- 
ton Chronicle of May 2, 1768, states that on 
April 7, that vear, the house of Timothy Good- 
man, in West Hartford, was burned with all 
the furniture and clothes, which were very 
rich and costly, and that Jerusha, ten years old, 
daughter of Daniel Ensign, who lived in the 
family, was burned to death. He married, 
May 7, 1735, Joanna Wadsworth, who died 

aged fifty-three years, daughter of Joseph and 
Joanna Wadsworth, and granddaughter of 
Captain Joseph Wadsworth, of Charter Oak 
fame. He married (second) November 29, 
1767, his sister-in-law, Widow Elizabeth 
Wadsworth, af Hartford. Children: Joanna; 
Timothy, baptized March 7, 1736; Thomas, 
born March 18, 1739; Abigail, October 4, 
1741; Mary, February 12, 1744; Elizabeth, 
March 16, 1746; Richard, April 10, 1748; Me- 
hitable, baptized June 24, 1750, died May 2, 
1758; Moses, mentioned below. 

(IV) Lieutenant Moses Goodman, son of 
Timothy Goodman, was born in West Hart- 
ford, Connecticut, June 20, 1750, twin of Me- 
hitable, and baptized there June 24, 1750, died 
August 17, 1831. Moses, Richard, Thomas, 
William and Zebedee were soldiers in the 
revolution. Moses was a soldier in the com- 
pany of Captain Abram Sedgwick, on the Lex- 
ington Alarm, April 19, 1775. He was also 
sergeant in Captain Abijah Rowlee's company 
(Sixth), Colonel Jedediah Huntington's regi- 
ment (Eighth), of Connecticut, in 1775, and 
ensign in 1776. He was at the siege of Boston, 
at New York, under Washington at the battle 
of Long Island and White Plains. He was 
lieutenant in Captain BisselKs company. Colo- 
nel Eno's regiment, on the Hudson in 1778. 
In October, 181 8, his name appears on the 
United States Pension Rolls. He was later a 
farmer in West Hartford and was given a 
silver cup for the best cultivated farm in Hart- 
ford county. He married, in 1779, Amy Sey- 
mour, of an old Hartford family. Children: 
Moses, born September 15, 1781, captain in 
the war of 1812, a deacon in the church in 
West Hartford; Amy; Polly; Horace Henry 
and Henry Horace, twins ; Timothy Seymour ; 
Epaphiras ; Catherine ; Fanny Pamelia ; Maria 
Marcia and Marcia Maria, twins; and Wil- 

(V) William, son of Lieutenant Moses 
Goodman, was born at West Hartford, Con- 
necticut, October 17, 1797, and removed to 
Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1817, where he died Au- 
gust 3, 1876. He was the president of the 
Washington Insurance Company, of Cincinnati, 
from 1836 to 1870, and took a prominent part 
in the business aflfairs of the city, being a mer- 
chant, banker and underwriter. He married, 
July 21, 1828, Margaret Rand, daughter of Dr. 
Samuel and Margaret (Austin) Adams, born 
at Wiscassit, Maine, December 27, 1804. Her 
father was a physician of Boston, bom at Lin- 
coln, Massachusetts, June 7, 1771. Children: 
Fanny, married L. B. Harrison; Emma, mar- 
ried J. O. Eaton ; Horace Henry ; and William 
A., all deceased. 

(VI) William Austin, son of William Good- 

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man, was born at Cincinnati, Ohio, February 
2, 1845, died October 30, 1912. Prepared for 
college in the private school of Doctor Soule 
of Cincinnati, and entered Harvard Univer- 
sity in 1862, graduating with the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts in the class of 1866. During 
the following year, he was a clerk in the book- 
store of Robert Clark & Company. In 1867 
he entered the Ohio Law School at Cincinnati, 
and was graduated with the degree of Bachelor 
of Laws in 1869, and in the same year was ad- 
mitted to the bar and to practice in the United 
States court. Since then he has continued in 
general practice in Cincinnati until his death. 
He was for many years one of the leading 
attorneys of Cincinnati, and a familiar figure 
in all the courts of this section. Although he 
had never been on the bench, he was held in 
high esteem alike by judges and lawyers. He 
had some distinguished law partners during his 
long and successful career. For five years he 
was in partnership with Judge Tilden, in the 
firm of Tilden, Stevenson & Goodman. Mr. 
Stevenson was subsequently elected to con- 
gress. For two years Hon. Bellamy Storer 
was his partner in the firm of Storer, Good- 
man & Storer, and after the death of Judge 
Storer, the senior partner, the firm was for 
fifteen years Goodman & Storer. After this 
firm was dissolved Mr. Goodman was alone in 
his practice. He was a member of Kilwining 
Lodge, No. 356, Free and Accepted Masons; 
Cincinnati Chapter, No. 2, Royal Arch Ma- 
sons ; Cincinnati Commandery, Knights Temp- 
lars, No. 3 ; and held the office of grand orator, 
having taken the thirty-two degrees in Scottish 
Rite Masonry. He was also a member of the 
Harvard Club, of Cincinnati; the University 
Qub, of Cincinnati, and the Cincinnati Golf 
Club ; was a communicant of Christ Protestant 
Episcopal Church, of Cincinnati; and in poli- 
tics was a Republican. He was a director and 
the treasurer of the Alhambra Theatre of Cin- 
cinnati, his office being at 1619 First National 
Bank Building. 

He married, June 11, 1873, Grace Hastings 
Gr is wold, born in Hartford, Connecticut, Janu- 
ary 19, 1854, daughter of Hezekiah (2) Gris- 
wold, born at East Granby, Connecticut, June 
12, 181 1. Hezekiah (i) Griswold was born 
at East Granby, July 2, 1770. Hezekiah (2) 
Griswold married, November 17, 1836, Frances 
Norton Welles, born at Newington, Connecti- 
cut, April 12, 1816, died February 25, 1865, 
a daughter of Roger (2) and Electa (Stanley) 
Welles. Roger (2) Welles was born August 
10, 1790, son of Roger (i) Welles, born Sep- 
tember 9, 1735. Mr. and Mrs. Goodman have 
one child, William (2), mentioned below. 

(VH) William (2), son of William Austin 

Goodman, was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, June 
8, 1874. He received his early education in 
the public schools and prepared for college in 
the Cincinnati high school. He entered Haver- 
ford College, and was graduated in the class of 
1895 with the degree of Bachelor of Science. 
He then entered Harvard University, and was 
graduated in 1896 with the degree of Bachelor 
of Arts. He was appointed ensign in the 
United States navy, in which he served until 
1893. He is now manager of the Laidlaw 
Dunn Gordon Pump Company. He is a mem- 
ber of the University Club. In politics he is a 
Republican. He is also a member of Christ 
Protestant Episcopal Church. He married, 
October 15, 1903, Mary Healy, born August 
19, 1874, daughter of John C. and Helen 
(Wilbur) Healy, of Cincinnati. They have 
one son, William (3), born in Cincinnati, De- 
cember II, 1905, and one daughter, Helen 
Mary, born in Cincinnati, December 27, 1909. 

John Simonds, the immigrant, 

SIMONDS was born in England about 

161 5. He was a proprietor of 

Salem as early as 1636, and was admitted a 

freeman March 1637-38. His wife Mary was 

a member of the Salem church in 1638. He 

married (second) Elizabeth . He was 

in England in 1653. His will was proved Sep- 
tember 19, 1671. Children: Samuel, men- 
tioned below ; Ruth ; Katherine, married Jacob 

(H) Samuel, son of John Simonds, was 
born in January, 1638, at Salem. He settled 
in Boxford, and married Elizabeth Andrews, 
daughter of Robert and Grace. He was select- 
man and held other town offices. He died 
August 14, 1722 ; his wife died March 17, 1725. 
Children: Elizabeth, born July 12, 1663; Han- 
nah, December 27, 1665; Grace, October 14, 
1667 : Mary, February 26, 1669; Samuel, April 
6, 1672, of Middleton ; John, mentioned below ; 
Ruth, December 24, 1676; Rebecca, May 31, 
1679; Phebe, October 2, 1682; Joseph, May 
24, 1685; Nathaniel, January 26, 1687. 

(HI) John (2), son of Samuel Simonds, 
was born in Boxford, March 29, 1674; mar- 
ried, February 13, 1705-06, at Boxford, Han- 
nah Hazen. He bought land in Lambstown, 
Massachusetts, in 1737, six miles from Rut- 
land, of Jacob Perley, and sold it the same 
year. Mary Simonds witnessed the deed. 
Children, born at Boxford: Jacob, June 30, 
1712; AUis, April 13, 1714, died young; Allis, 
September i, 1715; Sarah, August 26, I7'i7; 
Lydia, October 12, 1720; Phebe, February 28, 
172^-23; John, mentioned below. Probably 

(IV) John (3), son of John (2) Simonds, 

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was born in Boxford, Massachusetts, March 
II, 1725. He married Ruth . He re- 
moved to Lunenburg, Massachusetts, about 
1750. John Simonds, of Lunenburg, married, 
March 13, 1755, Mercy Page. John Simons, 
of Lunenburg, married, February 11, 1757, 
Mercy Marble, of Stow. He or his son John 
was warned out of Lunenburg in 1763. Chil- 
dren, born at Topsfield, near Boxford : John, 
baptized February 26, 1743-44; Mary, July 21, 
1745; Joanna, April 3, 1748; Joseph, baptized 
October 29, 1749, lived at Fitchburg. And 

(IV) William Simonds, of the same family, 
probably brother of John, was at Shirley as 
early as 1747 and signed a petition for a sepa- 
rate town. His farm was lately owned by 
Charles Andrews, and was in the north part 
of the town. He removed to Lunenburg, May 
14, 1751, and died there in 1758. The probate 
records show that he left a widow Elizabeth, 
and sons, John and Thomas Simonds. Wil- 
liam Simonds, another son, married Abigail 
Larabee, March 11, 1760. 

Widow Mary Simonds, perhaps widow of 
John, married Samuel Larabee, December 19, 
1758. Joseph Simonds, son of William, or 
nephew, was born at Shirley, January 30, 1746; 
a soldier in the revolution ; married, at Shirley 
or Groton, Mittie Cummings, daughter of 
Lieutenant John ; settled in Groton, Massachu- 
setts ; New Ipswich and Hancock, New Hamj>- 
shire. Another Joseph Simonds, of this fam- 
ily, died at Westminster, October 24, 1826, 
aged 67 years six months. Martha, of Lunen- 
burg, married, March 28, 1769, Josiah Green- 
wood; Susannah, of Gardner, married, Sep- 
tember 6, 1789, Jonas Baker. 

(V) Elijah, son or nephew of John (3) 
Simonds, of Lunenburg, was born about 1750, 
but the record of birth has not been found. 
The history of Gardner says he came from 
Shirley, and the records of the Shirley-Lunen- 
burg family are given above. He went early 
to Westminster, and married there, April 20, 
1773, Abigail Roff (Rolfe). He bought of 
Seth Adams, of Westminster, land in the third 
division, January 18, 1773, and of Noah Miles 
more land at Westminster, July 15, 1780. He 
lived in Gardner, formerly part of Westmin- 
ster, until 1803. He sold land in Gardner, 
thirty-six acres, June 16, 1802, to Asa Nichols, 
and also lots 57, 81, 87. He moved to Brom- 
ley, Vermont, the same place as Peru, where 
he finally located. He was of Bromley when 
he deeded to Samuel Foster, of Gardner, land 
at Hubbardston ; and other land at Hubbards- 
ton to Ebenezer Jackson, in 1803. He and 
wife Abigail, then of Gardner, sold land at 
Westminster, September 21, 1793, to Zachariah 
Nichols. At Peru he owned the lot south of 

the Dudley farm and had a log house on the 
old road, afterwards building a frame house 
on the opposite side of the road. Children, 
recorded at Gardner: Elizabeth, born April 
7, 1774, died June 29, 1776; Elijah, January 
28, 1777, died September 10, 1777; Elijah, 
November 14, 1777, married Persis Richard- 
son; Jonathan, December 9, 1780, moved to 
Richmond; Ezekiel, February 25, 1783, set- 
tled at New Orleans; David, March 4, 1786; 
Abigail, July 11, 1788, died August 5, 1791 ; 
Asa, November 7, 1790, settled in Peru, Ver- 
mont; Abigail, August 5, 1793; Lucy, Novem- 
ber II, 1797, married Lyon, lived in 

Peru. Elijah was in the revolution, from 
Westminster, in Captain Abijah Rowlee's 
company, July 6, 1775 ; also in Captain Noah 
Miles' company. Colonel Whitcomb's regiment, 
on the Lexington alarm, and later, in 1775, in 
Captain Edmund Bemis' company. 

(VI) Deacon David Simonds, son of Elijah 
Simonds, was born at Gardner, March 4, 1786. 
He came to Peru with his father in 1802 or 
1803. He cleared the forest and settled a 
farm to the south of this father's. He joined 
the church in 1816 and was deacon for thirty 
years. He was succeeded in that office by his 
son, O. P. Simonds. He was a man of mild 
temperament, "one who could take the prosper- 
ous side of life with ease and the unpropitious 
side with submission. He believed in the free- 
dom which our Declaration and Constitution 
proclaimed, and could not endure oppression 
in any place or person, country or race, black 
or white. He was early in favor of emanci- 
pation." He died at New Ipswich, July 12, 
1869, ^g^ eighty-four. He married Ann 
Byam, who lived to the age of ninety-four, 
dying in 1885. Children: i. David, died of 
typhoid, unmarried. 2, Sarah Ann, born Octo- 
ber II, 1835, died young, of typhoid. 3. Oliver 
P., a shoemaker ; married Mary Cone, of Win- 
hall, Vermont ; lived in Peru. 4. Joseph H., a 
farmer in Peru, died 1876; married Emily 
Messenger. 5. Amanda, died in Jaffrey, New 
Hampshire; married Deacon John Frost, a 
farmer. 6. Stephen D., died in Granville, Illi- 
nois ; married Emeline Carter. 7. Elmina, mar- 
ried Milo Simpson, and lived in Hoosick, New 
York. 8. Elijah, died at Peru, about 1864; 
married Angeline Eddy, of Winhall, Ver- 
nwnt; he was a lumberman. 9. Edwin B., 
resides at Herndon, Virginia ; has been in the 
Pension Office at Washington for thirty years ; 
enlisted in the Second Minnesota Regiment, 
and served from early in 1861 until the battle 
of Antietam, when he was incapacitated by a 
severe wound; he had* also been wounded in 
the first battle of Bull Run ; married Marion 
Farnum, of Peru. 10. Affa A., married James 
T. Pebbles, formerly of Natick and Saxonville, 

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Massachusetts. 11. David K., mentioned be- 

(VII) David Kendall, son of David Simonds, 
was bom in Peru, Vermont, April 5, 1839. He 
was educated in the public schools and at Burr 
& Burton's Seminary, and graduated from 
Middlebury College, Vermont, in 1862. He 
was elected to the Phi Beta Kappa. After 
graduation he taught for one year as principal 
of the academy at Champlain, New York. In 
the fall of 1863 he enlisted in the Second Ten- 
nessee Regiment, and was honorably dis- 
charged in February, 1864. He served under 
Grant and Sherman. He studied law in the 
office of Crane & Bisbee, at Newport, Ver- 
mont, and was admitted to the bar in 1865, in 
Orleans county, Vermont. He practiced law 
at Newport four years. In 1865-66 he was 
also editor of the Newport Express. In 1870 
he conducted the St, Johnsbury Times. He 
then bought the Manchester Journal, which he 
conducted for thirty-five years. His news- 
paper was prosperous and influential. In poli- 
tics he is a Republican, and he has held various 
offices of trust and honor. He was town clerk 
of Manchester for thirty-five years, and has 
been postmaster for the past thirty years. He 
was elected to the l^slature in 1866 and to 
the state senate in 1868. For eight years he was 
examiner of teachers in Bennington county. 
He is a trustee of Burr & Burton's Seminary 
and of Middlebury College, and a member of 
Adoniram Lodge, No. 63, Free and Accepted 
Masons ; of Manchester Chapter, No. 18, Royal 
Arch Masons, of which he is past high priest ; 
of Taft Commandery, Knights Templar, of 
Bennington ; of the Eastern Star, of Manches- 
ter, of which he has been state patron ; of the 
lodge of Odd Fellows, of St. Johnsbury, and 
the Columbus Club, of that town. For four 
years he has been deacon of the Congregational 
church. He wrote an introduction to the town 
history of Peru. 

He married, July, 1880, at Leverett, Massa- 
chusetts, Ellen L. Clark, who was born in 
Peru, daughter of Rev. Asa F. Clark, who was 
pastor at Peru for twenty years, and also 
preached at Ludlow, Vermont, and Leverett. 
He was a Congregationalist. Her mother was 
Mary Simonds, of Peru. Children: i. Clark 
D., bom at Manchester, March 20, 1881 ; re- 
sides at Portland, Oregon, a real estate broker ; 
educated in Middlebury College and Massa- 
chusetts Institute of Technology; married 
Louise Scully, of Lincoln, Illinois, and has one 
child, Marion, born at Portland, Oregon, 1912. 
2. Anna Louise, born June 17, 1888; married 
George Orvis, of Manchester, proprietor of 
Hotel Equinox (see Orvis) ; she is a graduate 
of Burr & Burton's Seminary, and was a stu- 

dent in the New England Conservatory of 
Music, Boston ; child, Franklin, born at Man- 
chester, 1905. 

The first record of the Roberts 
ROBERTS 'family of Rhode Island is 

found in volume I, p. 170, of 
the book of deeds. A house and lot in Provi- 
dence and right in the commons of the planta- 
tion of Providence was bequeathed by Chris- 
topher Unthank to Thomas Roberts, June i, 
1663. Thomas Roberts died about 1679, and 
his administrator. Captain Richard Smith, 
represented his nephew and heir, Christopher 
Roberts, of Arlington, Gloucestershire, Eng- 
land, December 5, 1679. There was i^ecorded 
June 6, 1681, by Captain Smith, as attorney 
for Christopher Roberts, the title to four acres 
laid out to Thomas Roberts, deceased. (Book 
of Deeds I, p. 59). About the same time Peter 
and Mark Roberts appear at Warwick, Rhode 
Island. There is reason to believe that they 
were brothers, nephews or sons of Christopher, 
and that Peter had the land at Providence. 
Mark Roberts married, January i, 1682, at 
Warwick, Mary Baker, and had : Mark, born 
April ID, 1683 ; John, December 4, 1685. John 
had ten children at Warwick, and the name 
Christopher, which appears in all the families, 
presumably for Christopher Unthank, men- 
tioned above, undoubtedly a relative. 

(I) Peter Roberts is said to have been first 
at Cape Cod, but he married, at Warwick, 
April 27, 1685 (by John Greene, justice), 
Sarah Baker, sister of Mark's wife. Peter was 
in Providence, September i, 1687, and he 
deeded land there November 30, 1706, to his 
son William. Peter died in the same year. 
Children: William, died February 25, 1726, 
at Providence ; Peter, mentioned below. Per- 
haps others. 

(II) Peter (2), son of Peter (i) Roberts, 
was bom about 1687, at Warwick or Provi- 
dence, and died at Providence, August 17, 
1743. He married Amy Colvin, born October 
31, 1690, died 1743, daughter of John and 
Dorothy Colvin, He sold land February 23, 
1723, and received land from his father's 
estate. His will was dated February 2, 1743, 
proved September 19, following. His son 
Philip and brother-in-law, James Colvin, were 
executors. He gave land in Warwick to his 
son John, and bequeathed to the other children. 
Children: Philip; John, mentioned below; 
Peter ; Mary ; Sarah ; Dorothy. 

(III) John, son of Peter (2) Roberts, was 
born at Providence, Rhode Island, April 23, 
1727. He married, before he was of age, Sus- 
anna Mayhew. He was a farmer. He went 
to Amenia, New York, thence to Manchester, 

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Vermont, and with his sons fought in the 
battle of Bennington. Among his sons was 
Christopher, mentioned below. 

(IV) Christopher, son of John Roberts, 
was born in Amenia, Dutchess county, New 
York, May 4, 1753. He Served with the 
famous **Green Mountain Boys," and was with 
Ethan Allen at the taking of Ticonderoga. 
According to the revolutionary rolls of Ver- 
mont he was in Captain Gideon Ormsby's 
company. Colonel Warner's regiment, in No- 
vember, 1778; in the same company, Colonel 
Ira Allen's regiment, in 1780; in Captain 
Thomas Barney's company. Colonel Ira Allen's 
regiment, in 1781, and was sergeant of his 
company. He was in the battle of Hubbard- 
ton, Vermont. He was active in resisting the 
jurisdiction of New York in Vermont. He 
held various offices of trust and honor in the 
town. He was a Free Mason, a member of 
North Star Lodge, and was one of the four- 
teen delegates who organized the grand lodge 
of the state of Vermont in 1794. He became a 
general in the state militia after the war. He 
served as surveyor of highways, represented 
the town in the state legislature, was justice of 
the peace maoy years, and judge of probate. 
He was one of the pioneers of Manchester, 
and surveyed the neighborhood with Benjamin 
Purdy. His sister Jane was engaged to Bee- 
man, the scout of Ticonderoga fame. At the 
time of the battle of Bennington, Christopher 
Roberts was detailed to escort the women to a 
place of safety in Massachusetts. During most 
of his active life he was a farmer and owned 
several farms in Manchester. He married 
Mary Purdy, who was, born April 8, 1758, died 
at Manchester Center, November 12, 1833, 
daughter of Benjamin and Deborah (Smith) 
Purdy. Daniel Purdy, father of Benjamin, 
was born in 1676, son of John Purdy, who 
lived and died at Rye, Westchester county, 
New York. Francis Purdy, father of John, 
was the immigrant ancestor, bom in England, 
in 1630, settled at Rye, married Mary Brum- 
mage. Children of Christopher Roberts: i. 
Susanna, born February 27, 1776, died 1777. 
2. Martin, January 8, 1778, died April 25, 
1863: married (first) Lucy Buckley; (second) 
Betsey Stone; (third) Myra Stone Bown ; was 
a prominent citizen of Manchester, a general 
merchant. 3. Jonathan, March 10, 1780, died 
October 24, i8i82; married Sarah Buckley, of 
Manchester; was a farmer. 4. John Peter, 
mentioned below. 5. Anna, January 25, 1784^ 
died January 20, 1822; married Cyrus Lock- 
wood, a lawyer of Greenwich, New York. 7. 
Benjamin, June 3, 1788, died September 27, 
1 841 ; married Sophia Hodges, of Clarendon, 
Vermont ; was a farmer at Manchester. 8. Deb- 
orah, April 23, 1790, died January 26, 1791. 9. 

Mary, April 5, 1792; married Smith Mead, of 
Plattsburg, New York. 10. Deborah, July 27, 
1794, died in 1877; married Carlisle Davidson, 
and lived near Plattsburg, New York, a farmer. 
II. Betsey, March 26, 1796, died May 10, 1880, 
unmarried. 12. Sophia, July 24, 1798, died in 
1870, unmarried. 13. Cyrenus Swift, born 
August 19, 1802, died October 6, 1838; mar- 
ried Maria P. Way. 

(V) John Peter, son of Christopher Rob- 
erts, was born at Manchester, Vermont, Janu- 
ary 30, 1782, and died April 20, 1865, at Man- 
chester Center. He was a farmer at Man- 
chester all his active life. In politics he was 
a Whig. He married Miriam Fowler, who 
was born at Killingworth, Connecticut, daugh- 
ter of George Fowler. Her father was a loyal- 
ist, and was drowned during the revolution, 
while assisting the Tories in Long Island 
Sound. She died in 1864, aged eighty years. 
Children, all born at Manchester: i. George 
Fowler, born 1805; married, 1832, Lydia 
Brownson, daughter of Abraham Brownson, 
an Episcopal clergyman of Manchester Cen- 
ter; she died in 1833; he died in 1834. 2. 
Mary Ann, born 1807; taught school at 
Gambier, Ohio; married George Durbin (de- 
ceased) ; she lived to the age of ninety-eight. 
3. John Christopher, born 1809, a merchant in 
Manchester Center; married Ellen Ross, of 
Rutland, who now resides in Rutland. 4. Silas 
Augustus, born 181 1, a merchant, died unmar- 
ried. 5. Eliza Ann, 1814, died in Manchester 
Center, unmarried. 6. William Henry, 1817, 
died at Mobile, Alabama, a cotton broker ; mar- 
ried Sarah Bull, of Mobile. 7. Susan Sarah, 
megtioned below. 8. Caroline, 1823, married 
Edgar Seabury, of Troy, N^w York; resided 
at Poughkeepsie ; he was a merchant ; both he 
and his wife died there. 

(VI) Susan Sarah, daughter of John Peter 
Roberts, was born at Sunderland, Vermont, 
September 30, 1821. When she was three 
months old her parents returned to Manches- 
ter, where she was educated in the public 
schools and at Mrs. Willard's Seminary, Troy, 
New York. In 1837, after leaving school, she 
taught the school one year in Purdy district, 
Manchester. She is a communicant of the 
Protestant Episcopal church, and has always 
been active and generous in church and char- 
itable work. So zealous was she in her younger 
days that her friends familiarly called her **the 
Pope." She is a member of the Vermont 
Society, Daughters of the American Revolu- 
tion. She married, March 16, 1853, '^ ^^^^ 
Church, Manchester, Hyman L. Miner, who 
was born September 23, 1804, in Middletown, 
Vermont, and died in July, 1886, in Manches- 
ter Village. He received his early education 
in the public schools and in Castleton Semi- 

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nary, Vermont, and was prepared to enter the 
sophomore class of Middlebury College, but 
instead of entering college he began to study 
law in the office of Rollin & Mallory, at Poult- 
ney, Vermont. He was admitted to the bar 
and began to practice in Wallingford, Ver- 
mont. In 1835 he came to Manchester Village, 
where he continued in practice until the time 
of his death. He was a Republican from the 
time of the organization of the party, and an 
active and influential leader. He represented 
the town in the state legislature for fourteen 
years, and served one term in congress. For 
many years he was judge of probate. He was 
an active and prominent member of the Prot- 
estant Episcopal church. 

Mr. Miner married (first) Fannie Adams 
Beeman, of Hampton, New York. She died 
in 1852. Children by first wife: i. Fannie, 
married Edwin Clapp. 2. Henry, a lawyer, 
Washington, D. C. 3. Alice, married Harri- 
son Prindle, a lawyer. 4. Nathan Beeman, a 
journalist, died in Boston, unmarried. 5. Wil- 
helmina, married Halsey McKee Wing, a 
dealer in cement; they reside in Glens Falls, 
New York. Children of Hyman L. Miner by 
his second wife, Susan Sarah (Roberts) 
Miner: 6. Hyman Louis, born February 2, 
1854, died at Manchester in July, 1908, unmar- 
ried; a graduate of Middlebury College; taught 
school in Oregon and San Francisco until his 
health failed. 7. John Gideon, died in infancy. 
8. George Roberts, born August 16, 1862 ; mar- 
ried Mary Upton, who was born in Salem, 
Massachusetts, August 8, 1863 ; he is a news- 
paper man ; was for twenty-five years on the 
staff of the New York Herald, and is now edi- 
tor of the Netv York Sunday Sun; daughter, 
Miriam Upton, born April 28, 1888, a graduate 
of Barnard Collie, New York. 

The surname Holden, Holding 
HOLDEN or Houlding is ancient and dis- 
tinguished in England. Vari- 
ous branches of the family bear coats-of-arms 
and titles. Richard Holden, the immigrant 
ancestor, was born in England, in 1609, and 
came to this country in the ship "Francis," 
sailing from Ipswich, England, April 30, 1654. 
He settled first at Ipswich, Massachusetts, 
where he was for a time a landowner. His 
brother Justinian, who was born in 161 1, came 
over a year later and settled in Watertown, 
Massachusetts, whither Richard also removed 
afterward. A manuscript family record writ- 
ten about 1800 states that they had brothers, 
Adam and William, and an uncle, James 
Holden, "one of the lords of England," who 
secured their release by the sheriff who had 
arrested them for attending "a dissenting meet- 
ing" on condition that they would do so no 

more "in that country." Richard Holden re- 
sided at Cambridge for a time, and Justinian 
also settled there. Richard was proprietor of 
Woburn in 1658. He sold his place in Water- 
town in 1655 to J. Sherman. He was admitted 
a freeman May 6, 1657. In 1656-57 he settled 
in Groton, where he had nine hundred and 
seventy-five acres of land in the northerly part 
of the town, now in Shirley, and his land ex- 
tended on the west bank of the Nashua river 
from a point near Beaver pond to the north- 
ward. He spent his last years with his son 
Stephen, to whom he gave his real estate, 
March 23, 1691, calling himself at that time 
"aged, infirm and a widower." He died at 
Groton, March i, 1696, and his wife at Water- 
town, December 5, 1691. He married, irt 1640, 
Martha Fosdick, daughter of Stephen Fosdick, 
of Charlestown. The latter left a forty acre 
lot of land to Richard, situated in Woburn. 
Children: Stephen, born July 19, 1642, killed 
by fall from a tree at Groton, in 1658; Jus- 
tinian, mentioned below ; Martha, born Janu- 
ary 15, 1645-46; Samuel, June 8, 1650; Mary, 
married Thomas Williams; Sarah, married, 
December 20, 1677, Gershom Swan ; Elizabeth ; 
Thomas, born 1657; John, 1667; Stephen, 
about 1658. 

(II) Justinian, son of Richard Holden, was 
born in Groton, Massachusetts, in 1644. He 
lived at Billerica and Groton, Massachusetts, 
and perhaps at Cambridge. He left Billerica 
in 1695 on account of some difference with the 
tax collector. He was a carpenter by trade. 
He served in King Philip's war. He gave a 
power of attorney to his wife and son Decemr 

ber 14, 1696. He married (first) Mary , 

who died May 15, 1691, at Billerica, and he 

married (second) Susanna . Children: 

Mary, born at Groton, May 20, 1680; James, 
mentioned below ;• Ebenezer, born May 11, 
1690, at Woburn; Susanna, born October 18, 
1694, at Billerica. Perhaps others. 

(III) James, son of Justinian Holden, was 
born in 1685, and died in Barre, Massachu- 
setts, in 1766. He had a guardian appointed 
March 17, 1700, when he was fifteen years of 
age. He resided in Groton, Cambridge and 
Charlestown. He came to Worcester, Massa- 
chusetts, in 1714, and in 1745 moved to Barre, 
then Rutland district, Massachusetts. His will 
was offered for probate at Worcester, Decem- 
ber 3, 1766. He bequeathed to wife Hannah, 
grandson John, son of eldest son James; 
Jeduthan, oldest son of son Daniel, and other 
children of Daniel — Rachel, Daniel, Martha, 
Katharine, Nathan and James; sons Josiah, 
Thomas and Aaron ; daughters Mary, wife of 
Israel Green, and Abigail, wife of Josiah 
Bacon. (Worcester record, 30,202). He 
spelled his name Holdin in the will. He mar- 

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ried, February 17, 1708-09, at Charlestown, 
Hannah Adams, of Cambridge, and she died 
in 1769, in Barre. Children, born at Charles- 
town and baptized at Cambridge: .Hannah, 
born December 18, 1709; James, August 2, 
171 1 ; Daniel, October 7, 1713. Born at 
Worcester: Mary, February 11, 1719; Josiah, 
mentioned below; Thomas, bom October 26, 
1723; Abigail, May 5, 1726; Keziah, August 
5, 1729; Aaron, January 26, 1731-32. 

(IV) Josiah, son of James Holden, was 
born at Worcester, July 24, 1721. In 1752 he 
removed to Barre, Worcester county, and died 
there January 2, 1777, in his fifty-fifth year. 
He was captain of the Tenth Company, Colonel 
Nathan Sparhawk's regiment, of Worcester 
county, commissioned April 6, 1776. He mar- 
ried, December 17, 1747, Abigail Bond, born 
April 9, 1722, died February 6, 1777, at Barre 
(gravestone). She was a daughter of John 
and Ruth (Whitney) Bond, of Worcester. 
Children, born at Worcester : Benjamin, men- 
tioned below; James, June 9, 1750; Josiah, 
September 30, 1751, lived in Barre. Born at 
Barre: Moses, July 9, 1753; Hannah, died 
July 30, 1784, in her thirtieth year (grave- 
stone) ; John, December, 1755 ; Nathan, March 
2, 1758; Abigail, March 22, 1760. 

(V) Benjamin, son of Josiah Holden, was 
born at Worcester, January 9, 1748-49, and 
died September 20, 1783. He was in Captain 
John Black's company, Colonel Jonathan Brew- 
er's regiment, in 1775, at Lexington, Bunker 
Hill, and the siege of Boston. He was at 
Bennington, in Captain Benjamin Nye's com- 
pany, Colonel Nathan Sparhawk's regiment, in 
August, 1777. (See Mass. Soldiers and Sailors, 
vol. viii, 97, 116). He married Abigail Bacon, 
who lived to a great age. She drew a pension 
on account of the service of her husband in 
the revolution. In her old age she became 
blind. Children, born at Barre: John, men- 
tioned below; Lucy, born March 21, 1774; EH, 
November 22, 1775; Josiah, March 10, 1778; 
Jesse, August 21, 1779; Joel, May 24, 1781; 
Jonas, February 24, 1783. 

(VI) John, son of Benjamin Holden, was 
born at Barre, July 10, 1772, and died at Ar- 
lington, Vermont, March 11, 1856. He was a 
farmer in Arlington during the greater part 
of his active life. He married Abigail Chip- 
man, who was born in Sunderland, Vermont. 
Children: i. Cyrus A., mentioned below. 2. 
Lucy, born at Sunderland, September 30, 1799 ; 
married Caleb Sherman, and lived in Cam- 
bridge. New York. 3. John Jr., born at Sun- 
derland, May 3, 1 801 ; died at Battle Creek, 
Michigan, where he was a pioneer; married 

Hard. 4. Willard, born at Arlington, 

Vermont, October 9, 1802; a manufacturer; 
died at Arlington ; married Delia Deming. 5. 

Amos, at Arlington, May 25, 1804. 6. Abigail, 
at Arlington, September 25, 1805; married 
John Lee, and lived in Troy, New York, where 
she died; married (second) Captain Tupper, 
of Troy. 7. William, at Arlington, March 29, 
1807; owned a large tannery in Annaquashi- 
coke, New York, and died there ; married Eva- 
line Kelley. 8. Beulah, at Arlington, January 
14, 1809; married Orrin Hard, a prosperous 
farmer. 9. Mary Ann, at Arlington, November 
22, 181 1 ; resided at Tom's River, New Jersey, 
and died there ; married William S. Holden. 
10. Nelson, at Arlington, May 12, 1816; a 
farmer and manufacturer in his native town; 
married Eliza Dayton. 11. Eliza, at Arlington, 
November 2, 1819; died there, unmarried. 

(VII) Cyrus A., son of John Holden, was 
bom at Barre, Massachusetts, July 28, 1794, 
and died at Arlington, Vermont, December 
25, 1 891. He removed to Arlington before his 
marriage and followed farming in that town 
during the rest of his life. He married Lavinia 
Hard, who was born at Arlington, September 
3> I793> ^^<i died there December 18, 1882. 
Children, all born at Arlington: i. Charles 
H., born January 28, 1825, died at Saratoga 
Springs, New York, April 30, 1901; was at 
one time captain of the Troy Steamship Line, 
and for thirty years was in the employ of the 
Rensselaer & Saratoga Railroad Company; a 
prominent Free Mason, and at one time grand 
commander of the Knights Templar of the 
state of New York; proprietor of the Holden 
House, Saratoga Springs; married Mary 
Young, of Saratoga. 2. Cyrus Deming, De- 
cember 10, 1826, died February 28, 1859, killed 
in a accident on the Rutland & Washington 
railroad; a hotel proprietor in Chicago for a 
number of years; a resident of Arlington at 
the time of his death; unmarried. 3. George 
Belus, mentioned below. 4. Willard, died in 

(VIII) George Belus, son of Cyrus A. 
Holden, was born at Arlington, Vermont, Sep- 
tember 15, 1828, and died there March 6, 1905. 
Except for a few years in Manchester, he re- 
sided all his life in Arlington. When a young 
man he was a clerk, and in after years a 
farmer. In politics he was a Republican, and 
for nearly thirty years he was town clerk of 
Arlington. For a number of years he was 
warden of the Protestant Episcopal church. 
He married Marion S. Rule, who was born at 
Arlington, Vermont, April 20, 1836, and died 
there November 27, 1900. She was an ex- 
emplary Christian, a communicant of the Epis- 
copal church. Children: i. Charles Stuart, 
bom at Arlington, March 5, 1869; now a rail- 
road man at Fitchburg, Massachusetts; mar- 
ried Mary Crowley, of Hoosick Falls, New 
York. 2. Edward Henry, mentioned below. 

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3. Mary L., bom April 7, 1872; for several 
years was town clerk of Arlington, succeeding 
her father, and is now assistant county clerk in 
Bennington; member of Daughters of the 
American Revolution; married Qarence E. 
Adams, who was born in Cuttingsville, Ver- 
mont, and died at Arlington, October 31, 1898; 
a merchant ; in politics, a Democrat. 4. Flor- 
ence Marion, a teacher in the Arlington 

(IX) Edward Henry, son of George Belus 
Holden, was born at Manchester, Vermont, 
April 7, 1872. When he was a young boy, his 
parents moved to Arlington. He attended the 
public schools there and the Burr and Burton 
Seminary at Manchester. In 1889 he became 
a clerk in a store in Arlington, and for several 
years occupied a variety of positions in that 
town. In 1896 he began to study law in the 
office of O. M. Barber, of Arlington. In 1897 
he came to Bennington and served three years 
as deputy county clerk. While filling this 
office he enlisted in the First Vermont Regi- 
ment, National Guard, and was appointed cor- 
poral. During the Spanish war he went with 
his regiment to Chickamauga. After he was 
mustered out at the close of the war, he re- 
sumed the study of law, and in 1899 was ad- 
mitted to the bar. In 1900 he began to prac- 
tice law at Manchester. Two years later he 
went to Bennington, where he became a mem- 
ber of the present law firm of Holden & Healy. 
In politics Mr. Holden is a Republican. He was 
appointed municipal judge by Governor Prouty 
in 1908, and has been reappointed biannually 
since. He is a trustee of the incorporated village 
of Bennington, and a communicant of the Prot- 
estant Episcopal church. He is past master of 
Red Mountain Lodge of Free Masons, No. 13 ; 
past eminent commander of Taft Commandery, 
No. 8, Knights Templar; D. D. G. E. R. for 
Vermont of the Benevolent and Protective 
Order of Elks. He married, April 21, 1903, in 
Manchester, Mary Anstice Thayer, who was 
bom at Manchester, December 9, 1876, educated 
in the schools of her native town and at the 
Manchester Seminary, communicant of the 
Episcopal church. She is a daughter of James 
Adin Thayer, who was born at New fane, Ver- 
mont, 1858, died at Rutland, January 16, 1910, 
married Marietta Moffatt, who is living in 
Manchester. He was proprietor of a hotel at 
Manchester, a Republican in politics, member 
of the Humane Society. 

Stephen E. Thayer, son of Jonathan Thayer, 
and father of James Adin, was born at Towns- 
hend, Vermont, 1816, died about 1896; was a 
hotel proprietor at Manchester, a Democrat in 
politics. He married, October 3, 1843, Anstice 
A. Taft, of Windham, Vermont. She was 
bom November 3, 1821. Children: Stephen A., 


September 2, 1844; George O., March 12, 
1847; ^"d James Adin, mentioned above. He 
was descendec} from the old Thayer family of 
Massachusetts, originating in Braintree and 
Weymouth. Anstice Taft was a daughter of 
Amariah Taft, a native of Uxb ridge, Massa- 
chusetts, who died there September 5, 1856, 
aged eighty years nine months, a farmer, de- 
scendant of Robert Taft, progenitor of Presi- 
dent W. H. Taft and most of the other Taft 
families of the country. Children of Mr. and 
Mrs. Holden : Robert Thayer, born at Benn- 
ington, January 9, 1906; Marion Rule, June 
14, 1907 ; Anstice Taft, October 8, 1912. 

Henry Pierson, the immigrant 
PIERSON ancestor, was bom in England 

and settled in Lynn, whence 
he came as early as 1640 to Southampton, 
Long Island, with a colony from Massachu- 
setts, of which Rev. Abraham Pierson, first 
president of Yale College, believed to be his 
brother, was the pastor, Henry married Mary 
Cooper, who was also from Lynn. From 
1669 to 1680 Henry was clerk of Suffolk 
county, Long Island, New Yprk. He died in 
1680-81. His widow married Rev. Seth 
Fletcher and went to live at Elizabethtown, 
New Jersey, taking her son Benjamin Pier- 
son with her. Children of Henry and Mary 
Pierson : John ; Daniel ; Joseph ; Henry, born 
1652, died 1701 ; Benjamin, died 1731 ; Theo- 
dore, mentioned below; Sarah, bom January 
20, 1660. 

(II) Theodore, son of Henry Pierson, was 
born at Southampton, about 1665-70. He had 
sons, John, and Job, mentioned below. 

(III) Job, son of Theodore Pierson, was 
born in 1697, and died in 1788. He had sons, 
David, and Lemuel, mentioned below. 

(IV) Lemuel, son of Job Pierson, was born 
in 1723, in Southampton. He was a farmer. 
Among his children were : Samuel, mentioned 
below; William, born 1762. . 

(V) Sanwiel, son of Lemuel Pierson, was 
born at Bridgehampton, Long Island, January 
I, 1753, and died there October 13, 1838. He 
married, December 17, 1778, Jerusha Conklin, 
who was bom May 15, 1759. He was a promi- 
nent citizen and held various town offices. 
Children: Joanna, born March i, 1780, mar- 
ried El>enezer White; Samuel Dayton, born 
October 4, 1786; Esther, August 24, 1789, mar- 
ried D. H. Harris; Job, mentioned below; 
Mary, May 10, 1794, married her second 
cousin, Samuel Huntting Pierson, in 181 5. 

(VI) Job (2), son of Samuel Pierson, was 
born at Bridgehampton, Long Island, New 
York, September 23, 1791, and died April 9, 
i860, at Troy, New York. He was graduated 
from Williams College in 181 1. He was fitted 

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for college by Rev. Samuel Woolworth, of 
Williamstown, Massachusetts. He read law at 
Salem, Washington county, Nevv York, and 
in 1815 became law partner of Judge Knicker- 
bocker, of Schaghticoke, New York. He mar- 
ried, September 24, 1815, Clarissa laintor 
Bulkley (see Biilkley). He was elected in 
1834 surrogate of Rensselaer county, New 
York, and from 1830 to 1834 was representa- 
tive in congress. His wife died in 1865. Chil- 
dren : I. Sarah Jerusha, born at Schaghticoke, 
December 12, 1816, died at Bloomfieid, New 
York, January 21, 1866; married, December, 
1839, Philip T. Heartt, a manufacturer of 
Troy ; United States consul at Glasgow, Scot- 
land. 2. Samuel Dayton, May 23, 1819, died 
in California, in 1850; a graduate of Williams, 
and a lawyer. 3. Job, mentioned below. 4. 
Mary Bulkley, August 18, 1825 ; married Oscar 
Winship, major in United States army ; had a 
son, Samuel Cooper, residing in New York 
City, a broker ; she died in New York City, in 
191 2. 5. John Bulkley, born at Troy, January 
27, 1828, died there in 1878; president of Na- 
tional City Bank of Troy ; married Mary Lock- 
wood; daughter Mary died aged three years. 
(VH) Job (3), son of Job (2) Pierson, 
was born at Schaghticoke, New York, Febru- 
ary 3, 1824. He prepared for college at Ballard 
Academy, Bennington, Vermont, and in the 
Francis School of Troy, New York, and was 
graduated from Williams College in 1842. He 
entered Auburn Theological Seminary, from 
which he was graduated in 1847, ^^^ ^^ was 
ordained in the Presbyterian ministry in 1851. 
He had pastorates at Corning, New York; 
West Stockbridge, Massachusetts; Catskill, 
Pitts ford and Victor, New York; Kalamazoo 
and Ionia, Michigan; and from 1889 to 1894 
was librarian of Alma College, Michigan. For 
twenty years he worked on the New English 
Dictionary, published by the Philological Soci- 
ety of England. He died at Stanton, Michi- 
gan, in February, 1896. He married, Febru- 
ary 7, 1849, 2it Geneva, New York, Rachel W. 
Smith, born December 11, 1820, at Gloucester, 
Massachusetts, died January, 1908, at Atlantic 
City, New Jersey, daughter of John and Lucy 
(Pindar) Smith. She was a pious and ex- 
emplary member of the Presbyterian church. 
Children: i. Clarissa Taintor, born at Troy, 
September 15, 1850, died in i88g, in New 
York City; married Beverly Chew, of New 
York City, vice-president of Metropolitan 
Trust Company of that city. 2. Samuel Day- 
ton, born at Pittsford, New York. October, 
1852 : a capitalist, living at Geneva, New York. 
3. John W. Smith, born at Pittsford, in 1854; 
a retired capitalist, residin?: at Stanton. Michi- 
gan: married, in 1894, Clara Dillingham, of 
Cold Water, Michigan. 4. Bowen Whiting, 

born at Victor, New York, 1858, died in New 
York City in 1907; secretary of Alberger Con- 
denser Company of New York; married Nanie 
Meach, of Norwich, Connecticut. 5. Philip 
T. H., mentioned below. 

(\ HI) Philip Titus Heartt, son of Job (3) 
Pieison, was born March 15, 1859, in Victor, 
New York. He attended the public schools at 
Kalamazoo and Ionia, Michigan. From 1874 
to 1877 he studied under private tutors in 
Ionia. He then engaged in the hardware busi- 
ness in Central Michigan, and continued in 
business for thirty-three years. In 1907 he 
retired and made his home in Bennington, Ver- 
mont, devoting himself to books and study. 
For thirty-five years he has been a lover of 
books, and has collected a magnificent library 
of more than five thousand volumes, compris- 
ing many rare works, and first editions of the 
fi tteenth, sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. 
But his library is preeminently a working 
library. He has some eight hundred volumes 
of history and a collection of four hundred 
volumes of Shakespeariana. He is now mak- 
ing a collection of books relating to Abraham 
Lincoln. In pohtics Mr. Pierson. is a Repub- 
lican. While in Michigan he filled the office 
of alderman and member of the school board. 
He is at present probation officer for Benning- 
ton county. He is vice-president of the Free 
Library Association, and chairman of the book 
committee. He is a member of the Benning- 
ton Club and of the Bennington Battle Monu- 
ment and Historical Association of Vermont ; 
of the Vermont Historical Association; the 
Bennington County Fish and Game Club ; the 
Bennington Board of Trade; the American 
Economic Association. He is a contributing 
member of George A. Custer Post, Grand 
Army of the Republic, and a member of Benn- 
ington Grange, Patrons of Husbandry. He is 
clerk of the Second Congregational Church, 
and superintendent of the Guide Board Sun- 
day School, a member of the Congregational 
Brotherhood, and of the West Vermont Con- 
gregational Club. In the Young Men's Chris- 
tian Association he has taken an active part. 
He has been moderator of the Bennington 
County Congregational Society for three years. 
He is secretary of the Pierson Brothers Com- 
pany of New York, and vice-president of the 
John W. S. Pierson Company, dealing in Mich- 
igan real estate. He is financially interested in 
many corporations. 

(The Bulkley Line). 

This family dates back to the reign of King 
John, 1 199-1226, when Baron Robert de Bulke- 
ley lived: his son. Baron William, married a 
daughter of Thomas Butler, and their son. 
Baron Robert (3), married Jane, daughter of 

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Sir William Butler. Baron William (4) mar- 
ried, 1302, Maud, daughter of Sir John Daven- 
port, and Baron Robert (5), their son, married 

Agnes . Baron Peter (6) married 

Nicola, daughter of Thomas Bird, and Baron 
John (7), of Houghton, married Arderne Fil- 
ley. Baron Hugh (8) married Helen Wilbra- 
ham, and Baron Humphrey (9) married Grisel 
Moulton. Baron William (10), of Oakley, 
married Beatrice Hill, and Baron Thomas (11) 
married Elizabeth Grosvenor. Rev. Edward 
(12) de Bulkeley was bom at Ware, Shrop- 
shire, England, son of Baron Thomas de Bulke- 
ley, and attended St. John's College, Cam- 
bridge ; was curate of St. Mary's, Shrewsbury, 
prebend of Chester and of Litchfield, rector of 
All Saints, Odell, in the hundred of Willey, 
Bedfordshire, where he died, being succeeded 
by his scm Peter, mentioned below ; he married 
Almark Irlby (or Islby), of Lincolnshire. 

(XIH) Rev. Peter Bulkeley, son of Rev. 
Edward Bulkeley, was bom January 31, 1582- 
83, at Odell, Bedfordshire, England, and 
entered St. John's College, Cambridge, March 
23, 1604-05 ; fellow, i6<:S, with M. A. degree, 
and "said, but on doubtful authority, to have 
proceeded Bachelor of Divinity." He succeed- 
ed his father as rector at Odell, and was known 
as a non-conformist, but his friend. Lord 
Keeper Williams, "desired to deal gently with 
his non-conformity," as he had with his father's 
for twenty years. When Laud became Pri- 
mate of England, 1633. Bulkeley was silenced, 
and after selling his estate he sailed ifi 1635, 
at the age of fifty-two, on the ship "Susan and 
EHen," with his children for America. His wife 
Grace was enrolled on the "Elizabeth and Ann," 
but doubtless sailed with her husband, and, ac- 
cording to tradition, was so ill during the trip 
that she was at one time thought dead ; after 
three days she revived, and in time regained 
her health. Bulkeley settled first at Cambridge, 
becoming a first settler at Concord the next 
year ; he had a grant of 300 acres at Cambridge 
three years later. On April 6, 1637, he was 
installed pastor of the Concord church. He 
was a very learned and pious man, and wrote 
several Latin poems, also publishing in Lon- 
don, 1646, "The Gospel Covenant," made up 
of sermons and an elegy on his friend, Rev. 
Hooker. He was among the first to teach the 
Indians, and his influence is given as a reason 
for Concord's immunity from Indian attacks. 
He died at Concord, March 9. 1658-9. His 
will, dated April 14, 1658, with codicils of 
January 13 and Febmary 26 following, was 
proved June 20, 1659. He gave many books 
to Harvard Collie. He married (first) Jane, 
daughter of Thomas Allen, of Goldington, and 
she died at Odell in 1626. He married (sec- 
ond) about 1634, Grace, daughter of Sir Rich- 

ard and Dorothy (Needham) Chetwoode, of 
Odell. She was born 1602, and died April 21, 
1669, at New London, Connecticut. Children 
of first wife, born in England: Edward, June 
17, 1614; Mary, baptized August 24, 1615, 
died young; Thomas, born April 11, 1617; 
Nathaniel, November 29, 1618, died 1627; 
John, born February 11, 1620; George, May 
17, 1623; Daniel, August 28, 1625; Jabez, De- 
cember 20, 1626, died young; Joseph (prob- 
ably) 1629; William, of Ipswich, in 1648; 
Richard. Children of second wife, born in 
New England: Gershom, December 6, 1636, 
mentioned below ; Elizabeth ; Dorothy, August 
2, 1640; Peter, August 12, 1643. 

(XIV) Rev. Gershom Bulkeley, son of Rev. 
Peter Bulkeley, was born at Concord, Decem- 
ber 6, 1636, and died December 2, 1713. He 
graduated from Harvard in 1655 as a fellow 
of the college. In 1661 he became minister of 
the Second Church at New London, Connecti- 
cut, and in 1666-67 moved to Wethersfield, 
where he became pastor. In 1676 he retired 
because of poor health, and devoted himself 
to practicing medicine and surgery, in which he 
achieved much success and reputation. He 
was an ardent student of chemistry and philos- 
ophy, and master of several languages, also 
being an expert surveyor. In 1675 he was ap- 
pointed surgeon of Connecticut troops in King 
Philip's war, and was on the council of war, 
the court giving orders that especial care for 
his safety be taken. His will, dated May 28, 
1712, was proved December 7, 1713. He mar- 
ried, October 28, 1659, Sarah Chauncey, born 
at Ware, England, June 13, 1631, died June 3, 
1699, daughter of Rev. Charles Chauncey, 
president of Harvard College. Children : Cath- 
erine, born about 1660; Dorothy, about 1662; 
Dr. Charles, about 1663; Peter, lost at sea; 
Edward, 1672; John, mentioned below. 

(XV) Rev. John Bulkeley, son of Rev. 
Gershom Bulkeley, was bom in 1679. He 
graduated from Harvard College in 1699, 
studied divinity, and was ordained minister at 
the Colchester church, Connecticut, December 
20, 1703. He had high rank among the New 
England clergymen. He published several 
books on religion and the church. Dr. Chauncey 
wrote very highly of his gifts and personality 
and strength of character, rating him among 
New England's most famous men of the time. 
He married, in 1701, Patience, daughter of 
John and Sarah Prentice. Children: Sarah, 
born April 8, 1702; daughter, born and died 
May 6, 1704; John, born April 19, 1705 ; Dor- 
othy, February 28, 1708; Gershom, mentioned 
below; Charles, December 26, 17 10; Peter, No- 
vember 21, 1712; Patience, May 21, 1715* 
Oliver, July 29, 1717; Lucy, June 20. 1720, 
died February 20, 1722; Irene, twin, February 

Digitized by 




lo, 1722; Joseph, twin, February 10, 1722, died 
February 25, 1722. 

(XVI) Gershom Bulkley, son of Rev. John 
Bulkeley, was born in Colchester, February 
4, 1709 ; a prominent citizen of that town, hold- 
ing many offices; married, November 28, 1732, 
Abigail Robbins. Children, born at Colches- 
ter: Sarah, January 10, 1735; John, men- 
tioned below; Joshua, February 24, 1741; 
Daniel, May 13, 1744; Eunice, May 14, 1747; 
David, July 18, 1749; Roger, September 14, 
1751; Ann, May 11, 1758. 

(XVII) John, son of Gershom Bulkley, was 
born in Colchester, August 23, 1738; married, 
January 11, 1759, Judith Worthington. Chil- 
dren: John, born October 7, 1759; William, 
August 30, 1761 ; Gershom, October 3, 1763 ; 
Elijah, January 29, 1766; Nabby, December 
30, 1769; Joshua Robbins, mentioned below; 
Mary, February 2, 1774; Judith, January 30, 
1775; Gurdon, March 15, 1777; Gad, Febru- 
ary 20, 1779; Lydia, April 25, 1781 ; Dan, 
March 20, 1784; Harriet, January 22, 1787. 

(XVIII) Joshua Robbins, son of John 
Bulkley, was born November 2, 1771, and died 
September 16, 1838, at Williamstown. He 
married Sarah Taintor, who was born in 1770- 
71, in Colchester, and died at Williamstown, 
May 7, 1848. Gurdon and Gershom, his 
brothers, also settled in Williamstown. Chil- 
dren, bom there: Qarissa Taintor, Novem- 
ber 21, 1794, married Job (2) Pierson (see 
Pierson) ; Mary, May 29, 1797; John Robbins, 
April 27, 1801 ; Caroline Emily, April 21, 
1803; John Robbins, April 17, 1805; Charles 
T., August 22, 1808; Sarah Abby, February 
10, 181 1. 

The McGuinness family 
McGUINNESS is of recent emigration to 
America, but became dis- 
tinguished in the state of Rhode Island through 
the career of the late Hon. Edwin D. McGuin- 
ness, formerly a mayor of the city of Provi- 
dence, where he was an honored and much 
respected citizen. 

Bernard, son of Felix McGuinness, and 
father of the late Hon. Edwin D. McGuinness, 
was born in county Antrim, Ireland. When 
about thirteen years of age his parents brought 
him to this country. They settled in Provi- 
dence, where they and he remained for the rest 
of their lives. His first appearance in the busi- 
ness world was in the employ of the Cranston 
Print Works, remaining there a number of 
years. Next he entered the offices of the old 
Providence, Hartford & Fishkill Railroad 
Company, then located near Gaspee street, and 
with them rose from the humblest of positions 
to head clerk. He was long with this railroad 
company and subsequently began business in- 

dependently, with an office in the Merchant's 
Bank building. His interests there were con- 
cerned with the handling of real estate and 
allied transactions, which he continued for 
thirty years at the same location. He achieved 
great success, and himself attended to all the 
details of his business up to the time of his 
final illness, a few weeks before his death. He 
died March 12, 1902, aged sixty-eight years. 
He married. May 30, 1855, Mrs. Mary (Gorm- 
ley) Higgins, born in Ireland, daughter of 
Michael Gormley. Her children by her first 
marriage were : Father William F. and James 
Higgins. Children of Bernard McQuinness: 
Edwin Daniel, of whom further; John, now 
deceased; Mary Josephine, married Thomas 
F. Gilbane, of Providence. Mrs. McGuinness 
died July 21, 1895, aged seventy years. 

Hon. Edwin Daniel McGuinness, son of 
Bernard McGuinness, was born in the First 
Ward, Providence, May 17, 1856. He was 
educated in the public schools of his native 
city, from which he was graduated in 1873. 
Entering Brown University, he was graduated 
with honors in 1877, receiving the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts. He began the study of law 
with Charles P. Robinson, Esq., but in the fall 
of 1877 entered Boston Law School, from 
which he received his diploma as Bachelor of 
Laws in June, 1879, reaching the highest per- 
centage given in this examination. July i, 
1879, he was admitted to the Rhode Island bar. 
He then commenced active practice for him- 
self, combining with John Doran, now asso- 
ciate justice of the superior court of Rhode 
Island, to form the firm of McGuinness & 
Doran. He soon gathered a large and profit- 
able clientele. With his interest in political 
affairs he soon reached some prominence as a 
politician, which brought him later honors. As 
a strong Democrat, he worked actively for his 
party. For three years he was a member of 
the Democratic state central committee, and 
was chairman of the Democratic city conven- 
tion of 1885, which nominated Thomas A. 
Doyle for mayor. With the ticket which 
elected John W. Davis as Democratic governor 
of Rhode Island, Mr. McGuinness was elected 
secretary of state in 1887. He was reelected 
in 1890, each time serving one year. Mr. Mc- 
Guinness was the first Roman Catholic to hold 
this office, and he showed himself to be one of 
the ablest of state officers. In 1889 he was 
elected alderman, and succeeded himself for 
several years. He was alderman from Ward 
3, from September, 1889, to January, 1893, and 
upon retirement from this office was presented 
with a silver water pitcher bearing the follow- 
ing inscription : "Presented to Aid. Edwin D. 
McGuinness by His Honor Mayor Potter and 
Aldermen Burrows, Harris, West, Olney, 

Digitized by 



Digitized by ' 

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Little, Rounds, Fuller, Winship and Ballou, 
City Clerk Clarke and City Messenger Rhodes." 

Mr. McGuinness was nominated for mayor 
in 1893 by the Democratic city convention, and 
was defeated ; the following year he achieved 
his ambition. Although a powerful partisan 
fight was made against him in 1894, the strong 
iiwiependent element came to his support. 
After the election he was called to the bench 
of Judge Stiness and congratulated on his suc- 
cess. He set aside partisan ideas the moment 
he entered office, and his record as mayor is a 
monument which will make his name long re- 
membered and honored in Providence. After 
one year in office he was renominated by the 
Democrats, and in the campaign of i8g6 car- 
ried the city by 10,000 votes, while William 
McKinley, the popular presidential candidate 
on the Republican ticket, carried the. same city 
for his office by 7,000 votes. Every election 
district in the city gave Mr. McGuinness a 
majority. It was said that the council and 
board of alderman never passed a bill over his 
veto. Although so greatly trusted, Mr. Mc- 
Guinness soon felt the strain of his tremendous 
work and was stricken with illness in the midst 
of his municipal work. He was a splendid 
looking man, over six feet tall, weighing nearly 
two hundred pounds. 

One of the last pieces of business over which 
be worried was that of the new station of the 
New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad 
Company in Providence. They had agreed to 
protect passengers by rainsheds, and made con- 
tract to that effect. The new station was 
within two days of being opened to the public 
use, when Mayor McGuinness consulted with 
the late Francis A. Caldwell, the city solicitor. 
The mayor then forbade the opening of this 
station until the road had fulfilled its contract. 
President Qark was notified, and the case 
came before the courts of Rhode Island. Mayor 
McGuinness was victorious, and one year from 
this time, the sheds being completed, permis- 
sion was given to the company by the city of 
Providence to occupy the station. Such con- 
flicts as this with corrupt or careless corpora- 
tions, to have their contracts and other obliga- 
tions fulfilled to the letter, caused the mayor 
great mental worry. During the suit Mr. 
Clark, president of the road, came to Provi- 
dence in his private car and invited Mayor 
McGuinness to visit him. The mayor did so, 
but both showed the strain of a hard and 
bitter fight, even though making each other's 
acquaintance so pleasantly afterward. The 
struggle probably shortened the lives of both 
these remarkable men. 

Mr. McGuinness never fully recovered his 
health, but in 1898 went south in an attempt to 

restore his shattered strength, returning home 
somewhat improved. Reentering the field of 
legal practice, he was again gathering together 
a large number of clients, but early in 1901 his 
condition became so much worse, that he was 
obliged to again go south. About two weeks 
before his death he returned home, and passed 
away in Providence, April 21, 1901, in the 
forty-fifth year of his age. 

The importance of a state system of military 
control in time of public dissension was recog- 
nized by Mr. Guinness early in his career. He 
became connected with the Fifth Battalion of 
Rhode Island Militia, and was its adjutant 
from 1879 to 1881. Being promoted to major, 
he served as such from 1881 to 1887. For two 
years he was president of the Brownson 
Lyceum. In the Catholic Knights of America 
for many years he was supreme trustee. He 
was a popular member also of the following 
associations: The American Bar Association, 
the Rhode Island Historical Society, the West 
Side Qub, the University Club, the Wanna- 
moisett Golf Club, the Press Club, and the 
Reform Club of New York, the Clover Club 
of Boston, and others. Numerous editorials 
appeared in testimony of the popular appre- 
ciation of Mr. McGuinness*s life and services 
after his death. The Providence News said: 
"There was much crowded into his career of 
forty-five years that will long be affectionately 
remembered. * * * As a friend and a 
man Edwin D. McGuinness*s career will long 
be a sweet memory in the keeping of hundreds 
of his fellow citizens. He was always kind, 
unaffected and earnest in his devotion to those 
who had the pleasure of his friendship. Noth- 
ing that he achieved affected the frankness and 
simplicity of his character that first won him 
friends, and none will regret him more or 
longer than those that knew him as a man." 
The Providence Journal displayed this expres- 
sion of its feeling for the former mayor : "In 
the death of Edwin D. McGuinness the city of 
Providence has lost a useful citizen and an 
honorable man. To no small extent, indeed, 
he was a victim to his sense of duty, for the 
burden placed on him as mayor had much to 
do with impairing his health. His election to 
that office was the first great triumph here for 
independence in politics. All the influence of 
the machine was arrayed against him. He was 
a Democrat in a community normally Repub- 
lican by a large majority. * * * Mr. Mc- 
Guinness won by reason of the belief in his 
ability and character and the confidence in the 
sincerity of his purpose to administer the 
affairs of the city on a business-like basis. 
How well he fulfilled expectation everyone 
knows. It was to him first of all that the suc- 

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cess of the fight against the New Haven road 
in the matter of train-sheds was due ; and his 
administration of his office was throughout 
particularly commendable." Another tribute 
is as follows : "Edwin McGuinness possessed 
the characteristics which made public men 
popular, and it was in view of this fact 
p^tially that it was easy for those who six 
years ago believed conditions at City Hall 
should be somewhat changed to make him the 
rallying figure in their movement. They made 
him mayor, and as mayor he made the men who 
were responsible for him proud of their choice. 
In his entire career as the official head of the 
city there was not one act which evoked harsh 
criticism, or which did other than redound to 
the benefit of the municipality." 

Edwin D. McGuinness married, November 
22, 1 88 1, Ellen T. Noonan, of Providence. 
She was the daughter of Timothy and Ellen 
(Couch) Noonan. Mayor McGuinness' home 
Aras situated during his later years at No. 131 
Hope street. They had only one daughter by 
this marriage : Mary Frances, who resides in 
Providence with her mother. 

John Cooke, the immigrant an- 
COOKE cestor, settled in Middletown, 
Connecticut, where he died Janu- 
ary 16, 1705. He is said to have come from 
Wales. He married (first) , and (sec- 
ond) Hannah Harris, who was born February 
II, 1669-70, daughter of Captain Daniel 
Harris, of Middletown; Captain Harris mar- 
ried Mary, daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth 
Weld, of Roxbury : he was son of Thomas and 
Elizabeth Harris : the latter Elizabeth married 
(second) Deacon William Stilson, of Charles- 
town, who continued the ferry to Boston which 
her husband had run; she was twenty- four 
years older than her second husband. On 
October 8, 1690, John Cooke purchased of 
William Parker five acres of land in "Pota- 
paug Quarter," which he sold June 19, 1696. 
back to William Parker. His will was dated 
August 15, 1698. The house which he built 
was still standing within a generation. Chil- 
dren by first wife, of age at the time of his 
death: John; Mary. By second wife: Dan- 
iel, of whom further; Sarah, aged twelve in 
1705; Ebenezer, aged seven in 1705. 

(U) Daniel, son of John Cooke, was born 
at Saybrook, Connecticut, September 19, 1691, 
and died February 7, 1738. He married, Feb- 
ruary 4, 1713, Mary, daughter of Nicholas and 
Mary (Haile) Power, of Swanzey, Massachu- 
setts; Nicholas was son of Nicholas, son of 
Nicholas Power, of Rhode Island. Mary 
Power was born March 29, 1696, and died 
December 17, 1741. The immigrant, Nicholas 

Power, was an associate of Roger WiUiams in 
the settlement of Providence, and also was one 
of the thirteen purchasers of Shawomet, now 
Warwick, Rhode Island ; his son Nicholas was 
slain at the Narragansett fight, December 19, 
1675, during King Philip's war, leaving a 
widow, Rebecca, daughter of Zechariah 
Rhodes, who married Daniel, son of Roger 
Williams. Among the children of Daniel 
Cooke was: Nicholas, mentioned below. 

(Ill) Governor Nicholas Cooke, son of 
Daniel Cooke, was bom February 3, 1717, third 
child of Daniel. He became a successful ship- 
master, taking to sea life when young, and 
was a merchant of his native port. He owned 
several estates in Rhode Island, Massachusetts 
and Connecticut, which he successfully carried 
on, as well as engaging in rope-making and 
distilling. He became a rich and influential 
man, and held many offices of trust, being gov- 
ernor of the state of Rhode Island from No- 
vember, 1775, to May, 1778. He died sud- 
denly November 14, 1782. At the outbreak 
of the revolution the state needed a man of 
unusual ability, and John Howland, also promi- 
nent at that time, wrote an account of Cooke's 
abilities, and of the eflForts to secure his aid, 
part of which was as follows : 

Nicholas Cooke, of Providence, was the man 
unanimously agreed on. The question was, could 
he be persuaded to accept the position? * * ♦ 
Both houses were waiting in anxious solicitude for 
the return of their messengers. They stated the 
urgency of the case. Mr. Cooke pleaded his ad- 
vanced age and the retired habits which unfitted 
him for meeting the expectations of the Assembly. 
* * * He finally consented, though nothing but 
the critical state of the country would have induced 
him to do so. The appointment of Governor Cooke 
was received with joy throughout the state. With 
a solid judgment, and an ardent and just sense of 
the American cause, he was a man of great de- 
cision of character. * ♦ ♦ He seemed to rise 
with the spirit of the day, and brought into action 
abilities and strength of mind which in private life 
would perhaps never have been duly appreciated, 

When he died, the Providence Gazette pub- 
lished an account of his life, from which the 
following has been taken : 

He was many years an eminent Merchant, and 
acquired a handsome Fortune in the course of his 
Business, of which he communicated freely to those 
who stood in Need. He was a Person of steady 
Virtue, of a chearful Disposition, affable in his De- 
portment, and of course beloved and respected of 
his Acquaintance. ♦ * * He held that Office 
(Deputy Governor) until October following, when 
he was appointed Governor, and continued to dis- 
tinguish himself in that Capacity until May, 1778, 
bv the most unwearied Attention to public busi- 
ness, and by the most inflexible Firmness in the 
great Cause of American Liberty. ♦ * * In 
short, his Widow hath lost the kindest Husband, 

Digitized by 




his Children a tender Parent, the Church a most 
vahiable Member, and the Country at large a 
Friend indeed, etc. 

He married, September 23, 1740, Hannah, 
daughter of Hezekiah Sabin, the first settler 
of the part of northeastern Connecticut, where 
his *'Red Tavern" for many years was a fav- 
orite resort for travelers. She was born March 
13, 1722, and died March 21, 1792. Among his 
children was : Jesse, mentioned below. 

(IV) Jesse, ninth child of Governor Nich- 
olas Cooke, was born in Providence, Rhode 
Island, December 19, 1757, and died Septem- 
^r i3» 1794- Colonel Jeremiah Olney, who 
married Sarah, Jesfse's sister, received from 
Washington the appointment of first collector- 
ship of Providence, and he turned an impor- 
tant department over to his brother-in-law 
Jesse. Jesse Cooke owned a large tract of land 
in the east part of the town, and he was so 
pleased by his appointment that he offered 
some of this to the Colonel, who refused it as 
"it was so far out of town," and he wished to 
live nearer. After some years Colonel Olney 
bought part of this lot and lived on it. Jesse 
Cooke married (first) August 25, 1783, Ros- 
anna, daughter of Captain Christopher and 
Rosanna (Arnold) Sheldon; Rosanna Arnold 
was daughter of Israel, who was son of Israel 
and Elizabeth (Smith) Arnold; Elizabeth was 
daughter of Benjamin and Lydia (Carpenter) 
Smith. Captain Christopher Sheldon, was a 
prominent man in Providence, and was son of 
Joseph, son of Nicholas, and Abigail (TiUing- 
hast) Sheldon; Abigail was daughter of the 
well-known Elder Pardon Tillinghast. Joseph 
Sheldon, son of Nicholas, married Lydia, 
daughter of Israel Arnold; Nicholas was son 
of John Sheldon, the immigrant ancestor, who 
married, 1661, Joan Vincent. Rosanna (Shel- 
don) Cooke died November 20, 1789. Jesse 
Cooke married (second) Hannah, daughter of 
Samuel and Elizabeth (Sheldon) Warner. She 
married (second) George Hudson, and died 
March 16, 1800. Child by first wife: Joseph S., 
mentioned below. By second wife : Rosanna 
Sheldon, born August 30, 1792, died December 
20, 1808. 

(V) Joseph Sheldon, only son of Jesse 
Cooke, was born October 27. 1784, in Provi- 
dence. He had the name Sheldon added to 
Joseph, when he became of age, by act of the 
legislature. After taking a trip to Europe he 
married, and in October, 1807, beisran business 
as a dry ?oods dealer in Providence. In No- 
vember, i8o7, Charles Potter became his part- 
ner, under the firm name of Cooke & Potter. 
The firm dissolved in January, 1809, and Mr. 
Cooke continued in the business alone until the 
following spring, when he became business 

agent and an original proprietor of the Lyman 
Cotton Manufacturing Company. For eighteen 
years he remained in this work, retiring in 
1828. After a short time he joined Job Angell 
in a wholesale dry goods business at Provi- 
dence and then in New York, finally trans- 
ferring the whole to New York. This estab- 
lishment became one of the best known in the 
country, and he kept his interest in it until his 
death, October 10, 1841. He was also inter- 
ested when a young man in trading, and was 
part owner of several vessels. He took stock 
in the Blackstone canal for himself and his 
children, and aided other public enterprises, as 
the Providence & Taunton turnpike, and owned 
stock also in the Blackstone Canal Bank. In 
June, 1832, Providence became a city, and he 
was the first one elected to the common coun- 
cil from the Third Ward, serving in that office 
in 1832-33. On December 21, 1812, he joined 
Mount Vernon Lodge of Masons, Providence, 
and after holding other offices he became mas- 
ter of the lodge February 22, 181 8, being 
reelected in 1819. In 1820 he joined Provi- 
dence Chapter of Royal Arch Masons, in which 
he held many offices both in the local and in the 
grand chapter of the state. On March 3, 
1820, he became a member of the Providence 
Council of Royal and Select Masters, and in 
1821-23 was its master of exchequer. On 
January 25, 1826, he became a member of St. 
John's Encampment, Knights Templar, and 
from 1838 to 1840 was captain-general. In 
1828 he was grand junior warden of the Grand 
Lodge of the state, and grand senior warden 
in 1829-30. In 1831 he became grand master, 
as well as in 1833-34-35, and it was at this time 
that the famous anti-Masonic movement be- 
came so strong. His ability and love for 
Masonry was shown strongly at this time. In 
1 821 he became a director of the Providence 
Mutual Fire Insurance Company, and one of 
the three trustees, and he held those offices 
until his death. "His probity and sound judg- 
ment, joined to an urbanity and kindness of 
heart almost exceptional, from time to time 
occasioned his selection for other positions of 
honor and trust, most of which his native pref- 
erence for retirement led him to decline ; while 
in the social, and most of all, in the domestic 
circle, his genial qualities diffused an atmos- 
phere enjoyable in a rare degree." He mar- 
ried, September 21, 1807, Mary Welch, who 
lived to be eighty-four years of age. Children, 
born in Providence: James Welch, March 5, 
1810; Rosanna Elizabeth, October 3, 181 1, 
died December 8, 181 «;; Joseph Jesse, men- 
tioned below : Christopher Sheldon, born July 
28, 181 5, died October i, i8t6; George Wil- 
liam, born December 6, 1816, died January 27, 

Digitized by 




1817; Albert Russell, born August 15, 1819; 
George Lewis, September 16, 1821 ; Mary Eliz- 
abeth, June 2^, 1823; Nicholas Francis, Au- 
gust 25, 1829. 

(VI) Joseph Jesse, son of Joseph Sheldon 
Cooke, was born in Providence, June i, 1813. 
When quite young h« left school to begin work 
in his father's store, and when he came of age 
he was a clerk in his father's New York estab- 
lishment. After leaving this position and be- 
coming connected a short time with another 
concern, in 1842 he purchased an estate in 
Cranston, Rhode Island. After a time, with 
his brother George and Mr. Robert S. Baker, 
he established a mercantile firm in San Fran- 
cisco, California, known as Cooke, Baker & 
Company, later Cooke Brothers & Company, 
and this business became very successful. In 
1854 he left this business, as for the last three 
years he had spent most of his time in New 
York as the partner of Joseph J. Cooke & 
Company, a large concern there. In 1869 he 
became one of the three commissioners chosen 
by Providence to establish water works there, 
and he became the successor of Moses B. 
Lockwood, the first president of the board, on 
the latter's death. Until November, 1876, he 
filled this position faithfully and with ability, 
and then became a resident of Newport, where 
he owned an estate. Mr. Cooke was well 
known as a book collector, and he owned one 
of the largest private libraries in the country, 
containing about 25,000 volumes. He was an 
early and staunch member of the Republican 
party, and in 1857 was president of the Rhode 
Island Republican State Convention, and chair- 
man of the Republican State Central Commit- 
tee the same year. In 1855-56 he was presi- 
dent of the Rhode Island Society for the En- 
couragement of Domestic Industry. He mar- 
ried (first) at Lonsdale, Rhode Island, Febru- 
ary 18, 1834, Adelaide Martha Baker, of Provi- 
dence, daughter of John and Avis (Tilling- 
hast) Baker. She was born in Middletown, 
Rhode Island, February 24, 1816, and died at 
Elmwood, Cranston, February 9, 1865. He 
married (second) in Elmwood, September 12, 
1865, Maria Adelaide Salisbury, daughter of 
John and Abby Wilson (Foster) Salisbury, 
born in Warren, Rhode Island, January 21, 
1844. Children by first wife: Joseph Sheldon, 
bom in New York, March 12, 1838, died at 
Weehawken, New Jersey, August i, 1839; 
Adelaide Baker, born in New York, September 
8, 1840; Ellen Goddard, born in Providence, 
December 24, 1847, died there August 16, 
1849: Alice Elizabeth, born in Providence, 
March 18, 1853: Edith, born in Providence, 
March 8, 1854, died there September 6, 1854. 
By second wife : Arthur Elmwood, born and 

died at Elmwood, June 9, 1866; Henry Wil- 
liams, mentioned below. 

(VII) Henry Williams, son of Joseph Jesse 
Cooke, was born at Elmwood, Rhode Island, 
June 26, 1867, and died in Providence, May 
20, 1904. He attended the Mowry & Goff 
School in Providence, and entered Brown Uni- 
versity in the class of 1890, but did not get to 
attend regularly on account of ill health. He 
started in business in the office of Spencer, 
Trask & Company, stock brokers, in Provi- 
dence. In 1892 he established a real estate 
business on his own account, with offices on 
Custom House street. Two years later he ad- 
mitted to partnership Francis M. Smith, and 
the business was continued for ten years under 
the firm name of Henry W. Cooke & Com- 
pany. In January, 1904, the business was 
incorporated as Henry W. Cooke Company. 
Since the Rhode Island Hospital Trust Com- 
pany bank building was completed the business 
has been located there. In the prime of life, 
just as his business had attained large and 
prosperous proportions, Mr. Cooke's life was 
cut short. He was one of the leading real ex- 
perts in real estate, and was often called to 
make appraisals of real estate. His opinion 
on land values was regarded as second to none 
in the city. In politics he was a Republican. 
From 1896 to 1898 he represented the First 
Ward in the common council. He was a mem- 
ber of Brown Chapter of the Psi Upsilon fra- 
ternity, of the Chamber of Commerce, and of 
the Hope, Elmwood and West Side clubs. One 
who knew him well wrote in the Providence 
Journal at the time of his death : 

The city has lost a valuable and enterprising 
citizen and the local real estate field one of its 
ablest leaders. ♦ ♦ ♦ Although a young man, 
Mr. Cooke's genial disposition and familarity with 
real estate made him a very popular and able man. 
He was exceedingly conversant with local realty 
conditions and his integrity and judgment were so 
recognized that upon many occasions he acted as 
an appraiser, while he had been trustee in a num- 
ber of estates. He had built about him a very 
large business and was considered by his associates 
as an honor to the field in which his duties were 

He was a vestryman of the Church of the 
Epiphany, and afterward a communicant of 
Grace Church. He married, November 6, 
1894, Alice Howard Robinson, who was bom 
March 16, 1871 (see Robinson). Children: 
Mareraret Howard, born December 28, 1899; 
Adelaide Welch, April 29, 1901. 

(The Robinson LIne>. 

(I) Rowland Robinson, the immigrant, was 
born in 1654, at or near Long*Bluff, county 
Cumberland, England, and came to this coun- 

Digitized by 




try in 1675. He married Mary Allen, in 1676 ; 
she was bom February 4, 1653, a daughter of 
John and Elizabeth (Brown) Allen, who came 
from Barnstable, England. Her mother was 
a daughter of Governor Bull. Robinson was 
a carpenter by trade. According to tradition 
he ran away from home and came to this coun- 
try, where he apprenticed himself to a carpen- 
ter. He became a man of large wealth for his 
day. He bought large tracts of the Petta- 
quamscutt and Point Judith lands, improved 
them with clearings and buildings, and sold 
farms of 150 to 300 acres each to settlers. He 
died in 17 16, at his home near the cove of the 
Pettaquamscutt river, and he and his wife 
were buried in the Friends' burying ground. 
South Kingstown, Rhode Island. He was 
deputy to the general assembly in 1709. Chil- 
dren: John, bom 1678; Joseph, 1679; Eliza- 
beth, 1680; Margaret, 1683 ; Sarah, 1685 J Row- 
land, 1688; Mercy, 1690; William, mentioned 
below ; Mary, 1705 ; Rowland (2*), 1706 ; Sarah 
(2), 1707; Ruth, 1709. 

(H) Hon. William Robinson, son of Row- 
land Robinson, was born January 26, 1693. 
He married (first) Martha Potter, born De- 
cember 20. 1692, daughter of John and Sarah 
(Wilson) Potter. She died in November, 
1725, and he married (second) March 2, 1727, 
Abigail, widow of Caleb Hazard, and daughter 
of William and Abigail (Remington) Gardner. 
He resided at South Kingstown, Rhode Island, 
and was deputy to the general assembly 1724- 
28. 1734-36, 1741-42. He was speaker of the 
house of deputies 1735-36, 1741-42; deputy 
governor 1745-46-47-48. He was one of the 
most prominent men in the colony for many 
years. He died September 19, 175 1, and his 
widow Abigail died May 22, 1772. Children 
by first wife: Rowland, born 1719; John, 
1721 ; Marah, 1723; Elizabeth, 1724; Martha, 
1725. Children by second wife : Christopher, 
born 1727; William, 1729; Thomas, 1730; Abi- 
gail, 1732; Sylvester, mentioned below; Mary, 
1736; James, 1738; John, 1742. 

(Ill) Sylvester, son of Hon. William Rob- 
inson, was born January 23, 1735. He married 
(first) in 1756, Alice Perry, born Jidy 20, 
1736, daughter of James and Anna (Bennett) 
P^rry, granddaughter of Samuel Perry, and 
great-granddaughter of Edward Perry, of 
Sandwich, Massachusetts. Samuel Perry and 
his brother Benjamin settled at Kingston, 
Rhode Island. Mr. Robinson married (sec- 
ond) Sarah, widow of John Nichol, and daug:h- 
ter of Captain John and Margaret Benton. She 
was born in 1756, and died in New York City, 
September 5, 1822. In 1757 Sylvester Robin- 
son was admitted a freeman. He was a deputy 
from South Kingston in 1760-73-74. In 1776 

he was appointed judge of the court of com- 
mon pleas, and in 1779, third judge of the 
supreme court. He was one of the committee 
in 1779 to settle the accounts of the Sachem 
Ninigret. Children: James, born October 3, 
1756, died young; William, December 2, 1760; 
Mary, December 15, 1763; Abigail, married 
Thomas H. Hazard ; James, mentioned below ; 
John, twin of James. 

(IV) James, son of Sylvester Robinson, 
was born about 1765. He married, January 
I, 1797, Mary, daughter of Caleb Attmore, of 
Philadelphia, and lived in South Kingston, 
Rhode Island. He died in 1841 ; his wife in 
1856. Children : William Attmore, mentioned 
below; Edward Mott, born 1800, died 1865; 
Anna Attmore, 1801, married Stephen A. 
Chase, and died in 1876; Sarah, 1804, died in 
infancy; Attmore, twin of Sarah, born April 
4, 1804, a farmer, banker, and prominent citi- 
zen of Wakefield, Rhode Island, married Laura 
Hazard; Rowland, born 1806, died 1819; Syl- 
vester C, 1808, died March 20, 1883. 

(V) William Attmore, son of James Rob- 
inson, was born in Huntington, New Jersey, 
October 18, 1797, died at Providence, Rhode 
Island, December 19, 1872. In early life he 
was clerk in a drug store in Philadelphia. In 
1829 he started in business at Wakefield, under 
the firm name of W. A. Robinson & Company, 
manufacturing in the stone mill now occupied 
by the Wakefield Manufacturing Company. 
In 1842 he removed to Providence and located 
at 24 South Water street, where he engaged 
in the sperm oil business. In 1855 he estab- 
lished a branch of his business in New Bed- 
ford, Massachusetts, in charge of his son 
James. For more than twenty-five years he 
was one of the leaders in business and financial 
aflFairs in Providence. He was a director of 
the Manufacturers* Bank and president of the 
same at the time of his death. He represented 
the town of South Kingston in the general 
assembly. In religion he was a Friend. He 
married, November 13, 1828, Dorcas B. Had- 
wen, who died in Providence, in 1894. Chil- 
dren: Mary A., married Jacob Dunnell; 
James, born 1829, married Anna Balch, and 
died August 16, 1875 ; Edward Hadwen, men- 
tioned below; Caroline, died in 1845; Anne 
A., died January 21, 1897; William Attmore, 
born May 7, 1841, married Marion L. Swift. 

(VI) Edward Hadwen, son of William Att- 
more Robinson, was born January 16, 1833, 
and died November 21, 1903. He was edu- 
cated in the Friends' School, of Providence. 
He was in business with his father, and later 
of the Robinson Oil Company. He married, 
September 28, 1864, Grace M. Howard, daugh- 
ter of Benjamin and Harriet (Lang) Howard, 

Digitized by 




of Boston, Massachusetts. Children: i. Maud, 
born July 26, 1866, who is unmarried. 2. Alice 
Howard, married Henry W. Cooke (see 

The surname Ferguson, or 
FERGUSON Fergusson means simply, 
son of Fergus, an ancient 
Scotch personal name. This surname is one 
of the most ancient of Scotland. As early as 
1466 it is found in Dumfriesshire, Ayrshire, 
Wigtonshire, Perthshire, Forfarshire, Fife- 
shire, and elsewhere in Scotland. Fergus was 
the first king of Scotland, hence the popularity 
of the name among the Scotch people. The 
plaid of Ferguson is green and black, with red 
and white lines, and the badge a sunflower or 
foxglove. There are several coats-of-arms. 
John Ferguson, of Killerran was made a baro- 
net in 1703. Another John Ferguson was a 
member of the Scotch parliament from Crag- 
darroch in 1649, and Robert Ferguson from 
the same district in 1649 ^"d often afterward. 
Another Robert Ferguson was in Parliament 
from Inverkeithing in 1579 ^"d 1587. This 
is sometimes spelled Farson. The first of the 
name in New England was Daniel Ferguson, 
who came during the Protectorate, at a time 
when Cromwell was sending hither many thou- 
sands of Scotch soldiers taken in battle. Dan- 
iel settled in what is now Upper Eliot, Maine, 
in 1659, and died in 1676. He left many de- 

A branch of the Ferguson family went to 
Ireland from Scotland after 161 1 and before 
165 1, when the names of Captain Ferguson, of 
Six-Mile Quarters, county of Antrim, Ulster, 
and Quartermaster Ferguson, of Antrim Quar- 
ters, county Antrim, were on the list ordered 
to remove from Ulster by Cromwell's commis- 
sioners. May 23, 1653, to Munster, for the pur- 
pose of removing all the popular and influential 
Scots from Ulster. Doubtless there were many 
other Fergusons not exiled, for in the census 
of i8qo we find that of 133 births to Ferguson 
parents in Ireland in that year, 107 were of 
5?cotch stock in counties Antrim, Down and 

A branch of this Scotch-Irish family came 
to Massachusetts and located at Pelham, 
Hampshire county. Doubtless thev lived at 
Hookinton. Worcester, or Boston, for a time, 
before comincr to Pelham. Many of them went 
to Blandford, Massachusetts, in later years, 
and thence to Vermont. New York, and the 
west. There aoDear to be five brothers — ^Wil- 
liam, Robert, John. Samuel and James, in Pel- 
ham. It is not known whether their father 
was also at Pelham, and his name has not been 

William Ferguson, of Pelham, and wife Jan- 
net had these children : Ann, born October 9, 
1744; Susanna, April 26, 1746; William, April 
25, 1748; Janet, April 4, 1752 ; John, March 25, 
1755. In 1762 he signed the protest against 
the settlement of Rev. Robert Abercrombie. 

James Ferguson married, at Pelham, De- 
cember 4, 1746, Esther Thornton. James was 
freed from paying rates in 1746 on account of 
"his having been in ye war." James, Robert, 
John and Samuel signed the petition of 1743. 
James was on the committee on "scole" houses 
in 1760, and signed the protest against Rev. 
Mr. Abercrombie in 1762. He held various 
town offices. 

John Ferguson, for many years one of the 
leading men of Pelham, was in Pelham as 
early as 1643, held various town offices, and 
was treasurer when he left town in 1758. He 
lived on lot 50, west of the meeting house, and 
was active in town affairs, according to the 
Pelham history for twenty years. 

(I) Samuel Ferguson settled in Pelham 
about 1738, and removed to Blandford, Massa- 
chusetts, among the first settlers. The town 
history mentions three sons : Samuel, reported 
in the census of 1790; James, mentioned be- 
low; Captain John, soldier in the revolution, 
died 1792, leaving children: Mary, Eleanor, 
Sarah, Hannah, Isabelle, Dorothy, John, Sam- 

(H) James, son of Samuel Ferguson, was 
born 1750-60. A James Ferguson, of Pelharn, 
served in the revolution. Possibly this was his 
record, but more likely that of a son of James, 
of Pelham, mentioned above. He was living 
in Blandford in 1790, and had two females in 
his family. James Ferguson died at Peru, 
Massachusetts, February 25, 1803. A "Mis" 
Hannah Ferguson, probably his widow, died 
at Peru, March 14, 1805, Rachel Ferguson, a 
relative, perhaps a sister, married at Peru, in 
1794, Abner Richmond. 

(Ill) John, son of James Ferguson, was 
born at Blandford, probably, about 1790-91. 
He settled at Peru, and married there, Novem- 
ber 29. 1815, Elizabeth Geer. Children, bom 
at Peru: Almira, June 20, 1816; Justin, men- 
tioned below; Susan, April 20, 1820: Darius, 
July 29, 1822. died young; Lewis, May 8, 1825, 
died young; Lewis, January 6, 1828, died 
youngr : Sidney, December 13, 1829, died young ; 
Elizabeth, May 6, 1831. 

dV) Justin (or Judson) Ferguson, son of 
John Ferguson, was bom in Pern, Massachu- 
setts, April 4, 1818. He married Sarah C. 
Stowell, about 1839. He was a farmer in 
Peru, and died there. Children: i. Myron 
Stowell, mentioned below. 2. Elizabeth, mar- 
ried Orin Livermore, a carpenter of North- 

Digitized by 




ampton, Massachusetts. 3. Charles Stowell, 
an adopted son; resides at Hatfield, Massa- 

Mellisa Ferguson, probably a cousin of Jus- 
tin, married at Peru, in 1842, John M. Stowell, 
who seems to have married Olive M. Fergu- 
son, April 7, 1841. This may be a duplicate 
record with some error. Seldon K. Ferguson 
married, at Peru, Margaret P. Stowell, April 
3, 1840. 

(V) Myron Stowell, son of Justin Fergu- 
son, was bom at Peru, in February, 1840, and 
died at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, in 1907. He 
is buried there in the Paxtang cemetery, under 
the Soldiers and Sailors* monument. He en- 
listed May 6, 1861, in the Second Vermont 
Regiment, Volunteer Militia, and served in the 
civil war. He was wounded at Savage Station, 
taken prisoner by the Confederates, and sent 
to Andersonville, where he was confined until 
paroled .three months afterward. He then 
joined the Veteran Reserve Corps and was 
made sergeant of Captain Henry C. Kerr*s 
Company A, Sixteenth Regiment, Veteran Re- 
serve Corps, from May 4, 1864. He was 
honorably discharged November 24, 1865, at 
Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. He married. May 
24, 1861, Martha Olivia Allen, who was born 
at Bennington Center, July i, 1845; she is now 
living with her son Fred Howard Ferguson 
(see Allen). Children: Charles DeForrest, 
born at Bennington, August 29, 1864, died at 
Bennington, 1887, unmarried; Fred Howard, 
mentioned below. 

(VI) Fred Howard, son of Myron Stowell 
Ferguson, was born in Harrisburg, Pennsyl- 
vania, October 20, 1872. When he was nine 
months old his parents removed to Bennington, 
Vermont, where he received his early educa- 
tion in the public schools. At the age of four- 
teen he left school and became a shipping 
clerk in Cooper's storehouse. With his first 
earnings he bought a Wheeler & Wilson sew- 
ing machine for his mother, and that incident 
is but typical of his' lifelong devotion to her. 
He filled this position until 1888, and for two 
years was employed in various positions. 
From 1890 to IQ06 he was employed by the 
H. E. Bradford Company. Since 1906 he has 
been a photog^rapher in Bennington. In con- 
nection with his studio he has a picture-fram- 
ing business. He is one of the leading mer- 
chants of the town. For many years Mr. Fer- 
guson was- a promin-ent Republican, a member 
of the town committee, and often a delegate to 
county, state and other nominating conven- 
tions. In 1912 he became a charter member of 
the Progressive party. He has been justice of 
the peace two years, and for the past eight 
years has been a notary public. He is a mem- 

ber of the First Baptist Church of Benningtoni, 
and for a number of years has been treasurer 
of its Sunday school. He belongs to Court 
Bennington, No. 12, Foresters of America, of 
which he has been woodward and trustee ; to 
the New England Order of Protection, of 
which he is past warden, and its trustee, mem- 
ber of the grand lodge and of the supreme 
lodge. He is also a member of the United 
Order of the Golden Cross of Bennington, of 
which he is keeper of records at the present 
time and since its organization. He is active 
in the volunteer fire department, secretary of 
the W. H. Bradford Hook & Ladder Com- 
pany, which he joined March 7, 1907. He has 
been prominent in the state militia. He en^ 
listed May 2, 1892, in Company K, First Regi- 
ment, National Guard of Vermont, and served 
six years. He was mustered out May 16, 1898, 
with the rank of first sergeant. He is a mem- 
ber of the local camp, Sons of Veterans, in 
which he has attained the rank of colonel, as 
special aide on the staff of the commander-in^ 
chief, serving also as counsel, first lieutenant 
and commander. He is also a member of the 
American Flag House and of the Betsey Ross 
Memorial Association and a former member 
of the Independent Order of Good Templars. 
He married, June 17, 1896, in Hoosick Falls, 
New York, Lena Nellie La Parle, who was 
born in Battenville. New York, December 11, 
1871, daughter of Francis David La Parle and 
Lucinda Elizabeth (Goodrich). She is a com- 
municant of the Methodist Episcopal church, 
and a member of the New England Order of 
Protection, in which she now holds the office 
of vice-warden, and of which she was for- 
merly chaplain. She is worthy prelate of the 
Order of the Golden Cross of Bennington. 
Her father was a railroad man. Her mother 
was born at Putnam, New York, 1852, and is 
now living with Mr. and Mrs. Ferguson. Chil- 
dren of Fred Howard and Lena N. Ferguson : 
Donald Goodrich, born December i;^, 1807; 
Ruth Lillian, Februarv ii, 1900: Helen Ger- 
trude, June I, 1904: Elizabeth Lena, December 
3, 1910. 

(The AHen Line). 

Daniel Allen, great-grandfather of Fred 
Howard Fergfuson. was born in Rhode Island, 

of an old colonial family. He married 

Tallman, and removed to Pownall, Vermont, 
where she died. He was a farmer by occupa- 
tion. Children : i. Daniel, mentioned below. 2. 
Samuel, born in Pownall, resided at Little 
Falls, New York, and lost his life in service 
in the civil war. 3. Isaac, born at Pownall, 
died in Old Benninerton, a farmer; married 
Louisa Harris. 4. Ethan, born at Pownall; 
married Charlotte Harris; resided in Old 

Digitized by 




Bennington ; he was a shoemaker by trade, and 
died in Hudson, New York. 5. Rebecca, born 
at Pownall; married Abijah Davis, of Savoy, 
Massachusetts, a farmer. 6. Ruth, born at 
Pownall ; married Solomon Madison, of Shafts- 
bury, Vermont ; went west. 

(II) Daniel (2), son of Daniel (i) Allen, 
was born at Pownall, Vermont, August 31, 
1806, and died in Bennington in 1893. He 
was a rail-splitter, and for a number of years 
was employed by the government in fencing 
lands in Vermont. In politics he was a Whig. 
He was a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church. He married Emeline Harris, who was 
born at Stamford, Vermont, October 7, 1813, 
and died at Bennington in 1900. Children: i. 
Harvey Henry, born September 19, 1830; 
served in the civil war; now residing in the 
Soldiers' Home at Bennington ; married Sylvia 
Harrington, of Shaftsbury, Vermont. 2. Kate 
Amanda, born August 10, 1834, died at Benn- 
ington, unmarried. 3. Joanna, November 30, 
1836, died in Bennington ; married John Allen, 
of Bennington, a native of New York state, a 
farmer. 4. Maria Jeanette, born at Benning- 
ton, January 25, 1839, died in Bennington; 
married George Colegrove, a native of Hoo- 
sick Falls, New York, now a carpenter of 
Bennington. 5. Melvin John, bom January 4, 
1841, died unmarried, at Bennington, a rail- 
road man. 6. Charles Warren, January 26, 
1843, 5" Bennington, died in infancy. 7. Mar- 
tha Olivia ; married Myron Stowell Ferguson 
(see Ferguson). 8. Leander D., born October 
14, 1847, died at Bennington; worked in the 
mill; married Jennie A. Knapp, of Benning- 
ton, now living in that town. 9. Mary Louisa, 
born at Bennington, February 28, 1850, died 
there unmarried. 10. Fred Calvin, at Benning- 
ton, April 18, 1852; a machinist at Benning- 
ton; married Mina Rice. 11. Franklin Pierce, 
at Bennington, March 25, 1856; a retired mill 
worker: married Roxanna Townsend, of 

John Gibson, the immigrant an- 
GIBSON cestor, was born in England, in 
i6oi, and died in Cambridge, 
Massachusetts, in 1694, aged ninety-three 
years. He came to New England as early as 
1 63 1 and settled in Cambridge, where he was 
admitted a freeman May 17, 1637. His home 
lot was granted in the west end of the town, 
August 4, 1634. It was situated between Har- 
vard and Brattle Squares, in what is now an 
important business district, and extended to 
the Charles river. His house stood at the end 
of what is now Sparks street, not far from 
Brattle street, on the road to Watertown and 
was built before October 10, 1656. He was 

doubtless a member of Rev. Mr. Hooker's 
church, and belonged later to the succeeding 
society of the First Church, February i, 1636, 
under the pastorate of Rev. Thomas Shepard. 
He held minor town offices. His wife and 
daughter accused Winifred Hoknan, widow, 
and her daughter, of witchcraft, and the charge 
not being sustained, they were sued for dam- 
ages by the Holmans. For particulars of this 
interesting case, see history of the Holman 
family. The Gibsons paid a small fine. He 

married (first) Rebecca , who was 

buried December i, 1661, at Roxbury. He 
married (second) July 24, 1662, Joan Pren- 
tice, widow of Henry Prentice, a piofieer at 
Cambridge. Children, all by first wife: Re- 
becca, born in Cambridge, 1636, was the daugh- 
ter who thought she was bewitched by the Hol- 
mans; Mary, born May 29, 1637; Martha, 
April 29, 1639; John Jr., mentioned below; 
Samuel, October 28, 1644. 

(II) John (2), son of John (i) Gibson, 
was born in Cambridge, about 1641, and died 
October 15, 1679. He settled in Cambridge 
on the homestead deeded to him by his father 
November 30, 1668. He also was involved 
in the trial of his family for calling the Hol- 
mans witches, and had to acknowledge his 
error in court or pay a fine. He took the 
cheaper course. He was a soldier in King 
Philip's war under Captain Thomas Prentice. 
He was in the Swanzey fight, June 28, 1675, 
and was in the Mt. Hope expedition later. He 
was also in Lieutenant Edward Oakes' troop 
scouting near Marlborough, March 24, 1675- 
76, and in Captain Daniel Henchman's com- 
pany September 23, 1676, which marched to 
Hadley in ear^ summer time. He was possi- 
bly the John Gibson in Captain Joshua Scot- 
tow's company at Black Point, near Salem, 
Maine, September, 1677, where the garrison 
was captured the following month by the In- 
dians. He was admitted a freeman October 
II, 1670, and held a number of minor offices. 
He died of smallpox when only thirty-eight 
years old. He married, December 9, 1668, Re- 
becca Harrington, who was born in Cambridge, 
daughter of Abraham and Rebecca (Cutler) 
Harrington (or Errington) as it was spelled 
and perhaps pronounced. Her father was a 
blacksmith, born at New Castleton, Massachu- 
setts, and died in Cambridge, May 9, 1677. 
Her mother died in Cambridge, in 1697. Chil- 
dren, bom at Cambridge: Rebecca, October 
4, 1669; Martha, married twice; Mary, mar- 
ried Nathaniel Gates ; Timothy, mentioned be- 

(III) Deacon Timothy Gibson, son of John 
(2) Gibson, was born at Cambridge, in 1679, 
and died at Stow, Massachusetts, July 14, 

Digitized by 




1757. His grave is in the lower village grave- 
yard in the eastern part of Stow. He was 
brought up by Abraham Holman, of Cam- 
bridge, son of William and Winifred Holman, 
who were involved with his parents and grand- 
parents in the Holman- witchcraft case. In 
1689 the Holmans moved to Stow and he went 
with them, living in the family until 1703, 
when they moved to the northwest part of 
Sudbury and settled on the Assabet river, on 
a sixty acre farm, bounded on the west by the 
Stow line and on the east by the road from 
Concord to Jewell's mill. Holman died in 
171 1. Gibson was a prominent citizen of Sud- 
bury, Massachusetts, and owned land also at 
Lunenburg, laid out to him and his son Timo- 
thy. Neither ever lived at Lunenburg, how- 
ever, but John, Arrington, Isaac and Reuben, 
his younger sons, settled there, and all were 
noted as men of great personal prowess. He 
removed to Stow between December 6, 1728, 
and February 24, 1731-32, and was selectman 
there in 1734-35-^39. His homestead in 
Stow lay on the south slope of Pomciticut 
Hill, and was deeded ten years before his 
death to his son Stephen, and was kept in the 
family until 1823. This farm is now in the 
town of Maynard, which was formed from 
Sudbury and Stow in 1871. He married (first) 
at Concord, November 17, 1700, Rebecca 
Gates, of Stow. She was born at Marlborough, 
July 23, 1682, and died in Stow, January 2-1, 
1731. She was the daughter of Stephen Jr. 
and Sarah (Woodward) Gates. He married 
(second), intentions published November 30, 
1756, Mrs. Submit Taylor, of Sudbury, who 
died at Stow, January 29, 1759, in her seventy- 
fifth year. Both wives are buried by his side. 
Children, all by first wife: Abraham, bom 
1 701 ; Timothy, January 20, 1702-03; Rebecca, 
born in Sudbury, March 19, 1703-04; John, 
bom April 28, 1708; Sarah, October 2^, 1710; 
Ssunuel, August 27, 1713; Stephen, March 14, 
1715, died young; Arrington, March 22, 1717; 
Stephen, born at Sudbury, June 16, 1719; 
Isaac, mentioned below; Mary, June 14, 1723; 
Reuben, February 14, 1725. 

(IV) Isaac, son of Deacon Timothy Gib- 
son, was born at Sudbury, April 27, 1721, and 
died at Grafton, Massachusetts, June i, 1797. 
His gravestone in Middletown cemetery is in- 
scrit^d: "Isaac Gibson, Died June ist, 1797, 
in the 77th year, of his age. White is his soul 
— From blemish free — Red with the blood — 
He shed for me.'* He was one of the Gibson 
brothers, third of the four who settled in 
Lunenburg (Fitchburg), Massachusetts. He 
settled there August i, 1728, in the westerly 
part of the town which was set off as Fitch- 
burg, February 3, 1764. His father deeded to 

him there one hundred and fifteen acres, "more 
or less, October 25, 1744." His house, "Fort 
Gibson," in the Indian raid of 1748, was situ- 
ated on the eastern- slope of the hill, and is 
still to be seen. In appearance Gibson was of 
great size and strength, and was very courage- 
ous. One of the anecdotes told of him is of an 
encounter with a bear whose cub he was carry- 
ing off. They rolled down the hill together 
and he was the victor, though he bore the 
marks of the struggle the rest of his life. He 
was always prominent in Lunenburg. In 1748* 
* he served as a scout in the Indian troubles, and 
was selectman in 1767-70-74-77. In 1771 he 
was one of the thirteen largest taxpayers, and 
E^ecember i, 1773, was chairman of the com- 
mittee "to respond to the Boston letter." In 
1774 he was on a committee "to prepare in- 
structions for the guidance of the town's rep- 
resentative in the general court." He served 
in the revolution as minute-man in 1775, one 
of the five Gibsons of the forty-four Fitch- 
burg minute-men. In 1777 he was town mod- 
erator. He served as private in Captain Eben- 
ezer Wood's company. Colonel Asa Whit- 
comb's regiment of militia, which marched 
from Fitchburg on the Lexington Alarm of 
April 19, 1775. He moved to Grafton between 
December 26, 1786, and September 4, 1790, as 
shown by an agreement made on the first date 
by Isaac, of Fitchburg, and his son Jonathan, 
of Tomlinson (Grafton), and by a power of 
attorney on the latter date by Isaac, of Tom- 
linson, to his son Jacob, of Fitchburg. Doubt- 
less he moved in the spring of 1787, as he paid 
his last real and poll taxes of Fitchburg in 
1785, and his last personal tax in 1786. On 
October 16, 1791, he withdrew his member- 
ship from the First Church of Fitchburg to 
become a member of the Grafton church. He 
married (first) at Lunenburg, February 4, 
1744-45, intentions published January 5, 1744- 
45, Keziah Johnson, who was born September 
7, 1725, and died at Fitchburg, February 7, 
1765, buried in the Lunenburg South grave- 
yard. She was daughter of Deacon Samuel 
and Rebecca Johnson, of Lunenburg. Deacon 
Samuel was son of Edward, of Wobura, Mas- 
sachusetts, son of Major Williams, of Woburn, 
son of Captain Exlward, the English pioneer 
in Charlestown (Wobum), in 1630. Captain 
Edward Johnson was a very prominent man, 
and was author of "Wonder Working Provi- 
dences of Sion's Saviour in N. E." Isaac Gib- 
son married (second) at Leominster, Massa- 
chusetts, November 27, 1766, Mrs. Abigail 
(Darby or Stearns?) Bennett. She died at 
Grafton, November 26, 1808, aged eighty-one 
years, and was buried beside her husband. 
Children by first wife, born in Lunenburg 

Digitized by 




(Fitchburg) : Isaac, November 28, 1745; 
John, July 24, 1747; Abraham, June 13, 1749, 
died young; Jacob, March 6, 1751 ; Nathaniel, 
mentioned below; Jonathan, December 22, 
1754 (not December 22, 1757, as entered on 
Lunenburg records) ; David, January 22, 1757; 
Solomon, November 19, 1758; Abraham, June 

13, 1760; Keziah, September, ; Rebecca, 

about 1764, probably at Lunenburg; Anna, 
December 6, 176 — . 

(V) Nathaniel, son of Isaac Gibson, was 
born at Lunenburg, February 22, 1753, and 
died at Salisbury, Vermont. He married 
(first) June 25, 1776, Hannah Brown, born 
at Lexington, Massachusetts, April 28, 1753, 
died at Grafton, April 3, 1789, daughter of 
Daniel and Anna (Bright) Brown; (second) 
July 6, 1791, Mrs. Keziah Hayward, of Graf- 
ton. He was a soldier in the revolutioUj a 
private in Captain Ebenezer Bridge's company. 
Colonel John Whitcomb's regiment, on the 
Lexington Alarm, April 19, 1775; also private 
in Captain John Fuller's company. Colonel Asa 
Whitcomb's regiment, at the si^e of Boston, 
in 1775. Children: Isaac, baptized at Lunen- 
burg, June 8, 1777; Hannah; Persis, Decem- 
ber 13, 1783; Nathaniel, December 24, 1784; 
Jerusha, February 10, 1787; Keziah; Jerusha, 
at Grafton, February 27, 1798; Roswell, men- 
tioned below. 

(VI) Roswell, son of Nathaniel Gibson, 
was born at Grafton, April 24, 1800, and died 
at Camden, New York, January 28, 1857. He 
married, January 24, 1824, Hannah Edson, 
who was born at Minot, Maine, December 19, 
1802, and died at West Camden, Oneida 
county, New York, July 22, 1893. They lived 
at Florence and Camden, Oneida county. He 
was one of the organizers of the church at 
Mendon, Vermont, January 23, 1836. Chil- 
dren : Vesta, born at Shrewsbury, October 26, 
1824, died November 23, 1893, ^^ West Cam- 
den, married Elias Chapman; Orson Berlin, 
at Shrewsbury, May 29, 1826, married Han- 
nah Maria Gray ; Austin Roswell, at Shrews- 
bury, January 21, 1828, died 1833; Susan, at 
Mendon, November 17, 1829; Julia, at Men- 
don, August 17, 1831 ; Roswell Austin, at Men- 
don, November 17, 1833, married Jane Pen- 
field Blake ; Louisa Ann, at Mendon, January 

14, 1836, married Frankhn L. Blake; Cyrus 
Delos, mentioned below; Caroline Elizabeth, 
at Florence, March 9, 1840, married Ora E. 
Porter; Alonzo Selusha, at Florence, June 3, 
1842, married Emeline Winchester; Anna Me- 
lissa, at Florence, born and died November 26, 
1844 : Irving Edson, of Bennington, state sen- 
ator, born at Florence, March 23. 1846, mar- 
ried Mary E. Abbott. 

(VII) Cyrus Delos, son of Roswell Gibson, 

was born at Florence, New York, March 13, 
1838. He was a soldier in the civil war, en- 
listing August 30, 1862, in Company C, 169th 
Regiment, New York Volunteer Infantry; was 
wounded at second battle of Bull Run; pro- 
moted corporal November 18, 1864, and ser- 
geant May 1, 1865, discharged July 19, 1865. 
He took part in twenty-six battles. He received 
his early education in the public schools of 
Camden, and afterward taught school at Benn- 
ington, Vermont. After the war he settled at 
Bennington, after working at his trade as car- 
penter in Flint, Michigan, and for thirty-five 
years was a druggist in Bennington. His son 
Ora succeeded him. He was a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal church, and of George A. 
Custer Post, Grand Army of the RepubHc, of 
Bennington, of which he was past commander. 
He was also a member of Stark Lodge, No. 9, 
Odd Fellows, and of the encampment and 
canton, and held in succession the various 
offices in these orders. He died October 27, 
191 2. He had retired several years previously 
on account of ill health. After disposing of 
his store, he had established an insurance busi- 
ness which he conducted a number of years. 

He married (first) February 13, 1861, 
Amelia Ostrander, who died January 19, 1864. 
He married (second) December 19, 1865, Lucy 
Jane Houghton, who was born in Wilmington, 
Vermont, August 15, 1844 (see Houghton). 
When she was two years old her parents went 
to Bennington, and when she was nine years 
old she removed with them to Easton, Penn- 
sylvania. She attended the public schools of 
Bennington and Easton. She is a member of 
the Methodist church, and active in Chistian 
and charitable work, a prominent member of 
the Woman's Relief Corps, an auxiliary of the 
Grand Army, holding the office of state presi- 
dent of this association. She was formerly a 
member of the Rebekah Lodge of Odd Fel- 
lows, of the Village Improvement Society, and 
of the Fortnightly Club. Children by second 
wife: I. Flora A., born at Flint, Michigan, 
August 9. 1867 ; married, June 25, 1889, Fred 
C. Van Vleck, of Bennington, born at Water- 
ford, New York, July 30, 1864; a druggist; 
children: Hilda Ruth Van Vleck, born No- 
vember 24, 1 891, employed in a banking house 
at North Adams: Buel Gibson Van Vleck, 
May 3, 1894, in Bennington, engaged in the 
automobile business in North Adams. 2. Ora 
E., born at Bennington, May 22, 1870; mar- 
ried, March 22. 1890, Elizabeth Frances Finlan, 
born at West Eaton, New York, November 14, 
1872; he was a druggist at Bennington; died 
there November 27, 1904; he succeoled to his 
father's business as a druggist; was a well- 
known citizen ; his widow now resides with her 

Digitized by 



Digitized by 


Digitized by 




children in Detroit, Michigan ; children : Ray 
Gage, bom July 7, 1891, graduate of Univer- 
sity of Vermont, now a chemist in Detroit, 
Michigan, in the Michigan Smelting & Re- 
finery Works ; Doris, March 3, 1893, graduate 
of Albany Business College; Gladys, Novem- 
ber 25, 1894, graduate of Bennington High 
School, 1913. 3. Gage G., born at Bennington, 
April 7, 1880, died August 4, 1887, at Benn- 

(The Houghton Line). 

In the genealogy of the Houghton family 
recently published, doubt is thrown upon the 
previously generally accepted lineage connect- 
ing the two American immigrants with Sir 
Richard Houghton, of England. Ralph and 
John Houghton came to America together in 
all probability, and both settled in Lancaster, 
Massachusetts. Ralph was born between 1&23 
"and 1625; John about 1624. It is generally 
believed that they were cousins, but they may 
have been brothers. That they were related 
seems to be a fact. In some way, not yet 
proved in every generation, however, both 
Ralph and John were doubtless of the Eng- 
lish Houghtons, whose line is given below. 

(1) Herverus came with the Conqueror in 
1066, and received grants in Norfolk, Suffolk 
and Lancashire. (II) Walter, son of Her- 
verus, had five children by wife Maud, daugh- 
ter of Theobald de Valois. (Ill) Hamo Pin- 
cerna, son of Walter, married Maud, daughter 
of Richard Bussel, second Baron of Pen- 
wortham, Lancashire; her father gave Hamo 
the manor of Hocton, and from this is derived 
the surname Houghton. Her grandfather was 
Roger de Busti or Bussell, joint Lord of Black- 
burn at the time of the Conqueror. (IV) Wil- 
liam, son of Hamo, married, in 1140, widow of 
Geoffry de Favarre. (V) Adam de Hocton. son 
of William, was living in 1154-1189. (VI) 
Adam de Hochton, son of Adam, is mentioned 
in a deed Of 1200. (VII) Sir Adam de Hoch- 
ton, son of Adam, was mentioned in 1221. 

(VIII) Sir Adam de Hochton, son of Adam, 
was a knight in 1266, and married Agnes. 

(IX) Sir Adam de Hochton, son of Adam, 
married Avicia Hoghwick, and died in 1280. 

(X) Richard, son of Sir Adam, became a 
knight in Lancashire; married Sybil, daughter 
of \Villiam de Lea. (XI) Sir Adam, son of. 
Sir Richard de Houghton, married Philippa; 
second, Ellen; was a knight and died in 1386. 
(XII) Sir Richard, son of Sir Adam, married 
Jane; was a knight. (XIII) Adam de Hogh- 
ton, son of Sir Richard, died before his father. 
(XIV) Sir Richard, son of Adam, was a 
knight in 1444 and died 1468. (XV) Henry, 
son of Sir Richard, knigfht in 1458, married 
Helen . (XVI) Sir William, son of Sir 

Henry, was knighted in 1483; married Mary 
South worth. (XVII) Sir Richard, son of Sir 
William, was born 1473, died 1558; married 
four times. (XVIII) Thomas, son of Sir 
Richard, was born 1541, and was killed in 
1589; sheriff of Lancashire.. He built Hough- 
ton Tower in Lancaster, during the reign of 
Elizabeth. Children : Sir Richard, born Octo- 
ber 26, 1570, died 1630 (he had fourteen chil- 
dren, and the evidence appears to show that 
while he may have been grandfather of John 
and Ralph, the American immigrants, he was 
not the father) ; William ; Thomas, married 
Catherina, daughter of John Hoghton, of Pen- 
delton, and left four daughters, his co-heirs 
(some genealogists give him a son John, be- 
lieved to be the American immigrant) ; Adam ; 
Henry Mary; Catherine, married Thomas 

(I) John Houghton, father of the American 
immigrant John, according to the belief of the 
author of the Houghton Genealogy, was buried 
at Eaton Bray, Bedfordshire, England, April 
28, 1 618. He has not been connected abso- 
lutely with the above English line. 

(II) John Houghton, son of John, men- 
tioned above, was baptized May 19, 1593. He 
is supposed to be the John Houghton named 
in the passenger list of the ship "Abigail," June 
30, 163s ; this John returned to England to his 
family after the religious troubles there had 
subsided. His age, given on the list as four 
years, is doubtless incorrect. John Hough- 
ton, of Eaton Bray, married Damaris Buck- 
minster, and was church warden of St. Mary's, 
Eaton Bray, in 1629-30. No further record of 
this John is found ; the ship record may have 
referred to another person, as spelling of names 
in passenger list records were not to be de- 
pended on. 

(III) John Houghton, the immigrant an- 
cestor, sen of John, was born December 24, 
1624, at Eaton Bray, and came to New Eng- 
land about 1647-50, with wife Beatrix, and 
Ralph Houghton, probably his cousin. He 
lived for some time in Dedham, Massachusetts, 
and about 1652 moved to Lancaster. His first 
home was between Clinton and South Lan- 
caster, on I>ean's brook ; after the massacre he 
lived on the old common, south of the road, 
nearly opposite the Reform School. He lived 
in Woburn after the massacre, until Lancaster 
was resettled. He had a very large landed 
estate in the present towns of Berlin, Clinton 
and Bolton. He married, about 1648-49, Bea- 
trix , who died January 8, 1711-12. She 

married (second) Benjamin Bosworth. Hough- 
ton was a prominent citizen, deputy from Lan- 
caster to the general court in 1660, and died 
April 29, 1684, aged sixty years ; he was buried 

Digitized by 




in the Old Granary burying ground, Boston. 
His will, dated April 8, 1684, was proved June 
7 following. Children: John, born 1650, in 
England, according to tradition ; Robert, men- 
tioned below; Jonas, born 1660, in America; 
Mary, March 22, 1661-2; Benjamin, July 25, 
1663 ; Beatrix, December 3, 1665 ; Sarah, July 
30, 1672, in Lancaster. 

(IV) Robert, son of John Houghton, was 
born in Dedham," May 28, 1658, and died Janu- 
ary 7, 1723. After the destruction of Lancas- 
ter he lived for a time in Woburn, Massachu- 
setts, settling in Clinton, Massachusetts, after 
his father's d^ath, on what is now called "The 
Acre." On July 31, 1704, he and his family 
suffered losses in the Indian raid, as did many 
others in Lancaster, as shown by the petition 
from the inhabitants for help from the general 
court, November 13, 1704. He married, 1680, 
Esther Leppingwell, born 1657, died March 13, 
1740. Children: Hannah, born January 12, 
1683; Beatrix, November 3, 1685; Isabel, Sep- 
tember 6, 1687; Abigail, June 18, 1689; Elea- 
zer, 1690; Robert, 1691 ; Gershom, 1692 ; Eben- 

ezer, April 3, 1693; Martha, April 3, ; 

Joshua, mentioned below; Mary, twin of 
Joshua; Thomas, February 3, 1705. 

(V) Joshua, son of Robert Houghton, was 
born August 30, 1695, twin of Mary. He mar- 
ried, June 8, 1719, Elizabeth Bennett, who 
died March 13, 1740. Children: Jerusha, 
born March 6, 1720; Saul, July 6, 1722; Orpha, 
January 6, 1724; Vashti, July 7, 1726 (?); 
Joshua, September 29, 1728; Solomon, men- 
tioned below; Titus, June 16, 1732; Hiram, 


(VI) Solomon, son of Joshua Houghton, 

was born August 5, 1729. He married, Febru- 
ary 30, 1748, Deliverance Ross. Children: 
Molly, born August 18, 1752; Thamer, August 
3, 1754; Lois, December 18, 1756; Solomon, 
February 18, 1758; Philemon, mentioned be- 
low; Hiram, August 25, 1763; Nahum, April 
25, 1766; Benjamin, April 3, 1768; Richard 

(VII) Philemon, son of Solomon Hough- 
ton, was born April 19, 1761. He was a soldier 
in the revolution, in Captain William Green- 
leaf's company. Colonel Josiah Whitney's regi- 
ment, in August, 1777, at the battle of Benn- 
ington (see Mass. Soldiers and Sailors in the 
Revolution, viii, p. 306). Afterwards he and 
his brother Hiram settled in Brattleborough. 
Vermont. In 1790 he was living at Brattle- 
borough, according to the first federal census, 
and had in his family one male and three 
females besides himself. At the same place 
were Hiram, John, James, Jeremiah and 
Phinehas Houghton, all heads of families. He 
moved to Marlborough, Vermont, and finally 

to Wilmington, in that state, where he died and 

was buried. He married Mary . His 

father was a loyalist in the revolution, and 
served as paymaster in the English army. 
After the war he went to England and died 
there. His will, it is said, bequeathed his prop- 
erty to any of his children who would swear 
allegiance to the king. All the sons were in 
favor of the colonies and several were soldiers 
in the army. One daughter finally went to 
Canada and fulfilled the requirements of her 
father s will for tiie sake of the property. Chil- 
dren of Philemon: Lucy, married 

Hatch, a f aimer at Halifax, Vermont; Laura, 
married Charles Dennison, a farmer of Wil- 
mington; Sophia, married Haven, a 

farmer of Halifax ; Judge Houghton, a promi- 
nent lawyer and jurist of Massachusetts; 
Emory, mentioned below. 

(VIII) Emory, son of Philemon Houghton, 
was born at Whitingham, Vermont, December 
31, 1800, and died at Bennington, Octobei* 11, 
1884. He left home when a young man and 
went first to Canandaigua, New York, and 
then to Rochester, New York, where he be- 
came proprietor of the Acqueduct Hotel for 
a number of years. He returned to Vermont 
in about 1837-38, and lived for a while at Wil- 
mington. Afterward he was traveling sales- 
man and demonstrator of a kiln for burning 
lime, which he had invented and patented, and 
made his home at Easton, Pennsylvania. In 
1846 he removed to Bennington, Vermont, and 
conducted a chair factory. He remained about 
ten years in Easton, and then returned to 
Bennington, Vermont, where he resided until 
his de^th. In religion he was a Universalist ; 
in politics a Republican. He married Sarah 
Bigdow Smith, who was born at Whitingham, 
Vermont, August 14, 1808, and died at Benn- 
ington, November 16, 1890, daughter of Jona- 
than and Olive (Bigelow) Smith. Her father 
was a farmer at Whitingham. Children; i. 
George Riley, born at Canandaigua, New York, 
April 18, 1833, died at Bennington, October 
21, 1870; had a large crockery store in Potts- 
ville ; retired on account of ill health and made 
his home in Bennington; married Susan 
Troxell; (second) Ella Quell, who married 
(second) Jesse Hopkins ; she is living at Benn- 
ington. 2. Charles H., bom April 13, 1836; 
died at Rochester, May 24, 1837. 3. Laura, 
born November 22, 1837, at Wilmington; mar- 
ried David Long, of Easton, Pennsylvania; 
she died at Bennington, where he now resides, 
a retired foreman of the knitting mills at Bradr- 
ford ; children : Edward, a musician of Benn- 
ington ; William Long, a foreman in Cooper's 
Mills, Bennington : George Long, died aged 
sixteen ; Alice Long (adopted), died aged nine- 

Digitized by 




teen. 4. Charles Henry, bom April 27, 1841, 
in Wilmington; married Matilda Smith, of 
Easton; he died at Bennington, October 12, 
1876; was a shoemaker at Bennington. 5. 
Lucy Jane, married Cyrus D. Gibson (see Gib- 
son). 6. Frederick Lcfwis, born June 13, 1847, 
in Bennington, where he is now living, a needle- 
maker by trade; married (first) Geneva Shaw, 
and had two children: Nellie, who died 
young, and Gertrude, who married Roy Bar- 
ney; (second) Helen Bartlett, and had two 
children: George, who died at Boston, aged 
nineteen years, and Charles, who resides at 
Troy, New York; he married (third) Alice 
Ball, and had one son, Frederick. 7. James 
Adelbert, born at Bennington, April 11, 1850; 
married Jennie (Thompson) Rochelle; he is a 
needle-maker at Bennington; children: Lena 
May, bom August 6, 1886, in Bennington ; and 
Robert Willard, November 6, 1893. 

The Wilcox family is of Saxon 
WILCOX origin and was seated at Bury 

St. Edmunds, county Suffolk, 
England, before the Norman Conquest. Sir 
John Dugale, in the "Visitation of County Suf- 
folk," mentions fifteen generations of the fam- 
ily previous to the year 1600, tracing the line- 
age to the year 1200, when the surname came 
into use as an inherited family name. In the 
old records Wilcox, Wilcocks, Willcox and 
Wilcockson and Wilcoxson are used inter- 

(I) William Wilcox, Willcox, or Wilcox- 
son, was born in 1601, at St. Albans, Hertford- 
shire, England, and came to this country when 
thirty^four years old, in the ship "Planter," 
having a certificate from the minister at St. 
Albans. Another William Wilcox settled at 
Cambridge, Massachusetts, and became pro- 
prietor of that town and a town officer; was 
admitted a freeman, May 25, 1638; died No- 
vember 28, 1653, leaving a will in which he 
mentions various relatives and friends. Wil- 
liam Wilcox first mentioned was probably re- 
lated to the Cambridge man. He was admitted 
as freeman in Massachusetts, December 7, 
1636 ; was a linen weaver by trade, and in 1639 
removed to Stratford, Connecticut. He was 
deputy to the general court at Hartford in 
1647. He died in 1652. He married Margaret 

, who was born in 161 1. Children: 

John, bom 1633 ; Joseph, 1635, settled at Kill- 
ingworth ; Samuel, mentioned below ; Obadiah, 
1641, lived at Guilford; Timothy, died Jime 
13, 1713, a deacon; Elizabeth, married Henry 
Stiles; Hannah, married Lieutenant Daniel 
Hayden ; Sarah, married John Meigs ; Phebe, 
married John Birdsey. 

(II) Samuel, son of William Wilcox, was 


born about 1639, and died March 12, 1713. He 
settled at Windsor, and was sergeant of the 
military company. He had a grant of land at 
Meadow Plain, now Simsbury. He married 

Hannah . Children : Samuel, bom April 

IS, 1666; William, mentioned below; Joseph; 
doubtless other children. 

(III) William (2), son of Samuel Wilcox, 
was bom about 1670, and settled at Simsbury. 
He married Elizabeth Wilson. Children, all 
probably born at Simsbury: John; William; 
Amos, mentioned below; Azariah, July 27, 
1706; perhaps other children. 

(IV) Amos, son of William (2) Wilcox, 
was born about 1700, at Windsor or Simsbury, 
whither his father removed. He married, at 
Simsbury, November 6, 1728, Joanna Hillyer 
(afterwards spelled Hilliard), daughter of 
James and Joanna (Hayes) Hillyer. Joanna 
Hayes was born at Windsor, October 2, 1692, 
daughter of George Hayes, the immigrant, who 
came to Windsor from Scotland. James 
Hillyer was son of James and Mary, daughter 
of John and Ann Wakefield, and widow of 
Ebenezer Dibble (N. E. Reg., 1882, p. 388). 
Children of Amos and Joanna, born at Sims- 
bury : Amos, mentioned below ; Ruth, Janu- 
ary 10, 1732-33; Ezekiel, June 10, 1735; 
Joanne, May 26, 1740; Elizabeth, September 
25, 1743; Lucy; Esther; James, February 10, 
1 75 1. Sergeant Amos died December 27, 1775. 

(V) Colonel Amos (2) Wilcox, son of 
Amos ( I ) Wilcox, was born at Simsbury, May 
15, 1730; married there, June i, 1749, Han- 
nah Hoskins. He was captain of the Simsbury 
company responding to the Lexington Alarm, 
April 19, 1775, and William Wilcox was his 
lieutenant. He was major in Colonel Roger 
Enos' Third Battalion in 1776, commissioned 
in October; promoted lieutenant-colonel May, 
1779; resigned, 1780; served in i8th Regiment. 
Children, born at Simsbury : Amos, mentioned 
below ; Roger, January 9, 1752 ; David, Decem- 
ber 2, 1753; Hannah, December 17, 1755; 
Phebe, June 26, 1758; Zelek, November i, 
1763; Elizabeth, July 26, 1765; Joel, twin of 
Elizabeth ; Robert, November 12, 1767. 

(VI) Amos (3), son of Colonel Amos (2) 
Wilcox, was bom at Simsbury, March 11, 
1750. He was living in Simsbury, Hartford 
county, Connecticut, in 1790, and was the only 
one of the name reported. He had in his 
family three sons under sixteen and three 
females at that time. He appears to have been 
in the revolution, as well as his father. He 
was a private in Captain John Brown's com- 
pany, August 19-25, 1776; also in Captain 
Jared Shepard's company, General Erastus 
Wolcott's regiment, March 28 to May 19, 1777. 

(VII) Amos (4), son or nephew of Amos 

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(3) Wilcox, was bom at or near Simsbury, 
Connecticut, about 1775, and died in Stock- 
bridge, Vermont, about 1845. He went to Ver- 
mont when a young man and followed farming 
all his active life. He married Sarah Rogers, 
who was born in Connecticut, and died in 
Stockbridge. Children, all born at Stock- 
bridge : I. Israel, a farmer, died near Chicago, 
Illinois. 2. Hannah, married David Davis, a 
farmer at Aurora, Illinois, where husband and 
wife both died; two of their sons were killed 
in the service during the civil war. 3. Sybil, 
married Cyrus Edson Jr., of Mendon, Ver- 
mont, a farmer ; both died in Bennington, Ver- 
mont; children: Melvin; Sarah A., married 
Edward Norton, of Bennington; Amos; Al- 
bert, and Ara O. 4. William, died in Rutland, 
Vermont, a farmer; one of his sons, Henry, 
resides at Rutland, and another, John, at 
Bethel, Vermont. 5. Silas, mentioned below. 

(VIII) Dr. Silas Wilcox, son of Amos. (4) 
Wilcox, was born at Stockbridge, Vermont, 
September 6, 1817, and died at Bennington, in 
February, 1863. He came to Bennington in 
1836 and located in the village of Old Benn- 
ington. He studied medicine under the guid- 
ance of Dr. Thompson, and was a practitioner 
at Bennington all his active life. In 1853 ^^ 
represented the town in the state legislature. 
He was a Democrat in politics. He married 
Susan Edson, who was born in 1810, in Men- 
don, and died in 1850, at Bennington, Vermont. 
She was a daughter of Cyrus and Hannah 
(Hudson) Edson, of an old family of Bridge- 
water, Massachusetts. Cyrus Edson was bom 
on the day of the battle of Bennington, and 
went to Maine when a young man, afterward 
coming to Bennington. Children of Silas Wil- 
cox: I. Nelson B., died in infancy. 2. Silas 
Rollin, mentioned below. 3. Alfred B., bom 
January 20, 1844; died in Hoosick Falls, New 
York, 1907; married Sarah Gibson, of Lon- 
donderry, Vermont; now living at Hoosick 
Falls; he was a foreman in Woods' machine 
shop in Hoosick Falls; served as a drummer 
boy in 30th New York Regiment, and served 
two years. 4. Nelson O., k)rn August, 1847; 
was a dmmmer in 4th Vermont Regiment, 
enlisting in 1861, and reenlisting after serving 
first term of three years ; died in the Soldiers* 
Home at Bennington; married Fannie M. 

(IX) Dr. Silas Rollin Wilcox, son of Silas 
Wilcox, was born at Bennington, Vermont, 
July 20, 1839. He attended the public schools 
of his native town and the Old Bennington 
Seminary and the Burr & Burton Seminary of 
Manchester. He was also for a time in the 
public schools of Hoosick Falls, New York, and 
at the Troy Conference Academy, at Poultney, 

Vermont. In 1854 he was apprenticed to the 
potter's trade in the crockery department of 
the pottery at Bennington. He followed his 
trade until he came of age, and then began to 
study medicine at Bennington in the office of 
his father. After his father died in 1863 he 
continued the study of medicine under the in- 
struction of Dr. Henry J. Potter and at the 
Metropolitan Medical Collie of New York, 
from which he was graduated with the degree 
of Doctor of Medicine in 1864. He returned 
to Bennington after graduation, and imme- 
diately began to practice in that town, and has 
continued to the present time. He won a 
prominent place in his profession and ranks 
among the foremost as well as the oldest physi- 
cians in the county. He is a member of vari- 
ous medical and other organizations. In relig- 
ion he is a Baptist ; in politics a Republican. 
He married, October 25, 1864, in the Baptist 
church at Bennington, Carrie E. Fisk, who 
was born at Bennington, and educated there 
in the public schools. She is also a member of 
the Baptist church. She is a daughter of John 
D. and Emily (Olin) Fisk, of Bennington. Her 
father was a blacksmith in that town, coming 
thither when a young man. Children of Silas 
Rollin and Carrie E. Wilcox: i. Emma M., 
born November 28, 1866; resides in Boston, 
Massachusetts; unmarried. 2. John F., died 
in childhood. 3. Dexter D., died in child- 
hood. 4. Julia Fisk, born December 24, 1874; 
married Dr. E. B. Pierce, of Putney, superin- 
tendent of the State Tuberculosis Sanatarium 
at Howell, Michigan; children: Janet, Ray- 
mond W. and Allen. 5. Susan M., born Au- 
gust, 1878; married R. L. Davis, of Hoosick 
Falls, a druggist, now residing in Hudson 
Falls, New York; one daughter, Helen L. 6. 
Caroline L., born July, 1884; married H. R. 
Buell, of Perry, New York, now residing in 
that town; one daughter, Laura W. 

Three immigrants by the name 
GODFREY of Godfrey came to Massa- 
chusetts before 1650. Francis 
Godfrey settled at Duxbury, where he had a 
grant of land in 1638; he removed to Marsh- 
field and finally to Bridge water. His will, 
dated October 29, 166 — , proved July 30, 1669, 
bequeaths to wife Elizabeth; daughter Eliza- 
beth Cary, wife of John ; grandchildren John 
and Elizabeth ; servants John Pitcher and Rich- 
ard Jennings, a minor; had goods at Provi- 
dence and Bridgewater. John Godfrey came 
in the ship "Mary and John," March 24. 1638, 
lived at Newbury, Andover; was aged fifty 
years in 1661. William Godfrey settled at 
Watertown, removed to Hampton, New Hamp- 
shire ; died March 25, 1671, leaving a will dated 

Digitized by 




October 2, 1667, having sons Isaac and John 
Godfrey, and other heirs. It is believed that 
the Cape Cod family at Chatham and else- 
where is descended from Francis Godfrey. 
The Connecticut family is descended from 
Christopher Godfrey, who settled before 1685, 
at Green's Farms, Fairfield, Connecticut. 

(I) Richard Godfrey settled in Taunton, 
Massachusetts, as early as 1652, and owned 
land there in that year. He married a daugh- 
ter of John Turner. He married (second) 
March 26, 1684, Mary Phillips, a widow. He 
died at Taunton in 1691. Children: Richard, 
mentioned below; John, settled in Rhode 
Island, a mariner at Newport, commanded a 
privateer in 1689, and was taken by the French, 
October 25, 1693; '^^^ a son John and three 
daughters — Sarah, Mary and Penelope; Rob- 
ert; Jane, married, 1670, John Cobb; Alice, 
married Peter Holbrook; Susanna, married, 
July 10, 1682, Edward Kettle. He was doubt- 
less related to George Godfrey, of Chatham, 
who had : George, born 1663 ; Samuel, Moses, 
Richard, Jonathan and daughters. 

(II) Richard (2), son of Richard (i) God- 
frey, was born at Taunton, about 1655. He 
married, January i, 1679-80, Mary Richmond. 
He died August 14, 1725; his wife November 
5, 1732. Children, born at Taunton: Alice, 
August 20. 1680; Richard, March 11, 1681, 
soldier in Queen Ann's war 1702; Mary, May 
29, 1682 ; Abigail, November 5, 1684 ; Joanna, 
July 30, 1686; Sarah, May 15, 1689; John, 
October 3, 1691 ; Joseph, March i, 1694-95. 

(III) Captain John Godfrey, son of Rich- 
ard (2) Godfrey, was born at Taunton, Octo- 
ber 3, 1 69 1, and died November 4, 1758. He 
married, February 2, 1716, Joanna Gooding, 
born March 13, 1687, died March 9, 1765, 
daughter of George and Deborah Gooding. He 
was captain of the Taunton company. Chil- 
dren, bom at Taunton: Child, died May 19, 
1719; George, mentioned below; John, De- 
cember 24, 1723, died November 26, 1749; 

f IV) General George Godfrey, son of John 
Godfrey, was born at Taunton, March 19, 
1720-21. He was a private in the French and 
Indian war, and rose to the rank of major, 
1771, and colonel, before the revolution (1774). 
He was the first brigadier-general commis- 
sioned in Bristol county, complimented for his 
service in Rhode Island. He lived on Tre- 
mont street. He was an assessor of Taunton 
for thirty years; county treasurer from 1776 
to 1 791 ; selectman 178^90-91 ; deputy to gen- 
eral court, 1770-71-72, 1779, 1784; justice of 
the peace many years, marrying 150 couples, 
and keeping death records. Five bushels of 
his old papers were discovered a few years ago, 

and extracts aie printed in the "History of 
Taunton" (Emery). He was commissioned 
brigadier-general January 30, 1776, until July 
X5, 1781. He was chairman of the committee 
of correspondence and safety during the revo- 
lution. He was a man of ready wit, sound 
judgment, tenacious in his opinions. He died 
January 3, 1793. He married (first) June 

30, 1739, Lydia ; (second) May 9, 

1744, Bethiah Hodges, of Norton, who died 
January 2, 1786; (third) September 2, 1786, 
Abigail (Shaw) Dean, of Middleborough, 
Children were baptized by Rev. Mr. Fisher, of 
Taunton. Child by first wife : Deborah, Octo- 
ber 30, 174a Children by second wife : Lydia, 
May 21, 1745; Joanna, November 5, 1747; 
Bethia, September 22, 1749; Mary, November 
8, 1751 ; Welthea, May 21, 1756; George, men- 
tioned below ; Rufus, July 8, 1761 ; Linday, 
March i, 1766. 

(V) George Godfrey (2d), son of General 
George Godfrey, was born at Taunton, Sep- 
tember 17, 1758. He was also in the revolu- 
tion, a private in Captain Ichabod Leonard's 
company, Colonel George Williams' regiment, 
in 1776, and nine months in 1778, when he 
gave his age as nineteen, height five feet eleven 
inches, complexion light, hair dark, eyes black 
(vol. vi., p. 526, Mass. Soldiers and Sailors in 
the Revolution). He removed to Bennington, 
Vermont, about 1789. The census of 1790 re- 
ports that he had two males under sixteen and 
two females in his family. He married, De- 
cember 28, 1782, Abigail, daughter of Cap- 
tain John King, of Raynham, Massachusetts; 
she was a tall, stately lady. They were said to 
be the handsomest couple ever married in 
Taunton church. He died at Bennington, aged 
about seventy years (see New Eng. Reg., xvii, 
p. 23s). Children, born at Taunton: James, 
born April 30, 1784; Samuel Leonard, April 
7, 1786; Abigail, April 20, 1788; others at 
Bennington, including Bradford, mentioned 

(VI) Bradford, son of George Godfrey, 
was born at Bennington, 1799, and died there 
in 1865. He was educated in the public 
schools, and learned the trade of carpenter and 
wheelwright. He was a member of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal church, and of Bennington 
Lodge, Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 
He married Sarah McGowan, who was born 
in the north of Ireland and came to this coun- 
try when three years old with her parents, who 
settled first in Elizabeth, New Jersey, after- 
ward in Bennington, where she died. Chil- 
dren, born in Bennington: i. Alice L., 1837; 
married Luman P. Norton, son of Julius Nor- 
ton, of Bennington ; she died June 7, 1913. 2. 
George Godfrey, 1839, a railroad man, died 

Digitized by 




near Omaha, Nebraska. 3. Frederick, men- 
tioned below. 

(VII) Frederick, son of Bradford Godfrey, 
was born at Bennington, Vermont, May 16, 
1841. He attended the pubHc schools of his 
native town and the seminary at Manchester, 
Vermont. In i860 he left school to become an 
apprentice at the potter's trade in stoneware. 
He enlisted, August 10, 1861, in Captain 
Pratt's company, 4th Vermont Regiment Vol- 
unteer Infantry, and served three years and 
ten months, receiving his honorable discharge, 
July 13, 1865. He took part in the battle at 
Lee's Mills, the Seven Days' Fight in the 
Peninsular campaign, the battle of Antietam, 
the battle of Fredericksburg, Second Bull Run, 
the battle of Gettysburg, of Rappahannock 
Station, and served in the campaign in the 
Shenandoah Valley under General Sheridan. 
He was in the battles of Cedar Creek and the 
Wilderness. At Antietam he received a slight 
wound, and he was wounded again at the siege 
of Richmond, and also at Cold Harbor, Vir- 
ginia. He went into the service with the rank 
of sergeant, was reduced to the ranks, and 
restored several times. He was with his regi- 
ment in New York to suppress the draft riots. 
After he was mustered out he returned to his 
trade at Bennington and worked at the making 
of stoneware there until 1883. For a short 
time he was employed in the knitting mill at 
Bennington. In 1891 he was appointed deputy 
sheriff of the county, and to this office he de- 
voted his time until 1906, when he succeeded 
the late Henry Wilson as sheriff and filled his 
unexpired term. He was elected to the office 
of sheriff in 1908, and has continued in office 
to the present time by successive reelections in 
1910 and 1912. He served the town as con- 
stable for a period of fifteen years, and has 
been collector of taxes in Bennington for eig^t 
years. In politics he is a staunch Republican, 
a leader of his party for many years. He at- 
tends the Protestant Episcopal church of Benn- 
ington. He is a member of Mount Anthony 
Lodge, No. 13, Ancient Free and Accepted 
Masons, of Bennington, and has been its senior 
deacon. He is a member of the Sixth Corps 
Post, Grand Army of the Republic. 

He married (first) in 1865, Eldora Bradford, 
daughter of George S. Bradford, deceased, a 
knitting manufacturer. He married (second) 
November 10, 1894, at Crown Point, New 
York, Margaret Beeman, born at Cornwall, 
New York, daughter of RolHn Beeman, a 
farmer living at Crown Point. Child by first 
wife: Helen Bradford, died aged nineteen 
years. Child by second wife: Bradford Cus- 
ter, bom at Bennington, December 22, 1895, 
a student in the Bennington high school. 

The McCullough, Mc- 
McCULLOUGH Culloch or Macullar 
family is of ancient 
Scotch origin. Before the year 1000, the fam- 
ily was seated in Wigtonshire and Kirkcud- 
brightshire, and in later centuries spread 
through the country. A branch in Ulster Prov- 
ince, Ireland, spells the name as do most of 
the American families, McCulloug:b. Of 130 
children born in McCullough families in Ire- 
land in 1890, no less than 106 were born in 
Antrim, Tyrone and Down, the Scotch-Irish 
counties. Alexander McAula, of Durling, had 
a thousand acres in the precinct of Portlough, 
county Donegal, Ulster, before 161 1. In the 
precinct of Boylagh, in the same county, James 
McCuUoch had a thousand acres. The orig- 
inal grant to James McCulloch was in 1610, 
among the first given by King James in his 
effort to make Ireland a Protestant country. 
McCulloch was a gentleman of Drummovell, 
Wigtonshire, Scotland. He moved thither, as 
shown by later reports of royal commissioners. 
About the same time we find David McCullagh 
in the precinct of Clanchy, county Cavan. In 
1653 Captain James McCullough was one of 
the popular Scots ordered out of county An- 
trim by Cromwell. Corporal James McCul- 
lough, of the same county, was also ordered 
to Munster county at the same time. But the 
family appears to have prospered in Ireland. 
From the north of Ireland came a number of 
McCulloughs in that great stream of immigra- 
tion that poured into this country from 171 8 
until the revolutionary war. 

(I) Alexander McCullough, descendant of 
one of the pioneers to Pennsylvania, was born 
in 1793. He lived in the Welsh Tract, Dela- 
ware, near Newark, and died there in 1838. 
He was a farmer all his active life. He was a 
pious and consistent member of the Baptist 
church at Iron Hill, in the Welsh Tract. In 
politics he was a Whig. He married Rebecca 
Griffith, daughter of John Griffith, a farmer, 
also of the Welsh Tract, of a Welsh family, 
descended from Rhees Rhyderch. Children, 
born in the Welsh Tract: i. Sarah, died at 
Glasgow, Delaware ; married Nathan P. Boul- 
den, who was a prominent citizen of Glasgow^ 
collector of Wilmington, Delaware, for many 
years, member of the house and senate in the 
Delaware legislature. 2. James, a clerk, died 
unmarried, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 3. 
Benjamin, a farmer in Kansas, and clerk in 
Philadelphia, where he died, unmarried. 4. 
John Griffith, mentioned below. 5. Alexander 
Daniel Webster, an employee of the Central 
Pacific Railroad Company, died at San Fran- 
cisco, California. 6. Mary Ann, died young. 

(II) Hon. John Griffith McCullough, son of 

Digitized by 


Digitized by 


Digitized by 




Alexander McCuHough, was bora September 
16, 1835, ^^ t^^ Welsh Tract, near Newark, 
Delaware. He was but three years old when 
his father died, and but seven when he lost his 
mother. His early life was spent in the homes 
of relatives, and he attended the public schools 
of his native place. Largely as a result of his 
own labor and savings he was enabled to secure 
a liberal education. When he was twenty 
years old he was graduated in 1855 with high- 
est honors from Delaware Collie. Sron 
afterward he began to study law in the office 
of St. George Tucker Campbell, then perhaps 
the foremost lawyer in Philadelphia, and sub- 
sequently he entered the law school of the 
University of Pennsylvania, from which he 
was graduated with the degree of Bachdor of 
Laws in 1858. In the same year he was ad- 
mitted to the bar and began to practice. After 
a serious pulmonary attack he found his health 
impaired and was advised to live in a milder 
climate. He made an ocean voyage to Cali- 
fornia in 1859, and soon after his arrival was 
admitted to the bar and restmied the practice 
of law in Mariposa, California. Although he 
had intended to follow his profession in his 
new home, he found himself soon drafted into 
the public service, as a leader of the party 
favoring the Union, when the coming of civil 
war divided the territory into opposing camps. 
The secession sentiment was strong, and the 
friends of the south active and earnest. Just 
in time to frustrate the plans of the Confed- 
eracy, however. General Edwin V. Sumner 
superseded Colonel Albert Sidney Johnston in 
command of Fort Alcatraz. General Sumner 
found in Mr. McCuUough an efficient and cap- 
able ally and adviser. Mr. McCuUough was 
nominated for the general assembly by the Re- 
publicans and War Democrats in 1861. He 
made a brilliant canvass, speaking boldly and 
eloquently in favor of the Union. The dis- 
trict in which he was a candidate had been 
previously strongly Democratic, but he won by 
a decisive majority. In the legislature he 
proved to be one of the leaders, a brilliant 
speaker, and to his voice, his pen and his per- 
sonal activity and influence in the state, the 
Union owed much in winning California for 
the north. Although his senatorial district was 
overwhelmingly Democratic, he accepted the 
nomination of the Republican party for sena- 
tor in 1862, and after a bitterly contested elec- 
tion he was elected. His able and brilliant 
record as a state senator gave him a state-wide 
reputation and materially strengthened the 
Union sentiment in the state. In 1863, by a 
handsome majority, he was elected attorney- 
general of the state. During the four years 
of his term in this office he made his home at 

Sacramento. In 1867 he was renominated, but 
that was a year of defeat for his party, and 
though he led his ticket he was not reelected. 
In 1867 he practiced law in San Francisco and 
during the next five years he was one of the 
leading lawyers of the state. In 1873 ^^ 1^^^ 
California, retired from his profession, and 
made his home in Bennington, Vermont, where 
he gave his attention to the railroad, financial 
and varied business interests in which he had 
been employed. He had already acquired an 
ample fortune, and his financial ability had 
been demonstrated. For eight years he was 
largely occupied with the aflfairs of the Panama 
railroad, of which his father-in-law was presi- 
dent. From December 10, 1874, to April 12, 
1883, he was vice-president and managei* of 
the Panama Railroad Company, and from 

1883 to 1888 its president. Under his admin- 
istration the stock of this company rose from 
less than par to more than $300 a share. In 

1884 Mr. McCuUough became a director of 
the Erie Railroad Company, and was later 
chairman of the executive committee. In 1893 
he was appointed one of the two receivers to 
reorganize the company, and in less than three 
years the property passed into the control of 
the new company in better -physical condition 
than ever, without floating debt, and with cash 
and securities valued at more than $8,000,000. 
Since September, 1890, Mr. McCullough has 
been president of the Chicago & Erie Railroad 
Company. From 1877 to 1883 he was vice- 
president of the Bennington & Rutland Rail- 
road Company, and from 1883 to 1900 its 
president. He is president of the First Na- 
tional Bank of North Bennington ; director of 
the Bank of New York, the New York Secur- 
ity & Trust Company, the Fidelity & Casualty 
Company, the National Life Insurance Com- 
pany, the American Trading Company, the 
New York & Jersey City Tunnel Railroad 
Company, the Central Vermont Railroad Com- 
pany, the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Rail- 
road Company, the Lackawanna Steel Com- 
pany, and other corporations. 

Seldom if ever is seen a man of such promi- 
nence in the political affairs of two states. After 
making his home in Vermont, Mr. McCullough 
maintained his interest in the Republican party 
and its candidates. He became one of the 
most prominent and popular campaign speakers 
in the state, and from the first was counted 
among the leaders of his party. In almost 
every Republican state convention for a quar- 
ter of a century he took an active and leading 
part. He was a delegate to the Republican 
national convention in 1880, 1888 and 1902. 
In 1898 he was elected state senator. In 1902 
he was elected governor of Vermont, after an 

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exciting and strenuous campaign in which the 
Governor*s political enemies were bitter and 
malignant in their attacks. His administration 
was notable for its business-like character, and 
takes rank among the best of recent years. In 
Bennington, Governor McCullough has always 
shown a keen interest in municipal affairs and 
the public welfare. He was a prime mover in 
the Bennington Battle Monument Association, 
and served on the committee to select a design. 
He married, August 30, 1871, Eliza Hall 
Park, daughter of Trenor W. Park, grand- 
daughter of Hon. Hiland Hall, a governor of 
Vermont, congressman, author of a history of 
Vermont and other historical works. Mr. and 
Mrs. McCullough have travelled extensively 
in this country and abroad. Children: i. Hall 
Park, born June 23, 1872; married Edith A. 
Van Benthuysen; children: Edith, Elizabeth, 
Ethel, John G. (2d). 2. Elizabeth Laura, bom 
July 22, 1873; married Rev. Thornton F. 
Turner. 3. Ella Sarah, born July 20, 1874; 
unmarried. 4. Esther Morgan, born March 
19, 1888; unmarried. 

The name Hunt is from the Saxon 
HUNT word "hunti," a wolf. This word, 

used ki connection with the wolf, 
came to mean the pursuit of all game. The 
family probably took the name on account of 
prowess in the hunting field. Other forms of 
the name are Hundt, Huntus, Hontus, Hund- 
ing, Hundings, Hunte, Hunter, etc. An Adam 
le Hunt lived in Nottingham, England, as early 
as 1295. Among the many pioneer settlers of 
New England of this surname were: Edmund, 
of Cambridge, 1634, and of Duxbury, 1637; 
Robert, of Charlestown, and of Sudbury, 1638; 
Enoch, of Weymouth, 1640; William, of Con- 
cord, 1641; Peter, of Rehoboth, 1644; and 
Bartholomew, of Dover, New Hampshire, 1640. 

(I) Bartholomew Hunt, undoubtedly of 
English parentage, appears at Dover, New 
Hampshire, as early as 1640. Soon thereafter 
he removed to Newport, Rhode Island, where 
he was made a freeman of the colony in 1655. 
He continued to reside there until his death 
in 1687, his will being proved June i6th of 
that year. The Christian name of his wife 
was Ann, and their children were : Bartholo- 
mew Jr., who married and lived in Newport 
and Tiverton, Rhode Island; Adam; Naomi, 
who married and left posterity ; Ezekiel, men- 
tioned below ; John ; and three daughters, but 
of the latter nothing has been ascertained. 

(II) Ezekiel, son of Bartholomew Hunt, 
was born March 8, 1663, in Newport, and re- 
sided there and in East Greenwich, Rhode 
Island. He purchased 100 acres of land in 
East Greenwich, in 1683, which he sold ten 

years later ; and in 1702 purchased a house and 
ten acres of land in the same town. He died 
in 1748, and by his will his homestead was to 
go to his son Bartholomew, when of age, and 
if he died it was to go to his grandson Joseph, 
son of Joseph Hunt. His will also gave two 
farms in Warwick, Rhode Island, to his sons 
Ezekiel, Samuel and Joseph, and he gave to 
the youngest, besides other land, a farm in 
North Kingston. 

(III) Joseph, son of Ezekiel Hunt, resided 
in Warwick, on lands received from his father. 
His wife bore the Christian name of Freelove. 
Owing to the deficiency of Rhode Island vital 
records, little can be learned regarding many 
branches of this family, which was scattered 
all over the colony and also flourished in 
Rehoboth, Massachusetts, and other towns 

(IV) Joshua, probably a son of Joseph 
Hunt, was born about 1740, and was married 
in Warwick, April 11, 1762, to Phebe Arnold, 
who was born March 21, 1744, daughter of 
Simon and Lydia (Greene) Arnold. They re- 
sided in Warwick, but no record of the births 
of their children appears in Rhode Island. 

(V) Joshua (2), son of Joshua (i) Hunt, 
was undoubtedly born in Warwick^ Rhode 
Island, in 1775. He resided in Providence, 
where he died May 28, 1841, aged sixty-six 
years. He married a Miss Rhodes, as indi- 
cated by family records, but no record of the 
marriage can be found in Providence records. 
Joshua Hunt was a farmer, and lived in that 
part of Providence, known as Pawtuxet, where 
he also kept a tavern. Living near the water, 
he became familiar with navigation. Desir- 
ing to remove his house from Pawtuxet to 
South Main street, in Providence, he had his 
house loaded onto scows, floating the same 
across the bay, at high tide landing the house 
on its foundation on South Main street, where 
it is still standing. In political faith he was a 
staunch Whig, and served as collector of the 
port of Providence for a period of twenty-eight 
years, being removed from office by President 
Jackson. His children wefe: Benjamin, who 
was overseer of the poor at the time of his 
death, and had three children — David, Benja- 
min and Joshua ; James, who was a sea captain 
and a pilot all of his life ; Sarah, who married 
a Walden, and lived on the old homestead; 
Eveline, who married a Thomas; and Josiah 
Arnold, mentioned below. 

(VI) Captain Josiah Arnold Hunt, son of 
Joshua (2) Hunt, was born July 2, 1801, in 
Providence, Rhode Island, where he died July 
6, 1844. He was early in life taught naviga- 
tion by his father. At the age of twenty-one 
he was given a ship by his father, of which he 

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vV .■ •jo.ineriti 

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became captain, and which was used in the 
coasting ttade, taking out ventures. On his 
last voyage his wife advised him to buy a 
cargo of flour, but instead he bought molasses. 
Flour went up in price and molasses went 
down, and as a result Captain Hunt met with 
heavy financial losses from which he never 
fully recovered. Some years later his vessel 
was dismantled, and the hull anchored in the 
Providence river and used for a fish market. 
Captain Hunt married, in Cumberland, Rhode 
Island, in October, 1820, Lydia Mason, who 
was born June i, 1801, and died November i, 
1888, and to this union there were born twelve 
children, one of whom died in infancy: i. 
Corizanda, married (first) Dexter Pierce; 
children: Cora and Elizabeth; she married 
(second) Jeremiah Knowles. 2. Zebedee, died 
at the age of twenty years. 3. Fannie, married 
Oliver Danforth; children: Frank and Ellen 
Danforth. 4. Mary. Hamilton, married Na- 
thaniel Phillips. 5. George M., married 
Philena Stanley. 6. Susan, married Jacob 
Monroe ; children : George and Frederick Mon- 
roe. 7. Lydia, married Harvey Cooley; one 
son, Harvey Cooley. 8. Josiah Dexter, men- 
tioned below. 9. 'Caroline, married Henry C. 
Spooner ; one son, Henry C. Spooner Jr. 10. 
Charles Henry, who was chief of police and 
commissioner of public work of Providence, 
and superintendent of the state institutions for 
a number of years ; married Julia Lee, and has 
one daughter, Fannie, who married Charles 
King. II. Joshua, married Josephine Sheldon. 
(VH) Josiah Dexter, son of Captain Josiah 
Arnold Hunt, was born July 20, 1838, in 
Providence, Rhode Island. Owing to the death 
of his father when he was but six years of age 
he was put to work at the age of eight years 
in a cigar factory, where he learned to make 
cigars. During a portion of each year until 
he was ten years of age he was privileged to 
attend school, being a pupil at the Federal 
street school, which was then taught by Miss 
Wheaton, and was punished, so he states, three 
times every day. Some few years ago Mr. 
Hunt, upon meeting Miss Wheaton on the 
street, remarked about the number of times 
that she punished him while attending her 
school and stated that he guessed he didn't 
get half enough. She replied to him: "Josiah, 
if I owe you anything I am perfectly willing 
to pay you now." At the age of ten years he 
went to live with his uncle on a farm in the 
town of Cumberland, Rhode Island, remaining 
there until he was fifteen years of age. The 
life of a farmer's boy did not appeal to him, 
however, and he ran away from the farm, 
going to New Bedford, Massachusetts, from 
whence he shipped before the mast on a whal- 
ing voyage to the Arctic ocean. During this 

voyage, which lasted four years, he was pro- 
moted to boat steerer, and harpooned many 
whales. The life of a sailor was not to his 
liking, either, and upon his return to land he 
was so pleased to leave the vessel that he did 
not even remain long enough to settle up with 
the captain of the vessel for his four years' 
service. At this time his brother, George M., 
was building a mill at South Braintree, Massa- 
chusetts, and he there joined his brother, be- 
coming time-keeper, and while in his brother's 
employ also learned the trade of bricklayer. 
Upon the completion of this mill, Mr. Hunt 
then returned to Providence, where he again 
entered the cigar-making trade, becoming 
superintendent of the factory of Leonard 
Kingsley, as well as salesman, for which serv- 
ices he received fifty dollars per week. On 
July 19th, 1862, in response to the call for vol- 
unteers to defend the flag of his country, Mr. 
Hunt promptly resigned this lucrative position 
to enlist in the Union army, for which services 
he would receive but thirteen dollars per 
month. Enlisting as a private in Company F, 
Fifth Rhode Island Volunteer Infantry, under 
Captain Charles Taft, he was soon made fifth 
sergeant, and in six months had been promoted 
to second lieutenant. Later he was promoted 
to the ordnance department, and made chief 
ordnance officer and engineer, with the rank of 
first lieutenant, having 1200 black and 600 
white soldiers under him. His Command was 
engaged in campaigning in West Virginia and 
the Carolinas, finally being stationed at New- 
berne. North Carolina, under General Benja- 
min F. Butler. In December, 1863, Lieutenant 
Hunt received a furlough of ten days from 
General Butler to come north to be married. 
His orders were to return at the expiration of 
his furlough, with a wife, or stand a court- 
martial. Returning to the army after his mar- 
riage he again took up his military duties, and 
among the important expeditions of the Fifth 
Rhode Island was one which has received but 
little attention from historians, although it was 
one of the most hazardous that was attempted 
during the civil war. In April, 1863, General 
Foster left Newberne with all of the detach- 
ments of the different regiments quartered 
there, excepting the Fifth Rhode Island, and 
proceeded to Little Washington to take the 
garrison post at that point, which was being 
defended by General A. P. Hill. General Fos- 
ter was surrounded and his soldiers starving, 
as they had only taken but three days' rations. 
A scout broke through the enemy's lines, and 
returning to Newberne reported to Colonel 
Sisson the situation, and wanted relief for Gen- 
eral Foster up the river. Colonel Sisson had 
been left with only the Fifth Rhode Island Regi- 
ment, and realized that it would be a perilous 

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adventure, hence would not order his men to 
go. They were drawn up in line and asked to 
volunteer. With one exception all promptly 
answered "Aye." Colonel Sisson asked the 
soldier who had said "No" to step three paces 
to the front. Immediately Jacob Tate stepped 
forward. He was asked why he had refused, 
and quickly replied to Colonel Sisson: "I 

didn't want it to be too d unanimous." 

Preparations were immediately made for the 
trip up the Tar or Palmico river. Lieutenant 
Hunt was called upon for fifteen tons of pow- 
der and six tons of anmiunition. The com- 
missary was called upon for provisions for the 
entire troops. The troops, provisions and am- 
munition were loaded on the escort, which 
drew six feet of water, and the deepest water 
in the channel of the river was but six feet and 
six inches. The escort, which was piloted by 
a North Carolinan, was compelled to pass 
under the guns of three batteries, and, in load- 
ing the boat, Lieutenant Hunt had the pilot 
house barricaded with bales of hay, leaving 
only room for the pilot to look ahead. Not 
knowing the trustworthiness of the pilot, Colo- 
nel Sisson and Colonel Toole stood bade of 
him with drawn revolvers, ready to shoot him 
on the spot in case he turned traitor. They 
passed the gunboats at the mouth of the river 
successfully under cover of night, and were as 
far up the river as Swan Point when one of 
the batteries discovered them. The escort was 
so close to the river bank, however, that the 
gims could not be sufficiently depressed at that 
point to do them any damage, but did serve to 
wake up the battery three miles up the river. 
When they reached the latter point the fire of 
the battery's guns was so severe that the men 
were compelled to go into the hold of the boat, 
and covered the powder stored there with their 
bodies. A shot from the battery struck the 
walking beam of the escort, breaking the lynch- 
pin. One of the soldiers, seeing the damage 
done, jumped to a position where he could re- 
place the broken pin before a stroke could be 
lost. Proceeding up the river they passed 
Rodman Point under a twelve-gun battery. 
Here the boat ran aground, but by prompt 
action of the pilot they backed off, arriving at 
their destination about midnight. In landing. 
Colonel Sisson drew up his men, numbering 
about four hundred, in company formation, 
each company being understood to represent 
a brigade, for the purpose of deceiving the 
enemy as to the number of reenforcements. 
Then the order came: "First Brigade, for- 
ward march : Second Brigade, forward march," 
and so on until all were landed. The pickets 
of the Confederates hearing the five brigades 
landed, reported the same, and the Confed- 

erates immediately picked up their tents, like 
the Arabs, and silently stole away in the still- 
ness of the night, relieving General Foster of 
his perilous position, who had decided to sur- 
render at daybreak. His men had had nothing 
to eat for forty-eight hours, and were so hun- 
gry that upon receiving the supplies of the 
commissary they gabbed the cracker boxes, 
throwing them agamst the rocks to break them 
open, devouring the contents ravenously. On 
the return trip of the escort, the pilot, who had 
taken them so successfully to General Foster's 
relief, was shot dead at his post by a Confed- 
erate sharp-shooter. For this extremely peril- 
ous expedition of the Fifth Rhode Island Regi- 
ment the Rhode Island State General Assem- 
bly tendered them a vote of thanks. In later 
years, when Lieutenant Hunt made applica- 
tion for a pension, he looked up the reports in 
the War Department at Washington of this 
relief expedition, and found it was barely 
alluded to, from the fact that General Palmer, 
who should have been in command was aboard 
a gunboat in Palmico Sound. Therefor, the 
bravery of the Fifth Rhode Island R^^iment 
in the relief expedition of General Foster and 
his command was only treated as a mere inci- 

The ill health of Lieutenant Hunt's wife 
and the fact that he had been injured in the 
right eye by a bursting shell, led him to resign 
his commission in March, 1864. Returning to 
Providence, he again took up his former voca- 
tion of cigar salesman. For a period of forty- 
five years he continued thus employed, during 
which time he was in the employ of but three 
cigar producers. His route comprised the 
territory from Providence to Omaha, Nebraska, 
thence to San Antonio, Texas, thence to Ban- 
gor, Maine, his sales averaging 10,000,000 
cigars per year. Having acquired a competency 
during his many years "upon the road," in 1903 
Lieutenant Hunt retired from active business 

In political faith, Lieutenant Hunt is a stal- 
wart Republican, having cast his first vote for 
Abraham Lincoln. During the campaign of 
John C. Fremont, in 1856, he trained with the 
Wide Awakes. For a number of years he was 
a member of the Trinity Methodist Episcopal 
Church, of Providence, and while living in 
Brooklyn, New York, was a class leader, and 
also had a license as a lay preacher, and for 
several years was a delegate to the Lay Col- 
lege. Lieutenant Hunt is an active and valued 
member of the Grand Army of the Republic, 
having held membership in Prescott Post, No. 
I, of Providence, for a period of forty-five 
years. The evening preceding the assassina- 
tion of President William McKinley, Lieu- 

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tenant Hunt was in the company of Colonel 
Theodore Roosevelt, both of whom were among 
the house guests of Colonel Uriel H. Wood- 
bury, at Burlington, Vermont, during a re- 
union of New England officers of the civil war, 
who asked him if he had ever received a 
pension for his services to his country during 
the civil war, and Lieutenant Hunt's reply was 
that he had never needed it, hence had never 
applied for one, to which Colonel Roosevelt 
replied: "Do you know that the pension list 
is the roll of honor for future generations, and 
every man who is entitled to a pension should 
make such application." As a result of this 
conversation. Lieutenant Hunt made applica- 
tion and received a pension. Colonel Roose- 
velt also stated at this interview that he would 
give all he possessed for the right to wear the 
bronze button of the Grand Army of the Re- 
public. Lieutenant Hunt's coat lapel is dec- 
orated with the emblem of the Masonic organ- 
ization, also the bronze button of the G. A. R., 
and in reply to questions by his friends, he 
says: "With the former I have feasted and 
made merry, but with the latter I have suf- 
fered." He also holds membership in What 
Cheer Lodge, No. 21, A. F. and A. M., of 
Providence, and Unity Council, No. 277, Royal 
Arcanum, of Providence. 

On December 23, 1863, returning to Provi- 
dence on a furlough while a soldier in the civil 
war, Lieutenant Hunt was united in marriage 
to Mary Jayne Sheldon, who was born July 
22, 1841, and this union was blessed with one 
daughter^ — Minnie Lorena, born April i, 1865, 
who is the wife of Vincent W. Henderson, 
and they have been the parents of two children 
— Marian, who died aged two years, and Helen- 
Decker, born February 23, 1903. Mrs. Hen- 
derson has in her employ a mulatto servant 
whom her father brought from Newberne, 
North Carolina, when he returned from the 
war, and who has been a trusted servant in his 
household ever since. Mrs. Hunt passed 
away in Brooklyn, New York, February 16, 

Lieutenant Hunt contracted a second mar- 
riage, June 18, 1902, with Miss Flora Phoebe 
Wood, daughter of Jonathan Nichols and Car- 
oline (Greene) Wood, of West Greenwich, 
Rhode Island. Mrs. Hunt before her marriage 
was principal of the Hedley Avenue Primary 
School at Central Falls, Rhode Island. She is 
a descendant of numerous of New England's 
old historic families, and a prominent member 
of Gaspee Chapter, Daughters of the Amer- 
ican Revolution, of Providence, which she has 
served as corresponding secretary, and is also 
a member of the Pawtucket, Rhode Island, 
Chapter. She has a total of eight bars to her 
pin. which is the greatest number of any mem- 

ber of the chapter, this signifying that she had 
eight ancestors serving in the revolutionary 

Socially Lieutenant Hunt is genial and of an 
even temper; sympathetic, charitable, warm 
in his impulses, accessible and polite to all, and 
a man who immediately places a stranger 
at ease as though he had known him for years. 
He enjoys good literature and is well read, 
possessing a well selected library, which affords 
him ample opportunity for literary entertain^ 
ment. He is the last survivor of his father's 
family of twelve children, three of whose four 
sons displayed their loyalty to their country by 
serving in the memorable conflict between the 
North and South. His winter home is in 
Providence, while his summers are spent on a 
well-stocked farm of 115 acres in the town of 
Hebronville, in the village of Gilead, Connecti- 
cut, in the up-keep and improvement of which 
he takes an especial pride. 

Paul Kendall was founder of 
KENDALL a chandlery and soap business 

in Providence. His children 
were: Benjamin F., mentioned below; Henry 
L.. Hiram, George, Frank, Jane, Eliza and 
Susan. Hiram died at Providence, August 13, 
1864, aged fifty-five. 

(II) Benjamin F., son of Paul Kendall, was 
born in 1820, and died at Prdvidence, Novem- 
ber 4, 1862, aged forty-two years. He was 
educated in the public schools and was asso- 
ciated in business with his father in Providence. 
He succeeded to the business and developed 
various specialties, including the celebrated 
product known as soapine. The business is 
now conducted by the Kendall Manufacturing 
Company of Providence, but the Kendall fam- 
ily has no interest in it, having disposed of the 
same in 191 2. Mr. Kendall married Julia 
Ballou (see Ballou). Children: i. Henry L., 
who was a commission merchant in Chicago; 

married Kate — ; his daughter Eleanor 

married Charles H. Lester, a banker of Chi- 
cago, now living at Englewood, New Jersey. 
2. Hiram, mentioned below. 3. Ella D., mar- 
ried John C. Sheldon, of Sioux Falls, South 
Dakota; children: Palmer, living in Abeer- 
deen, South Dakota; Marguerite, married Ed- 
ward McNeil, and had Sheldon McNeil; and 
Mildreda Sheldon. 

(III) General Hiram Kendall, son of Ben- 
jamin F. Kendall, was born July 29, 1855, i" 
Providence, Rhode Island, and died March 
18, 191 1, in East Greenwich, Rhode Island. 
He attended the public schools, the Water- 
town high school, and Boston University. 
After graduating from Boston University he 
took a course of study at the Massachusetts 
Agricultural College, at Amherst, Massachu- 

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setts. He also passed the required examina- 
tion for a lieutenant's commission in the regu- 
lar army, but finally decided to enter civil life. 
He was for many years an important factor in 
the Kendall Manufacturing Company, in the 
business which his father and uncle expanded 
from modest proportions to one of great ex- 
tent and profit. After he severed his connec- 
tion with the Kendall Manufacturing Com- 
pany he was superintendent for the Shepard 
Company for a time, and during the last years 
of his life was in the brokerage business, with 
offices in the Banigan Building, Providence. 
His early military training was not wasted. It 
not only served him well in business, but it 
gave to the state of Rhode Island one of its 
best and most useful militia officers. He was 
elected to Company C, First Light Infantry, 
Rhode Island State Militia, April 28, 1884, and 
immediately made assistant commissary on the 
staff of Major Thornton. He served until the 
followir^ April, when he was made captain of 
the first regiment, under a commission dated 
May 15, 1^5. His military ability and thor- 
ough training resulted in excellent discipline 
and high proficiency in his command He was 
elected major April 26, 1889, in the First 
Light Infantry, and retained his commission 
as captain in the First Regiment. He succeed- 
ed Major J. A. Brown in the First Regiment, 
December 13, 1^89, and again, February 25, 
1891, succeeded Colonel Brown as lieutenant- 
colonel of the regiment. His commission as 
brigadier-general was dated April, 1892, and 
he served until 1903, when he resigned and 
was succeeded by Brigadier-General Tanner. 
His excellent work in command of the brigade 
brought him into prominence in military circles 
and gave him a national reputation. He was 
the first to introduce competitive examinaticms 
for non-commissioned officers, and also the 
system of awarding badges for marksmanship. 
This competition among the militiamen of the 
state for marksmen's badges at rifle practice 
at the state armory range is exceedingly popu- 
lar amd has resulted in vastly improving the 
skill of the soldiers with their arms. 

General Kendall was prominent also in civil 
life. In 1892 he was president of the town 
council of North Kingston, and in 1892 he 
was elected to the general assembly of Rhode 
Island from the city of Providence. He was 
chairman of the military committee of the 
house and among other wise measures that he 
secured was the act requiring the state to pay 
rent of armories for the militia throughout the 
state. In politics he was a Republican. After 
moving to East Greenwich he was candidate 
for state senator, but was defeated by two 
votes. In 1908 he was again a candidate and 
again defeated. He was a member of Hope 

Club; the Squantum Association; the Narra- 
gansett Boat Club, of which he was president ; 
the Metacomet Golf Club; the Talma Club, 
of which he was the first president ; the First 
Light Infantry Veteran Association ; the Offi- 
cers Rifle Association of Rhode Island. He 
was an expert and enthusiastic golf player. 
His final illness began in the fall before he 
died, and he was confined to his bed from 
Thanksgiving Day until he died. The cause 
of death was heart failure and Bright's disease. 
He was a kindly, generous man, of attractive 
personality, pfted with great executive ability 
and business acumen. 

He married, January 5, 1882, Lydia Kent 
Kilbum (see Kilbum), who was bom June 
6, 1859. Children: i. Hope Kendall, born 
February 26, 1883; married Stephen Nelson 
Bourne (2d), of East Greenwich, Rhode 
Island. 2. Marjorie Kilbum, born May 18, 
1886; married, April 20, 1907, Sydney Tucke 
Curtiss, of New York. 3. Lydia Kent, May 

23, 1890. 4. Dorothy Elizabeth, June 23, 1893. 
5. Hiram Jr., September 17, 1897. 

(The Kllburn Line). 

(I) This name has been variously spelled 
Kilborn, Kilbon, Kilburn, Kilboum and Kil- 
bourne. Thomas Kilburn, the immigrant an- 
cestor, was born in the parish of Wood Ditton, 
Cambridgeshire, England, where he was bap- 
tized May 8, 1578. He was a member of the 
Church of England, and warden of his parish 
church in 1632. He and his wife came to this 
country in 1635 with their younger children, 
embarking at London, April 15, with Margaret, 
Lydia, Marie and Frances. They settled in 
Wethersfield, Connecticut, where he died be- 
fore 1639. His wife died in 1650, but the 
records show that her estate was appraised at 
three hundred and forty-mine pounds, eight 
shillings, four pence. The family has a coat-of- 

arms in England. He married Frances . 

Children, eight born in Wood Ditton, Eng- 
land ; some of whom came to this country be- 
fore their parents : Margaret, born 1607, bap- 
tized, September 23, 16^; Thomas, baptized 
November 30, 1609; George, baptized Febru- 
ary 12, 1612: Elizabeth, baptized May 12, 
1614; Lydia, baptized July 14, 1616; Mary, 
born 1619; Frances, baptized September 4, 
1621 ; John, mentioned below. 

(II) John, son of Thomas Kilbum, was 
baptized September 29, 1624. at Wood Ditton, 
England, and embarked for America with his 
parents and sisters on the ship "Increase." 
April 15, 1635, when ten years of age. He 
lived in Wethersfield, Connecticut, and was a 
useful and prominent citizen. On September 

24, 1647, he was appointed collector of taxes. 
He appears as a landholder May 20, 1649; and 

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March 8, 1654, was on a committee to run the 
boundary line between Wethersfield and Mid- 
dletown, being on the committee for the same 
purpose three years later ; on the committee to 
run the line between Wethersfield and Hart- 
ford, April 2, 1655. In May, 1657, he was ap- 
pointed ^rgeant, which title he continued to 
hold from then on. He served in the general 
court in 1660 and for seven sessions. In 1662 
he was appointed a member of the colonial 
grand jury, which he held until May, 1666. He 
often was grand juror of Hartford county, 
and also of particular courts and courts of 
magistrates. He was conspicuous in town 
affairs, and held the offices of clerk, lister and 
constable ; and selectman for eleven years be- 
tween 1657 and 1681 inclusive. He also served 
on many committees, and in October, 1675, 
during King Philip's war, he petitioned the 
council of war to be relieved from the office 
of sergeant, which he had held eighteen years. 
He died April 9, 1703, aged seventy-eight. He 

married (first) 1650, Naomi , who died 

October i, 1659; (second) Sarah, daughter of 
John Bronson, of Farmington. Children by 
first wife: John, mentioned below; Thomas, 
bom 1653 ; Naomi, married Thomas Hall. By 
second wife: Ebenezer, 1665; Sarah, married 
Joseph Crane; George, 1668; Mary; Joseph, 
1672; Abraham, 1675. 

(III) John (2), son of John (i) Kilburn, 
was bom February 15, 1651, in Wethersfield, 
and died there November 25, 171 1. Soon after 
marriage he settled on the east side of the 
Great River, in what is now Glastonbury, then 
Naubuck, and was made freeman October 13, 
1681. ' He was prominent in town affairs; 
fence viewer, 1685, 1689; signed petition in 
1690 to have Glastonbury made separate town ; 
selectman there 1693, 1708; constable. 1696, 
1705; lister of Wethersfield, and in 1710 of 
Glastonbury; grand juror Hartford county, 
1695-1700-1703, and other times ; gave land for 
parsonage. October 22, 1692. He married 
(first) March 4, 1673, Susannah daughter of 
William Hills, bom about 165 1, died October, 
1701 ; (second) May 12, 1702, Elizabeth, 
daughter of John Mitchell, of Hartford, who 
died June 8, 1718. Children : Susannah, bom 
Febmary 4, 1674, died May 7, 1685; John, 
mentioned below; Ebenezer, March 10, 1679; 
Jonathan, September 17, 1681 ; Benjamin, 
March 30, 1684; David, February 25, 1685; 
Abraham, August 25, 1691. 

(IV) John (3), son of John (2) Kilburn, 
was bom in Glastonbury, October 30, 1677, 
and died before 1738, as September 5, 1738, 
his widow married Thomas Horton, of Spring- 
field. In 1710 he was surveyor of Glaston- 
bury. He married (first) January 25, 1699, 
Sarah Kimberly, who died December 25, 1713. 

He married (second) at Springfield, Massa- 
chusetts, September, 1720, Mercy Day. Chil- 
dren of first wife, born in Glastonbury: Sam- 
uel, February 13, 1701 ; John, mentioned be- 
low; Sarah, 1706; Benjamin, June 10, 1712; 
Ruth. By second wife, bom at Springfield: 
Rachel, July 8, 1721; David, March 3, 1724; 
Mary, November 14, 1725. 

(V) Captain John (4) Kilburn, son of John 
(3) Kilburn, was born in 1704, and died April 
8, 1789, at Walpole, New Hampshire. He was 
living in Springfield, Massachusetts, in 1725, 
and in 1737 sold lands in Middletown, and set- 
tled in Northfield, Massachusetts. In 1749 he 
became the first settler of Walpole, New 
Hampshire. He was selectman of that town 
six times between 1755 and 1762, and was also 
surveyor, assessor, sealer of weights and col- 
lector of school rates. He served on the com- 
mittee of inspection and correspondence in 
1 77 1, and in 1782 on a committee to raise 
money for the Continental soldiers, and this 
service entitles descendants to membership in 
the revolutionary societies. His defense of 
his garrison house, August 17, 1755, against 
two hundred Indians, "was one of the most 
heroic and successful efforts of personal cour- 
age and valor recorded in the annals of Indian 
warfare." The number of Indians (about 
200) against whom John Kilburn, his son John, 
John Peak (or Pike), his son, and the wife 
and daughter of Kilburn, were obliged to con- 
tend for their lives, shows the disparity of 
forces. Peak was mortally wounded, the other 
defenders of the garrison escaped injury. Kil- 
burn married (first) October 26, 1732, Mehit- 
able Basob, daughter of Andrew and Mehit- 
able. She died about 1737, and he married 
(second) Hannah Fox, of Glastonburj^, who 
died January i, 1807. Children: Mary, born 
November 12, 1733; Mehitable, February 16, 
1734-35; John, mentioned below. 

(VI) Captain John (5) Kilburn, son of 
Captain John (4) Kilburn, was born in Mid- 
dletown, April I, 1736, and removed with his 
father to Walpole. His name is signed to the 
charter covenant of the town, January 7, 1767. 
He was church treasurer, constable, grand 
juror, justice of the peace, and member of the 
school committee in 1777. He resided in Wal- 
pole until 1793, when he located at Shrews- 
bury, Vermont, where he died July 20, 1819. 
He visited his old home in Walpole in 1814. 
He was a soldier in the revolution, lieutenant 
of Captain Samuel Wetherbee's company, 
1776 (N. H. Rev. Rolls, xiv, p. 461). He 
married, March 10, 1762, Content Carpenter, 
daughter of Rev. Ezra, of Swanzey. She was 
bom in 1740, died October 22, 181 3. Children: 
Theodora, born May 10, 1763, died January 
23, 1766; John, August 30, 1765; Theodore, 

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December 2^, 1768; Ezra C, May 31, 1770; 
EHjah, mentioned below ; Elizabeth, February 
3, 1776; Esther, October 12, 1778. 

(VII) Elijah, son of Captain John (5) Kil- 
burn, was bom at Walpole, September 30, 
1772. He removed to Shrewsbury, Vermont. 
He married, in 1798, Rebecca Jennison, and 
they had nine children: Harriet, George, 
Josiah, Mary H., John J., Frederick, Elijah 
C., Rebecca and William J. The father died in 
Walpole, in 1847, and the mother in 1849. 

(VIII) George, son of Elijah Kilburn, was 
born December i, 1803, in Walpole, New 
Hampshire. He married (first) Laura Hooper, 
and (second) Mary Elizabeth Kent, of Cum- 
berland, Rhode Island. Their only child by the 
second marriage, Lydia Kent, born June 6, 
1859, married Hiram Kendall (see Kendall). 
Children by first marriage: Hiram, John, 
Ellen, Edward, Harriet, Laura, Emeline, Mary 
and Elizabeth. 

(The Ballou Une). 

The American Ballou families are of Nor- 
man-French descent. Guinebond Ballou, their 
ancestor, was, it is supposed, a marshal in the 
army of William the Conqueror and fought in 
the battle of Hastings, 1066. His descendants 
lived in county Sussex, England, until late in 
the fourteenth century, where they were ex- 
tensive landholders and hdd important govern- 
mental offices both in state and church. Later 
many of them settled in other counties of Eng- 
land and Ireland and held large baronial estates 
there. In England and Ireland they have pre- 
served an unbroken descend of domains and 
titles for at least six hundred years, and in 
Devonshire they have long been distinguished. 
The name has been variously spelled Belou, 
Ballowe, Belloue, Bellew, etc., but at present 
it is usually written Ballou. 

(I) Maturin Ballou, the immigrant ances- 
tor, was born in Devonshire, England, between 
1610 and 1620, and came to America previous 
to 1645, the exact date and place of landing 
being unknown. He is first mentioned as a co- 
proprietor of Providence Plantations, Rhode 
Island, January 19, 1646-47. He was admitted 
a freeman there May 18, 1658, together with 
Robert Pike, who became his father-in-law 
and with whom he was intimately associated 
all his life. Their home lots stood adjacent, 
in the north part of Providence as originally 
settled. Various parcels of land are recorded 
to have been subsequently assigned to him, but 
nothing definite concerning his character and 
standing is known. He died between Febru- 
ary 24, 1661, when he had land assigned to 
him, and January 31, 1663. His wife was 
Hannah, daughter of Robert and Catherine 
Pike, whom he married between 1646 and 

1649, probably in Providence, Rhode Island. 
She died at the age of eighty-eight years. Chil- 
dren, born in Providence: John, 1650; James, 
mentioned below; Peter, 1654; Hannah, 1656; 
Nathaniel, died in early manhood; Samuel, 
1660, drowned June 10, 1669. 

(II) James, son of Maturin Ballou, was 
bom in Providence, in 1652. Soon after his 
marriage in 1683 he settled in Loquasquissuck, 
originally a part of Providence, now Lincoln. 
It is supposed that he began preparations to 
settle there some time before, and his original 
log house was erected before 1685. His sec- 
ond home, a framed house, stood near the 
same site, and the well still remains. On Octo- 
ber 22, 1707; his mother and sister Hannah 
deeded to him all the property which had ccnne 
to them from his father, and this with his own 
inheritance of lands from his father made him 
owner of several hundred acres, together with 
his homestead. To this he added other tracts 
by purchase until he became owner of about 
a thousand acres. His most important acquisi- 
tions were in what was then Dedham and 
Wrentham, most of which became the north 
section of Ctunberland, Rhode Island. His 
first purchase in this locality was made early in 
1690, the grantor being William Avery, of 
Dedham. In 1706 he added to this enough to 
make several farms which he afterwards con- 
veyed to his three sons — ^James, Nathaniel and 
Obadiah. This division was made April 11, 
1713. In July, 1726, he made a gift deed to 
his youngest son, Nehemiah, of lands situated 
in Gloucester, Rhode Island, and at the same 
time gave to Samuel his home farm. His will 
was made April 20, 1734, and in 1741 he ap- 
pears to have made another arrangement of his 
affairs in relation to his personal estate, which 
he distributed among his children. The exact 
date of his death is not known, but it is sup- 
posed to have been soon after the settlement 
of his affairs. He was a man of superior abil- 
ity, enterprise and judgment. He married, 
July 23, 1683, Susanna, daughter of Valentine 
and Mary Whitman. She was born February 
28, 1658, at Providence, and died probably in 
1725. Children: James, born November i, 
1684; Nathaniel, mentioned below; Obadiah, 
September 6, 1689 ; Samuel, January 23, 1692- 
93; Susanna, January 3, 1695-96; Bathsheba, 
February 15, 1698; Nehemiah, January 20, 

(Ill) Nathaniel, son of James Ballou, was 
born at Providence, April 9, 1687, and died 
January 11, 1747-48. He married, December 
7, 1716, Mary Lovett, daughter of James. Chil- 
dren, born in Wrentham : Hannah, December 
1, 1717 ; Ruth, January 3, 1720; Amariah, Feb- 
ruary 27, 1722 ; Noah, mentioned below ; Ste- 
phen, March 18, 1731 ; Sarah ; Mary. 

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(IV) Noah, son of Nathaniel Ballou, was 
bom at Wrentham, August 3, 1728, in what is 
now Cumberland, Rhode Island. He was a 
member of the Baptist church for thirty-nine 
3rears, and a devout Christian. He died March 

20, 1807. He married (first) October, 1750, 
Abigail Razee, daughter of Joseph. She died 
September 10, 1794, and he married (second) 
July 7, 1796, Abigail Cook, widow of Daniel 
Cook Jr. She died September 18, 1808. Chil- 
dren, bom at Cumberland: Absalom, April 
16, 1752; Mercy, June 5, 1754; David, March 

21, 1756; Keziah, December 6, 1757; Noah, 
July 29, 1759; Silence and Abigail, twins, Sep- 
tember 7, 1761; Oliver, November 4, 1763; 
Ziba, of whom further; Eliel, February 20, 
1767; Amariah, February 14, 1771. 

(V) Ziba, son of Noah Ballou, was born at 
Cumberland, August 5, 1765. He had part of 
the homestead. He died in Cumberland, Au- 
gust 29, 1829. He married, March 2, 1788, 
Molly Mason, born April 12, 1771, died March 
27, 1839, daughter of Jonathan Mason. Chil- 
dren, born in Cumberland: James, November 
12, 1788; Stephen, September 9, 1790; Jona^- 
than, February 29, 1792; Ebenezer Mason, 
August 4, 1794; Charles, November 9, 1796; 
Keziah, December 25, 1798; Fenner, men- 
tioned below; Hiram, December 27, 1802; 
Nancy George, October 25, 1804; Henry 
Green, July 25, 1806; Emma Ann, May 17, 
1808; Mary, March 3, 1813; Louise S., Janu- 
ary 23, 1815. 

(VI) Fenner, son of Ziba Ballou, was born 
at Cumberland, January 18, 1801. He mar- 
ried, October 24, 1823, Julia Ann, daughter 
of Augustus and Bathsheba (Arnold) Aldrich, 
of Smithfield. Children: Samantha Pening- 
ton, born October 20, 1824; Ziba, January 13, 
1827; Alvah Franklin, January 6, 1828; 
Cyrena Aldrich, April 3, 1830; Julia married 
Benjamin F. Kendall (see Kendall). 

Ralph Shepard, the immigrant 
SHEPARD ancestor, was born in England 

and came to this country in 
July, 1635, on the ship "Abigail." He died 
September 11, 1693, ^^ ^he age of ninety years. 
With him came to New England his wife 
Thankus, then aged twenty-three according to 
the passenger list, and his daughter Sarah aged 
two years. He was a tailor by trade. He set- 
tled first at Charlestown, but in 1636 he was 
one of the pioneers of the town of Dedham, 
and afterward lived at Rehoboth, at Wey- 
mouth, at Concord and finally at Maiden, Mas- 
sachusetts. He was a town officer of Wey- 
mouth in 1645. He was buried in Maiden. 
Children: Sarah, born in 1633, in England; 
Thomas, mentioned below; Isaac, born at 

Weymouth, June 20, 1639; Trial, bom De- 
cember 19, 1641, married Walter Power; 
Abraham ; Thankus, born at Maiden, Febmary 
10, 1651-52, married, at Chelmsford, December 
13, 1669, Peter Dill; Jacob, June, 1653. 

(II) Thomas, son of Ralph Shepard, was 
bom about 1635. He resided at Maiden and 
Milton, Massachusetts; was admitted to the 
church at Charlestown, September 2, 1677, and 
was dismissed to the Maiden church, January 
31, 1689-90. He married (first) at Charles- 
town, November 19, 1658, Hannah, daughter 
of Thomas and Elizabeth Ensign, of Scituate, 
Massachusetts. She died March 14, 1697-98, 
aged fifty-nine years. He married (second) 
Joanna White. He died at Milton, September 
29, 1719. His will was dated at Milton, April 
10, 1719, and proved December 22, 1719. His 
wife died August 5, 1709, at Milton. He 
owned many lots in Charlestown. He be- 
queathed to sons, Ralph, John, Jacob and 
David, and to children of his daughter Han- 
nah. Children: Thomas, mentioned in the 
will of his Grandfather Ensign; removed to 
Bristol and New Haven, Connecticut ; married, 
December 7, 1682, Hannah Blanchard. 2. 
Hannah, married. May, 1681, Joseph Blanch- 
ard. 3. John, born at Maiden; married (first) 
March 26, 1690, Persis Peirce, (second) 

Rand. 4. Ralph, mentioned below. 5. 

Jacob, married Mercy Chickering, November 
22, 1699. 6. Isaac, resided in Concord and 
Norton, Massachusetts. 

(III) Ralph (2), son of Thomas Shepard, 
was born at Maiden, in January, 1666-67. He 
lived in Brookline (Muddy River) and at Mil- 
ton, where he died January 26, 1722. He mar- 
ried Marah . His children settled in Mil- 
ton and Stoughton. Children: i. Ralph, mar- 
ried, April 28, 1726, Sarah Spurr. 2. John, mar- 
ried. May 18, 1721, Rebecca Fenno, of Milton. 
3. Mary, married, Febmary 6, 1718, Jason Wil- 
liams, at Milton. 4. Hannah, married, No- 
vember 29, 1716, Manasseh Tucker. 5. Na- 
thaniel, born in 1705, died May 15, 1753. 6. 
Sarah, married, March 30, 1727, John Ireland, 
at Milton. 7. Thomas, mentioned below. 

(IV) Thomas (2), son of Ralph (2) Shep- 
ard, was born about 1710, at Milton or Brook- 
line, died February 6, 1782. He married (in- 
tention dated November 29, 1735) Amity 
Morse, daughter of Rev. Joseph Morse, of 
Stoughton. She died March 7, 1747-48, in her 
thirty-eighth year. Thomas Shepard deeded 
the lot for the burying ground to the town of 
Canton in consideration of five pounds, John 
Puffer and Benjamin Blackman being trustees 
for the town. This lot was on the west side of 
Shepard's farm, some six or seven rods from 
the highway to the southward; it had been 

Digitized by 


1236 • 


used as a burial place for thirty years. In 
1750 Thomas Shepard, Ezekiel Fisher and 
Stephen Badlam were given permission to 
build at their own expense a porch on the east 
end of the meeting house at Canton. Chil- 
dren born at Canton, formerly Stoughton: i. 
Samuel, mentioned below. 2. Jacob, born 
April 17, 1739. 3. Amity, born March 31, 
1741. 4. Unity, born April 5, 1745. 5. Wil- 
liam Ensign, born January 9, 1 746^47; a sol- 
dier in the revolution ; lived at Canton. 

(V) Samuel, son of Thomas (2) Shepard. 
was born at Canton, March i, 1736-37. He 
settled in his native town. Samuel Shepard, 
of Stoughton, was a soldier in the revolution, 
a private in Captain Peter Talbot's company, 
Colonel Lemuel Robinson's regiment, on the 
Lexington Alarm; also a corporal in Captain 
Simeon Leach's company. Colonel Benjamin 
Gill's regiment, marching from Stoughton to 
Braintree, March 21, 1776, when the British 
warships were in Boston harbor, and serving 
at Dorchester Heights at the time of the evacu- 
ation ; also sergeant in Captain Robert Swan's 
company, Colonel Benjamin Gill's regiment 
(see ^'Soldiers and Sailors in the Revolution," 
vol. xiv, pp. 118, 127). He married Ruth 
Downes. Children born in Canton, formerly 
Stoughton: i. Samuel, born February 6, 
1762. 2. Lemuel, bom March 25, 1763. 3. 
Jama well, born February 3, 1765, died May 4, 
1783. 4. Ruth, born June 6, 1766. 5. Ralph, 
mentioned below. 6. Luther, born May 20, 
1770. 7. Amity, born March 16, 1773. 8. 
Unity, born March 10, 1774. 9. Amity, born 
April 8, 1775. 10. John, born January 21, 
1777. II. Joseph, born July 7, 1778. 12. Han- 
nah, born November 10, 1781. 13. Sally, bom 
July 23, 1783. 

(VI) Ralph (3), son of Samuel Shepard, 
was born in Stoughton (Canton), April 26, 
1768. He married (intention dated March, 
1794) ^Abigail Gay, born January 16, 1774, 
died August 15, 1846, in Dorchester, Massa- 
chusetts. Children, born at Stoughton: i. 
Russell, born September 5, 1795. 2. Otis, men- 
tioned below. 3. Hiram, born November 21, 
1798, died September 2, 1838, in Dorchester, 

(VH) Otis, son of Ralph (3) Shepard, was 
born at Stoughton, March 12, 1797, died Feb- 
ruary 20, 1859, in Dorchester. He married, 
October 5, 1823, Ann Pope, born October 5, 
1803, died January 15, 1886, eldest daughter 
of William and Sarah (Pierce) Pope, of Dor- 
chester. Children: i. Otis, born September 
27, 1824, died September 27, 1825. 2. Kathr 
erine Amelia, born February 3, 1826, died at 
Dorchester, Massachusetts, May 28, 191 3 ; she 
was always a devoted member of the First 
Parish Church, of the Unitarian denomination. 

to which all the family belonged, and they 
were all born on "Meeting House Hill ;" Miss 
Shepard was much respected and beloved by 
all the older members of the society; she was 
a very interesting woman, having a remark- 
able memory, and an acquaintance with very 
many of the best families of Boston ; she was 
also a very self -sacrificing person, devoting 
herself during her entire lite to the large fam- 
ily, happy if they were all getting enjoyment 
out of life, which her care and labor helped 
them to do; they were all devotedly fond of 
her, and those remaining were loyal to her in 
her old age. 3. Otis, see forward. 4. Charles 
Alexander, born March 12, 1830; died Janu- 
ary 16, 1885; married March 25, 1858, Ann 
Maria, who died July 18, 1887, daughter of 
William and Catherine (Robbins) Broomhead ; 
children: i. William Otis, born October 25, 
1859. ii. Anna Clara, born August 26, 1861, 
died young, iii. Charles Alexander Jr., born 
August I, 1863 ; he went to California, remain- 
ing there ten years, and upon his return to 
Boston was a member of the firm of Mallock 
& Shepard, in the lumber business ; he married 
at Wakefield, Massachusetts, November 26, 
1902, Jessie Ida King, and had : Roger Brooks, 
born January 20, 1909, and Charles Alexander, 
born July 18, 1910. iv. Maud, born June 11, 
1866, died January 3, 1867. v. Addie Blanch- 
ard, born March 30, 1874, deceased. 5. Horace 
Scudder, born December 13, 1832, died Febru- 
ary 19, 1907; he married (first) August 9, 
1862, Hannah Bartlett, born in 1840, died 
March 9, 1885, daughter of William and Lucy 
(Gibbs) Spooner; be married (second) Octo- 
ber 9, 1886, Anna Maria Haines, of London, 
England ; children of first marriage : i. Lindsley 
Horace, born March 2fj, 1864; he married, 
January 3, 1888, Grace Ray Whitaker, of 
North Adams, Massachusetts, who died Sep- 
tember 7, 1891 ; he married (second) Septem- 
ber 12, 1893, Florence Anabel Goodwin, of 
Haverhill, Massachusetts ; children of first 
marriage: Hannah Bartlett, born June 8, 1889, 
unmarried; Clarence Whitaker, born Septem- 
ber 6, 1891, unmarried; child by second mar- 
riage: Ednah, born June 14, 1901. ii. Lucy 
Lindsley, born October 27, 1866, died Novem- 
ber 12, 1866. iii. Edward Spooner, born Octo- 
ber 4, 1868, died March 13, 1870. iv. Harry 
Bourne, born March 7, 1870, died March 13, 
1870; children of second marriage of Horace 
Scudder Shepard: v. Morris Haines, born 
October 14, 1888. vi. Pauline, born April 26, 

1890. vii. Arthur Pope, born December 4, 

1891. 6. Ann Adaline, born May 4, 1835, died 
January 6, 1874; sbe was a member of the 
first class graduated from Antioch College, and 
after graduation went to Europe, where she 
spent some time with the family of Nathaniel 

Digitized by 




Hawthorne while preparing for the professor- 
ship of modern languages at her ataia mater; 
this position she filled very acceptably upon 
her return to her native land; she married, 
August 30, 1859, Rev. Henry Clay Badger, 
son of Joseph and Eliza Mehitable (Sterling) 
Badger, who was at that time a professor in 
Antioch College ; after her marriage she con- 
ducted a private school in Boston, and was one 
of the four women appointed on the school 
committee, the first time women were elected 
to that office ; children : i. Theodore, born June 
22y 1863, died January 25, 1901 ; he married, 
October 19, 1886, Minnie, daughter of Amos 
and Eunice (Curry) Smith, of Ithaca, New 
York, and had children: Margaret, born Au- 
gust 26, 1888; Constance, May 13, 1891 ; Cath- 
erine, June 24, 1899. ii. Frederick, born De- 
cember 27, 1865, and resides at Newton High- 
lands, Massachusetts; he married, December 
26, 1901, Marta Elizabeth Sandverg, of Stock- 
holni, Sweden, who was born April 29, 1873 J 
children: Elsa, born October 2,2, 1902; Ada- 
line, December 16, 1905; Victor Sandverg, 
January 3, 1908. iii. Ernest, died August 31, 
1888. 7. Lucy Elizabeth, born September 28, 
1837, ^*cd February 9, 1869; she was a grad- 
uate of Antioch Collie, and taught Greek 
and mathematics at Englewood and in the 
Cambridge high school ; she was a brilliant and 
attractive person, and prepared many young 
men for college; she married, July 23, 1866, 
Rev. Thomas Hill, D. D., son of Thomas and 
Henrietta (Barker) Hill, president of Har- 
vard University for many years, now paator 
of the First Parish Church of Portland, Maine ; 
their only child was Otis Shepard Hill, born 
December 28, 1868, who is now a computer of 
Nautical and Geodetic survey at Washington, 
D. C, in the employ of the United States gov- 
ernment. 8. Eliza Frances, born March 14, 
1840; she married, October 20, 1869, Raphael, 
son of William and Mary (Welles) Pumpelly ; 
h€ was a professor in Harvard University, an 
expert in metallurgy and mining engineering, 
and went to Arizona and Japan upon a tour of 
investigation and inspection ; he wrote a book, 
"Across America and Asia," and was a director 
of trans-continental survey of the Northern 
Pacific railroad route ; he is connected with the 
geological department of the United States 
government, and resides at Newport, Rhode 
Island ; children : 1. A son, born April 23, 1871, 
died the same day. ii. Margarita, bom at 
Newburgh, New York, August 6, 1873; she 
married, in Brighton, England, November 8, 
1894, Henry Lloyd, born near St. Mary's, 
county of Perth, Ontario, Canada, son of Rev. 
Thomas Henry and Charlotte Ethelinde 
(Hughes) Smyth; children: Charlotte Pump- 

elly, born October 17, 1895, at Newport, Rhode 
Island; Pauline Pumpelly, born at Cambridge, 
Massachusetts, April 12, 1900; Henry Lloyd 
Jr., born at Cambridge, Massachusetts, Janu- 
ary 14, 1906 ; Barbara Elliott, born at Water- 
town, Massachusetts, September 13, 1910. iii. 
Caroline Eliza, born May 14, 1875; she mar- 
ried, October 3, 1898, Thomas Hondasyd, son 
of James Elliott and Elizabeth (Dwight) 
Cabot, and had children: Elizabeth, born at 
Frankfort, Germany, in April, 1902; Pauline 
Pumpelly, born in Dublin, New Hampshire, 
June I, 1903; Thomas Hondasyd, born in Bos- 
ton, Massachusetts, November 16, 1904. iv. 
Anna Pauline, born June 30, 1878, died May 
22, 191 1 ; she married, March 16, 1903, Rev. 
James Edgar Gregg, of Hartford, Connecticut, 
son of James Bartlett and Mary (Needham) 
Gregg; children: Elise Pumpelly, born April 
3, 1908; James Bartlett, born September i, 
1909. V. Clarence King, born May 12, 1879, 
died- August 12, 1879. vi. Raphael Welles, 
born at Newport, Rhode Island, May 23, 1881 ; 
he married. June 8, 1909, Amelie Sybil, bom 
in June, 1883, daughter of General Edward 
Hastings and Amelie Dykeman (Van Doren) 
Ripley, the former of Rutland, Vermont, the 
latter of New York ; children : Amelie Ripley, 
born in New York, May 10, 1910;- Raphael, 
third, born in New York, November 29, 191 1 ; 
Ripley Huntington, born at Samarcand, North 
Carolina, February 27, 1913. 9. Amasa Stet- 
son, born September 22, 1842, died November 
20, 1842. ID. Amasa Stetson, born January i, 
1844, ^'^ March 30, 18 — . 11. Rebecca Ket- 
tell, born January i, 1844, twin of Amasa Stet- 
son : she married, July 7, 1869, George Haven 
Putnam, a member of the firm of George P. 
Putnam's Sons, of New York City ; his father 
was the famous publisher, George Palmer Put- 
nam, founder of the firm, and his mother was 
Victoria (Haven) Putnam; children: i. Bertha 
Haven, born March i, 1872. ii. Ethel Froth- 
ingham, born November 2, 1873. iii. Mary 
Corinna, born September 27, 1875; she mar- 
ried, September 18, 1899, Joseph Lindon, son 
of Henry Francis and Emma (Greenleaf) 
Smith; children: Rebecca Shepard, born in 
Boston, No. 379 Marlboro street, January 16, 
1902 ; Frances Greenleaf, born at Oxford Ter- 
race, London, England, May 24, 1904; Lois 
Lindon, bom in Boston, February 21, 191 1. 
iv. Ellen Shepard, born July 8, 1878, died Au- 
gust 2, 1880. V. Dorothy, born October 10, 
1882. 12. Rachel Pope, born March 2, 1846, 
died, unmarried, at Dorchester, Massachusetts, 
May 2, 1913. 13. Ellen Grace, bom May 17, 
1849; she married, September 2, 1871, Henry 
Barker Hill, born April 27, 1849, died April 
6, 1903, son of Rev. Thomas Barker Hill. D. 

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D., and Ann Foster (Bellows) Hill; he was a 
professor of chemistry in Harvard University; 
they had one child, Edward Burlingame, bom 
September 9, 1879; he married, June 12, 1900, 
Maria Allison, bom November 3, 1878, daugh- 
ter of George Holmes and Anna Hartley 
(Dana) Bixby; children: Thomas Dana, bom 
June 12, 1901; Henry Bixby, September 8, 
1905 ; George Elwood Bellows, April 24, 1907. 

(Vni) Otis (2), son of Otis (i) Shepard, 
was born on Meeting House Hill, Boston, Sep- 
tember 27, 1827, died at his home in Brookline, 
Massachusetts, May 22, 1900. He attended 
the public schools of Dorchester and a private 
school on Meeting House Hill. At the SLge of 
sixteen years he entered the employ of the 
firm of A. & A. Pope, lumber dealers. Com- 
mercial street, Dorchester, and was rapidly 
advanced to positions of larger responsibility 
and trust and finally was admitted to partner- 
ship. In 1855 he bought the interests of his 
partner and became sole proprietor, though the 
retail department was continued under the old 
name. About 1865 he retired from the retail 
business and opened a wholesale lumber busi- 
ness on Central street, in Boston, and bought 
the business of the well-known firm of Flint 
& Hall, lumber dealers, continuing business 
under the firm name of Shepard, Flint & Com- 
pany. In 1878 his business was incorporated 
under the name of Shepard & Morse Lumber 
Company, of which he was president during 
the remainder of his life. He was prominent 
not only in business but in financial circles. He 
was a director and vice-president of the old 
Manufacturers' Bank and afterward vice- 
president of the Colonial Bank, formed by a 
combination of the Maiiufacturers' and Conti- 
nental banks. He was a prime mover in organ- 
izing the larger institution. He was a director 
of the United States Tmst Company. He was 
also for many years vice-president of the Sagi- 
naw Lumber & Salt Company of East Sagi- 
naw, Michigan. For many years he was a 
member of the Boston Chamber of Commerce. 
In politics be was a Republican, in religion a 

He married. May 4, 1854, Emily Elizabeth 
Blanchard, born January 11, 1833, daughter 
of John Wheeler and Sarah Ann (Badger) 
Blanchard. Children: i. Horace Blanchard, 
bom April 12, 1855; married, February 14, 
1882, Florence Olivia Gaut, bom December 12, 
1854, at Somerville, Massachusetts, third 
daughter of Samuel Newton and Susan Eliot 
(Dutton) Gaut; had children: 1. Ralph Ather- 
ton Shepard, bom January 15, 1883, at 
Brighton, Massachusetts, married June 11, 
1907, Harriet Inez Whelen, eldest daughter of 
Peter and Elizabeth (Hume) Whelen, of 
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, and they have two 

children: Hume Gordon, born March 4, 1908, 
in Brookline, and Florence Phyllis, born Jime 

9, 1910. ii. Otis Norton Shq)ard, born Jime 
18, 1884, at Brighton, now part of Boston; 
married, November 17, 1909, Gladys Louise 
Peck, daughter of Theodore Gordon Peck, of 
Samsondale, New York, and they have one 
child, Horace Blanchard, second, bom March 
16, 1912, in New York City. iii. Herman Grant 
Shepard, bom August ii,- 1885, at Brighton, 
died March 27, 18^5, at Brookline. iv. Irving 
Minot Shepard, born December 9, 1886, at 
Brookline, married, April 19, 1913, Emma Mae 
Brigham. v. Eliot Blanchard Shepard, bom 
April 27, 1891, at Brookline. vi. Horace Went- 
worth Shepard, June 16, 1894. 2. Otis Ather- 
ton, born March 28, 1859, at Dorchester ; mar- 
ried Susie Leinow Loring Gaut, born August 
21, 1863; children: Margaret Ashley Shepard, 
born June 18, 1886; Dorothea Shepard, Au- 
gust 20, 1888; and Hilda Gaut Shepard, Sep- 
tember 21, 1897. 3. Thomas Hill, born No- 
vember 23, 1866; married June 2, 1895, Edna 
Parker; children: Katharine Shepard, born 
May 10, 1896; Francis Parker Shepard, May 

10, 1897; and Stuart Shepard, July 6, 1900. 4. 
Emily Blanchard, born June 7, 1869; resides 
with her mother at 124 Rawson Road, Brook- 
Hne, Massachusetts. 

Edmund Littlefield, the 
LITTLEFIELD first of the line in this 
country, was bom in 
Titchfield, near Southampton, England, in 
1590. He did business there as a clothier — 
that is, he gave out the material for weaving 
cloth to the owners of hand looms to be woven 
into cloth which he sold to the trade. He mar- 
ried, in 161 7, Annis (sometimes written 
Annice and Annas), who bore to him eight 
children: Francis, bom in 1619; Anthony, 
Elizabeth, John, Thomas, Mary, Hannah and 
Francis Jr. Francis, the eldest son, disap- 
peared from his home when eleven years of 
age and made his way to America. He was 
mourned as dead by his parents, and when 
some time afterwards another son was born to 
them, they named him also Francis. Edmund, 
accompanied by one son, presumably Anthony, 
sailed from Southampton for New England in 
1637. He was in Boston in 1638, where he 
probably became acquainted with Rev. John 
Wheelwright, the first pastor of the First 
Church of Braintree, a tablet to whose memory 
may be seen on the walls of the First Church 
of Quincy, formerly Braintree. 

Annis Littlefield, with the other^six chil- 
dren and two servants, sailed from Southamp- 
ton in 1638, on the ship "Bevis," and joined 
her husband. The family appears to have 
been in Woburn for a short time. In 1639 the 

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family, including Francis Sr., who had been 
found, removed to Exeter, New Hampshire, 
where Edmund and Francis Sr. became mem- 
bers of the combination, as it was called, and 
received allotments of land in that town — 
Edmund, 21 acres, and Francis Sr., four acres. 
Rev. John Wheelwright, who had left Brain- 
tree because of disagreements wUh the author- 
ities in religious matters (the Antinomian con- 
troversy was then raging), had became pastor 
of the church at Exeter. Edmund Littlefield 
was an active member of that church. He be- 
came dissatisfied with conditions prevailing at 
Exeter, and in 1641 removed with his family 
into the then wilderness be)rond the sounds of 
ecclesiastical strife and settled on the banks of 
the Webhannet river, in the province of Maine, 
where he erected a saw mill and engaged in 
the lumber business. It is said that his mill 
was the first in that part of the country. 
Later, when other settlers arrived, he built a 
grist mill. The town which sprung up about 
his mills was early given the name of Wells. 
In 1643 h^ secured from Thomas Gorges a 
grant of the land on which he had settled, and 
for a time he acted as agent of Gorges for the 
sale of land in that region claimed by Gorges 
under his grant. Rev. John Wheelwright came 
from Exeter with a part of his flock and set- 
tled at the same place. About the year 1643 
a church was established there, which is to- 
day the First Congregational Church of Wells, 
of which Mr. Littlefield was an active member 
during the rest of his life. He was commis- 
sioner in Wells, with Ezekial Knight and 
Thomas Wheelwright, in 1654-55. He was 
also one of a commission to fix the boundary 
between the towns of Wells and Porpoise. He 
died at Wells, December 11, 1661, at the age 
of seventy-one years. His will and the inven- 
tory of his estate, which may be seen in the 
York coimty, Maine, records, shows that he 
had prospered in business and was a very 
wealthy man for those times. In his will he 
very carefully provides for the care and sup- 
port of his wife. Bourne, the historian of 
Wells and Kennebec, says of him that "he was 
a man upon whose character no spot or blem- 
ish could be found." 

(II) Francis Sr., reference to whom has 
already been made, was with his father in 
Exeter, New Hampshire, and in Wells. For a 
time he resided at Dover, New Hampshire. 
He represented that town in the legislature of 
the province of New Hampshire in 1648. He 
later returned to Wells and was very promi- 
nent in the contention between Gorges and the 
Massachusetts Colony, in which he and the 
other men of the family took the side against 
Gorges. He represented Wells in 1665 and 

1666 and York in 1668 in the Massachusetts 
general court. According to the colonial rec- 
ords the general court met occasionally at his 
house in 1662. He appears to have been a 
man of great energy and public spirit* He 
acquired large tracts of land in York county, 
and died in Wells, in 1712, aged 93. He mar- 
ried, in 164 — , Jane, daughter of Ralph Hill, 
of Plymouth, Massachusetts ; she died Decem- 
ber 20, 1646, leaving a daughter who probably 
died very young. He married, in 1648, his sec- 
ond wife, Rebecca , by whom he had 

Daniel, Edmund, James Sr. and Dependence. 

Regarding Edmund, who is generally held 
to have been the second son of Francis Sr., 
there is some little question whether he may 
not have been a son of Anthony. 

Anthony, the second son of Eximund, was 
born at Titchfield, in 1621. He lived at Wells 
all his life, and married and had a son Ed- 
mund. He died in 1662, a few months after 
his father's decease. It may be that his son 
Edmund, who was bound out to his Uncle 
Francis at the time of his father's decease, 
came to be called the son of Francis. 

(III) Edmund, son of Francis Sr. (or per- 
haps Anthony), was born in Wells, in 1650, 
married Elizabeth Mott, and resided during 
the remainder of his life at Braintree, Massa- 
chusetts, where he died April 9, 1718. He 
was a farmer and in good circumstances. He 
was chosen to fill several offices of trust, and 
appears to have had the respect and esteem of 
his fellow citizens. He had a large number 
of children, the second of whom was 

(IV) Edmund, bom in 1692, married Bethia 
Waldo, December 6, 171 1 ; she was a member 
of a family which has been eminent in New 
England history. She was daughter of Daniel 
and Susanna (Adams) Waldo, and was bom 
at Chelmsford, Massachusetts, August 20, 
1688. She was granddaughter of Cornelius 
Waldo and Hannah (Cogeswell) Waldo, of 
Ipswich, Massachusetts. They resided after 
their marriage at Pomfret, Connecticut, but 
their graves are at Chelmsford. The Coges- 
wells of Essex county, Massachusetts, are a 
well-known family. On her mother's side 
Bethia Waldo was the granddaughter of 
Captain Samuel Adams, son of Henry Adams, 
who came from Braintree, Essex county, 
England, and settled in Braintree, Massa- 
chusetts, and was the progenitor of the Adams 
family of Braintree which gave two presi- 
dents to the country, and of Rebecca (Graves) 
Adams, daughter of Rear-Admiral Thomas 
Graves, of the British navy, who settled at 
Charlestown, Massachusetts, in 1638. In the 
female line Ralph Waldo Emerson was a 
descendant of Cornelius Waldo. Edmund 

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and Bethia (Waldo) Littlefield had several 
children, one of whom was 

(V) Daniel Littlefield, who was born in 
Braintree, October 13, 1712. His father died 
May 27, 1717, at the early age of thirty-three, 
and his widow settled his estate. Her account 
with the estate contains several charges for 
maintenance of the son Daniel. Daniel mar- 
ried, December 8, 1732, Rebecca, daughter of 
Josiah and Martha (Howard) Williams, of 
Taunton, Massachusetts, born December 25, 
17 1 5. She was a lineal descendant of Deacon 
Richard Williams, who came from Wales and 
was one of the founders of Taunton, Massa- 
chusetts, and organizer, with John and Walter 
Dean, Hezekiah Hoare and others, of the Iron 
Works Company of Taunton. It is possible 
that Richard Williams may have been a rela- 
tive of Roger Williams, who also came from 
Wales. On her mother's side she was a lineal 
descendant of John Howard, who lived in the 
family of Captain Miles Standish and became 
one of the founders of Bridgewater, Massa- 
chusetts, and of Rev. James Keith. Both the 
Howard and Keith families have had a large 
place in the history of Pl)aTiouth colony and 
of the nation. Major Jonathan Howard, son 
of John, through whom Rebecca Williams* line 
is traced, married Sarah Dean, a granddaugh- 
ter of John Dean, of South Chard, parish of 
Chard, county of Somerset, England, who with 
his brother Walter came to Taunton in 1638 
and, with Williams and others, as above stated, 
engaged in the iron business. John Dean's son 
John was the first child born in the Taunton 
colony. Daniel Littlefield settled in the West 
Parish of Bridgewater, Massachusetts, where 
his children were bom. He died at Braintree, 
April 6, 1800. He was a deacon of the First 
Church of Bridgewater, and was noted for his 
benevolence and his championship of the cause 
of the poor and oppressed. He served in the 
French and Indian war, in a Bridgewater 
company. Thirteen children were bom to him, 
of whom the seventh was 

(VI) Seth, who was bom March 19, 1746. 
He married, February 11, 1771, Kezia, born 
May 9, 1750, daughter of Ebenezer and Sarah 
(Howard) Ames, daughter of Major Jona- 
than Howard, son of John Howard. Ebeiv 
ezer Ames was a descendant of William Ames, 
of Braintree, whose brother John was an orig- 
inal proprietor of the town of Bridgewater. 
John Ames, son of William, received his Uncle 
John's estate by will and settled in Bridge- 
water. Fisher Ames, the orator and states- 
man, was of this family, as were also the 
brothers Oakes and Oliver Ames, of Easton, 
Massachusetts, of whom the first built the 

Union Pacific railroad and the other was 
governor of the state of Massachusetts. 

Seth Littlefield removed to North Easton, 
Massachusetts, after his marriage and pur- 
chased a farm near the Old Bay Road which, 
as one of the commissioners, he laid out. The 
farm has always remained in the family and is 
now owned and occupied by F. B. Littlefield, 
one of his descendants and a substantial citi- 
zen of that town. Seth (VI) was deacon of 
the Congregational church in Easton. He died 
May i, 1839. His wife died April 24, 1829. 
They were buried in the Keith burying ground, 
so-called, on the Old Bay Road a^ut one- 
half mile west and south of his home. The 
inscription on her tombstone reads: "Sacred 
to the memory of Kezia, wife of Mr. Seth 
Littlefield and daug' of Mr. Eben*" Ames, who 
died April 24, 1829." They had ten children, 
of whom the sixth was 

(VII) Seth, born January 12, 1781, mar- 
ried, December 5, 1814, Sarah (Crane) Little- 
field, daughter of Samuel and Experience 
(Thayer) Crane, of Bradford, New Hamp- 
shire. Both Seth Littlefield (VI) and Samuel 
Crane were soldiers in the revolutionary war. 
Sarah Crane was a descendant of Henry 
Crane, of Milton, Massachusetts, the progeni- 
tor of the Crane family of Massachusetts, of 
which ex-Governor and United States Senator 
Crane is a member. She was a teacher in the 
Massachusetts schools. On her mother's side 
she was a descendant of Thomas Thayer, one 
of the founders of Braintree, and the progeni- 
tor of the Thayer family of Massachusetts (of 
which General Sylvanus Thayer was a mem- 
ber) noted for their public spirit and generous 
gifts to public uses. She was also a descend- 
ant of John Bass, of Braintree, and Ruth 
(Alden) Bass, daughter of the Pilgrim John 

Seth Littlefield removed to Grantham, New 
Hampshire, in Febmarv, 181 5, and bought a 
large tract of land on the Sugar river, with a 
cottage house and a small saw mill thereon. 
Here his children were born: Daniel, August 
21, 1815; Susan, December 14, 1816; Rufus 
Ames, December 2, 1818 ; Seth, March 8, 1821 ; 
Sarah, August 14, 1822; Phebe, December 18, 
1826; George Whitefield and Kezia Ames, July 
6, 1829. As the sons grew up to sturdy man- 
hood, he purchased lands adjoining his farm 
and cleared up large areas from the primeval 
forest. He also built a large barn and a dwell- 
ing house which is to-day one of the finest resi- 
dences in the Sugar river valley. He was a 
man of great energy and business ability, mak- 
ing many trips to Boston to market the 
products of his farm. He was for many years 

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1 241 

a deacon of the Croydon (New Hampshire) 
Congregational church, and an earnest, devoted 
Christian who brought up his children "in the 
fear and admonition of the Lord." He died 
October 18, 1871. His wife died February 
22, 1864. Mrs. Littlefield inherited the energy 
of her mother. Experience Thayer, who was 
indeed a helpmeet to her husband, Samuel 
Crane, whose health had been broken by long 
service in the army. She was well educated 
and inspired her children with a strong desire 
for education. All the children attended Kim- 
ball Union Academy at Meriden, New Hamp- 
shire, and became teachers. Daniel graduated 
at Dartmouth College in the class of 1843. 

(VHI) Rufus Ames Littlefield was named 
after his grand-uncle, Rufus Ames, son of 
Jonathan and Sarah (Howard) Ames. He 
prepared for college, but did not enter. The 
East Bridgewater (Massachusetts) Academy 
in 1842 had for its principal Daniel Littlefield, 
assistant principal Rufus Ames Littlefield, 
principal of the young ladies' department 
Susan Littlefield, and Seth Littlefield was a 
pupil. Hon. Benjamin W. Harris, Hon. 
James Sidney Allen, Hon. Jesse M. Keith'and 
other men afterwards prominent in public life 
were students in the academy at that time. 

Rufus Ames Littlefield taught schools in 
Plymouth county for many years, and was 
long held in grateful remembrance by his 
pupils. At the celebration of the golden wed- 
ding of himself and his wife on June 10, 1895, 
several of his old pupils came from considerable 
distances to show their respect and affection 
for their former teacher. He was a man of 
commanding presence and powerful physique, 
and was capaole intellectually as well as phy- 
sically of playing a much larger part on the 
stage of life than fell to him. A certain dis- 
trust of his own abilities held him back where 
men of much smaller caliber but far greater 
self-confidence rushed on to greater achieve- 
ment. He was absolutely faithful to his con- 
victions of duty, and greatly devoted to his 
family. He was a member of the school com- 
mittee of East Bridgewater for several years, 
and a justice of the peace appointed by the 
governor of Massachusetts, for seven years. 
He took a great interest in religious education 
and the services of the church, and for many 
years was deacon of the Union Congregational 
Church of East and West Bridgewater, and a 
superintendent of the Sunday school. He was 
also an ardent advocate of temperance, and 
with his father-in-law, Nathan Whitman, was 
an active worker in the enforcement of the 
laws for the suppression of the illegal sale of 
liquors in East Bridgewater and vicinity. 

He married, June 10. 1845, Abigail Russell, 
daughter of Deacon Nathan Whitman and 

Semantha (Keith) Whitman, of East Bridge- 
water. Through her father Mrs. Littlefield's 
descent has been proved from John Alden, 
William and Alice MuUins and Priscilla Mul- 
lins, Stephen, Elizabeth and Damaris Hop- 
kins, James Chilton and his wife, and Mary 
(Chilton) Winslow, Francis Cooke and Fran- 
cis Eaton, all "Mayflower" passengers. On 
the authority of Mitchell's "History of Bridge- 
water" (which has been questioned but not 
disproved) her descent is claimed from Cap- 
tain Miles Standish through his son Ensign 
Josiah Standish, whose daughter Mary mar- 
ried James Cary and had a daughter Mercy, 
who married David Thurston, whose daughter 
Abigail married Jesse Byram, who was the 
great-great-grandfather of Abigail Russell 
Whitman. She was also descended from sev- 
eral other Plymouth settlers who arrived after 
the Pilgrims — ^John Winslow, Giles Rickard, 
Moses Simmons, Robert Latham, Experience 
Mitchell, Elder Gain Robinson, Edward Hol- 
man, George Partridge, William Haskins and 
others. ' 

She also derived descent from a large ntjm- 
ber of the first settlers of Bridgewater, m addi- 
tion to those mentioned above ; on her mother's 
side — Rev. James Keith, Arthur Harris (an- 
cestor of Hons. Benjamin W. Harris and Rob- 
ert O. Harris), Deacon Samuel Edson, Elder 
William Brett and Deacon John Willis ; on her 
father's side — John Whitman, Captain Nich- 
olas Byram, John Fobes, Francis Godfrey, 
John Cary, Thomas Haywood, Thomas Snell 
and others. 

She was also through the Keith Hne de- 
scended from Edmund Quincy, of Braintree, 
who came from England with Rev. John Cot- 
ton in 1633, and was the founder of the 
Quincy family of Massachusetts ; and . from 
Joanna Hoar, sister of Rev. Leonard Hoar, 
president of Harvard University, who became 
the wife of Edmund Quincy, son of Edmund 
and Judith Quincy; and also from Rev. 
Thomas Sheppard, a professor in and bene- 
factor of Harvard University, whose daughter 
Ann married Daniel Quincy, son of Edmund 
Quincy 2d, and had a daughter Ann who mar- 
ried Colonel John Holman, father of Captain 
John Holman, and had a daughter Sarah who 
married James Keith, great-grandfather of 
Abigail Russell (Whitman) Littlefield; and 
also from John Winslow, brother of Edmund 
Winslow, who married Mary Chilton and set- 
tled in Boston ; from Abraham Shaw, of Ded- 
ham, progenitor of the Shaw family of Massa- 
chusetts; from John Hayden, who settled in 
Dorchester in 1634; from Thomas Green and 
Rebecca, his wife, who came from England 
and settled in Maiden, Massachusetts; from 
John Vinton, a Huguenot, who settled in Wey- 

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mouth, where his first child was born in 1648; 
from Thomas White; from Deacon John 
Rogers, of Weymouth; and from William 
Read, also of Weymouth, whose daughter 
Ruth married John Whitman, all of whom 
were first settlers ; and from John Field, com- 
panion of Roger Williams, whose son John 
settled in Bridgewater in 1645, ^^^ ^^^ ^ son, 
Captain John Field, who married Elizabeth 
Ames, and had a daughter Susannah, who" 
married Joseph Keith and had a daughter Sus- 
anna, who married William Vinton and had a 
daughter Abigail, who married Thomas Rus- 
sell and had a daughter Abigail, who married 
Deacon William Keith, the grandfather of 
Abigail Russell Littlefield. John Field was a 
lineal descendant from Sir Hubertus de la 
Field, who followed William the Conqueror to 
England in 1066, and after the battle of Hast- 
ings received a grant of land in England. 

John Whitman, of Weymouth and Bridge- 
water, Massachusetts, was the first of a line 
which has given to the state of Massachusetts 
and the nation many men who were eminent in 
professional, business and public life. Among 
them were Ezekiel Whitman, M. C, and for 
many years chief justice of the superior court 
and supreme court of the state of Maine ; Wil- 
liam E. Russell, twice governor of Massachu- 
setts; Dr. Marcus Whitman, who saved the 
territory of Qr^on to the United States ; and 
Hon. Kilborn Whitman, of Abington, from 
whom the town of Whitman, Massachusetts, 
was named. Among the descendants of John 
Whitman were many men and women of high 
scholarly attainments, as the records of Har- 
vard and Brown universities show. 

Abigail Russell (Whitman) Littlefield, bom 
in Boston, March 27, 1827, was educated in 
the schools of East Bridgewater and Charles- 
town (Massachusetts) Female Seminary. She 
was a proficient scholar, especially in mathe- 
matics, and greatly assisted in the education of 
her children. Her amiability and simple un- 
affected piety and genuine sympathy for all 
persons in any trouble endeared her to a large 
circle of friends. Although her cares as the 
head of a large family were many, she found 
time to prepare for and teach a ladies' Bible 
class in the Union Congregational Sunday 
school for -many years. She had a rare gift 
in the interpretation of the scriptures and the 
application of their teachings to the affairs of 
daily life. Her devotion to her family knew 
no bounds, and her children will ever rise up 
and call her blessed. 

There were born to Rufus Ames Littlefield 
and Abigail R. Littlefield the following chil- 
dren: Nathan Whitman, bom May 21, 1846; 
George Henry, born September 18, 1848; 

Rufus Ames, bom December 17, 1850; Daniel 
Eugene, born February 8, 1853, died April 5, 
1876; Frank Russell, born April 13, 1855, died 
August 15, 1869; Abby Whitman, died in 
infancy; Agnes Keith, born July 18, 1858; 
Baalis San ford, born January 21, 1862; Charles 
Gilbert, bom January 26, 1864; and Abby 
Frances, bom January 26, 1864, died Febru- 
ary 6, 1883. 

Nathan Whitman Littlefield received his 
education in the public schools of East Bridge- 
water and under the private tuition of Rev. 
Baalis Sanford, B. U., 1823, who was for 
many years a minister and chairman of the 
school committee, with whom he read Latin 
and Greek. His father tutored him in mathe- 
matics. The greater part of his preparation 
for collie was made out of school while he 
was engaged in other occupations. Yet he 
found time after work to read considerably 
more Latin and Greek than was required for 
admission to college. For a short time he 
studied at Bridgewater Academy, of which 
Horace M. Willard, B. U., 1864, was princi- 
pal, and at Phillips Academy, Andover, under 
that prince of teachers, Samuel H. Taylor, LL. 
D., Dart. Coll., 1832, whom he has always re- 
garded as the greatest teacher of preparatory 
Latin and Greek whom he has ever known. 
Graduating from that academy in 1865, he at 
once entered Dartmouth Colleg:e. When the 
results of his entrance examinations were pre- 
sented to Dr. Smith, then president of the col- 
lege, he remarked: "Without irreverence, I 
may say that I am glad to be able to minister 
an abundant entrance unto you." He was also 
prominent in athletics and was chosen captain 
of his class when a freshman, and held" the 
place during the entire course. He was also- 
class president for several years. Bissel Gym- 
nasium was erected at Dartmouth in 1866, and 
much attention was given to athletics by the 
faculty and the students. R^ular exercise in 
the gymnasium was made a part of the college 
course. After a course in physical culture at 
a school taught by Professor F. G. Welsh, of 
Yale and Dartmouth, he was made an assistant 
instmctor to Professor Welsh during his junior 
and senior years. He was made a member of 
the Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity and had 
the pleasure as head of the Pi Chapter of in- 
ducting General William Tecumseh Sherman, 
who was present as the guest of the college at 
the celebration of its centennial anniversary, 
into honorary membership in that fraternity. 
In passing, it may be said that General Sher- 
man was received by the students of the col- 
lege with such genuine manifestations of ad^ 
miration and regard that the aged hero's heart 
greatly warmed toward his young countrymen^ 

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If Digitized by Google 

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He went about among them during his few 
days' visit on terms of pleasant familiarity. 
He seemed to be living over the days of his 
own school life, so jovial and happy did he 

Although young Littlefield, like many of his 
college mates in those days, was thrown upon 
his own resources to meet the expenses of his 
education and much of his time was taken up 
in work to enable him to meet those expenses, 
he won some honors. At the Junior Exhibi- 
tion of his class he gave the Greek oration, the 
parts being assigned by the faculty on the basis 
of scholarship and the Greek oration being 
ranked as the highest honor. At the Senior 
Exhibition of the United Literary Societies of 
the college, which was the most important 
literary function of the college course, he was 
selected by his society as its representative in 
the debate, the leading part on such occasions. 
The subject debated seems quite modem. It 
was: "Are majorities the safest rulers?" The 
selection of that subject indicates the trend of 
the student mind. Singularly enough he also 
gave an address during his freshman year be- 
fore his literary society on the subject, "The 
true Grandeur of Nations,'* not knowing at 
that time that Charles Sumner had given an 
address on the same subject. The faculty sent 
many students whose preparation was deficient 
or who failed in their examinations to Mr. 
Littlefield to be tutored. At one time there 
were fourteen undergraduates under his tuition. 

In 1869, the year of his graduation, was also 
the centennial of the college, an event of un- 
usual interest in its history, and was celebrated 
with an elaborate program of addresses by 
distinguished alumni of the college. The exer- 
cises, which occupied several days, were held 
in a great tent on the campus and multitudes 
of old graduates and friends of the college of 
more or less distinction attended. At the 
graduating exercises of the class a most unex- 
pected and gratifying honor was given to the 
valedictorian of the class as he came forward 
to announce his address. Apparently with- 
out any prearrangement, the entire class arose 
and vigorously applauded their classmate. For 
several years after graduation Mr. Littlefield 
taught in high schools in Massachusetts and 
Rhode Island. He was submaster in the 
Charlestown, Massachusetts, high school, and 
for three years principal of the Newport, 
Rhode Island, high school. From that place he 
was called to Westerly as superintendent of 
the village schools and principal of the high 
school. The report of the superintendent of 
schools of Newport for the year 1872-73 con- 
tains these words : "Mr. Littlefield is a man of 
sound and liberal scholarship and an efficient 

teacher and earnest worker. His amiable dis- 
position and rare virtues have endeared him 
to his pupils and associates, and I am sure that 
we share in their regrets that the school must 
lose his labors and influence." At Westerly he 
was equally successful as a teacher and super- 
intendent, and very reluctantly resigned his 
position there though offered a large increase 
of salary, in order to prepare himself for his 
chosen profession. 

In October, 1874, he entered the Law School 
of Boston University, and completed the three 
years* course in two years, graduating in 1876. 
In May, 1876, he was admitted to the Boston 
bar, but immediately went to Providence and 
entered the office of James Tillinghast, Esq., 
where he pursued the study of local statutes 
and court procedure during the six months re- 
quired by Rhode Island law, and was admitted 
to the Rhode Island bar in January, 1877, and 
in due course was admitted to practice before 
the United States courts. He soon took a 
leading place among the lawyers of the state. 
His success has been won, not by superficial 
and showy qualities, but by thorough, careful 
and conscientious preparation of his cases and 
by the energy and resourcefulness with which 
he has prosecuted them. In all matters per- 
taining to the improvement oi the law and the 
elevation of professional and judicial stand- 
ards he has been a fearless leader. On the 
reorganization of the judicial system of the 
state in 1904-05, made necessary by a consti- 
tutional amendment, he was appointed a mem- 
ber of the commission which revised the laws 
relating to the constitution and jurisdiction of 
the courts, and reported the system of law 
known as the court and practice act. When 
again an amendment to the constitution of the 
state was adopted in 1909, providing for the 
election of members of the house of repre- 
sentatives by districts, he was appointed a 
member at large of the commission which 
divided the state into representative districts, 
and was one of the subcommittee of three to 
whom was committed the preparation of the 
statutes necessary to carry into effect the 
radical changes in the method of electing 
assemblymen resulting from that amendment. 

Mr. Littlefield's practice has been exclusively 
on the civil side of the court, and mostly in 
equity and probate causes and in matters per- 
taining to real estate, although he has had a 
wide experience in jury trials. From the be- 
ginning of his career he has been engaged in 
some of the most important litigation which 
has come before the Rhode Island courts, both 
in regard to the legal principles involved and 
the pecuniary interests at stake. When Roger 
Williams Park was enlarged about 1890, he 

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was counsel for the owners of the greater part 
of Cunliff's Pond and the surrounding land 
which was taken by the city of Providence by 
the exercise of the right of eminent domain. 
The titles to various parts of that property 
were very defective and many conflicting 
claims arose. There probably has never been 
a single case involving so many difficult ques- 
tions of law and fact before a Rhode Island 
court as grew out of the litigation over the 
titles of the heirs of Joseph G. Johnson in a 
large part of the land taken by the city. All 
the questions litigated were decided in favor 
of the Johnson heirs, his clients. When the 
Union Trust Company of Providence closed 
its doors in 1907, the lawyers representing 
most of the depositors in that institution chose 
Mr. Littlefield to represent them on the de- 
positors' committee which was raised to assist 
in evolving a plan for the reorganization of 
that institution. He was made secretary of the 
committee, and also was retained, with Cyrus 
M. Van Slyck, Esq., and Frank L. Hinckley, 
Esq., as counsel for the depositors to repre- 
sent them in all court proceedings and in 
formulating a plan of reorganization. Co- 
operating with Rathbone Gardner, Esq., coun- 
sel for the receivers, a plan was evolved which 
was put into execution and successfully car- 
ried out. The plan and its execution were 
absolutely unique in the financial history of the 
country, and has been pronounced by eminent 
authorities a most remarkable piece of work. 
Its success, however, was quite as much due 
to the splendid cooperation of the legal pro- 
fession and business men of the city and state 
as to any merit of the plan itself, however 
great that may have been. 

Mr. Littlefield was senior member of the 
law firm of Littlefield & Barrows from 1899 
until Mr. Barrows was unanimously elected 
by the general assembly a justice of the 
superior court in 1913. As the first referee 
in bankruptcy appointed in this state under the 
United States bankruptcy act of 1898, Mr. 
Littlefield had much to do with the inter- 
pretation of the law in its early stages. Some 
of the cases in which he wrote opinions which 
are reported iq the American bankruptcy re- 
ports, were and still are leading cases on the 
questions decided. He has been continuously 
reappointed referee since his first appointment, 
in conjunction with Mr. Barrows since 1900, 
until Mr. Barrows* elevation to the bench, and 
is now serving his eighth term in that office. 

In politics he is a Progressive Democrat, 
having joined that party during Mr. Cleve- 
land's administration. He was candidate of 
that party for governor of a state in the year 
1900, and has twice since that time declined a 

renomination for that office, owing to his busi- 
ness engagements. He was a member of the 
Rhode Island senate from the city of Paw- 
tucket, 1 897- 1 898, and dra'fted the first caucus 
law which was passed by either house of the 
general assembly. 

Mr. Littlefield has always taken a deep inter- 
est in all questions relating to the educational, 
moral and religious life of the communities in 
which he has resided. He wa»s elected a mem- 
ber of the Pawtucket school committee for two 
terms, 1897-1901 and 1905-08, having been 
elected first by the Democratic party and sec- 
ond by the Republican as a non-partisan candi- 
date. He was chairman of the committee, 

His services have been much in demand as 
a lecturer and orator on historical, political and 
other subjects, and he has delivered many ad- 
dresses before various societies, such as the 
Rhode Island Historical Society, the Old 
Colony Historical Society, the Providence Art 
Club, the Old Bridgewater Historical Society 
and the Bridgewater Normal School. He de- 
livered on June 13, 1906, the oration at the 
celebration of the 250th anniversary of the 
founding of the town of Bridgewater, Massa- 
chusetts, and the Phi Beta Kappa address at 
Dartmouth College in 1910. The honorary de- 
gree of Master of Arts was conferred upon 
him by Dartmouth College in 1909, on which 
occasion the following words were addressed 
to the recipient : "Nathan Whitman Littlefield, 
student as well as practitioner of the law, 
gifted in public speech, subordinating personal 
interests to the public weal, upon you, as one 
who has carried the high ideal of his college 
life into his later career, I confer the honor- 
ary degree of Master of Arts." 

Mr. Littlefield is a member of the Pawtucket 
Congregational Church, and has been a super- 
intendent of the Sunday school for two terms 
of several years each, and was made a life 
member of the Congregational Sunday School 
Society by the Sunday school of the Cen- 
tral Falls Congregational Church, where he 
taught a Bible class for several years. He 
is vice-president of the Rhode Island Con- 
gregational Conference and of the Rhode 
Island Home Missionary Society, and was the 
legal member of the committee of the confer- 
ence which prepared the constitution and 
effected the incorporation of the conference 
in 1912. In the campaign of the Men and 
Religion Forward Movement of 1911-12, he 
was chairman of the committee on auxiliary 
cities and chairman of the committee of the 
whole which carried on the work in the cities 
of Pawtucket and Central Falls, and gave 
much time and thought to the promotion of 

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that cause. He is the president of the Rhode 
Island Anti-Saloon League, and has repre- 
sented that society in several contests before 
the supreme court of the state involving the 
interpretation of statutes relating to the sup- 
pression of intemperance, and has delivered 
numerous addresses before conventions and 
the churches on the work of the league and the 
cause of' temperance. He is a member and 
officer of the National Bar Association, a mem- 
ber of the Rhode Island Bar Association, the 
National Municipal League, the American 
Society for the Judicial Settlement of Inter- 
national Disputes, the Rhode Island Historical 
Society, the Old Colony Historical Society, 
honorary member and trustee of the Old 
Bridgewater Historical Society, member of the 
Rhode Island Chapter of Mayflower Descend- 
ants, president of the National Pilgrim Society 
and president of the Society of the Founders 
of Providence Plantations. He has always 
been a lover of out-of-door sports, and is an 
enthusiastic yachtsman and golfer, being a 
member of the Bristol, Rhode Island, Yacht 
Club, and the Rhode Island Country Qub. 

On August 13, 1873, Mr. Littlefield married 
Arietta V. Redman, daughter of Hon. Erastus 
Redman, of Ellsworth, Maine, who was for 
many years postmaster of that city and col- 
lector of the port. She died at Providence, 
Rhode Island, October 18, 1878, and on De- 
cember I, 1886, he married Mary Wheaton 
Ellis, daughter of Asher Ellis, of Pawtucket, 
Rhode Island. He has two sons : Nathan Whit- 
man Jr., born April 20, 1877, Brown Univer- 
sity, 1899; and Alden Llewellyn, born Decem- 
ber 19, 1889, now a student at Dartmouth Col- 
lege, class of 1914. Mrs. Littlefield is a mem- 
ber of the Daughters of the American Revolu- 
tion, Flintlock and Powderhorn Chapter, of 
Pawtucket, Rhode Island, having joined 
through her ancestor. Deacon Asa Ware, of 
Dedham, Massachusetts. She is a lineal de- 
scendant of Rev. John Ellis, one of the early 
pastors of the ancient Newman Congregational 
Church of East Providence, Rhode Island, for- 
merly Rehoboth, Massachusetts. She is also 
a member of the Pawtucket Congregational 
Church, and takes an active part in the church 
work, being a member of various church soci- 

Robert Austin, the immigrant 
AUSTIN ancestor, is found recorded in 
1661, when his name was on the 
list of sixty-five persons, mostly of Newport, 
Portsmouth and Kingston, who were granted 
lots in the new settlement of Westerly. His 
name was not on the tax list of 1687. Mr. J. 
O. Austin, the Rhode Island genealogist, says 

of him: "Many facts seem to warrant the 
assumption that he was father of Jeremiah, 
Edward, Joseph, and John." He died before 

(II) Jeremiah, son of Robert Austin, was 
of Kingston and Exeter, and was taxed, Sep- 
tember 6, 1687, under Governor Andros' levy. 
About 1720 he and his son Jeremiah had ear 
marks for sheep granted. Although his .namt 
appears in North and South Kingston and 
Exeter, he may have lived in one place, as the 
three towns were divided at different times, 
the record of the old town being in North 
Kingston. His will was dated March 6, 1752, 
and proved in 1754, and in it he called hlmsdf 
"weak in body and well stricken in years." 
He did not mention any real estate, and doubt- 
less gave it to his sons before his death. When 
he died there were seven Austins named Jere- 
miah : Jeremiah, Jeremiah Jr., and Jeremiah 
(3)> Jeremiah, son of Robert (3), Jeremiah, 
son of Pasko (^), Jefemiah, son of Ezekiel 
(3), and Jeremiah, son of Robert (3), and 
there was also a Joseph (2). He married Eliz- 
abeth , who died after 1752. Children: 

Robert, died in 1752; Pasko, died in 1774; 
Jeremiah, died in 1778; David, married Dinath 
; Stephen, died in 1752; Mercy, mar- 
ried Benoni Austin ; Daniel, died in 1737 ; Eze- 
kiel, mentioned below. 

(III) Ezekiel, son of Jeremiah Austin, mar- 
ried ChanH>lin. He lived in North 

Kingston, Rhode Island. According to one 
autlM)rity, he married Elizabeth, daughter of 
John Eidred, and among the children were a 
son Eldridge, and a daughter Mary. Chil- 
dren, bom at North Kingston : Jeremiah, bom 
in 1749; Ezekiel, mentioned below; Stephen, 
William, Elizabeth, Joanna. 

(IV) Ezekiel (2), son of Ezekiel (i) Aus- 
tin, was born in 1757. According to the United 
States census of 1840, he lived at that time 
with his son Ezekiel, in Exeter, and was 
eighty-three years of age. He was then a pen- 
sioner for services in the Revolution, and his 
mime is on the pension roll. May 31, 1833, his 
pension to commence March 4, 1831, his age 
being then seventy-five years* 

(V) Ezekiel (3), son of Ezekiel (2) Aus- 
tin, married and had a son John, mentioned 

(VI) John, son of Ezekiel (3) Austin, was 
born October 17, 1830, at Exeter, Rhode 
Island. His early years were spent on his 
father's farm, and his schooling was received 
in the public schools. When he left home he 
began an apprenticeship under L. B. Darling, 
a refiner of gold and silver, at Providence. In 
1862 he started in business in partnershan with 
Horace F. Carpenter, with a refinery at the 

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comer of Friendship and Dorrance streets. 
Afterward Mr. Austin became the sole pro- 
prietor of the refining business, until 1888, 
when he admitted his son to partnership. He 
was a pioneer in the smelting business which 
was formerly done abroad, and this depart- 
ment of business grew to large proportions. 
His house manufactured blue vitriol and oxide 
of zinc, and dealt in fine gold, silver, copper, 
gold coin, sand and black crucibles, assayed 
gold and silver, and smelted and refined these 
metals. Mr. Austin was indefatigable in his 
devotion to his business, and from a humble 
beginning he lived to see the annual output of 
refined metal reach a total of a million and a 
quarter dollars worth. At the time of his 
death, his firm, John Austin & Son, was the 
leading firm of refiners in this country and 
Mr. Austin was the foremost m*an in his line 
of business. For nearly forty years he was 
known to almost every manufacturing jeweler 
in the land. In addition to his own business, 
he had various other financial interests. He 
was elected president of the High Street Bank 
in 1878, succeeding Aaron B. Curry, and in 
1879 he was elected president of the Citizens 
Savings Bank, which was located in the rooms 
of the High Street Bank, and mainly under the 
same management, and he held both offices as 
long as he lived-. While he was at the 
head of the savings bank, the number of de- 
positors grew from 756 to more than 9,500. 
He was a leader in the development of his 
native town. The old Austin homestead which 
came into the possession of his grandfather 
during the revolution, he greatly improved, 
adding building after building, until he had 
erected no le'vs than twenty-four, including a 
postoffice building, store, schoolhouse and a 
memorial church, all valuable additions to the 
civic center. 

Mr. Austin was an exemplary self-made 
man. Naturally quiet, retiring and sensitive, 
he avoided politics and public life, but he was 
kindly and sympathetic, beloved in his own 
home, and possessed of many friends in all 
parts of the country. He was thoroughly hon- 
orable and upright in business, a conspicuous 
figure for many years in Providence business 
circles, exerting a wide and salutary influence 
in all the walks of life. He was a member of 
Mount Vernon Lodge, No. 4, Free Masons; 
and Providence Chapter, No. i, Royal Arch 
Masons, of Providence. During his later 
years he was a communicant and vestryman of 
All Saints Memorial. Church (Protestant Epis- 
copal). He died at his home on Westminster 
street, Providence, February 19, 1900. 

Mr. Austin married, September 18, 1850, 
Susan Tane Darling, daughter of John and 
Polly (Weeding) Darling, both of Cumber- 

land, Rhode Island. His widow resides in his 
former home on Westminster street. Chil- 
dren: I. Clara M., bom August 9, 1859, now 
deceased. 2. Eugene A., July 16, 1861, now 
deceased. 3. Clarence H., August 5, 1866, 
now deceased. 4. Arthur Ernest, mentioned 
below. 5. Alice W., October 11, 1874, now 

(VH) Arthur Ernest, only surviving child 
of John Austin, was born July 23, 1868, at 
Providence, Rhode Island. He received his 
early education in the public schools of his 
native city, and early in life became associated 
in business with his father. He was admitted 
to partnership by his father in 1888, and since 
then the business has been conducted under the 
firm name of John Austin & Son. Since the 
death of his father in 1900, he has been sole 
proprietor, however. He is also treasurer and 
secretary of the Improved Seamless Wire 
Company, president of the High Street Bank 
and vice-president of the Citizens Savings 

Not only in business, but in public life, Mr. 
Austin has been a leader. In politics he is a 
Republican of wide influence. He was a n^em- 
ber of the Cranston town council from 1896 to 
1905, a period of ten years, during several of 
which he was president. In 1896 he was elect- 
ed second representative from Cranston to the 
general assembly, and in 1897, ^^st representa- 
tive. He was appointed on the comnrittee on 
incorporations. In 1898 he was elected state 
senator, and he served two years, serving on 
the committee on militia and on the judiciary. 
In 1900 he declined reelection on account of 
the requirements of his business. He is a 
member of Mt. Vernon Lodge, No. 4, of Free 
Masons; of Providence Chapter, No. i, Royal 
Arch Masons; of Providence Council, No. i, 
Royal and Select Masters ; of St. John's Com- 
mandery. No. i. Knights Templar ; of Palestine 
Temple, Mystic Shrine ; and he has taken the 
thirty-two degrees of Scottish Rite Masonry. 
He was commodore of the Rhode Island Yacht 
Club in 1892, and he is a member of the New 
York Yacht Club, and of the Squantum Asso- 
ciation and Pomham Club, and of the Sons of 
the American Revolution and other organiza- 
tions. He is a communicant and vestrjrman of 
All Saints Memorial Church ( Protestant Epis- 
copal) and active in charitable and benevolent, 

Mr. Austin married ffirst) October 25. 1888, 
Louisa D. Osgood, of Providence, who died 
April 2, 1894, aged twenty-six years, the 
mother of two children: i. Clarence E., 
bom July 23, 1889. 2. Gertrude W., Septem- 
ber 20. i8qi. He married (second) October 
17' 1895, Mrs. Jessie Anna (Wright) Stone, 
of New York City. 

Digitized by 




William Holton, the immigrant 
HOLTON ancestor, was born in England, 

in 161 1, and came to America 
when a young man, sailing from Ipswich, Eng- 
land, in the ship "Francis," in 1634. After 
living for a time at Cambridge he went with 
the pioneers to Hartford, Connecticut, of which 
he was one of the founders. His name ap- 
pears on the list of founders on the monument 
at Hartford. He returned to England, re- 
mained three years, and upon his coming again 
to Hartford joined the colonists at Northamp- 
ton, Massachusetts, where he was deacon of 
the church in 1663. He was deputy to the gen- 
eral court from Northampton for five years, 
and for Hadley one year. He was a member 
of the committee on the settlement of North- 
field. He died August 12, 1691. His wife 
Mary died November, 1691. Children: John, 
mentioned below ; Samuel, baptized November 
I, 1646; William; Mary, married David Burt; 
Sarah, married John King; Ruth, married 
Joseph Baker and Thomas Lyman; Rachel, 
married Thomas Strong; Thomas, was killed 
by the Indians, March 14, 1676. 

(II) John, son of William Holton, was 
born about 1648, and died at Northampton, 

April 16, 171 2. He married Abigail , 

who survived him and was living in 1718. 
Children, bom at Northampton : Mary, Janu- 
ary 10, 1668 ; Eleazer ; Sarah, October 6, 1673 ; 
Abigail ; Joshua, May 6, 1678 ; William, men- 
tioned below; Thomas, October 23, 1681. 

(III) William (2), son of John Holton, 
was born at Northampton, 1679. He was a 
weaver by trade. In 1718 he moved from 
Northampton to Northfield, where his brothers 
also settled, and he died there November 13, 
1755. He married, December 5, 1706, Abigail 
Edwards. Children, born at Northampton: 
John, mentioned below; William, March 6. 
1709; Samuel, November 30, 1710; Mary, May 
19, 1714; Abigail, August 14, 1720, at North- 

(IV) John (2), son of William (2) Holton, 
was born August 24, 1707, and died October 
25, 1793. He was sergeant in the French and 
Indian war. He married, October 7, 1731, 
Mehitable Alexander, who was for many years 
blind. She died December 28, 1792. Chil- 
dren, born at Northfield: Chloe, January i, 
1733-34: Mehitable, February 24, 1735-36; 
Joel, July 10, 1738; Irena, October 20, 1741 ; 
Anna, October 23, 1744 J John, mentioned be- 
low ; Sibyl, baptized December 30, 1750; Sibyl, 
bom December 5, 1751; Solomon, born April 
8, 1755: Dorothy, April 10, 1763, died 1787; 
Charity (adopted), baptized December 11, 


. (V) John (3), son of John (2) Holton, was 

bom at Northfield, October 22, 1747, and died 

March 22, 1825. He was a lieutenant in the 
Continental army in the revolution. He mar- 
ried, in 1778, Hannah Sheldon, daughter of 
Captain Amasa Sheldon, of Bernardston. She 
married (second) May 23, 1832, Ezekiel Web- 
ster. Children of John and Hannah, born at 
Northfield: Horace, May 18, 1780; Ora, men- 
tioned below; Rufus, October 12, 1783, died 
August 22, 1815; Henry, April 15, 1788; 
Lucius, November 24, 1789; Elias, December 
16, 1790; John, May 22, 1792; Isabella, Octo- 
ber 16, 1794; Electa, July 2, 1798; Betsey, Au- 
gust 22, 1803. 

(VI) Ora, son of John (3) Holton, was 
bom at Northfield, July 14, 1782. He married, 
November 29, 1801, Martha Hardwick. Chil- 
dren: Nelson, born March 6, 1803; Chester, 
June 30, 1805 ; Charles S., July 12, 1807; Eras- 
tus, mentioned below; William H., July 19, 
1812, settled at Bennington; Martha, March 
29, 1815; Hannah, April 23, 1817, died June 
18, 1843; Ora, April 14, 1819, died in Cali- 
fornia, unmarried ; Gratia, May 21, 1821, mar- 
ried Homer Ramsdell; John, December 20, 

(VII) Erastus, son of Ora Holton, was 
born at Northfield, March 19, 1809. He mar- 
ried Julia (Elwell) Moody (see Moody). He 
died at Copake, New York, April 8, 1855. He 
was a farmer and blacksmith. The North- 
field School, founded by Rev. Mr. Moody, the 
Evangelist, is on the farm he owned. Chil- 
dren of Erastus and Julia Holton: i. Augusta 
Elizabeth, bom March 30, 1829; married Pat- 
rick Collins, who came from New Glasgow, 
Quebec, died April i, 1883, ^^ Bennington, a 
blacksmith by trade; she lives in Bennington. 
2. Mary Ann, born September 22, 1831, in 
Northfield, died July 3, 1840, in Bennington. 

(VIII) Lucius Moody, son of Julia (El- 
well) (Moody), and adopted by Erastus Hol- 
ton, was born about 1827-28. He died at 
Bennington, in 1876. He had a common school 
education, and followed the trade of carpenter. 
He settled in Bennington when a young man. 
He was also in business as a florist. He mar- 
ried Cynthia Ann Bump, descendant of an old 
Cape Cod family (formerly spelled Bumpus, 
from a French ancestor, Bompasse). She was 
born June €6, 1830, in Shaftsbury, Vermont, 
died at Pittsfield, Massachusetts, October 31, 
1908. Children, born at Bennington : i. Carrie 
L., March, 1857; married Cornelius C. Cook, 
of Bermington, a broker and insurance agent 
of Bennington ; they reside at Pittsfield ; chil- 
dren: D. Maurice, a broker, Boston; Velma, 
married Carleton G. Garrettson (deceased), 
and she resides in New York; Helen, lives 
with her brother Maurice, in Boston; Ethel 
and Harold. 2. Frederick Duane, born April 
18. 1858, died unmarried, in Bennington, Sep- 

Digitized by 




tember 18, 1890; graduate of United States 
Military Academy, West Point; stationed at 
Fort Lee, Arizona; had charge of the battle- 
field after Custer's Massacre. 3. Lewis Chapin, 
nientioned below. 

(IX) Lewis Qiapin, son of Lucius Moody 
Holton, was bom at 323 School street, Benn- 
ington, Vermont, April 19, 1866. He attended 
the public schools of his native town. He be- 
gan his business career as clerk in a jewelry 
store and in A. K. Ritchie's dry goods store, 
where he worked for six months. In 1880 he 
entered the employ of the Bennington & Rut- 
land Railroad Company, and a year kiter went 
to the Passumpsic railroad, at Newbury, Ver- 
mont. In 1882 he returned to the Bennington 
& Rutland railroad for a short time. He was 
afterward at Hoosick Falls, in the employ of 
the Western Union Telegraph Company for a 
short time, and was th^ appointed agent at 
Hoosick Jurbction for the Troy & Boston rail- 
road. In 1885 he was clerk for Winslow & 
Potter, dealers in hardware for six months. 
After working for his father in the florist busi- 
ness for a time, he returned to the Benning- 
ton & Rutland railroad. He entered partner- 
ship with his father June 8, 1891, and after his 
father's death succeeded to the business. He 
has had a practical monopoly of the florist 
trade of Bennington since then. He bought 
W. G. Richardson's Tecumseh green houses, 
and after twenty-one months discontinued 
them. His place of business is at 321 School 
street He has greenhouses with more than 
six thousand feet of glass, and he also has a 
productive farm. In politics he is a Repub- 
lican. He is a member of the Baptist church. 
He is past chancellor commander of the 
Knights of Pythias of Bennington. 

He married, at Rutland, Vermont, Septem- 
ber 18, 1889, Lillie Josephine Bowen, who was 
born January 10, 1869, in Kalamazoo, Michi- 
gan, died at Bennington, March 2, 1906. Chil- 
dren, born at Bennington: i. Leroy Bowen, 
May 23, 1891 ; married Ada Bahan, of Benn- 
ington, and has Douglas Duane, born February 
24, 1912. 2. Martha Irene. October 17, 1894; 
a designer of house dresses at Bottom & Tor- 
rance's, Bennington. 3. Frederick Lucius, 
January 30. 1898. 4. Kenneth William, July 
15, 1900. 5. Doris Lillian, November 30, 1902. 

(The Moody Line). 

(I) George Moody lived at Moulton. Eng- 
land. His pedigree is preserved in the British 
Museum. Children of George and Lydia: 
George ; John, mentioned below ; Samuel. 

(II) John, son of George Moody, came to 
New England in 1633, settled at Roxbury, was 
deputy in 1634-35, proprietor of Hartford 

1639, townsman 1639-40, lieutenant 1640, dea- 
con. His widow, Elizabeth, died at Hadley. 

(III) Samuel, son of John Moody, born 

1640, died at Hadley, September 22, 1689; 
married Sarah Deming. Children: Sarah, 
John, Hannah, Mary, Samuel and Ebenezer. 

(IV) Samuel (2), son of Samuel (i) 
Moody, bom November 28, 1670, died Novem- 
ber 10, 1744; married, September 5. 1700, 
Sarah Lane. Children : Samuel, John, Nathan 
Jonathan, David, Sarah (died young), and 

(V) Samuel (3), son of Samuel (2) Moody, 
was bom September 10, 1702, at Hadley, died 
December 11, 1765. He settled at Granby. 
He married, October 13, 1729, Mary Hovey, 
who died September 15, 1775. Children: 
Samuel, born July 2, 1730; Gideon, March 24, 
1733 ; Thomas Hovey, August 31, 1736 ; Elisha, 
January 14, 1738; Reuben, January 21, 1740; 
Simeon, July 4, 1743 ; Simeon, mentioned be- 
low ; Enos, April 7, 1753. 

(VI) Simeon, son of Samuel (3) Moody, 
was born October 30, 1747, and died' July 16, 
181 5. His wife Mercy died September 14, 
181 5. The census of 1790 shows that he was 
then of Granby and had two males over six- 
teen, three under that age, and three females 
in his family. The history of Hadley mentions 
Simeon, Lois, Thomas, Ruth, Levi, Mary, Reu- 
ben and Calvin as his children. Jacob and 
Isaiah M. were doubtless among the elder chil- 

(VII) Isaiah M., son of Simeon Moody, 
was bom 1772, came from Hadley with his 
brother Jacob. He was a brick mason in 
Northfield, where he located in 1796. He died 
February 20, 1835. He married, December 15, 
1799, Phila, daughter of Medad Alexander. 
She died November i, 1869. Children: Ed- 
win, born November i. 1800; Isaiah, mention- 
ed below; Lucius A., August 20, 1805: Phila 
A., September 10, 1808; Chloe A., June 15, 
1810; Noah, April 20, 1813; Eunice S., De- 
cember 31. 1816; Mary L., December 22, 1818; 
Medad. April 29, 1821. 

(VIII) Isaiah, son of Isaiah M. Moody, 
was bom August 21, 1803. He graduated 
from Brown University in 1827, and studied 
law in the office of John Nevers ; died June 22, 
1828. He left one child, Lucius, by wife Julia 
(Elwell), who married afterward Erastus Hol- 

For more than two hundred and 
BIRGE fifty years the Birge family has re- 
sided in Hartford and Litchfield 
counties, Connecticut, and during these two 
and a half centuries its members have been 
prominent as farmers, manufacturers and busi; 

Digitized by 




ness men, as well as in public life and- in the 

(I) Richard Birge, the immigrant ancestor, 
was the first of the name to settle on American 
shores. He arrived in Dorchester, Massachu- 
setts. At this time he appears to have been a 
youne man less than twentyK)ne years of age. 
In id^o, with Rev. John Wareham, of whose 
church be was a member, he joined the colony 
which established the first settlement in Wind- 
sor, Connecticut. In the early records his name 
was spelled Burge, Birdge and Birge, and they 
show that he owned a large amount of land as 
early as 1640. In addition to a home lot in 
Windsor, he had sixteen acres "beyond the 
second pine plane" on the west side of the mill 
brook, eight and one-quarter acres on the side 
of "Pine Hill" and many other parcels of land 
on both sides of the river before 1646. His 
son Daniel inherited most of this land. He 
was a farmer, and that he was a devout Puri- 
tan is shown by his connection with Rev. John 
Wareham. His wealth proves that he was a 
prudent and careful man. On October 5, 1641, 
he married Elizabeth, daughter of Hon. Wil- 
liam Gaylord. She married (second) Thomas 
Hoskins, of Windsor. Richard Birge died in* 
165 1. Jeremiah, son of Richard Birge, agreed 
with his step-father, Thomas Hoskins, that he 
would serve him faithfully until he came of 
age, the consideration being that Hoskins con- 
vey to him a certain piece of land, and if Jere- 
miah should die before he came of age his 
brother John should serve the rest of the term. 
Jeremiah died at the age of twenty years, so 
that John finished the term and received the 
land. Children of Richard and Elizabeth (Gay- 
lord) Birge: i. John, born in 1642, died in 

1643. 2- Daniel, see forward. 3. Elizabeth, 
bom July 28, 1646, died in infancy. 4. Jere- 
miah, bom May 6, 1648. 5^ John, born Janu- 
ary 14, 1649. 6. Joseph, bom November 2, 
165 1, died July 18, 1705. 

(II) Daniel, son of Richard and Elizabeth 
(Gaylord) Birge, was born November 24, 

1644, died January 26, 1697-98. He married, 
November 5, 1668, Deborah Holcomb, and had 
children: i. Elizabeth, born April 15, 1670, 
died young. 2. Deborah, born November 26. 
T671. 3. Elizabeth, born February 3, 1674. 4. 
Mary, born December 25, 1677, died prior to 
1697. 5- Daniel, see forward. 6. Abigail, born 
in 1684. 7. John, bom September 19, 1689. 

8. Cornelius, bom July 30, 1694, died June 23, 
1763; married, February 8, 1721, Sarah 
Loomis, bom in 1694, died October 2, 1776. 

9. Esther, bom in 1697. 

(III) Daniel (2), son of Daniel (i) and 
Deborah (Holcomb) Birge, was born Septem- 
ber 6, 1680, died October 26, 1737- He mar- 
ried, in March, 1721, Rebecca Tarbox, who 

died prior to 1739. They had children: i. Re- 
becca, born December 10, 1722, died young. 
2. Daniel, born December 13, 1723; married, 
October, 1743, Elizabeth Knox. 3. Rebecca, 
born November 14, 1725 ; married Bur- 
roughs. 4. Coziah, bom February 16, 1729. 

5. Deborah, born April 29, 1732; married 

Holdridge. 6. Lydia, bom July 2, 1734; mar- 
ried Root. 7. Jonathan, see forward. 

(IV) Jonathan, son of Daniel (2) and Re- 
becca (Tarbox) Birge, was bom August 14, 
1736. He married, February 23, 1757, Rachel 
Strong. Children: i. Ezekiel, see forward. 

2. Hozea, bom September 12, 1760, died Au- 
gust 16, 1843. 3- Olive, born February 22, 
1762. 4. Content, bom March 23, 1764. 5. 
Elijah, born May 14, 1765. 6. Rachel, born 
July 24, 1767. 7. Deborah, born June 18, 1769. 
8. Anne, born Febmary 10, 1771 ; married 

Olcott. 9. Mary, born September 13, 

1773; married Joel Swetland. 10. Jonathan, 
bom October 3, 1775, died March 11, 1776. 
II. Roswell, born April 8, 1777, died in 1812; 
married, in 1800, Sarah White, who married 
(second) in 181 7, Zenas Loomis, and died 
January 25, 1834. 

(V) Ezekiel, son of Jonathan and Rachel 
(Strong) Birge, was born August 11, 1758, 
died September 19, 1807. He married, Octo- 
ber 17, 1777, Jemsha Gott Children : i. Char- 
ity, born in 1780; married E. Merchant. 2. 
Lydia, born 1781 ; married Seth Carrier. 3. 
Elihu, bom 1783, died 1812; married Hannah 
Philps. 4. Elijah, born September i, 1785; 
married Elizabeth Bumham. 5. Veshta, born 
in 1789; married Ephraim Root. 6. Jerusha, 

bom 1789 ; married Drew. 7. William, 

see forward. 8. Augustus, born August 13, 
1793, ^'^^ August I, 1843; married, October 
22, 1816, Olida Jones. Q. Anna, born May 13 
or 18, 1795; married George Maynard. 10. 
Mary, bom August 25, 1797; married, 1822, 
Richard Bixby. 11. Sally, bom 1799; married 
Pirah Baher. 12. John, born July 4, 1801 ; 
married Mary Deuel. 

(VI) William, son of Ezekiel and Jerusha 
(Gott) Birge, was bom May 2, 1791. He mar- 
ried Minerva Fox, born August 14, 1796. Chil- 
dren: I. William, see forward. 2. Leander, 
born December 14, 1814, died May 22, 1853; 
married, in February, 1843, Frances Ostrander. 

3. Henry, born October 24, 181 5 ; married, De- 
cember if^, 1838, Sarah Staples, born July 5, 
1819. died April 4, 1896. 4. Dana, born April 
II. 1 81 8, died January 17, 1894; married. May 
18, 1837, Mary A. Stevens. 5. Electa, bom 
April 9, 1820, died Mav 13, 1903; married, 
July 4, 1839, William Chamberlin, born Sep- 
tember 19, 1810, died May 15, 1903. 6. Esther, 
born March 26, 1822; married Gilbert Hoff- 
man. 7. Frank, bom April 24, 1824 ; married 

Digitized by 




Mary Barron. 8. George, died July 28, 1847. 

9. John, bom February 21, 1829, died January 
4, 1884; married Pbilfena B. Horton. 10. 
Sairah, born September 20, 1837; married, June 
24, 1857, George Macey, born October 15, 


(VII) William (2), son of William (i) 
and Minerva (Fox) Birge, was born at Canaan, 
Connecticut, died at White Water, Wisconsin, 
May 22, i860. He was educated in the com«- 
mon schools, and followed farming for a voca- 
tion. He was also a merchant. He was one of 
the first settlers in what is now the city of 
White Water. He served in the, Connecticut 
state militia when a youn^ man. He married 
Mary Lavina Noble, born m Canaan, Connecti- 
cut, in 1819, daughter of Jeremiah Noble. She 

• left Albany for Rochester, New York, on the 
first canal boat on the Erie canal with her 
father's family. Children of William and 
Mary Lavina (Noble) Birge: i. Julius Charles, 
see forward. 2. Henry, bom June 16, 1843, 
died October 7, 1846. 3. Frederick, bom April 

10, 1845, died September 25, 1846. 4. Har- 
riet A., born June 19, 1847 J married, Septem- 
ber 15, 1881, Augustus W. Hoyt. 5. Ada 
Minerva, born September 23, 1849, died Janu- 
ary 1:3, 1864. 6. Ella, bom October 6, 1852; 
married, March 6, 1873, George W. Currier, 
bom August 8, 1850. 7. Emma, born Sep- 
tember 8, 1855, died September 22, 1856. 

(VIII) Julius Charles, son of William (2) 
and Mary Lavina (Noble) Birge, was born at 
White Water, Wisconsin, November 18, 1839. 
He attended the public schools of his native 
town and the White Water Academy and 
entered Beloit College in Wisconsin. After 
leaving school he started upon his business 
career as clerk in a general store at White 
Water. He was in the flouring mill business 
until 1866, when he went west and made his 
home for a time in Salt Lake City, Utah. In 
April, 1867, he came to St. Louis, Missouri, 
establishing himself in business as a dealer in 
agricultural implements and machinery and 
continued in this business successfuly for many 
years. He was at the same time vice-president 
of the Winchester & Partridge Manufactur- 
ing Company of White Water, Wisconsin, and 
president of the Seymour Manufacturing Com- 
pany, of which he has been president for more 
than thirty-five years. He is president of the 
St. Louis Shovel Company, now the Ames 
Shovel & Tool Company; tmstee of the 
Marion-Sims Medical College from its founda- 
tion ; member and trustee of the Pilgrim Con- 
gregational Church of St. Louis. He is a 
member and former president of the American 
Hardware Manufacturers* Association; memr 
ber and former president of the Congregational 
Club of St. Louis ; member and former presi- 

dent of the New England Society of St. Louis. 
He was made a Mason in St. John's Lod^e, 
Ancient Free and Accepted Masons at White 
Water, in 1862. He is also a member of the 
Chapter, Royal Arch Masons ; and of the Com- 
mandery. Knights Templar; member of the 
Merchants' Club ; the Mercantile Club, and the 
St. Louis Club of St. Louis. 

He married, December 4, 1873, Mary Jane 
Patrick, bom at St. Louis, August 8, 1850, 
daughter of James and Arabella (Blackmore) 
Patrick, of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Her 
Grandfather Blackmore was at one time mayor 
of Pittsburgh. Children': i. James Patrick, 
bom at St. Louis, January 2, 1875, died in 

1902. 2. Emest Noble, born in St. Louis, 
February 4, 1876; engaged with his father in 
the management of the Ames Shovel & Tool 
Company ; married, July 3, 1900, Mary Nipher, 
daughter of Professor Francis E. Nipher, Pro- 
fessor of Physics at Washington University, 
St. Louis ; children : Francis Julius, bora at St. 
Louis, July 12^ 1902; Robert Nipher, bom at 
St. Louis, November 22, 1903, Ernest Noble, 
born at St. Louis, January 10, 1906; Oliver 
Aikins, born at St. Louis, Au|^st 16, 1907; 
Mary Matilda, born at St. Louis, Octcfcer 16, 
1908. 3. Walter William, bom at St. Louis, 
September 7, 1877 ; has been continuously with 
the Ames Shovel & Tool Company, of which 
he is the assistaiit manager; he is ako vice- 
president and general manager of the Warren- 
ite Company and vice-president of the Sey- 
mour Manufacturing Company. In politics he 
is a Republican and he was nominated on the 
Republican ticket for the common council when 
he was too young to hold the office legally; 
member of the Civic Improvement League of 
St. Louis ; director of the Society for the Pre- 
vention of Tuberculosis; director of the 
Youi^ Men's Christian Association ; a Congre- 
gationalist in religion ; married, September 28, 

1903, Mabelle Brown and- has three children : 
Mabelle Clair, bom April 21, 1906, Julius and 
Grace. 4. Arthur Blackmore, born in St. 
Louis, August 4, 1879; married, October 30, 
1905, Edna Riddle and has two children : Bar- 
bara Riddle, bom at St. Louis, August 12, 
1907; Fredarika, born at St. Louis, August 21, 
1909; Mary Edna, born January 20, 1913. 5- 
Ada Arabella, bom at St. Louis, November 
24, 1883; married Courtland F. Carrier Jr., 
January 3, 1907 ; has two children : Mary Jane 
and Katherine Carrier. 6. Julius Stanley; bora 
at St. Louis, May 2, 1887 ; graduated with high 
horK)rs from Amherst College, took a post- 
graduate course at Colorado College and is 
now an instructor in agriculture in Wisconsin 
University at Madison, Wisconsin. Tw6 other 
children, Frank Winchester, died in 1888, aged 
six years, and Harriet, who died in infancy. 

Digitized by 


Digitized by 


L'm^*4 >':6f I nrvfidil IWl 

^'fs^mik *?■ Jf£' 


Digitized by 




Hon. Christopher Marble Lee, late 
LEE associate justice of the superior court 

of Rhode Island, and one of the park 
commissioners of the city of Providence, was 
a native of Rhode Island, having been bom at 
Newport, October 18, 1854, son of the late 
Thomas J. and Mary (Lewis) Lee. On his 
paternal side Judge Lee's ancestor was of Eng- 
lish origin, and through the marriage of his 
ancestors on this side he was descended from 
several of New England's old historic families ; 
while on his maternal side, his mother, Mary 
Lewis, was of Scotch descent, she having been 
born in Scotland and brought to this country 
by her parents when in her tenth year. The 
Lee family ancestry which follows is given in 
chronological order. 

(I) Samuel Lee, a Quaker, was living in 
London, England, in 17 16. 

(II) Samuel Lee Jr., eldest son of Samuel 
(i) Lee, came to America prior to 17 16 and 
settled at Swansea, Massachusetts, where Lee's 
river was named for him. He was also a 
Quaker, and was a shipwright by trade. 

(III) William, son of Samuel (2) Lee, 
married, in 1760, Mary, daughter of Nicholas 
Easton, and a direct descendant of Nicholas 
Easton, who was one of the founders of New- 
port, and one of the most prominent public 
men of the town and colony. 

(IV) James, son of William Lee. 

(V) Samuel (3), son of James Lee, mar- 
ried Sarah Jouvet, who was of French extrac- 
tion, and' to this union were born the follow- 
ing children: Samuel Jr., who was a seafaring 
man. and died in Newport ; William, who left 
Newport in early life, and was never heard of 
again ; Henry, a sea captain, drowned in New- 
port harbor; Thomas J., who is mentioned be- 
low ; Susan, who married Norris Lawton, and 
died at Natick, Rhode Island ; Sarah, married 
(first) William Weeden, (second) Erastus 
Williams, and died at Lebanon, Connecticut; 
and Peter J., who followed the fishing industry 
at Newport, where he died. 

(VI) Thimias J., son of Samuel (3) Lee, 
was bom at Newpcwt, Rhode Island, February 
22, 1819, and died there September 4. 1884. 
He was a sea- faring man, and in early life was 
captain of a whaling vessel. He married Mary 
Lewis, and to this union was born three chil- 
dren, namely: Mary, Thomas J. Jr., both of 
whom died during childhood, and Christopher 
Marble Lee, the subject proper of this review. 

(VII) Christopher Marble Lee, son of the 
late Thomas J. and Mary (Lewis) Lee, was 
born October 18, 1854, at Newport, Rhode 
Island. His primary education was acquired 
in the public schools of his native city, grad- 
uating from the Newport high school in 1873, 

when Hon. Nathan W. Littlefield was prin- 
cipal of that school. In the fall of that same 
year he entered Brown University, and was 
graduated therefrom in 1877, ^i^h the degree 
of A. B. When a boy he was one of the best 
athletes of his native city, and made a name 
for himself in this line of work while at the 
Rogers high school, and carried it with him 
when he went to Brown University. Baseball 
was a favorite game with him, and when he 
went to college he was given a place on the 
Varsity team in his freshman year, and he held 
the position of short stop all the time that he 
was at Brown. His great work in that posi- 
. tion helped Brown one year to have a ball 
team that was the equal of the professional 
teams of those days, and in fact quite a num- 
ber of the professional teams that year went 
down in* defeat before the Brown men. He 
was also an oarsman of ability, and was cap- 
tain of one of the few crews that Brown ever 
had, receiving a loving cup from that univer- 
sity for having won laurels in boat races in 


Before entering college, Mr. Lee had de- 
cided upon the law as a profession, and imme- 
diately after his graduation from Brown Uni- 
versity he took up the study of law in the office 
of the late Hon. Francis B^ Peckham, who 
was at that time city solicitor of Newport, and 
one of the able lawyers of the state. In Sep- 
tember, 1879, he was admitted to the bar of the 
supreme court of Rhode Island, and at once 
opened an office in Newport, where he con- 
tinued successfully engaged in the practice of 
his profession for a period of six years. Being 
of an ambitious nature and desirous of broad- 
ening his sphere of activities in the line of his 
chosen profession, in 1885 he removed to Provi- 
dence, where he opened an office for the prac- 
tice of law, and continued to make that city 
has home until his death. On November 6, 
1896, he was admitted to the bar of the United 
States Circuit Court. He was always an en- 
thusiastic and untiring worker for the success 
of the Republican party, and for two years, 
in 1904 and igps, he served as a member of 
the common council of Providence, represent- 
ing the Seventh Ward. In May, 1905, he was 
elected) by the general assembly clerk of the 
district court of the sixth judicial district of 
Rhode Island, and in April of the next year, 
when the office of associate justice of this 
court was created, he was elevated to that 
office, and occupied the bench with great credit 
to himself and to the dignity of the court. We 
voice the unanimous opinion of the entire bar 
of Providence in saying that he was one of the 
most able judges to occupy the bench of the 
district court since its organization. On March 

Digitized by 




3, 1909, upon the resignation of Judge Charles 
C. Mumford, he was nominated associate jus- 
tice of the superior court, and elected in that 
position by an unanimous vote. At that time 
the following tribute was paid him by a public- 
spirited citizen : 

Judge Lee is a man worthy of the high office of 
Justice of the Superior Court. He was born in 
Rhode Island, obtained his education in Rhode 
Island, and is a Rhode Islander in every sense of 
the word. He will add strength and dignity to the 
Superior Court. His depth of legal acquirements 
has been obtained by many years of extensive 
private practice before the state and federal courts; 
he is well-known and highly respected by the bench 
and bar and people of the city and state. His 
elevation to the bench of the Superior Court is a 
lyell merited reward for the legal attainment, abil- 
ity and faithful performance of duty; while honored 
by the position, he also honors the position by his 
knowledge of the law, grace of diction, and im- 
partial administration of justice. The dignity of the 
court is upheld, at the same time an atmosphere of 
geniality surrounds him, taking the severity from 
all his decisions, and making him the friend of all 
who come before him. 

In July, 1908, Judge Lee was elected by the 
city council at Providence a member of the 
park commission for the city of Providence, 
and he continued a valued member of that 
commission until his d^ath. 

Although a man of strong social instinct, 
Judge Lee had never taken an active part in 
fraternal societies, other than during his col- 
lege days when he was a member of the Delta 
Kappa Epsilon fraternity. He was, however, 
a valued member of various social clubs, hav- 
ing been a member of the West Side Club, 
which organization he served as president for 
three years; a member of and president of the 
Providence Camera Club for a number of 
years ; a member of the University Club ; and 
a member of the Bar Association of Rhode 
Island. He attended the Beneficent Congre- 
gational Church, and was president of the 
Men's Club of that church. 

On June i, 1881, Judge Lee was united in 
marriage to Miss Laura Chandler Gardiner, 
daughter of the late Aldridge B. and Agnes D. 
(Jackson) Gardiner, of Providence. Judge 
and Mrs. Lee had no children to survive in- 

As a practitioner. Judge Lee was always fair 
and honest in his opinions and convictions, and 
smooth was the criminal who could deceive 
him. He had the reputation of being strict 
and uncompromising, but at the same time he 
was always ready to extend clemency when he 
thought it was deserved. He was a modest, 
unassuming, kind-hearted man, popular with 
everybody with whom he came in contact, but 
nevertheless never forgetful of the important 
judicial positions he occupied or of the respon- 

sibilities imposed upon him when he went upon 
the bench. There was no lack of dignity in 
him, although he was a man who was not over- 
powered by his position. His sympathies were 
wide and his interests extended beyond his 
professional environments into everyday 
affairs. It was his broad understanding of the 
ways and motives of his fellowmen that made 
him such an excellent judge of facts. In admin- 
istering the law he sought always to do justice ; 
he was impatient of legal technicalities ; he was 
always courteous to court officers, jury and 
counsel, and presided with a masterly dignity. 
In all his work he had shown great industry, 
a quick grasp of the facts of the case, a deter- 
mination to see substantial justice done, and a 
readiness to dispense with mere technicalities 
in the interests of justice. While he was in 
his court room the strict disciplinarian and 
never forgot to maintain the proper dignity of 
his office, yet in informal social life he never 
let the conventionalities of his position estrange 
him from his friends. He never lost sight of 
the fact that although he was a judge he was 
still a man, and whether in his home where' his 
domestic life was an ideal one, or in private 
life, he was one of the most courteous of men, 
while his genial disposition and his friendly 
smile were seemingly ever present, a character- 
istic which was most refreshing. Judges and 
attorneys liked and respected him, and the 
genuine regret that his death caused was well 
exemplified by the many expressions of sor- 
row expressed at the time by members of the 
bench and bar. 

Judge Lee passed away very suddenly at his 
home, No. 260 Elmwood avenue, Providence, 
Rhode Island, on the evening of May 20, 1912, 
in the fifty-seventh year of his age, his death 
being caused by neuralgia of the heart, and in 
his death the State lost a faithful public ser- 
vant, the members of the bar a true friend, .and 
the bench an honored justice. At the time of 
his death the Providence Journal, editorially, 

The suddenness of the death last evening of 
Associate Justice Christopher M. Lee, of the Su- 
preme Court, must greatly shock the bar and that 
part of the public that has known him. Although 
his service on the State bench of the Superior 
Court covered but three years, it sufficed to give 
Judge Lee a high place in the respect of asso- 
ciates of the bench and bar. The fact that when 
oflF the bench he was companionable and demo- 
cratic did not lessen his dignity in court. But to 
the kindliness and breadth of view that contributed 
to those personal qualities were due his courtesy 
and fairness to all who came before him in his 
official capacity, whether as parties to litigation, 
attorneys, witnesses or jurors. His rulings were 
prompt: — a fact that gratified attorneys — and sel- 
dom reversed. The general verdict will be that he 
performed his judicial duties with the success that 

Digitized by 




comes from a high degree of conscientiousness 
and discerning good sense. 

The Providence News, editorially, said : 

By the death of Justice Christopher M. Lee, of 
the Superior Court, the State loses an able, genial, 
industrious and worthy public servant, and the 
bench one of its most popular justices.- His death, 
after a very brief illness, calls seriously to the 
attention of all the uncertainty of human life. 
Judge Lee was a man with many lovable traits of 
character. If at times upon the bench he appeared 
brusque, a casual acquaintance with him enabled 
one to see how democratic was his character and 
how well he understood the fine art of good fellow- 
ship. He will be sincerely mourned by a large 
circle of friends, but by none will his loss be more 
keenly felt than by those members of the local press 
who have reported the proceedings at the county 
court house. He was a man who simply seemed to 
consider it a privilege to give from a richly stored 
mind the information sought, and his death is 
indeed a severe shock. Judge Lee took a great 
interest in the large, worth-while things, and he 
understood and appreciated men and the world in 
which they lived, taking a great pleasure in the 
glories of the outdoor world, as well as in his 
books. Those who had the good fortune of meet- 
ing him day by day will long recall his happy and 
buoyant nature. It is indeed a thing to be regretted 
that one who so thoroughly enjoyed the beauty of 
sprin£[ and summer should have been called away 
so quickly. 

The surname Cole is derived from 
COLE an ancient i>ersonal name of un- 
known antiquity. Coel, as the name 
was formerly spelled, was the founder of Col-- 
chester, England, and was one of the early 
kings of Britain. Justice Cole lived in the days 
of King Arthur. Another Cole defeated 
Swayne, the Danish chieftain, at Pinhoe, in the 
year looi. William Cole and wife Isabella are 
mentioned in the Assize Roll of county Corn^ 
well in the year 1201, showing that Ccrfe was 
at that time in use as a surname. Various 
branches of the English Cole family bear coats- 
of-arms, all indicating relationship by the 
similarity of the device. The Hertfordshire 
branch, to which the American family is be- 
lieved to belong, bears : Party per pale or and 
argent a bull passant within a bordure sable 
on a chief of the third three bezants. Crest : 
A demi-dragon vert bearing in his dexter paw 
a javelin armed or, feathered- argent. 

(I) James Cole, the immigrant ancestor, 
was living in Highgate, a suburb of London, 
England, in 1616. According to tradition he 
was very fond of flowers. He married', in 
1624, Mary Lobel, daughter of the noted 
botanist and physician, Mathieu Lobel, who 
was born in 1538, at Lille, France, son of Jean 
de Lobel, a distinguished lawyer. Dr. Mathieu 
was a physician at Montpelier, Germany, Italy 
and Switzerland. He practiced medicine at 
Antwerp and was physician to William of 

Orange, at London, where he was physician to 
James I. ; he was author of books on medicinal 
plants. The plant lobelia is named for him. 
He died at Highgate, March 2, 1616. 

In 1632, James Cole, wife and two children, 
came to Saco, Maine, and in the following year 
located at Plymouth, Massachusetts, where he 
was admitted a freeman in the same year. He 
was a mariner. In 1634 his name appears on 
the tax list and he received a grant of land. 
His house was on the site of the present Bap- 
tist church. He was the first settler on what is 
still known as Cole's Hill, where the first bury- 
ing ground of the Pilgrims is located. He had 
various other grants of land. He was sur- 
veyor of highways in 1641-42, 1651-52; con- 
stable in 1641-44; and served in the Pequot 
war. Soon after his arrival at Plymouth he 
opened the first inn, which was kept by him- 
self and son James until 1698. This was prob- 
ably the first public house in New England. 
Children: James, mentioned below; Hugh, 
born in London, 1627; John, November 21, 
1637; Mary, 1639, married (first) John Almy, 
(second) John Pococke. 

(II) Jam«s (2), son of James (i) Cole, 
was born in London, England, 1625-26, and 
came with his father to Plymouth in 1633 ; re- 
moved to Scituate, Massachusetts, and thence 
to York, Maine, and probably to Kennebunk, 
Maine, where he was but a short time. He 
was admitted a freeman of Plymouth in 1654. 
In 1656 he was surveyor of highways, also in 
1678 and 1685 : deputy to the general court in 
1690. In 1668 he bought of his father the 
public house, which he kept for many years. 
Judge Sewell in his diary says the house was 
built by Governor Winslow, and was the old- 
est in Plymouth in 1698. He died at Plymouth 
in 1 7 12. He married (first) December 23, 
1653, Mary Tilsom; (second) Abigail Daven- 
port. Children: Mary, born December 16, 
1654; John, March 16, 1660; Nathaniel, men- 
tioned below; Ephraim; Elizabeth, married 
Elkanah Cushman; Martha, married Nathan 
Howland; Joanna, married Thomas Howland; 
Hannah, married Elisha Bradford. 

(III) Nathaniel, son of James (2) Cole, re- 
moved from York, Maine, to Duxbury, Massa- 
chusetts, where he had a grant of 26 acres on 
the east side of the Swansea river, in 1679. 
Children: Rebecca, bom September 21, 1680; 
Mary, November 11, 1682; Nathaniel, October 
II, 1685; Ephraim, mentioned below. 

(IV) Ephraim, son of Nathaniel Cole, was 
born January 14, 1688, at Duxbury. He mar- 
ried, March 2, 1724, Susannah, daughter of 
Samuel and Tryphena (Partridge) West. In 
1753 he removed to Yarmouth, Maine. Chil- 
dren, born at Duxbury: Job, March 20, 1725; 
Noah, March 26, 1727; Rebecca, November 

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28, 1729; Ebenezer, mentioned below; Ruth, 
May 8, 1735; Eunice, February 12, 1740. 

(V) Ebenezer, son of Epbraim Cole, was 
born at Duxbury, October 28, 1732. He mar- 
ried, in 1756, Elizabeth, daughter of Captain 
Timothy and Abigail (Munroe) Wheeler. He 
removed to Plainfield, New Hampshire. In 
1790 the census shows that he and his sons 
Daniel, Ebenezer and Stephen were heads of 
family there. In 1785 the State Papers show 
that Benjamin, Daniel, Ebenezer and John 
were adults signing an important petition of 
inhabitants of Plainfield. In 1780 most of the 
signers were under age. Daniel Cole signed 
tl^ petition for a poll parish in 1788. Chil- 
dren: I. Daniel, bom September, 1758; a 
farmer of Plainfield, tanner, currier, shoe- 
maker, soldier in the revolution, taking part in 
thirteen engagements, a pensioner ; came up the 
river on a sled; lived to the age of ninety 
years; married Edith Wilbur, and had chil- 
dren: Dr. Stephen, bom 1787; Wheeler, who 
went to Ohio; Elnos, of Bennington, Vermont; 
John, of Lowell, Massachusetts; Daniel, mar- 
ried Patty Johnson and Lucinda Bryant, and 
remained in Plainfield'; Hannah, married Jo- 
seph Spaulding. 2. Ebenezer Jr., was living 
in Plainfield, 1790. 3. Benjamin, was of Rain- 
field in 1785. 4. Stephen, mentioned below. 
Probably other children. 

(VI) Stephen, son of Ebenezer Cole, was 
born about 1760. He was married about 1790. 
In that year the census calls him head of a 
family, but gives no wife nor children. He 
settled in Bartlett, New Hampshire, near 
Plainfield, and died there about 1810. They 
had a son John, mentioned below. 

(VII) John, son of Stephen Cole, was born 
at Bartlett, New Hampshire, about 1795. He 
married, September 12, 1820, Mary Ann Bar- 
ney, of Swanton, Vermont (see Barney). She 
was a daughter of Lemuel and Anna (Hin- 
man) Barney, of Swanton. Lemuel had' a 
forge and made iron from ore brought from 
Port Henry, New York, was a soldier in the 
war of 1812, and died at the age of eighty- 
four. His wife lived to the same great age. 
John Cole died in EUenburg, in 1862. He was 
a farmer at Swanton, afterward at EUenburg, 
New York. His wife died in 1885-86. Chil- 
dren, bora in Swanton: i. Sarah Maryette, 
married Leonard Heflon (deceased), who was 
a tinsmith in Newtonville, Massachusetts, bom 
at Highgate, Vermont ; she is living in Burling- 
ton, Vermont. 2. Rufus Lemuel, mentioned 
below. 3. John, died in EUenburg; married' 
Amaretta Ormsbee (deceased) ; resided on a 
farm in EUenburg. 4. James Guy, died in 
Denver, Colorado; married a sister of Amar- 
etta Ormsbee; he was. a miner; his widow re- 

sides in Rochester, Vermont. 5. Priscilla E^en, 
married Oren Pearl, of Concord, New Hamp- 
shire, a machinist in that city. 6. George Mott, 

married Annie , and lived at Quachy, 

Vermont, a retired farmer. Maria Louisa, 
Alice Permelia, Charles Hinman, Orland Ed- 
ward were the other children, several of whom 
died in infancy. 

(Vni) Rufus Lemuel, son of John Cole, 
was born at Swanton, Vermont, June, 1839. 
He had a common school education. Before his 
marriage he removed to EUenburg, New York, 
where he has followed farming since. He en- 
listed in 1862 from EUenburg and served two 
years in the civil war. He married Matilda 
M. Hall, of EUenburg, bom in Chazy, New 
York, 1844, died- at EUenburg, July 4, 1882, 
daughter of Ira and Sarah Hall. Her father 
was a farmer and Wesleyan Methodist min- 
ister. Children of Ira HaU: i. Cynthia, riiar- 

ried Pike; lived at Isle La Motte, a 

farmer. 2. Gardner Hall, a farmer, died in 

Ohio ; married Lucinda . 3. Laura Ann, 

died at Isle La Mott; married Hill, a 

carpenter. 4. Elihu Hall, died at EUenburg, a 

farmer; married — Stratton, of Chazy. 

5. , married Hiram Aldridge, of Chazy. 

6. Matilda M., mentioned above. 7: Sarah 
Jane Hall, married Silas Hammond, of Ellen- 
burg, afterward a commission merchant in 
Worcester, Massachusetts. 8. Cyrus Hall, a 
jeweler of EUenburg. Children of Rufus 
Lemuel Cole : i. Mary, born April 2, 1863, ^^^ 
at EUenburg, New York, in 1883, unmarried. 
2. Sarah, AprU 2, 1862, died in EUenburg, 
1880, unmarried. 3. Judson Henry, mentioned 
below. 4. Hattie, April 16, 1867 ; married- Paul 
Everett, of Brookl)m, New York, a fruit mer- 
chant in Hartford, Connecticut. 5. Berton, 
July 16, 1875; a locomotive engineer of the 
Boston & Maine railroad, living at LoweU, 
Massachusetts; married Marian Hartford, of 
West ford, Massachusetts. 6. NeUie, 1881 ; 
married John Lookingiand, of Highgate, Ver- 
mont, a merchant, who died in 1909; married 
(second) M. Brown, of St. Albans, Vermont, 
Uving in MechanicsviUe, Vermont. 

(IX) Dr. Judson Henry Cole, son of 
Rufus Lemuel Cole, was bom at EUenburg, 
Clinton county. New York, July 16, 1865. He 
attended the public schools of his native town 
and the Baltimore Medical CoUege, from which 
he was graduated with the degree of Doctor 
of Medicine in 1898. He also took a post- 
graduate course in the New York Post-Grad- 
uate College in 1907, and at the Chicago Eye, 
Ear, Throat and Nose CoU^e in 1910. He 
was a member of the Phi Chi fraternity at 
Baltimore. He practiced medicine for five 
years at Wardsboro, Vermont ; for a year and 

Digitized by 




a half at Brancion, Vermont; and since 1905 
at Bennington, where he enjoys a large prac- 
tice. In politics he is a Democrat. He is a 
member of the Reedsboro Lodge of Odd Fel- 
lows, No. 3; Mansur Encampment, of Benit>- 
ington; and Canton of Patriarchs Militant of 
that town. He is also a member of the Knights 
of Pythias and of the Order of the Golden 
Cross, Catamount Commandery, Bennington. 
He attends the Methodist church, in which he 
was baptized at Ellenburg. 

He married. May 25, 1903, at Wardsboro, 
Alice K Morse, born at Wardsboro, daughter 
of Abial and Julia E. (Ramsdell) Morse, of 
Wardsboro. Her father was a farmer. She 
is a member of the Congr^ational church, of 
the Rebekah Lodge of Odd Fellows, and of the 
Golden Cross. They have no children. 

The surname Cummings, 
CUMMINGS Cimimins, Comins, as vari- 
ously spelled by different 
branches of the family, is of common occur- 
rence in Great Britain. The name appears 
early in France under the spelling Comyne. 
On this side of the Atlantic there are several 
families between whom no relationship is 
known to exist. Perhaps the most nimierous 
family is that descended from Isaac Cum- 
mings, of Ipswich and Topsfield, Massachu- 
setts. In 1903 he had according to a careful 
estimate more than ten' thousand descendants. 
Doubtless many of the families are of Scotch 
ancestry. Tradition has it that many are de- 
scended from the famous Red Comin, of Bad- 
enoch, of the southeastern part of Inverness- 
shire, Scotland. Whether the Irish family is 
distinct from the Scotch and English is not 
known, though the Cummings from the North 
of Ireland are doubtless Scotch. The name 
David is common among the descendants of 
Isaac, of Topsfield. While the family men- 
tioned below is not connected by the gene- 
alogists, it is not unlikely that the Canadian 
family could be traced to Isaac. David Cum- 
mings, son of David Cummings (IV) (Isaac 
(III), Isaac (II), Isaac (I)), was born at 
Topsfield, March 26, 1729. His son David, 
bom about 1760, was living in 1799, according 
to his fathers will, but nothing further is 
known of him. He may have settled in Can- 
ada. Various other descendants, it should be 
said, have disappeared from the American 
records and have not been traced. 

(I) Hezekiah Cummings was born in Can- 
ada, about 1820. He was a cattle buyer and 
drover, and was well known among the farm- 
ers of Vermont and other New England states. 
He died in Massachusetts. He married Maria 
H. Burr, of Thetford, Vermont, born in 1807 


(?), and died in 1893. Children: i. Harriet, 
bom 1846, died in Tilton, New Hampshire; 
married William Wright, who is now living 
in Laconia, New Hampshire. 2. Albert Ed- 
ward, mentioned below. 3. Ella, born i85'2; 
resides in Boston, Massachusetts; married 
Charles Hart, a wholesale druggist, who was 
born in New York City, and was in business 
in Boston. 4, George, born 1854, resides in 
Montreal, Canada, a hotel proprietor. 5. Milo, 
born 1856; died at Ashbumham Center; re- 
sided for a time in Boston ; was a musician ; 
married Hannah Morse, of Hubbardston, Mas- 
sachusetts ; his widow is living in Boston. 

(II) Albert EdAvard, son of Hezekiah Cum- 
mings, was bom at Barnet, Vermont, October 
X5> 1849, and died at Austin, Rhode Island', 
E)ecember 13, 1908. He had a common school 
education. He was in business as a general 
contractor and stonemason at Austin and But- 
tonwoods, Rhode Island, and at Saybrook, 
Connecticut. He was a member of the Pat- 
rons of Husbandiry, and a communicant of the 
Methodist Episcopal church. He married 
Emma J. Willoughby, who was born at Thet- 
ford Center, Vermont, August 8, 1852, daugh- 
ter of Lorenzo G. and Mary Ruth (Sargent) 
Willoughby. Her father was a native of Ply- 
mouth, New Hampshire; her mother of Hill, 
New Hampshire. Her father was a wheel*- 
wrigbt and carpenter at Thetford Center. Mrs. 
Cummings resides at Bennington, and is at 
member of the Methodist church of that town. 
Children: i. Hattie May, died in infancy. 2. 
Hattie May, also died in infancy. 3. George, 
bom at Haverhill, New Hampshire, March 
29, 1873 y niarried Edith Smith, who was bom 
in England; they reside in Auburn, Rhodte 
Island, where he is emplo)red as an assayer. 
4, Ethel, bom at Ashburnham Center, Sep- 
tember II, 1877; married Herbert R. Blake, 
of East Providence, Rhode Island, a banker 
and capitalist of that town. 5. Maud, bom 
at Ashburnham Center, September i, 1874; 
married Frank Blue, of West Greenwich, 
Rhode Island (deceased) ; she resides at 
Greenwich, on her farm. 6. Harry Willough- 
by, mentioned below. 7. Qarence, bom at 
Austin, Rhode Island, August 22, 1886; re- 
sides in West Greenwich, Rhode Island, and 
follows farming. 8. Ernest, born at Say- 
brook, Connecticut, August 3, 1888 ; employed 
in Hill's factory, Coventry, Rhode Island. 9. 
Florence, born at Saybrook, August 10, 1890 ; 
resides in Providence, Rhode Island; is un- 

(III) Harry Willoughby, son of Albert Ed- 
ward Cummings, was born at Ashburnham, 
Massachusetts, November i, 1881. He re- 
ceived his early education in the public schools 

Digitized by 




of Austin, Rhode Island, and in the high school 
of Hillsgrove, Rhode Island. He came to Benn- 
ington in 1898 to enter the employ of his uncle, 
Harry Willoughby in the tinning and plumb- 
ing business, and in 1910 he engaged in the 
same line of business on his own account. He 
has been very successful in business. In poli- 
tics he is a Republican. He is a member of 
the F. O. E., No. 1861, of Bennington, of the 
Modern Woodmen of America, and the Order 
of the Golden Cross, all of Bennington. He 
married, April, 1909, in Bennington, Margaret 
Wright, who was born in Philadelphia, Penn- 
sylvania, daughter of William Wright, who 
was employed in the knittiTig mills, now de- 
ceased. Children : Barbara and George, twins, 
born at Bennington, January 27, 191 1. 

(The WiHoufiThby Line). 

The Willoughby family in England is de- 
scended from Sir John de Willoughby, a Nor- 
man knight, who received the lordship of Wil- 
loughby from William the Conqueror. In the 
"Salisbury Memorial" an interesting account 
of the English ancestry and the tracing of the 
lineage is given. The coat-of-arms is de- 
scribed: Or a fretty azure. Crest: A lion's 
head guardant couped at the shoulders or be- 
tween two wings expanded or fretty azure 
mantles gules doubled argent. An interesting 
relic of the English family is preserved by 
American descendants in a linen table cloth 
which according to a tradition that Mrs. Salis- 
bury has verified in her work. Queen Eliza- 
beth, while a prisoner, embroidered for a wait- 
ing maid of the Willoughby family. 

(I) Colonel William Willoughby, father of 
the American immigrant, Governor Francis 
Willoughby, was a son of Christopher, grand- 
son of Christopher, who was the son of Chief 
Justice Thomas Willoughby. Governor Fran- 
cis Willoughby was a merchant in Charles- 
town, Massachusetts, and a proprietor of the 
town in 1638. After coming to this country he 
rendered important service to the colonies as 
a member of parliament from Portsmouth, 
England, in 1647, and again in 1657-58. He 
returned to Charlestown from his second ab- 
sence about 1662, and the general court grant- 
ed him.a thousand acres of land in token of his 
services, October 15, 1669. He was deputy to 
the general court in 1642, and afterward ; town 
officer, magistrate, deputy governor (see New 
Eng. Gen. Reg. xx, xxxv, xl). He was ad- 
mitted to the church with wife Mary, Decem- 
ber 3, 1639, and admitted a freeman May 13, 
1640. His wife Mary died, and he married 
(second) in England-, Mrs. Margaret Taylor, 
daughter of William Locke and widow of 
Daniel Taylor. The Locke ancestry has also 

been traced. His will was dated June 4, 1670, 
and proved April 10, 1671 ; refers to payment 
of legacies from his father to his chilcken; be- 
queaths to eldest son Jonathan and each of his 
children ; to his wife the estate she had before 
their marriage, and other property; to sons 
Nehemiaii, William, Francis, daughter Susan- 
nah; daughter Campfield; Aunt Hammond 
and cousin Laura Hammond ; to his pastor and 
teacher; to cousin March; to the school in 
Charlestown 300 acres of the land given him 
by the town, lying beyond Woburn ; to Laura 
Dowse and Edward Wilson, and to his man 
Richard Waldron. Children: Jonathan; Sarah, 
baptized June 13, 1641 ; Nehemiah, mentioned 
below; Jeremiah, July 29, 1647; Francis, bap- 
tized at St. Olaves, London, February 29, 
1659-60; Susannah, baptized at Charlestown, 
August 21, 1664; William. 

(II) Nehemiah, son of Francis Willoughby, 
was born June 18, 1644, at Charlestown. He 
lived at Salem, and married, January 2, 1672, 
Abigail, daughter of Henry Bartholomew. She 
was baptized October 6, 1650, and died Sep- 
tember r?, 1702. He died November 4, 1702. 
He was constable of Salem in 1679. Children : 
Francis, September 28, 1672, married Bethia 
Gedney; Nehemiah; Elizabeth, June 22, 1674; 
Mary, September i, 1676; Abigail, April 4, 
i679;.Sarah, July 8, 1684; Elizabeth, June 10, 
1687: Johi», December 11, 168& 

(III) John, a descendant of Francis Wil- 
loughby, believed by those who have investi- 
gated to be son of John and grandson of Nehe- 
miah, was born, according to the "History of 
Billerica," December 25, 1707. He appears 
to have settled on land granted to Governor 
Willoughby, and lived in Billerica in 1735-45. 
He was a grantee of Plymouth, New Hamp- 
shire, and one of the exploring party in 1762. 
He was elder of the Billerica church. He mar- 
ried, at Billerica, March tj, 1735, Anna Cham- 
berlain, daughter of John and Margaret 
(Gould) Chamberlain. In 1745 he located at 
Hollis, New Hampshire, on the west side of 
Pine Hill. He married (second) June 28, 
174-, Elizabeth Sprake, born at Billerica, Time 
20, 1727, daughter of Nicholas. Willoughby 
died at Hollis, February 2, 1793. Children: 
John, born December 24, 1735; Jonas, men- 
tioned below; Joseph, February 17, 1739; 
Anna, May 30, 1741 : Mary, February 26, 
1742-43; Susanna, May 26, 1744; Samuel, 
February 13, 1745. Born at Hollis: Mehit- 
able, August 3, 1747; Rebecca, February 13, 
1749; William, September 2, 1751 ; Elizabeth, 
April 3, 1753; Josiah, July 30, 1755. 

(IV) Jonas, son of John Willoughby, was 
born at Billerica, March 31, 1737. He lived 
at Hollis; married, July 10, 1760, Hannah 

Digitized by 




Bates. Children, born at Hollis : Jonas, men- 
tioned below; Oliver, June 2, 1764; David, 
April 4, 1770; William, June 17, 1774. 

(V) Jonas (2), son of Jonas (i) Willough^ 
by, was bom at Hollis, May 10, 1761 ; mar- 
ried, May 24, 1785, Prudence Sanders. In 
1796 he removed from Hollis to Grafton, and 
in 1800 to Plymouth, New Hampshire. Chil- 
dren born at Hollis: Prudence, October 29, 
1787; Jonas, March 15, 1790; Hannah, May 
7, 1792; Anna, March 22, 1795; Amy, bom 
at Groton ; Sarah, at Groton ; William, at Ply- 
mouth, November 26, 1801. 

(VI) William, son of Jonas (2) Willoughby, 
was born at Plymouth, November 26, 1801 ; 
married (first) August 18, 1822, Maria Emer- 
son, daughter of Jonathan. She died Septem- 
ber 9, 1834, and he married (second) March 
2, 1835, Sarah Rogers, daughter of Stephen 
and Polly (Brown) Rogers. He was a farmer 
in Plymouth until 1850, removed to Thetford, 
Vermont, and died there November 22, 1869; 
she died July 22,. 1869. Children : Lorenzo G., 
bom November 6, 1823, married Mary Ruth 
Sargent, and their daughter, Emma J., mar- 
ried Albert Edward Cummings (see Cum- 
mings) ; Almira R., August 6, 1827; Oren, 
June 9, 1830, died January 15, 1842; Henry 
T., July 17, 1837, farmer of Thetford; Anna 
M., July 21, 1842. 

The Harwood families in 
HARW^OOD this country are descended 

from three immigrants — 
Henry, Nathaniel and Andrew Harwood. 
Henry and his wife Elizabeth came in 1630 
on the same ship with Governor Winthrop, 
and settled first in Boston, being dismissed 
from the church there in 163 1 to the newly 
organized church in Charlestown. He was 
admitted freeman in 1633, and is said to have 
died about 1635 as a result of exposure m a 
terrible storm. His son John settled in Salem, 
and was the founder of the Harwood family 
there. Nathaniel Harwood came to this coun- 
try with his brothers Thomas, Robert and 
John Plarwood, and a sister Hannah, children 
of John Harwood, of London. He was the 
only one of the sons to leave descendants in 
this country. He lived in Boston until 1665, 
when he moved to Concord, Massachusetts; 

his wife was Elizabeth . 

(I) Andrew Harv^^ood, the immigrant an- 
cestor, was bom in England, in the southern 
part of Devonshire. His name was variously 
spelled on the records — Harwood, Horwood 
and Harward. The first mention of him is 
found September 5, 1627, in a will made by 
his cousin, Stephen Harwood, of St. Savious, 
Dartmouth, who was dying of the plague. 
The will was proved November 16, 1627, "in 

the Court of the Archdeacon of Totnes, by 
Grace Mann, sister, and one of the executrices 
and residuary legatees, power being reserved 
to Ester, daughter of Kinsman Andrew Har- 
wood, the other executrix and residuary 
legatee." Andrew Horwood was left a be- 
quest of twenty shillings. No other record has 
been found of Andrew in England, except the 
record of the baptisms of his younger children, 
Hannah and Samuel, on the Parish Registers 
of St. Savious, Dartmouth. About 1640 he 
came to New England, accompanied by at 
least one of his children, Mrs. Thomas Finson, 
and perhaps one or two other children. Mrs. 
Finson may have been the Ester mentioned in 
Stephen Horwood's will. Andrew Harwood 
was made freeman in Boston, February 28, 

1643. In November, 1644, he is mentioned in 
the will of his son*in-law, Thomas Finson, 
who died on the ship "Gilbert/* in September, 

1644, ai^d ii^ SeptenJ)er, 1645, Andrew's name 
is mentioned in a legal controversy between 
Christopher Lawson and Thomas Beard, his 
neighbors. In 1644 he was living in Boston, 
with his daughter, Mrs. Finson, and he doubt- 
less remained with her until his death. Chil- 
dren, bom in Dartmouth, England, perhaps 
not given in the order of age : Esther, one of 
the executrices of Stephen Horwood*s wiH; 
Andrew, buried October 16, 1626; Nicholas, 
married Maria Ameredith, lived in Dartmouth ; 
WilHam, mentioned in Stephen Horwood's 
will ; Andrew, mentioned below ; Hannah, bap- 
tized January 17, 1629; Samuel, baptized Octo- 
ber 7, 1632, died September, 1633. 

(II) Andrew (2), son of Andrew (i) Har- 
wood, was probably bora in 1627, at Dart- 
mouth, England. He married, at Dartmouth, 
July 4, 1648, Elizabeth Bowden, and they set- 
tled in Stepney, a suburb of London. After 
a few years he seems to have gone to America 
alone, doubtless intending to bring his family 
over later. He died early in 1659 before he 
could carry out his purpose, and his family 
probably remained at Stepney, as on August 
I, 1659, Edmond Pike was appointed curator 
"to Sarah, Margaret and James Harwood, 
minors, children of Andrew Harwood, late in 
ye Virginia (as New England was termed at 
that time), in parts beyond ye seas, deceased." 
On December 12, 1659, his widow, Elizabeth, 
was appointed administratrix of her husbandfs 
estate. Children, probably all born in Stepney : 
Sarah, a minor in 1659; Margaret, a minor in 
1659; James, mentioned below. 

(III) James, son of Andrew (2) Harwood, 
was born probably about 1655, at Stepney, 
England, and came early to this country, set- 
tling in Boston, Massachusetts. He served in 
King Philip's war, in Captain William Turner's 
company. He was present at the Falls Fight, 

Digitized by 




when Turner surprised the Indians and be- 
tween two and three hundred Indians were 
slain in the encounter. At this time Harwood'^s 
home was at Chelmsford, Massachusetts. He 
married, at Chelmsford, April ii, 1678, Lydia, 
daughter of John and Sarah Barrett ; she was 
born in Chelmsford, September 22, 1659. John 
Barrett was son of Thomas, who came to this 
country about 1635,. settling at Braintree, 
Massachusetts, and at Chelmsford ; John, born 
in England, died in Chelmsford in 1706, 
served in King Philip's war. James Harwood 
lived in Chelmsford until about 1717, when he 
moved to Littleton. He was a "tray-maker," 
as shown by a deed, April 3, 17 19, when he 
quitclaimed land in Littleton which he had 
received by grant, to Jonathan Prescott. He 
died August i, 1719. Children, bom in Chelms- 
ford: Andrew, September 2, 1692, probably 
died young; Abigail, twin of Andrew, died 
September i, 1695; James, bom September 
30, 169s ; John, twin of James, died in infancy ; 
Abigail, born May 18, 1699; John, mentioned 

(IV) John, son of James Harwood, was 
born in Chelmsford, May 2r], 1703. In 1727, 
with his brother James and his wife, he sold 
rights in land at Fallstown which they had 
received in consideration of their father's 
services in the Falls Fight in King Philip's 
war. In 173S, or earlier, he was living in 
Lambstown, now Hardwick, Massachusetts. 
On December 9, 1736, he sold a hundred acres 
of land to Joseph Allen, and November 3, 
1737, land to Timothy Ruggles. On January 
3, 1737, he sold thirty-five acres to David 
White, and April 11, 1739, bought of Eben 
Holden land in Quabbin, now Greenwich, 
Mas^chusetts. In 1739 ^^ bought one hun- 
dred acres of Nathaniel Kellogg, and in 1742 
sold sixty acres to Samuel Owen. At that 
time he was living in Quabbin, and January 
17, 1751, he bought fifty acres there of Nathan 
Fiske. On July 23, 1752, he mortgaged- one 
hundred and fifty^two acres of land in Ware, 
where he was then living, to John Merritt, a 
merchant of Providence, Rhode Island. About 
1740 he began to have financial troubles, and 
as a result of lawsuits and debts from 1740 to 
1757, a writ of ejectment came and the troubles 
were not finally settled until about 1759. He 
married, about 1729, Mary Powers, who came 
from an early family in Littleton. Hiram 
Powers, the famous sculptor, was descended 
from the same line. Children: Sarah, born 
February 26, 1730; Lydia, January 22, 1732; 
Mary, March 3, 1734; John, June 5, 1736, in 
Hardwick; James, August 3, 1737, in Hard- 
wick ; Andrew, mentioned below. 

(V) Andrew (3), son of John Harwood, 
born in Greenwich, Massachusetts, was bap- 

tized September 20, 1743, and died in Ware, 
February 23, 1823. He was the founder of 
the Ware branch of Harwoods. He served in 
the revolution, in Captain Josiah Wilson's 
company. Colonel Porter's regiment, enlisting 
in September, 1777. He served under General 
Gates, and was present at the battle of Sara- 
toga. He married, February 25, 1771, Rachel 
D. Higgins. Children, bom in Ware: Rachel 
D., September 12, 1771 ; John, mentioned be- 
low ; Nathan, January 26, 1775 ; Elijah, Novem- 
ber 8, 1776; Andrew, March 12, 1779, died 
aged seventeen; Jonathan, born March 23, 
1781 ; James, February 14, 1783; Mary, April 
8, 1785, died young; Sarah, March 20, 1787; 
Henrietta, June i, 1789; Lurane, February 19^ 
1792; Andrew, April 15, 1796. 

(VI) John (2), son of Andrew (3) Har- 
wood, was bom in Ware, Massachusetts, Octo- 
ber 26, 1772. He married, October 18, 1798^ 
Betsey Forbush, who was bom in Massachu- 
setts, August 15, 1778, and died in Bennington, 
Vermont, June 6, 1839. He died at Benning- 
ton, September 26, 1852. He came with others 
of the family and followed the trade of shoe- 
maker in Bennington. Children, bom in Ware : 
I. Asahel, foreman of mills in Bennington; 
died there. 2. Eliza, died in Bennington ; mar- 
ried Hiram Ray, of Bennington, a carpenter 
and builder (now deceased). 3. Daughter,, 
married William Wood, of Woodford, Ver- 
mont, a lumberman; both died at Woodford. 
4. Mary, married Darwin Miles, of Canan- 
daigua, a farmer, who died there. 5. James F.^ 
mentioned below. 

(VII) James F., son of John (2) Harwood^ 
was bom at Ware, Massachusetts, July i> 
1803, died in Bennington, July 25, 1869. He 
was educated in the public schools, and learned 
the trade of shoemaker. He also conducted a 
grist mill owned by Major Brown, of Benning- 
ton. In later years he was a Republican in 
politics. He married Roxanna Olin, who was 
born December 7, 1808, in Schoharie county, 
New York, and died at Bennington, May 28,. 

1893, daughter of James Olin and 

(Reynolds) Olin. Her father was a farmer. 
Children, bom in Bennington: i. Henry Oliny 
January 12, 1834; died at Bennington in June,. 
191 2; an iron molder; was unmarried. 2. 
Charles William, bom January 26, 1835, died 
at San Bemardino, Calif omia; a miner; un- 
married. 3. Mary E., bom at Shaftsbury, 
Vermont, July 21, 1838, died at Bennington, 
unmarried. 4. James Eustis, Febmary 7, 1841,, 
died at Brattleboro, unmarried. 5. George H., 
mentioned below. 

(VIII) George H., son of James F. Har- 
wood, was born at North Bennington, Ver- 
mont, October 12, 1845, ^tnd now resides at 
207 Union street, in his native town. He was- 

Digitized by 




educated there in the public schools, and 
learned the trade of machinist and stationery 
engineer. In politics he is a Republican. He 
is a member of Stark Lodge, No. 9, Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, and a com- 
municant of the Protestant Episcopal church. 
He married Caroline Walton, who was born 
in Bennington, July 21, 1846. She is also a 
communicant of the Episcopal church, and a 
member of the Order of the Eastern Star, the 
Rebelcah Lodge of Odd Fellows, and the 
Woman's Relief Corps, G. A. R. Mr. Har- 
wood was a soldier in the civil war, enlisting 
in 1862 in Company A, 14th Regiment Ver- 
mont Volunteer Infantry, and serving nine 
months. He took part in the battle of Gettys- 
burg, and is a member of G. A. Custer 6th 
Corp Post, No. 42, Grand Army of the Re- 
public. Children: i. Olin Walton, bom at 
Bennington, May 10, 1870; married Emma 
Cartwright, a native of Troy, New York; he 
is a mail carrier, and their home is at 139 
North street, Bennington. 2. George Louis, 
mentioned below. 

(IX) George Louis, son of George H. Har- 
wood, was born July 21, 1872. He attended 
the public schools and after two years in the 
high school he entered Norwich University, in 
which he took a three-year course. He was 
afterward a student in the Albany College of 
Pharmacy for one year. From March 17, 
1893, ^o May 19, 1898, he was a clerk in the 
drug store of Van Vleck & Potter, pharmacists, 
of Bennington. He then bought a drug store 
at Chester, Vermont, and conducted it until 
June 4, 1894, when he sold the business and 
returned to Bennington. Since November of 
that year he has been in business as a druggist 
at 201-203 North street, Bennington. He is 
a member of the Theta Chi college fraternity ; 
Olive Branch Lodge, No. 64, Free Masons, of 
Chester ; Stark Lodge, No. 9, Odd Fellows, of 
Benriihgton ; the New England Order of Pro- 
tection, Walloomsic Lodge ; and he is a former 
member of the Knights of P)rthias. He is a 
communicant of the Protestant Episcopal 
church. In politics he is a Republican. 

He married, June 26, 1906, at Troy, New 
York, Elizabeth Apps Freeman, bom May 3, 
1873, daughter of William H. and Emily 
(Apps) Freeman. Her father was in the 
postal service; her mother is living in Troy. 
Mrs. Harwood is a member of the Eastern 
Star and of the Episcopal church. Tliey have 
no children. 

(IV) Darnel Holden, son of 
HOLDEN . James Holden (q. v. ) , was born 
at Cambridge, October 7, 1713. 
He removed from Worcester to Rutland dis- 
trict, and died intestate at Barre in 1755. He 

was living in Leicester in 1739, and again in 

1755. He married Rachel . Child, bom 

at Leicester: Jeduthan, March 4, 1738-39. 
Born at Worcester: Rachel, January 26, 1740- 
41 ; Josiah, January 23, 1743 ; Mary, March 
31, 1747; Daniel; Martha; Katherine; Nathan, 
mentioned below. The children are legatees 
under the will of James Holden, their grand- 
father, mentioned above. 

(V) Nathan, son of Daniel Holden, was 
born in 1753, probably at Barre. He and his 
cousin of the same name, Nathan Holden, son 
of Nathan Hold^en, were both in the revolu- 
tion, and it is difficuk to distinguish their 
records. Nathan Jr. was in the Continental 
army in 1780, aged twenty-two. That identi- 
fies him as the Nathan born 1758. He was 
five feet six inches tall, and of light comr 
plexion. Nathan, of Shrewsbury, was in Cap- 
tain Job Cushing^s company, Colonel Artemas 
Ward's regiment, April 19, 1775, and later in 
the year in Colonel Jonathan Ward's regiment 
This record doubtless belongs to Nathan, of 
Worcester and Shrewsbury ; his brother I>aiiiel 
settled in Shrewsbury. (See other records in 
vol. viii, p. 109, "Mass. Soldiers and Sailors 
in the Revolution"). Nathan Holden, son of 
Natihan, went to Petershani, and had Abigail, 
Fanny. Julia Whitney, Lucinda, Lucretia, Na- 
than in 1794, and Sophronia, by wife Abigail 
(Whitney), whom he married at Barre, No- 
vember 28, 1782, and they also had at Barre, 
Simeon, June 22, 1784. Nathan, son of Daniel, 
died at Hubbardston, Massachusetts, June 25, 
1806, aged fifty-three years. He settled in Hub- 
bardston, where his first wife, Experience, 
died October i, 1790. He married (second) 
at Hubbardston, June 2, 1701, Prudence Alden. 
Children, bom at Hubbardston, by first wife: 
Son, March 20, 1780; Fanny. May 7, 1781 ; 
Lewis, March 29, 1783, died December 12, 
1849; Nathan, mentioned below; Sally, No- 
vember II, 1788, died December 4, 1788. Chil- 
dren by second wife, born at Hubbardston: 
Amasa, January 28, 1792; Ethan, February 7, 
1794; Jonah, May 19, 1796; Melissa, Septem- 
ber 8, 1798, died September 14, 1800; Caty, 
November 14, 1800; Loretta, March 31, 1803; 
Artemas Goodnow, March 22, 1805 ; daughter, 
born December 11, 1809, died October 11, 
1810; son, bom August 23, 1812. 

(VI) Nathan (2), son of Nathan (i) 
Holden, was born at Hubbardston. June i, 
1786, and died at Barre. March 18, 1838, aged 
fifty-one. He married, at Hubbardston (inten- 
tion dated April 5, 1809) Peady Clark. In the 
birth records his wife is Experience. He set- 
tled at Barre, Massachusetts. His wife Ex- 
perience had two brothers, Steadman and Tim- 
othy. Her mother's name was Jemima Night- 
ingale. Children, recorded as born in Barre: 

Digitized by 




Nathan, August 28, 1812; Lewis, mentioned 
below; Hiram, May 12, 1820; Parker, July 31, 
1822; Harriet, May 18, 1825; Celia, April 9, 
1828; Mary, August 15, 1831. 

(VH) Lewis, son of Nathan (2) Holden, 
was born at Barre, Massachusetts, June 15, 
1814, and died at Charlton, Massachusetts, 
September 7, 1863. He settled in Charlton, 
and owned a large farm in that town. He was 
a Whig in politics, and a Methodist in religion. 
He married, May 9, 1837, Eliza Ann Howktt, 
who was bom July 2, 1817, in Woodstock, 
Connecticut, and died December 5, 1908, in 
Bennington, Vermont. Children, all except 
the eldest born at Charlton: i. Charles Lewis, 
born at Hubbardston, February 28, 1838, died 
at Palmer, Massachusetts, October 19, 1908; 
a merchant ; married Ellen Rodman, of South- 
bridge, Massachusetts. 2. Julia, February 16, 
1840; died at West Warren, Massachusetts, 
May 10, 1882; married George Rockwell, of 
Bloomfield, Connecticut, a merchant and real 
estate agent, who died at Providence, Rhode 
Island, in August, 19 10. 3. Henry Parker, 
March 5, 1842, died at Palmer, April 12, 1900; 
married Mary J. Holmes, of Southbridge, 
Massachusetts, now living in Palmer ; he was 
a merchant. 4. John Steadman, mentioned be- 
low. 5. Gilbert, born October 15, 1847, died 
in infancy. 6. Daniel Freeman, July 2, 1850, 
resides ip Palmer, a real estate agent, married 
Mary Loomis, of Palmer. 7. Elizabeth, June 
20, 1857; married Frank B. Pope, who was 
born at Woodbury, Connecticut, September 29, 
1856, a salesman and manufacturer, residing 
in Bennington, Vermont. 8. Anna Pede, born 
February 8, i860 ; married E. E. Hart, a coal 
dealer in Bennington, a native of Washington, 

(Vni) John Steadman, son of Lewis 
Holden, was bom at Charlton, Massachusetts, 
May 9, 1845, and' died at Pasadena, California, 
March 22, 1907. He attended the public 
schools of Charlton and Worcester, Massachu- 
setts, and the Eastman Business College at 
Poughkeepsie, New York. He began his busi- 
ness career as a merchant in Palmer. He sold 
his business a few years later and engaged in 
refining oil in what was known as the Crystal 
Refinery, on the Miller farm. This refinery 
had a memorable contest with the Standard Oil 
Company. Subsequently he became a manu- 
facturer of woolen goods at Palmer. After 
he retired from business he made his home at 
Bennington, Vermont, in 1889, and he took an 
active part in public affairs. In politics he was 
a Republican. He was trustee of the incor- 
porated village of Bennington, and afterward 
its president. While on a trip to Old Mexico 
and California he died at Pasadena, California. 

He was a faithful member of the Congre- 
gational church, and for many years a deacon. 
He was a member of Mount Anthony Lodge, 
No. 13, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, 
and of the Bennington Club. He married 
Jennie E. Goodell, who was bom at Hartford, 
Connecticut, and is now Hving in Bennington, 
daughter of Cyrus and Almira ( Burr) Goodell ; 
her mother was a sister of A. E. Burr, of the 
Hartford Times; her father was an insurance 
agent. Children of John Steadman Holden: 
I. Arthur J., born at Hartford, Connecticut, 
December, 1870; president of Bennington 
County National Bank ; married Frances Cole- 
man, of San Francisco. 2. Alice, born at Pal- 
mer, February 6, 1872; married George H. 
Bickford, of Barton, Vermont, manager of 
Woodbury Granite Company ; reside at Hard- 
wick, Vermont. 3. Lulu, at Palper, October 
24, 1873; married Norman L. Bassett, an 
attorney-at-law, at Augusta, Maine. 4. Flor- 
ence, at Palmer, May 11, 1876; married Theo- 
dore L. Thomas, of Bennington, sales manager 
for Holden-Leonard Company. 5. Clarence 
Lewis, mentioned below. 

(IX) Clarence Lewis, son of John Stead- 
man Holden, was bom at Palmer, Massachu- 
setts, June 2y, 1884. When he was five years 
old his parents removed to Bennington, where 
he received his early education in the public 
schools. He was graduated in 1904 from the 
I^wrenceville Preparatory School. For two 
years he was a student in Princeton Univer- 
sity, leaving college in 1906 at the end of his 
sophomore year to engage in the woolen busi- 
ness at Bennington. He was one of the prin- 
cipal owners of the Holden-Leonard Com- 
pany, and he remained with the company as 
assistant treasurer until January, 191 3. Since 
that time he has been president of the Benning- 
ton Scale Company. In politics Mr. Holden 
is a Republican, and he has served one year as 
trustee of the village' of Bennington. In re- 
ligion he is a Congregationalist, a member of 
the church at Bennington. He is also a mem^ 
ber of the Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks, No. 567, of Bennington ; of Mount An- 
thony Lodge, No. 13, Free Masons; Temple 
Chapter, No. 8, Roya^ Arch Masons: Taft 
Commandery, Knights Templar, No. 8: and 
Cairo Temple, Mystic Shrine, of Rutland. He 
is active in the Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation, and a member of the Bennington Club. 
He is a director of the Hardwick & Woodbury 
Railroad Company. 

He miarried, June 17, 1908, at Deep River, 
Connecticut, Florence Elizabeth Spencer, 
daughter of Richard P. and Julia (Selden) 
Spencer. Her father was a banker, and is now 
deceased. Mrs. Holden is an active member 

Digitized by 




of the Congregational church, and of the local 
chapter of the Daughters of the American 
Revolution. Children: John Spencer, born 
February 22, 191 1 ; Juliana Selden, born April 
13, 1913- 

Although a family long settled in 
PECK Rhode Island, and one of the oldest 
families in the towns of Barring- 
ton, Warren and Bristol, and the neighboring 
places in Massachusetts, Swansea and old 
Rehoboth, which last included formerly much 
of the land now incorporated in the Rhode 
Island towns, the Pecks have not, however, 
been settled for many generations in Provi- 
dence, their present home. They have held 
Rhode Island lands and been among the lead- 
ing landholders and the progressive men of the 
community, both by their character and their 
wealth, for about two hundred and fifty years. 
The American ancestor, Joseph Peck, who 
founded the Massachusetts branch of the 
family at Hingham in 1638, was often select- 
man of the town, magistrate, and a representa- 
tive in the colonial assembly. Since the stir- 
ring revolutionary times the movement of 
public events has always found members of 
the family ready to sustain its worthy reputa- 
tion, and to honor the seats of the assembly 
with their presence. 

(I) Joseph Peck, baptized in Beccles, Suf- 
folk county, England, April 30, 1587, was the 
son of Robert Peck, and a descendant from 
John Peck, of Bel ton, Yorkshire, in the 
twenty-first generation. He died at Seekonk 
Plain, Massachusetts, December 23, 1663. Be- 
fore emigrating he settled at Hingham, Nor- 
folk county, England, but in* 1638 he and his 
brother Robert, with other Puritans, fled from 
persecution, and sailed for the New World in 
the ship "Diligence" of Ipswich. Coming with 
his wife, three sons, a daughter, two men 
servants, and three maid servants, he settled 
in Hingham, Massachusetts. After seven years 
he removed to Seekonk, having been one of 
the leading men of the former town. Joseph 
Peck was deputy to the general court in 1639- 
40-41-42. He was one of the chief purchaser!-: 
of the Indians in 1641, buying territory at See- 
konk, which has since been made into the town 
of Rehoboth, Massachusetts, which comprises 
what are now known as Rehoboth, Seekonk 
and Pawtucket. After his removal to Seekonk 
in 1645 he became one of its wealthiest and 
most progressive citizens. He married (first) 
in England, Rebecca Clark, who died in Hing- 
ham, England, October, 1637. Mr. Peck mar- 
ried again, but the second wife's name is not 
known. Children, by first wife, all baptized in 
Hingham, England: Anna, baptized July 2"]^ 

1616; Rebecca, May 25, 1620; Joseph (2), of 
whom further; John, about 1626; Nicholas, 
April 9, 1630. Children by second wife : Sam- 
uel, baptized in Hingham, Massachusetts, Feb- 
ruary 3, 1638-39; Nathaniel, October 31, 1641 ; 
and Israel, March 4, 1644. 

(II) Joseph (2), son of Joseph (i) Peck, 
baptized August 23, 1623, in England, died at 
Rehoboth, l\Iassachusetts. He emigrated with 
his father to New England in 1638. He re- 
moved to Seekonk Plain with the family in 
1645, ^^d the town records bear his name 
often, especially in connection with the report 
of those who had advanced money for King 
Philip's war. He soon became a large holder 
of land. In 1660 he settled finally at Palmer's 
river, Rehoboth, Massachusetts. Hfe married 

. Children: Rebecca, born November 

6, 1650; Hannah, March 25, 1653; Elizabeth, 
November 26, 1657; Jathniel, July 24, 1660; 
May, November 17, 1662; Ichabod, Septem- 
ber 13, 1666; Patience, October 11, 1669; and 
Samuel, of whom further. 

(III) Samuel, son of Joseph (2) Peck, was 
born October 11, 1672, died June 9, 1736. He 
also was a large holder of property, after set- 
tling upon his father's farm. Many town 
offices fell to his share, and he belonged to the 
church situated on Palmer's river. He mar- 
ried Rachel Whitaker, who died November 12, 
I75^» at the age of eighty-one years. Chil- 
dren: Hannah, born July 21, 1697; EHzabeth, 
June 5, 1700; Benjamin, May 26, 1702 ; Rachel, 
September 12, 1704; Samuel (2), of whom 
further; and Abiezer, April 21, 1714. 

(IV) Rev. Samuel (2) Peck, son of Samuel 
(i) Peck, was born December 2, 1706, died 
November 26, 1788. He resided on part of the 
old homestead near Rehoboth. He was called 
one of the "new lights," the term at that time 
applied to a Baptist minister, and he was a 
shining and fervent example. For forty years 
he was an elder in the Baptist church. His 
parish was located in a portion of the territory 
afterwards included in Seekonk. He married 
Hannah Allen, died August 13, 1778, aged 
seventy-one years. Children: Samuel, bom 
February 27, 1734-35: Allen, of whom fur- 
ther; Josiah, May 18, 1740; Benjamin, No- 
vember 18, 1741 ; Lewis, February 3, 1745. 

(V) Allen, son of Rev. Samuel (2) Peck, 
was born February i, 1735-36. For some 
years he lived in Providence, but moved later 
to Rehoboth, where he lived and died upon 
the old homestead. He married Elizabeth 
Dexter, of Providence, a widow. Children: 
Hannah, bom February 5, 1777: Elizabeth, 
born September 20. 1779: Benjamin, of whom 
further: Tohn R., March 18, 1784. 

(VI) Benjamin, son of Allen Peck, was 

Digitized by 




born December 25, 1781, died in 1843. Most 
of his life he resided in Providence, and was 
a merchant there. He married Roby A. Orms- 
bee, who died in 1806. Children: Allen Orms- 
bee, of whom further ; and Mary Spurr, born 
May 19, 1806, married Esek Aldrich, and set- 
tled in Providence. 

(VII) Allen Ormsbee, son of Benjamin 
Peck, was born November 17, 1804, and died 
in Providence September 15, 1871. He re- 
ceived a liberal education, attending the best 
grade of schools then established in his native 
city. Preparing for college in the University 
Grammar School he then entered Brown Uni- 
versity, and was graduated in 1824. He then 
took up the study of law und^r Judge Thomas 
Burgess, and was admitted to the bar in 1826. 
For a short time he practiced law, but pre- 
ferring a business career, upon the formation 
of the American Insurance Compwtny in 1831 
he became its secretary. Later he was made its 
third president, succeeding to that office on the 
death of William Rhodes. Under President 
Peck the business of the American Insurance 
Company was largely extended, and Mr. Peck 
gained a high reputation for his skillful and 
successful management of the affairs of the 
corporation. For thirty-six years he was the 
satisfactory, efficient and successful secretary 
and president of this organization. A weak- 
ened state of health then caused him to resign 
the office which he had held so long and filled 
so capably. However, hiis record as one of the 
chief men in insurance demanded his return 
to active business, and in 1862 he was induced 
to become the executive head of the Narra- 
gansett Insurance Company. This office he 
held for the remainder of his life. He had 
been one of the directors in the Narragansett 
Insurance Company from the time of its incor- 
poration in 1857. He was also for many years 
a director in the American Bank, and was be- 
sides connected with other commercial enter- 
prises and held various offices of trust and 
responsibility. From June, 1832, to June, 
1834, be was clerk of the common council. 
He took an active part in the work incidental 
to the incorporation of the City of Providence, 
which became a city by special act of the gen- 
eral assembly in November, 1831, which act 
went into operation the first Monday in June, 
1832. The city of Providence is still further 
indebted to him for his activity in securing the 
installation of the first public lighting plant, 
for which he assisted in raising about $30,000 
from the business men of the city. 

Mr. Peck had large influence in the Uni- 
tarian church, whose matters aflfecting its pros- 
perity in New Enp:land greatly interested him. 
He was a man of most generous and kind 

impulses, and his deeds proved a heart always 
full of kindness for all who approached him. 
His general interest in others and his kind 
treatment of everyone were matters of general 
remark. Qeamess and sagacity marked his 
business dealings, and he was noted for hon- 
esty and straightforwardness. He was a mem- 
ber of the Rhode Island Historical Society. 

Allen Ormsbee Peck married, July 25, 1855, 
Mary Elizabeth, daughter of Josiah and 
Pamelia (Andrews) Whi taker, of Providence. 
Children, all daughters : Ellen Ormsbee ; Mary 
Talbot, of whom further; Maria Storrs, of 
whom further ; Elizabeth Andrews ; and Jessie 
Comstock, died February 14, 1870, aged two 

(VIII) Mary Talbot, daughter of Allen 
Ormsbee and Mary Elizabeth (Whitaker) 
Peck, died February 19, 1913. The "St. 
Stephen's Church Monthly" c(Hitained the fol- 
lowing tribute to her memory : 

St. Stephen's Parish, our community and in fact 
our Diocese have suffered a great loss in the 
sudden death of Miss Mary Talbot Peck, who died 
at the Rhode Island Hospital while undergoing a 
surgical operation. It was an unfeigned sorrow, 
which filled St. Stephen's Church on Saturday, 
February 22, at i p. m., when the funeral services 
were held. Delegations from the manv parochial 
organizations to which Miss Peck belonged, the 
Providence Branch of St. Barnabas' Guild for 
Nurses, of which Miss Peck has been the efficient 
secretary for many years; the Woman's Auxiliary 
of Rhode Island, headed by Miss McVickar, 
diocesan president; and other societies, such as the 
Providence Art Club, were present. 

Miss Peck became a member and communicant 
of St. Stephen's Parish by confirmation on Ascen- 
sion Day, April 12, 1880. She has ever been one 
of the most faithful devout and willing workers in 
the church. Sweet-natured and kind hearted, she 
was a universal friend. She was one of the found- 
ers of St. Faith's Guild, and has been its treasurer 
from almost if not its very beginning. Open 
handed and generous she was always foremost in 
every good work. She is mourned by all who knew 
her, and her name, memory and example will always 
be among the choicest treasures in our parish. 

(VIII) Maria Storrs, daughter of Allen 
Ormsbee and Mary EKzabeth (Whitaker) 
Peck, was bom December 3, 1859, died April 
14, 1908. She was educated in the private 
schools of Providence and after matriculating 
at Brown University she was graduated in 
1895, with the degrees of B. Ph. and A. B. 
She then went to Winsted, Connecticut, and 
taught, the subject to which she principally 
devoted herself being history. Later she was 
employed in the Technical High School of 
Providence, but had to resign on account of 
ill heahh. She was a member of the collie 
fraternities, and also of the Rhode Island His- 
torical Society. 

Digitized by 



Digitized by 


Digitized by 




(VIII) The Misses Ellen Ormsbee and 
Elizabeth Andrews Peck, daughters of the 
late Allen Ormsbee and Mary Elizabeth 
(Whitaker) Peck, still reside in Providence. 

Edward Allen, the immigrant an- 
ALLEN cestor, was bom in England, and 
settled as early as 1659, at Ips- 
wich, Massachusetts ; in 1662 he was occupy- 
ing a farm owned by Rev. John Norton, of 
Boston ; in 1670 his barn was burned by light- 
ning, with sixty loads of barley; in 1678 he 
received a grant of sixty acres of land at Suf- 
fieW, and removed thither from Ipswich about 
that time. He died at Suffield, >fovember 21, 
1696. In his will, dated a week before he 
died, he provided for his five younger sons at 
Suffield, and his two younger daughters, Eliz- 
abeth and Sarah. The older brothers were 
directed to teach the tradd of weaving to the 
vounger sons, and when they came of age to 
build each a house and give to each a cow. 
The name was probably correctly spelled 
Allyn, but Allen, Allin and AlHne were also 
used by good authority. Allen is the spelling 
used by most of the family. Edward Allen 
was a weaver. He married, November 24, 
1658, Sarah, daughter of Richard and Mar- 
garet (How) Kimball. Two of her brothers 
were killed by the Indians. She died June 12, 
1696, aged about fifty-six years. Edward may 
have been related to Samuel Allen, whose de- 
scendants also lived at Deerfield ; Samuel was 
father of Nehemiah, bom 1640, grandfather 
of Samuel, bom 1666; great-grandfather of 
Joseph, bom 1700. The latter was of Litch- 
field, Connecticut, where his son, General 
Ethan Allen, of revolutionary fame, was born 
in 1738. Children of Edward Allen: John, 
mentioned below; Sarah, born December 20, 
1661, died February 10, 1662; Edward, born 
May I, 1663; Sarah, March 28, 1664; Eliza- 
beth, Etecember 20, 1666; William, March 12, 
1668: Martha, July 28, 1669; Benjamin, Sep- 
tember, 1673; I^vid, February i, 1675; Abi- 
gail, March 25, 1678; Samuel, 1679; Mary, 
April 9, 1683; Caleb, March 31, 1685. 

(II) John, son of Edward Allen, was bom 
August 9, 1659, and took the oath of allegiance 
aft Suffield, January 30, 1678. He settled at 
Suffield at the same time his father did, and 
had a grant of forty acres of land. In August, 
1685, ^c was granted a home lot, with his 
brother Edward, at the south end of the street. 
On September 14, 1686, he sold bis house and 
land in Suffield to Jacob Adams, and in t686 
received a grant of twenty acres in Greenfield, 
Massachusetts. On March 9, 1689, he and his 
brother Edward purchased sixty acres of land 
at the Bars, of John Pynchon. In the Indian 

attack of Febmary 29, 1704, the whole Allen 
family escaped death or capture, but on May 
II, 1704, John Allen was killed at the Bars, 
and his wife was captured and killed in the 
woods, a mile or two from the house. He 
married, February 22, 1682, Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of William Prichard, of Ipswich and 
Brookfield. Children: John, born December 
21, 1682, died April 3, 16831; John, mentioned 
below ; Richard, born September 17, 1685, died 
June 8, 1696; Elizabeth, bom November 4, 
1686; Sarah, January 4, 1688, captured 1704, 
died May 14, 1715; Joseph, bom March 28, 
1691 ; Benjamin, April 8, 1693; Ebenezer, Au- 
gust 16, 1696. 

(III) John (2), son of John (i) Allen, was 
born January 14, 1683-84, and died November 
30, 1 761, in Greenfield, where he was an early 
settler. He married, June 21, 17 16, Abigail, 
daughter of Ebenezer Severance ; she died De- 
cember 18, 1770, aged seventy-four years. 
Children, born in Greenfield : Abigail, May 27, 
1717; Elizabeth, May i, 1718, died May 23, 
1718 ; John, bom May 2, 1719 ; Ebenezer, Janu- 
ary II, 1720-21, died April 11, 1723; Elizabeth, 
bom March 24, 1722 ; Sarah, Febmary 2, 1723- 
24; Ebenezer, mentioned below; Noah, June 
24, 1727; Eunice, Septemiber 19, 1729, died 
January 16, 1743-44; Rebecca, bom Febmary 
9» 173031 ; David, October 2, 1732; Rhoda, 
August 7, 1734, died June 30, 1777; Thankful, 
born December 8, 1736; Experience, Decem- 
ber 20, 1738, died January 27, 1738-39. 

(IV) Ebenezer, son of John (2) Allen, was 
born March 2, 1725-26, and died March 31, 
1801. He lived in Greenfield. He married, 
June 12, 1748, Jemsha Graves, and she died 
April 22, 181 3, aged eighty-five years. Chil- 
dren, born in Greenfield: Abigail, July 29, 
1749; Job, January 19, 1752; Ebenezer, July 
21, 1754; Thankful, November i, 1757; Joel, 
April 23, 1760; Selah, September 22, 1762; 
Elizabeth, July 11, 1765; Elihu, January 7, 
1768: Elijah, mentioned below. 

(V) Elijah, son of Ebenezer Allen, was 
born in 1763-66, in Greenfield, Massachusetts. 
He married there, May 29, 1787, Eunice, 
daugrhter of Jonathan Smead. They settled in 
Halifax, Vermont. He was a soldier in the 
revolution, from Vermont, in Lieutenant Asa- 
hel Smith's company, marching to Fort Forti- 
tude in October, 1780, and served in 1781 in 
Captain Samuel S. Savage's company. (See 
Vermont Rev. Rolls, pp. 199, 351, 540). 

(VI) Jonathan S., son of Elijah Allen, was 
bom at Halifax, May 15, 1796, and died at 
Whiting^ham, Vermont, October 10, 1847, of 
typhoid fever. He was educated in the com- 
mon schools, and followed farming all his 
active life. He married Bridget Green, who 

Digitized by 




died at Whitingham, at an advanced age. Chil- 
dren, all born in Whitingham: i. Susan Maria, 
June 27, 1818, died at Brattleboro, Vermont; 
married John Wilcox, a carpenter, who died in 
Guilford, Vermont. 2. George Green, men- 
tioned below. 3. Harriet Lucina, born August 
25, 1822, died in Massachusetts. 4. Elijah 
Smead, born October 8. 1824, a farmer, now 
living at Jacksonville, Vermont; married 
Minerva Allen, of Ludlow, Vermont. 5. 
Morris Dwight, born July 19, 1826; a photog- 
rapher; died at Fitchburg, Massachusetts. 6. 
Benjamin, born August 31, 1828, died Septem- 
ber II, 1828. 7. Eunice Alvira, born July 25, 
1829; married Edwin Starr, of Jacksonville, 
superintendent of a tannery, and afterward a 
druggist. 8. Hannah Eliza, born January 20, 
1833, died at Guilford ; married Orson Thayer, 
of Marlboro, Vermont, a farmer there, and at 
Guilford. 9. Francis Edwin, born September 
8, 1837, died at Keene, New Hampshire; a 
jeweler. 10. James Madison, born June 29, 
1839; soldier in the civil war, enlisting from 
Rowe, Massachusetts, serving all through the 
war, now living at the Soldiers* Home, Minne- 
apolis, Minnesota. 11. Mary Jane, born Janu- 
ary 28, 1840, died at Whitingham; married 
Edwin Fuller, a farmer, director of Wilming- 
ton Bank, resides at Whitingham. 12. Charles 
Eldridge, bom June 5, 1843. 

(VII) George Green, son of Jonathan S. 
Allen, was born at Whitingham, Vermont, May 
4, 1820, died at Brattleboro, that state, July 
29, 1 89 1. He was educated in the public 
schools. He left home at the age of twenty 
and went to Westminster, Vermont, where he 
followed the trade of wheelwright for several 
years. During the next four years he was in 
the employ of the Miller Carriage Company of 
Brattleboro. He then went to North Hinsdale, 
New Hampshire, where he followed farming 
for four years, having a dairy and milk route 
there. He removed to Brattleboro and con- 
tinued for nine years in the milk business, and 
for three years in the trucking business. He 
then engaged in the manufacture of children's 
carriages in partners'hip with H. P. Green. 
After three years the firm was dissolved and 
Mr. Allen continued the business for two 
years. He then accepted a position as fore- 
man for a New York concern at Green River, 
and continued in its employ for three years. 
In politics he was a Republican. He was for 
five years a selectman of Brattleboro. He was 
active in the state militia when a young man, 
and was lieutenant of the Westminster com- 
pany several years. He attended the Congre- 
gational church. He married, in 1842, Almira 
Carpenter, who was born at Westminster, Ver- 
mont, December 25, 1823, died at Brattleboro, 

July 2^, 1901, daughter of Vine Carpenter. 
She was a direct descendant in the seventh 
generation of Governor William Bradford, of 
Plymouth, who came in the **Mayflower.'* Her 
father was a farmer. Children, born at West- 
minster: I. Candace, April 9, 1847; married 
P. F. Crown, of Whitingham, a real estate 
dealer, now living in Brattleboro. 2. George, 
1849, di^d aged nineteen years. 3. Charles 
Edwin, mentioned below. 4. Frederick, died 
aged four years. 

(VIII) Charles" Edwin, son of George 
Green Allen, was born at Westminster, Ver- 
mont, February 2, 1851. His parents removed 
to Brattleboro when he was two years old, and 
he attended the public schools there. He left 
the Brattleboro high school in 1867, and for 
two years following was clerk in a grocery 
store. For about a year he was associated 
with his father in- the manufacture of chil- 
dren's carriages, and for three years was en- 
gaged in market gardening. In 1872 he 
built two greenhouses and started a mail order 
seed business, which has grown to large pro- 
portions. He sends out ten thousand 100-page 
seed catalogues annually. He now has 16,000 
feet of glass in greenhouses, and has an exten- 
sive trade in cut flowers as well as seeds. 
Since 1906 he has been a successful builder and 
contractor, and real estate dealer and manu- 
facturer of cement blocks. In politics Mr. 
Allen is a Republican, in religion a Congre- 
gationalist. He is a member of the American 
Florists Society, of which he has been state 
vice-president for many years, and a charter 
member of the Knights of Honor. 

He married, in Brattleboro, February 16, 
1875, Emma M. Hodge, of Groton, Massachu- 
setts, daughter of RosweH Beckwith Hodge, 
a farmer and shoemaker of Groton, born Janu- 
ary 23, 1818, died at Southborough, Massa- 
chusetts, in 1907. Her father was a Repub- 
lican also. Her mother, Esther Maria (Cragin) 
Hodge, was born in New Ipswich, New Hamp- 
shire, November 18, 1826, died January, 1862, 
in Pepperill, Massachusetts, daughter of Dea- 
con Isaiah Cragin, of Groton, who died Au- 
gust 16, 1874. Isaiah Cragin married, in Ips- 
wich, October 18, 1812, Hannah Hildreth; 
married (second) April 30, 1825, Sivonia 
Davis, who died October 16, 1877. Children 
of Roswell Beckwith and Esther Maria Hodge : 
Emma. M., mentioned above; Lorenzo Cragin 
Hodge, a farmer, at Westborough, Massachu- 
setts, married Sarah ; Henrietta Davis 

Hodge, died at Andover, Massachusetts, mar- 
ried Ward. Roswell Beckwith Hodge 

married (first) Elizabeth Reading^, and (third) 

Adtlie . Children of Charles Edwin 

and Emma M. (Hodge) Allen: i. Florence 

. Digitized by 




Cragin, born December 7, 1875; graduate of 
Middlebury College, 1898; Latin teacher in 
Brattleboro high school. 2. Carroll Everett, 
born February 11, 1877; ^ farmer at White 
River Junction, Verniont ; married Rose Lynch, 
of Ludlow, Vermont, who was educated in the 
Brattleboro schools and at the Townsend Semi- 
nary. 3. Ralph George, born December 30, 
1879; clerk for his father. 4. Louis Isaiah, 
April 29, 1881 ; traveling salesman for a New 
York coffee concern; married Edith Farr, of 

The surname Bradford is 
BRADFORD derived from the name of a 

place, Bradford or Braden- 
ford. There are two ancient towns of this 
name in England, one in Wiltshire, near Bath, 
the other in Yorkshire, near Leeds. Near the 
latter was the home of the ancestors of the 
American family. In England the Bradford 
surname doubtless dates to the time when sur- 
names were first adopted in the eleventh and 
twelfth centuries. One of the first martyrs 
burned at the stake during the reign of Bloody 
Mary was John Bradford, Prend of St. Paul, 
and a celebrated preacher. Hg was born in 
Manchester, Lancashire, in 15 10, and was 
executed July i, 1555. He was a friend of 
Rogers, Hooper, Saunders, Latimer, Cranmer 
and Ridley, who also died at the stake about 
the same time. The Bradford coat-of-arms is 
described : Argent on a f esse sable, three stags' 
heads erased or. The ancestry of Governor 
William Bradford, of Plymouth colony has not 
been traced beyond his grandfather, though it 
is known that the family is ancient. 

(I) William Bradford, grandfather of Gov- 
ernor William, lived at Austerfield (Oster- 
feldt), county Nottingham, England, and in 
^575* he and John Hanson were the only sub- 
sidiaries located there. Bradford was taxed 
twenty shillings on land; Hanson, the same 
amount on goods. Governor Wilham, when a 
boy, Hved with his grandfather after his father 
died. The grandfather died at Austerfield, 
January 10, 1595-96. Children : William, men- 
tioned below ; Thomas ; Robert, baptized June 
25, 1 561, married Alice Waingate, and Gov- 
ernor William lived with him after his grand- 
father died, and in 1598 Robert was the only 
subsidiary at Austerfield; his will was dated 
April 15, 1609, and he was buried April 23 
following; Elizabeth, baptized July 16, 1570, 
married, January 20, 1595. 

(II) William (2), son of William ( i ) Brad- 
ford, was born at Austerfield, about 1565, and 
died July 15, 1 591, before his father. He mar- 
ried Alice Hanson. Children, born at Auster- 
field: Margaret, baptized March 8, 1585, died 

young; Alice, baptized October 30, 1587; Gov- 
ernor William, mentioned below. 

(III) Governor William (3) Bradford, son 
of William (2) Bradford, was baptized at 
Austerfield, March 19, 1590. After his father 
died he lived for a time with his grandfather, 
and then with his uncle Robert Bradford, who 
Hved at Scrooby, five miles from Austerfield, 
near the estate of the Brewsters, in county 
Nottingham. He joined the church where 
Rev. Richard Qifton and Rev. John Robinson 
preached, and soon became one of the leading 
Separatists. His early educational advantages 
were limited, but by diligent study he became 
very proficient in Latin, Greek, French and 
Dutch, and in Hebrew, which he learned in 
order to read the Scriptures in the original. 
He went with the Pilgrims to Holland. When 
he came of age he received considerable prop- 
erty from his father's estate, but did not suc- 
ceed him in his commercial undertakings. He 
learned the art of "fustian, or frieze weaving." 
He married, in Amsterdam, Holland, Decem- 
ber 9, 161 5, Dorothea May. He gave his age 
at tliat time as twenty-three and hers as six- 
teen. They emibarked for England, July 22, 
1620, and after many trials sailed from 
Plymouth, England, September 6, 1620, on the 
ship ^'Mayflower," reaching Cape Cod in No- 
vember. While they were at anchor and Brad- 
ford was absent from the ship, his wife fell 
overboard and was drowned, December 9, 
1620. Soon afterward Governor Carver died, 
and Bradford was elected governor of 
Plymouth colony, an office he h-eld by annual 
reelection until he died, except during the 
years 1633-34-35-38-44. He took a prominent 
part in all the councils which were held in his 
house, and all civil and military aflFairs of the 
colony. From his house at the foot of Burial 
Hill, each Sunday morning the people marched 
to the fort at the top to hold religious services. 
The history of the plantation in his hand- 
writing is now in the State Library, Boston. 
In it he gave a correct and valuable picture of 
the events of the colony and it is justly cher- 
ished as one of the greatest American histories 
as well as the first. He married (second) 
Alice (Carpenter) Southworth, widow of Ed- 
ward Southworth, and daughter of Alexander 
Carpenter, of Wrentham, England. She died 
March 26, 1670. and he died May 9, 1657. 
Child by first wife: John, of Duxbury, married 
Martha Bourne, died at Norwich, Connecticut. 
Children by second wife: William,' mentioned 
below; Mercy, married Benjanuin or Joseph 
Vermages ; Joseph, born in 1630, married Jael 

(IV) Major William (4) Bradford, son of 
Governor William (3) Bradford, was born 

Digitized by 




June i6, 1624, at Plymouth, Massachusetts, 
and died February 20, 1703. He removed to 
Kingston, Massachusetts. He was an assist- 
ant, deputy governor, and a member of the 
council of Governor Andros in 1687. He was 
the chief military officer of the colony. His 
will is dated January 29, 1703. He married 
(first) Alice Richards, who died at Plymouth, 
December 12, 1671, daughter of Thomas and 
Wealtbyan Richards, of Weymouth, Massa- 
chusetts. He married (second) the Widow 
Wiswell; (third) Mary Holmes, who died 
June 6, 1714-15, widow of Rev. John Holmes, 
of Duxbury, and daughter of John Atwood, 
of Plymouth. Children : John, mentioned be- 
low ; Thomas, of Norwich ; William, born 
March 11, 1655, died 1687; Samuel, born 
1658, died April 11, 1714; Alice, married 
Major James Fitch; Hannah, married, Novem- 
ber 28, 1683, Joshua Ripley; Mercy, married 

Steel ; Melatiah, married John Steel ; 

Mary; Sarah, married Kenelm Baker. Child 
by second wife : Joseph, of Norwich. By third 
wife: Israel, married Sarah Bartlett; David, 
married Elizabeth Penny ; Ephraim ; Hezekiah. 

(V) Major John Bradford, son of Major 
William (4) Bradford, was born February 20, 
1653, and died December 8, 1736, aged eighty- 
four. He resided at Kingston, a few rods 
from the landing. He was the first deputy to 
the general court of Massachusetts from 
Hymouth, going in 1689 and 1691. He mar- 
ried Mercy Warren, who died in March, 1747, 
aged ninety- four, daughter of Joseph and Pris- 
cilla (Faunce) Warren, and granddaughter of 
Richard Warren, who came also in the "May- 
flower." They lived tc^ether for sixty-two 
years. Children: John, born December 25, 
1675; AKce, January 28, 1677; Abigail, De- 
cember 10, 1679; Mercy, I>ecember 20, 1681 ; 
Lieutenant Samuel, mentioned below; Pris- 
cilla, March 10, 1686; William, April 15, 1688. 

(VI) Lieutenant Samuel Bradford, son of 
Major John Bradford, was born December 23, 
1683, and died March 26, 1740. He lived in 
Plymouth and married, October 21, 1714, 
Sarah Gray, daughter of Edward Gray, and 
granddaughter of Edward Gray, of Plymouth. 
She married (second) William Hunt, of Mar- 
tha's Vineyard, and died there in October, 
1770. Children: John*, bom April 8, 171 7; 
Gideon, October 2y, 1718; William, December 
16, 1720: Mary, October 16, 1722; Sarah, 
April 4, 1725 ; Dr. William, mentioned below; 
Mercy, April 12, 1731 : Abigail, June 12, 1732; 
Phebe, March 30, 1735; Samuel, April 13, 

(VH) Governor William (5) Bradford, son 
of Lieutenant Sanwiel Bradford, was bom at 
Plympton, Massachusetts, November 4, 1728. 

In early youth he gave promise of the talent 
that was afterward to make him famous. The 
natural bias of his mind at first seemed to 
incline him to the practice of medicine, and the 
best advantages were therefore afforded him 
to pursue the study of that science. At the 
age of twenty-two, under the tuition of Dr. 
Ezekiel Hersey, of Hingham, Massachusetts, 
a distinguished physician and early benefactor 
of Harvard College, he attained the best 
medical education which was possible at that 
time. "His affable and affectionate manner, 
united to his skill and success, soon gained him 
a liberal encouragement, which seldom falls to 
the lot of so young a practitioner, however 
meritorious. He was particularly well quali- 
fied in the art of surgery, was considered as 
the principal operative surgeon in the vicinity 
where he resided and in an extensive circle, 
performing difficult operations with great dex- 
terity, skill and judgment," as a writer said of 
him in Thatcher's "Medical Biography." After 
practicing a few years at Warren, Rhode 
Island, he removed to Bristol, an adjacent 
town, where a better field for the exercise of 
his alDilities awaited him. His name appears 
in the toVvn records of Bristol as early as 1758. 

In 1761 Doctor Bradford was chosen to 
represent the town of Bristol in the general 
assembly of Rhode Island, of which he was 
destined for so many years to be the most 
conspicuous member. In 1764 he was elected 
speaker. It must have been about this time 
that he began to read law. His interest in 
politics and l^islation naturally drew his atten- 
tion to the legal profession. He appears as 
Doctor Bradford for the last time in the 
records of 1767. Thereafter he was known 
and distinguished in his new profession. At 
that time the judges were seldom lawyers by 
education and training, and the success of 
attorneys depended more upon personal mag- 
netism and personaHty than on knowledge of 
the law and practice, to make an impression 
upon judges and juries. Dr. Bradford pos- 
sessed the presence and the eloquence that won 
him success in courts of law. Mr. Thacer 
says : "It may be justly said of him that very 
few ever arrived so near to superior eminence 
in two professions which required so much 
attention to a proper discharge of each." 

Dr. Bradford entered upon his political 
career during a period well suited to the un- 
usual executive ability that he possessed. The 
"times that tried men's souk" found him alive 
with patriotic fervor and eager to lead the 
movement for independence. The story of his 
life during the revolution is written on every 
page of the history of the state during that 
period. When the struggle began he was in 

Digitized by 




the general assembly; from 1775 to 1778 he 
was deputy governor; in 1778 he was again 
in the assembly from Bristol, and for many 
years he continued in the assembly resigning 
to take his place in the United States senate. 
When the committee of correspondence was 
created in May, 1773, "to obtain the most early 
and authentic intelligence of all such acts and 
resolutions of the British parliament, and 
measures of the ministry, as may relate to or 
affect the British colonies in America, and to 
maintain a correspondence and communication 
with the other colonies concerning these im- 
portant considerations," he was chosen one of 
the members. The important part he took in 
the Bristol town meetings when the arbitrary 
hand of British power was laid so heavily 
upon helpless but defiant Boston, was an in- 
spiring example to other prominent n>en. 
When the news of the battle of Lexington 
shattered the hopes of men who had hoped and 
believed in a peaceful settlement of the diffi- 
culties between the colonies and Great Britain, 
William Bradford and Nathaniel Greene were 
sent to the general assembly of Connecticut, as 
a committee to consult with the assembly of 
that colony concerning the conunon defence. 
In May, 1775, the committee of safety was 
appointed to "furnish and pay the troops, and 
with the two highest military officers, to direct 
the movements of the army of observation, if 
required to march beyond the colony." This 
committee was ccmiposed of two members 
from Providence county and one from each 
of the other counties of the state. Mr. Brad- 
ford represented Bristol county. The general 
assembly deposed Governor Wanton from 
office in November, 1775, declared the office 
of governor vacant, and elected Nicholas 
Cooke, the lieutenant-governor, to fill the 
vacancy. Bradford was elected lieutenant- 
governor in place of Governor Cooke. He was 
therefore the last deputy governor of the 
colony of Rhode Island, and the first to hold 
the same office in the indei>endent state which 
succeeded it, for, when the assembly met again. 
May 4, 1776, the act adjuring allegiance to the 
British crown was adopted. 

In October, 1776, Mr. Bradford was ap- 
pointed a delegate to the Continental congress, 
but it is not known that he ever acted with 
that body. The British fleet was then at the 
mouth of Narragansett Bay, and his presence 
in Bristol was more important than in con- 
gress. The militia ordered to the defence of 
Bristol had been placed under his orders, and 
for some time the defences of the town were 
his special charge. His appointment in that 
year as chairman of the committee to examine 
surgeons and surgeon's mates for the army and 
navy, was a wise selection. That he never lost 

his interest in surgery is shown by the fact that 
he assisted in dressing the wound of Colonel 
Barton at the time Bristol was burned in 1778. 
When the report spread that the British, after 
the taking of Newport, meant to march to 
Boston, a convention of three delegates from 
each of the New England states met at Provi- 
dence, December 25, 1776, and Bradford was 
one of the three from Rhode Island. He was 
also one of three delegates from Rhode Island 
at a convention in Springfield "to consider the 
subject of the currency and the defence of 
Rhode Island.'' In 1777 Mr. Bradford was 
placed in charge of leasing the estates of Tories ; 
in October, 1779, he was one of the council of 
war ; in July, 1780, he was elected to a conven- 
tion of the New England states held in Boston 
for the purpose of providing means for fur- 
nishing supplies to the French allies. Four 
months later a convention called for a similar 
purpose met at Hartford and advised, after 
two weeks of deliberation, that recruits be 
enlisted for the war, instead of for a fixed 
period, and embodied its views of the general 
condition of the country in ten resolutions, 
which were sent to the several states. Mr. 
Bradford was president of this important con- 
vention. In October, 1792, he was elected to 
the United States senate, and he served the 
state until 1797, when he resigned. Imme- 
diately afterward he was elected again from 
Bristol to the general assembly, and regularly 
reelected until 1804. For eighteen years 
(longer than any other man) he was speaker 
of the house of representatives of the colony 
and state of Rhode Island, and for thirty-five 
years he represented Bristol in that body. "He 
entered the colonial assembly when his frame 
was young and strong, and his pulses were 
leaping with the superabundant vigor of early 
manhood. He died at Bristol, July 6, 1808. 
Not until his eyes had grown dim, until his 
hair was silveredi with the frosts of age and his 
shoulders bent with the weight of almost four- 
score years, did he withdraw from the public 
service." He was visited by General Wash- 
ington in 1793, at Mount Hope Farm, formerly 
owned by Isaac Royal, a Tory, and confiscated 
by the state. 

He married, March 22, 1751, Mary Le- 
Baron, born March 20, 1731, died October 2, 
1775, daughter of Lazarus LeBaron, grand- 
daughter of Francis LeBaron, the immigrant. 
Children : William, rrientioned below ; Lazarus 
LeBaron, born May 31, 1755; Mary, Septem- 
ber 2, 1760; Hannah, November 22, 1762, died 
young; Samuel, July 15, 1764, died young; 
Hannah, June 14, 1767; John, July 14, 1768; 
Ann Bowman, August 6, 1770; Ezekiel Her- 
sey, March 8, 1772; Lydia, April 11, 1774. 

(VIII) Major William (6) Bradford, son 

Digitized by 




of Governor WiHiam (5) Bradford, was born 
in Bristol, September 15, 1752, and died Octo- 
ber 29, 181 1. He was commissioned major 
during the revolution, and served on the staff 
of General Charles Lee. He was a charter 
member of the Order of the Cincinnati, 
founded by Washington, after the revolution. 
He lived at Taunton, Rehoboth, and finally at 
Bristol. He was a judge of the county court 
for many years. He married, Jtily 11, 1777, 
Betsey Bloom James, who was born in Eng- 
land, and died December 17, 1832. Children: 
Mary, born in Taunton, December 30, 1778; 
William, mentioned below; Elizabeth Bloom, 
February 18, 1785, in Rehoboth; Henry, Feb- 
ruary 18, 1787, at Rehoboth, died at sea, un- 
married, 1808; Peter; James, February 6, 
1790, died at sea, unmarried, 1808; John 
WyHys, December 26, 1793, died October 12, 
1819; Sarah, January 19, 1799, at Bristol. 

(IX) Captain William (7) Bradford, son 
of Major William (6) Bradford, was bom at 
Rehoboth, Massachusetts, February 2, 1781, 
and died April 23, 1851. He was a sea cap- 
tain and merchant, residing at Bristol, Rhode 
Island. He married, February i, 1804, Mary 
Smith, born December 10, 1782, died Noven>- 
ber 6, 1869, daughter of Nathaniel and Parnell 
Smith. Children, bom at Bristol: William 
Parnell, bom May 29, 1805, died February 7, 
1872, married, August 2, 1827, Rebecca G. 
Nooning; Edward James, September 20, 1806, 
died November 23, 1822 ; Allen Taylor S., men- 
tioned below ; Nancy Smith, April 7, 181 1 ; 
Mary, June 29, 181 3; Peter James, E)ecember 
3i» 1815. 

(X) Allen Taylor Smith Bradford, son of 
Captain William (7) Bradford, was bom at 
Bristol, September 2, 1808, and died there 
April 7, 1852. He learned the carpenter's 
trade, and later became a contractor and 
builder, building many of the substantial resi- 
dences in Bristol and vicinity. He was a mem- 
ber of St. Michael's Episcopal Church of 
Bristol. He married, August 26, 1833, Mar- 
garet Diman, daughter of Captain Jeremiah 
Diman (see Diman). Children: Mary Abby, 
born July 7, 1835, married, in 1853, A. Winsor 
Gooding; Sarah, August 25, 1837, resides at 
No. 36 Constitution street, Bristol ; Allen Tay- 
lor, August 5, 1840. died at Matanzas, Cuba, 
August 14, 1857; Margaret Diman, mentioned 

(XI) Margaret Diman Bradford, daughter 
of Allen Taylor Smith Bradford, was born at 
Bristol, May 13, 1843. She married, May 22, 
187 1, George F. Stanton, who died December 
I, i8g6. Mr. Stanton was born at Newport, 
Rhode Island, and came to Bristol when a 
child, attending the public schools there, and 

early in life learned telegraphy in the offices of 
the Bristol & Providence railroad. He was 
afterward appointed station agent. He was a 
Free Mason, an able, intelligent, upright and 
useful citizen, a popular and highly esteemed 
man. The only child of Mr. and Mrs. Stan- 
ton was Emma Bradford Stanton, born No- 
vember 3, 1873; graduate of Brown Univer- 
sity, with the degree of Bachelor of Arts, in 
1896; received the degree of Master of Arts 
in 1900; registrar of the Woman's College, 
Brown University, since 1898; elected to the 
Brown Phi Beta Kappa Chapter in 1903. 

(The Diman Line). 

This surname is variously spelled in the 
early records — Diman, Dimand, Dimon, De- 
mon, Dement, Deming, Dymond, Diamond, 
Dyamont, Deamon, Deamond, and doubtless 
in many other ways. John Diman, immigrant, 
settled at Lynn, Massachusetts, before 1647, 
and removed to Kittery, Maine. John Diman, 
brother of Thomas, mentioned below, was a 
settler at Wethersfield, Connecticut, before 
1635, was a prominent citizen and left many 

(I) Thomas Dimond, or Dymond, with his 
brother John, settled early at Wethersfield, 
Connecticut, removing to Farmington in that 
province, and thence to Southampton and 
E^sthampton, Long Island, New York. He 
married, July 24, 1645, Mary Sheaffe. He 
was of Southampton in 1655-58, and his name 
was there spelled Diament in the records. Be- 
fore November 12, 1663. he had moved to 
Easthampton, and that date bought lands of 
John Handi in that town. He was called 
"senior'' in the records. His home lot in East- 
hampton contained thirteen acres, and he 
owned other tracts of land. His name is spelled 
Diamon, Diament and Dyament, in the East- 
hampton records. He* died in 1683, and the 
court of sessions in March of that year accepted 
as his will four deeds of gift disposing of his 
real estate. The first deed, dated August 21, 
1677, binds the grantor to convey certain lands 
to his son James, in view of a proposed mar- 
riage of the son to the daughter of Minister 
James, to be retained by grantor and wife dur- 
ing their lives. The second deed, December 
27, 1680, conveys furniture and personal prop- 
erty. The third, July 28, 1682, gives more 
land to James, in view of the death of grantor's 
son John, and charges James and grantor's 
wife Mary to pay small legacies to daughters, 
Sarah Headly, of New Jersey; Abigail, Han- 
nah Bird, Ruth Dayton, and Elizabeth Miller. 
The fourth instrument, also dated July 28, 
1682, conveys land to son Thomas. After the 
death of Thonws Sr. the estate was settled by 

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agreement signed by Minister James, the 
widow, and Edward Howell. Children: 
James, mentioned below; John, died before 
his father; Thomas, Sarah, Abigail, Hannah, 
Ruth and Elizabeth. 

(H) James, son of Thomas Dimond, was 
born in 1646. He settled with his father at 
Easthampton. He married, in 1677, Hannah 
James, daughter of Rev. Thomas James, of 
Charlestown, Massachusetts. Both are men- 
tioned in her father's will, date June 5, 1696. 
He died at Easthampton, December 13, 1721. 
His sons were: Nathaniel, married Lois 
Hedges; Thomas, of whom further; John, 
born 1690, died 1764. 

(HI) Thomas (2), son of James Dimond, 
was born in Easthampton, Long Island, in 
1680; married, January 14, lyofnyj, Hannah 
Finney, born January 14, 1687-88, died 1744, 
daughter of Jeremiah and Esther Finney. Her 
mother was a daughter of Thomas and Mary 
Lewis, of Bristol, Rhode Island; her father, 
Jeremiah, was born August 15, 1662, at Barn- 
stable, married, January 7, 1684, died at 
Bristol, February 18, 1748, a freeman and 
shipmaster. John Finney, father of Jeremiah, 

married (first) Christina , who died at 

Plymouth, September 9, 1648; (second) June 
10, 1650, Abigail (Coggin) Bishop, widow of 
Thomas Bishop and daughter of Henry Cog- 
gin; (third) June 26, 1654, Elizabeth Bailey, 
who died at Bristol, February 9, 1683-84. The 
Finney family came from England before 
1639. Thomas Dimond removed to Bristol in 
1 71 2, and his wife died there, December 22, 
1744. Children, of whom the first four were 
born at Easthampton; John; Rebecca; Jona- 
than-, deacon of First Church of Plymouth, 
Massachusetts, died February 25, 1797; Jere- 
miah, of Bristol : Rev. James, born November 
29, 1707, died October 8, 1788, minister of 
Second Church, Salem; Phebe, born 1717, died 
September 14, 1789; Lucretia, born 1719, died 
January 31, 1790, married Richard Smith; 
Daniel, died December 16, 1797. 

(IV) Jeremiah, son of Thomas (2) Dimond, 
was born in 1710, and married. May 13, 1733, 
Sarah Giddings. They joined the Bristol 
church May 13, 1741. He died November 10, 
1798; she died October 30, 1790, aged eighty- 
one. Children, born at Bristol: Nathaniel, 
January 29, 1734; James, October 9, 1735, died 
January 4, 1791, married Anna LaFavor; 
Sarah, February 11. 1738, nmrried John Law- 
less; Jeremiah, July 13, 1740, a soldier in the 
French war, died in the service, November, 
1760, at Albany; Jonathan, October 19, 1742, 
married, October 12, 1771, Dorothy Fales; 
Hannah. October 19, 174^, married, October 
29, 1761, George Oxx; William, December 10, 

1744 ; Joseph, mentioned below ; Thomas, mar- 
ried (first) Saloma Foster, (second) Elizabeth 
Waldron; Benjamin, major in the revolution, 
died December 31, 1777, married Hope Turner. 

(V) Joseph Diman (as the name is com- 
monly spelled in this branch of the family), 
son of Jeremiah Dimond, born about 1748, 
married, November 26, 1767, Margaret, eldest 
daughter of Captain Mark Anthony De Wolf, 
of Bristol, who was a descendant of Balthasar 
De Wolf, of Hartford, 1656 (the first known 
ancestor in America of the Rhode Island De 
Wolfs), through Edward and Charles De Wolf 
(2), of Guadaloupe, one of the French West 
Indies. They had children : Royal, born May 
26, 1768; Jeremiah, mentioned below; Mar- 
garet, bom December 27, 1773, who mar- 
ried Captain Isaac Liscomb, and has a grand- 
son in Providence, Mr. Isaac Liscombe; 
Joseph, born in 1780, who died in July, 1784; 
Joseph (2), born in 1785, who died in June, 
1804; and Marian, born October 19, 1789, who 
died in 1799. Mrs. Diman died January 7, 
181 1, and Mr. Diman passed away October 19, 

(VI) Captain Jeremiah Diman, son of 
Joseph Diman, born March 26, 1770, married, 
June 10, 1794, Abigail Munro, daughter of 
Edward and Sarah, and had children: James, 
born March 15, 1795; Harry, March 24, 1798; 
Mary, April 17, 1800, married, August 6, 1822, 
Captain John Smith; Abigail, September 3, 
1802, married, January 26, 1822, Henry Fales ; 
Margaret, April i, 1809, married Allen Taylor 
S. Bradford (q. v.) ; and Sarah, September 15, 
181 1, married, October 17, 1830, Captain Blif- 
fin, and died December 17, 1899, leaving no 

Captain Jeremiah Diman also followed the 
sea and was a master mariner. At the time 
of his birth and those of the other children of 
the family his parents lived in a house that 
stood on the southeast corner of Hope and 
Constitution streets. His mother, however, at 
the time of her death, was living in a house 
which is still standing on the southwest comer 
of Hope and Court streets. The fine residence 
.known as the "Diman Mansion," which once 
stood uix)n Thames street, just north of the 
store of William R. Taylor, was built by one 
of the two sons, Captain Royal Diman or Cap- 
tain Jeremiah. Of the "Diman Wharf," which 
extended from this place, little now remains. 
Captain Jeremiah Diman died June 30, 1831. 
From him and his brother, Captain Royal 
Diman, have descended the numerous Bristol 
families of that name, and the blood has been 
also per|>etuated through their sister, Mrs. 
Margaret Liscomb. 

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The family name of Dring is of 
DRING English origin, members of which 
were prominent in the annals of 
the mother country, being frequently and hon- 
orably' mentioned among the English peerage. 
The family crest is represented by a phoenix 
in flames, on a chapeau. 

In this country the name has been prcMna- 
nently identified with Rhode Island from' the 
earliest beginnings in its history down to the 
present time. It is little found outside of New 
England, . being chiefly confined to Rhode 
Island and those sections of Massachusetts 
adjacent thereto. It is, however, most honor- 
ably associated in both civic and military life, 
and was especially conspicuous in both the 
colonial and revolutionary wars, as well as 
those of latter periods. The marriage alliances 
of this family have also been with families of 
historic importance, including those of Alden, 
Brownell and Perry. The latter gave to this 
nation the distinguished brothers. Commodore 
Oliver Hazard Perry, of Lake Erie fame, and 
Matthew Calbraith Perry, U. S. N., who nego- 
tiated our peace relations with Japan; while 
from the Brownell family came the distin- 
guished churchman, the Rt. Rev. Thomas 
Church Brownell, D. D., LL. D., bishop of the 
Protestant Episcopal church. More could be 
said of other families allied with this Dring 
family, suffice it, however, to add that some of 
Its coiuiections are traced to the historic "May- 
flower,*' arinong them being the Alden and Mul- 
lins f^miilies, the late Charles Perry Dring, the 
subject of this review, having been a direct 
descendant in the eighth generation through 
John Dring and Esther Perry (VII) ; Philip 
Dring and Ruth Stoddard (VI) ; Thomas 
Dring and Sarah Searle (V) ; Nathaniel Searle 
and Sarah Rogers (IV); John Rogers and 
Elizabeth Pabodie (III) ; William Pabodie and 
Elizabeth Alden (II), of John Alden and Pris- 
cilla Mullins (I), of the "Mayflower," whose 
courtship has been made famous by Long- 
fellow's poem. 

The Dring family also furnished its brave 
and distinguished men during the colonial and 
revolutionary wars, among them Nathaniel 
Dring, who was a soldier of the revolution and 
a pensioner for his services ; he died at New- 
port, in February, 1822; the census of 1840 
proves that he was a pensioner, and that his 
widow, a pensioner, was a resident of Tiver- 
ton, Rhode Island, and was there living with 
Thomas Dring, and was aged seventy-two 
years ; Thomas Dring who served as a gunner 
on the sloop "Success" during the revolution- 
ary war, and Philip Dring, born in 1730, was 
a lieutenant of troop of horse, Captain Gideon 
Almy's company, in the same war. To this 

family also belonged the courageous Thomas 
Dring, who was born August 3, 1758, at New- 
port, and died August 8, 1825, at Providence, 
Rhode Island. He was a seafaring man before 
or during the exciting times of the revolution!, 
as he was so engaged at the time of that great 
war, and at least twice was made a prisoner 
by the enemy. In his "Recollections of the 
Jersey Prison Ship," which was prepared in 
manuscript by him in 1824, and afterward 
arranged and edited for publication by Albert 
G. Greene, he says in part : 

I was first immuned in 1779 on board the "Good 
Hope," then lying in the North river, opposite New 
York, but after confinement of more than four 
months I succeeded in making my escape to the 
Jersey shore. Afterward, in 1782, 1 was again cap- 
tured and conveyed on board the "Jersey," where 
for nearly five months I was a witness and partaker 
of the unspeakable sufferings of that wretched class 
of American prisoners who were there taught the 
utmost extent of human misery. I sailed from 
Providence, R. I., in May, 1782, as master's mate 
on board the privateer called the "Chance." This 
was a new vessel on her first voyage. She was 
owned in Providence by Clarke & Nightingale, 
and was commanded by Capt. Daniel Aborn, 
mounted with twelve six-pound cannon, and sailed 
with a complement of about sixty-five men. Our 
cruise was but a short one, for in a few days after 
sailing we were captured by the British ship-of-war, 
the "Belisarius," Capt. Graves, of twenty-six guns. 

Mate Dring went on to say that the capture 
was made in the night, that the captured crew, 
having been taken on board the enemy's ship, 
were put in irons the next morning, that they 
were later taken to the "Jersey,** where the 
long and dreadful confinement began. Suffice 
it to add here that the "Jersey** was originally 
a British ship of the line rated and registered 
as a sixty-four gunship, but had mounted sev- 
enty-four guns. At the commencement of the 
revolution, being an old vessel and proving to 
be much decayed, she was entirely dismantled 
and soon after moored in the East river at 
New York and converted into a storeship. In 
1780 she was billed as a prisonship and was 
used for that purpose during the remainder of 
the war. She was moored with chain cables at 
the Wall, a solitary and unfrequented place 
on the shore of Long Island. This prisonship 
"Jersey** and the treatment of its prisoners, as 
set forth by the work alluded to, bore much 
akin to the horrors of the Southern prisons, 
Libby and Andersonville, during the civil war. 
It has been estimated, according to this work 
alluded to, that more than 10,000 died on board 
the "Jersey** and its three hospital ships. Dur- 
ing the confinement of Mate Dring, according 
to his account, the vessel was never visited by 
any clergyman nor were divine services ever 
performed on her. After being released from 

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captivity, Mate Dring entered the merchant 
service and soon attained command of a ship. 
He sailed from the port of Providence for 
many years and was well known as an able and 
ex|>erienced officer. In 1803 he retired from 
his nautical service and soon after established 
himself in business in Providence, where he 
resided during the remainder of his life and 
died there, as stated, in 1825. 

Among others of this family who have dis- 
tinguished themselves in various ways may be 
mentioned Benjamin Dring, who served as a 
seaman on the ship "Caesar," of 130 tons, 
which vessel took part in the Louisburg expedi- 
tiort, he being a member of her crew when she 
was sent to Cape Ann in 1745, where they 
were to take orders from Governor Shirley, 
and then proceed to Cape Breton to aid in 
overthrowing the enemy ; and as well, Benja- 
min Dring, who left his home in Newport to 
join Commodore Perry on Lake Erie, after 
which famous battle he was never heard of, 
although he took a prominent part therein, 
having enlisted as a seaman in July, 1812, on 
the "Niagara,*' to which vessel Commodore 
Perry was rowed across the open water in an 
open boat from the sinking ship "Lawrence," 
floating his flag from the mast of the former- 
named vessel, and from which vessel he con- 
tinued to direct the vessels of his fleet finally 
resulting in such a signal victory over the 

Another of the family who won distinction 
in the business world was the late Charles 
Perry Dring, who was born in Newport, Rhode 
Island, and who for a period of over sixty 
years was one of the well-known and promi- 
nent business men of his adopted city. Fall 
River, Massachusetts, one who worked his way 
from a poor boy to position and influence in 
that community, and himself a witness to and 
participant in the great changes wrought in 
that city in those years. 

(I) The first record of the name in Amer- 
ica appears in Little Compton, Rhode Island, 
then a part of Massachusetts, in the record of 
the marriage of Thomas Dring. He was born 
in 1666, and married at Little Compton, May 
21, 1696, Mary Butler, who was bom in 1670. 
They resided in that town, where the follow- 
ing children are recorded: John, born April 
12, 1697; Mary, April 23, 1699; died in May, 
1786; Mercy, born July 23, 1 701; Thomas, 
mentioned below; Elizabeth, bom May 16, 
1706; Nathaniel, April 17, 1707; Priscilla, 
March 8, 1709; Azariah, March 27, 1710; 
Ruth, February 3, 1712; Bathsheba, August 
16, 171 5, died in March, 1790; Freelove, born 
March i, 1720. 

(II) Thomas (2), second son of Thomas 

NE— 18 

(i) and Mary (Butler) Dring, was bom April 

23, 1704, in Little Compton, where he made 
his home until his death, April 16, 1787. He 
married, June 28, 1725, Sarah Searle, born 
April 2, 1700, and died Febmary 16, 1783, 

. daughter of Nathaniel and Sarah (Rogers) 
Searle, the last named being a daughter of 
John and Elizabeth (Pabodie) Rogers. Eliza- 
beth Pabodie was a daughter of William and 
Elizabeth ( Alden) Pabodie, the latter a daugh- 
ter of John Alden and Priscilla Mullins, of the 
"Mayflower." (Thildren of Thomas and Sarah 
Dring: Tabitha, born October 22, 1726; Ben- 
jamin, November 27, 1727; Philip, mentioned 
below; Hannah, September 14, 1732; Nathan- 
iel, September 4, 1734; Abigail, April 30, 
1736; Mary, 1737, died October 18^ 1822. 

(III) Philip, second son of Thomas (2) 
and Sarah (Searle) Dring, was bom Septem- 
ber 7> 1730* J" Little Compton, and was a 
prominent citizen of that town. He was lieu- 
tenant of a troop of horse in Captain Gideon 
Almy's company in the revolution. A collateral 
descendant of this family. Captain Thomas* 
Dring, the seafaring man, was twice captured 
by the British and made a prisoner on the 
"Jersey Prison Ship." Philip Dring married, 
December 19, 1751, Ruth Stoddard, daughter 
of Jonathan and Mary (Dring) Stoddard. 
She was born October i, 1733, and died July 

24, 1816, having been the mother of the follow- 
ing children: Delany, born June 30, 1753; 
married Robert Woodworth; John, born De- 
cember 15, 1754, died November 5, 1775; 
Hannah, born February 3, 1757, married Peter 
Holt; Philip, born April 23, 1759, died April 
10, 1766; Nathaniel, born March 29, 1761, 
married Susanna Brownell ; Ruth, born June 
26, 1763, died in 1766; Benjamin, bom in 
1765, died in 1766; Ruth (2), bom April 18, 
1767, married Ebenezer Clarke; Philip, born 
August 29, 1769; Sarah Searle, bom June i, 
1772, died April 13, 1859; John, mentioned 
below ; and Deborah, bom March 22, 1777. 

(IV) John, youngest son of Philip and 
Ruth (Stoddard) Dring, was bom November 
4, 1775, in Little Compton, and died in New- 
port, Rhode Island, July 17, 1855. He fol- 
lowed the sea in his early life and subsequently 
engaged in teaming and farming, residing in 
Newport. He married Esther Perry, who was 
born in South Kingston, Rhode Island, in 
1782, and died in Newport, August 20, 1820^ 
daughter of Edward Perry. Their children,, 
all born in Newport, were: Philip, May 24,. 
1802, died February 22, 1891 ; Abby Gardner,. 
December 10, 1805, died unmarried, October 
28, 1898, in her ninety-third year; Charles 
Perry, mentioned below; Mary, October 7, 
1810, died unmarried, March 23. 1882; Ruth, 

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July 7, 1813, died unmarried, January 16, 
1855; Frances, October i, 181 5, died unmar- 
ried, April 15, 1839; Sarah, October 4, 1817, 
died April 15, 1818; Harriet, May 9, 1819, 
died October 15, 1820. 

(V) Charles Perry, second son of John and 
Esther (Perry) Dring, was born June 12, 1808, 
in the Dring homestead on Levin street, New- 
port, Rhode Island, and acquired the rudi- 
ments of his early education in the neighbor- 
hood school, then known as the *iittle red 
school house." His boyhood being passed near 
the shores of the Atlantic, with its waters and 
ships constantly in sight, and with such an 
ancestry as his, it was but natural that the 
bend of his mind and tastes should be seaward. 
At the age of fifteen years he went to Stoning- 
ton, Connecticut, where he shipped for a seal- 
ing voyage around Cape Horn, thence to the 
Antarctic regions, the expedition occupying 
about one and one-half years and resulting 
successfully, the vessel returning with twenty- 
seven thousand seal skins. He made a second 
•voyage, this one being to the Mediterranean in 
a ship from Bristol, Rhode Island, which took 
aboard sugar from Cuba to Triest. Subse- 
quently he made a voyage from his native town 
to Cuba* thence to New Orleans, and from 
there to New York. These four years passed, 
as it were, upon the bosom pf the deep, satisfied 
his nautical inclinations, for at the age of nine- 
teen years, in 1827, he is found beginning the 
calling in life which proved to be one for 
which he was admirably fitted, one in which 
he excelled and made for himself a reputation, 
gaining both position and wealth. This begin- 
ning, and we may say ending, was at Fall 
River, Massachusetts, for his long, busy and 
honorable career was passed at that point. He 
became employed in 1827 at the Fall River 
Foundry, then operated by Newell & Wood- 
ward, but which three years later fell into the 
possession of the Fall River Iron Works 
Company, Mr. Dring being transferred to 
the latter, with which he remained a most 
trusted employee and official until about 1866, 
his services with practically the new concern 
covering the long period of thirty-nine years. 
Along in the middle of the forties John Kil- 
burn, a native of New Hampshire, had com- 
menced the manufacture at Fall River of cot- 
ton looms, and as well what was known as 
the '*Fourne>Ton turbine," the latter a French 
invention which was being introduced into the 
New England mills. Mr. Kilburn died in 1846, 
and his brother, Elijah C. Kilburn, came to 
Fall River, and in conjunction with his 
brother's widow continued the business. Not 
being a practical mechanic himself, he asso- 
ciated with them in the business, in 1847, Jona- 
than Lincoln, forming the firm of E. C. Kil- 

burn & Company. In 1856, Henry Qay Lin- 
coln, a son of Jonathan, was taken into the 
concern, and the business was continued under 
the firm name of Kilburn, Lincoln & Company, 
who subsequently built a new and commodious 
plant for their increasing business. At this 
time, in 1866 or 1867, Charles P. Dring was 
admitted to partnership, bringing with him 
the ripe experience earned in his nearly forty 
years of service with the Fall River Iron 
Works Company, and whose reputation as a 
most honorable man and practical mechanic 
played no little part in the success this concern 
afterward attained. Andrew Liscumb, a son- 
in-law of Mr. Lincoln, was also at this time 
admitted a partner of the concern, the firm 
name then assuming the style of Kilburn, Lin- 
coln & Company, which had a paid-up capital 
of $80,000. The new plant of this concern, 
built in 1867, and which was complete and 
modem in all of its departments, covered some 
three himdred rods of land conveniently 
located at the corner of Annawan and Canal 
streets, near the railroad and tide water. As 
to the further history of this enterprise, with 
which, by the way, Mr. Dring continued, and 
in an official capacity as a director, through 
the remainder of his lifetime, and in which 
his son, the late Charles H. Dring, was schooled 
and became identified with it, remaining for 
many years, it is enough to say that it became 
and is now one of the largest and most mod- 
ernly equipped plants of its kind in this coun- 

The life of the late Charles Perry Dring 
spannei almost the whole of the industrial 
life of the now great manufacturing center of 
Fall River, with its many thousands of busy 
spindles. Coming to the place, as he did, when 
it was a mere village, he witnessed its rapid 
and wonderful growth to a city of thousands, 
and was an active participant in the scenes 
which wrought these great changes. His k)ng, 
active, busy career is so interwoven with the 
city's history as to be a part of it. His career 
is one that will be the more interesting and 
shine with greater lustre to the readers of it in 
coming years. Of a good, illustrious ancestry 
and early training, Mr. Dring became a man of 
character; unitingr with the church, he threw 
his influence on the side of right and his ex- 
ample and life were an inspiration to many. 
Beginning life, as he did, in a most humble 
way, and rising through sheer force of his 
make-up to position and wealth, he knew how 
to sympathize with those who were struggling 
at the threshold as did he. and they in turn 
seeing his success, saw hope and gathered in- 

Mr. Dring was a man of a tender heart and 
sympathies, and aided in more ways than one 

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the poor of the community. He was a gentle- 
man of the old school, of whom so few are 
now left. He was modest, unpretentious, kind, 
courteous and withal a dignified gentleman. 
He treated all alike — ^the high and the low, 
the rich and the poor, were but one to him, 
all alike, worthy of respect and courteous 
treatment, and thus with all he was popular 
and was admired for his true worth. As a 
business man he was able, one of foresight, 
i standing high in business circles. He was 
honorable and high-minded, a man of strictest 
integrity, and as a citizen his character was 
above reproach. In his home, whose fireside 
with his family about him he dearly loved, he 
was an affectionate husband and loving father, 
whose children might well often rise to the 
occasion of calling his memory blessed. 

Mr. Dring was one of the original promoters 
of the Union Mills enterprise, which was 
started in Fall River in 1859, was one of the 
directors at the time of its failure, and lost a 
large portion of his hard-earned property by 
indorsing for this concern. He was also a 
director for many years of the Union National 
Bank, and of the Citizens' Savings Bank, until 
obliged by increasing infirmities to resign from 
these boards. In 1837 Mr. Dring became, a 
member of the Franklin Street Christian 
Church at Fall River, of which he continued to 
be a valued and worthy member and liberal 
supporter until his death. 

On January 3, 1833, Mr. Dring was united 
in marriage to Miss Maria Brownell, a native 
of Little Compton, Rhode Island, born March 
9, 1 81 2, daughter of Humphrey and Sarah 
(Head) Brownell, and a direct descendant of 
Thomas Brownell, who is of record at Ports- 
mouth, Rhode Island, as early as 1647, and 
who was for a number of years commissioner 
from that town, and in 1664 represented it in 
the colonial assembly. From this Thomas 
Brownell descended Sylvester Brownell, 
through the former's son Thomas Brownell 
(2), who was one of the original proprietors 
of Little Compton. Sylvester Brownell was 
one of the thousand minute-men whom the 
gallant Prescott led to the heights of Bimker 
Hill on the memorable night of June 16, 1775, 
and was in the battle the following day. He 
was one of the survivors present at the laying 
of the cornerstone of Bunker Hill monument, 
June 17, 1825. Mrs. Maria (Brownell) Dring 
passed away at the family home in Fall River, 
Massachusetts, December 27, 1866. She was a 
true woman, one of fine qualities, whose moral 
worth was an influence for good in the com- 
munity in which she lived and moved. Mr. 
Dring survived his devoted wife almost twenty- 
five years, dying at his Jiome* in Fall River, 
May 7, 1891, in the eighty-third year of his 

age. Two children were born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Dring in Tiverton, Rhode Island: Charles 
Humphrey, August 6, 1841, and Caroline Au- 
gusta, June 17, 1846. The latter resided in 
Fall River, unmarried, having devoted her life 
to the care of her parents, the memory of 
whom she continued to honor until her death. 
Miss Dring died in Washington, D. C, April 
18, 1913. 

(VI) Charles Humphrey, only son of the 
late Charles Perry and Maria (Brownell) 
Dring, was born August 6, 1841, in the town 
of Tivprton, Rhode Island. He acquired a 
common school education, after which he fur- 
thered his studies by attendance at the Andover 
(New Hampshire) Seminary. He was reared 
in Fall River, Massachusetts, the home of the 
family, and in time learned the business in 
which his father was engaged, entering in 
1866 or 1867 the concern with which his father 
was connected, that of Kilbum, Lincoln & 
Company, machinists and founders, at Fall 
River, the history and description of whose 
business is set forth in the foregoing. Mr. 
Dring, as had his father before him, started in 
the business at the bottom, learning the trade 
of molder, and gradually worked his way up- 
ward until he became a member of the firm. 
He worked for some years simply as a 
mechanic, then became foreman, and, as stated, 
finally was admitted as an interested party in 
the business, succeeding his father. His efforts 
in the various capacities in which he served 
were crowned with success, and at the time of 
his death he was possessed of considerable 
property. Owing to the condition of his 
health he retired from the corporation some 
years prior to his death. Mr. Dring was inter- 
ested and identified with a number of fraternal 
organizations. He was a member of the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks at 
Fall River, in which he had held various offices, 
being a past exalted ruler ; he was a member 
of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and 
at one time was prominent in the circles of 
that order, and he was also a member of the 
Masonic fraternity, as well as various other 
social and fraternal societies. 

Dr. Dring never married. For some years 
prior to his death he made his home on 
Wheeler avenue, at Edgewood, Providence, 
Rhode Island, where he lived quietly, in the 
companionship of a few intimate friends. Here 
he passed away March 15, 1907, when in the 
sixty-sixth year of his age. 

Thomas Durfee, the immigrant 
DURFEE ancestor, was born in England, 

in 1643, and came to this coun- ' 
try in 1660. He settled in the town of Ports- 
mouth, Rhode Island. He married as early 

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as 1664, and died in 17 12, aged about seventy 
years. Children, born at Portsmouth : Robert, 
March 11, 1665, married in 1686-87, Mary 
Sanford; Thomas, married Ann Freeborn, of 
Portsmouth ; William, mentioned below ; Ben- 
jamin, married Prudence Earle, in 1699, in- 
herited land in Fall River and became wealthy 
for his time. 

(11^ William, son of Thomas Durfee, was 
born m Portsmouth, Rhode Island, in 1673, 
and died at Tiverton, in 1727. He married 

(first) Ann , who died at Tiverton; 

(second) Mary ^ His will was proved 

June 7, 1727. Children by first wife, born at 
Tiverton: David, mentioned below; Samuel, 
March i, 1702; Joseph, 1705, made his will 
November 14, 1731, bequeathing to his brother 
Samuel. Child by second wife: Abigail. 

(HI) David, son of William Durfee, was 
born at Tiverton, Rhode Island, March i, 1700, 
and died there March i, 1788. He married, 
April 16, 1726, Abigail Wing, of Dartmouth, 
bom July, 1701, died at Tiverton, July 4, 1792. 
Children, bom at Tiverton, probably not in 
order of birth: David, April 9, 1739; William, 
mentioned below ; Elizabeth, married July 6, 
1761, George Westgate, Jr.; Mary, married 
William Carder ; Wing ; Abigail ; Rebecca. 

( IV) Captain William Durfee, son of David 
Durfee, was born at Tiverton, March 10, 1730, 
and died at East KilKngly, Connecticut, Febru- 
ary 10, 1816. He followed- the sea ^d be- 
came a master mariner. In 1772 he removed 
tp Killingly, where he followed farming the 
rest of his life. For many years he was in the 
merchant marine, commanding vessels sailing 
from Newport, Rhode Island, to Dutch Guiana 
and other foreign ports, among which may be 
mentioned Surinam and Essequibo. He mar- 
ried, at. Tiverton, June 12, 1756, Eunice Bowen, 
of Tiverton, daughter of Richard and Remem- 
brance Bowen, of an old Rehobbth family. 
Their first seven children were born at Tiver- 
ton, the others at Killingly, Children : Abnef ; 
David; Benjamin, mentioned below; Joseph; 
Humphrey; Philip; Thomas; Ruth; Hannah; 
Abigail; Nancy, January 22, 1779; Eunice, 
1783; Mathew, died young; William, died 
young; William (2), died young; child, died in 
infancy. From an obituary notice of Captain 
William, in the Patriot of Providence, we 
quote: "He had arrived at the' good old age of 
eighty-five years and eleven months, and dur- 
ing the whole of his long pilgrimage was char- 
acterized by those bright virtues— charity, 
benevolence, meekness and cheerfulness. He 
was upright in his dealings and met the ap- 
proach of death without a murmur." 

(V) Benjamin, son of Captain William 
Durfee, was born at Tiverton, Rhode Island, 

October 25, 1761, and died at Killingly, Con- 
necticut, December i, 1847. He received a 
common school education, and durin^^his yt)uth 
worked on his father's farm in Killmgly. He 
also learned the trade of cooper. He married, 
at Killingly, in 1798, Lydia Russell, who was 
born at Killingly, January 31, 1776, and died 
October 13, 1&4, daughter of John and Lydia 
(Bassett) Russell. John Russell, her father, 
served in the revolutionary war from Connecti- 
cut for six months. Children of Benjamin and 
Lydia (Russell) Durfee, born at Killingly: 
Sanford, mentioned below; Dr. Henry, Sep- 
tember I, 1802, resided at Killingly, where he 
married and had two sons; William Russell, 
January 21, 1809, married, and had five chil- 
dren, four sons and one daughter. 

(VI) Sanford, eldest son of Benjamin Dur- 
fee, was born at Killingly, Connecticut, Janu- 
ary 21, 1800, and died December 5, 1880, at 
Providence, Rhode Island. He attended the 
district schools of his native town, and during 
his youth assisted his father in the work of 
the farm. His health was not good and for a 
time he was engaged in selling bodes, repre- 
senting a work written by William Drowne, en- 
titled "The Farmer's Guide." He found this 
work beneficial to his health and continued in 
it for some time, later representing Rev. Dr. 
David Benedict, who was at that time pastor 
of the First Baptist Church at Pawtucket, 
Rhode Island, selling his works, entitled: 
"Benedict's History of All Religions," and 
"Benedict's History of the Baptists." While 
engaged on this work he traveled from New 
York to North Carolina. In 1830 he entered 
the employ of Moies & Jenks as clerk in their 
thread store, and later went to work at Cromp- 
ton, Rhode Island, in a cotton mill, shortly 
afterwards becoming superintendent, continu- 
ing in that capacity from 1833 to 1848. From 
1848 to 1853 he was agent of the Portsmouth 
Coal Mining Company, with offices in Provi- 
dence. From 1853 to 1864 he was agent of the 
Providence Canal Bleaching Company, con- 
tinuing in that capacity until the business was 
discontinued. He then became treasurer of 
the Crompton Company, manufacturers of cot- 
ton goods, with headquarters in Providence, 
and continued in that capacity for a period of 
eleven years, or until he retired from active 

Early in life Mr. Durfee joined the Baptist 
church, and throughout his life he was an 
earnest and active member of that denomina- 
tion. He was a member of the Killingly 
church for a number of years, then the Paw- 
tucket First Baptist Church, of which he was 
superintendent of the Sunday school, later of 
the Crompton Baptist Church, of which he 

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was also superintendent of the Sunday school, 
and finally of the First Baptist Church of 
Providence, of which he continued a member 
until his death. He was also a member of the 
Rhode Island Society for the Encouragement 
of Domestic Industries. Though naturally a 
quiet, modest man, he was exceedingly charit- 
able by nature and constant in attending 
church, and in supporting its benevolence and 
various activities. He possessed the strictest 
integrity, and was an honest and very con- 
scientious man. He possessed a strong, virile 
character, and was an exemplary, public- 
spirited citizen. He served on the school com- 
mittee of Crompton, and for one year as a 
njember of the city council of Providence. In 
politics he was formerly a Whig, later becom- 
ing a Republican. 

On March 5, 1835, Mr. Durfee married, at 
Crompton, Rhode Island, Mary Cozzens, who 
was born June 20, 1798, and died July 8, 1844, 
daughter of Benjamin and Anne (Wheaton) 
Cozzens (see Cozzens). He married (second) 
Mary Eliza (Stafford) Holden, who was born 
October 14, 1804, and died December 6, iSygr 
daughter of Thomas Stafford, and widow of 
Captain Thomas Holden Jr. Children of San- 
ford Durfee by first wife: Sarah Crawford, 
mentioned below; Benjamin and Sanford Jr., 
twins, both of whom died in infancy. 

(VII) Sarah Crawford, only daughter of 
Sanford and Mary (Cozzens) Durfee, was 
bom at Crompton, Rhode Island, January 20, 
1838. She was tutored at home until she was 
ten years of age, afterwards attending the 
public school formerly located on the site of 
the present Corliss mansion, at the comer of 
Angell and Prospect streets, where she was 
fitted for the Young Ladies' High School, 
taught by John Kingsbury, Esq. After grad- 
uating from the latter she then attended a 
select school for girls in New York City. Miss 
Durfee has devoted much of her time and 
means to various charities and to the church, 
being an active member of the First Baptist 
Church of Providence. For a period of thirty- 
four years she was an officer of the Womans' 
Baptist Foreign Missionary Society, first as 
state secretary, then as recording secretary, 
and later as president, and is now the honorary 


(The Cozzens Line). 

This name, variously spelled, occurs in New 
England as early as 1635, when there arrived 
at Boston, in the ship "J^imes," George Coz- 
zens. There were also a number of immi- 
jrrants bearing the name from that time on 
through the century. A William Cozzens was 
in Boston in 1649, and Matthew is of record 
there in 1656. Richard Cozzens, of Saybrook, 
Connecticut, is of record as marrying, March 

7, 1678, Mary, daughter of Alexander Chalker. 
Whether any of the above named immigrants 
were related to each other, or whether they 
descended from the same common ancestor 
has never been ascertained. 

(I) Leonard Cozzens, the fourider in Amer- 
ica of the branch of this family with which 
this article particularly treats, was a native of 
England, bom in 1690, in the parish of All 
Commons ( ?), in Wiltshire, near the Division 
(Devises (?)), the nearest market town, and 
after reaching his majority emigrated to this 
country, and soon after 171 1 located at New- 
port, Rhode Island. He there married, in 
July, 1712, Margaret Taylor, by whom he had 
thirteen children, as follows : Robert, born April 
17, 1713; Nathan, November 12, 1715; Deb- 
orah, April 13, 1717; Eleanor, in November, 
1718; Peter, March 5, 1720; Joseph and Ben- 
jamin, twins, October 30, 1721 ; Deborah (2), 
March 17, 1724; Matthew, April 4, 1726; Wil- 
liam and Charles, twins, June 16, 1728; Greg- 
ory, June 5, 1730; Andrew, October 16, 1731. 
The mother of these children died September 
10, 1 75 1, and the father May 2, 1769. 

(II) Benjamin, son of Leonard Cozzens, 
was born October 30, 1 721, in Newport, Rhode 
Island, and died August 28, 1802, aged eighty- 
one years. He married, January 4, 1747, Anne 
Browne, daughter of George Browne, the lat- 
ter born in England, and to them were born 
children: John, September 28, 1747; Joseph, 
October 25, 1748; Ann, October 12, 1749; 
Margaret, October 4, 1751 ; Joseph (2), Au- 
gust 16, 1752; William, September 17, 1753; 
Benjamin Jr., August 21, 1754, who died in 
infancy; Benjamin (2), born November 28, 
1755; John (2) December 2, 1756; Elizabeth, 
April 10, 1758; a son, March 21, 1759, died in 
infancy; Charles, January 6, 1761 ; Ann (2), 
February i, 1762; a son. May 9, 1764, died in 

(III) Benjamin Cozzens Jr., son of Benja- 
min Cozzens, was born November 28, 1755. 
He married, December 22, 1782, Anne 
Wheaton, who was bom January 18, 1759, and 
died April 17, 1846. Children : Elizabeth, born 
February 14, 1785, died unmarried, July 14, 
1885, aged one hundred years five months; 
Levi, born Febmary 7, 1787, married Pamela 
Holley, and removed to Utica, New York, 
where the latter years of his life were spent; 
Anne, born September 19, 1789, married Craw- 
ford Titus, and she died December 2, 1868, 
in Providence; Benjamin, bom June 3, 1791, 
married (first) May 7, 1816, Sarah M. 
Wheaton, and (second) Mary Sophia Dexter, 
daughter of Samuel Dexter, he was a grad- 
uate of Brown University, and for a time was 
engaged in manufacturing, later becoming a 
lawyer in New York, where he died; Brown, 

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born September 16, 1794, married Charlotte 
Whittaker, and removed to Natchez, Missis- 
sippi, where he died; Charles Wheaton, twin 
of Brown, married Eliza Mason, and for a 
time lived in St. Louis, later removed to Ohio, 
where he died of cholera during an epidemic of 
that disease; and Mary, born June 20, 1798, 
became the wife of Sanford Durfee (see Dur- 
fee). Benjamin Cozzens, the father of these 
children, died July 21, 1825, in the seventieth 
year of his age. 

Rev. Ralph Wheelock, the 
WHEELOCK immigrant ancestor, was 
born in Shropshire, Eng- 
land, in 1600. He was educated at Clare Hall, 
Cambridge University, England, where he re- 
ceived his B. A. in 1626 and his M. A. in 1631. 
He became an eminent preacher in England, 
but because of his non-conformist views he 
was prosecuted, and finally in 1637 sought 
refuge with his Puritan fellows in New Eng- 
land. He was at Watertown for a short time, 
but located permanently at Dedham, Massa- 
chusetts. He brought with him from England 
his wife Rebecca and his daughter Re^cca. 
In his biography by his great-grandson. Rev. 
Ebenezer Wheelock, who founded' Dartmouth 
College, we are told that the ship was driven 
back once by storms and that the voyage was 
long and distressing. He was one of the 
founders of the town and church of Dedham — 
learned, devout, unselfish, practical and inde- 
fatigable. In 1638 he made^his home in that 
part of Dedham which was set off as Medfield. 
He was admitted a freeman March 13, 1638- 
39; was selectman, schoolmaster, deputy to the 
general court, conmiissioner to end small 
causes, appointed magistrate to perform mar- 
riages while at Dedham, and was equally 
prominent in the new town of Medfield. He 
'^ built his house at Medfield in 1651-52. He 
was made clerk of writs in 1642, was select- 
man of Medfield, 1651-55; school teacher and 
justice of the peace. He made his will May 3, 
1681 ; the inventory was dated January 31, 
1683, and the will proved May i, 1684. He 
bequeathed to his eldest son Gershom, and 
other sons — Benjamin, Eleazer, and Samuel; 
sons-in-law Increase Ward and Joseph War- 
ren; grandchild Rebecca Craft; refers in his 
will to his deceased wife, and appoints George 
Barbour one of the overseers of his will. His 
wife died in 1680. Two of his sons, Benjamin 
and Eleazer, settled in Mendon, Massachu- 
setts. Rev. Mr, Wheelock declined to take 
charge of any particular parish, but preached 
occasionally in Medfield and adjacent parishes. 
His last years were spent in teaching and farm- 
ing. Rev. Louis Hicks, of New Haven, wrote 

in 1899: **It is highly probable that he was a 
descendant of Hugh de Wheelock, who in the 
reign of Henry II. received from Roger Maine 
Warring a title to all the latter's claims to the 
village of Wheelock, Cheshire, England, which 
he had previously held. It is also probable that 
he was a relative of Abraham Wheelock, a 
native of Shropshire, who took the d^ree of 
A. M. at Cambridge University in 1618, and 
was admitted to Clare Hall as a Fellow about 
the same time as Ralph Wheelock, entered the 
same college and who later became the first 
professor of Arabic and Saxon tongues in the 
University and became librarian." Children 
of Ralph Wheelock ; Rebecca, born in England, 
about 1632 ; Peregrina, about 1636, on the voy^ 
age; Gershom, mentioned below; Mary, 1638; 
Benjamin, January 8, 1639-40; Samuel, Sep- 
tember 22, 1642; Record, December 15, 1643; 
Eleazer, father of Ralph, who settled at Wind- 
ham, Connecticut, and whose son. Rev. Dr. 
Eleazer Wheelock, was the founder and first 
president of Dartmouth College; Experience, 

. (II) Gershom, son of Rev. Ralph Wheelock, 
was born in 1636, and died in 1684. He must 
have been of age in 1657, when his name ap- 
peared in the minister's rate. He settled in 
Medfield. He married Hannah Stoddard 
(Stodder), daughter of John Stoddard, of 
Hingham, in 1658. In 1663 he was granted 
"liberty to cut two hundred cedar blank in the 
common swamp." His house stood on Har- 
bor Island road, a short distance southwest 
of the house now or lately owned by Charles 
Hamant. In 1674 he was paid for ringing the 
meeting house bell and caring for the building, 
£2 15s,, and next year the records show that 
he assisted in thatching the house. His dwell- 
ing was burned by the Indians in 1676, in King 
Philip's war, and during the raid thirty- two 
houses were destroyed, twelve of the Ei^lish 
killed and three mortally wounded. He built 
another house on the same site. In 1690 his 
heirs sold the house to Joseph Plympton. Chil- 
dren: Hannah, born 1659, died young; Sam- 
uel, 1660, died young ; Hannah, 1661 ; Samuel, 
1664; John, born 1670, died 1684; Joseph, 
mentioned below ; Timothy, 1673, died in Med^ 

(Ill) Joseph, son of Gershom Wheelock, 
was born about 1671, and died in 1770. He 

married (probably second) Elizabeth . 

His will was dated November 17, 1743, with a 
codicil, March 6, 1770. Children, mentioned 

in the will : John, married Martha , and 

by will dated January 20, 1778, bequeathed to 
children of his nephew Joseph (then deceased) 
as follows: Joseph, Archibald, Abel, Elijah, 
Alice, John Jr., Martha and Oliver; Joseph, 

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mentioned below; Jonathan, Elizabeth Saw- 
yer, Mary Osgood, Abigail Eames, Ruth 
Houghton, Martha Houghton. 

(IV) Joseph (2), son of Joseph (i) 
Wheelocic, was born about 1700. He removed 
from Lancaster to Leominster about 1725, or 
the town boundaries of Leominster included 
his farm at that time, for Leominster was for- 
merly part of Lancaster. Children of Joseph 
and Abigail : Olive, born at Lancaster, January 
10, 1726. Born at Leominster: Oliver, Decem- 
ber 7, 1727 ; Joseph, mentioned below ; Phineas, 
November 9, 1731 ; John, September 9, 1733; 
Abner, November 16, 1735; Prudence, No- 
vember 23, 1737; Abel, June 29, 1739; Elijah, 
May 26, 1741 ; Elisha. March 26, 1743; Abi- 
gail, baptized June 24. 1744. 

(V) Joseph (3), son of Joseph (2) 
Wheelock, was born in Leominster, February 
14, 1729, and died before 1778, when his uncle 
John bequeathed to his children, as stated 
above. This uncle John deeded land to Joseph 
Wheelock in 1751, to Ethan Phillips in 1755, 
and to his brother Jonathan in 1741. Jonathan 
died in 1759, leaving sons Jonathan and Luke 
and daughters. Joseph married . Chil- 
dren: Oliver; John Jr., mentioned below; 
Joseph, Archibald, Abel, Elijah, Alice and 
Martha. A deed in Worcester county proves 
the relationship. (Book 192, p. 103). John 
Wheelock, of Leverett, Hampshire county, 
deeded to Abel Wheelock, of Boston, his 
brother, his rights in the estate of his uncle, 
John Wheelock, whose will is mentioned above, 
and mentions his brother Oliver, also a legatee 
of John Wheelock; dated December 15, 1800. 
In 1790 this John Wheelock and his son, John 
Jr., were living in Heath, Massachusetts, near 
Leverett and Conway. John had in his family 
himself and wife; John Jr. had one son under 
sixteen and eight females. It is not known that 
John had other children than John, mentioned 

(VI) John, called John Jr., when a young 
man, on account of his uncle, John Wheelock, 
of Leominster, was son of Joseph Wheelock. 
He removed to Leverett, Hampshire (now 
Franklin) county, Massachusetts, and also lived 
at Heath and probably at Conway. He had a 
son John. 

(VII) John (2), son of John (i) Wheelock, 
was bom about 1760, and had a family in 
1790, as stated. He was born in this vicinity, 
and died at Conway or southern Vermont. 

(VIII) Martin, son of John (2) Wheelock, 
was born about 1782, in Franklin county, 
Massachusetts, and died in Conway, that 
county, about 1865, aged nearly eighty years. 
He was a dealer in horses, and for a number 
of years resided at Gardner, Worcester county, 

Massachusetts, where he owned a small farm. 
In politics he was a Whig, and afterward a 

Republican. He married (first) ; child, 

Willis, a painter, died at Decora, Iowa; (sec- 
ond) Betsey ; children : Samuel, resided 

at Springfield, Massachusetts, and was em- 
ployed by Springfield Arms Company ; Dexter, 
mentioned below. 

(IX) Dexter, son of Martin Wheelock, 
was born in 1825, in Conway, and died at 
Wendell, Massachusetts, in August, 1903. He 
was educated in the public schools of his native 
town, and learned the trade of stone cutter. 
He followed his trade at Northfield, Massa- 
chusetts, and vicinity. He had previously 
workei in a piano factory at Erving and in 
a chair factory at Gardner. In politics he was 
a R publican. He married OUve M. (Wheeler) 
Quinn, widow of John Quinn; she was born 
at Westmoreland, New Hampshire, in 1820, 
and died at Wendell, in 1878, on the home- 
stead of the Wheelock family, formerly the 
Switzer place. Children by John Quinn, her 
first husband: i. Albion Quinn, a mariner, 
always known as Albion Wheelock. 2. Sarah 
S. Quinn, died at New Salem, Massachusetts, 
in 191 1 ; married H. D. Potter, of Erving, a 
soldier in the c^ivil war, now retired from busi- 
ness, and living at New Salem. Children of 
Dexter and Olive M. Wheelock: i. Charles T., 
born 1850, die^ in New York state in 1901 ; a 
musician; married (first) Eva Hardy, of Weld, 
Maine; (second) Minnie O. Sargent, of Dum- 
merston, Vermont. 2. Elizabeth Mehitable, 
born 1852 (Gardner records give date o^ birth 
of Mehitable Elizabeth as January 30, 1848, 
at Royalston), resides in Athol, Massachusetts ; 
married Horace Andrews, of New Salem, 
Masachusetts (deceased) ; married* (second) 
Augustus Haskell, who died at AthoV a saw- 
yer. 3. Nellie Maria, born in 1854, resides at 
Gill, Massachusetts ; married Wallace Morgan, 
of Northfield Farms, Massachusetts. 4. Wil- 
liam W., born 1856 ; resides in Farley, Massa- 
chusetts, a stone-cutter; married Ida Death 
(now spelled Dearth). 5. Etta F., born 1858; 
married Charles O. Young, of Gardner, now 
of Orange, Massachusetts. 6. Henry M., men- 
tioned below. 

(X) Henry M., son of Dexter Wheelock, 
was born in Erving, Massachusetts, November 
16, i860. His parents went to Gardner when 
he was two years old, and there he attended 
the public schools. He went to work on a 
farm at Northfield at the age of thirteen years 
and continued until 1877. He then went to 
Wendell, where his father had bought a farm, 
and worked with his father there until 1883. 
Returning to Gardner, he was employed in a 
chair factory until 1888, when he went to 

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Dummerston, Vermont, to work in a carriage 
painting shop. Afterward he became a car- 
riage painter at Dummerston on his own 
account. He also had charge of the property 
of his brother, Charles T. Wheelock. In 1906 
he removed to Brattleboro, where he has since 
had a. carriage painting shop on Flat street. 
In politics he is a Republican. He is a member 
of Painters Union No. 123, of Brattleboro, and 
is at present its vice-president. He is a ser- 
geant of the First Regiment Band, Vermont 
National Guard. 

He married, June 19, 1907, in Greenfield, 
Massachusetts, Laura F. (Hunter) Brizzee, 
born at Northfield, Vermont. She is a mem- 
ber of the New England Order of Protection, 
of Orange, Massachusetts. She is a daughter 
of John Hunter, of Duxbury, Vermont, who 
was a soldier in the civil war and lost an arm 
in the service. Both he and his wife Try- 
phenia are deceased. Mrs. Wheelock married 
(first) Austin A. Brizzee, of Orange, a machin- 
ist. By her first husband she had one child, 
William L. Brizzee, a telephone employee, now 
living in Mt. Vernon. Henry M. Wheelock 
married (first) Eliza A. Dodwell, of Gardner, 
and had one child, Olive Vivian, who married 
Clarence Eglinton, of Fitchburg, a wheel- 
wright, now of Rutland, Vermont. 

John Irish, the immigrant ancestor, 
IRISH was born in England, and lived in 
the parish of Clisdon, county Som- 
erset. He was indentured as an apprentice to 
Timothy Hatherly, of the parish of St. Olaves, 
in Southwark, county Surrey, April 10, 1629, 
to go to Plymouth, in New England, and abide 
with Hatherly for five years, having meat, 
drink and lodging, and five pounds a year, and 
at the end of that time twelve bushels of wheat 
and twenty-five acres of land. He settled in 
Duxbury, Massachusetts, where he was a 
planter. He was a legatee in the will of Henry 
Wallis. He was a volunteer in the Pequot 
war in 1637, and was on the list of those able 
to bear arms in 1643. In 1643 he had land 
granted to him. He had a son John, men- 
tioned below, and also a son Elias. 

(II) John (2), son of John (i) Irish, was 
born in 1641-45, and died February 21, 1717. 
He was a carpenter by trade, and lived at Dux- 
bury, then at Little Compton, Rhode Island, 
where in 1678 he was town constable. He 

married, in 1672, Elizabeth , who died 

March 8, 1707. He married (second) in May, 
1708, Priscilla, widow of Samuel Talbot, and 
daughter of Edward and Mary (Peabody) 
Southworth. His widow died June 11, 1722. 
Children: David, born 1673; Elizabeth, Febru- 
ary 1674, died young; Jonathan, mentioned be- 

low; Joanna, June 6, 168 1 ; Sarah, January, 
1684; Priscilla, April 30, 1686; Elizabeth, Au- 
gust 28, 1687 ; Jedediah, October 7, 1688 ; Con- 
tent, September, 1691 ; Mary, April 9, 1695 ; 
John, May i, 1699. 

(Ill) Jonathan, son of John"(2) Irish, was 
bom June 6, 1678, at Little Compton, Rhode 
Island, and died there in 1732. His wife Mary 
also died in 1732. He owned land at Little 
Compton and Tiverton, Rhode Island, as 
shown by inventory of his estate. Children, 
born at Little Compton: Susan, 1703, died 
April 18, 1729; Samuel, aged over fourteen 
in 1732, when his mother was appointed his 
guardian and also as guardian of the other 
children, Jesse, Hannah and Mary; Priscilla, 
about 1707; Jesse, mentioned below; Mary, 
May 4, 1709, died April 30, 1756; Anna, 171 3; 
Hannah, 17 19. 

(IV)' Jesse, son of Jonathan Irish, was born 
about 1709-12. His mother was appointed his 
guardian on his nomination in 1732. The 
town records of Tiverton give his birth as 
September 26, 1712. He married, at Little 
Compton (intention dated March 2, 1738), 
Mary Albee. He settled in Nine Partners, 
New York, with other Rhode Island men, and 
went from that town in 1768 with seven sons 
to Danby, Vermont, of which he was a promi- 
nent pioneer.' He lived there the rest of his 
life. His farm is now known as the Nelson 
Colvin place. According to the first federal 
census, taken in 1790, there were in Danby re- 
ported as heads of families: Jesse, Jesse Jr., 
David, David Jr., Jonathan, Jonathan Jr., Gid- 
eon, Joseph and Abel. These were the sons and 
grandsons of Jesse. 

(V) Peter, son of Jesse Irish, was born 
about 1740. He was collector of taxes in 
Danby in 1769. 

(VII) John Irish, son or nephew of Peter 
Irish, was born about 1775. He was twice 
married. He lived in Colchester, Vermont. 

Children by first wife: Eliza, married 

Ray; Alonzo, mentioned below; Thankful, 
married Nelson Lasell. Children by second 
wife : Alanson, removed to Illinois ; John, was 
killed at Westford, Vermont; James, settled 
at North Adams, Massachusetts; Lucius, set- 
tled in Adams, Massachusetts ; Wallace, went 
west ; Ellis, died young ; four daughters, all of 
whom married. 

(VI) Alonzo, grandson or great-grandson 
of Jesse Irish, was born in Colchester, Ver- 
mont, in 1808, and died there about 1898, at 
the age of ninetv years. He was educated in 
the common schools of his native town, and 
followed farming there all his active life. In 
early life he was a Democrat in politics, after- 
ward a Republican from the time of the civil 

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war. In religion he was a G>ngregationalist, 
and a pious and faithful church memben He 
married Betsey Fisher, who was bom at or 
near Colchester, and died there in 1876. Chil- 
dren, all born in Colchester: i. Calvin Alonzo, 
mentioned below. 2. Josephine, married Ed- 
ward Brownell, a farmer, of Colchester (de- 
ceased). 3. Chloe, of Jericho, Vermont; mar- 
ried Jedediah Irish, of Underbill, Vermont, 
where he was a farmer; retired and lived at 
Jericho. 4. Eliza, died when a young woman. 
5. Juliet, died when a young woman. 6. Henry, 
resides at Colchester. 7. Henrietta, died in 
Connecticut ; married Henry Stanley. 8. Hor- 
ace, served through the civil war in Company 
L, First Vermont Cavalry, with his brother 
Calvin, and was twice taken prisoner; now 
living in the Soldiers* Home, Bennington, Ver- 

(VII) Calvin Alonzo, son of Alonzo Irish, 
was born in Colchester, Vermont, August 4, 
1830. He is now living at Northfield, Massa- 
chusetts. He received his early education in . 
the public schools of his native town and at 
the St. Albans Academy. He learned the trade 
of carpenter and joiner, and followed his 
trade in Colchester, Rochester, Vermont, and 
in Ohio. He was also an iron molder and 
owned a foundry in Rochester in partnership 
with John Dunbar, his brother-in-law. Sev- 
eral years ago he retired from active business. 
He was a soldier in the civil war, enlisting Au- 
gust 16, 1862, in Company L, First Vermont 
Cavalry, and remained in the service to the end 
of the war. He was wounded in the head by 
a minie ball at the battle of Gettysburg. He 
took part in many other important engage- 
ments. He is a member of Henry H. Johnson 
Post, Grand Army of the Republic, Northfidd, 
Massachusetts. He married (first) Loretta 
M. (Fowler) Wood, widow of Frank A. 
Wood. He married (second) Lucinda M. 
Fowler, who was bom at Colchester, Febru- 
ary 17, 1849, daughter of Joshua and 

(Atwood) Fowler. She is a member of the 
Congregational church. Her father was a 
farmer of Colchester. Both parents are de- 
ceased. Children of Calvin Alonzo Irish by 
first wife : Qinton, died young ; George Calvin, 
resides in Boston. Children by second wife: 
I. Albert Henry, born May 7, 1868; is em- 
ployed in a livery stable in Northfield; mar- 
ried Nellie Finn, of Randolph, Vermont. 2. 
Bessie Eda, born August 27, 1870; married 
William Severance, of Colchester, a teamster, 
now living in Northfield. 3. Wesley Martin, 
mentioned below. 4. Fred Atwood, bom Octo- 
ber 2, 1875 J employed in furniture business at 
Northfield : married Annie M. Harvey, of War- 
wick. Massachusetts. 

(IX) Wesley Martin, son of Calvin Alonzo 

Irish, was bom at Rochester, Vermont, April 
17, 1872. He attended the public schools 
in his native town until he was eleven years 
old, when his parents moved to Bethel, Ver- 
mont, on a farm, and later removed to War- 
wick, Massachusetts, where he continued in the 
public schools and high school. Afterward he 
was for a time a clerk in a store at Northfield, 
and he worked also at farming and trucking. 
From 1892 to 1894 he was employed in the 
manufacture of boxes at Warwick. During 
the following year he was employed by his 
brother George on his farm at Northfield, and 
as driver of his meat and provision wagon. 
His experience when a young man was varied. 
He was clerk in a store, and for more than a 
year janitor of Tremont Temple. He returned 
to Northfield and was for six years a clerk 
in the store of Robbins & Evans, general mer- 
chants. He was in business afterward for a 
time as a fish dealer in Northfield. He came 
to Brattleboro, January 18, 1908, and after 
working a year as clerk in a store there, he 
bought a milk route which he conducted for 
another year. During the following year he 
worked at the carpenter's trade in Brattleboro. 
In October, 191 1, he established his present 
business. He lias one of the largest and most 
successful trucking concerns in Brattleboro. 
His wide acquaintance and experience in busi- 
ness, his energy and enterprise, won for him a 
flourishing business from the beginning. In 
politics Mr. Irish is a Progressive, formerly a 
Republican. He is a member of Rollin C. 
Ward Camp, Sons of Veterans, of Northfield, 
and of the Congregational church. 

He married, June 11, 1902, at Vernon, New 
York, Elizabeth Florence Comstock, bom in 
New York City, November 22, 1873. In 1878, 
when she was five years old, she was adopted 
by Mr. and Mrs. James V. Comstock, of Ver- 
non, New York, he a farmer, now retired, 
living in Vemon, New York. She was edu- 
cated in the public schools, graduate of the 
high school, and later attended Northfield 
Seminary, and is a member of the Congrega- 
tional church of Brattleboro and of the Aux- 
iliary of the Sons of Veterans. Children of 
Mr. and Mrs. Irish : James Calvin, born July 
31, 1903, in Northfield; Ethel Mae, March 14, 

John Lynch, descendant of an 
LYNCH ancient and distinguished Irish 
family, was born in county Cork, 
Ireland, in 1839, and died in St. Johnsbury, 
Vermont, in 1901. He received his early edu- 
cation in his native parish and came at the age 
of fifteen to this country. With him came two 
sisters, two brothers, and their mother, all of 
whom eventually settled in St. Johnsbury, Ver- 

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mont. For many years he was a farmer at 
South Wheelock, Vermont. In 1890 he sold 
his farm and removed to St. Johnsbury, where 
he bought a house and made his home during 
his last years. In politics he was a Democrat, 
influential in his party and prominent in public 
affairs. In religion he was a communicant of 
the Roman Catholic church. He married Mary 
Cronin, who was born in county Cork, Ireland, 
in 1841, died at St. Johnsbury, Vermont, in 
1902, of typhoid fever, a daughter of Richard 
Cronin, who was born in county Cork, and 
died there in 1888, aged about seventy-five 
years, a miller by trade. Children of John and 
Mary (Cronin) Lynch: i. William, resides in 
Boston; assistant superintendent of construc- 
tion of Boston Fire E>epartment ; married Delia 
Joy, who was born in Ireland. 2. Rev. J. A., 
a priest of the Roman Catholic church at Pitts- 
ford Mills, Vermont. 3. Michael, died young, 
at South Wheelock. 4-5-6. Morris, Mary and 
Bridget, all died young, at South Wheelock. 
7. Edward Richard, mentioned below. 8. 
Mary, died at St. Johnsbury, Vermont, May 
29, 1913; married Charles McGovern, of St. 
Johnsbury, a plumber, in the employ of Charles 

(II) Dr. Edward Richard Lynch, son of 
John Lynch, was bom September 3, 1870, at 
South Wheelock, Vermont. He attended the 
district schools of his native town and the 
Green Mountain Seminary at Waterbury Cen- 
ter, Vermont, where he took a business course. 
He then entered the Lyndon Institute, from 
which he was graduated in 1891. For two 
years he was a student in the University of 
Vermont. During the next year he was a 
student in the College of Physicians and Sur- 
geons, of Boston, now of Tufts College, and 
in the following year at the Baltimore Medical 
College, from which he was graduated in 1896 
with the degree of Doctor of Medicine. He 
paid for his own education, earning his way in 
various employments. He took a post-grad- 
uate course in the Harvard Medical School 
under Dr. Morris Richardson and Professor 
Burrill. In 1896 he was an interne in the 
North End Hospital and Dispensary of Bos- 
ton, for six months, and the Massachusetts 
General Hospital of Boston for six months. 
He came to Brattleboro, February 14, 1898, 
and has been in general practice there to the 
present time, making a specialty of surgery. 
He has since taken a special course in his spe- 
cialty at Johns Hopkins University, under Pro- 
fessor Liedman. He has been visiting surgeon 
at the Farren Memorial Hospital, Montague 
City, for the past ten years. He was in charge 
of the Hemrose Hospital at West Brattleboro, 
Vermont, for four years, and he resigned on 
account of ill health following an attack of 

pneumonia, and to restore his health took an 
automobile trip to California, going thence by 
steamer to Seattle, thence to Nome, Alaska, 
visiting all the points of interest on the way. 
His practice is extensive. He has been called 
to cases in Canada, Springfield, Massachusetts, 
Boston, Providence, Rhode Island, and in a 
wide field in Vermont and New Hampshire. 
In politics he is a Democrat, and he has been 
twice the candidate of his party for the state 
legislature. His party is in a hopeless minor- 
ity, but four years ago, when he was a candi- 
date for first selectman, he was defeated by 
Mr. Stafford by only twenty-seven votes. He 
is a communicant of the Roman Catholic 
church; a member of Pocahontas Tribe, Im- 
proved Order of Red Men, of Brattleboro, and 
of the Uniformed Rank; member of the New 
Elngland Order of Protection, of which he has 
been g^and warden, and on several occasions 
a delegate to the grand lodge ; member of the 
United Order of Workman, of Brattleboro; of 
the Modem Woodmen of America, of the 
Catholic Order of Foresters, and of the Benev- 
olent and Protective Order of Elks, of Keene, 
New Hampshire; and of the Vermont Wheel 
Qub. He is also a member of various medical 
societies. His chief recreation is hunting, and 
he has many trophies of hunting trips in the 
Maine woods. 

He married, June 23, 1895, in Boston, Mas- 
sachusetts, Georgianna Moran, who was born 
in Londonderry, Nova Scotia, a daughter of 
James and Mary Moran. Her father was 
superintendent of the molding department of 
the Londonderry iron mines. Her mother is 
still living in Londonderry. Children of Dr. 
and Mrs. Lynch: Edward Byron, bom at 
Brattleboro, November 30, 1899; George Ham- 
ilton, at Brattleboro, December 30, 1902. 

The Patterson family is of 
PATTERSON English ancestry. Ansel 

Patterson was a soldier 
from Connecticut in the revolution, in Captain 
Robertson's company, enlisting January i, 
1781, for three years. He served in the 
Fourth Connecticut Regiment, Colonel Zebulon 
Butler, 1781-83. In the census of 1790 none 
of the name is found. 

(I) Ansel (2), doubtless son of Ansel (i) 
Patterson, mentioned above, was probably 
born in Windham county, Connecticut. He 
settled at Peru, Qinton county. New York, 
and married (second) Polly Hamblin. 

(II) Dr. James Hervey Patterson, only 
child of Ansel (2) and Polly (Hamblin) Pat- 
terson, was bom at Peru, March 10, 1810. 
He was a prominent Methodist minister, and 
preached at (Torinth, Vermont, and elsewhere 
in that state, until his voice failed, when he 

Digitized by 


Digitized by 


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C^ i C^*(/at^ 


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studied medicine and became a physician. He 
lived at Glens Falls, New York, where he died 
December 24, 1873. He married (first) Ruth 
Nourse, (second) Fidelia Howes (see Blake), 
daughter of George Anson and Susanna 
(Blake) Howes. Children: i. Dr. J. Franklin, 
born October 26, 1840, graduate of Union Col- 
lege, i860, surgreon in civil war ; married Flora 
Allen, and died May 5, 1876. 2. Charles E., 
mentioned below. 3. Caroline, died young. 

(HI) Charles Edward, son of Dr. James 
Hervey Patterson, was born May 3, 1842, at 
Corinth, Vermont. After a thorough prepara- 
tory course he entered Union College and 
graduated with honor in the class of i860, of 
which United States Senator Warner Miller 
and Neil Gilman, former state superintendent 
of public instruction, were also members. The 
year after his graduation he went to Troy and 
hegSLTi to study law. In May, 1863, three days 
after he came of age, he was admitted to the 
bar. He studied law in the office of Seymour 
& Ingalls, and in the fall of 1863 the junior 
member of the firm, Charles R. Ingalls, was 
elected justice of the supreme court, and Mr. 
Patterson took his place in the law firm undfer 
the name of Seymour & Patterson. The firm 
continued until the senior partner died in 1867. 
Shortly afterward the firm of Warren & Pat- 
terson was formed and continued until 1871, 
when the firm was dissolved and Mr. Patterson 
went to New York City to practice. He was 
a partner in the law firm of Tremain, Tyler 
& Patterson. After three years he returned to 
Troy and resumed his partnership with Mr. 
Warren. His energy and ability soon won for 
him a place of distinction in his profession. 
From 1 881 until he retired he was one of the 
foremost attorneys of the state of New York. 
He was the first to argue a case in the court of 
appeals under the statute of 1892, providing 
for an appeal from the decision of a surrogate 
to a trial by jury on the validity of a will, and 
also for an appeal to the highest court. This 
case was known as the Edward H. Hawke 
case, and was a famous cause. In litigation 
involving matters testamentary he was an 
authority. He was an attorney in many cele- 
brated litigations over wills, such as the Den- 
nin will case, the Roxalana Williams will case, 
the Green will case and the Gerald Hull will 
case, in all of which he made a successful ap- 
peal to the highest court. He had clients in 
Troy, Albany, New York City, and various 
other sections of the state. He was counsel 
for the United States Life Insurance Company 
of New York. Among his most difficult and 
notable cases were those growing out of the 
mortgage foreclosures upon the Wabash rail- 
road system, in all of which he was successful. 
Another famous case was that of the Balti- 

more Trust and Guaranty Company vs, the 
Richmond Electric Railroad Company, oppos- 
ing a motion for a receiver. He represented 
the railroad company and won the case against 
an imposing array of lawyers. He retired 
from practice in 1904. 

The Democratic party to which he had at- 
tached himself early in life, nominated him for 
congress in 1878, when the Greenback ques- 
tion was an issue, and the defection of Demo- 
crats to the Greenback party caused his de- 
feat. In 1880 he was elected to the assembly 
of New York, and he won distinction in the 
legislature. He was reelected by a majority 
of 525 over George R. Brown, who was the 
nominee of the Republican and Labor Reform 
parties. He was the Democratic choice for 
speaker, and an historic contest followed. The 
Tammany Hall Democrats of New York Qty 
would not vote for any candidate without re- 
ceiving assurances that Mr. Patterson would 
not give. But after a month of balloting, Mr. 
Patterson was elected over Thomas R. Alvord. 
Over the stormy session that followed, Mr. 
Patterson presided with ability, dignity, im- 
partiality, and won the approval of men of all 
parties. The resolution of thanks voted by the 
house was far from perfunctory. It was 
drawn and presented by Governor Alvord in 
an exceedingly complimentary speech. In addi- 
tion to the resolution the members of the as- 
sembly gave expression to their appreciation 
of Mr. Patterson's service by presenting to 
him a valuable watch and chain as a tangible 
token of their feelings. 

He was a member of the Delta Kappa Ep- 
silon and the Phi Beta Kappa fraternities, and 
of the Manhattan Club of New York, the 
Albany Club of Albany, and the Troy Qub of 
Troy. His office was at 275 Broadway, New 
York, for many years, and at the same time 
he maintained an office at 25 North Pearl 
street, Albany, the firm being Patterson, Bulke- 
ley & Van Kirk, the latter now holding the 
office of justice of the supreme court of New 

For twenty-five years he was vestryman and 
warden of St. Paul's Protestant Episcopal 
Church of Troy. He died February 21, 191 3, 
in Augusta, Georgia, where he was spending 
the winter. During his last years he made his 
home in old Bennington, where his widow now 
Kves. He married, in 1 871, at New York City, 
Fanny Maria Seymour, daughter of David L. 
and Maria L. (Curtis) Seymour. She was 
born in Troy, and educated there in Miss 
Emma Willard's school and in Mrs. Sylvanus 
Read's school in New York City. She is a 
communicant of the Protestant Episcopal 
church. She is vice-president of the Emma 
Willard Alumnae Association, and has been 

Digitized by 




president of the Woman's Atixiliary to the 
Board of Missions of the Diocese of Albany 
for many years, and president of the Young 
Women's Christian Association of Troy for 
eleven years. She has also been vice-president 
of the Samaritan Hospital Association of Troy, 
and of the large charitable association known 
as the Friends of the Sisterhood of St. Paurs 
Church, Troy. Children: i. David L. Sey- 
mour, born April 26, 1872, died March 2, 1893, 
at Thomasville, Georgia ; he was prepared for 
Yale. 2. Sarah Louise, born in New York; 
married Lewis N. Hopkins, of Baltimore, 
Maryland ; resides in old Bennington ; has one 
child, Elizabeth Louise Hopkins. 

(The Blake Line). 

(I) William Blake, the immigrant ancestor, 
was son of William Blake, of Pitminster, Eng- 
land, where he was baptized July 10, 1594. 
He married, in Pitminster, September 23, 161 7, 
Agnes Band, widow, whose maiden name has 
not been ascertained. Some recent investiga- 
tions, however, suggest that she may have been 
the widow of Richard Band and daughter of 
Hugh Thorne, of Pitminster, baptized Janu- 
ary 12, 1594. In the same parish in England, 
four of the children of William Blake were 
baptized, but from 1624 to 1636 his place of 
residence is unknown. It is believed that he 
came to America in the fall of 1635 or early in 
1636, and remained at Dorchester or Roxbury, 
making the acquaintance there of William 
Pynchon and others who were considering a 
plan of settlement in the Conn-ecticut valley. 
At any rate he was with Pynchon and his asso- 
ciates on May 14-16, 1636, when they drew 
up and signed the articles of association at 
Agawam, now Springfield, and he was one of 
five to assign the lots and manage affairs of the 
colony. He drew land there, but apparently 
decided to return to Dorchester and settle. He 
drew land in South Boston in March, 1637-38, 
and was made a freeman of the colony March 
14, 1638-39. He was a man of integrity and 
ability. He was constable in 1641, selectman 
in 1645-47, atid 165 1 on the committee to build 
the new meeting house. In 1656 he was elected 
town clerk and "clerk of the writs for the 
county of SuflFolk," and these offices he held 
until within six weeks of his death, which 
occurred October 25, 1663. He was also the 
clerk of the train band. In his will he made a 
bequest for the repairing of the burying 
ground. Soon after his death his widow Agnes 
removed to Boston, probably to live with her 
son John, or her only daughter, Anne Leager. 
She died in Dorchester. His estate was ap- 
praised at £224. Children, baptized at Pit- 
minster : John, September 6, 1620 ; Anne, Au- 
gust 30, 1618; William, September 6, 1620; 

James, of whom further; also Edward, sup- 
posed to be the youngest child, died at Milton, 
Massachusetts, September 3, 1692. 

(II) James, son of William Blake, was born 
in Pitminster, England, and baptized April 27, 
1624. He came to New England with his 
father. He married, about 1651, Elizabeth 
Clap, daughter of Deacon Edward and Pru- 
dence (Qap) Clap, who died in Dorchester, 
January 16, 1693-94, in the sixty-first year of 
her age. He married (second) in Rehoboth, 
September 17, 1695, Elizabeth (Smith) Hunt, 
widow of Peter Hunt, and daughter of Henry 
and Judith Smith, from county Norfolk, Eng- 
land. Mr. Blake lived in the north part of 
Dorchester. His house, built about 1650, was 
of such substantial character that the town 
voted to model the parsonage after it in 1669 ; 
it remained in the Blake family until 1825. 
In 1895 it was removed from the original loca- 
tion on Cottage street to Richardson Park, and 
the Dorchester Historical Society secured pos- 
session of it and have fitted it up for their 
purposes. Mr. Blake was a busy man. From 
1658 to 1685 there is scarcely a year that he 
did not serve the town in some official capacity. 
He was selectman thirteen years, later con- 
stable, deputy to the general court, clerk of the 
writs, recorder, sergeant of the militia com- 
pany. He was deacon of the Dorchester 
church for fourteen years and ruling elder for 
the same period. He was often called upon 
as administrator and in other capacities in the 
settlement of estates. He died June 28, 1700, 
leaving a will dated June 26, 1700. His estate 
was appraised at £473. He and his wife are 
buried in the old graveyard in Dorchester, and 
the stones that mark their graves are in excel- 
lent condition. Children: James, mentioned 
below ; John, born March 16, 1656-57 ; Eliza- 
beth, October 3, 1658; Jonathan, July 12, 1660, 
died November 10, 1660 ; Sarah, February 28, 
1665, died May 22, 1666; Joseph, born Au- 
gust 27, 1667. 

(III) James (2), son of James (i) Blake, 
was born in Dorchester, Massachusetts, Au- 
gust 15, 1652, and died October 22, 1732, aged 
eighty years. He married (first) February 6, 
i^i, Haraiah, daughter of George and Sus- 
annah Macey, of Taunton; she died June i, 
1683, 2iged twenty-three years. He married 
(second) July 8, 1684, Ruth, born in Hamp- 
ton, New Hampshire, May 9, 1662, daughter 
of Nathaniel and Deborah (Smith) Bachellor; 
she died in Dorchester, January 11, 1752, aged 
ninety years. There has long been a tradition 
in the family that the first house on Dorches- 
ter Neck, now South Boston, was erected by 
James Blake. An investigation made a few 
years ago brought to light evidence that Cap- 
tain James Foster had a dwelling there as early 

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as 1676, but Blake's house was without doubt 
the second. built on the peninsula, about 1681. 
Although isolated from the village of Dorches- 
ter, the house was beautifully situated to com- 
mand a view of the harbor and shore. It was 
on the road to Castle William, later Fort Inde- 
pendence, and at times it became a sort of 
house of entertainment for the English officers 
at the fort. His new house was almost entirely 
destroyed by the British troops, February 13, 
1776. Mr. Blake was a farmer. He was dea- 
con of the Dorchester church for twenty-three 
years. He died October 22, 1732. Children: 
Hannah, bom September 16, 1685, died Octo- 
ber 2, 1686; James, born April 29, 1688; In- 
crease, mentioned below. 

(IV) Increase, son of Deacon James (2) 
Blake, was born at Etorchester, Massachusetts, 
June 8, 1699. He married, in Boston, July 
23, 1724, Aiine, daughter of Edward and Sus- 
anna (Harrison) Gray, she was born in Bos- 
ton, March 16, 1704-05, and died there June 
20, 1651. Mr. Gray was a rope-maker and be- 
came wealthy. One of his sons, Harrison 
Gray, was prominent in public life, and treas- 
urer of the province. Another, Rev. Ellis 
Gray, was pastor of the Second Church in 
Boston, and these names, Ellis and Harrison 
Gray, have been retained among the descend- 
ants of their sister even to the present genera- 
tion. Increase Blake shared with his only 
brother James in his father's estate in 1732, 
but soon afterwards sold all his share of the 
real estate. He resided in Boston, where his 
sixteen children were bom, probably in the 
vicinity of Milk and Batterjrmarch streets. He 
was a tin plate worker, and his trade was fol- 
lowed by several of his sons and grandsons. 
He did not appear in public life as much as his 
brother. He was an inn-holder on Merchants' 
Row in 1740. From 1734 to 1748 he was 
sealer of weights and measures, an office ajH 
propriately connected with his trade. In 1737 
he leased of the town of Boston one of the 
shops at the town dock at an annual rental of 
£30, and in 1744 requested a renewal. He died 
probably in 1770. It is stated that he was bur- 
ied in the Gray and Blake tomb. No. 74, at 
the Granary burying ground. Children: Ann, 
bom May 8, 1725 ; Increase, mentioned below ; 
Edward, bom June 9, 1728; James, bom 
March 20, 1730; Harrison, born September 
10, 1731; William, September 14, 1732; Han- 
nah, September 9, 1733; Susannah, October 
14, 1734; John, June 22, 1736; Thomas, Janu- 
ary 14, 1737-38; Benjamin, May 9, 1739; Jo- 
seph, July 5, 1740; Nathaniel, September 28, 
1741, died October 15, 1741 ; Ellis Gray, bom 
September 9, 1743; Mary, August 17, 1745; 
Sarah, August 18, 1746. 

(V) Increase (2), son of Increase (i) 

Blake, was born in Boston, October 28, 1726, 
and married there, April 18, 1754, Anne, 
daughter of Thomas and Anne (White) Crafts, 
who was born in Boston, January 10, 1734, 
and died March 21, 1762, aged twenty-eight 
years. A few years ago a gravestone in- 
scribed with her name and date of death was 
found on Boston Common. He married (sec- 
ond) December 7, 1762, Elizabeth, daughter of 
Ebenezer and Mary Bridge, bom April 2, 1732; 
she died of smallpox in Worcester, Massachu- 
setts, November 22, 1792, aged sixty-one years, 
and was burled in a pasture in the northern 
part of the city, near what is now Nelson 
place. An obituary notice in The Spy of De- 
cember, 1792, refers to her as "one of the 
noblest women earth was ever blessed with. 
A Hving Christian." 

Mr. Blake was a tin plate worker in Boston, 
having a shop on King (now State) street, 
near the old state house. He is said to have 
supplied the Provincial troops with canteens, 
cartridge boxes and the like, but refusing to 
make them for the British troops, was driven 
from town. His wife was equally patriotic. 
Her Bible, which is in possession of Mrs. E. 
A. Knowlton, of Rochester, Minnesota, gives 
evidence of an encounter she had with a Brit- 
ish soldier. One day, when sitting in front 
of her door reading the Bible, she was asked 
by a British soldier as he passed, what she was 
reading. She replied, "the story of the cross," 
upon which he answered that he would fix her 
Bible so she would always remember the cross, 
and with his sword he made a deep cut across 
the page through many leaves. The story has 
many forms as it was handed down, but the 
Bible, the cut, and the sword of the British 
soldier, are undoubted realities. When forced 
to leave Boston, just after the battle of Bunker 
Hill, he removed his wife and seven children 
to Worcester, sacrificing nearly all of his Bos- 
ton property. He opened his shop in Worces- 
ter at Lincoln Square and worked at his trade. 
In 1780 and for a number of years he was 
jailor, or gaoler. He died in Worcester, Feb- 
mary 28, 1795. His estate was appraised for 
£42, and proved to be insolvent. The claims 
amounted to $91.49, the net assets were only 
eleven shillings, six and a half pence, $1.92, to 
be divided. Twelve of his children were born in 
Boston, the thirteenth at Worcester. Children 
by first wife: Anne, born August 9, 1755, ^^cd 
December 6, 1760; Thomas, born December 
20, 1756, died in infancy; William, bom March 
12, 1758, died September 7, 1759; Elizabeth, 
died March 7, 1760; James, died January 22, 
1762; James, born January 29, 1762. Chil- 
dren of second wife: Mary, bom November 5, 
1763 ; Persis, March 31, 1765 ; Thomas Dawes, 
October 23, 1768; Ebenezer, May 31, 177 1, 

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supposed to have been lost at sea ; Sarah, No- 
vember 25, 1772; Susanna, mentioned below; 
Dorothy, June 15, 1781, in Worcester, no fur- 
ther record of her. 

(VI) Susanna, daughter of Increase Blake, 
was born April 4, 1774, in Boston; married, 
August 3, 1800, George Anson Howes, son of 
Zachariah and Alice (Moulton) Howes, born 
at Windham, Connecticut, March 8, 1781. 
They lived at Windham and at Chelsea, Ver- 
mont, where he died September 15, 1857, and 
she died July 6, 1859. Children : Amelia, born 
December 4, 1800, married WiMiam Bailey; 
George A., November 10, 1802, of Chelsea; 
Increase Blake, September 19, 1806; Fidelia 
Howes, December 11, 1809, married Dr. James 
H. Patterson (see Patterson) ; Charles, March 
17, 1813, at Washington, Vermont, married 
Martha Foggett. 

Ebenezer Sparks was a soldier 
SPARKS in the revolution, from Athol, 
Massachusetts. The vital rec- 
ords of the town give no information about 
him or his family, and he left no trace in the 
records of Worcester county. Judging from 
the evidence of the records, he was an immi- 
grant. Curiously enough he lived near the 
Sparhawk family of Templeton, Worcester 
county, and Ebenezer Sparhawk, of Temple- 
ton, nearly the same age of Ebenezer Sparks, 
settled in Vermont. Considerable research 
was necessary to prove that Ebenezer Sparks, 
of Wardsboro, Vermont, and Athol, was not 
the same man as Ebenezer Sparhawk, of 
Templeton and Rochester, Windsor county, 

Ebenezer Sparks was a soldier in the revolu- 
tion, enlisting June 12, 1781, giving his age as 
twenty-four years, height five feet ten inches, 
complexion dark, occupation farmer. He was 
engaged for the town of Athol, but may not 
have been an actual resident. He was also in 
Captain Lebbeus Drew's company, Colonel 
William Shepard's regiment. Asa Sparks was 
in the revolution from Berkshire county; 
Henry Sparks from Hancock, New Hamp- 
shire — they may have been brothers. Stephen 
Sparks, of Clarendon, Vermont, was also in 
the revolution. Ebenezer Sparks settled in 
Wardsboro, in that part which is now the town 
of Dover. The first marriage in the town of 
Dover was that of Ebenezer Sparks to Mar- 
garet Love, in 1782, by Rev. Hezekiah Taylor, 
of New fane. It is related that the clergyman 
was wont to rise on tiptoe, and for emphasis 
come down on his heels. He was so emphatic 
in his prayer at the wedding that the floor 
gave way and precipitated the entire wedding 
party into the cellar. Ebenezer was a freeman 

of Wardsboro in 1796. In 1790, according to 
the first federal census, Ebenezer Sparks had 
in his family one male over sixteen, four under 
that age, and four females. The census shows 
that the family was not numerous in 1790. The 
names of but three of the children are known 
to the writer. John Sparks, the third son of 
Ebenezer, of Dover, Vermont, was born at 
Wardsboro, November 25, 1790. He was a 
soldier in the war of 1812; he came to North 
Brookfield, Massachusetts, in March, 1833, 
and died there September 5, 1840; married 
(first) February 17, 1820, Louisa Rawson, of 
Dover, born there, died September 20, 1827; 
married (second) October 30, 1828, Hannah 
R. Foster, of Barre, New York, died at North 
Brookfield, February 6, 1836; married (third) 
August 30, 1836, the widow of Deacon Joseph 
A. Moore; children: Henry H., born Novem- 
ber 15, 1820; Mary Jane, July 8, 1825. The 
second child born in Dover was Sarah, daugh- 
ter of Ebenezer and Margaret, September 29, 
1792; she married Aaron Wood and William 
Bugbee. Thomas, another son of Ebenezer, 
is mentioned below. 

(II) Thomas, son of Ebenezer Sparks, was 
born at Dover, Vermont, January 12, 1800, 
and died there in 1866. He was a farmer in 
his native town all his active life. In early 
Hfe he was a Whig, later a Republican. He 
married Patty Robbins, who was born October 

3, 1804, at Newfane, Vermont, died at Dover, 
February 27, 1843. Children, all bom in 
Dover: i. Charles E., mentioned below. 2. 
Martha C, April 30, 1825, died in April, 1884, 

at Staten Island; married (first) 

Bo wen; (second) William Keeler. 3. Eben- 
ezer M., born August 12, 1827, died in Cali- 
fornia, whither he went in 1849, seeking gold. 

4. Thomas Manning, bprn December 11, 1831, 
died February 19, 1832. 5. Thomas Morti- 
mer, born February 25, 1834, removed to Cali- 
fornia, in 1854. 6. Sarah Malvina, bom I>e- 

cember 23, 1836; married Wilson, and 

they went to California in the fifties. 7. John 
Manning, born October 26, 1839, died recently 
in California, where he located in the pioneer 

(III) Charles E., son of Thomas Sparks, 
was born at Dover, Vermont, November 13, 
1823, and died at South Newfane, December 
26, 1899. He came to South Newfane when 
he was about twenty-three years old, and fol- 
lowed farming there the rest of his life. He 
was active in politics, originally as a Whig, 
later as a Republican. He was selectman for 
many years and lister, and represented the 
town for two years in the state legislature. 
He married Irene W. Ingram, who was bom 
at Newfane, Vermont, October 25, 1828, died 

Digitized by 




March 2, 191 2, at Brattleboro, daughter of Ira 
Ingram (see Ingram). Children: i. Herbert 
Charles, mentioned below. 2. Harland E., 
born in South Newfane, April 22, 1852, mar- 
ried Kate Sawtell, and settled in South New- 
fane on a farm. 

(IV) Herbert Charles, son of Charles E. 
Sparks, was born at Dover, Vermont, August 
II, 1847. He was educated in the public 
schools there. At the age of seventeen he be- 
gan life as a farmer in Newfane and continued 
until 1900, when he removed to Brattleboro, 
and since then has followed the trade of car- 
penter. He was an active and useful citizen 
of Newfane, a selectman there for five years. 
In politics he is a Republican. He married, 
February 9, 1870, in Bellows Falls, Vermont, 
Emma S. Lamb, who was born at Newfane, 
September 7, 1845, daughter of Charles P. and 
Margaret Ann (Brown) Lamb (both de- 
ceas^). Her father was a farmer. Children, 
all born in Newfane: i. Dr. Ernest E., born 
March 31, 1873; married Myrtle Breckinridge, 
of Burlington, now of Cochituate, Massachu- 
setts, where he is practicing medicine. 2. Flor- 
ence M., born March 19, 1877 ; resides in New 
York City, stenographer for Delaval Separator 
Company. 3. William Keeler, mentioned be- 
low. 4. Herbert Charles Jr., born February 
24, 1884; married Iva A. Mundee, of New- 
fane; they reside at Brattleboro, where he is 
employed by his brother. 

(V) William Keeler, son of Herbert Charles 
Sparks, was born at Newfane, January 8, 1881. 
He attended the public schools and graduated 
from Goddard Seminary at Barre, Vermont, in 
the class of 1902. For three years he was a 
clerk in the grocery store of F. C. Clark in 
Brattleboro. He and his brother Herbert 
Sparks bought the Juntley Laundry at 10 Flat 
street. In 1908 he bought the interests of his 
partner and has continued the business alone. 
He has the largest and finest laundry in Brattle- 
boro. In politics he is a Republican. He is a 
member of Wyantastique Lodge, No. 5, and of 
Oasis Encampment, No. 5, Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows, of Brattleboro; of Brattle- 
boro Lodge, No. 102, Free Masons ; Fort Dum- 
mer Chapter, Royal Arch Masons, of Brattle- 
boro ; and the Brattleboro Board of Trade. 

He married, October 28, 1909, at Brattle- 
boro, Alice Ella Holden, who was born at 
Wardsboro, April 19, 1882, and graduated 
from the Brattleboro high school in the class 
of 1902. She is a daughter of Lyman E. 
Holden, a lumber dealer in Brattleboro, and 
Ella (Kidder), who died in Wardsboro. Mrs. 
Sparks is a member of the Congregational 
church. Mr. and Mrs. Sparks have one child, 
Helene May, bom October 24, 19 10. 

(The Inerram Liine). 

The English ancestry of the Ingram or In- 
graham family has been traced. Randolph, 
son of Ingel'ram or Ing'ram, was sheriff of 
Nottingham and Derby in the reign of Henry 
II., 1133-1189. He had two sons, Robert and 

Robert Ingram, knight, son of Randolph, 
was of such importance in the reign of Henry 
II. that the Prior and Convent of Leuton 
granted to him a yearly rent out of their lands 
in Shaynton and Nottingham in recognition of 
his military service in their defence. His arms 
are painted in Temple Newsham, or Newsam, 
England, an immense estate, six miles long 
and four in width, about five miles from Leeds. 
It is now called the Ingram estate. It was a 
settlement of Knights Templar in the twelfth 
and thirteenth centuries. After their disper- 
sion it was granted to Sir John Darcy by Ed- 
ward III., and descended to Sir Thomas Darcy, 
who was beheaded by Henry VIII. and the 
estate forfeited to the crown. In 1554 it was 
granted by Henry VIII. to Mathew, Earl of 
Lennox, and here was born his son, Henry 
Darnley, who married Mary, Queen of Scots. 
To the present time, the room in which he was 
born has been preserved intact. 

Sir Arthur Ingram, born about 1570, mar- 
ried (first) Eleanor, daughter of Sir Henry 
Slingsby and (second) Lady Katherine, 
daughter of Thomas, Lord Viscount Fairfax. 
Henry Ingram, son of Arthur, was born about 
. 1600, married Anne, daughter of Montacute, 
Earl of Manchester. Arthur, brother of 
Henry, married a daughter of Sir John Mal- 
lery, about 161 5, and the genealogists agree 
that from him was descended the American 

(I) Richard Ingram, doubtless son of 
Arthur, came to America about 1638 and set- 
tled in Rehoboth, Massachusetts, where he was 
a proprietor in 1645. Some years later he 
moved to Northampton, Massachusetts, where 
in 1668, late in life, he married Joan, daugh- 
ter of William Rockwell and widow of Jeffrey 
Baker, of Windsor, Connecticut. He contri- 
buted to the fund for the support of Harvard 
Collere in 1672-73. He died in August, 1683, 
and his widow died September 16, 1683. both 
at Northampton. 

( II ) John, doubtless son of Richard Ingram, 
was born in England, about the time his father 
left that country. He settled (first) in Bos- 
ton, but removed to Hadley in 166 1 and was 
admitted a freeman in 1663. He was in Cap- 
tain Joseph Kellogg*s company of Hadley, 
under Captain William Turner, and was in the 
fight at Turner's Falls, May 19, 1676. He 
died June 22, 1722. He married, 1664, Eliza- 

Digitized by 




beth Gardner, daughter of Samuel and Eliza- 
beth Gardner, of Hadley. She died December 
29, 1684. Children : John, born June 29, 1665 ; 
Judiah, August 16, 1668; Samuel, October 8, 
1670; Ebenezer, February 3, 1673; Nathaniel, 
mentioned below; Jonathan, 1676; Elizabeth, 
May I, 1679; Abigail, January 12, 1683. 

(III) Nathaniel, son of John Ingram, was 
born at Hadley, October 8, 1674. He married, 
October 20, 1696, Esther Smith, who was born 
March 31, 1674, daughter of Chileab and Han- 
nah (Hitchcock) Smith. He and his son Na- 
thaniel Ingram had a grant of land at South 
Hadley, and his homestead was held by the 
Ingram family a hundred and seventy-five 
years. It was sold in the spring of 1904. Chil- 
dren: Esther, born July 23, 1697; EUzabeth, 
April 6, 1699; Abigail, August 24, 1700; 
Mercy, April 15, 1702; Ebenezer, November 
18, 1703; Nathaniel, May 16, 1706; Hannah, 
April 14, 171 1 ; Jonathan, June 5, 1713; Sarah, 
October 2, 1717. 

(IV) Jonathan, son of Nathaniel Ingram, 
was born June 5, 1713, at Hadley, and died 
November 12 or 14, 1748. He married, May 
18, 1743, Mary Montague, daughter of John 
Montague, daughter of John Montague Jr. 
Children: Jonathan, mentioned below; John, 
August 9, 1746; Mary, November 21, 1748. 

(V) Jonathan (2), son of Jonathan (i) 
Ingram, was born January 5, 1745. He was 
a soldier in the revolution, in Captain Eliakim 
Smithes company, April 20, 1775; ^'so in Cap- 
tain Moses Kellogg's company, Colonel Por- 
ter's regiment, in the northern army, in 1777; 
also in Captain Job Alvord's company, Colonel 
S. Murray's regiment, July to October, 1780 
(vol. viii, Mass. Soldiers, etc). Children: 
Jonathan, born April, 1779; Samuel, March, 
1781 ; Son, April 20, 1783; Joanna, baptized 
April 17, 1785; Ira, mentioned below; Elisha, 
baptized April 17, 1789. 

(VI) Ira, son of Jonathan (2) Ingram, 
was born at Hadley, December 19, 1786, and 
baptized there December 31, 1786. He died 
April 5, i860, at South Newfane, Vermont. 
He was a farmer and teamster in South New- 
fane for many years. He was a deacon of the 
Baptist church. He married (first) Sally 
Miller, who was born October 19, 1790, at 
Marlboro, Vermont, and died September 26, 
1842. Children, all born at South Newfane : i. 
Orman, born February 20, 1809, died there, 
April 14, 1879; married Zippha Timson; was 
a farmer in his native town. 2. Ira, born 
April 30, 181 1, died March 12, 1876, at Troy, 
New York, a merchant there; married (first) 

Wheelock; (second) Dorcas 

(third) Jerusha 

-, sister of Dorcas. 3. 

Margaret, born March 29, 1813, died Decem- 
ber 10, 1890, in California; married (first) 

Joshua Robbins; (second) Asa Marsh. 4 
David, August 6, 1815, died May 9, 1817. 5. 
Nelson, November 24, 18 17, died at Wards- 
boro, March, i860, a farmer; married Han- 
nah King. 6. Sarah L., born December 3, 
1819, died March 14, 1895, at Wilmington, 
Vermont; married (first) Marcus White, 
(second) Samuel May. 7. Mason, March 24, 
1822, died February 2, 1888, at Newfane; 
married (first) Catherine Morse; (second) 
Marcia Alden; (third) Alma Sweet. 8. Jona- 
than, February 25, 1824, died February 15, 
1825. 9. Mary M., February 25, 1824, died 
March 13, 1899; married (first) Lawson B. 

Morse; (second) Clark. 10. Jonathan 

M., March 2, 1826, died October 7, 1896, a 
farmer; married Laura King. 11. Irene W., 
October 25, 1828; married Charles E. Sparks 
(see Sparks). 12. Melissa, March 7, 1831, 
died January 6, 1910; married Zena Bailey, a 
farmer. 13. Rhoda S., May 7, 1834, died De- 
cember 12, 1901 ; married Holland Powers, a 

The surname Skinner is like 
SKINNER a large class of English trade 
and business names adopted 
about the twelfth century as family names, 
like butcher, baker, chandler, merchant, 
brewer, etc. Skinner simply means a dealer 
in furs and hides. The Skinners Company, of 
London, received a charter of incorporation 
as early as the reign of Edward III., and has a 
coat-of-arms of ancient date. The ifamilies of 
Skinner are found in all parts of England. 
The Skinners of Le Burtons and Ledbury, 
county Hereford, and descended from Stephen 
Skinner (1557), elder son of Stephen Skinner, 
of county Hereford. Arms : Sable, a chevron 
or between three griffin's heads erased, argent, 
a mullet for difference. Crest : A griffin's head 
erased, argent, holding in the beak a hand, 
couped gules on the brest, a mullet for differ- 
ence. A common device in various Skinner 
arms is: Sable, three griffins' heads erased, 
argent. The families at Cowley, Devonshire, 
in London, in county Essex, the Isle of Wight, 
Dewlich, and various other localities, also bear 
arms. Thomas Skinner was lord mayor of 
London in 1596. 

(I) Sergeant Thomas Skinner, immigrant 
ancestor, was born in 1617, in England, and 
died March 2, 1703-04, in Maiden, Massachu- 
setts. He came from Chichester, county Sus- 
sex, England, bringing with him his wife and 
two sons. He lived at one time at Subdeanery 
and parish, Chichester. He was a victualler, 
and May 31, 1652. was licensed to keep an inn 
at Maiden. His house there was situated at 
the southeast corner of Cross and Walnut 
streets. It was given to Skinner's son, Abra- 

Digitized by 




ham, March 15, 1694-95. He was admitted 
freeman May 18, 1663. He married (first) in 

England, Mary , who died April 9, 

1671; (second) Lydia (Shepardson) Call, 
widow of Thomas Call; she died December 
17, 1723, aged eighty-seven years. Children, 
bom at Chichester, England: Thomas, men- 
tioned below; Abraham, baptized in Pallant 
Parish Church, September 29, 1649. 

(H) Thomas (2), son of Thomas (i) Skin- 
ner, was born in Subdeanery and parish Chi- 
chester, England, July 25, 1645. He married 
Mary, daughter of Richard and Mary Pratt, 
of Maiden, county Essex, England. Richard 
Pratt was baptized there June 29, 161 5, and 
died 1691. Deacon Thomas Skinner removed 
with his wife, sons Richard, Benjamin, Eben- 
ezer, Nathaniel, and daughter Abigail, to Col- 
chester, Connecticut, where he was one of the 
original proprietors. His name and that of his 
son Ebenezer frequently appear in the early 
records. He held various town offices and 
served on important committees. He and his 
son Benjamin were granted lots January 21, 
1702, and in May, 1702, he drew his house 
lot. The diary of his son Thomas has been 
preserved and gives many interesting details 
of family history. All of his children were 
bom in Maiden. His wife died March 26, 
1704. Children: Mary, bom November 3, 
1666 ; Thomas, mentioned below ; Abiah, June 

16, 1671; John, April 5, 1673; Richard, June 
2, 1675; Joseph, January 13, 1678; Hannah, 
died October 20, 1728; Benjamin, born Janu- 
ary 30, 1681 ; Ebenezer, April 23, 1684 ; Na- 
thaniel, January 27, 1686; Abigail, February 

17, 1691. 

(HI) Thomas (3), son of Thomas (2) 
Skinner, was born November 3, 1668. He set- 
tled at Norton, Massachusetts, and died there 
June 9, 1757. His will was dated May 19, 
1750. He married, in 1694, Hannah Carpen- 
ter. Children, born at Norton: Thomas, born 
May 30, 1695 ; Solomon, April 4, 1697 ; Joseph, 
October 2T, 1699; Hannah, May 9, 1702; 
Esther, February 19, 1704; Mary, October 10, 
1706; Samuel, mentioned below, and one other. 

(IV) Samuel, son of Thomas (3) Skinner, 
was born about 1710, in Norton or vicinity. 
He married, March 10, 1736-37, Elizabeth 
Grover. His brother Joseph married, March 
10, 1736-37, Phebe Grover, of the same family, 
at Lyme, Connecticut. Children of Samuel, 
bora at Norton: Samuel, born February 2, 
1738; Amos, mentioned below; Elizabeth, 
twin of Amos, born August 28, 1739. 

(V) Amos, son of Samuel Skinner, was 
born at Norton, August 28, 1739. He was a 
soldier in the revolution, in Captain Nehemiah 
Loveweirs company. Colonel Peter Olcott's 
regiment, in 1782. He removed to Lyme, New 


Hampshire, with others of the family. In 
1790 he was in that town and had according 
to the census of 1790, one male over sixteen, 
two under that age, and two females in his 
family. Abel, Bariah, Ephraim, Jedediah, 
Joseph Jr. also lived in Lyme at that time. 

(VI) Amos (2), son of Amos (i) Skin- 
ner, was bom at Lyme, about 1780. He set- 
tled at Jamaica, Vermont, and died there. He 
was a shoemaker by trade. He married Lucy 
Crossett, who also died in Jamaica. Children : 

1. Edmund, an undertaker, died at Jamaica. 

2. Moses, a carpenter, died at Jamaica. 3. 
Zelotes, a brick mason, died at Jamaica ; mar- 
ried Mary Eddy. 4. Emily, married a Kings- 
bury; lived and died in Jamaica. 5. Cordelia, 

married Holland, a farmer, and lived 

in Jamaica. 6. Lura, married Kings- 
bury, a farmer, lived and died at Jamaica. 7. 
Jesiah, mentioned below. 8. Edson, served in 
civil war, died in Jamaica. 

(VII) Jesiah, son of Amos (2) Skinner, 
was bom at Jamaica, Vermont, 1825, and died 
there in 1851. He was a shoemaker by trade. 
In religion he was a Baptist. He married 
Emily Howard, who was born at Jamaica, 
1830, died at Townshend, Vermont, 1889- 
Children: Clark Jesiah, mentioned below; 
Laura Zilpha, born at Jamaica, 1850, resides 
at Guilford, Vermont, married Jesse Wether- 
head, a slater, of Guilford, they have no chil- 

(VIII) Clark Jesiah, son of Jesiah Skinner, 
was born at Jamaica, Vermont, September 30, 
1847, ^"d died at Newfane, December 19, 
1901. He attended the public schools of his 
native town. At the age of eighteen he went 
to New York City, where he worked at the 
trade of roofer, brick mason and plasterer. 
Except for fifteen years which he spent in 
Newfane he lived in New York the rest of his 
life. In politics he was a Republican. He 
was a member of a New York City lodge of 
Free Masons. He married, in New York 
City, August 25, 1870, Rebecca Frame, who 
was bom in county Eionegal, Ireland, Febmary 
17, 185 1, and came to this country with her 
parents when she was eighteen months old. 
She is a member of Brattleboro Grange, Pat- 
rons of Husbandry. She was a daughter of 
Matthew and Ann (McGirr) Frame. Her 
father was born in county Etenegal, Ireland, 
in 1808, and died in New York City, Decem- 
ber 25, 1880; he came to New York in 1852 
and followed his trade as a brick mason; 
served two years in the Scotch Highlanders in 
the civil war, under General McQellan, and 
was discharged in 1863 o" account of ill 
health ; a Republican in politics ; member of 
the Presbyterian church; married Ann Mc- 
Girr, who was bom in county Donegal, Ire- 

Digitized by 




land, in 1806, and died in New York City, De- 
cember 19, 1880. Robert Frame, grandfather 
of Mrs. Skinner, was born and died in county 
Donegal, Ireland. He was an innkeeper. Ann 
McGirr was a daughter of Samuel and Nancy 
(Kincade) McGirr, of county Donegal. Mc- 
Girr was a farmer. Children of Matthew 
Frame: i. Robert, born May 9, 1829; married 
Matilda McClintock, in New York City; he 
died in San Francisco, California; a brick 
mason by trade. 2. Matthew, born July 17, 
1832, died in New York City in 1874 ; a marble 
cutter by trade. 3. Thomas, born November 
29, 1835; married Eliza Blasett, of New York 
City, died there in 1870; a brick mason. 4. 
Mary, born March 16, 1837, died in infancy. 
5. Jane Ann, born November i, 1838; married 
John McAdoo, from California, resided in San 
Francisco; she died in 1872. 6. James Alex- 
ander, born August 26, 1841 ; married Maria 
Mills, from Dublin, Ireland, a contractor and 
builder in New York City. 7. John, born No- 
vember 28, 1843. died in New York City, 1900; 
married Delia McGovern, of New York; he 
was a contractor and builder. 8. Mary, born 
May II, 1846, resides at Mount Vernon, New 
York; married Robert Stenhouse, a native of 
Scotland; employed in McCreery's dry goods 
store, New York City. 9. William, born March 
10, 1848, died in New York City, in 1885, a 
brick mason; unmarried. 10. Rebecca, mar- 
ried Clark Jesiah Skinner, mentioned above. 

Children of Clark Jesiah Skinner: i. Jennie 
Adelaide, born June 27, 1871, in New York 
City; married (first) Harry Tuthill, of New- 
fane, Vermont, a farmer ; one child, Charlotte, 
born in Newfane, August 6, 1893, graduate of 
Brattleboro high school, class 1913. Jennie 
Adelaide married (second) Bert Sargent, of 
West Brattleboro, where he is employed by 
the Estey Organ Company; child, Bradford, 
bom at Brattleboro, August 31, 190Q. 2. Rob- 
ert, died in infancy. 3. Franklin Henry, born 
in New York City. June i, 1876, died there 
July 5, 1881. 4. John Clark, mentioned below. 
5. Florence, born October 22, 1890, in New- 
fane, Vermont, resides with her mother ; grad- 
uated from Brattleboro hi^h school in 1909, 
and from Qawson & Hamilton Business Col- 
lege, Brattleboro ; a member of the Congrega- 
tional church, and teacher in the Sunday 
school; member of the Order of the Eastern 
Star ; stenographer for Attorney Gibson, Brat- 

(IX) John Clark, son of Clark Jesiah Skin- 
ner, was bom at Newfane, Vermont, April 25, 
1879. His parents removed to New York City 
when he was a year old, and retumed to New- 
fane when he was nine years old, and he was 
educated in the schools in both places. From 
1895 to 1899 he worked on his father's farm. 

He then went to New York City and was 
employed for a time as delivery clerk by a 
baker. Afterward he worked for three years 
in Brooklyn. In 1902 he came to Brattleboro, 
Vermont, and after working for a short time 
in the Estey Organ Works, returned to New 
York City and followed the trade of brick 
mason until 1909. Returning to Brattleboro, 
he continued to work at his trade, and since 
1911 he has been in business as a contractor 
and mason. In politics he is a Republican. In 
religion he is a Congregationalist. He is a 
member of Columbia Lodge, No. 36, Free 
Masons, of Brattleboro, and holds the office 
of tyler. He was formerly a member of the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows in New 
York City. He is a member of the Greenfield 
Bricklayers' Union. 

The Hon. Samuel Ames, chief jus- 
AMES tice of the supreme court of Rhode 
Island for nine years, from 1856 
until 1865, was a descendant of one of the 
oldest and most illustrious families of Amer- 
ica, which, originating in England at a remote 
date, contributed its full share of fair women 
and brave men to the making of history in the 
old world and the new. The family was orig- 
inally 6i Bruton, in Somersetshire, England; 
here John Ames or Amyas, the first progeni- 
tor of whom we have positive knowledge, was 
buried in the year 1560. He had outlived the 
bloody reign of Mary of England, to die in 
the promise of more peaceful years which 
hailed the advent of Elizabeth. The nobility 
of the Ames or Amyas family, as the name 
was first known, is attested by the coat of 
arms, which is: Argent, on a bend sable three 
roses of the field. Crest : A white rose. Motto : 
Fama Candida rosa dulcior. 

This first John Ames had a son by the same 
name who married Margery Crome, and died 
in 1583, leaving three sons, John, Lancelot, 
and William. The eldest of these, John, was 
born in Bmton sometime between 1560 and 
1565, and died there in 1629; he married 
Cyprian Brown and had two sons: William, 
born October 6, 1605, and John, born Decem- 
ber 10, 1610. These two sons, born 'in the 
ancestral home in England, became the found- 
ers of the family in America; coming to the 
new world respectively in the years 1638 and 
1640, and first settling in Duxbury, Massachu- 
setts. William Ames, the elder, who came 
over in 1638, subsequently removed to Biain- 
tree, Massachusetts, probably as early as 1641 ; 
here he was admitted a freeman, May 26, 
1647. He died in January, 1653-54, having 
had by his wife Hannah, who survived him 
and married again, six children : Hannah, Re- 
becca, Lydia, John, Sarah, and Deliverance. 

Digitized by 




These children became the progenitors of many 
distinguished men and women throughout New 
England and other portions of the country, 
their descendants being found in all walks of 
life and in almost every section of the Union. 

John Ames, the younger of the two immi- 
grant brothers, coming to America in 1640, 
was named in 1643 as among those in Dux- 
bury who were able to bear arms. He married 
Elizabeth Hayward, October 20, 1645, and re- 
moved to Bridgewater, Massachusetts, render- 
ing distinguished service to the country of his 
adoption during King Philip's war, and dying 
in West Bridgewater in 1698. He accumulated 
a considerable amount of property which he 
left to his heirs. Among his children were 
William and John ; and these, like the children 
of his brother William, had many descendants 
throughout the country. Indeed, the history of 
the Ames family forms a most interesting chap- 
ter in the industrial, commercial, civil and mili- 
tary annals of the United States. 

Most prominent among the earlier descend- 
ants was Fisher Ames, the friend of Washing- 
ton, orator, writer, Federalist statesman, and 
member of congress during the entire Wash- 
ington administration. He was a man of 
charming personality and brilliant intellect, 
having graduated from Harvard at sixteen 
years of age. He became a member of the 
state legislature, and upon being elected to 
congress, became leader of the Federal party 
in the house of representatives, and extended 
a powerful influence among the FederaHsts all 
through New England. He was more instru- 
mental than anyone else in securing the pass- 
age of the earliest copyright law ; and in such 
high esteem was he held as a patriot and orator, 
that when Washington died the state of Massa- 
chusetts selected him to deliver a eulogy. His 
hatred of the Democrats was extreme and he 
rarely missed an opportunity of dealing the 
party a blow. He married a granddaughter 
of Timothy Edwards, whose son, Jonathan 
Edwards, was the grandfather of Aaron Burr. 
Fisher Ames' father and grandfather, both 
having the name Nathaniel, were celebrated in 
their day as public spirited and men of learn- 

Captain John Ames, another member of the 
family, laid the foundation of the fortunes of 
his branch of the connection, by establishing 
in Bridgewater, Massachusetts, the shovel 
manufactory that has made the name famous 
in industrial circles throughout the entire coun- 
try. His son, Oliver, inherited the business, 
established the manufactory at Easton, Massa- 
chusetts, at the beginning of the century, and 
made great improvements in the product He 
was succeeded in turn by his sons, Oliver and 
Oakes, who became prominent in railroad and 

banking affairs in addition to their manufac- 
turing interests. It was due to these brothers, 
chiefly to Oakes, that the Union Pacific rail- 
road was opened through the great central 
plains of the country to connect the east and 
the west, immense difficulties being overcome 
and an entire fortune being risked in the enter- 
prise. The work was completed in 1869, and 
in the carriage of mail and the transportation 
of troops it has been of vast service to the 
government, which through President Lincoln 
and others of that period, voiced its imperative 

The various members of the family resid- 
ing at North Easton have been marked in 
their generosity toward the town, endow- 
ing it with church and library, and bequeath- 
ing money liberally for other purposes. An- 
other Oliver Ames, a native of North Eas- 
ton, became governor of Massachusetts, hav- 
ing been conspicuous in railroading, banking, 
and manufacturing circles; his brotiher, Frank 
Morton Ames, became state senator and was 
also prominent in railroad and banking inter- 
ests. Frank Lothrop Ames, interesting him- 
self in horticulture and botany, gave large 
sums of money to the botanical department of 
Harvard University, and through his archi- 
tectural taste exercised marked influence on 
the public and private buildings of Boston ; and 
Winthrop Ames, capitalist and theatrical man- 
ager of the present day, is one of the most 
influential men of the period in the field of 
art and public enterprise. 

It was as a member of this gifted and widely 
diversified family that Judge Samuel Ames, of 
Rhode Island, came into the world over a cen- 
tury ago. He was born September 6, 1806, 
in Providence, Rhode Island, and was the son 
of Samuel and Anne (Checkley) Ames; his 
mother being a member of one of the most 
prominent of the old Puritan families, of noble 
English ancestry. The original form of the 
name, Chicbele, which was borne by the earliest 
progenitors, passed through many modifica- 
tions until the present form, Checkley, as used 
by the immigrant ancestor, came to be estab- 
lished finally in America. Judge Ames re- 
ceived his early education in Providence, after 
which he was prepared for college at Phillips 
(Andover) Academy, Massachusetts. Enter- 
ing Brown University he pursued his studies 
with distinction, and was graduated in the 
class of 1823, being then barely seventeen years 
of age. One recalls in this connection his 
kinship and likeness to his distinguished an- 
cestor, Fisher Ames, who was graduated with 
the same brilliancy at the age of sixteen. 
Among the classmates of Judge Ames at 
Brown University were Judg^e Edward Mellen, 
of Massachusetts ; William R. Watson ; George 

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Prentice, of the Louisville Journal, and Dr. 
Henry Seymour Fearing, of Providence. 

After his graduation Samuel Ames imme- 
diately entered upon the study of law in the 
office of the Hon. S. W. Bridgham, also at- 
tending for a year the lectures delivered by 
Judge Gould at the law school in Litchheld, 
Connecticut. In 1826 he was admitted to the 
Rhode Island bar, and opened an office in 
Providence where he at once began the prac- 
tice of his profession. He soon became well 
known as an able advocate, and his fluency 
and earnestness of style gained for him a wide 
reputation as a popular orator. In political 
campaigns he was a most effective speaker, 
and in the exciting times of 1842 and 1843, 
when political affairs in Rhode Island were 
undergoing a tremendous unheaval, his voice 
was conspicuous and frequently heard. He 
became quartermaster-general of the state in 
1842, served in the city council, and was for 
many years in the state assembly. His influ- 
ence throughout the entire period of disturb- 
ance was most marked and beneficient to his 
native state, being always staunch and firm on 
the side of law and order. In 1844 and 1845, he 
was elected speaker of the assembly and be- 
came prominent as a leader in all debates. His 
practice, which was a most successful one, was 
wide and far-reaching, extending into the fed- 
eral courts and winning for him distinguished 
honors and emolument 

In 1853 he was appointed by the legislature 
as state representative in adjusting the bound- 
ary between Rhode Island and Massachusetts ; 
and in 1855 was one of the commissioners for 
revising the statutes of Rhode Island, the work 
being conducted chiefly under his supervision 
and nnished in 1857. In 1855 he received also 
his degree of LL. D., and in May, 1856, the 
year following, he was elected by the general 
assembly to the office of chief justice of the 
supreme court; being appointed at the same 
time reporter of the court. His reports, con- 
tained in the four volumes from IV to VII in- 
clusive, are "remarkable for their clearness, 
their learning, and their conformity to the 
settled principles of jurisprudence," and re- 
main as a monument to the ability and industry 
of their author. He was also the author, in 
connection with Joseph K. Angell, of an elab- 
orate treatise entitled "Angell and Ames on 
Corporations," which has ever since been re- 
garded as a standard work on corporations and 
has passed through many editions. In 1861 
Judge Ames was one of the delegates from 
Rhode Island to the Peace Convention held at 
Washington before the outbreak of the civil 
war, in the month of February ; the other mem- 
bers of the delegation being William H. Hop- 
pin, Samuel G. Arnold, George H. Browne, 

and Alexander Duncan. It was, however, by 
his labors on the bench and his rare qualities 
as an accomplished lawyer and erudite judge 
that his name will be preserved to posterity. 

Judge Ames held the office of chief justice 
of the state of Rhode Island, to which he had 
been appointed in 1856, for a period of nine 
years, covering the troublous times of the civil 
war; and on November 15, 1865, owing to fail- 
ing health, he was constrained to tender his 
resignation. He died a few months afterward, 
very suddenly, in Providence, the city of his 
birth and centre of his life's activities, on De- 
cember 20, 1865, having but recently entered 
upon his sixtieth year. He was a man no less 
distinguished for his social qualities than for 
his legal and political services, and for his ex- 
cellence as a man of learning and letters. He 
was a contributor to the New England Historic 
Genealogical Society, of which he was elected 
a corresponding member in 1845, ^^^ ^^ whose 
cause he manifested keen interest. 

In 1839 Judge Ames was married to Mary 
Throop Dorr, a daughter of Sullivan Dorr, of 
Providence, and niece of Thomas Wilson 
Dorr, leader of the famous rebellion of 1842; 
during which Judge Ames, notwithstanding 
the connection, distinguished himself by his 
patriotism and wisdom of conduct, standing 
always on the side of the constitution. It may 
be said of his wife's uncle, however, who, 
though subversive of law and order, was a 
brilliant and accomplished man even before 
his leadership of the suffragist party, that 
"but for the menace of civil war the suffrage 
never would have been extended," and made 
universal as it was in 1843, at the close of the 
brief and easily suppressed rebellion. Thomas 
Wilson Dorr, convicted of high treason, was 
pardoned within three years, and finally re- 
stored to his civil rights in 1852; time dealt 
leniently with him after all. 

Judge Ames, who was survived by his 
widow, left four sons and one daughter; two 
of these sons becoming prominent in public 
life and distinguishing themselves in the service 
of the country, in both military and civil life: 
I. Sullivan Dorr Ames became a lieutenant 
during the civil war, and was an executive 
crfficer of the "Colorado," attached in 1865 to 
the Mediterranean squadron. On February 
28, 1876, he was married to Abby Greene ; his 
death occurred October 25, 1900. 2. Colonel 
William Ames, bom in Providence, the old 
home of the family, was a short time before 
his father's death, in command of the heavy 
artillery, and served with much honor in the 
campaigns in Virginia and South Carolina 
during the civil war, attaining the rank of 
colonel. He is a graduate of Brown Univer- 
sity, of the class of 1863, and received the de- 

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gree of A. M. by special vote in 1891. He is a 
leading manufacturer in Providence, having 
been connected with Allen's Print Work? for 
the four years subsequent to the war, and 
being now interested in many large enterprises 
in which he is officer and director. He is a 
member of the Rhode Island house of repre- 
sentatives, being a leading Republican ; and be- 
longs to a number of clubs both in Providence 
and New York. He has been twice married; 
(first) to Henrietta F. Ormsbee, of Provi- 
dence, and after her death he married (second) 
Mrs. Anne Ives Carrington Dwight, of the 
same city, who is now also deceased. 3. Ed- 
ward C. Ames, a well-known lawyer of Provi- 
dence, now deceased. 4. Mary B., wife of 
William Gordon Reed, of Cowesett. 5. Sam- 
uel Ames Jr., mentioned below. 

Samuel Ames, son of Hon. Samuel and 
Mary Throop (Dorr) Ames, was born in 
Providence, Rhode Island, April 10, 1849, and 
always lived in that city, occupying after the 
death of his uncle, Sullivan Dorr, the house 
of his grandfather, Sullivan Dorr, which has 
been kept in an excellent state of preservation 
with its old-fashioned decorations and furni- 
ture. This old mansion, which is known as 
the "Dorr Mansion," was built in 1809-10, the 
walls being frescoed by the famous artist, 
Felict Michele Corne, a Neapolitan, between 
May 8 and June 21, 18 10. The paintings on 
the walls of this old mansion represent various 
scenes of the forest as well as marine life. 
Samuc* Ames was educated in his native city, 
and at the age of fourteen years received an 
appointment to the United States Naval Acad- 
emy at Annapolis. His eldest brother, Sulli- 
van Dorr Ames, loved the sea, was never at 
home on shore, and his standing as a navigator 
was so high that he was in demand for sea 
duty, hence spent but very little time ashore. 
Upon receiving his appointment to Annapolis, 
Samuel Ames entered that academy, from 
which he was graduated with the class of 
1868. He was passed through the grades of 
midshipman, ensign and master before he be- 
came convinced that his tastes were not for the 
sea, and that his career lay ashore. So after 
five years' service in the navy, he resigned there- 
from and returned to Providence, where he 
determined to take up the profession in which 
his father had occupied so distinguished a posi- 
tion. Entering Harvard Law School, in 1873, 
he was graduated therefroih in 1875. A year 
later, after furthering his study of the law in 
the offices of Thurston & Ripley, one of the 
leading law firms of the state, he was admitted 
to the Rhode Island bar, of which his brother, 
Edward C, was already a member. He imme- 
diately entered the office of his brother on 
Weybosset street, where he continued in the 

practice of his chosen profession until his 

Ssunuel Ames was a leader in the reform 
movement that brought forth the Municipal 
League, and was one of the founders of that 
organization. With its endorsement he served 
one term in the general assembly of the state 
from Providence, in the session of 1897-98, 
the Providence delegation that year including 
such distinguished citizens as Mayor William 
C. Baker, Hon. Rathbone Gardner, Cyrus M. 
Van Slyck, and ex-Governor Charles D. Kim- 
ball. Mr. Ames never held any other public 
office, and he resigned from the Municipal 
League when that organization began to lose 
sight, in his opinion, of the purposes for which 
it was founded. He was a member of the 
Squantum Association, and of the University 
Qub of Providence, at the time of his death, 
and had been a member of the Hope Qub, and 
was also a member of the Providence Athletic 
Club when the latter club